On Counteracting Extremist Activities

Original Language Title: О противодействии экстремистской деятельности

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On counteracting extremist activities adopted by the State Duma on June 27, 2002 Approved by the Federation Council on 10 July 2002 (In the version of federal laws of July 27, 2006) N 148-FZ; dated 27.07.2006 N 153-FZ; of 10.05.2007 N 71-FZ; of 24.07.2007 N 211-FZ; dated 29.04.2008 N 54-FZ; of 25.12.2012 N 255-FZ; dated 02.07.2013. N 185-FZ; dated 28.06.2014 N 179-FZ; dated 21.07.2014. N 236-FZ; 31.12.2014) N 505-FZ; dated 08.03.2015 N 23-FZ; of 23.11.2015 In order to protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the foundations of the constitutional order, ensuring the integrity and security of the Russian Federation are defined by legal and The institutional framework for countering extremist activities is established with responsibility for its implementation. Article 1: Key concepts For the purposes of this Federal Act, the following basic concepts apply: 1) extremist activity (extremism): The constitutional order and violation of the integrity of the Russian Federation; public justification of terrorism and other terrorist activities; inciting social, racial, ethnic or religious strife; promoting exclusivity, superiority or inferiority on the basis of his social, racial, national, religious or linguistic affiliation or attitude to religion; violation of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of a person and a citizen, depending on his or her social, racial, national, religious or linguistic affiliation or attitude to religion; obstruction of the exercise by citizens of their voting rights and the right to participate in a referendum or violation of the secrecy of the vote, connected with violence or threat thereof application; obstruction of lawful activities State bodies, local authorities, election commissions, public and religious associations or other organizations connected to violence or threat thereof; In the paragraph "e" of part one of article 63 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation; Propagation and public demonstration of Nazi parapubotics or symbols or symbols or symbols akin to Nazi paraputritics or symbols. the degree of mixing, or public demonstration of the attributes or symbols of extremist organizations; (In the wording of Federal Law of 25.12.2012) N 255-FZ) public calls for the conduct of such acts or mass distribution of extremist materials, as well as their manufacture or possession for the purpose of mass distribution; A false accusation by a person who replaces a State position of the Russian Federation or a State position of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation in the performance of his or her official duties in the acts referred to in this article; and which are a crime; organization and preparation of these and incitement to implement them; Financing of those acts or other assistance in their organization, preparation and implementation, including through the provision of training, printing and logistical support Databases, telephone and other types of communication or the provision of information services; (Paragraph in the wording of Federal Law of 24.07.2007) (N 211-FZ) (2) an extremist organization-a public or religious association or other organization in respect of which a court decision has entered into force on the grounds provided for by this Federal Law. on the elimination or prohibition of activities in connection with extremist activities; 3) extremist materials-documents intended for publication or information on other media calling for implementation Extremist activities, or justifying or justifies The need to carry out such activities, including the work of the leaders of the National Socialist Workers ' Party of Germany, the Italian Fascist Party, publications justifying national and (or) racial superiority or justifying the practice of committing military or other crimes aimed at the complete or partial destruction of an ethnic, social, racial, national or religious group; 4) the symbolism of the extremist organization, the description of which is contained in the constituent documents of the organization for which, on the grounds provided for by this Federal Law, the court has adopted a decision to eliminate or prohibit activities in connection with the implementation of the Convention. Extremist activities. (The paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 25.12.2012). 255-FZ) (In the wording of the Federal Law of July 21, 2014). N 236-FZ) N 148-FZ) Article 2. Basic principles of counter-extremism extremism countering extremist activity is based on the following principles: recognition, compliance and Protection of human and civil rights and freedoms, as well as the legitimate interests of organizations; legality; transparency; priority of ensuring the security of the Russian Federation; Prevention of extremist activity; State cooperation with public and religious associations, other organizations, citizens in countering extremist activities; inevitability of punishment for carrying out extremist activities. Article 3. The main thrust of counter-extremism counteracting extremist activities is carried out in the following main directions: taking preventive measures aimed at Prevention of extremist activities, including the identification and subsequent elimination of the causes and conditions conducive to extremist activities; identification, prevention and suppression of extremist activities religious associations and other organizations, Individuals. Article 3-1. The specifics of the application of the law Russian Federation to counter extremist activities in relation to religious texts Bible, Quran, Tanya and Gangyur content and citations from them cannot be recognized as extremist materials. The Article is supplemented by the Federal Law of 23 November 2015. N 314-FZ Article 4. The organizational foundations of counter extremism President of the Russian Federation: defines the main directions of the state policy in the field of counteraction " Extremist activities; establishes the competence of the federal executive authorities, whose leadership it operates, to counter extremist activities. The Government of the Russian Federation: defines the competence of the federal executive authorities whose leadership it operates in the field of countering extremist activities; organizes the development and implementation of measures to prevent extremist activities, minimize and/or eliminate the consequences of its manifestations; organizes the activities of federal executive authorities to counter extremist activities by the necessary forces, and resources. The federal executive authorities, the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local self-government bodies are involved in countering extremist activities within their respective spheres of competence. In order to coordinate the activities of the federal executive authorities, the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local self-government bodies to counter extremist activities by decision The President of the Russian Federation may form bodies composed of representatives of federal bodies of state power, State bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local authorities and other persons. In order to implement the decisions of these bodies, acts (joint acts) of the said bodies, representatives of which are members of the relevant body. (Article in the wording of the Federal Law dated 28 June 2014. N 179-FZ) Article 5. In order to counter extremist activity, federal bodies of state power, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local self-government bodies within Preventive measures, including educational, awareness-raising and measures aimed at preventing extremist activities, are being implemented as a matter of priority. Article 6. Declaration of a warning against extremist activity Where there are sufficient and preliminary indications of imminent illegal actions containing signs of extremist activity. In the absence of a criminal offence, the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation or his deputy or his subordinate, or his deputy, directs the head of the public or religious association or the leader of another organization, and other relevant persons to be warned in writing of the inadmissibility of such activities, specifying the specific grounds for the declaration of caution. In the event of failure to comply with the requirements set out in the warning, the person to whom the warning has been issued may be held liable in due course. Caution may be appealed to the court in due course. Article 7. Alerating a warning to a public or a religious association or other organization that is not allowed to carry out extremist activity In the event of the identification of facts proving that there is a presence in their activities, including at least one of their regional or other structural units, signs of extremism, a written warning shall be issued. in the form of non-admissibility of such activities The grounds for the warning, including those of violations. In the event that it is possible to take corrective action, the warning shall also set a time limit of at least two months from the date of the warning. A warning to a public or religious association or other organization is made by the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation or subordinate to him by the appropriate prosecutor. A warning to a public or religious association may also be issued by the federal executive branch of the, which performs functions in the sphere of State registration of non-profit organizations and of public associations. Associations and religious organizations (hereinafter referred to as the federal State registration authority), or its respective territorial body. (In the wording of Federal Law of 29.04.2008) N 54-FZ The warning can be appealed to the court in due course. In the event that a warning has not been appealed to a court in accordance with the established procedure or is not recognized by the court as illegal, and if the relevant public or religious association or another is not prescribed by the time specified in the warning. The organization or its regional or other structural unit has not eliminated the irregularities that gave rise to the warning, or if new facts were discovered within a period of twelve months from the date of the warning, indicate that there are signs of extremism in their activities, The relevant public or religious association established by this Federal Act is subject to liquidation, and the activity of a public or religious association other than a legal entity is subject to ban. Article 8. Warning against the proliferation of extremist materials through the media activity activities If distributed through the tool Mass information of extremist materials or the identification of facts proving the existence of signs of extremism in his activity, founder and (or) editorial office (editor-general) of this mass media by the authority that has carried out the registration of this mass media The information provided by the Federal Executive in the press, broadcasting and mass communications, or by the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation or his subordinate prosecutor, issued a warning Written information on the inadmissibility of such acts or activities specifying the specific grounds for the issuance of a warning, including violations. In the event that it is possible to take corrective action, the warning shall also set a time limit of at least ten days from the date of the warning. The warning can be appealed to a court in due course. In the event that a warning has not been appealed to a court in the prescribed manner or is not recognized by the court as unlawful, and if the prescribed period of prevention fails to take action to remedy the violations that have occurred, to issue a warning, or if, within twelve months from the date of the warning, new evidence of signs of extremism in the media has been identified, activities The relevant media shall be terminated in accordance with the This is a federal law. Article 9. The responsibility of public and religious associations, other organizations for carrying out extremist activities In the Russian Federation, the establishment and activities of public and religious groups are prohibited. Associations or other organizations whose aims or actions are intended to carry out extremist activities. In the case provided for under article 7, paragraph 4, of this Federal Act, or in the case of a public or religious association, by a different organization, or by a regional or other structural unit "Violation of human and civil rights and freedoms, causing harm to the person, health of citizens, the environment, public order, public safety, property, and legitimate economic interests," he said. physical and/or legal persons, society and the State or which creates a real risk of such harm, the relevant public or religious association or other organization may be dissolved and the activity of a public or religious association that is not A legal person may be prohibited by a court decision on the basis of a statement by the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation or a subordinate prosecutor. According to the reasons stated in Part Two of this article, a public or religious association may be dissolved and the activity of a public or religious association which is not a legal person may be prohibited by The court also decides on the basis of a declaration by a federal state registration authority or its relevant territorial authority. (In the wording of Federal Law of 29.04.2008) N 54-FZ) If the court decides on the grounds provided for by this Federal Law, the decisions on the liquidation of a public or religious association are also subject to regional and other structural units liquidation. The remaining property of a public or religious association or other organization, which is disposed of by the grounds provided for by this Federal Law, shall be subject to the application of the property, after satisfying the creditors ' claims of the Russian Federation. The decision to apply the property to the property of the Russian Federation shall be decided by the court at the same time as the decision on the liquidation of a public or religious association or other organization. List of public and religious associations, other organizations in respect of which the court has adopted a final decision on the liquidation or prohibition of activities on the grounds provided for by the present The federal law and the description of the symbols of these associations are to be placed on the Internet Information and Telecommunications Network on the websites of the federal executive authorities exercising functions in the sphere of registration associations and religious associations and other organizations. The list should also be published in the official periodics defined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part added-Federal Act of 24 July 2007. N 211-FZ) (In the wording of the federal laws of 28 June 2014). N 179-FZ; dated 21.07.2014. N 236-FZ) Article 10. Suspension of activities of a public or a religious association In case of public or religious association of extremist activities resulting in violation of human rights and freedoms, and citizen, causing harm to the person, to the health of citizens, to the environment, to public order, to public safety, to property, to the legitimate economic interests of natural and (or) legal persons, to the public and to the State or to creating real The threat of such harm, the official concerned or The authority from the moment of their application to the court on the grounds provided for in article 9 of this Federal Act, with the declaration of the abolition of a public or religious association or the prohibition of its activities, has the right to suspend its decision The activities of a public or religious association prior to the consideration by the court of the said declaration. The decision to suspend the activity of a public or religious association pending consideration by the court of an application for its liquidation or prohibition of its activities may be appealed to the court in accordance with the established procedure. If the activity of a public or religious association is suspended, the rights of public or religious association, its regional and other structural units as founders of the mass media are suspended It is prohibited to use state and municipal media, organize and hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches, pickets and other mass events or public events, and participate in elections and referenda, to use bank deposits, for Exclusions of their use for the calculation of their economic activities, compensation for damages (damage), payment of taxes, fees or fines, and calculation of employment contracts. If the court does not grant an application for the elimination of a public or religious association or a ban on its activities, the association will resume its activities after the court's decision comes into force. The suspension of activities of political parties shall be carried out in the manner prescribed by the Federal Law. " About political parties". List of public and religious associations suspended due to of the Convention on the Rights of the Sea, and on the rights and freedoms of others, as well as of the Convention on the Rights of the associations. The list should also be published in the official periodics defined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 24.07.2007. In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 179-FZ) Article 11. The responsibility of the media for the dissemination of extremist materials and extremist activities The Russian Federation prohibits dissemination through the mass media. of extremist materials and their extremist activities. In the case provided for under article 8, paragraph 3, of this Federal Act, or in the case of the mass media carrying out extremist activities, resulting in the violation of human and civil rights and freedoms, causing harm to the person, to the health of citizens, to the environment, to public order, to public safety, to property, to the legitimate economic interests of natural and (or) legal persons, to society and to the State, or creating a real threat in the cause of such harm, the activities of the The information may be terminated by a court order on the basis of a declaration made by the authorized State authority responsible for the registration of the media or a federal executive body in the press, of the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation or of the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation. In order to prevent the spread of extremist materials, the court may suspend the implementation of the relevant issue number or the circulation of audio or video recordings of the program or the release of the corresponding body, Radio or video programmes in the manner prescribed for the action to be taken. The court's decision is the basis for the seizure of the unsold part of the production of the media containing material of an extremist nature from storage, wholesale and retail trade. Article 12. Preventing the use of public communications networks activities The use of public communications networks to carry out extremist activities is prohibited. If the public communications network is used to carry out extremist activities, the measures provided for in this Federal Law shall apply, taking into account the characteristics of the relations governed by the law. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 13. Responsibility for the distribution of extremist materialsmaterials The Russian Federation prohibits the dissemination of extremist materials, as well as their production or storage for purposes distribution. In the cases provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation, the production, possession or distribution of extremist materials is an offence and entails liability. Information materials are recognized by the federal courts at the place where they are discovered, distributed or found by the organization that has produced such material, on the basis of a statement made by the prosecutor or at the time of the proceedings. the case of an administrative offence, civil, administrative or criminal case. (...) (...) N 23-FZ) At the same time, the decision on the recognition of information materials by an extremist court decides on their confiscation. A copy of the decision on the recognition of information materials that has entered into force is sent by the court within three days to the federal state registration authority. The Federal State Registration Authority, on the basis of a court decision on the recognition of information material by extremist groups, submits them to the federal list of extremist materials for thirty days. The Federal Register of Extremist Materials is established by the Federal State Registration Authority. The Federal List of Extremist Materials is to be placed on the Internet Information and Telecommunications Network on the official website of the federal state registration authority. The list is also to be published in the media in the prescribed manner. (Article in the wording of Federal Law dated 28 June 2014. N 179-FZ) Article 14. The responsibility of officials, state and municipal employees for carrying out their extremist activity . The municipal service, the necessity, the admissibility, the possibility or the desirability of carrying out extremist activities made in public or in the line of duty, or an indication of the position held, as well as the lack of acceptance by an officer in accordance with his or her competence " Extremist activities are punishable under the law of the Russian Federation. The relevant State authorities and superior officials shall immediately take the necessary steps to hold the perpetrators of the acts referred to in paragraph 1 of this article accountable. Article 15. The responsibility of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and stateless persons for the extremist activities For carrying out extremist activities, citizens of the Russian Federation, Foreign citizens and stateless persons have criminal, administrative and civil liability in accordance with the procedure established by the law of the Russian Federation. In order to ensure public and public safety on the grounds and in the manner prescribed by the federal law, a person who has participated in the exercise of extremist activities may be restricted by a court decision Access to public and municipal services, military service under contract and law enforcement services, as well as work in educational organizations and private detective and security activities. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 2 July 2013) N 185-FZ) In the event that a leader or member of a governing body of a public or religious organization or other organization makes a public statement calling for extremist activities without indication that this is his personal opinion and, in the case of the entry into force of a court sentence for an extremist crime, the relevant public or religious association or other organization is required to do so. 5 days from the date on which the statement was made, publicly To dissociate himself from the statements or actions of such a person. If the relevant public or religious association or other organization of such a public statement fails to do so, it may be seen as evidence of signs of extremism in their activities. Author of printed, audio, audio-visual and other materials (works) intended for public use and containing at least one of the grounds provided for in article 1 of this Federal Law, is recognized by the person who carried out extremist activities and is liable in accordance with the procedure established by the law of the Russian Federation. (Part added is the Federal Law of July 27, 2006. N 148-FZ) A person who previously served as the executive or member of the governing body of a public or religious association or other organization for which the present By Federal Act or the Federal Act of 6 March 2006, N 35-FZ "On counteracting terrorism", the court adopted a final decision on the elimination or prohibition of activities in the cases provided for by Russian law. The Federation may not be the founder of a public or religious organization Associations or other non-profit organizations for a period of 10 years from the date of the entry into force of the relevant court decision. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 31.12.2014). N 505-FZ) Article 16. The prevention of extremist activity in the conduct of mass actions The holding of meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches and pickets is not allowed to carry out extremist activities. The organizers of the mass actions are responsible for observing the requirements established by the legislation of the Russian Federation concerning the order of mass actions, preventing the carrying out of extremist activities, as well as its activities. in a timely and timely response. The organizers of the mass action are warned about this responsibility in writing by the internal affairs agencies of the Russian Federation. Members of mass actions are prohibited from carrying weapons (except where the carrying of cool weapons is a belonging to a national costume), as well as objects specially manufactured or adapted for causing harm to the health of citizens or material damage to natural and legal persons. " In the event of mass protests, it is not possible to attract extremist organizations for participation in them, use their symbols or parapes, as well as the spread of extremist materials. In the event that the circumstances referred to in Part Three of this article are discovered, the organizers of the mass action or other persons responsible for its conduct are obliged to take immediate steps to remedy the violations. Non-compliance with this obligation entails the termination of the mass action at the request of the representatives of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation and the responsibility of its organizers on the grounds and in the manner provided for by the law. of the Russian Federation. Article 17. International cooperation in the field of combating extremism In the territory of the Russian Federation, activities of public and religious associations, other non-commercial organizations of foreign states and their activities are prohibited. The activities of which are recognized as extremist under international legal instruments and federal law. Banning the activities of a foreign not-for-profit non-governmental organization incurs: (a) the cancellation of State accreditation and registration in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation; (b) Prohibition of stay in the territory of the Russian Federation of foreign citizens and stateless persons as representatives of the organization; (b) prohibition of any economic or other activity in the territory of the Russian Federation Russian Federation; g) ban on publication in mass media Information on any material on behalf of a banned organization; (d) Prohibited the distribution in the territory of the Russian Federation of the materials of the banned organization, as well as other information products containing the materials of the organization; e) prohibition of any mass action and public events, as well as participation in public events and public events as the representative of the banned organization (or its official representatives); g) prohibition of Establishment of its successor organizations in any type of organization. After the court's decision to ban the activity of a foreign non-profit non-governmental organization comes into effect, the authorized State body of the Russian Federation is obliged to notify the diplomatic community within 10 days. A representative office or consular office of the foreign State concerned in the Russian Federation banning activities in the territory of the Russian Federation, the reasons for the ban and the consequences of the ban. Russian Federation, in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation, cooperates in the field of combating extremism with foreign states, their law enforcement agencies and special services, as well as with International organizations combating extremism. President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin Moscow, Kremlin 25 July 2002 N 114-FZ