The People's Zasedatelâh The Federal Courts Of General Jurisdiction In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О народных заседателях федеральных судов общей юрисдикции в Российской Федерации

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102063860

Expired-the Federal law from relevant N 177-FZ dated in relation to criminal proceedings with July 1, 2002 year;
expired-the Federal law dated 14.11.2002 N 137-FZ dated in relation to civil proceedings since February 1, 2003, the Russian FEDERATION federal law on folk zasedatelâh federal courts of general jurisdiction in the Russian Federation adopted by the State Duma November 17, 1999 the year approved by the Federation Council December 23, 1999 year Article 1. The right of citizens of the Russian Federation to take part in administration of Justice 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as citizens) have the right to participate in the administration of Justice as people's assessors federal courts of general jurisdiction (hereinafter referred to as the people's assessors).
2. People's assessors are individuals with in the manner prescribed by this federal law and federal procedural laws, powers of the administration of Justice in civil and criminal litigation in the Court and acting judges at the non-professional basis.
3. Restrictions on the right of citizens to participate in the administration of Justice as people's assessors, depending on their sex, race, nationality, origin, property status, attitude to religion, convictions, membership of public associations are not allowed. Restriction of this right is established only by this federal law.
4. Participation of citizens in the administration of Justice as people's assessors is their civic duty.
Article 2. The procedure for the formation of people's assessors list 1. General list of lay judges of the District Court (hereinafter also-General list) formed the relevant representative body of local self-government on the basis of the list of electors of the district, the territory within the jurisdiction of the District Court. The number of people's assessors based on 156 people's assessors on a judge of the District Court.
2. Common list of alleged legislative (representative) body of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation and submitted them to the appropriate District Court not later than one month prior to the expiration of the term of Office of the people's assessors included in previous General list.
3. the term of Office of the people's assessors, included in the common list of five years.
4. If necessary, can be formed an additional list of lay judges of the District Court in the manner provided by this article.
5. Powers of people's assessors, included in a supplementary list of people's assessors of the District Court, shall terminate simultaneously with the authority of people's assessors, included in the common list.
Article 3. Requirements for a people's jury 1. People's assessors can be citizens who have attained the age of 25 years.
2. People's assessors may not be: 1) persons having not removed or not pogašennuû in accordance with the law a conviction;
2) persons declared by a court to be incompetent or limited by a court in dispositive capacity;
3) rollover State posts of category "a", which are stipulated by the Federal law "on the State service of the Russian Federation, as well as replacement elective positions in local self-government bodies;
4) prosecutors, investigators, investigators;
5) persons registered by substance abuse or neuropsychiatric clinics.
Article 4. Duty of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the executive bodies of local self-government and their officials to provide information to list people's assessors federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the executive bodies of local self-government and their officials are obliged to provide a representative body of local self-government with the information necessary to generate lists of people's assessors.
Article 5. Selection of people's assessors to participate in proceedings in the District Court, garrison military court 1. Selection of people's assessors to participate in proceedings in the District Court is carried out on the basis of a common list of lay judges of the District Court.
2. the selection of people's assessors to participate in proceedings in the District Court is made by random sampling from the General list of people's assessors of the corresponding District Court by the Chairman of the Court in the manner prescribed by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. For each of the judges of the District Court is determined by the number of people's assessors, three times greater than the number set by the relevant federal procedural law.
3. the selection of lay judges to serve as judges in a specific case in the District Court a judge handling the case, by the drawing of lots from a number of people's assessors, under paragraph 2 of this article.
4. the selection of people's assessors to participate in the consideration of the cases submitted to the garrison military court judges shall be made, upon the request of the respective garrison military court in the manner provided for in paragraph 2 of this article, on the basis of the General lists of people's assessors areas in the territories which the case is decided.
5. the selection of lay judges to serve as judges in a specific case in garrison military court is made by the judge hearing the case, by the drawing of lots from a number of people's assessors, under paragraph 2 of this article.
Article 6. Selection of people's assessors to participate in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Supreme Court, provincial, regional court, Court of Federal significance, autonomous oblast court, the Court of the Autonomous Okrug, district (flotskom) military court 1. Selection of people's assessors to participate in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Supreme Court, provincial, regional court, Court of Federal significance, autonomous oblast court, the Court of the Autonomous Okrug is made by the President of the Court in the manner provided for in paragraph 2 of article 5 of this federal law, on the basis of the General lists of people's assessors of district courts, located in the territory of the Russian Federation.
2. the selection of lay judges to serve as judges in a specific case in the courts, referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, a judge hearing the case, in accordance with paragraph 3 of article 5 hereof.
3. the selection of people's assessors to participate in the examination of cases in district (flotskom), a military court is made in the manner provided for in paragraph 4 of article 5 hereof.
4. the selection of lay judges to serve as judges in a specific case in the circuit (flotskom) military court is made by the judge of the respective District (Naval) military court in the manner provided for in paragraph 5 of article 5 hereof.
Article 7. Selection of people's assessors of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation 1. Lists of people's assessors of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation approved by the legislative (representative) bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the basis of the lists of people's assessors of district courts, located in the territory of the Russian Federation. The number of people's assessors of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation shall be determined by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.
2. the selection of people's assessors to participate in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation is made Chairman of the judicial Chamber of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in the manner provided for in paragraph 2 of article 5 hereof.
3. the selection of lay judges to serve as judges in a specific case in the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation shall be made by a judge of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in the manner provided for in paragraph 3 of article 5 hereof.
Article 8. The liberation of the people's juror from serving as a judge in a particular case 1. The judge may exempt the people's juror from serving as a judge in a particular case on the basis of a written application of the people's juror if he: 1) has reached the age of 70 years;
2) has one or more children under the age of three years and is on childcare leave;
3) is a priest or in accordance with their beliefs or religion considers it impossible to participate in the administration of Justice;
4) is disabled group I, II or III;
5) performs duties, distraction from which can cause substantial harm to the public or the public interest;
6) is the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, military formations and organs in which the legislation of the Russian Federation provides for military service;
7) does not speak the language in which the proceedings are conducted in the locality;
8) has other excuses.
2. in the cases contemplated in subparagraphs 1, 4 and 7 of paragraph 1 of this article, the judge shall have the right to release the people's juror from serving as a judge in a particular case on its own initiative.

3. the people's assessor is freed from his duties as a judge in a particular case in the cases contemplated in paragraph 1 of this article, pending a decision by the judge on the formation of the composition of the Court, with the participation of people's assessors.
Article 9. Terms of engaging people's assessors to perform his or her duties 1. People's assessors are involved in the execution of their duties in the District Court for a period of 14 days or, if the consideration of a specific case time exceeds the specified period term of consideration of the case.
2. People's assessors are encouraged to assume their responsibilities in garrison military court, the Supreme Court of the Republic, regional, regional court, Court of Federal significance, autonomous oblast court, the Court of the Autonomous Okrug, district (flotskom) the military court, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation for the period of time for consideration of a specific case.
3. People's assessors are involved in the execution of their duties is not more often than once a year.
Article 10. The suspension and the early termination of the powers of the people's juror 1. If the people's assessors of the prosecution in a criminal case, his powers suspended the Chairman of the court pending an investigation of this criminal case.
2. the legislative (representative) body of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation terminate powers of the people's juror in the cases contemplated in paragraph 2 of article 3 of this federal law.
Article 11. Maintenance 1 people's assessors. During the participation of the people's juror in the administration of Justice, the Court shall pay the expense of the federal budget in the amount of the compensatory remuneration one fourth part of the salary of a judge of this Court. Specified compensation fee is not subject to income tax.
2. the people's assessor during the execution of its responsibilities for the administration of Justice on the main place of work average earnings are saved, as well as guarantees and privileges provided for by law.
3. The Court shall reimburse the people's assessor travel expenses in the manner and amount that you set for the judges.
4. Time of execution of people's assessor of their responsibilities for the administration of Justice is taken into account when calculating all kinds of employment.
Article 12. Guarantees of the independence and integrity of the people's juror 1. The people's assessors and members of his family during the exercise of Justice, safeguards the independence and integrity of the judges and their families, established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal Constitutional law "on the judicial system of the Russian Federation", paragraph 2 of article 9, paragraph 2 of article 10, paragraphs 1, 2, 5, 6 and 7 of article 16 of the law of the Russian Federation "on the status of judges in the Russian Federation, this federal law.
2. A criminal case against the people's assessors during the exercise of Justice can be initiated only by the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation or by a person performing his duties. The people's assessor may be detained during the implementation of Justice only with the consent of the Attorney-General of the Russian Federation or the person executing his duties, or by a court decision.
3. the people's assessor during the implementation of Justice may not be dismissed or transferred to other work without his consent.
Article 13. About repealing some legislative acts of the Russian Federation in connection with adoption hereof from the date of entry into force of this federal law shall be declared null and void: 1) articles 8, 9, 22, 28, 69-74 of the law of RSFSR from July 8, 1981 years "on the judicial system of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1981, no. 28, p. 976);
2) law of the RSFSR from July 8, 1981 years "on the election of district and municipal people's courts of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1981, no. 28, p. 977);
3) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of March 24, 1982 "on stamps of electoral commissions in elections of people's judges of district (City) of the people's courts of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1982, no. 13, p. 391);
4) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of March 24, 1982 onwards "about the electoral box for receiving ballots in elections of people's judges of district (City) of the people's courts of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1982, no. 13, p. 392);
5) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of March 26, 1982 year "on the procedure of storing ballot papers for elections of district (municipal) people's courts of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1982, N 13, art. 396);
6) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR from July 1, 1982 year approving the regulations of the Council of people's assessors in district (municipal) people's Court "(Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1982, no. 27, p. 942);
7) item 13 of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR from January 18, 1985 "on introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1985, N 4, art. 117);
8) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, dated February 26, 1987 "on introducing changes and additions into the law of the RSFSR" on elections of district (municipal) people's courts of the RSFSR "(Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1987, N 10, art. 308);
9) paragraph five of the Act of the RSFSR from July 7, 1987 year approving the Decrees of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR on the introduction of amendments and additions to some legislative acts of the RSFSR "(Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1987, no. 29, p. 1061);
10) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, dated February 27, 1990 year "on approval of the regulations on disciplinary responsibility of judges, and parole revocation of judges and people's assessors of the RSFSR" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, no. 10, p. 288);
11) Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, dated February 27, 1990 "on the manner and amount of reimbursement of the costs associated with the performance of the people's assessors of their duties in court" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, no. 10, p. 289).
Article 14. On the entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
The Acting President of the Russian Federation v. Putin Kremlin, Moscow January 2, 2000 N 37-FZ