Approve The New Covenant Colonico

Original Language Title: Approva Il Nuovo Patto Colonico

Read the untranslated law here:

No. 36. Law approving the new covenant farmhouse. We the Captains Regent of the Most Serene Republic of San Marino availing ourselves of the faculty ConcesseCi by the Great and General Council in His Returning models June 27, 1945; We decree, promulgate and publish: Nature of the contract Art. 1. The colony in the Republic of San Marino agreement is governed by the present specification, by the Agrarian Statute, and by the custom since the provisions of that and this not conflict with the terms of reference standards same. Art. 2. For those who lessor means being the owner, affittu rio or lease grants the end of the colony. To host or settler means the whole family of workers fund employee of the chief ruler that only represents as a direct contractor and as a tacit irrevocable representative, both in court and outside in all matters regarding the farm and with the lessor reports and its agents. The landlord or whoever it is the business of the colony with the only ruler. The agreements made by the lessor with the ruler undertake the entire farm family, which has to compete jointly carry out the works necessary for the cultivation of the soil. The exercise of the lease must be conducted in a spirit of c llaborazione between the parties. The lessor, subject to verification by the Agrarian Commission, has the right to perform at the tenant expense the works relating to the colony, when the settler definitely refuses to perform them or otherwise does not carry them in due course, and consistent with good agricultural standards .. Art. 3. E 'established a Board of conciliation Commission for the settlement of disputes that may arise between the parties. It is composed of a representative of the workers on the land, a main representative of the organization of a Deputy President of the Agriculture Commission. Art. 4. The Commission Agriculture, in addition to the task referred to in Regulation 31 March 1908, also those referred to it by the present law. Art. 5. Any dispute not resolved by the Board of conciliation will be referred to an Arbitration Commission chaired by the Law Commissioner and composed of two representatives appointed respectively by the Federation of Workers of the Earth from the employers' organization. Art. 6. And 'nothing any convention containing provisions c displeasing to the present Covenant. Art. 7. The settlement contract is for an indefinite period and can effect from May 15 or from 30 September. The escomio must be given at least six months before the end of the contract. The escomio to both parties must obtain the prior approval of the Agrarian Commission. The cancellation applies to the ruler for the whole family farmhouse. Ground cultivation Art. 8. The granting of the farmhouse is absolutely free. The premises will be proportionate to the number of members of the farm family that is t Nuta the good maintenance of the same. The rustic buildings must be kept in good maintenance conditions in order to maintain normal production efficiency of the fund. The Agrarian Commission annually will visit farmhouses to detect it, roominess, in accordance with the applicable rules of hygiene and efficiency in regard to the disengagement of the activities of the company. Art. 9. Every requirement of special works free of the conductor to the lessor's advantage is suppressed. Art. 10. The tenant shall: a) cultivate the men's cross honest and rational technique; b) take care to maintain it; c) to guard, defend, report them immediately to the lessor any action taken, or likely to occur, to the detriment and harassment of the fund; d) prevent the interrino the borders, to open passages, they are established servitude '. Art. 11. And 'it prohibited the conductor without special permission of the lessor: a) to make carriages for his exclusive benefit or otherwise of using livestock to foreign works to the bottom; b) to submit to any work the cattle during the warranty period for the purchase, worth damages from the infringement; c) to pay works out of the ground to him consegato in the colony, and to cultivate third-party land, except in exchange for labor; d) to move from the bottom of the slightest amount of products, except after the fact finding and the final division; e) to provide accommodations, even temporarily, to outsiders at the farm family and to others' livestock. Art. 12. The cutting firewood will be demolished no more 'later on March 25, if the weather permits. Art. 13. In the case of new plantations, determined by landed minds, if not decreased arable land, the tenant is not entitled to any compensation.
If the bottom surface should decrease as a result of the sale, the farmer will be entitled to be compensated estimates whatever surfaces subtracted. Art. 14. When in the holder's family there are people able to perform rational pruning of fruit trees, olive trees and the mulberry trees, reserved the right to the landlord to hire for work qusto skilled workers. The costs shall be borne somewhere between the lessor and the lessee. Art. 15. Neither party may, without the consent of the other, sell the common interest of commodities, sell, buy or exchange beasts, or go with those at fairs or markets. In case of conflict between the parties it will decide the Agrarian Commission. Allocation of Costs of Products and Annuities Art. 16. The owner pays the taxes in force and must answer pr half of the breccia transport; if the fund is free of laboring cattle, the conductor will eson rato by spending breach that will be borne by the lessor except among the beasts there are those to gain, in which case the expenditure itself will be divided in half between the parts. Art. 17. The division of costs is as follows: a) are half the cost of natural fertilizers and the CHMI; b) are the responsibility of the settler rdinaria growing costs of the land, and the collection of the products; c) shall be borne by the lessor the costs of medicines for livestock and fire insurance of buildings; d) costs for the new plants will be for the first three years in respect of the lessor as well as the hair of the wire support and the wire for the screws; e) the costs of the barrels are half; f) the costs of sulfur and sulfate are borne by the lessor, if the duster and sprayer are owned by the landlord these expenses are charged to the third settler. Art. 18. Each party shall own account insure against hail his share of any crop. However, if the farmer is in debt to the lessor, these will have the right and even the obligation in the event that the settler so requires, also ensure the farmhouse part of the wheat. Art. 19. The rental of working animals is halfway between the parties. If they missed work animals, the master of the commodities transportation fee will be somewhere between the parties. Art. 20. These reward the farmer transporting hay, straw, fatliquors, seeds and all that can occur pr cultivation of the fund and for the cattle government within the territory of the Republic, transportation of products belonging to the same owner or ducts directly to their marketing in the territory of the Republic. For out of the settler land transport you will be entitled to a remuneration to be determined by both parties. The same criterion will run for transport of the manor things. The costs for the transport of undistributed products, if they are outsourced to third parties, will be supported in the middle between the parties. Art. 21. The settler must have the following tools: small tools, carts, plows, plow right and left. The owner must have: Feed cutter, drill, vats, wine press and cellar accessories. In the event that any or all of the tools you have to take charge to the lessor are owned colon Agriculture will establish the Commission from time to time the price of the rental. Art. 22. The agricultural machines procured by the landlord moved from Forced inanimate, as seeders, harvesters, fertilizer spreader, will be maintained and repaired at the same lessor expenses, except failures caused by evil use which, upon verification, will be borne by them He has caused. Art. 23. The size of the fund Livestock must be proportionate to the work and the extension of the fund needs. Article 24. The gain of the cattle, that is owned by the landlord, is midway between the parties, must be split at a ratio of 3/5 to 2/5 of the landlord and tenant. In case of loss, this should be divided into 2/5 and 3/5 reason the tenant to the landlord. In the event of death if the cattle are owned by the landlord, the loss will be sustained for the '80% by the landlord and 20% by the settler. In the case of exploitation of the lira in the sale of the property of the lessor livestock remittance or gain are considered depending on the valo 23; 15 Art. 25. The expenses for threshing grain are borne by the lessor. The meals for the team and for all the personnel threshing is borne by the farmer. 23; 15 Art. 26. The distribution of agricultural products and the income derived from industries and from farms exercised joint statement on the fund will be made as follows: for the less fertile land, 66% to the settler; for medium fertility soils 63% to settler; for land increased yields 60% to settler.
So also the division of all other products, except the product of the olives, which will be divided in half between the two parts. 23; 15 Art. 27. The breakdown of the wood will be regulated by the Agrarian Commission, which will have the task of giving all the necessary details. 23; 15 Art. 28. The partial subrogation plants landed screws, for unforeseeable circumstances or assecchimento, it will be run by the settler. Gratuities 23; 15 Art. 29. At the lessor the following gifts will be paid; a) on the farm of one to five hectares of land n. 2 capons for Christmas and n. 20 eggs per year; b) for surface farm exceeding five hectares n. 2 capons at Christmas, n. 2 Carnival hens and n. 30 eggs per year. In the case of mortality of the chickens it will not be due to anything. 23; 15 Art. 30. The expenses for the purchase of the pig will be borne by the amplifier; subsequent expenses will be divided in half between the parties and the pig will be divided in half. If by March 31 the master will not have proceeded to the purchase of the pig, the farmer will be entitled to make the purchase of its own. 23; 15 Art. 31. By March 31 of each year shall be closed to the domestic accounts, previous estimates of livestock at current prices. These must be approved and signed by the p rts by April 30 of each year. Both the lessor as the settler should take the booklet of colonic accounts where each year will notice the games of give and take. The landlord is obliged to pay the advances that the settler demands on their own farmhouse. 23; 15 Art. 32. At the exit of the fund, the conductor will collect his share of the profit, from the day that this will make the delivery of cattle in the hands of the landlord or the new tenant. 23; 15 Art. 33 The work unrelated to the normal run of the fund, namely: land reclamation, arrangement of land, plantations, logging, oil milling, and the like, should be entrusted to the organizations of the laborers. 23; 15 Art. 34 The landlord has an obligation to carry out reclamation of the lands based on what will be stable or the Agrarian Commission. The charges are against him, barring any affected government action. Transitional Provision Within two months of this Pact With nico must be performed all delinquent accounts between the landlord and the tenant. In the event that the owner wished to rent your own farm must give priority to settler farmer of the farm itself. This colonial pact enters into force from the day of its approval. Given at Our Residence, this day of 27 June 1945 (1644 dFR) THE CAPTAINS REGENT Alvaro Casali - Vittorio Valentini THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INTERNAL AFFAIRS Giuseppe Forcellini