On Protection Of Lake Baikal

Original Language Title: Об охране озера Байкал

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102059482

RUSSIAN FEDERATION federal law on protection of Lake Baikal passed by the State Duma April 2, 1999 the year approved by the Federation Council of the year April 22, 1999 (as amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ;
from 04.12.2006 N 201-FZ; from 18.12.2006 y. N 232-FZ;
from 30.10.2007 г. (N) 240-FZ; from 10.09.2008 N 118-FZ;
from 30.12.2008 N 309-FZ; from 18/07 N 215-FZ;
from 18/07 N 242-FZ; from 21 N 331-FZ;
from 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ; from 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ) this federal law defines the legal framework of the protection of Lake Baikal, which is not only the unique ecological system of the Russian Federation, but also a world natural heritage. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) Chapter i. BASIC PROVISIONS of Article 1. Legal regulation in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal 1. Legal regulation in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal is carried out by this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. If an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those provided for in this federal law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
Article 2. Ecological zoning of Baikal natural territory 1. Baikal natural territory-territory, which includes Lake Baikal, sanitary area, adjacent to Lake Baikal, its catchment area within the territory of the Russian Federation, specially protected natural areas, adjacent to Lake Baikal, as well as adjacent to Lake Baikal area width up to 200 kilometres to the West and Northwest from it.
2. On the Baikal natural territory the following ecological zones: the Central ecological zone-an area that includes Lake Baikal with the islands adjacent to Lake Baikal water-protection zone, as well as specially protected natural areas adjacent to Lake Baikal;
buffer zone-environmental area outside the Central ecological zone, which includes the water catchment area of the Lake Baikal within the territory of the Russian Federation;
ecological zone of atmospheric influence-territory outside the catchment area of Lake Baikal within the territory of the Russian Federation with a width of up to 200 kilometres to the West and Northwest from it, which are commercial facilities whose activities had a negative impact on the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal.
3. Ecological Zoning of Baikal natural territory is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 3. The boundaries of the Baikal natural territory boundaries of water protection zones and boundaries of the fisheries protection zone of Lake Baikal (as amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. The Government of the Russian Federation for the views of the public authorities of the Republic of Buryatia, Irkutsk oblast, bodies of State power, bodies of State power of zabaykalsky Krai claims Baikal natural territory boundaries and ecological zones-the Central ecological zone, buffer zone, ecological environmental atmospheric zone of influence. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ) water protection zone Boundaries and borders of the fisheries protection zone of Lake Baikal are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ)
2. the executive authorities of the Republic of Buryatia, Irkutsk oblast executive bodies, executive bodies of zabaykalsky Krai in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation shall ensure that information of the population of the Baikal natural territory on the borders of the Baikal natural territory, including the boundaries of the ecological zones, and the characteristics of the mode of ecological zones. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ), Article 4. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), chap. II. MODE of PROTECTION of the BAIKAL NATURAL TERRITORY Article 5. Basic principles for the protection of the Baikal natural territory in order to protect the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal on the Baikal natural territory establishes a special regime of economic and other activities carried out in accordance with the following principles: priority of activities not entailing a violation of the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal and natural landscapes of its water protection zones;
accounting for the complexity of the impacts of economic and other activity on the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal;
addressing the socio-economic balance and protect the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal on the principles of sustainable development;
mandatory State ecological expertise.
Article 6. Activities prohibited or restricted on the Baikal natural territory 1. The Baikal natural territory is prohibited or restricted activities, which turns out to be a negative impact on the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal: chemical pollution of Lake Baikal or part thereof, as well as its catchment area associated with discharges and emissions of hazardous substances, the use of pesticides, agrochemicals, radioactive substances, the exploitation of transport, waste production and consumption;
physical state change of Lake Baikal or its part (water temperature regimes change, fluctuation of water level outside the valid values, changing waste into Lake Baikal);
biological pollution of Lake Baikal, associated with the use, cultivation or acclimatization of aquatic biological objects is not inherent to the ecological system of the Lake Baikal, Lake Baikal and water bodies that have permanent or temporary link to Lake Baikal.
2. On the Baikal natural territory is prohibited the construction of new installations, reconstruction of existing installations without the positive conclusion of the State environmental appraisal of the project documentation of such objects. (As amended by federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 232-FZ; from 18/07 N 215-FZ; from 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ) 3. List of activities prohibited in the Central ecological zone, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 7. Lake Baikal water regime in order to protect the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal and prevent the negative impact of economic and other activity on the State establishes the following requirements for water regime of Lake Baikal: filling and drawdown the Lake Baikal is determined by the authorized federal body of executive power in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation; (As amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 10.09.2008 N 118-FZ) ban on raising the water level in the Lake Baikal above maximum values and decrease the water level in the Lake Baikal below the minimum values established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 8. Features safety, yield (production) of endemic species of aquatic animals and collection of endemic species of aquatic plants for the protection of Baikal omul fish, seals and other aquatic animal species as well as species of aquatic plants, common only in Lake Baikal (hereinafter also-endemic species of aquatic animals and plants), with the exception of aquatic animals and plants listed in the Red data book of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation or the authorized federal body of executive power are determined by the allowable catch (extraction) of Baikal omul , seal and other endemic species of aquatic animals, collection of endemic species of aquatic plants, the timing of Baikal omul fish catch and the list of shells it catches, the timing of the Baikal seal production and list guns production, as well as the timing of collection of endemic species of aquatic plants. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Especially protection, catch (extraction) of Baikal omul fish, seals and other endemic species of aquatic animals, as well as the collection of endemic species of aquatic plants shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 9. The territory of traditional nature use on the Baikal natural territory 1. The Baikal natural territory in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation defines the territory of traditional nature use.
2. relations arising in connection with the use of land and other natural resources on the territories of traditional nature use on the Baikal natural territory, shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation in accordance with this federal law.
Article 10. Specifics of use of land resources in the central environmental environmental zones and buffer use of land resources in the central environmental environmental zones and buffer citizens and legal persons shall be subject to the requirements of this federal law.
Article 11. Especially, conservation, protection,

reproduction of forests in Central ecological zone of 1. In the Central ecological zone is prohibited: 1) clear cuttings;
2) transfer of lands of the forest fund, employed protective forests in the lands of other categories, with the exception of such transfer of forest land in the land of especially protected territories and objects when creating specially protected natural territories. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ)
2. If the reproduction of the forests in the Central ecological zone of reproduction of valuable Woods is provided as a matter of priority.

3. the use, conservation, protection, reproduction of forests, located in Central ecological zone, shall be carried out in accordance with the law. (Para supplemented by federal law from 30.10.2007 г. (N) 240-FZ) (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law from 04.12.2006 N 201-FZ) Article 12. Tourism and recreation organization in the Central ecological zone of 1. Tourism and recreation organization in the Central ecological zone is carried out in accordance with the rules applying maximum permissible norms of environmental loads Wednesday in Central ecological zone. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ)
2. tourism and recreation organizations Regulations in Central ecological zone approved by the State authorities of the Republic of Buryatia, bodies of State power of the Irkutsk region.
CHAPTER III. STANDARDS of MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE HARMFUL IMPACTS on the UNIQUE ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM of the LAKE BAIKAL Article 13. Procedure for establishing norms of maximum permissible harmful impacts on the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal 1. For the Baikal natural territory are set norms of maximum permissible harmful impacts on the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation in accordance with this federal law.
2. Standards of maximum permissible harmful impacts on the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal, as well as the methods of their definitions are approved by the relevant federal bodies of executive power and improved based on research data. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
3. the list of harmful substances, including substances belonging to categories of particularly dangerous, high-risk, dangerous and moderately dangerous for the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal, allegedly authorized by federal bodies of executive power. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 14. Maximum allowable discharges and emissions of hazardous substances, waste disposal of production and consumption, dangerous for the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal 1. Maximum allowable discharges and emissions of hazardous substances, waste disposal of production and consumption, dangerous for the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal, is established taking into account the results of scientific research in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and annually subject to mandatory review in order to reduce it, taking into account the State of the Baikal territory Wednesday. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ) of Central ecological zone of prohibited wastes of production and consumption risk classes I-III. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ)
2. The number of categories of particularly dangerous and high-risk for the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal discharges of harmful substances in the household and other facilities located in central environmental and ecological zones, the buffer should not exceed this number if the fence (seizure) of water from water bodies. (As amended by the Federal law dated 10.09.2008 N 118-FZ) concentrations of toxic substances in all categories of danger to the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal in discharges and emissions shall not exceed the standards for maximum allowable concentrations of harmful substances that are installed for each of the ecological zones.
CHAPTER IV. State regulation in the sphere of PROTECTION of LAKE BAIKAL Article 15. Federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of protection of Lake Baikal, the Government of the Russian Federation defines the federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of protection of Lake Baikal, their functions and powers, as well as coordinating body to ensure concerted action by interested bodies of executive power.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 16. Integrated scheme of protection and use of natural resources of the Baikal natural territory is the basis for the implementation of economic and other activity on the Baikal natural territory are complex schemes of protection and use of its natural resources developed and approved in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 17. State record objects, which have a negative impact on the surrounding of Baikal natural territory Wednesday State record objects, which have a negative impact on the surrounding of Baikal natural territory Wednesday, is carried out for each ecological zone is the authorized federal body of executive power in accordance with the Federal law of January 10, 2002 year N 7-FZ "on Wednesday environmental protection". (As amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ), Article 18. Liquidation or conversion to environmentally hazardous economic installations Liquidation or conversion to environmentally hazardous economic installations on the Baikal natural territory is carried out in the manner and within the period prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. State environmental supervision in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal State environmental supervision in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal is carried out by the authorized federal body of executive authorities and executive authorities of the Republic of Buryatia and zabaykalsky Krai, Irkutsk oblast, engaged federal, respectively, State environmental monitoring and regional State environmental supervision in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of these constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 18/N 242-FZ), Article 20. State ecological monitoring of the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal 1. State ecological monitoring of the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal is part of State environmental monitoring (State environmental monitoring Wednesday).
2. the State environmental monitoring of the unique ecological system of the Lake Baikal is carried out by authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.06.2014 N 181-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 21 N 331-FZ), Article 21. Funding for the protection of Lake Baikal 1. Funding for the protection of Lake Baikal is financed from the federal budget and other sources in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. In accordance with the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation formed a target budget Fund for protection of Lake Baikal. (Action item 2 suspended from January 1 to December 31, 2004 year-the Federal law dated 23.12.2003 N 186-FL) Article 22. Targeted programmes in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal, federal targeted programmes in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal formed the Government of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The constituent entities of the Russian Federation carry out designing and implementing inter-municipal targeted programmes for the protection of Lake Baikal, as well as participate in the development and implementation of federal targeted programmes in the area of Lake Baikal.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 23. Information in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, citizens and legal persons shall have access to information in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal.
Article 24. Liability for violation of this federal law, violators of this federal law, shall be liable in accordance with civil, administrative, criminal and other legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 25. International cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of the protection of Lake Baikal is regulated by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.
Article 26. The entry into force of this federal law

1. this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. Normative legal acts of the Russian Federation shall be subject to adjustment in accordance with this federal law.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin May 1, 1999 N 94-FZ