On The Bases Of Labour Protection In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: Об основах охраны труда в Российской Федерации

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102061039

Expired-the Federal law from 30.06.2006 N 90-FZ of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION federal law on the basis of labour protection in the Russian Federation adopted by the State Duma June 23, 1999 the year approved by the Federation Council of the year July 2, 1999 (as amended by the federal laws of the 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ;
from 01/10/2003 N 15-FL; from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ) this federal law establishes the legal framework for regulation of relations in the field of labour protection between employers and employees and aims to create working conditions that meet the requirements of maintaining the life and health of workers in the course of employment.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. The basic concepts used in the present Federal law for the purposes of this federal law uses the following concepts: occupational safety and health-system maintaining the life and health of workers in the course of employment, which includes legal, socio-economic, organizational, technical, sanitary, medical, rehabilitation and other activities;
working conditions-a set of factors of production and the labour process Wednesday, affecting performance and health of the worker;
harmful production factor-factor of production whose impact on employee may cause disease;
dangerous factor of production-production factor, whose impact on the worker may cause injury;
safe working conditions-working environment, in which the impact on the working of the harmful or hazardous production factors excluded or their impact levels do not exceed the established norms;
workplace-a place in which an employee must reside or in which he must arrive in connection with his work and which is directly or indirectly under the control of the employer;
means of individual and collective employee protection technical means used to prevent or minimize employee exposure to harmful or hazardous production factors, as well as for protection against pollution;
certificate of conformity of works for labour safety (safety certificate) is a document certifying that the works carried out on occupational safety and Health established the State regulatory requirements of labour protection;
industrial activity is a set of actions with the use of tools needed to transform resources into manufactured products that include the production and processing of various raw materials, construction, providing different types of services.
Article 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection and its scope of application 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this federal law and other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. The effect of this federal law applies to employers;
workers made up with employers in labour relations;
members of cooperatives involved in collaborative production and other economic activities, based on their personal labor participation;
students of educational institutions of higher vocational and secondary vocational education, students, educational institutions, vocational, secondary vocational education and the educational institutions of secondary (full) General, basic general education, passing an industrial practice;
troops to be sent to work in the Organization;
citizens serving sentences upon conviction, during the period of their employment in organizations.
3. Citizens of the Russian Federation, employed in other States, subject to the law on labour protection State, employer and to foreign citizens and stateless persons working in organizations under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, subject to the law on labour protection of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by an international treaty of the Russian Federation.
4. If an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those provided for in this federal law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
Article 3. State labour protection regulations 1. National regulatory requirements for safety and health at work (hereinafter referred to as the requirements of labour protection) contained in federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on labour protection, establishes rules, procedures and criteria aimed at protecting the life and health of workers in the course of employment.

2. labour protection requirements are obligatory for execution by legal and natural persons referred to in paragraph 2 of article 2 hereof, in carrying out any activities, including in the design, construction and operation of facilities), construction machines, tools and other equipment, the development of technological processes, organization of production and labour.
3. the procedure for development and approval of the normative legal acts on labour protection, as well as the timing of their review shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. The main directions of the State policy in the field of occupational safety and health 1. The main directions of the State policy in the field of occupational safety are: ensuring the priority the preservation of life and health of workers;
the adoption and implementation of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on labour protection, as well as federal, sectoral and territorial targets targeted programmes to improve the conditions and protection of labour;
governance of labour protection;
State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection;
facilitating public scrutiny of the observance of the rights and legitimate interests of employees in occupational safety and health;
investigation of accidents at work and occupational diseases;
protection of the legitimate interests of employees affected by accidents at work and occupational diseases, as well as members of their families on the basis of obligatory social insurance of employees against accidents at work and occupational diseases;
setting compensation for heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions, fatal in modern technical level of production and work organization;
coordination of activities in the field of labour protection, environmental protection Wednesday and other economic and social activities;
the spread of advanced domestic and foreign experience to improve the conditions and protection of labour;
State participation in financing labour protection measures;
training and rising proficiency level of experts on occupational safety and health;
Organization of State statistical reporting on working conditions, industrial injuries, occupational diseases and on the financial implications;
ensuring the functioning of the unified information system of labour protection;
international cooperation in the field of labour protection;
an effective fiscal policy, enabling the creation of safe working conditions, development and introduction of safe equipment and technologies, production of individual and collective employee protection;
establishment of the procedure of providing employees with the means of personal and collective protection, as well as the ablutions and devices, treatment-and-prophylactic means at the expense of the employers.
2. Realization of basic directions of State policy in the field of labour protection is ensured by the concerted actions of the State authorities of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-administration, employers, associations of employers and trade unions, associations and other authorized workers representative bodies on labour protection.
Article 5. The powers of State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection to the powers of State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection include: identification of the main directions and implementation of a uniform State policy in the field of labour protection in the territory of the Russian Federation;
the development and adoption of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation on labour protection;
defining the foundations of the State administration of labour protection;
development and implementation of federal targeted programmes and the improvement of working conditions and labour protection and monitoring their implementation;
definition of labour protection expenditure at the expense of the federal budget;
definition of the structure, objectives, functions and powers of the organs of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements;
a single order of investigation of accidents at work and occupational diseases;
system definition and implementation of State expertise of working conditions (as amended by federal law from 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ);
Organization and carrying out of certification of works for labour safety in organizations;
Organization of training of specialists on labour protection, establishment of unified requirements to testing knowledge of persons responsible for occupational safety and health;

securing the cooperation of State authorities of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-administration, employers, associations of employers and trade unions, associations and other authorized workers representative bodies in the implementation of State policy in the field of labour protection;
coordination of scientific-research work and disseminate domestic and international experience to improve the conditions and protection of labour;
Organization of State statistical reporting on working conditions, industrial injuries, occupational diseases and on the financial implications;
international cooperation in the field of labour protection;
other powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection.
Article 6. The powers of the organs of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection to the powers of the organs of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection include: the implementation of State policy in the field of labour protection in the territory of the Russian Federation;
the adoption of laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on labour protection;
governance of labour protection in the territory of the Russian Federation;
participation in the development and implementation of federal targeted programmes to improve the conditions and protection of labour;
territorial development and approval of targeted programmes to improve working conditions and occupational safety, monitoring their implementation;
definition of labour protection expenditure at the expense of the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
development and implementation of economic interest of employers in providing a safe working environment;
Organization of training of specialists on labour protection, occupational safety requirements knowledge test persons responsible for occupational safety and health;
Organization and implementation of State expertise of working conditions, certification works for labour safety in organizations (as amended by federal law from 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ);
transfer to local authorities if necessary individual authority for governance of labour protection in the territories of the municipalities;
other powers not expressly reserved to the competence of the organs of State power of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection.
Article 7. Powers of local self-government bodies in the field of labour protection bodies of local self-government shall ensure realization of basic directions of State policy in the field of labour protection within their powers and authority delegated by the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the established procedure.
CHAPTER II. RIGHT and guarantees the RIGHT of EMPLOYEES to WORK in conditions that meet the requirements of LABOUR PROTECTION Article 8. An employee's right to work in conditions that meet the requirements of labour protection every employee has the right to: workplace occupational safety requirements;
compulsory social insurance against industrial accidents and occupational diseases in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;
getting reliable information from your employer, relevant authorities and public organizations on the conditions and protection of labour in the workplace, on the current risk injury, as well as measures to protect against exposure to harmful or hazardous production factors;
refusal to perform work in case of danger to his life or health due to violation of the requirements of labour protection, except in cases provided for by federal laws, to eliminate such dangers;
provision of means of individual and collective employee protection in accordance with the requirements of labour protection at the expense of the employer;
learning safe methods and techniques of labour at the expense of the employer;
retraining at the expense of the employer in the event of liquidation of the workplace as a result of violations of labour protection requirements;
request for verification of the conditions and protection of labour at his workplace by State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements or public bodies monitoring compliance with labour protection requirements;
recourse to the governmental bodies of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, to the employer, employers ' associations, as well as trade unions, their associations and other authorized representative bodies of workers on OSH;
personal involvement or participation, through their representatives on issues related to safe working conditions at his workplace, and in the investigation of the incident with him an accident at work or an occupational disease; it
extraordinary medical examination (examination) in accordance with medical advice with saving him the place of work (position) and the average wage at the time of the specified medical examination;

compensation set by the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the collective agreement (Agreement), the labour agreement (contract), if he is busy in heavy work or work in harmful or dangerous conditions.
Article 9. Guarantees the right of employees to work in conditions that meet the requirements of labour protection 1. The State guarantees the protection of the workers of their right to work in conditions that meet the requirements for safety and health at work.
2. Working conditions provided for in the employment contract (contract) must meet the requirements for safety and health at work.
3. at the time of suspension of the works in connection with the suspension of the activities or temporary prohibition of activities as a result of violations of labour protection requirements is not at fault for it saved the place of work (position) and average earnings. At this time, with the consent of the employee can be reassigned to another job the employer pay for work, but not below average earnings on previous work (as amended by federal law from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ).
4. In case of refusal of the employee to perform work in case of danger to his life or health, except for the cases provided by paragraph 3 of this article and other federal laws, the employer must give the employee other work while the hazard (as amended by federal law from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ).
If other work is not possible, for objective reasons employee downtime until the danger to his life or health shall be paid by the employer in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
5. In the event of failure of an employee by means of individual and collective protection (in accordance with the rules) the employer is not entitled to demand that the employee perform employment duties and must pay the incurred for this reason simple, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
6. Refusal of the employee to perform work in case of danger to his life or health due to violation of labour protection requirements or from performing heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions not provided for in the employment contract (contract) does not entail its disciplining.
7. In the event of harm to life and health of a worker in the performance of employment duties refund of that injury shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
8. in order to prevent and address violations of the law on labour protection, the State ensures the Organization and exercise of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements and establishes the liability of employers and officials for violation of these requirements.
Article 10. Limitation of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions 1. In heavy work or work in harmful or dangerous conditions the use of female labour is prohibited and persons under the age of eighteen, as well as persons to whom the specified job are contraindicated due to health problems.
2. lists of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions under which the use of female labour is prohibited and persons under the age of eighteen years, are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation in the light of consultations with the employers ' associations, the all-Russian associations of trade unions.
CHAPTER III. ENSURING LABOR PROTECTION Article 11. Governance of labour protection 1. State occupational safety management is carried out by the Government of the Russian Federation directly or on behalf of the federal body of executive power responsible for occupational safety, and other federal bodies of executive power.
2. distribution of authority of federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of labour protection is carried out by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. Federal bodies of executive power, which, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation is granted the right to perform certain functions of the normative legal regulation, special licensing, supervisory and monitoring functions in the field of labour protection, are obliged to harmonize their requirements of labour protection, as well as coordinate with the federal executive body responsible for labour protection.
4. Governance of labour protection in the territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authorities and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection within their powers.
Article 12. Safety service organization 1. In order to ensure compliance with the requirements of labour protection, to monitor their implementation within each organization carrying out production activities, with more than 100 employees of labour protection service is created or introduced occupational safety specialist who has appropriate training or experience in this area.

2. In an organization with 100 or less employees of the decision on the establishment of the occupational safety service or imposing labour protection specialist, was adopted by the employer, taking into account the specifics of your organization.
In the absence of labour protection service (specialist in occupational safety) the employer concludes an agreement with experts or organizations providing services in the sphere of labour protection.
3. the structure of the safety service organization and employees occupational safety services are defined by the employer, taking into account the recommendations of the federal body of executive power responsible for safety and health at work.
Article 13. Committees and commissions on labour protection 1. In organizations with more than 10 employees employers created committees and commissions for the protection of labour. In their composition on a parity basis includes representatives of employers, trade unions or other authorized representative body of workers.
2. the Committee (the Commission) for the protection of Labour organizes the development section of the collective agreement (the agreement) on labour protection, the joint action of the employer and the employees to ensure the requirements of labour protection, the prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases, as well as inspections of working conditions and occupational safety in the workplace and inform employees of the results of these checks.
Article 14. The obligations of the employer to ensure that workers enjoy safe working conditions and labour protection 1. Responsibilities to ensure safe working conditions and labour protection in the Organization are vested in the employer.
2. the employer shall ensure that employees in security maintenance of buildings, installations, equipment, the implementation of technological processes, as well as in the production of raw materials;
the application of individual and collective employee protection;
conforming to occupational safety labour conditions at each workplace;
mode of working and rest time of employees in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
acquisition at the expense of own funds and the issuance of special clothing, special footwear and other personal protection equipment, washing and obezvrezhivajushhih means in accordance with the established norms of workers employed in work in harmful or dangerous conditions, or work performed in special temperature conditions or pollution-related;
learning safe methods and techniques of execution, coaching, training on occupational safety and health in the workplace workers and check their knowledge of the requirements of labour protection, avoidance of work of persons who have not been identified in accordance with the established procedure training, coaching, training and testing of knowledge of labour protection requirements;
the Organization of the monitoring of working conditions in the workplace, as well as the correctness of the use by workers of personal and collective protection;
the conduct of workplace certification on working conditions with the subsequent certification works for labour safety in the Organization;
holding at the expense of own means of mandatory prior (when they work) and periodic (during employment) medical examinations (surveys) of extraordinary medical examinations (surveys) employees at their request in accordance with medical advice with keeping them working place (position) and the average wage at the time of these medical examinations;
exclusion of workers to carry out their duties without undergoing mandatory medical examinations, as well as in the case of medical contra-indications;
informing the employees about the conditions and protection of labour at workplaces, on the current risk injury and compensation accruing and means of individual protection;
provision of public administration bodies, bodies of the state labor protection supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements of information and documents necessary for the exercise of their powers;
the adoption of measures to prevent accidents, the preservation of life and health of the employees when such situations arise, including provision of first aid to the victims;
investigation in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation for accidents at work and occupational diseases;
sanitary and domestic treatment and preventive maintenance of workers in accordance with the requirements of labour protection;
unrestricted admission of officials of the State administration of labour protection, the bodies of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements, the social insurance fund of the Russian Federation, as well as representatives of bodies of public control in order to carry out inspections of working conditions and occupational safety in the Organization and the investigation of accidents at work and occupational diseases;
fulfillment of orders of officials of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection and consideration of the submissions of public control bodies in terms established by the legislation;

compulsory social insurance of employees against accidents at work and occupational diseases;
to familiarize employees with the requirements of labour protection.
Article 15. Obligations of employees in occupational health: the employee must comply with the requirements of labour protection;
correctly apply means of individual and collective protection;
study safe methods and techniques of execution, coaching, training on occupational safety and health in the workplace and test the knowledge of labour protection requirements;
immediately notify their immediate supervisor or any situation that threatens the life and health of the people of each accident at work, or about the deterioration of his health, including signs of acute illness (poisoning);
pass obligatory preliminary (at entry) and periodic (during employment) medical examinations (examinations).
Article 16. Conformity of production facilities and production requirements of labour protection 1. Projects of construction and reconstruction of industrial objects, as well as machinery and other production equipment, processes must meet the requirements for safety and health at work.
2. It is prohibited to construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment of production facilities, production and introduction of new technology, the introduction of new technologies without examination of the conclusions of the State of working conditions of compliance referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, health projects, as well as relevant bodies without permission of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements.
3. new or renovated facilities cannot be put into operation without the opinions of the relevant organs of the State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements.
4. Prohibited the use in the production of harmful or dangerous substances, materials, products, goods and services for which no methods and means of metrological control and toxicological (hygiene, biomedical) score which was not done.
5. In the case of the use of new, not used in the organization previously, harmful or hazardous substances, the employer is obliged to use these substances to develop and agree upon with the appropriate public authorities of supervision and control over compliance with the requirements of labour protection measures to preserve the life and health of workers.
6. Cars, machinery and other production equipment, vehicles, technological processes, materials and chemicals, individual and collective employee protection, including the automobiles of foreign production must conform to the requirements of labour protection, established in the Russian Federation, and have certificates of conformity.
Article 17. Providing employees personal protective equipment 1. In work in harmful or dangerous conditions, or work performed in special temperature conditions or pollution-related workers are issued by certified personal protective equipment, and wash away the wastewater treatment in accordance with the rules approved in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
2. Acquisition, storing, washing, cleaning, repairs, disinfection and decontamination of personal protective equipment of workers are carried out by employer's expense.
Article 18. Occupational safety training and training on occupational safety and health 1. All employees of the Organization, including its leader, were required to undergo training on occupational safety and test the knowledge of labour protection requirements in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
2. For all incoming persons, as well as for the persons transferred to another job, the employer (or a person authorized by him) is obliged to hold briefing on labour protection, safe training methods and techniques used to perform works and first aid to the injured.
3. For those coming to work in harmful or dangerous conditions, on which, in accordance with the legislation on labour protection requires professional selection, the employer provides training to safe methods and techniques used to perform works with training in the workplace, and exams, and in the course of employment-a periodic training on occupational safety and testing requirements for safety and health at work.
4. The State promotes occupational safety training in educational institutions of primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education and initial vocational, secondary vocational, higher and postgraduate vocational education.
5. the State provides training for OSH specialists in educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education.
Article 19. Funding to improve the conditions and protection of labour

1. Financing of the activities to improve the conditions and protection of labour is carried out within the framework of sectoral and territorial federal targeted programmes to improve the conditions and protection of labour at the expense of the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local budgets and extra-budgetary resources in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the normative legal acts of representative bodies of local self-government.
2. Financing of the activities to improve the conditions and protection of labour is carried out by: funds from fines exacted for violation of the labour legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection, distributed in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation;
voluntary contributions from organizations and individuals.
3. Financing of the activities to improve the conditions and protection of labour in organizations regardless of organizational-legal forms (except for Federal State enterprises and federal agencies) in the amount of not less than 0.1 per cent of the cost of production (works, services) and in organizations concerned with operational activities in the amount of at least 0.7 per cent of the operating costs.
4. In sectors of the economy, the Russian Federation, in the territories, as well as in organizations labour protection funds may be established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
5. The employee shall not bear the cost of measures to improve the conditions and protection of labour.
CHAPTER IV. State supervision and monitoring of COMPLIANCE with the LAW on LABOUR PROTECTION, article 20. State supervision and control 1. State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection are carried out by the Federal Labour Inspectorate-a single federal centralized system of public authorities.
2. the Federal Labour Inspectorate is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. State labour inspectors in the performance of their duties, have the right to: freely at any time of the day when there are certificates of the established sample to visit to conduct inspections of all legal forms;
request and receive free of charge from the heads and other officials of the organizations, bodies of executive power, bodies of local self-government, employers documents explaining the information required to perform supervisory and monitoring functions;
withdraw to analyse samples used or processed materials and substances;
investigate accidents in the established order;
to bring managers and other officials of the organizations mandatory instructions about elimination of infringements of legislation on labour protection, about bringing the perpetrators of these violations to disciplinary action or to remove them from Office in the prescribed manner;
(seventh paragraph of ineffective federal law from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ);
remove from the work of persons who have not completed training in accordance with the established procedure safe methods and techniques of execution, coaching, training on occupational safety and health in the workplace and test the knowledge of labour protection requirements;
prohibit the use and production of not having certificates of conformity or not satisfying the requirements of occupational safety equipment for individual and collective employee protection;
bring to administrative responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, those responsible for violations of occupational safety requirements, if necessary, to invite them to the Labour Inspectorate in connection with the production of cases and materials, as well as send materials to law enforcement agencies on bringing the aforementioned persons criminally liable;
Act as experts in court on claims of violation of the legislation on labour protection and compensation for harm caused to the health of employees at work.
4. State labour inspectors are Federal Government employees.
5. State labour inspectors are responsible for illegal actions or failure to act in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
6. State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements along with the Federal Labour Inspectorate are carried out by federal authorities, who have been granted the right to exercise oversight and control functions within their powers.
Article 21. State expertise working conditions 1. State expertise of working conditions is carried out by the federal body of executive power and executive bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation responsible for safety and health at work (as amended by federal law from 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ).
2. State examination of working conditions is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation (as amended by federal law from 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ).


3. the tasks of the State expertise of working conditions are the conditions and protection of labour, quality of workplace certification on working conditions, accuracy compensation for heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions, as well as the preparation of proposals on the designation of organizations of professional risk class in accordance with the results of certification works for labour safety in organizations.
Conclusion of State expertise of working conditions is mandatory grounds for consideration of the Court of justice the question of the Elimination of the organization or its affiliates in identifying violations of occupational safety requirements.
4. State examination of working conditions is carried out in the workplace, when designing the construction and reconstruction of industrial objects, as well as upon request of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements and judicial bodies, occupational health and safety management, employers, associations of employers, employees, trade unions, associations and other authorized workers representative bodies (as amended by the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ).
5. employees, performing State expertise working conditions, have the right to freely in the presence of the established sample identity to attend an organization of all organizational and legal forms, request and obtain necessary for conducting the State expertise of the working conditions of the documentation.
Article 22. Public control over occupational health and safety 1. Public control over the observance of the rights and legitimate interests of workers in the field of labour protection is carried out by professional unions and other authorized workers representative bodies that have the right to establish their own inspection for this purpose, and also to elect Commissioners (trusted) persons for the protection of labour unions and other authorized workers representative bodies.
2. Trade unions in the face of their respective bodies and other authorized workers representative bodies have the right to monitor employers labour protection laws;
to conduct an independent review of conditions and safety of the employees of the Organization;
to participate in the investigation of accidents at work and occupational diseases, as well as exercising their independent investigation;
receive information from executives and other officials of the organizations on the conditions and protection of labour, as well as on all accidents at work and occupational diseases;
demands to suspend work in cases of threats to the lives and health of employees;
extradite employers mandatory consideration of submissions on Elimination of revealed violations of occupational safety requirements;
to check conditions and labour protection, fulfilment of the obligations of employers on labour protection stipulated by collective agreements and agreements;
to participate in the work of the commissions of tests and acceptance into operation of production facilities and means of production as independent experts;
to participate in the drafting of normative legal acts on labour protection, as well as to coordinate them in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation;
contact the appropriate authorities with the requirements for bringing to justice those responsible for violations of occupational safety requirements, concealment of facts for occupational accidents;
take part in the examination of labour disputes related to violation of the law on labour protection obligations under collective contracts and agreements, as well as changes in working conditions.
3. authorized person (trusted) for the protection of labour unions and other authorized workers representative bodies have the right to verify the compliance with occupational safety organizations and make mandatory the consideration of proposals by officials on Elimination of revealed violations of labour protection requirements.
Chapter v. RESPONSIBILITY for VIOLATION of LABOUR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS in article 23. Responsibility of organizations for the production and supply of products not satisfying the requirements of labour protection Organizations producing and supplying products that do not meet the requirements of labour protection, reimburse consumers damages in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 24. Liability for violation of labour protection requirements persons guilty in violation of labour protection requirements, failure to comply with obligations concerning labour protection, stipulated in collective agreements, employment contracts (contracts), or impeding the activities of representatives of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with labour protection requirements, as well as public control bodies shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 25. The suspension of the activities of organizations or their structural units as a result of violations

labour protection requirements 1. In cases where the activities of organizations or their structural units, maintenance of equipment are carried out with life-threatening and health violations of labour protection requirements specified activities and exploitation may be suspended by court order (as amended by federal law from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ).
2. (para. 2, federal law expired from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ).
Article 26. Organization liquidation or cessation of activities of its structural units as a result of violations of labour protection requirements the decision on liquidation or cessation of activities of organization of its structural unit was adopted by the Court on the request of the head of the executive body responsible for labour protection, or leaders of the Federal Labour Inspectorate and its territorial bodies on the findings of a State examination conditions.
CHAPTER VI. Final clauses article 27. About repealing certain legal acts in connection with the adoption of this federal law shall be declared null and void: Fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection (Gazette of the Congress of people's deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1993, no. 35, art. 1412);
the Decree of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation "on the procedure of enacting the basic legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection" (records of the Congress of people's deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1993, no. 35, p. 1413);
Federal law "on amending the regulation, paragraph 1 of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation" on the procedure of enacting the basic legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection "(collection of laws of the Russian Federation, 1996, no. 28, art. 3346);
Article 2 of the Federal law on amendments and additions to the labour code of the Russian Federation, the fundamentals of the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection, code of CRIMINAL PROCEDURE of the RSFSR on administrative offences and the Criminal Code of the RSFSR "(collection of laws of the Russian Federation, 1995, no. 30, art. 2865);
Article 30, paragraph 2 of the Federal law "on compulsory social insurance against industrial accidents and occupational diseases" (collection of laws of the Russian Federation, 1998, N 31, art. 3803).
Article 28. Enforcement of regulatory legal acts in compliance with this federal law to the President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative acts in compliance with this federal law within six months from the date of its entry into force.
Article 29. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin July 17, 1999 N 181-FZ