About Lawyer Activity And Legal Profession In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: Об адвокатской деятельности и адвокатуре в Российской Федерации

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102076346

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW about lawyer activity and legal profession in the Russian Federation adopted by the State Duma April 26, 2002 year approved by the Federation Council May 15, 2002 onwards (as amended by the federal laws on 28.10.2003 N 134-F3;
from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ;
from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ; from 03.12.2007 N 320-FZ;
from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; from 27.11.2010 N 200-FL;
from 21 N 326-FZ; from 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ;
from 13.07.2015 N 268-FZ), CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Advocacy 1. A lawyer is qualified legal assistance on a professional basis persons who acquired the status of a lawyer in the manner prescribed by this federal law, individuals and legal entities (hereinafter referred to as guardianship) in order to protect their rights, freedoms and interests, as well as ensuring access to justice.
2. Legal activity is not a business.
3. Is not a lawyer, the legal assistance: employees of the legal services of legal entities (hereinafter referred to as the Organization), as well as employees of State authorities and bodies of local self-government;
participants and employees organizations providing legal services, as well as individual entrepreneurs;
notaries, patent attorneys, except when a lawyer acts as a patent attorney, or others who act specifically empowered to conduct their professional activities.
4. The effect of this federal law does not apply to the bodies and persons who carry out representation by operation of law.
Article 2. Counsel 1. A lawyer is a person who has been granted in the manner prescribed by this Federal law, the status of the lawyer and the right to carry out legal activity. The lawyer is an independent professional legal adviser. The lawyer did not have the right to enter into an employment relationship as an employee, except scientific, teaching and other creative activities, as well as the right to hold public office in the Russian Federation, constituent entities of the Russian Federation Government posts, the post of public service and municipal offices.
The lawyer has the right to combine advocacy with work as leader of lawyer formation, as well as with the work of the elected Chamber in the legal entity of the Russian Federation (hereinafter also-advocate Chamber), the Federal Chamber of lawyers of the Russian Federation (hereinafter also-Federal Chamber of lawyers), all-Russian and international public associations of lawyers. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

2. Providing legal aid lawyer: 1) provides advice and information on legal issues both orally and in writing;
2) makes applications, complaints, Petitions and other documents of legal character;
3) represents the interests of the principal in the constitutional proceedings;
4) participates as a representative of the principal in civil and administrative proceedings;
5) participates as a representative or counsel of the principal in criminal proceedings and proceedings on administrative offences;
6) participates as a representative of the principal in proceedings in the Court of arbitration, international commercial arbitration (Court) and other bodies to resolve conflicts;
7) represents the interests of the principal in the bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government, public associations and other organizations;
8) represents the interests of the principal in public authorities, courts and law enforcement bodies of foreign States and international judicial bodies, non-governmental bodies of foreign States, unless otherwise prescribed by the legislation of foreign States, statutes of international judicial bodies and other international organizations or the international treaties of the Russian Federation;
9) participates as a representative of the principal in enforcement proceedings, as well as in the execution of criminal penalties;
10) serves as the representative of the principal in tax matters.
3. A lawyer may provide other legal assistance not prohibited by federal law.
4. Representatives of the organizations, bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government in civil and administrative proceedings, proceedings on administrative offences may be made only by lawyers, except in cases where these functions are performed by employees who are members of the staff of these organizations, bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government, unless otherwise stipulated in the Federal law.
5. The attorneys of foreign States may provide legal assistance on the territory of the Russian Federation on the law of the foreign State.
The attorneys of foreign States are not permitted to provide legal assistance on the territory of the Russian Federation on issues related to State secret of the Russian Federation.

6. The attorneys of foreign States, engaged in legal activity on the territory of the Russian Federation, are recorded by the Federal Executive Body in the field of Justice (hereinafter referred to as the Federal judicial authority) in a specialized registry, order of which is determined by the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) without registration in the said register implementation of advocacy attorneys of foreign States in the territory of the Russian Federation shall be prohibited.
Article 3. The legal profession and the State 1. Advocacy is a professional community of lawyers and civil society as an institution is not included in the system of bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government.
2. Advocacy is based on the principles of legality, independence, self-government, corporatism, as well as the principle of equal rights advocates.
3. in order to ensure accessibility for the public legal assistance and advocacy public authorities provide guarantees of the independence of the legal profession, carry out financing activities of lawyers providing legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge in cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as the need to distinguish the entities premises and means of communication.
4. Each lawyer shall be guaranteed social security to citizens by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. Law about lawyer activity and legal profession 1. Legislation on the legal activity and the legal profession is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this federal law, other federal laws enacted in accordance with federal laws, regulatory acts of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal bodies of executive power to regulate such activities, as well as from measures taken within the authority established by this federal law, the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. the procedure stipulated by this federal law, the code of professional ethics lawyer for each lawyer sets mandatory rules of conduct in carrying out advocacy, as well as the grounds and procedure of prosecution a lawyer to liability. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ), Article 5. The use of the terms used in the present Federal law Use in names of organizations and public associations of the terms "legal activity", "bar", "Attorney", "Bar Association", "legal education", "legal advice" or phrases that include these terms allowed only lawyers and established in the manner prescribed by this federal law, organizations. (Article in Edition Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ), CHAPTER 2. The rights and duties of LAWYER Article 6. Powers of Attorney 1. Powers of Attorney, participating as a representative of the principal constitutional, civil and administrative proceedings, as well as a representative or counsel of the principal in criminal proceedings and proceedings in matters concerning administrative offences are governed by the relevant procedural legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. In cases stipulated by the Federal law, the lawyer must have a warrant for the execution of the instruction, issued by the relevant law. The order form shall be approved by the federal organ of Justice. In other cases, counsel is of the principal on the basis of power of attorney. No one has the right to demand from the lawyer and his presentation of the principal agreement on rendering of a legal aid (hereinafter also referred to as the agreement) for the entry of a lawyer in the case.
3. A lawyer shall have the right to: 1) collect the information necessary for the provision of legal assistance, including the request for information, specifications and other documents from public authorities, local self-government bodies and public associations and other organizations. The bodies and organizations in the manner prescribed by law, are obliged to extradite the lawyer requested documents or certified copies thereof not later than within one month from the date of receipt of the request; (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 2) interview with their consent persons alleged to possess information relevant to the case in which a lawyer provides legal assistance;
3) collect and report objects and documents that may be considered material and other evidence in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation;
4) involve professionals on a contractual basis for the clarification of issues related to the provision of legal assistance;
5) meet freely with his principal alone, in conditions ensuring confidentiality (including detention), with no limit on the number of visits and their duration;

6) record (including by technical means) information contained in the records of the case in which the Attorney provides legal assistance, while respecting public and other secrets protected by law;
7) perform other acts not contradicting to the legislation of the Russian Federation.
4. counsel may not: 1) to receive from the person applying for legal aid, the order in case it is patently illegal nature;
2) accept from the person applying for legal aid in cases, if he or she: has its own interest in the subject of an agreement with the principal, other than the interest of the person concerned;
participated in the case as a judge, arbitrator or an arbitrator, mediator, investigator, Prosecutor, investigator, expert, specialist, interpreter, is in this case a victim or witness, and if he was an official, which was a decision in favour of the person;
is kinship or family relations with an official who made or participated in the investigation or proceedings of the person;
provides legal assistance to the principal, whose interests run counter to the interests of the person concerned;
3) occupy the position of the case against the wishes of the settlor, except when a lawyer is convinced of the existence of self-incrimination of the truster;
4) make public statements about the proof of guilt of the settlor, if he denies it;
5) disclose information provided to him by the principal in relation to the provision of legal aid to the latter, without the consent of the truster;
6) abandon adopted on themselves for protection.
5. Tacit cooperation of the lawyer with the bodies carrying out investigative activities shall be prohibited.
Article 7. Duty counsel 1. The lawyer is obliged to: 1) honestly, intelligently and conscientiously uphold the rights and legitimate interests of all trusting is not prohibited by the legislation of the Russian Federation;
2) meet the requirements of the compulsory participation of a lawyer as defence counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or the Court, as well as to provide legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge in cases stipulated by this federal law; (As amended by the federal laws on Dec. 20 N 163-FZ; from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) 3) to constantly improve their knowledge and enhance their skills;
4) comply with the code of ethics of a lawyer and to execute the decisions of bodies of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation, the Federal Chamber of lawyers of the Russian Federation, adopted within the limits of their competence; (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 5) monthly pay at the expense of the remuneration received by means of the General needs of the lawyer's Chamber in the procedure and in the amounts determined by the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers of lawyer Chamber of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation (hereinafter-meeting (Conference) of lawyers), as well as allocating funds to the appropriate content of a lawyer study, the corresponding bar association or the lawyer Bureau in order and in sizes installed the education; (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 6) take out insurance risk their professional liability. (Suspend Article 1, subparagraph 6 paragraph 7 prior to the date of entry into force of the Federal law governing compulsory insurance of professional responsibility lawyers as amended by federal law from 03.12.2007 N 320-FZ)
2. For non-performance or improper performance of their professional duties counsel shall bear responsibility stipulated by this federal law.
Article 8. Attorney secrets 1. Lawyer secret means any information relating to the provision of legal aid counsel to his principal.
2. The lawyer may not be called as a witness and questioned about the circumstances which have become known in connection with the appeal to him for legal aid or in connection with its provision.
3. carrying out of operatively-search actions and investigations of a lawyer (including residential and Office premises, which are used to implement advocacy) is permitted only on the basis of a judicial decision.
Received during operatively-search actions or investigations (including after suspension or termination of the status of the lawyer) information, objects and documents can be used as evidence only if they are not included in the production of a lawyer of his principals. These restrictions do not apply to the instruments of the crime, as well as items that are prohibited for treatment or restricted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER 3. The STATUS of the LAWYER Article 9. The acquisition of the status of the lawyer

1. The status of the lawyer in the Russian Federation shall have the right to buy the person who has higher legal education, has received State-accredited educational program or a degree in the legal profession. This person must also have experience of working in the legal profession for at least two years or have completed an appropriate probationary period in the education in the terms established by this federal law. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ), higher legal education which is first received higher education, work experience in the legal profession is calculated not earlier than after its receipt. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ) (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ)
2. do not qualify for acquisition of the status of the lawyer and the exercise of the legal profession persons: 1) recognized incapable or of limited legal capacity in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation;
2) with outstanding or removed from conviction for an intentional crime.
3. the decision on conferring the status of the lawyer qualification Commission takes of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Board) after putting a person aspiring to acquire the status of Attorney (hereinafter also-Challenger), qualifying examination. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
4. work experience in the legal profession, which is necessary for the acquisition of the status of the lawyer's work is included: 1) as a judge;
2) for requiring higher legal education public positions in the federal bodies of State power, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, other State bodies;
3) on demanding higher legal education positions in existing prior to the adoption of the current Constitution of the Russian Federation, governmental bodies of the USSR, the Russian Federation and the Russian Federation from the territory of the Russian Federation;
4) for requiring higher legal education municipal positions;
5) for requiring higher legal education positions in the organs of the judicial department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation;
6) to require the higher juridical education positions in the legal services organizations;
7) for requiring higher legal education positions in research institutions;
8) as a lecturer of legal disciplines in professional educational organizations, educational organizations, of higher education and scientific organizations; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) 9) as a lawyer;
10) as an Assistant to a lawyer;
11) as a notary public.
5. A lawyer shall have the right to carry out legal activity on the entire territory of the Russian Federation without any further permission.
6. foreign nationals and stateless persons who have obtained the status of a lawyer in the manner prescribed by this federal law, shall be permitted to exercise the legal profession on the whole territory of the Russian Federation in the case, unless otherwise stipulated in the Federal law.
Article 10. Admission to the qualifying examination 1. A person who meets the requirements of paragraphs 1 and 2 of article 9 hereof, shall have the right to request the qualification Commission of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation made a statement concerning the attribution to him of the status of the lawyer. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
2. the applicant is other than the qualification Commission a copy of the document certifying his identity, a questionnaire containing biographical information, a copy of the work record or other document confirming work experience in the legal profession, a copy of the document confirming the higher legal education or degree in the legal profession, as well as other documents in cases stipulated by the legislation on the legal activity and the legal profession.
Providing inaccurate information might serve as grounds for refusal of admission of the applicant to the qualifying exam.
3. Qualification Commission if necessary, arranges for two months validation of documents and information submitted by the applicant. With this qualification, the Commission may apply to the appropriate authorities with request for verification or validation of these documents and information. These bodies are obliged to inform the Commission on the results of the qualifying examination of the documents and information or to confirm their veracity not later than one month from the date of receipt of the request of the Commission.
4. After the completion of the Audit Board shall decide on the admission of the applicant to the qualifying exam.
5. the decision on refusal of admission of the applicant to a qualifying exam may be taken only on grounds specified in the present Federal law. The decision to refuse admission to a qualifying exam may be appealed in court.
Article 11. Qualifying exam

1. The regulations on the procedure for delivery of a qualification examination and estimation of knowledge of applicants, as well as the list of issues proposed by the applicants are developed and approved by the Federal Chamber of lawyers.
2. Qualification exam consists of written answers to questions (testing) and an oral interview.
3. the applicant, not passed Qualification exam, allowed to retry delivery of a qualification examination procedure established by this federal law, not earlier than in a year. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) Article 12. Bar Association 1. Board within three months from the date of filing the candidate statements of attribution to him of the status of the lawyer decides on attribution or on refusal of assignment of the applicant of the status of the lawyer.
The decision about awarding the qualification Commission applicant status of the lawyer comes into force from the date of adoption by the applicant of the oath by counsel.
2. the Board shall not have the right to refuse any applicant who successfully proficiency examination, conferring a lawyer except where after passing the qualifying examination facts emerge prevented admission to Qualification exam. In such cases, the decision to refuse the attribution of the status of the lawyer may be appealed in court.
3. The status of the lawyer is assigned to an applicant for an indefinite period and is not limited to a specific age of the lawyer.
Article 13. Oath of Attorney 1. In the manner prescribed by the lawyer, the applicant successfully passed Qualification exam, take the oath as follows: "I solemnly swear that I will faithfully and honestly fulfill the duties of lawyer, to defend the rights, freedoms and interests of constituents, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the law and the code of ethics of a lawyer".
2. From the date of taking the oath the applicant acquires the status of a lawyer and became a member of lawyer Chamber.
Article 14. Rosters of lawyers 1. The territorial authority of a federal body of executive power in the field of Justice (hereinafter referred to as the territorial authority of Justice) maintains a register of lawyers of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the regional registry).
2. The territorial authority of justice no later than 1 February each year sends the Attorney Chamber a copy of a regional register. Amending the regional register of the territorial authority of Justice notifies the legal ward of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation within 10 days of making such changes.
3. conduct of regional registries defined by Justice.
Article 15. The particulars of the lawyer in the regional register 1. On the attribution of an applicant of the status of the lawyer qualification Commission within seven days from the date of adoption of the corresponding decision shall notify the territorial authority of Justice, within one month from the date of receipt of the notification contributes information about the lawyer in the regional register and issue a corresponding certificate to the lawyer.
2. the form shall be approved by the federal identity body justice. In witness whereof, the surname, name, patronymic of a lawyer, his registration number in the regional registry. The certificate should be a picture of a lawyer, certified with seal of the territorial authority of Justice.
3. the certificate is the only document certifying the status of the lawyer, except in the case provided for in paragraph 5 of this article. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) Person, the status of the lawyer which terminated or suspended after the decision of Council of lawyer Chamber is obliged to hand over their identity in the territorial authority of Justice, which issued the permit. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
4. The lawyer may simultaneously be a member of lawyer Chamber only one subject of the Russian Federation, the information shall be entered into only one regional register. The lawyer has the right to carry out their activities in only one lawyer education, established in accordance with this federal law.
5. counsel who took the decision to change membership in the Bar Association of one subject of the Russian Federation for membership in the Bar Association of another entity of the Russian Federation shall notify by registered mail advice of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation (further-Council of lawyer Chamber Council), of which he is a member.
The decision of the Council shall notify the Attorney the territorial authority of justice within ten days from the date of receipt of the notification of the lawyer. In the case of a lawyer before deductions arrears of lawyer Chamber Council reserves the right not to send the notification until full repayment of the amount owed by the lawyer.

The territorial authority of Justice exclude information about lawyer from a regional register no later than one month from the date of receipt of the notice of the Council. The lawyer is obliged to hand over their identity to the territorial authority of Justice. In return surrendered territorial authority authorization of justice issues the lawyer a document confirming the status of the lawyer. This document specifies the Insert date information about the lawyer into a regional registry and date exclude information about the lawyer from a regional registry. A lawyer within one month from the date of the exception information from the regional registry by registered letter shall notify the Council of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation, of which it intends to be.
Council of lawyer Chamber of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation, within one month from the date of receipt of the notification specified from the lawyer verifies information about the lawyer and decide its membership of lawyer Chamber. The Council shall notify this decision to the territorial body of the justice and Attorney within ten days from the date of adoption of the decision.
The territorial authority of Justice, within one month from the date of receipt of the notification from the Council contributes information about the lawyer in the regional register and issue a new certificate to the lawyer. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

6. from the date of attribution of the status of the lawyer or make information about the lawyer in the regional register after you change them membership in the bar association or the resumption of the status of the lawyer is obliged to notify the Council of lawyer Chamber of the chosen form of lawyer formation within three months from the date of occurrence of such circumstances. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
7. Payment information about the lawyer in the regional register or non-issuance of a lawyer in identity established by this federal law could be challenged in court.
8. How to change counsel Bar Association membership of one subject of the Russian Federation for membership in the Bar Association of another entity of the Russian Federation shall be determined by the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) Article 16. The suspension of Attorney 1. The status of the lawyer is suspended on the following grounds: (as amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 1) election of a lawyer in the State authority or local government authority for the period of work on an ongoing basis;
2) failure by counsel for more than six months to carry out their professional duties;
3) appeal counsel for military service;
4) recognition of the lawyer in the prescribed untraceable by the Federal law.
2. In case of adoption of a decision by the Court on the application of a lawyer of coercive measures of a medical nature, the Court may consider suspension of the lawyer.
3. the suspension of the status of the lawyer shall entail the suspension of actions against the counsel of guarantees provided for in this federal law, with the exception of the guarantees provided by paragraph 2 of article 18 hereof.
3-1. a person, the status of the lawyer which is suspended is not entitled to carry out legal activity, as well as hold elective positions in bodies of lawyer Chamber or the Federal Chamber of lawyers. Violation of the provisions of this paragraph shall entail termination of the status of the lawyer. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
4. The suspension of the status of the lawyer takes the advice of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation, also in the regional register which made information about the lawyer.
5. Upon termination of the grounds provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, the status of the lawyer is renewed by a decision of the Council, which adopted the decision on the suspension of the status of the lawyer on the basis of personal resignation of defence counsel, the status of which has been suspended. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 5-1. Decision of Council of lawyer Chamber about the suspension of the status of the lawyer or of the refusal to resume the status of the lawyer may be appealed in court. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
6. Council of lawyer Chamber in ten-day's term from the date of its decision to suspend or resume the status of the Attorney shall notify, in writing, to the territorial authority of Justice for entering information about them in the regional register, as well as a person, the status of the lawyer which is suspended or resumed, except in the case of suspension of the status of the lawyer on the basis provided for in subparagraph 4 of paragraph 1 of this article, and the education in which the person in question pursued a legal activity. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) the territorial authority of Justice in the 10-day period from the date of receipt of the specified notification contributes information on suspension or resumption of the status of the lawyer in the regional register.
Article 17. Cessation of counsel 1. The status of the lawyer is deprived of Council of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation, the regional registry which made information about the lawyer, on the following grounds:

1) lawyer Declaration on the cessation of the status of the lawyer to advice of lawyer Chamber;
2) the entry into force of the court verdict on recognition of counsel as incompetent or of limited dispositive capacity;
3) death of the lawyer or the entry into force of the court verdict declaring him dead;
4) entry into enforceable court judgement on recognition of Attorney guilty of committing a premeditated crime;
5) identification of the circumstances provided for in paragraph 2 of article 9 hereof;
6) violation of the provisions of paragraph 3-1 article 16 hereof.
2. The status of the lawyer may be terminated by a decision of the Council of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation, the regional registry which made information about the lawyer, based on the conclusion of the qualification Commission when: 1) failure or improper performance by the lawyer of their profession before the principal;
2) violation of the norms of the code of ethics counsel lawyer;
3) failure or improper performance by the lawyer of decisions of bodies of lawyer Chamber, adopted within the limits of their competence;
4) establishing the authenticity of the information submitted by the qualification Commission in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 2 of article 10 hereof;
5) absence of lawyer Chamber within four months from the date of the occurrence of the circumstances contemplated in paragraph 6 of article 15 of this federal law, the election of Attorney form of lawyer formation.
3. a person, the status of the lawyer which is discontinued, not have the right to carry out legal activity, as well as elective positions in bodies of lawyer Chamber or the Federal Chamber of lawyers. Violation of the provisions of this paragraph shall entail liability under federal law.
4. The decision taken in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, the decision to the Council within ten days from the date of its adoption, shall notify in writing the person, the status of the lawyer which terminated, except in the case of termination of the status of the lawyer on the basis provided for in subparagraph 3 of paragraph 1 of this article, the appropriate law education, as well as the territorial authority of Justice, which makes the necessary changes to the regional registry.
5. Decision of Council of lawyer Chamber, taken on grounds provided for by paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article may be appealed in court.
6. The territorial authority of Justice with information about the circumstances which are the bases for termination of the status of the lawyer makes a submission on the cessation of the status of the lawyer in the lawyer's House. If advice of lawyer Chamber within a period of three months from the date of receipt of such a submission is not considered it, the territorial authority of Justice may apply to the Court for a Declaration on the cessation of the status of the lawyer. (Article in Edition Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ), Article 18. Guarantees of the independence of counsel 1. Interference in legal activity, exercised in accordance with law or preventing these activities in any way is prohibited.
2. The lawyer may not be subject to any liability (including after suspension or termination of the status of the lawyer) for him in carrying out legal activity view if only entered into legal force court verdict is guilt by counsel in criminal action (omission).
These restrictions do not apply to civil liability lawyer before the principal in accordance with this federal law.
3. Discovery of lawyers, as well as from employees of lawyer formations, lawyer Chambers or the Federal Chamber of lawyers of the legal aid in individual cases is not allowed.
4. counsel, members of his family and their property are protected by the State. The internal affairs authorities are obliged to take the necessary measures to ensure the safety of lawyer, members of his family, the preservation of their property.
5. criminal prosecution counsel shall be subject to the safeguards for the lawyer, stipulated by the criminal procedure legislation.
Article 19. Risk liability insurance lawyer carries out in accordance with the Federal law insurance risk their professional liability for breach of contract with the principal agreement on rendering of a legal aid.
CHAPTER 4. ORGANIZATION of LEGAL ACTIVITY and the legal profession, article 20. Forms of lawyer formations 1. Forms of lawyer formations are: an advocate's Cabinet, Colegio de Abogados, law offices and legal advice.
2. A lawyer shall have the right in accordance with this federal law alone to elect the form of lawyer formation and location of lawyer activity. Of the chosen form of lawyer formation and the advocacy counsel shall notify the Council of lawyer Chamber in the manner prescribed by this federal law.

3. In the cases provided for in article 24 of this federal law, the lawyer carries out legal activities legal advice.
Article 21. The lawyer study 1. Counsel, ordered to carry out legal activity individually, establishes an advocate's Cabinet.
2. On the establishment of a lawyer study directs the lawyer to advice of lawyer Chamber the certified mail a notice which shall include information on the lawyer, the location of a lawyer study, the procedure of telephone, Telegraph, postal and other communication between advice of lawyer Chambers and lawyer.
3. An advocate's Cabinet is not a legal entity.
4. The lawyer which has founded a lawyer study, opens accounts in banks in accordance with the law, has a seal, stamps and forms with the address and the name of a lawyer study, containing an indication of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation on the territory of which established a lawyer study.
5. The agreement on rendering of a legal aid consist in a lawyer study between the lawyer and the principal and are registered in the documentation of a lawyer study.
6. A lawyer may use for accommodation of a lawyer study premises owned by him or members of his family on the property right, with the consent of the latter.
7. accommodation occupied by a lawyer and his family under a contract of employment may be used by counsel for the accommodation of a lawyer study, with the consent of the landlord, and all adults living together with a lawyer.
Article 22. Bar 1. Two or more lawyer has the right to establish a bar association.
2. The Bar Association is a non-profit membership-based organization and acting on the basis of the Charter, approved by its founders (hereinafter also referred to as the Charter), and concluded their constituent treaty.
3. the founders of the Bar Association may be lawyers, which made only one regional register. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
4. In the memorandum of Association, the founders shall determine conditions for the transfer of the Bar Association of his property, participation in its activities, the procedure and conditions for admission to the bar of new members, the rights and obligations of the founders (members) of the Bar Association, the procedure and conditions for the release of the founders (members) of the composition (including presence or absence of an indivisible Fund and directions of its use). (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
5. The Statute should contain the following information: 1) the name of the Bar Association;
2) location bar association;
3) subject and objectives of the activities of the Bar Association;
4) sources of education property Bar Association and the directions for its use;
5) administration of the Bar Association;
6) information on the branches of the Bar Association;
7) procedure for reorganization and liquidation of the Bar Association;
8) procedure for amending the statute changes and additions;
9) other provisions that do not contradict this federal law and other federal laws.
6. Requirements of memorandum and articles of Association are obligatory for execution by the Bar Association and its founders (members).
7. Establishing, on the reorganization or liquidation of the Colegio de Abogados of its founders send by registered mail a notice to advice of lawyer Chamber. The notification for the establishment or reorganization of the Bar Association shall contain information on lawyers engaged in the Bar Association Attorney, about the location of the Bar Association, on the procedure of telephone, Telegraph, postal and other communication between advice of lawyer Chamber and the Bar Association. The notification shall be accompanied by notarized copies of memorandum and articles of Association. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
8. The Bar Association shall be deemed established from the moment of its State registration. State registration of the Bar Association, as well as entering into the unified State registry of legal persons of record about the termination of its activities are carried out in the manner prescribed by the Federal law on State registration of legal entities.
9. The Bar Association is a legal person, has independent balance, opens accounts in banks in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, has a seal, stamps and forms with the address and the name of the Bar Association, containing an indication of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation on the territory of which established the Colegio de Abogados.
10. The Bar Association has the right to establish branches throughout the Russian Federation, as well as on the territory of a foreign State, if it is stipulated by the legislation of the foreign State.

On the establishment or closure of a branch of the Bar Association shall send by registered mail a notice to advice of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation on the territory of which established the Collegium of advocates, as well as in Council of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation on the territory of which the branch of the Bar Association. To create a branch in the notification bar association must contain information on lawyers engaged in the branch of the College of lawyers of legal activity, about the location of the Bar Association and its affiliate, on the procedure of telephone, Telegraph, postal and other communication between advice of lawyer Chamber and the Bar Association, its branch. The notification shall be accompanied by notarized copies of the decision to create a branch of the Bar Association and the branch.
Lawyers engaged in legal activity in the branch of the Bar Association, are members of the Bar Association, created the corresponding branch.
Information on lawyers engaged in legal activity in the branch of the Bar Association shall be entered in the regional register of the Russian Federation, in whose territory the branch is created.
Information on lawyers engaged in legal activity in the branch of the Bar Association, established in the territory of a foreign State shall be entered in the regional register of the Russian Federation on the territory of which established the Colegio de Abogados. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ) 11. Property made by the founders of the Bar Association as contributions was hers by right of ownership.
12. the members of the Bar Association shall not be liable for its obligations, the Bar Association is not responsible for the obligations of its members.
13. The Bar Association, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation is the tax agent lawyers who are its members, on income received in connection with the exercise of the legal profession, as well as their representative on settlements with principals and the third parties and other matters provided by the founding documents of the Bar Association.
The Bar Association is obliged to notify the legal changes in the composition of the Chamber of lawyers of the Bar Association member. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ) 14. The bar association under the legislation of the Russian Federation shall bear the liability for nonperformance or improper performance of the duties of a tax agent or representative.
15. The agreement on rendering of a legal aid panel lawyers concluded between the lawyer and the principal and are registered in the documentation of bar.
16. Nothing in the provisions of this section shall be construed as limiting the independence of counsel in the performance of orders of the principal, as well as his personal professional responsibility before the final.
17. The Bar Association cannot be converted to a commercial organization, or any other non-profit organization, except in the case of conversion of the Bar Association in the law office in accordance with article 23 hereof.
18. the relations arising in connection with the establishment, activities and liquidation of the Bar Association shall apply rules provided for non-commercial partnerships by the Federal law "on noncommercial organizations", if those rules do not conflict with the provisions of this federal law.
Article 23. Law Office 1. Two or more lawyer has the right to establish a law office.
2. the relations arising in connection with the establishment and the activities of a lawyer Bureau, rules of article 22 of this federal law, unless otherwise provided for in this article.
3. lawyers, established law office, enter into a partnership agreement between them in the simple written form. On the partner contract lawyers-partners undertake to join their efforts for legal aid on behalf of all partners. The partnership agreement is not available for the State registration of a lawyer Bureau. (As amended by the federal laws on Dec. 20 N 163-FZ; 11 N 200-FZ)
4. In the partner contract shall contain the following: 1) the period of validity of the partner contract;
2) the procedure for taking decisions of partners;
3) procedure for the election of the managing partner and its competence;
4) other significant conditions.
5. Conducting common causes of a lawyer Bureau is carried out by the managing partner, unless otherwise stated in the partnership agreement. The agreement on rendering of a legal aid with the principal is the managing partner or other partner on behalf of all partners on the basis of warrants issued by them. Powers of Attorney all restrictions are specified in the competence of the partner concluding the agreement and deal with the principals and the third parties. These restrictions are brought to the attention of principals and the third parties.
6. The partnership agreement is terminated on the following grounds: 1) expiration of the partner contract;
2) termination or suspension of the status of the lawyer, one of the partners, if the partnership agreement does not stipulate the preservation of the Treaty in the relations between the other partners;

3) termination of the partnership agreement at the request of one of the partners, if the partnership agreement does not stipulate the preservation of the Treaty in the relations between the remaining partners.
7. Since the termination of the partner contract his participants bear joint and several liability under the not executed General obligations concerning principals and the third parties.
8. when leaving the partnership agreement of one of the partners, it is obliged to transfer managing partner manufacture in all cases on which rendered a legal aid.
9. counsel, released from the partner contract, answers before principals and the third parties under the General obligations which have arisen during his participation in the partner contract.
10. Nothing in the provisions of this section shall be construed as limiting the independence of counsel in the performance of orders of the principal, as well as his personal professional responsibility before the final.
11. The firm cannot be converted to a commercial organization, or any other non-profit organization, except in the case of conversion of a lawyer Bureau in bar.
12. After the termination of the partner contract lawyers have the right to conclude a new partnership agreement. If the new partner contract is not concluded within one month from the day of expiry of the previous partnership agreement, the firm is liable to converted to bar or liquidation. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) from the moment of the termination of the partner contract and up to the moment of transformation of a lawyer Bureau in bar or the new partner contract lawyers have no right to conclude the agreement on rendering of a legal aid.
Article 24. Legal advice 1. If in one judicial district, the total number of lawyers in all lawyer entities located on the territory of this judicial district, is less than two to one federal judge, Member of the Executive authority on presentation of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation establishes the legal advice. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
2. Legal advice is a non-profit organization. The creation, reorganization, transformation, disposal and legal advice activities are regulated by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the Federal law "on noncommercial organizations" and the present Federal law. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 268-FZ)
3. presentation of the Executive authority of the Russian Federation on the establishment of a legal advice should include: 1) of the judicial district in which you want to create legal advice;
2) on the number of judges in this judicial district;
3) required in this judicial district lawyers;
4) on logistical and financial support of legal advice, including legal advice provided indoors, on organizational and technical means, transferred legal advice, as well as the sources of funding and on the amount of funds allocated to pay lawyers, assigned to legal advice. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)
4. After consultation with the Executive authority of the Russian Federation the conditions contemplated in subparagraph 4 of paragraph 3 of this article, the Council of lawyer Chamber shall decide on the establishment of a legal advice, lawyers, approves nominations for assigned to legal advice, and send by registered mail a notice of establishment of legal advice in the Executive authority of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)

5. Advice of lawyer Chamber approves, in accordance with which the lawyers sent to work for legal advice. When this Council of lawyer Chamber can be a payment of lawyers engaged in professional activities in legal advice, additional compensation expense of lawyer Chamber. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ), Article 25. The agreement on rendering of a legal aid 1. Legal activity is carried out on the basis of an agreement between the lawyer and the principal.
2. the agreement is a legal contract in the simple written form between the principal and the Attorney (lawyers), for legal aid or trusting himself to his face. (Repealed-the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) (Repealed-the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ), termination of the agreement on rendering of a legal aid is governed by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation with the exceptions provided for in this federal law.
3. counsel regardless of regional register made it, shall have the right to conclude an agreement with the principal, regardless of place of residence or the location of the latter.
4. The essential terms of the agreement are:

1) reference to a lawyer (counsel), accepted (acceptances), execution of the orders as an attorney (attorneys) and its (their) belonging to the education and Bar Association;
2 orders);
3) the conditions and the level of principal remuneration for legal aid or an indication that legal assistance is provided free of charge in accordance with the principal federal law on free legal aid in the Russian Federation "; (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 326-FZ) 4) order and the amount of compensation for the costs of a lawyer (counsel), associated with the execution of the order, except when legal assistance is provided free of charge in accordance with the principal federal law on free legal aid in the Russian Federation; (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 326-FZ) 5) the size and nature of the responsibility of a lawyer (counsel), accepted (acceptances), execution of the order.
5. the right to counsel for remuneration and reimbursement of expenses related to the execution of the order may not be transferred to third parties without the express consent of the principal.
6. remuneration payable to the lawyer and the principal (or) compensation lawyer costs associated with execution of the order shall be entered in the corresponding legal formation cashier or bank transfer to the account of the legal formation in the manner and at times prescribed by the agreement.
7. due to the resulting remuneration counsel conducts professional expenses: (as amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 1) common needs of the lawyer's Chamber in the amount and pursuant to the procedure determined by the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers;
2) contents of the corresponding legal formation;
3) professional liability insurance;
4) other costs associated with the implementation of legal activity.
8. Labor lawyer involved as an advocate in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or the Court, to be paid from the federal budget. These costs are recorded in the Federal law on the federal budget for the next year in the respective target expenditure. (As amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) size and procedure remuneration of counsel engaged as defence counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities, the Procurator or the Court shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
9. Logistical and financial support for legal aid in remote and sparsely populated areas is a spending commitment of the Russian Federation.
(Second paragraph repealed Federal Act of 21 N 326-FZ)

(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) 10. The amount of additional compensation expense of lawyer Chamber counsel engaged as defence counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court or as a representative of the civil proceedings for the appointment of the Court, and his lawyer, providing legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge in accordance with the Federal law on free legal aid in the Russian Federation, and the payment of such additional remuneration shall be fixed annually by the Council of lawyer Chamber. (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 326-FZ) Article 26. Providing legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free 1. Lawyers provide legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge in accordance with the Federal law on free legal aid in the Russian Federation ".
2. remuneration of lawyers providing legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation in the framework of the State system of free legal aid and compensation for their expenses are spending commitment of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 21 N 326-FZ), Article 27. Assistant Counsel 1. The lawyer has the right to have assistants. Assistants to counsel may be the persons having higher, uncompleted higher or secondary education in law, with the exception of those referred to in paragraph 2 of article 9 hereof.
2. Assistant legal counsel is not entitled to practice law.
3. Assistant Attorney must keep advocate secrecy.
4. Assistant legal counsel shall be employed on contract terms with the entity, and if the lawyer carries out its activities in a lawyer study, a lawyer, which are relative to the individual employers. Law education has the right to conclude a fixed-term employment contract with a person that provides one lawyer at the time of the last of his career in this status. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)

5. social insurance law implemented paralegal education, which is, and if the lawyer carries out its activities in a lawyer study, a lawyer, in a lawyer study Assistant is working.
Article 28. Trainee lawyer 1. The lawyer, who has organized an advocate's experience-not less than five years may have interns. Trainee lawyer may be persons having the higher juridical education, with the exception of those referred to in paragraph 2 of article 9 hereof. The internship period from one year to two years.
2. Trainee lawyer carries out its activities under the guidance of a lawyer having to separate orders. Trainee lawyer does not have the right to engage in advocacy.
3. Trainee lawyer must keep advocate secrecy.
4. An advocate's trainee shall be employed on contract terms with the entity, and if the lawyer carries out its activities in a lawyer study, a lawyer, which are relative to the individual employers.
5. social insurance is performed by trainee law education, intern, and if the lawyer carries out its activities in a lawyer study, a lawyer, in a lawyer study which works intern.
Article 29. Lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation 1. Bar Association is a non-profit organization based on compulsory membership of lawyers of one subject of the Russian Federation.
2. Lawyer chambers operate on the basis of General provisions for organizations of this kind, stipulated by this federal law.
3. the Bar Association has its own name, containing an indication of its organizational and legal form and constituent entity of the Russian Federation on the territory of which it formed.
4. Bar Association is created in order to ensure the provision of legal expertise, its availability to the population throughout the territory of the Russian Federation, an organization of legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation for free, representation and protection of interests of lawyers in the bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government, public associations and other organizations that monitor the training of persons accepted for implementation and compliance lawyers lawyers code of ethics counsel.
5. Bar Association formed constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers.
Bar Association is a legal person, has independent balance, opens the settlement and other accounts in banks in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, and also has a seal, stamps and forms with its name, containing an indication of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation on the territory of which it formed.
6. lawyers shall not be liable for the obligations of lawyer Chamber and Bar Association is not responsible for the obligations of lawyers.
7. Bar Association is subject to state registration, which is carried out on the basis of the decision of the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers and in the manner prescribed by the Federal law on State registration of legal entities.
7-1. Bar Association is not subject to restructuring. Elimination of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation may be carried out on the basis of the Federal Constitutional Act on education in the new subject of the Russian Federation in a way which is set by federal law. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
8. On the territory of the Russian Federation can be formed only one bar association, which does not have the right to form their structural subdivisions, branches and representative offices on the territory of other constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Education, interregional and other interregional lawyer Chambers is not allowed.
9. the decisions of the bodies of lawyer Chamber, adopted within the limits of their competence, are binding on all members of lawyer Chamber.
10. Bar Association does not have the right to carry out advocacy on their behalf, as well as to engage in entrepreneurial activities.
Article 30. Meeting (Conference) of lawyers 1. The supreme body of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation is the meeting of lawyers. If the number of lawyer Chamber exceeds 300 people, the supreme body of lawyer Chamber is a Conference of lawyers. Meeting (Conference) of lawyers shall be convened at least once a year.
Meeting (Conference) of lawyers is considered competent if attended by at least two thirds of the members of lawyer Chambers (delegates).
2. the competence of the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers include:

1) formation of Council of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation, including the election of new members and dismissal of the members of the Council to be replaced, in accordance with the procedure for updating (rotation) of the Council under paragraph 2 of article 31 of this federal law, making decisions about pre-term discharge of the members of the Council, as well as the adoption of decisions of the Council on the termination of the powers of Board members, the status of the lawyer which has been terminated or suspended;
2) election of the members of the auditing Commission and the election of members of the qualifying Commission from among lawyers;
3) the election of a representative or representatives of the all-Russian Congress of the Association (hereinafter also referred to as the meeting);
4) determining the size of obligatory deductions of lawyers on the common needs of lawyer Chamber;
5) approval of the cost estimates for the maintenance of lawyer Chamber;
6) adoption of the report of the Audit Commission on the results of the audit of financial-economic activities of lawyer Chamber;
7) approval of annual reports of the Council, including on the performance of the cost estimates for the maintenance of lawyer Chamber;
8) adoption of the rules of meeting (Conference) of lawyers;
9) identification of the location of the Council;
10) the establishment of trust funds of lawyer Chamber;
11) establishing incentives and liability lawyers in accordance with the code of ethics of a lawyer;
12) adoption of decisions in accordance with this federal law. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

3. decisions of the meeting (Conference) of lawyers shall be taken by a simple majority of votes of the lawyers involved in the meeting (Conference delegates).
Article 31. Council of lawyer Chamber 1. Council of lawyer Chamber is a collegial executive body of lawyer Chamber.
2. the Council shall be elected by the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers by secret ballot in the amount of not more than 15 persons from membership of lawyer Chamber and is subject to renewal (rotation) once every two years by one third. Under the provisions of paragraph 6 of article 41 hereof do not apply.
During the next rotation, the President of lawyer Chamber Council, introduced the members of the Council on disposals, as well as nominations counsel to vacant posts of members of Council of lawyer Chamber. After approval by the Council of lawyer Chamber presented the President nominations are made for consideration by the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers for approval.
If meeting (Conference) of lawyers does not approve the nominees, the President of lawyer Chamber is brought for approval by the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers new candidates only after review and approval by the Council of lawyer Chamber. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

3. the Council of lawyer Chamber: 1) shall elect from among its members the President of lawyer Chamber for four years and on its presentation of one or more Vice Presidents for a period of two years, defines the powers of the President and Vice Presidents. One and the same person cannot hold the Office of President of lawyer Chamber more than two consecutive terms;
2) during the period between meetings (conferences) of lawyers takes decision on the early termination of the term of Office of the members of the Council, the status of the lawyer which terminated or suspended. These decisions are made on the approval of the next meeting (Conference) of lawyers;
3) defines a norm of representation at the Conference and the procedure for the election of delegates;
4) ensures the availability of legal assistance throughout the Russian Federation, including legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge in cases stipulated by this federal law. To this end, the Council takes decisions on the establishment on presentation of the Executive authority of the Russian Federation legal advice and sends lawyers to work for legal advice in the manner prescribed by the Council of lawyer Chamber;
5) defines the procedure for the provision of legal aid attorneys involved in the defence in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court; bring the order to the attention of these bodies, lawyers and monitors his performance of lawyers; (As amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) 6) defines the amount of additional compensation expense of lawyer Chamber counsel providing legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge within the framework of the State system of free legal aid and (or) engaged as defence counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court or as a representative of the civil proceedings for the appointment of the Court and the procedure for payment of additional remuneration; (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 326-FZ) 7) represents a legal ward in the bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government, public associations and other organizations;

8) contributes to the professionalization of the lawyers, including claims training programs for lawyers and trainee lawyers training, organizes professional training for their programs;
9) deals with complaints on actions (inaction) given the conclusion of the lawyers qualification Commission;
10) protects social and professional rights of lawyers;
11) promotes lawyer formations premises;
12) organizes informational support of lawyers, as well as the exchange of experience between them;
13) carries out methodological work;
14) convenes at least once a year meeting (Conference) of lawyers, forms their agenda;
15) assets of lawyer Chamber, in line with estimates, and with the appointment of property;
16) approves the regulations of the Council and the Audit Commission, the staffing of apparatus of lawyer Chamber;
17) determines the remuneration of the President and Vice Presidents, the other members of Council of lawyer Chamber and members of the audit and qualification commissions within the limits approved by the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers cost estimates for the maintenance of lawyer Chamber;
18) maintains a register of lawyer formations and their branches on the territory of the Russian Federation;
19) provides within its competence on request lawyers explanation for possible action by lawyers in a difficult situation regarding ethics, based on the lawyer's code of professional ethics. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

4. In case of failure to advice of lawyer Chamber requirements of this federal law, the powers of the Board may be prematurely terminated in a meeting (Conference) of lawyers. Extraordinary general meeting (Conference) of lawyers shall be convened by the Council at the request of at least half of the members of lawyer Chamber, at the request of the territorial authority of Justice or by a decision of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) in the case of systematic non-performance of the Council of lawyer Chamber of the decisions of the organs of the Federal Chamber of lawyers adopted within the competence of the bodies, including in the case of non-payment of compulsory contributions to the common needs of the Federal Chamber of lawyers for more than six months, the extraordinary general meeting (Conference) of lawyers convened by the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ) in the decision of the Council of the Federal Chamber of lawyers must be specified the reasons for the convening of an extraordinary general meeting (Conference) of lawyers, time and place of the meeting (Conference) of lawyers, representation and the procedure for the election of delegates to the Conference. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)

5. Meetings of the Council are convened by the President of lawyer Chamber as necessary but at least once a month. The meeting is considered competent if not less than two thirds of the present members of the Council.
6. Decisions of the Board are adopted by a simple majority of the members of the Council, participating in his meeting, and are obligatory for all members of lawyer Chamber.
7. The President of lawyer Chamber is the House of law in relations with State authorities, local government bodies, public associations and other organizations, as well as with individuals, acting on behalf of lawyer Chamber without power of Attorney, and issues powers of Attorney concludes transaction on behalf of lawyer Chamber, assets of lawyer Chamber for a Council decision in accordance with the estimates and the appointment of property, provides recruitment and dismissal of employees of the lawyer's Chamber , convenes the Council, ensure implementation of the decisions of the Council and the outcome of the meeting (Conference) of lawyers.
The President of lawyer Chamber initiates disciplinary proceedings against a lawyer or lawyers if there is a valid reason and in the manner prescribed by the code of ethics counsel. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
8. President and Vice Presidents, as well as other Council members could combine work in Council of lawyer Chamber with a lawyer, receiving remuneration for work in the Council in an amount to be determined by the Council of lawyer Chamber. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
9. the Council of lawyer Chamber is not entitled to undertake advocacy on their behalf, as well as to engage in entrepreneurial activities.
Article 32. The Audit Commission 1. In order to exercise control over financial and economic activity of lawyer Chamber and its bodies, the Audit Commission is elected from among the lawyers whose information entered in the regional register of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
2. About the results of its activities, the Audit Commission is accountable to the Assembly (Conference) of lawyers.

3. the members of the Audit Commission can combine work in the Audit Commission with advocacy while receiving remuneration for the Audit Commission in an amount to be determined by the Council of lawyer Chamber. Members of the auditing Commission shall not hold any other elective office in the lawyer's House. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) Article 33. Board 1. The qualification Commission is created for the qualifying examinations for persons applying for assignment to the status of the lawyer, as well as for the consideration of complaints against the actions (inaction) of lawyers.
2. the Board shall be formed for a term of two years in the amount of 13 members of the Commission on the following standards representation: 1) of lawyer Chamber-seven lawyers, including the President of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation. The lawyer-member of the Commission should have experience as an advocate for at least five years; (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) 2) from the territorial authority of Justice-two representatives;
3) legislative (representative) body of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, two representatives. At the same time the representatives may not be deputies, State or municipal employees. The procedure for the election of these representatives and the requirements for it, will be governed by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
4) of the Supreme Court of the Republic, Krai, oblast court, Court of Federal significance, autonomous oblast court and the Court of Justice of the Autonomous Okrug is one judge;
5) from the Court of arbitration of the Russian Federation-one judge.
3. the Chairman of the qualification Commission is the President of lawyer Chamber.
4. the Board shall be deemed to be formed and is competent to take decisions in the presence of at least two-thirds of the members of the qualifying Commission under this paragraph.
5. meetings of the Commission shall be convened by the Chairman of the qualifying Commission as required, but not less than four times per year. The meeting is considered competent if not less than two thirds of the present members of the qualifying Commission.
Decisions taken by the qualification Commission are reflected in the Protocol signed by the Chair and the Secretary. If voting qualification Commission member there is dissenting opinion, different from a decision taken by a majority vote at a meeting of the members of the qualifying Commission, that opinion shall be submitted in writing and attached to the Protocol of the meeting. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
6. decisions of the Commission on the admission exams for persons applying for assignment to the status of the lawyer, by a simple majority of votes of members of the qualifying Commission, participating in its meeting by a vote of registered ballots. Newsletter form is approved by the Federal Chamber of lawyers. Ballot papers, texts of the written replies to the questions of the (testing) are attached to the Protocol of the meeting of the Commission and are stored in the documentation of lawyer Chamber as strict reporting forms for three years. The decision of the Commission declares the applicant immediately after the vote. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
7. Qualification Commission based on the results of consideration by the complaint provide a conclusion on the existence or absence of actions (inaction) of a lawyer breaches of code of ethics counsel, failure or improper performance of their duties.
Conclusion of the Commission was adopted by a simple majority of the members of the qualifying Commission, participating in its meeting by a vote of registered ballots. Newsletter form is approved by the Federal Chamber of lawyers. Counsel for the complainant and the actions (inaction) of a lawyer are entitled to objective and fair consideration by the complaint. These persons have the right to bring complaints of a lawyer of his choice. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
8. lawyers qualification Commission member can combine work in qualification Commission with advocacy while receiving remuneration for work in qualification Commission in an amount to be determined by the Council of lawyer Chamber. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) Article 34. Property lawyer Chamber 1. Property of lawyer Chamber is financed by employer contributions by lawyers on the common needs of lawyer Chamber, grants and charitable donations (donations) from legal and physical persons in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Bar Association is the owner of the property.

2. the costs of common needs of lawyer Chamber costs include the remuneration of lawyers working in the bodies of lawyer Chamber, these lawyers compensation expenses related to their work in these bodies, salaries paid to employees of lawyer Chamber, material support of activity of lawyer Chamber and by the decision of Council of lawyer Chamber-costs for additional compensation lawyers providing legal assistance to citizens of the Russian Federation for free and other costs provided estimates of lawyer Chamber. (As amended by the federal laws on Dec. 20 N 163-FZ of 21 N 326-FZ) Article 35. The Federal Chamber of lawyers of the Russian Federation 1. The Federal Chamber of lawyers of the Russian Federation is a Russian non-governmental non-profit organization uniting lawyer Chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation on the basis of compulsory membership. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
2. Federal Chamber of lawyers as the body of lawyer self-management in the Russian Federation is created for the purpose of representing and defending the interests of lawyers in government bodies, local self-government bodies, coordination of the activities of lawyer Chambers, ensure a high level of legal aid lawyers.
The Federal Chamber of lawyers is an organization mandated to represent the interests of lawyers and lawyer Chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation in a relationship with the Federal State authorities in matters affecting the interests of the lawyer community, including issues related to the allocation of federal funds to pay lawyers, involved in criminal proceedings as the court-appointed defence counsel of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ; changes in the wording of the Federal law on 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) 3. The Federal Bar Association is a legal entity, has a quote, settlement and other accounts in banks in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, seal, stamps and forms with its name.
4. Federal Chamber of lawyers formed the all-Russian Congress of lawyers. The formation of other organizations and bodies, with the functions and powers similar to the functions and powers of the Federal Chamber of lawyers, is not allowed.
5. the Charter of the Federal Chamber of lawyers was adopted by the Russian Congress of lawyers.
6. Federal Chamber of lawyers is subject to state registration in the order established by the Federal law on State registration of legal entities.
6-1. Federal Chamber of lawyers is not subject to restructuring. Elimination of the Federal Chamber of lawyers may be effected only on the basis of the Federal law. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec. 20, 2010 N 163-FZ)
7. the decisions of the Federal Bar Association and its bodies, adopted within the limits of their competence, are mandatory for all of lawyer Chambers and lawyers.
Article 36. All-Russian Congress of lawyers 1. The supreme body of the Federal Chamber of lawyers is the all-Russian Congress of lawyers. The Congress shall be convened at least once every two years. The Congress is considered competent if it is attended by representatives of at least two-thirds of lawyer Chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation.
Lawyer Chambers have equal rights and equal representation in Congress. Each bar association irrespective of the number of its representatives when taking decisions shall have one vote.
2. All-Russian Congress of lawyers: 1) approves the Statute of the Federal Chamber of lawyers and approves the changes and additions;
2) adopts the code of professional ethics counsel, approves the changes and additions;
3) forms the composition of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers, including elects new members and terminate powers of the members of the Council to be replaced, in accordance with the procedure for updating (rotation) of the Council under paragraph 2 of article 37 of this federal law, shall adopt a decision on early termination of Office of the members of the Council, as well as the claims of the Council decision on early termination of the term of Office of the members of the Council, the status of the lawyer which has been terminated or suspended;
4) determines the size of the deduction of lawyer Chambers on the common needs of the Federal Chamber of lawyers according to the number of lawyer Chambers;
5) shall approve the estimate of the cost of the Federal Chamber of lawyers;
6) approve the reports of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers, including on the performance of the cost estimates for the maintenance of the Federal Chamber of lawyers;
7) elect the members of the Audit Commission of the Federal Chamber of lawyers for two years and approves its report about results of financial and economic activities of the Federal Chamber of lawyers;
8) approves the rules of the Congress;
9) specifies the location of the Council of the Federal Chamber of lawyers;
10) exercise any other functions provided for in the Charter of the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (Article in Edition Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ) Article 37. The Federal Chamber of lawyers

1. the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers is a collegial executive body of the Federal Chamber of lawyers.
2. the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers elected by the all-Russian Congress of lawyers by secret ballot in the amount of not more than 30 persons and shall be subject to renewal (rotation) once every two years by one third.
The next rotation of the President of the Federal Chamber of lawyers introduced the Federal Chamber of lawyers Council nominations of Board members to the disposals, as well as nominations counsel to vacant posts of members of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers. After approval by the Federal Chamber of lawyers submitted nominations are introduced by the President of the Congress for approval.
If Congress does not approve the nominees, President of the Federal Chamber of lawyers is making Congress for approval new candidates only after consideration and approval by the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

3. the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers: 1) shall elect from among its members the President of the Federal Chamber of lawyers for four years and on its presentation of one or more Vice-Presidents of the Federal Chamber of lawyers for two years, defines the powers of the President and Vice Presidents. One and the same person cannot hold the Office of President of the Federal Chamber of lawyers for more than two consecutive terms;
2) during the period between congresses shall take decisions on early termination of the term of Office of the members of the Council, the status of the lawyer which terminated or suspended. These decisions are made on the approval of the ordinary Congress;
3) represents the Federal Chamber of lawyers in the bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government, public associations and other Russian organizations and outside the Russian Federation;
4) coordinates the activities of lawyer Chambers, including the provision of legal aid lawyers to citizens of the Russian Federation free of charge within the framework of the State system of free legal aid and their participation as counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court or as a representative of the civil proceedings for the appointment of the Court; (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 326-FZ) 5) contributes to the professionalization of advocates, is developing a uniform methodology for vocational training and retraining of lawyers, paralegals and trainees;
6) protects social and professional rights of lawyers;
7) participates in the conduct of examinations of draft federal laws on issues related to the legal profession;
8) organizes informational support of lawyers;
9) generalizes the disciplinary practice in chambers, and therefore develops the necessary recommendations;
10) carries out methodological work;
11) convenes at least once every two years, the all-Russian Congress of lawyers, forms its agenda;
12) disposes of the property of the Federal Chamber of lawyers in accordance with estimates and the appointment of property;
13) approves rule representation from lawyer chambers at the Congress;
14) Federal Council approves the rules of the Chamber of advocates and staffing of apparatus of the Federal Chamber of lawyers;
15) determines the remuneration of the President and Vice Presidents, the other members of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers, members of the auditing Commission of the Federal Chamber of lawyers within the Congress approved the cost estimates for the maintenance of the Federal Chamber of lawyers;
16) exercise any other functions provided for in the Charter of the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (Editorial, Dec. 20, Federal Law No. 163-FZ)

4. In the event of default by the Federal Chamber of lawyers of requirements of this federal law, the powers of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers may be prematurely terminated at the all-Russian Congress of lawyers. The extraordinary all-Russia Congress of lawyers convened by the Federal Chamber of lawyers at the request of one-third of lawyer Chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation.
5. meetings of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers are convened by the President of the Federal Chamber of lawyers as necessary but at least once every three months. The meeting is considered competent if not less than two thirds of the present members of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
6. Decisions of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers shall be taken by a simple majority of votes of the members of the Federal Chamber of lawyers involved in his meeting.

7. the President of the Federal Chamber of lawyers represents Federal House lawyers in relations with State authorities, local government bodies, public associations and other organizations, as well as with individuals, acting on behalf of the Federal Chamber of lawyers without a warrant, and issues powers of Attorney concludes transaction on behalf of the Federal Bar Association, the Federal Bar Association disposes of the property by a decision of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers in accordance with estimates and with the assignment of property carries out recruitment and dismissal of employees of the Federal Chamber of lawyers of the Federal Council convenes the Chamber of advocates, ensure implementation of the decisions of the Council of the Federal Chamber of lawyers and of the outcome of the all-Russian Congress of lawyers.
8. President and Vice Presidents, as well as other members of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers can combine work in the Council of the Federal Chamber of lawyers with advocacy while receiving remuneration for work in the Council of the Federal Chamber of lawyers in an amount to be determined by the Federal Chamber of lawyers. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ)
9. the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers do not have the right to carry out advocacy on their behalf, as well as to engage in entrepreneurial activities.
Article 38. The property of the Federal Chamber of lawyers 1. The property of the Federal Chamber of lawyers is financed by employer contributions law Chambers, grants and charitable donations (donations) from legal and physical persons in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation. The Federal Chamber of lawyers is the owner of the property.
2. the costs of common needs of the Federal Chamber of lawyers costs include the remuneration of lawyers practising in the Federal Chamber of lawyers, compensation data from lawyers expenses related to their work in these bodies, salaries paid to employees of the Federal Chamber of lawyers and other costs, budgeted Federal Chamber of lawyers. (As amended by the Federal law dated Dec. 20, N 163-FZ) Article 39. Public associations of attorneys have the right to establish public associations of lawyers and (or) be members (participants) of public associations of lawyers in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Lawyers associations shall not be entitled to exercise under this federal law functions of lawyer formations, as well as the function of lawyer Chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation or the Federal Chamber of lawyers or their bodies.
CHAPTER 5. Final and transitional provisions article 40. Conservation status of Attorney 1. Lawyers-members bar associations established in accordance with the legislation of the USSR and RSFSR and operating in the territory of the Russian Federation at the time of the entry into force of this federal law (hereinafter bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law) that meet the requirements of paragraphs 1 and 2 of article 9 hereof, shall retain the status of the lawyer after the entry into force of this federal law without passing a qualifying examination and adoption of the qualifying commissions decisions about awarding the status of the lawyer.
2. Colegio de Abogados, founded before the entry into force of this federal law, within one month from the date of entry into force of this federal law directs to the territorial body of Justice list of its members, signed by the head of the Bar Association and certified its seal. The specified list is sent to the territorial authority of Justice order a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, where members of the Bar Association are registered in tax body as the taxpayers the single social tax. Moscow Oblast and Leningrad oblast Bar Association Bar Association shall send their lists of members of the territorial authority of Justice respectively for the Moscow region and the territorial authority of Justice in Leningrad region regardless of where members of these bar associations are registered with the tax authorities as taxpayers the single social tax.
3. List assigned to a territorial authority of Justice, must contain surname, first names and patronymics of lawyers, the details of which shall be submitted for inclusion in the regional register. The following documents are attached to the list: 1) personal statements of lawyers on making information about them in an appropriate regional registry;
2) copies of the documents certifying the identity of lawyers;
3) questionnaire, containing biographical information about lawyers;
4) copies of the work books or other documents which can prove length of service in the legal profession;
5) copies of the documents certifying higher education or graduate degree in the legal profession;
6) copies of the decisions on admission to the bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law.

4. The territorial authority of Justice organizes the examination of the reliability of the available documents and information. While the territorial authority of Justice may apply, if necessary, the relevant bodies and organizations.
5. After verification of the mentioned documents and information the territorial authority of justice within three months from the date of entry into force of this federal law contributes information on lawyers, referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the regional registry and publishes in regional mass media the lists generated in alphabetical order. Payment information about the lawyer in the regional register may be appealed in court. Before issuing certificates, the lawyers referred to in article 15 of this federal law shall counsel certificates issued before the entry into force of this federal law.
6. Bar Association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, cease admission of new members of the Bar Association no later than July 1, 2002 year. From the date of entry into force of this federal law prior to the date of creation in the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation of the qualification Commission of the Bar Association shall be suspended.
Article 41. Holding constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers 1. Territorial authorities of Justice, together with the bureaux of bar associations formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall organize the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation for a period of five months from the date of entry into force of this federal law.
Constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers formed of lawyers included in the regional register, in accordance with article 40 of this federal law and were members of bar associations formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, on July 1, 2001 year.
2. The bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall elect at its general meeting delegates to the founding Conference of lawyers on the norm of representation determined by the territorial body of Justice together with the bureaux of the data bar.
3. In case if attorneys are registered as taxpayers the unified social tax with the tax authorities of one entity of the Russian Federation, but are members of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, other constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the territorial body of the Justice lawyers as a place of registration of taxpayers shall arrange for such general meeting of lawyers in which they elect delegates to the founding Conference of lawyers. The rule representation for such attorneys shall be determined by the organizers of the inaugural conference of lawyers of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
4. the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers are considered eligible if they attended at least two thirds of the lawyers (delegates). Constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers shall elect three delegate at the first all-Russian Congress of lawyers.
5. the opening of the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers is entrusted to the oldest age lawyer involved in this meeting (Conference). For the conduct of meetings of lawyers participating in the meeting (Conference delegates) elect the Presidium.
6. The decision of the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers shall be taken by a simple majority of votes of the lawyers involved in this meeting (Conference delegates). The organizers of the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers may establish the procedure for the nomination of candidates to the bodies of lawyer Chamber, taking into account the need for representation in the executive body of lawyer Chamber from various bar associations formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, proportional to the number of their members.
7. the composition of the bodies of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation and the Federal Chamber of lawyers may be elected by lawyers who are not members of the constituent Assembly (Conference) of lawyers.
Article 42. Implementation of the first all-Russian Congress of lawyers 1. The Federal judicial authority together with law Chambers organizes the first all-Russian Congress of lawyers within seven months from the date of entry into force of this federal law.
2. First Congress of lawyers is considered qualified if attended by at least two-thirds of the delegates of the Congress.
3. Opening of the first all-Russian Congress of lawyers is entrusted to the oldest age a lawyer participating in the Congress. For the conduct of meetings of the delegates to the Congress shall elect a Bureau.
4. Decisions of the first all-Russian Congress of lawyers shall be taken by a simple majority of votes of the delegates of the Congress.
5. the composition of the bodies of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation and the Federal Chamber of lawyers lawyers may be elected, are not the first all-Russian Congress of delegates.
Article 43. Aligning organizational-legal forms of bar associations formed prior to the entry into force of

into force of this federal law, in accordance with this federal law 1. Aligning organizational-legal forms of bar associations formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, in accordance with this federal law shall be carried out in the manner prescribed by this article.
2. After you register of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation of the Bar Association and other legal education, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall not be entitled to exercise under this federal law functions of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation and the Federal Chamber of lawyers or their bodies, with the exception of the functions referred to in article 44 hereof.
3. within six months from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber of the subject of the Russian Federation of the Bar Association and other legal education, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall be obliged to bring their organizational-legal form in accordance with this federal law.
4. alignment of organizational-legal forms, and other bar associations lawyer formations, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, based on membership and meet the featured nonprofit organization, in accordance with this federal law shall be by decision of the general meeting of the relevant legal formation through its reorganization (selection, separation, transformation) in one or more of lawyer formations of organizational-legal forms stipulated by this federal law.
5. Monitoring of compliance with the law when carrying out restructuring and other bar associations lawyer formations, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, carry out territorial courts.
6. This federal law recognizes the right of lawyers working in legal advice, to claim its discharge from the bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, with the transformation of the legal advice in the non-profit organization one of the legal forms provided for in this federal law. Decision on the allocation of legal advice, turning it into the Bar Association shall be taken by the simple majority of rescheduling the whole lawyers working in the relevant legal advice on registration day of lawyer Chamber. The right to become the founders (members) of the newly emerging Bar Association belongs to all lawyers working in appropriate legal advice on registration day of lawyer Chamber, including those not involved in the bringing of a claim about the selection.
Decision on the allocation of legal advice, turning it into a law office decided by a two-thirds majority from the list the whole lawyers working in the relevant legal advice on registration day of lawyer Chamber. When the founders (members) of a lawyer Bureau re-emerging only lawyers who have become partnership agreement.
7. the decision on the allocation of legal advice lawyers from the bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall be sent within two months from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber the certified mail in the Presidium of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, as well as to the respective territorial Office of Justice. The solution addresses the General Assembly of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, within four months from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber.
8. the rights and obligations of the Corporation of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall pass to the newly arising legal person in accordance with the separation balance sheet. When the newly arising legal person transferred property in kind and property rights, formerly in use of appropriate legal advice.
9. This federal law recognizes the right of attorneys working in a law firm, an institution of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, the transfer of ownership of the property specified institutions with subsequent coercion of the organizational-legal form of the entity in accordance with this federal law. Decide on presentation of requirements on the transfer of property rights was adopted two thirds of the list the whole lawyers working in the relevant law Office on the day of registration of lawyer Chamber.

10. a request for the transfer of ownership must be sent within two months from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber the certified mail in the Presidium of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, as well as to the respective territorial Office of Justice. The resulting requirement should be considered by the General Assembly of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, the five-month period from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber.
11. As a result of the requirements of paragraphs 6 and 9 of this article, Colegio de Abogados, founded before the entry into force of this federal law passes in accordance with the transfer document ownership of the property or property law office legal advice lawyers working in the relevant Bureau or consult, in equal shares, subject to the formation of these shares of an undivided Fund emerging bar association or law office.
12. lawyers, remaining composed of bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, after satisfaction of the claims referred to in article 13, paragraphs 6 and 9 of this article, may decide to transform the (Division) bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law in one or more of lawyer formations of organizational-legal forms stipulated by this federal law.
13. the Division bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, two or more Attorney education is carried out at the request of not less than one half of the lawyers are members of the Bar Association of the Corporation, remaining composed the Bar Association after satisfaction of the claims referred to in article 13, paragraphs 6 and 9 of this article. The rights and obligations of the Corporation of the Bar Association shall pass to the newly arising as a result of the dissolution of legal persons in accordance with the separation balance sheet. Distribution of rights and obligations of the Corporation of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, between the newly arising legal persons is carried out in proportion to the number of lawyers are members of the newly arising legal persons. Legal persons arising from the separation bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall not have the right to use the name and symbols of the reorganized Board of attorneys.
14. the requirement of separation bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, two or more lawyers ' education shall be directed to the five-month period from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber the certified mail in the Presidium of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, as well as to the respective territorial Office of Justice. The resulting requirement should be considered by the General Assembly of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, within six months from the date of registration of lawyer Chamber.
15. the transformation of the bar association or other legal formation, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, one of the legal forms provided for in this federal law, shall be by decision of the general meeting, by a majority of the members of the corresponding legal formation. When the rights and obligations of the reorganized Board of lawyers or other legal formation shall pass to the newly emerged the bar association or the Bureau, in accordance with the transfer document.
16. The Bar Association and law offices, again resulting in the reorganization are the successors to the bar associations and other types of lawyer formations, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, in accordance with the transfer Act or separation balance sheet.
17. From the date of entry into force of this federal law, the Bar Association and other legal education, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall not have the right to transfer its membership and transfer of property between legal advice, law offices, as well as alienate the property bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, other than in the manner prescribed by this article.

18. If within three months from the date of receipt of the requirements set forth in paragraphs 6, 9 and 13 of this article, the General Assembly of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, does not approve the Division balance sheet or deed as well as in case of failure the specified by the Bar Association in the 45-day period from the date of entry into force of this federal law lists its member attorneys attachment of necessary documents referred to in article 40 of this federal law, the territorial authority of Justice, the Court of arbitration at the suit of the respective territorial authority of Justice appoints the external Manager specified by the Bar Association and instructs him to implement their restructuring.
19. Since the appointment of an external Manager to it assumes all powers for the management of the Bar Association, which was formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law subject to reorganization.
20. The insolvency administrator spoke on behalf of the Corporation of the College of lawyers in the Court is the Division balance sheet or transfer document and sends it to the Court together with the founding documents arising from the reorganization of legal entities. Approval by the Court of arbitration of these instruments is the basis for the State registration of the newly arising legal persons.
21. the State registration of legal persons arising from the cast and other bar associations lawyer formations, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, in accordance with this federal law, shall be carried out in the manner prescribed by the Federal law on State registration of legal entities.
22. the authorities conducting State registration of legal entities, shall be submitted to the notary certified copies of the following documents: 1) the decision regarding reorganisation;
2) Division balance sheet or deed;
3) constituent documents emerging legal entities;
4) documents confirming the fact of making information about lawyers-founders in the regional register.
23. restructuring and other bar associations lawyer formations, formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law, regulations on the reorganization of legal persons established by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and the Federal law "on noncommercial organizations", if they do not contradict this article.
Article 44. Citizens of the Russian Federation to ensure the provision of legal assistance, free legal aid, as well as by appointment 1. All lawyer Chambers in 20 days from the date of their registration are required to take decisions related to the procedure of rendering of citizens of the Russian Federation legal assistance free of charge, as well as with the procedure for participation of lawyers as defence counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court. (As amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ)
2. before the adoption of those decisions by Chambers responsible for providing citizens of the Russian Federation legal assistance free of charge, as well as for the involvement of lawyers as defence counsel in criminal proceedings for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court bear bar association formed prior to the entry into force of this federal law. (As amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) Article 45. The entry into force of this federal law 1. This federal law shall enter into force from July 1, 2002 onwards, with the exception of subparagraph 6 of paragraph 1 of article 7 of this federal law, which comes into force from January 1, 2007 year.
2. From the date of entry into force of this federal law: 1) admit not operating on the territory of the Russian Federation Act of the USSR dated November 30, 1979 N 1165-x "on the legal profession in the USSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1979, no. 49, p. 846);
2) void: the law of the RSFSR on November 20, 1980 year approving the regulations on the legal profession of the RSFSR "(Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1980, no. 48, item 1596);
resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR from July 8, 1991 N 1560-I "on measures for the social protection of citizens engaged in the practice of law in colleges of lawyers of the RSFSR in conditions of transition economy to market relations" (records of the RSFSR Congress of people's deputies and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1991, no. 28, p. 977).
3. pending the entry into force of subparagraph 6 of paragraph 1 of article 7 of this federal law, the lawyer is entitled to exercise their professional risk insurance liability. While the premiums payable under the insurance contract, the insurer's counsel refer to tools, otchisljaemym lawyer, in accordance with paragraph 7 of article 25 hereof.
4. prior to the establishment of the Council of the Federal Chamber of lawyers of Councils of lawyer Chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation shall have the following powers of the Board of the Federal Chamber of lawyers: 1) the development and adoption of the provisional regulations on the procedure for the delivery of a qualification examination and estimation of knowledge of applicants, as well as of the list of issues proposed by the applicants;

2) adoption forms ballots as provided in paragraphs 6 and 7 of article 33 hereof.
5. invite the President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative acts in compliance with this federal law.
The President of the Russian Federation v. Putin in Moscow, the Kremlin May 31, 2002 N 63-FZ