On Counteracting Extremist Activities

Original Language Title: О противодействии экстремистской деятельности

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102079221

RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal Act on counteracting extremist activities adopted by the State Duma June 27, 2002 year approved by the Federation Council July 10, 2002 onwards (as amended by the federal laws from 27.07.2006 N 148-F3;
from 27.07.2006 N 153-F3; from 10.05.2007 N 71-FZ;
from 24.07.2007 N 211-FZ; from 29.04.2008 N 54-FL;
from Dec 25th N 255-FZ; from 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ;
from 28.06.2014 N 179-FZ; from 21.07.2014 N 236-FZ;
by 31.12.2014 N 505-FZ; from 08.03.2015 N 23-FZ;
from 23.11.2015 N 314-FZ) this federal law to protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the foundations of the constitutional system, ensure the integrity and security of the Russian Federation defines the legal and organizational basis for counteracting extremist activities, establishes responsibilities for its implementation.
Article 1. Basic concepts for the purposes of this federal law applies the following concepts: 1) extremist activity (extremism): forcible change of the foundations of the constitutional order and violating the integrity of the Russian Federation;
public justification of terrorism and a terrorist activity;
incitement of social, racial, national or religious hatred;
promotion of exclusiveness, superiority or inferiority of a person on the grounds of social, racial, national, religious or linguistic affiliation or attitude to religion;
violation of rights, freedoms and lawful interests of a person and citizen, depending on its social, racial, national, religious or linguistic affiliation or attitude to religion;
obstruction of citizens of their electoral rights and right to participate in the referendum or violating the secrecy of voting, coupled with violence or the threat thereof;
obstruction of the lawful activity of State bodies, bodies of local self-government, election commissions, public and religious associations, or other organizations, coupled with violence or the threat thereof;
crimes on the grounds specified in paragraph "e" of the first paragraph of article 63 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation;
propaganda and public demonstration of Nazi paraphernalia or symbols or paraphernalia or symbols, similar to Nazi paraphernalia or symbols to, any public demonstration of paraphernalia or symbols of extremist organizations; (As amended by the Federal law dated 21.12.2012 N 255-FZ) public calls for implementation of those acts or mass distribution of obviously extremist materials, as well as their manufacture or possession for the purpose of the mass distribution;
the public knowingly false accusation of a person to replace the public office of the Russian Federation or the State Office of the Russian Federation, during the performance of their duties the acts referred to in this article and are a crime;
Organization and preparation of such acts, as well as incitement to their implementation;
the financing of such acts or other assistance in their organization, preparation and implementation, including through the provision of training, printing and logistics, telephone and other means of communication or information services; (Paragraph as amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 211-FZ) 2) extremist organization-public or religious association or other organization, in respect of which on the grounds provided for in this Federal law, the Court adopted a decision entered into legal force on the elimination or prohibition of activities in connection with the implementation of extremist activities;
3) extremist materials intended for publication of the documents or information on other media calling for extremist activity, or to justify or justify the need for the implementation of such activities, including the writings of the leaders of the National Socialist German workers ' Party, the fascist party in Italy, publications justifying or justifying national and (or) racial superiority or justifying the practice of war or other crimes aimed at the total or partial destruction of any ethnic , social, racial, national or religious group;

4) symbols of extremist organization-the symbols described in the constituent documents of the Organization for which on grounds stipulated by this federal law, the Court adopted a decision entered into legal force on the elimination or prohibition of activities in connection with the implementation of extremist activity. (Para supplemented by federal law from Dec 25th N 255-FZ) (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.2014 N 236-FZ) (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 27.07.2006 N 148-FZ), Article 2. The basic principles of countering extremist activity Countering extremist activity is based on the following principles: recognition, observance and protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, as well as the legitimate interests of organizations;
the rule of law;
publicity;
priority to ensure the security of the Russian Federation;

the priority measures aimed at preventing extremist activities;
the cooperation of the State with public and religious associations, other organizations, and citizens in combating extremist activity;
the inevitability of punishment for extremist activities.
Article 3. The main directions of countering extremist activity Countering extremist activity is carried out in the following main areas: preventive measures aimed at the prevention of extremist activities, including the identification and subsequent elimination of the causes and conditions conducive to extremist activities;
detection, prevention and suppression of the extremist activities of public and religious associations, other organizations and individuals. Article 3-1. Distinctions of application of the legislation of the Russian Federation on combating extremist activity against the religious texts of the Bible, Quran, the Tanakh and Gandzhur, their contents and excerpts from them may be recognized as extremist materials. (Article supplemented by federal law from 23.11.2015 N 314-FZ), Article 4. Organizational basis to counteract extremist activities, the President of the Russian Federation: defines the main directions of the State policy in the field of counteraction of extremist activities;
establishes the competence of federal bodies of executive power which he exercises, to counter extremist activities.
The Government of the Russian Federation: defines the competence of the federal bodies of executive power which it exercises, in the field of counteraction of extremist activities;
organizes elaboration and implementation of measures for the prevention of extremist activities, minimize and/or eliminate the consequences of its manifestations;
organizes the activity of federal bodies of executive power to counter extremist activities necessary forces, means and resources.
Federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local authorities engaged in combating extremist activity within its competence.
In order to ensure coordination of the activities of the federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government on counteraction of extremist activity by the President of the Russian Federation can be formed bodies composed of representatives of the federal bodies of State power, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government and other persons. For the implementation of the decisions of these bodies can be issued acts (joint acts) of these bodies, which are part of the body concerned.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.06.2014 g. N 179-FZ), Article 5. The prevention of extremist activities to counteract extremist activities federal bodies of State power, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, within the limits of their competence, as a matter of priority are implementing prevention, including educational, awareness-raising measures aimed at the prevention of extremist activities.
Article 6. Ad cautions about the inadmissibility of implementation of extremist activities if sufficient information about confirmed and tentatively preparing acts containing signs of extremist activities, and in the absence of grounds to prosecute the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation or his Deputy or subordinate to him the appropriate Procurator or his Deputy directs the public or religious Association Manager or supervisor of an organization, as well as other relevant persons warning in writing on the inadmissibility of such activities with specific reason ads warning.
In the event of failure to comply with the requirements set out in the warning, the person to whom it was announced this caveat may be prosecuted in accordance with the established procedure.
Caution may be appealed in court in due course.
Article 7. Warnings to the public or religious association or other organization on the inadmissibility of implementation of extremist activity

Public or religious association or other organization in case of revealing evidence of their activities, including in at least one of their regional or other subdivisions, signs of extremism, warning in writing on the inadmissibility of such activities, together with an indication of the specific grounds for the issuance of warnings, including violations. If possible corrective measures, the warning shall also indicate that these violations of not less than two months from the date of warning.
Warning the public or religious association or other organization shall be made by the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation or subordinate to the relevant prosecutor. Warning the public or religious association can be made also the Federal Executive authority which carries out functions in the field of State registration of non-profit organizations, public associations and religious organizations (hereinafter referred to as the federal body of registration by the State), or its respective territorial authority. (As amended by federal law from 29.04.2008 N 54-FL) Warning may be appealed in court in due course.
If the warning was not appealed to the Court in the prescribed manner or not found by a court to be illegal, as well as if in the determined period relevant in preventing public or religious association or other organization, or their regional or other structural subdivision of unresolved violations that led to the warning, or if within twelve months from the date of warning new facts are revealed evidence of signs of extremism in their activities, in accordance with the provisions of this Federal law, the relevant public or religious association or other organization shall be liquidated, and the activities of the public or religious association, which is not a legal entity, shall be subject to the ban.
Article 8. Warning against spreading extremist materials through the media and carry out extremist activity in the case of the dissemination through the media of extremist material or revealing evidence about the presence in his extremist activities, the founder and (or) editorial (editor in Chief) of the media by the authorized State body having carried out the registration of this media, either by the Federal Executive Body in the field of printing , tv and radio broadcasting and mass communications, either by the Attorney-General of the Russian Federation or the subordinate Prosecutor concerned shall be made in writing to the warning about the inadmissibility of such actions or such activities with specific grounds for the issuance of warnings, including violations. If possible corrective measures, the warning shall also indicate that these violations of not less than ten days from the date of issuance of the notice.
Warning may be appealed in court in due course.
If the warning was not appealed to the Court in the prescribed manner or not found by a court to be illegal, and if installed in the prevention of a term not taken to rectify irregularities which warrant a warning or if again within twelve months from the date of warning revealed new evidence of signs of extremism in the activities of the media activities of the relevant media is subject to termination in the manner prescribed by this Federal law.
Article 9. The responsibility of public and religious associations, other organizations for carrying out extremist activity in the Russian Federation prohibits the establishment and activities of public and religious associations, other organizations whose aims or actions are directed at extremist activities.

In the case provided for in paragraph 4 of article 7 of this federal law, or in the case of a public or religious association or other organization, or their regional or other structural subdivision of extremist activities, entailing violation of human and civil rights and freedoms, causing injury to the person, health, environment Wednesday, public order, public safety, property, the legitimate economic interests of natural and/or legal persons, society and State, or creates a real danger of causing such harm corresponding to the public or religious association or other organization may be liquidated, and the activities of the public or religious association, which is not a legal entity, could be banned by a court decision on the basis of the application of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation or subordinate to him the appropriate Procurator.
Specified in part two of this article bases the public or religious association can be liquidated, and the activities of the public or religious association, which is not a legal entity, could be banned by a court decision on the basis of statements by the Federal State registration body or its respective territorial authority. (As amended by federal law from 29.04.2008 N 54-FL) in case the decision of the Court on the grounds stipulated by this federal law, the decision on the liquidation of the public or religious association of their regional and other subdivisions are also subject to elimination.
Remaining after satisfaction of the claims of creditors property public or religious association or other organization, closing on the grounds provided for in this federal law, shall be subject to the treatment of the property of the Russian Federation. A decision on the treatment of specified property of the Russian Federation shall be made simultaneously with the decision by the Court to liquidate the public or religious association or other organization.
List of public and religious associations, other organizations, for which the Court accepted entered into legal force of the decision on liquidation or prohibition of activity on grounds stipulated by this federal law and a description of the symbolism of the said associations, organizations subject to placement in information and telecommunication network "Internet" on the websites of the federal bodies of executive power performing functions in the area of registration of public and religious associations, and other organizations. The list shall also be published in official periodicals, identified by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 24.07.2007 g. N 211-FZ) (as amended by the federal laws of 28.06.2014 N 179-FZ; 21.07.2014 N 236-FZ), Article 10. The suspension of a public or religious association in the case of a public or religious association of extremist activities, entailing violation of human and civil rights and freedoms, causing injury to the person, health, environment Wednesday, public order, public safety, property, the legitimate economic interests of natural and/or legal persons, society and State, or creates a real danger of causing such harm, the appropriate official or authority since their appeals to the Court on the grounds provided for in article 9 hereof, a statement regarding the dissolution of a public or religious association or banning its activities may, by its decision to suspend the activities of the public or religious association to adjudication of the application.
The decision to suspend the activities of the public or religious association prior to the consideration of the court statements of their elimination or banning its activities may be appealed in court in due course.
In the case of suspension of a public or religious association suspended the right of a public or religious association, its regional and other structural subdivisions as the founders of the media, they do not use State and municipal media, to organize and to hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches, picketing and other mass rallies or public events, participate in elections and referendums, use bank deposits, except for their use to payments related to their business activities, the reimbursement of caused by their actions for damages (Indemnification), taxes, fees or fines and settlements under labor contracts.
If the Court does not satisfy the statement regarding the dissolution of a public or religious association or the prohibition of its activities, the Association resumes its work after the entry into force of the Court decision into legal force.

The suspension of the activities of political parties is carried out in the manner stipulated by the Federal law "on political parties".
List of public and religious associations whose activities are suspended for exercising extremist activity, subject to placement in information and telecommunication network "Internet" on the site of a federal body of executive power performing functions in the area of registration of public and religious associations. The list shall also be published in official periodicals, identified by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 211-FZ) (As amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 179-FZ), Article 11. The responsibility of the media for the dissemination of extremist materials and carrying out extremist activity in the Russian Federation prohibits the dissemination through the mass media of extremist materials and their exercise of extremist activity.
In the case provided for in article 8, paragraph 3 hereof, or in the case of a mass medium extremist activities, entailing violation of human and civil rights and freedoms, causing injury to the person, health, environment Wednesday, public order, public safety, property, the legitimate economic interests of natural and/or legal persons, society and State, or creates a real danger of causing such harm, the appropriate media activity can be terminated by a court decision on the basis of the application of the authorized State body who ordered the registration of this media or of a federal body of executive power in the sphere of press, broadcasting and mass communications, or the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation or subordinate to him the appropriate Procurator.
In order to prevent continued dissemination of extremist material, the Court may suspend the implementation of the respective numbers of the periodical circulation either audio or video programs or issue appropriate television, radio or video in the order prescribed for the adoption of measures to ensure the lawsuit.
The Court's decision is the basis for the seizure of unsold part of the circulation of the media products containing extremist material from storage, wholesale and retail trade.
Article 12. Preventing the use of the public telecommunication networks to carry out extremist activity is prohibited the use of public telecommunication networks to carry out extremist activity.
If public telecommunication network is used to carry out extremist activity, apply measures provided for in this federal law, taking into account the peculiarities of relations regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of communications.
Article 13. Responsibility for the dissemination of extremist materials on the territory of the Russian Federation prohibits the dissemination of extremist materials, as well as their production or possession for the purpose of distribution. In cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the production, storage or dissemination of extremist materials is an offence and punishable.
Information materials extremist recognized by the Federal Court at the place of their discovery, dissemination or organization carrying out the production of such materials on the basis of the application of the Prosecutor or in the case of administrative violation, civil, administrative or criminal proceedings. (As amended by the Federal law of 08.03.2015 N 23-FZ) simultaneously with the decision on the recognition of information materials extremist court decision on confiscation.
A copy of an enforceable decision on recognition information materials extremist is sent to the Court within three days to the federal body of registration.
Federal body State registration on the basis of a court decision on the recognition of information materials extremist within thirty days of making them into a federal list of extremist materials.
The conduct of the federal list of extremist materials establishes a federal body of registration.
The federal list of extremist materials subject to placement in information and telecommunication network "Internet" on the official website of the federal body of registration. The list shall also be published in the media in the prescribed manner.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.06.2014 g. N 179-FZ) Article 14. The responsibility of public officials and municipal employees for exercising extremist activity

The official's remarks, as well as a person who is on a State or municipal service, of necessity, admissibility, possibility or desirability of extremist activity, made publicly or in the performance of official duties or with indication of position held, as well as the failure of an officer, in accordance with its competence measures to curb extremist activity entails responsibilities established by legislation of the Russian Federation.
The relevant State bodies and officials must immediately take the necessary measures to bring to justice those who have committed the actions specified in paragraph 1 of this article.
Article 15. Responsibility of Russian citizens, foreign nationals and stateless persons for carrying out extremist activity For carrying out extremist activities of citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and stateless persons bear criminal, administrative and civil liability in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
In order to ensure State security and public safety on the grounds and in the manner envisaged by the Federal law, a person involved in carrying out extremist activity, according to the decision of the Court may be restricted access to State and municipal service, military service under the contract and law enforcement, as well as to work in educational institutions and the occupation of private detective and security activities. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) if head or member of the governing body of the public or religious association or organization makes a public statement calling for extremist activity, without specifying that this is his personal opinion, as well as in the event of the entry into force of the court verdict against such person for the offence of extremist relevant public or religious association or other organization are obliged within five days from the date of When the announcement was made, publicly express its disagreement with the statements or actions of such a person. If the public or religious association or other organization of such public statement does not, this can be considered as a fact testifying about their extremist activities.
The author printed, audio, audiovisual and other materials (painting), intended for public use and contain at least one of the grounds set out in article 1 of this federal law shall be recognized by the person exercising extremist activity, and shall be liable in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 27.07.2006 N 148-FZ), a person who previously was a Director or a member of the governing body a public or religious association or other organization, in respect of which on the grounds prescribed by this federal law or the Federal law of March 6, 2006 year N 35-FZ "on counteracting terrorism", the Court adopted a decision entered into legal force on the elimination or prohibit the activities of in cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation may not be the founder of the public or religious association or nonprofit organization for a period of ten years from the date of entry into force of a court decision. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 31.12.2014 N 505-FZ) Article 16. Prohibit the exercise of extremist activity in conducting mass actions when holding meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches and picketing not allowed carrying out extremist activity. Organizers of the mass actions are responsible for compliance with the laws of the Russian Federation requirements concerning the order of holding mass actions, prevent implementation of extremist activity, as well as its timely. The responsibility of the organizers of a mass rally before warned in writing by the internal affairs agencies of the Russian Federation.
Participants of the mass actions are forbidden to carry weapons (except in areas where the carrying of bladed weapons is the affiliation of national costume), as well as items specially made or adapted to cause injury or damage to citizens, individuals and legal entities.
When conducting mass rallies are not allowed to attract participation in extremist organizations, using their symbols or attributes, as well as the dissemination of extremist materials.

In case of detection of circumstances stipulated in paragraph 3 of this article, the organizers of a mass rally or other persons responsible for its implementation, have an obligation to take immediate steps to rectify the above violations. Failure to comply with this obligation shall entail the cessation of mass action to demand of organs of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and the responsibility of the organizers on the grounds and in the manner prescribed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
Article 17. International cooperation in combating extremism within the territory of the Russian Federation prohibits the activities of public and religious associations, other non-profit organizations of foreign States and their structural units, whose work is recognized as extremist under international legal acts and federal law.
Prohibition of activities of foreign non-profit non-governmental organization entails: a) the cancellation of State accreditation and registration in the order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation;
b) prohibition of stay on the territory of the Russian Federation, foreign nationals and stateless persons as representatives of the Organization;
in) a prohibition on keeping any economic or other activity on the territory of the Russian Federation;
g) prohibition of publication in the media of any material on behalf of a proscribed organisation;
d) prohibits the dissemination of materials in the territory of the Russian Federation for a proscribed organisation, as well as other information products containing materials of this organization;
e) ban on any rallies and public events, as well as taking part in mass rallies and public events as a representative of a banned organization (or its official representatives);
f) a ban on the establishment of its successor organizations in any legal form.
After the entry into force of a court decision to ban the activities of the foreign nonprofit non-governmental organization authorized State body of the Russian Federation is obliged within ten days notify the diplomatic mission or consular office of the corresponding foreign State in the Russian Federation to ban the activities in the territory of the Russian Federation, the reasons for the ban, as well as the implications of the ban.
The Russian Federation in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation cooperates in the fight against extremism with foreign States, their law enforcement agencies and special services, as well as with international organizations engaged in combating extremism.
The President of the Russian Federation v. Putin Kremlin, Moscow July 25, 2002 N 114-FZ