About The Postal Service

Original Language Title: О почтовой связи

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102061036

RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal Act on postal services adopted by the State Duma on June 24, 1999 the year approved by the Federation Council of the year July 2, 1999 (as amended by the federal laws on 07.07.2003 N 126-FZ;
from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 26.06.2007 N 118-FZ;
from 10.09.2008 N 118-FZ; from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ;
from 28.06.2009 N 124-FZ; from 06.12.2011 N 409-FZ) this federal law aims at ensuring the constitutional rights of everyone freely to receive, transmit and disseminate information, confidentiality of correspondence, mail, Telegraph and other communications, establish a system of legal guarantees for the formation and effective operation of postal services on the territory of the Russian Federation with a view to strengthening and developing the interaction of economic, social and political relations, meet the needs of the population in the postal services.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Subject of this federal law this federal law establishes the legal, organizational, economic and financial framework in the area of postal services in the Russian Federation, determines the rights and obligations of the State authorities of the Russian Federation, other actors in the field of postal services, determines the order of regulation of activity in the field of postal services and management, regulates the legal relations arising between postal operators and users of postal services , establishes the status of postal organizations and establishes social guarantees for their workers. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 2. Basic concepts in order to regulate relations in the sphere of postal service applies the following concepts: the postal service-the kind of connection that represents a single industrial-technological complex technical and transport facilities, providing reception, processing, shipment and delivery (delivery) mail, as well as the implementation of postal money transfers;
the single postal territory-territory, which have uniform rules and regulations in the field of postal communications, establishing the General system of indexing of mail service objects on the territory of the Russian Federation, a unified procedure for preparation, processing and dispatch of all types of mail;
the postal service General use is an integral part of a unified postal service of the Russian Federation, which opened under the conditions of a public contract for the enjoyment of all citizens, bodies of State power of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government and legal entities;
international postal exchange of mail between postal organizations under the jurisdiction of different States;
postal services-acts or activities of receiving, processing, transporting, delivery (presentation) of mail, as well as postal money transfers;
universal postal services-postal services to meet the needs of users of postal services in the exchange of written correspondence within the territory of the Russian Federation and at affordable prices;
postal remittance service organizations of the Federal postal service for receiving, processing, transportation (transfer), delivery (presentation) of money using postal and telecommunications networks;
the deadline for the provision of postal services is a set of terms and standards established for performing specific operations that make up a particular service of postal connection;
users of postal services-citizens, bodies of State power of the Russian Federation, governmental bodies of Russian regions, local government bodies and legal persons using the services of postal connection;
secret connection-correspondence, postal, Telegraph and other messages falling within the scope of the activities of the postal operators, is not to be disclosed without the consent of postal services;
postal operators-postal organizations and individual entrepreneurs eligible for the provision of postal services;
postal Organization-legal entities of any organizational and legal forms, providing postal services as their main activity;
the Organization of the Federal postal service-postal organization, are state unitary enterprises and public institutions established on the basis of property held in federal property;
postal network-a set of postal service and postal routes;
postal objects-subdivisions postal organizations (post offices, post offices, prizheleznodorozhnye branch of post transportation in railway stations and airports, postal service) and their structural subdivisions (mail exchange offices, post offices, postal items and other entities);
postal route-route mail transport between the objects of postal connection;

postal service tools-buildings, premises, equipment and mail transport, envelopes and postcards, postal packaging, used for the provision of postal services;
postage-addressed written correspondence, parcels and direct mail containers;
written correspondence-simple and registered letters, postcards, secograms, parcels and small packages;
address data of users of postal services-information about citizens (name, surname, postal address), as well as other users of postal services (name and address);
zip code-conditional numeric designation of the postal address to assign to the object of postal connection;
nominal thing-device (stamp) printed on the documents and postage stamps with the name of postal object (route mail wagon), date of reception and delivery of mail and other information;
public signs of postage-stamps and other signs, affixed postage and confirming payment of postal services;
franking machine-machine designed for letter post public philatelic confirming payment of postal services, the date of the correspondence and other information;
mailbox-special lockable drawer designed to gather simple letters and postcards;
addressee-citizen or organization, which are addressed to the mail, postal remittances, telegraph or other communication;
postal p.o. box-special lockable drawer that is designed to get recipients of mailings;
Subscriber mail cabinet-locker with unlocked cells installed in homes, as well as distribution stations, designed to get recipients of mailings;
current mail cabinet-mounted in the postal communication objects, the Special Cabinet with lockable cells that sign up with EUROPAGES, for a specified period, the addressees to receive mailings;
zip Cabinet stronghold-special lockable cupboard designed for temporary storage of mail to distribution sites or for recipients of mailings.
Article 3. Appointment of postal services in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation, the postal service is an integral part of the social infrastructure of the society, promotes social and political unity of the Russian Federation contributes to the realization of the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, allows you to create the necessary conditions for the implementation of the State policy in the field of formation of a single economic space, contributes to the free movement of goods, services and funds, freedom of economic activity.
Postal services in the Russian Federation State unitary enterprises and public institutions, other postal operators for the provision of postal services to citizens, bodies of State power of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government and legal entities.
Article 4. Legal regulation of relations in the field of postal communication relations in the field of postal services in the Russian Federation are regulated by the Federal law "on communication", this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, within the limits of their powers.
Relations in the sphere of international postal services may be governed by the decisions of international postal organizations, to which the Russian Federation.
The procedure for providing postal services shall be subject to the rules of providing postal services, authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation approved the federal body of executive power. Features of postal services in part delivery (delivery) of judicial notices are established rules providing postal services in accordance with the rules of procedure of the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the federal laws from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; from 28.06.2009 N 124-FZ), Article 5. Principles of the postal activities in the field of postal services in the Russian Federation is carried out on the basis of the following principles: respect for the rule of law;
accessibility to all citizens and legal entities of postal services as a means of obtaining and exchanging information;
respect for the rights of users of postal services;
freedom of transit of postal items throughout the territory of the Russian Federation;
equality of rights of citizens and legal entities to participate in activities in the field of postal services and to use the results of this activity;
ensure the right of everyone to secrecy of communications;

postal network sustainability and manageability;
Unity rules, standards, requirements and norms in the field of postal services.
Article 6. The powers of State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of postal services State authorities of the Russian Federation, within the limits of their competence: determine State policy in the field of postal connection;
develop and adopt the Federal program in the field of postal connection;
establish types of postal connection;
organize a public supervision and control in the field of postal connection;
establish common rules, standards, requirements and regulations in the field of postal connection;
implement state regulation of tariffs for the provision of universal postal services;
(Eighth paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) determine the arrangements for funding the activities of the organizations of the Federal postal service;
carry out international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of postal services.
Article 7. The powers of the organs of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of postal services, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall carry out: (second paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) participate in the development and expansion of the postal network, as well as the harmonization of operating mode of postal service organizations of the Federal postal service in the territories of the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
assist postal operators in expanding the scope of services provided to citizens and legal entities;
(Paragraph five ineffective federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) amendment of the federal body of executive power, supervising the postal activities, proposals for the improvement and development of the network of postal service in the territories of the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
(Seventh paragraph of ineffective federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Eighth paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 8. Objects of reference of bodies of local self-government in the Postal Authorities of local self-government: assist organizations in hosting the postal service in territory of municipal formation(education) postal service, considering the proposals of these organizations on the allocation of non-residential premises or the construction of buildings for the accommodation of post offices and other facilities of postal connection;
(Third Paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Fourth Paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) contribute to the creation and maintenance of sustainable local postal routes, postal operators are assisting in the delivery of mail in remote localities within the established deadlines;
(Paragraph six ineffective federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Seventh paragraph of ineffective federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Eighth paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) postal organizations are assisting in placing mailboxes in territory of municipal formation(education), control ensuring organizations, exploiting homes, owners of residential buildings preservation and maintenance in a serviceable condition of user's mail and mail cabinets no PO boxes.
Bodies of local self-government may modify the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation proposals on the development of the postal network in territory of municipal formation(education).
Article 9. Types of postal services in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation Act: public postal service implemented by State unitary enterprises, government agencies, postal services and other postal operators;
the special relationship of the federal body of executive power conducting management activities in the field of communications;
the Federal courier communications;
fel'd'egersko-postal services of the federal body of executive power in the area of defence.
Article 10. Regulation of activities in the field of postal services and management of the activity regulation of postal communication and managing such activities carried out by federal bodies of executive power in the field of communications. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 11. Federal bodies of executive power, exercising management of the postal service (as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications ensure the implementation of a uniform State policy in the field of postal services and exercise general oversight and regulation of postal operators. Provision of federal executive authorities in the field of telecommunications shall be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)

Federal bodies of executive power in the field of communication is granted exclusive rights to publication and distribution organization public philatelic, postal code assignment of postal objects on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as the manufacture and use of nominal things for the Federal postal service organizations, the formation of the State collection of philatelic items, permitting the use of franking machines and determine the order of their usage. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 12. Common standards and requirements in the field of postal public federal bodies of executive power in the field of communication in accordance with this federal law and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation develop instructions, manuals, regulations and other normative acts, which define common standards and requirements in the field of postal services for general use. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) regulations on technical-organizational sustainability of the postal network, as well as on the maintenance of postal service, issued by the federal body of executive power executing control activities in the area of postal services, are mandatory for all postal operators common use.
Article 13. Network management of postal communication in emergencies network management of postal communication in emergency situations shall be conducted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government shall assist postal organizations in the Elimination of the consequences of emergencies and natural disasters.
CHAPTER II. POSTAL SERVICES GENERAL USE Article 14. Guarantee the availability and quality of postal services in general use the basic guarantees the availability and quality of postal services in general use are: the provision of postal services within the territory of the Russian Federation with equal rights of access for all users of postal services;
providing organizations the Federal postal service postal facilities in a mode suitable for users of postal services, taking into account the technologies of postal connection;
ensuring the quality of postal service operators provided postal services;
Government support organizations of the Federal postal service, assisting in the development of the postal organizations of other legal forms;
State regulation of tariffs for universal postal services in accordance with this federal law and other federal laws.
Article 15. The mystery of the relation of correspondence, postal, Telegraph and other messages falling within the scope of the activities of the postal operators, is guaranteed by the State.
Examination and autopsy examination of mail attachments, as well as other restrictions on the secrecy of communication is permitted only on the basis of a judicial decision.
All postal operators are required to ensure compliance with the secrecy of communication.
Information on address data users of postal services, the mail, postal remittances, Telegraph and other messages falling within the scope of the activities of the postal operators, as well as the mail transferred cash, telegraphic and other communications are a mystery of communication, and may be issued only to senders (recipients) or their representatives.
Officials and other persons, workers of the organizations involved in the postal service, the violation of these provisions shall bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 16. Postal services postal services postal operators are provided on a contractual basis. According to the Treaty the provision of postal services postal operator undertakes on the instructions of the sender to forward his mail to him or postal money transfer to the specified sender address and deliver (give) them to the addressee. The user is obliged to pay for postal services rendered to him.
Postal operators are obliged to provide the forwarding of written correspondence to users of postal services in target dates. The collection frequency standards written correspondence from mailboxes, exchange regulations, shipping and delivery, and target dates for its forwarders approved by the authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority. The timing of certain postal services are established by postal operators themselves. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) of postal Operators are required to provide users of postal services information about the timing of the provision of postal services, as well as the Government of the Russian Federation approved regulations and delivery target dates forward written correspondence.

Quality of postal services must comply with the standards, as well as postal operators provided information about the terms and conditions of services.
Article 17. Postal operators, postal service operators are active in providing postal services on the basis of licenses obtained in accordance with the Federal law "on communication". These licenses, as well as certificates and postal services shall be documented and shall be issued by the federal body of executive power executing control activities in the area of postal services, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. The license for the provision of postal services is authorized to conduct operations together, make up a single technological process of production and the provision of postal services, including reception, processing, shipment and delivery (delivery) mail, as well as transportation workers accompanying postage. Additional licensing operations constituting a single technological process of production and the provision of postal services, as separate kinds of activity are not allowed.
Postal operators must have the necessary technological equipment and mechanization, automation and information technology that is accessible to users of postal services information on tariffs, rules for providing postal services, forwarding mail dates, mode of operation, as well as other necessary information, facilitating access to the postal service.
Postal service operators inform users of postal services through the media of their activities, new services, advanced achievements in the field of engineering and technology, the postal service may publish annual reports, are eligible for the preparation and dissemination of advertising messages in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as take into account in its work the suggestions of users of postal services, to improve their services.
Article 18. Organization of public postal services postal services rendering common areas formed the Organization of postal communication. Postal organization different organizational-legal forms enjoy equal rights in the field of postal services for general use. In order to enhance the reliability of the postal service in the Russian Federation receive State support to the development of the postal network of organizations providing postal services.
Management of the Federal postal service organizations common areas is carried out by the federal body of executive power executing control activities in the field of postal services. The Organization of the Federal postal service operate under charters (regulations).
The Organization of the Federal postal service provide universal postal services, carry out the provision of certain postal services, tariffs are not regulated by the State, as well as on a contractual basis, the distribution of printed publications, shipping and delivery of pensions, allowances and other payments to the special purpose, realization of securities, cash collection and delivery of cash proceeds, admission fees for public services, accepting payment for goods (services), payment in cash with use of plastic cards and other activities allowed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The Organization of the Federal postal service in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation may perform on the agency contract on its own behalf, but due to legal persons and individual businessmen having special permission (license) for the licensed activity or on behalf and at the expense of specified legal persons or individual entrepreneurs, individual technological operations of the licensed activity.
Preparation and adoption of the postal organizations of decisions about creation, and the Elimination of postal service in the territories of subjects of the Russian Federation are based on the proposals of the State authorities of the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. Rights of users of postal services postal services user rights protected by this federal law, the Federal law "on communication", the law of the Russian Federation "on protection of consumer rights", civil legislation of the Russian Federation, the rules for providing postal services, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Citizens and organizations have an equal right to use the services of the postal service for general use on the territory of the Russian Federation.

Users of postal services have the right to free access to information on their rights, on services, on rules for the provision of postal services, tariffs on them, the timing of mail forwarding prohibited to transfer objects and substances, and the validity of licences for the provision of postal services, postal operators liability to users of postal services.
Postal service users have the right to receive mail and postal money transfers in its postal address, on demand or by using cells subscription mail. The addressee has the right to refuse arrived in his mail address or postal remittance.
Users of postal services independently determine the amount of the appraisal of nesting of mail with a declared value and choose the packaging in accordance with the rules for the provision of postal services.
Article 20. Security of postal items and cash postal service operators are obliged to ensure the safety of taken from users of postal services of mail and cash.
Receiving and sending of mail and money between postal organizations implemented in ensuring accurate accounting can send and receive mail and money in the manner prescribed by the federal body of executive power executing control activities in the field of postal services.
When mail detects defects (divergence of the actual mass with weight, specified in the accompanying documents, faulty packaging, seals, sling or other defects) postal operator is obliged to arrange and deliver such mail in the manner provided by rules of providing postal services.
Automobiles, mail vans, space on air and naval vessels as well as on inland navigation vessels carrying mail and cash must be equipped so as to prevent access by unauthorized persons.
Premises, in which mail processing and storing money, should be equipped with the necessary equipment and means of fire alarm systems, as well as technical strengthening must conform to the rules.
In order to ensure the safety of postal service, postage and cash the Federal postal service organization may have postal units of security and safety. These units provide security of postal service, mail transport and postal workers, as well as the safety of postal items and funds, implement measures to prevent cases of loss and theft of postal items and cash, control of compliance with the limits in sending across the network of postal items and substances.
The Organization of the Federal postal service have the right to acquire service weapons necessary to carry out their responsibilities under this federal law ensuring the preservation of postal service, postage and cash, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation for legal entities engaged in special assignments.
List of special funds and service weapons, which are equipped with the Organization of the Federal postal service, order, purchase, registration, storage, maintenance, and destruction are determined in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation.
In order to protect the protected objects of the postal service, postage and cash, as well as the health and life of people organizations of the Federal postal service workers have the right to use their special tools and weapons. The use of special equipment and service weapons workers organizations of the Federal postal service is carried out in the manner prescribed by the Federal law "on departmental protection" for the application of special means and firearms by departmental security.
On every use of the employee organization of the Federal postal service weapons during the day indicated in the body of the internal affairs of the use of weapons and, in the case involving the death or injury is reported immediately to the Prosecutor and to the internal affairs body.
Article 21. Special conditions of providing postal services mail or transferred funds which cannot be delivered (hand) due to inaccuracy or lack of the necessary user address data of postal services, the departure of the addressee or other circumstances precluding the ability to perform postal operator responsibilities for postal service contract will be returned to the sender. In case of refusal of the sender from receiving the return mail or returned funds they transferred to temporary storage in the number of unclaimed mail and cash.

If the lack of the necessary user address data of postal services, undelivered (nevruchennye) postage or cash, it was not possible to return to the sender, they transferred to temporary storage: mail-in the number of dead letter mail; funds-in the number of unclaimed funds.
Nerozdannye postage shall be opened for the purpose of establishing user address data of postal services or other information for delivery (delivery) to the addressee or returned to the sender. The autopsy of the dead letter mail is carried out only on the basis of a judicial decision.
Postal operator has the obligation to the extent that the dead letter mail for temporary storage, but not less than once a quarter to go to court to get permission to offload the dead letter mail. Consideration of materials about the dead letter mail showdown is carried out by the Court in the location of the postal facility that provides temporary storage of mail. These submissions shall be reviewed by a judge sitting alone within five days. The reason for the decision of the judge of the issue of opening the dead letter mail is the official postal operator request. On demand the judges must be given other materials necessary for making a decision on opening the dead letter mail.
At the opening of the dead letter mail security measures must be observed. If a preliminary study found that the dead letter mail attachments contain objects or substances, which when opened, the dead letter mail may pose a risk to human life and health, the postage can be removed and destroyed without opening.
When opening the dead letter mail managed to install the address data of the user of postal services, the postal operator dosylaet mail to the addressee or returned to the sender. If the dead letter mail at the autopsy could not establish the address data of the user of postal services such mailings are passed among the unclaimed.
Temporary storage of unclaimed money mail and postal services operator shall within six months.
Upon the expiration of the temporary storage of unclaimed written communications shall be seized and destroyed. Other unclaimed mail attachments, as well as unclaimed funds may be converted into property postal operator as provided for in article 226 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
Procedure for temporary storage of mail and cash, as well as exemptions for an autopsy and destruction of mail is established by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ), Article 22. Restrictions in the postal network objects and substances in the mail that is sent within the Russian Federation, are prohibited to forwarding: a) gun, signaling, pneumatic, gas guns, Ammo, melee weapons (including throwing), stun devices and spark gaps, as well as major parts of firearms;
b) Narcotics, psychotropic, virulent, radioactive, explosive, poisonous, corrosive, inflammable and other dangerous substances;
in) poisonous animals and plants;
g) banknotes of the Russian Federation and foreign currency (except for orders sent by the Central Bank of the Russian Federation and its institutions);
e) perishable food;
e) items and substances, which by their nature or packaging may pose a risk to postal workers, pollute or damage (damage) other mailings and postal equipment.
The Organization of the Federal postal service have the right to detain mail content which is prohibited to transfer, as well as destroy or allow deleting mail with content that causes damage (damage) of other mailings, poses a danger to life and health of the postal workers or third parties, if this danger cannot be eliminated by other means.
The order of seizure of mail sent within the Russian Federation, as well as the destruction of items and substances that are prohibited to forwarding postal network, established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

List of limitations in sending international mail items and substances, the procedure for exemption from postal and data destruction prohibited to transfer items and substances shall be established in accordance with the customs legislation of the Customs Union within the Eurasian Economic Community, international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation on Customs Affairs and other legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06 N 409-FZ) of legal entities carrying out activities within the limits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation the powers of mail containing related to State secret information and objects, precious metals and precious stones, as well as products made from them, money and foreign currency of the Russian Federation, their shipment and delivery are carried out by special forces and means of communication of the federal body of executive power carrying out management activities in the field of communications.
CHAPTER III. BASICS of ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES in the field of postal connection, article 23. Development of postal public postal Development common areas is carried out on the basis of implementation of State economic, social, scientific, technological and investment policy.
Bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government have contributed to meeting the needs of postal services the public postal operators to contribute to the expansion of the species and improving the quality of postal services.
Restriction of rights of postal operators to use the postal network of general use, depending on their organizational-legal form is not allowed.
The Federal Executive authority which carries out the management of the postal service, in cooperation with the Federal Antimonopoly body contributes to the development of commodity markets and competition, restrict and suppress monopolistic activity and unfair competition in the provision of postal services.
Postal operators occupying a dominant position on the market of postal services and committing acts that have or may have as their consequences limited competition, abuse of other citizens and organizations, creating and maintaining a deficit of postal services or raising tariffs on them, shall be liable in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 24. Ownership and other rights in rem on the postal funds Means the postal service in the Russian Federation may be federal property, property of citizens and legal persons. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) to implement the provision of postal services, as well as other activities on the basis of this federal law, postal service operators may acquire necessary property in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Postal service funds, access roads and other property provided the Federal postal service organizations in economic management or operative management in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Property organizations of the Federal postal service, including the postal service, is federal property and not subject to privatization.
Decisions on the allocation of postal wagons between the organizations of the Federal postal service shall be taken by a federal body of executive power executing control activities in the field of postal services.
In order to implement the provision of postal services postal operators can use on a contractual basis property of citizens and legal persons.
Article 25. Realization of transactions with property the Federal postal service organizations in order to carry out its activities independently of the Federal postal service organization shall dispose of the property belonging to them in accordance with this federal law and other federal laws.
The Organization of the Federal postal service, for which the property was enshrined by right of economic management, independently dispose of property assigned to them, except for the property specified in part 3 of this article. The Organization of the Federal postal service, for which property establishes the operational management, enjoy the rights to possess, use and dispose of property assigned to them in accordance with the objectives of its activities and the appointment of property in accordance with the procedure determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, except for the property specified in part 3 of this article.

Transactions with immovable property belonging to organizations of the Federal postal service on the right of economic conducting or the right of operative administration, including renting it out or use or disposal of such property in any other way, shall be permitted, provided they do not result in changing the law federal ownership of the property, except as provided in part 4 of this article, and shall be conducted in accordance with the decisions of the federal body of executive power carrying out management of the postal service.
With the consent of the federal body of executive power, exercising management of the postal service, not used for the purpose of providing postal services property assigned the Federal postal service on the right of economic conducting transactions are allowed with a change in ownership, which shall be conducted in accordance with the decisions of the federal body of executive power of State property management. The Federal Executive authority which carries out the management of the postal service, has the right to withdraw in accordance with the procedure determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, the extra, unused or used for purposes other than as intended property, set the Federal postal service operational management.
The funds collected by organizations of the Federal postal service from property transactions, including leases, remain at the disposal of these organizations and may only be directed to development of production capacities and construction of objects of social sphere.
Article 26. Government support organizations of postal service public support organizations of the Federal postal service is provided by: capital investments in the creation and development of industrial, transport, information and social infrastructure of postal connection;
providing financial and logistical assistance for the development and functioning of postal connection;
granting loans in accordance with the established procedure. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) specific measures for financial, logistical and other economic support activities in the field of postal services are determined by federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 27. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 28. Investment activity in the field of postal communication investing in the development of postal services are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on investment activity.
Public investment of postal service development is carried out in accordance with the Federal law on the federal budget for the current year. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Part of lapsed federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 29. Fee for postal services postal services fee, except for universal postal services, is determined by the rates, established on a contractual basis.
Fee for universal postal services is determined in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, and confirmed by letter post on public signs of post payment. Sold public signs of post payment back not accepted and do not Exchange. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Part of lapsed federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Part of lapsed federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), chap. IV. PROVISION of the POSTAL ORGANIZATIONS Article 30. Social support of postal workers social support organizations of postal service is provided in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Postmen Federal postal service institutions solely for official purposes are provided with travel documents for all types of urban passenger transport, but also in the countryside road public transport commuter and intercity communications purchased postal transport organizations concerned organizations in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 31. The placement of objects and means of postal communication in development planning of urban and rural settlements, the design, construction and reconstruction of neighbourhoods, neighbourhoods and other elements of the planning structure, and also houses the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government in accordance with government regulations and make rules should include the design and construction of buildings and facilities to accommodate the postal service.

Land plots intended for placing of mail service objects are provided in accordance with the land legislation of the Russian Federation. The granting of land to accommodate the postal service organizations of the Federal postal service is carried out on the request of a federal body of executive power, exercising management of the postal service, or other entity acting on its behalf as a customer of the relevant works, based on project documentation approved in accordance with the established procedure. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Part of lapsed federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) land for construction of buildings and structures for prizheleznodorozhnyh post offices, offices of auto-mail transportation, railway stations, airports, sea and river ports, piers should be provided in the immediate vicinity of the station, and buildings under construction of urban post offices and postal communication nodes in the central part of the city, ensuring conditions for the exchange of mail delivered vehicles, mail cars, air, sea and internal navigation vessels. (As amended by federal law from 26.06.2007 N 118-FZ) Accommodation facilities of postal communication organizations of the Federal postal service in car, railway stations, airports, sea and river ports, piers is carried out according to technological norms.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government gives organizations the Federal postal service relevant technological standards non-residential premises in existing (or built) residential or other buildings in the manner and under the conditions prescribed by State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government.
Subscriber mail cabinets installed construction companies on the ground floors of multi-storey residential buildings. The cost of acquiring and installing subscriber mail cabinets are included in estimates of the construction of these houses. Representatives of organizations of the Federal postal service participates in the work of the commissions in operation of apartment houses. Maintenance, repair and replacement of Subscriber mail cabinets placed on owners of houses or housing-operational organizations to protect homes and appropriate use, and should be made at the expense of owners of residential buildings.
In the districts of low-rise buildings, users of postal services for receiving mail set Mail PO boxes at their own expense.
Mail delivery organizations located in multi-storey buildings is carried out through the mail cabinets strongholds established by these organizations on the ground floors of buildings. Installation and maintenance of such cabinets are carried out by the addressees.
The Organization of the Federal postal service are entitled to a gratuitous hosted mailboxes on the walls of residential and administrative buildings, in other places convenient to collect simple letters and postcards.
Accommodation at the postal communication objects of foreign organizations are allowed with the permission of the Executive Heads of the organizations of postal communication while ensuring storage security requirements of post sendings and cash and ensure the confidentiality of communications, as well as if this arrangement does not violate the conditions of providing postal services.
Article 32. The use of vehicles for the carriage of mail and postal Organizations funds are entitled to conditions of contract to transport mail and cash on all routes and lines of road, rail, air, sea and river transport, accompanied by postal workers or send mail to transport under the responsibility of the transport organizations. No transport organization cannot refuse a contract for the carriage of mail on a regular domestic and international routes, route its vehicles.
The Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport in accordance with the Treaty arranges another postal-baggage trains, includes postal and express trains of carriages of passenger trains and ensures receipt of mail trains of wagons to the platforms, convenient for loading and unloading. The exception is the postal wagons of express and passenger trains without the consent of postal organisations are not allowed.

The mail transport postal organizations must have special decals. The mail transport organizations of the Federal postal service as distinctive signs has a white diagonal stripe on a blue background, the organizations of the Federal postal service logo, inscription "mail of Russia" and can be equipped with special light signals (flashing lights). The specified mail transport has the right to unimpeded travel on all streets of the settlements and the roads of the Russian Federation, as well as the refueling queue along with cars operational and special services.
The mail transport organizations of the Federal postal service may not be brought to the provision of services and execution of works not related to postal activities, without the consent of these organizations.
The carriage of postal items and funds the Federal postal service organizations, their employees accompanying postage and cash, for permanent and temporary passages through the rivers, canals and other water objects, as well as on toll roads are made out of turn, free of charge. (As amended by the Federal law dated 10.09.2008 N 118-FZ) mail transport Travel organizations of the Federal postal service postal objects and cargo (luggage) complexes, located in car, railway stations, airports, sea and river ports, wharves, for the exchange of mail delivered cars, postal cars, air, sea and internal navigation vessels, is carried out on a priority basis and free of charge.
Chapter v. RESPONSIBILITY for ACTIVITIES in the field of postal connection, article 33. Responsibility for violation of legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of postal service federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government or officials of these bodies, postal service operators, involved in the implementation of activities in the field of postal communications of violation of this federal law, other federal laws, as well as other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Those responsible for the corruption of mailboxes, postal mail, dial no PO boxes, mail subscription mail cabinets cabinets strongholds, theft, destruction or damage of postal items, as well as those responsible for causing injury to the mail transport, property and other equipment postal operators bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 34. Postal operators ' liability for non-performance or undue performance of obligations for the provision of postal services or the execution of their postal operators in an improper manner shall be liable to the users of postal services. Postal operators liable for loss, damage occurs (injury), loss of investments, non-delivery or the violation of target dates for implementation and mail forwarding postal money transfers, other violations of the established requirements for the provision of postal services.
Losses incurred in the provision of postal services, the postal operator shall be reimbursed as follows: in case of loss or damage (damage) mail with a declared value of insured value and the amount of the tariff of fees, with the exception of the tariff charges for declared value;
in case of loss or damage (damage) of the attachments of mail with a declared value when forwarding with the inventory of an investment in the amount of the declared value of the missing or corrupted (damaged) of the attachments specified by the sender in the inventory;
in case of loss or damage (damage) of the attachments of mail with a declared value when forwarding without attachments inventory-part mail insured value defined in proportion to the ratio of the mass of a missing or corrupted (damaged) of the attachment peresylavshegosja attachment to the mass (without shell mass mail);
in the case of non-payment (failure) postal money transfer in the amount of the transfer amount and the amount of the tariff of fees;
in case of loss or damage (damage) of the other registered mail-in double the amount of the tariff of fees;
in case of loss or damage (damage) of their investments-in the amount of the tariff Board.
In case of violation of the target dates for post services and implementation of postal money transfers for personal (household) needs of citizens of postal operators pay a penalty equal to 3 percent of the postal service fee for forwarding for each day of delay, but no more than the sum paid for this service, as well as for violations of target dates for mail forwarding by air-the difference between the fee for forwarding by air and land.

Postal operators are not responsible for any loss, damage (damage), non-delivery of mail or forwarding target dates for their violation, if it is proved that such occurred due to force majeure or mail attachment properties.
Questions of liability for loss or damage (damage) international mail shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
For loss of mail or forwarding target dates for their violation, shortage or damage (damage) attachments of mail non-delivery of periodicals, shortage of funds, employees of the organizations of the Federal postal service, the fault which caused the damage or liability shall be borne in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Administrative liability for violation of the provision of postal services in part delivery (delivery) of judicial notices set code of the Russian Federation on administrative offences. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.06.2009 N 124-FZ) Article 35. Responsibility of users of postal services postal services Users incur criminal, administrative and other responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation for harm caused to other users of postal services or employees handling mail, arising as a result of investments in postage of items and substances that are prohibited to transfer, or as a result of improper packaging of forwarded attachment.
Article 36. Responsible for the forgery, use or release of the fake State philatelic and nominal things those responsible for manufacturing or selling fake State philatelic and international response coupons, as well as using fake cliché franking machines and nominal things, bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 37. The order claims In default or inadequate performance of commitments to provide postal services postal services the user is entitled to file a claim with the postal service operator, including a claim for damages.
Claims for non-delivery, delayed delivery, damaged or lost mail or non-payment of transferred funds are brought within six months from the day of filing of mail or postal remittance.
The claim shall be presented in writing and are subject to mandatory registration in the prescribed manner.
Written responses to the claims must be given as follows: claims for mail and mail transfers (remittances) sent within the same locality, within five days;
claims for all other mail, and mail transfers-within two months.
The claim is for the Federal postal service organization can be presented as at the place of reception, and destination of your mail.
The claim for the tracing of international mail are accepted and dealt with in accordance with the procedure and terms stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
In case of failure of the postal operator to satisfy the claim or, in the case of his agreement to satisfy the claim in part, or if there is no response from postal operator response within the time limit for the review of the claim, the user of postal services has the right to sue in a court or arbitral tribunal.
Article 38. The procedure for the compensation of damage reparation for the injury caused by activities in the area of postal services, is carried out voluntarily or by decision of a court or arbitral tribunal, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VI. FEATURES of postal Article 39. Use of languages in the activities of the organizations of the postal service in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on the whole territory of the Russian Federation in organizations of postal communication service paperwork is carried out in the Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation.
Addresses of the sender and the recipient of mail sent within the territory of the Russian Federation should be in Russian. Addresses of the sender and the recipient of mail sent within the territories of the republics within the Russian Federation, may be made out in the official language of the respective Republic within the Russian Federation subject to the repetition of the sender and recipient addresses in Russian.
International mail are issued and processed in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 40. Accounting and reporting time

Activities in the field of postal communication in technological processes in organizations of postal communication regardless of their location in the territory of the Russian Federation applies a single accounting and reporting time-Moscow.
International postal accounting and reporting time shall be determined in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 41. International cooperation, the Russian Federation, as a member of the Universal Postal Union, is contained in a single postal territory for the exchange of written correspondence and guaranteed throughout its territory freedom of transit.
International cooperation in the field of postal services is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
In international activities postal Federal Executive authority, supervising the activities in the area of postal services, serves as the postal administration of the Russian Federation and within the limits of authority determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, represents and defends the interests of the Russian Federation in the field of postal communication when interacting with the postal administrations of other States and international organizations, provides carrying out of calculations with other postal administrations for international mail exchange in accordance with the acts of the Universal Postal Union.
CHAPTER VII. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 42. Bringing legislation into line with the present Federal Law 1. Shall be invalidated the Federal law from August 9, 1995 "on postal communication" (collection of laws of the Russian Federation, 1995, no. 33, art. 3334).
2. (repealed-federal law on 07.07.2003 N 126-FZ) Article 43. The entry into force of this federal law 1. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. invite the President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative acts in compliance with this federal law.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N 176 July 17, 1999-FZ