About The Postal Service

Original Language Title: О почтовой связи

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On postal service Adopted by the State Duma on June 24, 1999 Approved by the Federation Council on 2 July 1999 class="ed">(In the version of federal laws of 07.07.2003) N 126-FZ; of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; dated 26.06.2007 N 118-FZ; of 14.07.2008 N 118-FZ; of 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; dated 28.06.2009 N 124-FZ; of 06.12.2011 N 409-FZ This Federal Law is intended to ensure the constitutional rights of everyone to receive, impart and disseminate information freely, to the privacy of correspondence, postal, telegraphic and other communications, establishes a system of legal guarantees for the formation and effective functioning of postal services in the territory of the Russian Federation in order to strengthen and develop the interaction of participants in economic, social and political relations, The needs of the population for postal services. CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. The subject of regulation of this Federal Law This Federal Law sets out legal, organizational, economic, financial basis of postal activities in the Russian Federation, defines the rights and duties of the State authorities of the Russian Federation, other participants in the field of postal service, determines the regulation and management of postal activities. activities, regulates legal relationships arising between operators Postal communications and users of postal services establish the status of postal organizations and establish the social guarantees of their employees. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 2. Basic concepts In order to regulate relations in the area of postal communication, the following basic concepts are used: the postal communication is a form of communication production and technological equipment for the reception, processing, transport, delivery (delivery) of mail and postal transfers; territory-a territory subject to uniform rules and regulations Postal communications establishing a common system for indexing mail objects in the territory of the Russian Federation, a single procedure for processing, processing and sending all kinds of mail; of the Russian Federation, which is open on the basis of a public contract for the use of all citizens, the State authorities of the Russian Federation, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local authorities and legal entities; international mail-Exchange of mail between postal organizations under the jurisdiction of different states; postal services-activities or reception, handling, transport, delivery (delivery) of mail, as well as postal money transfers; Universal Postal Service, postal services to meet the needs of users of postal services in the exchange of mail correspondence within the territory of the Russian Federation and available { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Prices { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Mail { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \b } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \b } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \b } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \b } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \b } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local authorities and legal entities using postal services; secret of correspondence-correspondence of correspondence, postal, telegraphic and other communications in the sphere of activity of operators Postal communications that are not subject to disclosure without the consent of the user of postal services; Postal operators, postal operators and individual entrepreneurs who have the right to provide postal services; organization of postal services-legal persons of any Legal and organizational forms that provide postal services as the main activity; Federal Postal Service, postal organizations, which are State unitary enterprises; and State institutions established on the basis of property in federal ownership; postal network is a collection of mail and postal routes; Mail Communications Objects are separate Post Office (Post Office) Post offices, post offices at railway stations and airports, post offices), as well as their structural units (postal exchange, post office, postal service and other units); mail route-mail transport between mail items; post office facilities, installations, non-residential premises, equipment and postal services, mailing envelopes and postcards, mail packagings used for postal services; mail dispatch-addressed correspondence, parcels, direct mail containers; written correspondence-simple and registered letters, postcards, socgrams, parcels and small packets; Mail service users ' data-information about citizens (surname, name, patronymic, postal address), and other users of postal services (name and postal address); postal code-symbol number the mailing address that is assigned to the mail item; The name of the device (stamp) for application to documents and postage stamps bearing the name of the postal service object (the postal service route), the date of reception and delivery of the mail and other information; public postage stamps and other signs for postage and confirmations of postal services; correspondence of state postage for payment of services mail, the date of reception of this correspondence, and other information; Mailbox is a special lockable box, designed to collect simple letters and mail cards; contact-citizen or organization to whom addresses mail, money transfer, telegraph or other message; Post Office Box is a special lockable box designed to receive mailing addresses; P.O. Box, a special filing cabinet with lockable cells, installed in houses, as well as in the delivery areas intended for mailing lists; a filing cabinets-a special filing cabinet-a special filing cabinet with lockable cells, which are aconated for a certain period of time to receive mail; the mailbox of the stronghold is a special lockable cupboard intended for the temporary storage of mail at delivery sites, or for mailing addressees. Article 3. The appointment of a postal service in the Russian Federation The postal service in the Russian Federation is an integral part of the social infrastructure of the society and contributes to the strengthening of the social and political unity of the Russian Federation, promotes the realization of the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, creates the necessary conditions for the implementation of state policy in the sphere of formation of a single economic space, promotes free movement of goods, services and financial means, freedom of economic activity. The postal service in the Russian Federation is carried out by state unitary enterprises and state institutions of postal service, other postal operators and is intended for the provision of postal services to citizens, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 4. The legal regulation of relations in the area of postal relations The relations in the field of postal communication in the Russian Federation are regulated by the Federal Law " OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Relations in the field of international postal service may be governed by decisions of international postal organizations to which the Russian Federation is a party. The procedure for the provision of postal services is regulated by the regulations of postal services approved by the Government Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation. class="ed"> Peculiarities of how to provide postal services in terms of delivery (delivery) of judicial notice are established by the rules for the provision of postal services in accordance with the rules of procedural legislation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the federal laws of 23.07.2008, } N 160-FZ; dated 28.06.2009 N 124-FZ) Article 5. The principles of postal activities Activities in the field of postal services in the Russian Federation are implemented on the basis of principles: respect for the rule of law; accessibility for all citizens and legal entities. Postal services as a means of receiving and exchanging information; respect for the rights of users of postal services; freedom of transit of postal items throughout the Russian Federation; equal rights of citizens and legal entities to participate in activities in the field of human rights of the public mail and the use of the results of this activity; ensuring the right of everyone to secrecy; ensuring the sustainability of the postal network and the manageability of it; unity of rules, Postal codes, standards, requirements and regulations. Article 6. The powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of postal communication State authorities of the Russian Federation within their competence: Postal communication areas; develop and adopt federal postal programs; set up mail links; organize state surveillance and mail controls; establish common rules, standards, requirements, and norms in postal services; implement state regulation of tariffs for universal postal services; (Paragraph 8 is no more effective-Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) defines the procedure for financing the activities of the organizations of the federal postal service; implements international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of postal communication. Article 7. The powers of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of postal communication State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall: (Paragraph of the second is lost power-Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ ) participation in the development and expansion of the postal network, as well as the harmonization of the regime of work of postal facilities of the organizations of the federal postal service in the territories of the respective constituent entities of the Russian Federation; Support for postal operators in the extension of services provided to citizens and legal entities; (Paragraph 5 is no more effective-Federal Law from 22.08.2004 g. N 122-FZ ) introduction to the federal executive branch of the executive branch of the postal service, proposals for improvement and development of the postal network in the respective territories Subjects of the Russian Federation; (Paragraph 7 has lost its power-Federal Law of 22.08.2004). N 122-FZ) (Paragraph 8 expired-Federal Act of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 8. Local self-government bodies in the area of postal service of the Local Government: assist the organization of postal services in the location of the municipality Postal communications objects, consider the proposals of the organization's data on the allocation of non-residential premises or the construction of buildings to accommodate post offices and other postal services; power-Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ) (Paragraph 4 was lost due to Federal Law 22.08.2004). N 122-FZ ) contribute to the creation and maintenance of sustainable work of local mail routes, assist postal operators in the delivery of mail to hard-to-reach locations reference dates; (Paragraph 6 is no more effective-Federal Law of 22.08.2004). N 122-FZ) (Paragraph 7 is lost-Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) (Paragraph 8 expired-Federal Act of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ ) provides assistance to postal service organizations in the location of mailboxes in the territory of the municipality, supervises the provision of residential houses by organizations operating residential houses preservation and maintenance of the state of the post office cabinets and post mailboxes. The local self-government bodies are entitled to submit proposals to the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the development of a postal network in the territory of the municipality. Article 9. Types of postal communication in the Russian Federation In the Russian Federation: public postal services implemented by State unitary enterprises, State postal institutions, and Other postal operators; special relationship of the federal executive authority responsible for the management of communications activities; federal assistant courier service; Field-Hungarian-Water relationship of the federal executive authority in the Defence. Article 10: Regulation of postal activitiesconnectivity and management of this activity The regulation and management of postal activities is carried out by federal agencies by the executive authorities in the field of communications. (...) (...) N 122-FZ) Article 11. Federal bodies of the executive power in the mail connection (Federal Act from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ Federal executive authorities in the field of communication ensure the implementation of a unified state policy in the area of postal communication and carry out general regulation and supervision Postal operators. The Government of the Russian Federation approves the regulation of federal executive authorities in the field of communications. (...) (...) N 122-FZ ) Federal executive authorities in the field of communication are granted exclusive rights to publish and distribute state postage stamps, postal services indices of postal codes in the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as the manufacture and use of personal items for the organizations of the federal postal service, formation of the State collection of postal payment marks, issuance of permits for use of franchiers and ordering them usage. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 12. Uniform norms and requirements in the field of postal communication common use Federal executive authorities in the field of communication under this Federal Law and other regulatory legal instruments OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (...) (...) N 122-FZ) Regulations on the organizational and technical support of the operation of the postal network, as well as on the operation of postal facilities issued by the federal authority The executive branch of the postal service shall be bound by all postal mail operators. Article 13. The Office of the Postal Communications Network under emergency situations The management of the postal network in emergency situations is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. The State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local authorities provide assistance to organizations for postal services in dealing with emergencies and natural disasters. Chapter II. COMMON SUPPORT SERVICES Article 14. { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } General { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 Russian Federation with equal rights of access to such services for all users of postal services; providing federal postal services for postal services in a user-friendly mode Postal communications, based on postal technology; Postal operators of the appropriate quality of postal service; State support for federal postal organizations, assistance in the development of postal organizations of other organizational and legal forms; State regulation of tariffs for universal postal services in accordance with this Federal Law and other federal laws. Article 15. The secret of correspondence, postal, telegraphic and other communications in the sphere of activity of postal operators is guaranteed by the state. The examination and opening of mail, examination of their attachments, and other restrictions on the secrecy of communications are permitted only on the basis of a judicial decision. All postal operators are required to ensure secrecy. Information about the user's address data for mail, mail, money transfers, telegraphic and other communications that are within the purview of postal operators, as well as these Mail, remittances, telegraphic and other communications are secret communications and may be issued only to senders (recipients) or their representatives. Officials and other persons, employees of postal organizations who have committed violations of these provisions are held accountable in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 16. Postal Services Postal services are provided by postal operators on a contractual basis. Under the postal service contract, the postal operator undertakes to transfer the postal order to the sender, or to carry out a postal transfer of money at the specified sender's address and to deliver (hand) them of the addressee. The user of the postal service is obliged to pay for the services rendered to him. The postal operators are required to ensure that written correspondence is sent to the users of the mail service within the deadline. The standards for the collection of written correspondence from the mailboxes, the regulations for its exchange, transportation and delivery, and the reference dates for its transmission, are approved by the authorized Government of the Russian Federation by the Federal Government of the executive branch. Terms for other mail services are provided by mail operators on their own. (In the wording of Federal Law of July 23, 2008) N 160-FZ) The postal operators are obliged to provide postal services to users of postal services, as well as the regulations approved by the Government of the Russian Federation delivery and reference dates for forwarding of written correspondence. Quality of postal services must meet established standards as well as information provided by postal operators about the conditions of service data. Article 17. Postal Operators Postal operators carry out postal services based on licenses received under the Federal Law " About Link. " These licenses, as well as certificates for postal services and services, are issued and issued by the federal executive authority operating in the field of postal communication, in accordance with the Russian legislation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION A licence to provide a postal service is a licence to perform a set of operations that make up a single manufacturing process for the provision of postal services, including reception, handling, transportation and delivery (service) of mail, as well as the carriage of employees accompanying postal items. Additional licensing of transactions constituting a single production and technological process for the provision of postal services is not permitted as separate activities. The postal operators must have the necessary technological equipment and tools for mechanization, automation and informatization available to users of postal services, information about tariffs and the rules of postal service delivery communications, time frames for mailing, operating mode, and other necessary information to facilitate access to postal services. Mail communication operators inform the users of postal services through the mass media about their activities, new services, cutting-edge achievements in technology and postal technology, can publish annual Reports are entitled to the preparation and distribution of advertisements in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, and also take into account in their work the offers of users of postal services aimed at improving their services. Article 18. Public mail organizations For public mail services, mail services are formed. Postal services of various organizational and legal forms enjoy equal rights in the provision of postal services. In order to strengthen the reliability of postal services in the Russian Federation, State support is provided for the development of a postal network of organizations providing postal services. The Federal Postal Service is administered by the federal executive authority operating in the field of postal communications. The organizations of the federal postal service are acting on the basis of statutes (regulations). The [ [ United States Postal Service]] provides universal postal services, provides other postal services that are not regulated by the state, and are implemented on a contractual basis Distribution of printed publications, delivery and issuance of pensions, benefits and other payments of special purpose, sale of securities, collection and delivery of cash proceeds, payment for utility services, payment of goods (services), cash payment using plastic cards and other activities, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The organizations of the federal postal service may, in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation, perform on an agency contract on their own behalf, but at the expense of legal persons or individual entrepreneurs who have Special authorization (licence) for the implementation of the licensed activity, or on behalf and at the expense of the specified legal persons or individual entrepreneurs, separate technological operations of the licensable activity. Preparation and adoption by organizations of postal services of decisions on the establishment, placement and liquidation of postal facilities in the territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation takes account of proposals made by public authorities OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 19. Rights of users of postal services The rights of users of postal services are protected by this Federal Law, the Federal Law " THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Citizens and organizations have equal rights to the use of public mail services in the territory of the Russian Federation. Users of postal services have the right to have free access to information about their rights, the services provided, the rules for the provision of postal services, the tariffs on them, the dates of forwarding of postal items that are prohibited to be forwarded The items and substances, the number and duration of the licence to provide postal services, the liability of postal operators to the users of postal services. Mail service users have the right to receive postage and mail transfers at their mailing address, call or use of the cells of the mail room. The addressee has the right to refuse the incoming mail or transfer of money. The users of mail services themselves determine the amount of the value of an attachment of mail with a declared value and select the package according to the rules of postal service. Article 20. Preservation of mail and cash The postal operators are required to protect the postal and cash services of users. The reception and transfer of mail and money between postal organizations is carried out with the accurate recording of mail and postal items transmitted and received in accordance with the federal regulations. The executive branch is responsible for the management of postal activities. When detecting defects of mail (discrepancy of actual mass with mass specified in accompanying documents, defect of packing, printing, reyms and other defects), the postal operator is obliged to issue and present Such mail is in the manner prescribed by the rules for the provision of postal services. Automobiles, postal wagons, air and sea vessels, as well as inland navigation vessels carrying mail and money, shall be so equipped to exclude access to No other person. Facilities and cash storage facilities must be equipped with the necessary equipment and safety-fire alarm systems and must comply with technical regulations Creepness. In order to ensure the preservation of postal, mail and money facilities, the organization of a federal postal service has the right to have a Postal Security and Safety Unit. These units provide security for postal services, mail transport and postal services, mail and money, and provide for the prevention of loss and theft. Postal and cash transfers control the restrictions on the mailing of items and substances. The Organization of the Federal Postal Service has the right to purchase a service weapon necessary to fulfil the duties assigned to them by this Federal Act to secure postal services, postal services and postal services. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The list of types of special means and service weapons to which federal postal services are provided, the order of their acquisition, recording, storage, repair and destruction shall be determined in accordance with the procedure established by the Government. of the Russian Federation. In order to protect protected objects of mail, postage and money, as well as the health and lives of people, employees of the federal postal service have the right to apply the special means available to them. service weapon. The use of special means and service weapons by employees of the federal postal service is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the Federal Law "About departmental security" for the use of special tools and service weapons by the employees of the departmental security. In each case, the use of service weapons by an employee of the federal postal service is reported to the internal affairs authority over the course of the day, and in the case of injury or death, The prosecutor and the internal affairs body at the place where the weapons were used. Article 21. Specific conditions for the delivery of postal services Mailing or transferred funds that cannot be delivered (hands) due to the inaccuracy or absence of the necessary user address data for mail services communications, the disposal of the addressee or other circumstances precluing the possibility of the postal operator being able to perform the post office postal service contract shall be returned to the sender. If the consignor refuses to receive the returned mail or returned moneys, they shall be transferred to the temporary storage of unsolicited mail and cash. If, due to the lack of necessary user address data for the user of postal services, undeliverable mail or money has not been possible to return to the sender, they are transmitted to the temporary Storage: postal items-in the number of unclaimed cash. The postmortals are to be opened in order to establish the user's address data or other information for delivery (delivery) to the addressee or return to the sender. The postage of unannounced mail is carried out only on the basis of a judicial decision. The postal operator is required to apply for temporary storage, but at least once a quarter, to the court to obtain permission to open unannounced mail. The examination of the postmortals of non-ozodata is carried out by the court at the location of the postal mail facility, which provides for temporary storage of postal items. These materials are considered by the judge alone within five days. The judge's decision on the opening of unannounced mail is the official request of the postal operator. At the request of the judge, he or she shall be provided with other materials necessary for the decision on the opening of unannounced mail. The necessary security measures must be followed when unmail is unannounced. If the preliminary study found that the nesting of non-mail-order mailpieces contains items or substances that may pose a risk to the life and health of the people during the autopsy of unannounced mail, mail The consignment may be removed and destroyed without an autopsy. If the address data of the mail service user has been set up when the unmail is opened, the postal operator sends the mail to the recipient or returns it to the sender. If mail unsolicited mail is not able to be able to be able to be able to establish e-mail address data for the unsolicited mail user, such mail is transferred to the unclaimed number of mail items. Temporary storage of unclaimed mail and money is carried out by the postal operator within six months. After the expiration of the temporary storage period, the unclaimed written messages shall be seized and destroyed. Other attachments of unclaimed postal items, as well as unclaimed cash, may be addressed to the postal operator in the manner provided for in article 226 Russian Civil Code. The procedure for the temporary storage of mail and money, as well as for the seizure, opening and destruction of postal items, is established by the Federal Government's Commissioner for Human Rights Executive power. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 160-FZ) Article 22. Restrictions on mailing items and substances In mail sent within the Russian Federation are prohibited by: a) firearms, signaling, pneumatic, Gas weapons, ammunition, cold weapons (including propellant), electro-shock devices and depositions, as well as major pieces of firearms; b) narcotic drugs, psychotropic, potent, radioactive, Explosive, poisonous, corrosive, flammable and other dangerous substances; in) poisonous animals and plants; g) the currency of the Russian Federation and foreign currency (excluding the Central Bank of the Russian Federation and its institutions); d) perishable foodstuffs; e) objects and substances which, by their nature or packaging, may pose a risk to postal workers, pollute or spoil (damage) other mail and postal equipment. Federal postal organizations have the right to detain postal items whose contents are prohibited from being forwarded, and to destroy or authorize the destruction of postal items whose contents cause damage (damage) Other postal items pose a risk to the life and health of employees of postal organizations or third parties if this danger cannot be addressed in another way. The Government of the Russian Federation shall determine the procedure for removal from postal items sent within the Russian Federation, as well as the destruction of items and substances prohibited for mailing. The list of restrictions on the forwarding of items and substances in international mail items, the order of removal from these items and the destruction of prohibited items and substances shall be established in accordance with the The customs legislation of the Customs Union in the framework of EurAsEC, the international treaties of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation on customs affairs and other legislation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 6 December 2011) N 409-FZ) Admission of legal persons carrying out activities within the limits of the Russian Federation's statutory powers, postal items containing State secrets and objects, The precious metals and precious stones, as well as the products thereof, the banknotes of the Russian Federation and foreign currency, their transportation and delivery are carried out by the forces and means of special communication of the federal executive branch, The management of communications activities. Chapter III. { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field } { \field } { \field { \field { \field The development of the public postal service Development of postal services is carried out on the basis of the implementation of the state economic, social, scientific, technical and investment policy. State authorities and local governments help to meet the public's needs for postal services, facilitate postal operators in the expansion of the species and improve their quality Postal services provided. Restrictions on the rights of postal operators to use the public mail network, depending on their organizational and legal form, are not permitted. The Federal Executive Office for Postal Operations, in cooperation with the Federal Anti-Monopoly Authority, promotes the development of commodity markets and competition, restriction and suppression monopolistic activities and unfair competition in the provision of postal services. Postal operators who are dominant in the postal service market and who engage in actions that may have or may have the effect of substantially restricting competition, infringement of the interests of other citizens, and In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, organizations, the establishment and maintenance of a shortage of postal services or the raising of tariffs on them are responsible. Article 24. The right to own property and other proprietary rights in postage of the postal service in the Russian Federation may be located in federal property, property of citizens, legal entities. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ ) In order to carry out postal services, as well as other activities under this Federal Law, postal operators may acquire the necessary equipment in accordance with THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Postal communications, access routes and other property are provided to the organizations of the federal postal service in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. The property of the federal postal organizations, including postal communications, is not a federal property and is not subject to privatization. The decisions on the distribution of postal carriages between organizations of the federal postal service are taken by the federal executive authority, which is responsible for the management of postal activities. In order to carry out postal services, postal operators can use the property of citizens and legal entities on a contractual basis. Article 25. The transactions with the property of the organizations of the federal postal service In order to carry out their activities, the organization of the federal postal service shall dispose of its own property in accordance with by this Federal Law and other federal laws. The United States Postal Services, for which the property is attached to the right to economic management, shall dispose of the property assigned to them independently, with the exception of the property referred to in part three of this article. Federal postal organizations for which property is assigned to operational management shall enjoy the rights to own, use and dispose of their property in accordance with the purposes of their activities and purpose property in the order determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, with the exception of the property referred to in part three of this article. Transactions with immovable property belonging to organizations of the federal postal service on the right to economic management or right of operational management, including leasing it or providing it with an order by other means shall be permitted, unless they entail a change in the right of federal ownership of the property concerned, except as provided for in part four of this article, and shall be conducted in accordance with the decisions the Federal Executive Office of the In the area of postal services. With the consent of the federal executive branch, which is responsible for managing postal services, in respect of the non-post-postal services provided for by the federal organization Postal communications on the right to economic management are allowed for transactions with the change of ownership rights, which are carried out in accordance with the decisions of the federal executive authority on the management of state property. The federal executive branch of the executive branch shall be entitled to withdraw excess, unused or unused property in a manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. The right of the child to education in the Republic of the Republic of Yugoslavia. The funds received by federal postal organizations from property transactions, including leases, remain at the disposal of these organizations and can only be directed towards the development of productive capacities and Construction of social facilities. Article 26. State support for mailing communications State support for federal postal services is provided through: capital investment in development and development production, transport, information and social infrastructure of postal service; providing financial and logistical support for the development and functioning of the postal service; the procedure for granting loans. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ Specific measures on financial, logistical and other economic support for postal activities are determined by federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. The Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 122-FZ) Article 27. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 28. Investment activities in the area of the postal service of the post Investments in postal development are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on investment activities. State investment in postal development is carried out in accordance with the federal law on the federal budget for the current year. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ (Part of the loss of power-Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 29. Paid for postal services Fees for postal services, other than universal postal services, are determined on the basis of tariffs established on a contractual basis. Fees for universal postal services are determined in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation and are confirmed by the written correspondence of the state postal payment signs. Sold public postage marks are not accepted or exchanged. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ (Part of the loss of power-Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ (Part of the loss of power-Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ CHAPTER IV ENSURE THE ACTIVITIES OF THE LINKED COMMUNICATIONS ' SArticle 30. Social support for employees of the organizations postal service Social support for employees of postal service organizations is provided in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Postmen of the Federal Postal Service are exclusively for official purposes, travel documents for all types of urban passenger transport, and in rural areas also for motor vehicles in general The use of suburban and long-distance services purchased by postal organizations from the relevant transport organizations in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Act from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ) Article 31. Location of facilities and postal services When planning for urban and rural development, designing, building and renovating neighbourhoods, neighbourhoods, other parts of the planning structure as well as residential buildings State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local authorities in accordance with state urban regulations and regulations should provide for the design and construction of buildings, as well as premises for The placement of mail objects. Land areas intended for postal service are provided in accordance with the land legislation of the Russian Federation. The provision of land plots for the posting of federal postal mail is carried out at the request of the Federal Executive Office, which is responsible for the management of postal activities. or another body acting on his behalf as the employer on the basis of the project documentation approved in accordance with the established procedure. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ (Part of the loss of power-Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ Land for construction of buildings and structures for railway repairs, offices of mail transportation at road, railway stations, airports, sea and river ports, wharfstans should class="ed"> to be provided in the immediate vicinity of the station building, and the construction of city post offices and postal services in the central part of the city, with the provision of conditions for the exchange of mail delivered by motor vehicles, postal carriages, air, sea and inland vessels swimming. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 26.06.2007) N 118-FZ) The placement of postal services of the federal postal service in cars, railway stations, airports, seaports and river ports is carried out according to technological standards. State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government provide federal postal organizations with appropriate technological standards for non-residential premises in existing (or under construction). The State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of local self-government. Post office cabinets are installed by building organizations on the first floors of multi-storey apartment buildings. The cost of purchasing and installing subscriber mail cabinets is included in the estimates for the construction of these houses. Representatives of the organizations of the federal postal service participate in the work of the commissions in the adoption of residential houses. The maintenance, repair and replacement of the post office cupboards shall be vested in the owners of residential houses or housing organizations, which ensure the safety and proper use of houses and are operated by Owners of houses. In areas of low-rise development, users of postal services to receive postage install the post office boxes at their own expense. The delivery of mail to organizations located in multi-storey buildings is carried out through the post offices of the team sites installed by these organizations on the ground floors. The installation and maintenance of such cabinets shall be carried out by the addressees. Federal postal organizations have the right to free posting of mailboxes on the walls of residential and administrative buildings, in other places convenient for the collection of simple letters and postcards. The location of the postal items of outside organizations is permitted with the permission of the head of the postal service, provided that the security requirements for the storage of mail and money and security are met Secrecy of the communication, as well as if such accommodation does not disrupt the conditions for the provision of postal services. Article 32. The use of vehicles for the transport of postage and cash Organization of the postal service is entitled under the terms of the contract to carry mail and money for all Routes and lines of road, rail, air, sea and river transport, accompanied by postal workers, or to transmit mail for transport under the responsibility of transport organizations. No transport organization may refuse to enter into a contract for the carriage of postal items on the regular intercity and international routes of its vehicles. The Federal Executive in the field of railway transport, in accordance with the contract, arranges for the carriage of the postal-baggage trains, includes postal wagons in the trains and passenger trains and provides reception For loading and unloading vehicles on the platform, convenient for loading and unloading. The exclusion of mail wagons from the trains and passenger trains without the consent of the postal service is not permitted. Mail transport organizations must have special distinguishing signs. Postal transport of the organizations of the federal postal service as distinguishing signs has a white diagonal stripe on the blue background, the emblem of organizations of the federal postal service, the inscription "Russian Post" and may be equipped with special lights (...) (...) The said postal transport is entitled to unimpeded passage through all the streets of settlements and roads in the Russian Federation, as well as refueling fuel, along with the vehicles of the operational and special services. The postal transport of federal postal organizations cannot be used to provide services and work outside the postal service without the consent of these organizations. Carriage of mail and money by organizations of the federal postal service, their employees, accompanying postal and cash transfers, on permanent and temporary overrights through rivers, canals and other water bodies, as well as toll roads, are made outside the queue, free of charge. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 118-FZ) In order to exchange postal items delivered by vehicles, postal carriages, air, sea and inland navigation vessels, they shall be carried out as a matter of priority and free of charge. { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \field } { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field Responsibility for violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of postal communication Federal executive authorities, executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local authorities or officials of these bodies, postal operators responsible for the conduct of postal activities in violation of this Federal Act, other federal laws, as well as other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation The Federation is responsible under the law. of the Russian Federation. Persons who are guilty of spoilage mailboxes, mail filing cabinets, postage mailboxes, mailbox filing cabinets, postage wardrobe, mail-cabinets, theft, destruction or damage to postage, as well as persons, " The infliction of damage to postal transport, property and other equipment of postal operators is liable in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 34. { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Mail { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Postal services. The liability of postal operators is due to loss, damage (damage), failure to invest, non-delivery or violation of the deadline for mailing, carrying out postal money transfers, or other violations established requirements for the provision of postal services. Losses incurred in the provision of postal services are reimbursed by the postal operator in the following dimensions: in the event of loss or damage (damage) of mail with declared value-in the amount of declared Value and amount of the tariff, except for the declared value; , in the event of loss or damage (damage) of part of the attachment of mail with the declared value when it is transferred with an attachment, in the amount The declared value of the missing or damaged portion of the attachment, by the specified sender in the inventory; in the event of loss or damage (damage) of part of the attachment of the mail with the declared value when it was forwarded without an attachment-in the amount of part of the declared value of the mail, determined in proportion to the mass of the missing or damaged portion of the attachment to the mass of the forward attachment (without the mass of the mail shell); , in the case of non-payment (non-implementation) of the postal order Remittals-the amount of the transfer and the amount of the tariff; The loss or damage (damage) of other registered postage is twice the amount of the tariff; in the event of loss or damage (damage) of part of their attachment, in the amount of the amount of the charge. In the event of violation of the deadline for mailing and carrying out postal money transfers for personal (domestic) citizens, postal operators pay a penalty fee of 3 per cent for the service Postal services for each day of delay, but no more paid for the service, as well as for the violation of the time frame for mailing by air, the difference between the payment for the transfer of air and land transport. The postal operators are not responsible for loss, damage (damage), non-delivery of mail, or violation of the reference dates of their transmission if it is proven that they have occurred as a result of circumstances the force or properties of the mail attachment. The law of the Russian Federation and the international treaties of the Russian Federation regulate the issues of liability for loss or damage (damage) of international mail. For loss of mail, or violation of the deadline for their transmission, loss or damage (damage) of mail attachments, non-delivery of periodicals, cash shortages by employees of federal organizations The postal service, which caused the damage, incurred material and other liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. The Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offences stipulates that administrative liability for violation of the rules for postal delivery (delivery) of judicial notice is established by the Code of Administrative Offences. (Part added is the Federal Law of 28 June 2009. N 124-FZ) Article 35. The responsibility of users of the services Postal Services users of postal services carry criminal, administrative and other responsibility under the laws of the Russian Federation for damage caused to others users of mail services or employees who are engaged in the processing of mail originating from the mail of items and substances that are prohibited from being sent or as a result of improper packing of the attachment. Article 36. Accountability for the counterfeiting, use, or release of forged public signs of postage payment and name Persons found guilty of manufacture for the purpose of marketing or selling knowingly false public goods In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, the letter of payment and international reply coupons, as well as the use of knowingly fraudulent clichés and personal effects, are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 37. In the event of failure or improper performance of the obligation to provide postal services, the user of the postal service has the right to submit a claim to the postal operator, including the claim for Reparation for injury. Claims for NDRs, untimely delivery, damage or loss of mail transfer or unpayment of transferred funds shall be made within six months from the date of delivery of the mail or mail Transfer of funds. The Claims shall be made in writing and subject to mandatory registration in the prescribed manner. The written responses to the claims must be given within the following time frame: for claims for mail and postal transfers of money transferred (translatable) within one locality-within five years day; claims for all other mail and cash transfers for two months. The claim for the organization of a federal postal service may be presented both at the place of reception and at the place of destination. The Claims for the search for international mail are accepted and are dealt with in a manner and time frame provided by the Russian Federation's legislation and the international treaties to which the Russian Federation is a party. In the event of failure of the postal operator to satisfy the claim, or in the event of its acceptance of the claim, either partially or in the event of non-receipt of a response from the operator within the time limits established for the review of the claim, The user of postal services has the right to bring an action before a court or tribunal. Article 38. The procedure for compensation for injury Reparation for postal activities shall be voluntary or by decision of a court or arbitral tribunal according to the procedure established by law of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter VI: SCIENCE REGARDING THE WORK AREA ON ARTICLE 39. Use of languages in the activities of organizations under the legislation of the Russian Federation throughout the territory of the Russian Federation in the organization of the post office In the Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation. The address of the consignor and the consignee of mail sent within the territory of the Russian Federation shall be made in Russian. The addresses of the sender and the recipient of mail sent within the territory of the republics of the Russian Federation may be issued in the official language of the respective republic within the Russian Federation, subject to repetition In the case of sender and recipient addresses in Russian. International mail is being processed and processed in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation. Article 40. Cost-reporting time In the process of post-communication activities in technological processes in the organization of postal services, regardless of their location in the territory of the Russian Federation, a single accounting system is used Time is Moscow. In international mail, the accounting time is determined in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation. Article 41. International cooperation , the Russian Federation, as a member of the Universal Postal Union, is part of a single postal territory for the mutual exchange of written correspondence and guarantees freedom of transit throughout its territory. International cooperation in the field of postal communications is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the international agreements of the Russian Federation. In the postal administration of the Russian Federation, the federal executive branch is the postal administration of the Russian Federation and within OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION carrying out calculations with other postal administrations for International postal exchange in accordance with the Universal Postal Union. Chapter VII. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 42. To bring legislation into line with this Federal Law 1. To recognize the repealed Federal Act of 9 August 1995 "On postal service" (Legislative Assembly of the Russian Federation, 1995, No. 33, art. 3334). 2. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 07.07.2003) N 126-FZ) Article 43. Entry into force of this Federal Law 1. This law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. 2. Invite the President of the Russian Federation and instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative legal acts into conformity with this Federal Law. President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 17 July 1999 N 176-FZ