On The Bases Of Labour Protection In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: Об основах охраны труда в Российской Федерации

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Overtaken by force-Federal Law of June 30, 2006 N 90-FZ Russian Federation FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION adopted by the State Duma on 23 June 1999 Federation 2 July 1999 (In the wording of federal law of 20.05.2002) N 53-FZ; of 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ; of 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ) This Federal Law establishes the legal framework for regulating labour protection relations between employers and employees and aims at creating conditions of work that meet the requirements The preservation of the life and health of workers in the work process. CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Key concepts used in this Federal Law For the purposes of this Federal Act, the following basic concepts are used: Occupational Safety and Health Protection System Labour process, including legal, socio-economic, organizational, technical, sanitary, curative, preventive, rehabilitative and other activities; working conditions-a set of factors of the production environment and the labour process affecting the worker's health and health; harmful production factor is the production factor that can lead to the worker's disease; hazardous manufacturing factor is a production factor The effect of which on the worker may lead to his injury; safe working conditions-working conditions in which exposure to hazardous or hazardous work factors is excluded or their effects are not exceed the established standards; work place is the location where The employee must be in or out of which he or she is required to come in connection with his work and which is directly or indirectly controlled by the employer; individual and collective protection of employees-technical means, used to prevent or reduce exposure to hazardous or hazardous working factors and to protect against pollution; Work safety certificate (security certificate)-document, of the Convention on the Rights of the Child of the state regulatory requirements of labor protection; production activity is the sum of the actions of people using the tools necessary to turn resources into finished products that include themselves Production and processing of various kinds of raw materials, construction, rendering of different kinds of services. Article 2. Russian Federation law on protection work and scope 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on labour protection is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this Federal Act, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. This Federal Act applies to: employers; workers with employers in the labour relations; members of cooperatives participating in joint production and other activities. Economic activity based on their personal participation; students of higher vocational and secondary vocational education institutions, students in initial vocational training institutions, Secondary vocational education and training The establishment of intermediate (full) general, basic general education in production practice; military personnel assigned to work in the organization; citizens serving a sentence in court, work in the organizations. 3. Nationals of the Russian Federation employed in other States are subject to the law on the protection of the labour of the employer State, and to foreign nationals and stateless persons working in organizations under the jurisdiction of the State. The Russian Federation shall be subject to the legislation on labour protection of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise provided in an international treaty to which the Russian Federation is a party. 4. If an international treaty to which the Russian Federation is a party establishes rules other than those provided for by this Federal Act, the rules of the international treaty shall apply. Article 3. State regulatory requirements Labor Protection 1. State normative requirements of labour protection (hereinafter referred to as labour protection requirements) contained in federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation The Labour Protection Federation sets out rules, procedures and criteria for the preservation of the life and health of employees in the course of work. 2. The requirements of labour protection are binding on the legal and natural persons referred to in article 2, paragraph 2, of this Federal Act in the exercise of any activity, including design, construction (...) (...) 3. The procedure for the development and approval of secondary legislation on labour protection, as well as the duration of their review, shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 4. The main directions of state policy are labor protection 1. The main directions of the state policy in the field of labor protection are: ensuring the preservation of life and health of workers; adoption and implementation of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION State occupational safety management; State supervision and Monitoring of compliance with occupational safety requirements; promoting public control over the rights and legitimate interests of workers in the field of labour protection; diseases; Protection of the legitimate interests of workers who have suffered from accidents at work and occupational diseases, as well as members of their families on the basis of compulsory social insurance for workers from accidents production and occupational diseases; Compensation for hard work and work with hazardous or hazardous working conditions, unmitigated at the current technical level of production and organization of work; coordination of labour protection activities; Activities in the field of environmental protection and other economic and social activities; dissemination of best domestic and foreign experience in working to improve working conditions and safety; participation States in financing labour protection activities; Training and development of occupational health professionals; organisation of State statistical reporting on working conditions, occupational accidents, occupational diseases and material Effects; to maintain a unified information system for labour protection; international cooperation in the field of labour protection; effective tax policy that encourages the creation of safe working environment, development and deployment of safe equipment and technologies, the production of individual and collective protection of workers; establishing procedures for the provision of individual and collective protection to workers, as well as ablutions and facilities, Treatment and prophylactic means at the expense of employers. 2. The implementation of the main directions of the state policy in the field of labor protection is ensured by the coordinated actions of the state authorities of the Russian Federation, the state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local authorities. Self-government, employers, employers ' associations and trade unions, associations and other authorized workers of representative labour protection bodies. Article 5. The powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection The powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection are: -The development and adoption of federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation on labour protection; Define the basis of State occupational safety management; Development and implementation of federal targeted and sectoral targeted programmes for improving conditions and occupational safety and monitoring their implementation; determining labour protection expenditure from the federal budget; Definition of the structure, tasks, functions and powers of State supervision and enforcement of labour protection; establish a uniform procedure for investigating accidents at work and professional diseases; system and order definition The implementation of the State review of the working conditions (as amended by the Federal Act of 20 May 2002). N 53-FZ); organization and certification of work safety in organizations; Training of specialists in labour protection, establishment of uniform requirements for verification of knowledge of the persons responsible for security Safety of work; to ensure interaction between the State authorities of the Russian Federation, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local authorities, employers, employers ' associations, and trade unions, their associations and other Authorized employees of representative bodies in the implementation of public policies in the field of labour protection; coordination of research work and dissemination of best domestic and world experience of improvement work Conditions and protection of labour; State statistical reporting on working conditions, occupational injuries, occupational disease and material consequences; areas of labour protection; other authorities OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 6. The powers of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection The powers of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection include: Implementing the State policy on labour protection in the territory of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation; adoption of laws and other regulatory legal acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation on labour protection; State management of labour protection in the territory of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation Federation; participate in the development and implementation of federal targeted programmes for improving the conditions and safety of labour; (a) Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child; Organization of training in labour protection, knowledge testing Occupational safety requirements by those responsible for occupational safety; organizing and conducting state examinations of working conditions, certification of labor protection in organizations (editorial offices) Federal Act No. N 53-FZ); devolution of powers to local governments, where necessary, to the public administration of labour protection in the municipalities ' territories; other powers not assigned to OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 7. The powers of local self-government bodies in the area of labor protection of the local self-government bodies ensure the implementation of the main directions of the state policy in the field of labor protection within the limits of their powers, as well as OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter II. THE RIGHT AND GUARANTEES FOR LABOUR PERFORMANCE IN THE CONDITIONS OF STORAGE Article 8. The worker's right to work under conditions relevant labour protection requirements Every worker has the right to: labor protection workplace; mandatory social Insurance against accidents at work and occupational diseases in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation; of public organizations on the conditions and protection of employment in the workplace, Risk of damage to health, as well as measures to protect against harmful or dangerous production factors; Refusal to perform work in the event of danger to his/her life and health as a result of a breach of security requirements Labour, except in cases provided for by federal law, until such danger is eliminated; to provide individual and collective protection to employees in accordance with the requirements of labour protection employer; training in safe methods and techniques at the expense of Employer's funds; vocational retraining at the expense of the employer in the event of the elimination of the workplace due to the violation of labour protection requirements; a request for a check of conditions and occupational safety The working place of the State supervision and monitoring of compliance with the requirements of labour protection or the bodies of public monitoring of compliance with the requirements of labour protection; authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation of local self-government, employers, employers ' associations and trade unions, associations and other authorized labour protection agencies; personal participation or participation through of their representatives in dealing with issues related to the provision of safe working conditions in his workplace and in investigating his workplace accident or occupational disease; Medical examination (survey) according to medical conditions The recommendations are made with the retention of the place of work (positions) and average earnings for the time of the said medical examination; the compensation provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the law of the subjects The Russian Federation, a collective agreement (agreement), an employment contract (contract), if it is engaged in arduous work and work with harmful or dangerous working conditions. Article 9. Guarantees of employees ' right to work under conditions applicable labor protection 1. The State guarantees workers protection of their right to work in conditions that meet the requirements of labour protection. 2. The working conditions provided for in the employment contract (contract) must be in accordance with the requirements of labour protection. 3. At the time of suspension of work due to suspension of activities or temporary prohibition of activities due to violation of labour protection requirements, the employee is not charged with the job (post) and the average salary. At this time, an employee with his or her consent may be transferred by the employer to other work with pay for the work performed, but not less than the average wage in the previous work (in the wording of the Federal Law dated 09.05.2005. N 45 FZ) 4. If a worker refuses to work in the event of danger to his or her life or health, except in the cases provided for in paragraph 3 of this article and other federal laws, the employer is obliged to provide A worker in another job at the time of elimination of such danger(as amended by the Federal Law of 09.05.2005). N 45-FZ). If other work is not done for objective reasons, the employee's idle time until the risk to his or her life and health is paid by the employer in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation. 5. In the event of failure to provide the worker with the means of individual and collective defence (in accordance with the regulations), the employer may not require the employee to perform his or her duties and is obliged to pay for this simple reason THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 6. Refusal to perform work in the event of danger to his/her life or health due to the violation of labour protection requirements, or from heavy work and hazardous or hazardous working conditions not provided for in the labour market A contract (a contract) does not entail disciplinary action. 7. In the event of harm to the life and health of the employee in the course of his or her work duties, the compensation of the said harm shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 8. In order to prevent and remedy violations of labour protection legislation, the State ensures the organization and implementation of State supervision and monitoring of compliance with the requirements of labour protection and establishes the liability of the employer and Officials for violation of these requirements. Article 10. Restrict the execution of heavy work and work with harmful or hazardous working conditions 1. The employment of women and persons under the age of 18 is prohibited in arduous work and work with harmful or dangerous working conditions, as well as persons who are shown to be in a state of health. 2. The lists of heavy work and work with harmful or dangerous working conditions, which prohibit the employment of women and persons under 18 years of age, are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, taking into account the consultations with the All-Russian Federation Associations of employers, the All-Russian associations of trade unions. Chapter III. TBFRA ' S PROTECTION Article 11. The State Occupational Safety Administration 1. The State administration of labour protection is carried out by the Government of the Russian Federation directly or on its behalf by the federal executive authority responsible for labour protection and other federal executive bodies. authority. 2. The Government of the Russian Federation carries out the distribution of the powers of the federal executive authorities in the field of labour protection. 3. Federal executive authorities, which have the right under Russian law to exercise separate regulatory functions, special permissive, supervisory and monitoring functions In the area of labour protection, they are obliged to coordinate their labour protection requirements and to coordinate their activities with the federal executive body responsible for labour protection. 4. The State administration of labour protection in the territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation is carried out by the federal executive authorities and the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of labour protection within their borders. Credentials. Article 12. Security Service in the organization 1. In order to ensure compliance with the requirements of labour protection, the monitoring of their implementation in each organization carrying out productive activities, with the number of more than 100 employees, a job security service or a post is being established a labour protection specialist with relevant training or experience in this field. 2. In an organization with a strength of 100 or less employees, the decision to establish a labour protection service or the establishment of a labour protection specialist is made by the employer, taking into account the specific nature of the activity of the organization. In the absence of a labour protection service (occupational health specialist), the employer enters into a contract with specialists or organizations providing labour protection services. 3. The structure of the labour protection service in the organization and the number of employees of the occupational health service are determined by the employer, taking into account the recommendations of the federal executive authority responsible for labour protection. Article 13. Committees (commissions) on labour protection 1. In organizations with more than 10 employees, the employers ' committees (commissions) on labour protection are established. They are composed on a parity basis by representatives of employers, trade unions or other authorized officials of the representative body. 2. The Committee (Commission) for Labour Protection shall organize the development of a section of the collective agreement (agreements) on labour protection, the joint action of the employer and the employees to ensure occupational safety, the prevention of occupational accidents and the safety of workers. Occupational diseases, as well as the conduct of workplace inspections and occupational health checks and awareness of the results of these inspections. Article 14. The employer's obligations to provide safe conditions and labor protection 1. It is the employer's responsibility to ensure the safety and security of work in the organization. 2. The employer is obliged to ensure: safety of employees in the operation of buildings, installations, equipment, process and materials used in the production of raw materials and materials; Individual and collective protection of employees; applicable labour protection requirements in each workplace; Labour and rest hours of employees in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation; and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Acquisitive clothing, special footwear and other personal protective equipment, washing and defusing funds in accordance with established standards for workers employed in harmful work or hazardous working conditions as well as work in special temperature or pollution conditions; training in safe methods and techniques, training on occupational safety, on-the-job training workers and their knowledge of the requirements of labour protection, prevention of the work of persons, Training, instruction, training and review of knowledge of occupational safety requirements in the prescribed manner; to monitor conditions of work in the workplace, as well as to ensure that workers are properly employed Tools for individual and collective protection; to certify jobs on conditions of work, followed by certification of labor protection in the organization; holding out of its own means (on entry into employment) and periodic (labour) (a) Medical examinations (examinations) of employees, extraordinary medical examinations (examinations) of employees upon request, in accordance with medical recommendations, with their place of work (posts) and average earnings per person Time for the medical examinations; prevent workers from performing their duties without having to undergo compulsory medical check-ups and in the case of medical contraindications; workers in the workplace and in the workplace Risk of damage to health and its compensations and personal protective equipment; The work of the information and documents necessary for the exercise of their powers; taking measures to prevent accidents, to preserve the life and health of workers in such situations, including the provision of first aid; investigation in established OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Unimpeded access of officials of the State administration of labour protection, State supervision and supervision of compliance with the requirements of labour protection, the bodies of the Social Insurance Fund of the Russian Federation, and Representatives of the public monitoring bodies for the purpose of conducting inspections Conditions and protection of labour in the organization and investigation of industrial accidents and occupational diseases; compliance with the requirements of government officials and supervision of compliance with security requirements Labour and examination of submissions of public oversight bodies within the time limits established by law; compulsory social insurance for workers from industrial accidents and occupational diseases; familie workers with the requirements of labor protection. Article 15. The employee's duties in the field of labor protection Worker: Comply with labor protection requirements; correctly apply individual and team protection; to learn safely work methods and techniques, guidance on labour protection, on-the-job training and verification of occupational safety requirements; immediately notify his immediate or higher supervisor about any situation that threatens of the lives and health of the people, production, or deterioration of their health, including signs of acute occupational disease (poisoning); must undergo mandatory preliminary (if at work) and periodic (during (a) (b) (c). Article 16. Conformity of production facilities and products with occupational safety requirements 1. Projects for the construction and reconstruction of production facilities, as well as machines, machinery and other production equipment, must meet the requirements of labour protection. 2. Construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment of production facilities, production and introduction of new technologies, introduction of new technologies without conclusions of the state examination of working conditions according to the conditions specified in paragraph 1 are prohibited. of this article of the draft articles concerning the requirements of labour protection and without the authorization of the relevant State supervision and supervision of compliance with the requirements of labour protection. 3. New or reconstructed production facilities may not be put into operation without the appropriate State supervision and supervision of compliance with labour protection requirements. 4. The use in the production of harmful or dangerous substances, materials, products, goods and services for which no methods or means of metrological control and toxicological (sanitary and hygienic conditions) are prohibited are prohibited. -Bio-medico-biological) evaluation of which has not been conducted. 5. In the case of new, harmful or hazardous substances not used in the organization, the employer is bound to develop and coordinate with the relevant authorities and compliance monitoring before using these substances Occupational health and safety requirements. 6. Machinery, mechanisms and other production equipment, vehicles, process processes, materials and chemicals, means of individual and collective protection of workers, including foreign production, must comply with the labour protection requirements established in the Russian Federation and have certificates of conformity. Article 17. Providing employees with tools for individual security 1. In working with hazardous or hazardous working conditions, as well as in work performed in special temperature conditions or pollution related work, employees are given certified personal protective equipment, cleaning and defusing in the workplace In accordance with the rules adopted by the Government of the Russian Federation. 2. Purchasing, storing, washing, cleaning, repairing, disinfecting and defusing personal protective equipment shall be carried out at the expense of the employer. Article 18. Occupational Health and Safety Training Training 1. All employees of the organization, including its head, are obliged to undergo training in labour protection and to check the knowledge of labour protection requirements in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. 2. The employer (or the person authorized by him) is obliged to carry out instruction in the protection of labour, to organize training in safe methods and techniques and to provide training for all persons who are employed, as well as for those who are transferred to other jobs. First aid to victims. 3. For persons entering work with harmful or hazardous working conditions, where occupational screening is required under the labour protection legislation, the employer shall ensure that safe methods and techniques are provided for the work with which they are employed. Training in the workplace and examinations, and in the process of work, to conduct periodic training in labour protection and to test knowledge of the requirements of labour protection. 4. The State shall promote the organization of education in the field of labour protection in educational establishments of primary, general, secondary (full) general education and primary vocational, secondary vocational, higher professional and vocational education. Postgraduate vocational training. 5. The State provides vocational training for labour protection specialists in secondary vocational and higher vocational education institutions. Article 19. Financing for improvement conditions and labor protection 1. Financing of measures to improve conditions and protection of work is carried out within the federal, sectoral and territorial special programs of improvement of conditions and labor protection at the expense of the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Financing of measures to improve conditions and protection of labour is also financed by: funds from fines charged for violation of the Russian Federation's legislation on labour and legislation on protection The number of voluntary contributions made by the Government of the Russian Federation and the voluntary contributions of organizations and individuals. 3. Funding for the improvement of working conditions and safety in the organizations, regardless of the organizational and legal form (excluding federal government enterprises and federal agencies), is at least 0.1 per cent of the amount Cost of production (works, services) and in operational organizations-at least 0.7% of operating costs. 4. In the economic sectors, the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in the territories, as well as in organizations, labour protection funds may be established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 5. The employee does not bear the cost of financing the improvement of conditions and the protection of labour. CHAPTER IV. PUBLIC OVERSIGHT AND MONITORING OF THE COMPLIANCE OF Article 20, Article 20. State supervision and control 1. State supervision and enforcement of labour protection requirements are carried out by the Federal Labour Inspectorate, a single federal centralized system of State bodies. 2. The Federal Labour Inspectorate is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. 3. State labour inspectors, in the exercise of their duties, have the right: unhindered at any time of the day when there is an established pattern of visits for the purpose of conducting an inspection of the organization of all forms of organizational and legal form; to request and receive free of charge from the heads and other officials of organizations, executive authorities, local government bodies, employers ' documents, explanations, information, required to perform oversight and control functions; check out for Analyse samples of materials and materials used or processed; investigate work-related accidents; charge managers and other officials of the organizations with mandatory Enforcement of orders for the elimination of violations of the labour protection law, to bring the perpetrators of such violations to disciplinary responsibility or to remove them from office in due course; (paragraph 7, paragraph 7), is the Federal Act of 9 May 2005. N 45 FZ); Remove persons who have not been trained in safe methods and practices, job security training, on-the-job training and knowledge of labour protection requirements; prohibit the use and production of individual and collective worker protections for workers; bring to administrative responsibility OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Persons responsible for violations of labour protection requirements, to invite them to labour inspection when necessary in connection with cases and materials in production, as well as to send to law enforcement agencies materials on the involvement of these persons in criminal proceedings Responsibility; to act as experts in court for claims of violation of labour protection law and compensation for harm caused to workers ' health in the workplace. 4. State labour inspectors are federal civil servants. 5. State labour inspectors are responsible for unlawful acts or omissions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 6. State supervision and enforcement of labour protection requirements, together with the Federal Labour Inspectorate, are exercised by the federal executive authorities, who have the power to exercise oversight and control within the limits of my responsibilities. Article 21. State examination of working conditions 1. The State examination of working conditions is carried out by the federal executive body and the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation responsible for labour protection (in the wording of the Federal Law dated 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ). 2. State examination of working conditions is carried out in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation (as amended by the Federal Law of 20.05.2002 N 53-FZ 3. The tasks of the State examination of working conditions are the control of working conditions and safety, the quality of the performance appraisal of jobs in working conditions, the correctness of the compensation for heavy work and the work with harmful or dangerous work. Working conditions and the preparation of proposals to classify organizations as a professional risk in accordance with the results of certification of labour protection in the organizations. The conclusion of a state examination of working conditions is a mandatory basis for the court's consideration of the liquidation of the organization or its unit in the identification of violation of labour protection requirements. 4. State examination of working conditions is carried out in the workplace, in the design of construction and reconstruction of production facilities, as well as at the request of state oversight bodies and supervision of compliance with occupational safety requirements and the judiciary, labour protection authorities, employers, employers ' associations, workers, trade unions, associations and other authorized officials of representative bodies dated 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ) 5. Employees carrying out State examinations of working conditions shall have the right to visit the organizations of all legal forms, without hindration, without hindration, and to request and obtain without payment the necessary documents. State examination of the working conditions of the documentation. Article 22. Public control of labor protection 1. Public control over the observance of the rights and legitimate interests of workers in the field of labour protection is carried out by trade unions and other authorized officials, who are entitled to create their own Inspection, as well as the election of authorized (trustee) persons for the protection of the labour protection of trade unions and other authorized officials of representative bodies. 2. Trade unions, through their respective bodies and other authorized officials, have the right: to monitor compliance by employers with labour protection legislation; Independent evaluation of the working conditions and safety of the workers of the organization; to participate in the investigation of accidents at work and occupational diseases, and to exercise them independently investigation; receive information from managers and others Employees of organizations on conditions and occupational safety, as well as on all accidents at work and occupational diseases; present requirements for suspension of work in cases of threat to life and health of employees; provide employers with mandatory views on the elimination of detected breaches of occupational safety requirements; to verify the conditions and safety of the workplace, to meet the obligations of employers ' security employers The work of collective agreements and agreements; take part in the work of testing commissions and acceptance of production facilities and means of production as independent experts; to participate in the drafting of the regulatory legal framework (a) The need for the protection of the rights of the child; Labour, concealment of accidents at work; To participate in labour disputes involving violation of labour protection legislation, obligations under collective agreements and agreements, and changes in working conditions. 3. Authorized persons (trusted) for the protection of labour unions and other authorized officials of the representative bodies have the right to verify compliance with occupational safety requirements in organizations without hinders and to make obligatory for them. Consideration by the officials of a proposal for the elimination of identified violations of occupational safety requirements. { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \field { \field } { \field { \field { \field { \field The responsibility of organizations for the production and supply of products that do not meet the requirements of the labor protection of the organization that produce and supply products that do not meet the requirements of labor protection are reimbursed For consumers, the harm caused in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 24. Liability for violation of the protection requirements work Persons responsible for violations of labour protection requirements, non-performance of labour protection obligations provided for in collective agreements and agreements, labour contracts (contracts) or obstructions to the performance of State supervision and supervision of compliance with the requirements of labour protection, as well as public oversight bodies, are liable under Russian law. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 25. Suspending the activities of the organizations or their structural units as a result of violations of labour protection requirements 1. In cases where the activities of the organizations or their structural units, the operation of the equipment are carried out with hazardous workers ' safety and health hazards, the activities and exploitation may be carried out In the wording of the Federal Law of 09.05.2005, the court suspended by court decision. N 45 FZ) 2. (Paragraph 2 is no more effective-Federal Law of 09.05.2005) N 45 FZ) Article 26. Elimination of the organization or termination of the activities of its structural unit as a result of the violation of occupational safety requirements The units are accepted by the court at the request of the head of the executive branch responsible for labour protection, or the heads of the federal labour inspectio and its territorial bodies, subject to the opinion of the State expert examination. Working conditions. Chapter VI: FINAL PROVISIONS Article 27. Recognition of redundant separate normative legal acts in relation to adoption of this Federal Law Accept invalid: Russian Federation Labour Protection Law, 1993, N 35, Art. 1412); Order of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation on the procedure for enacting the laws of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 1413); Federal Act amending paragraph 1 of the order of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3346); Article 2 of the Federal Law " On Amendments and Additions to the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, Fundamics of Legislation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2865); Article 30, paragraph 2, of the Federal Law "On compulsory social insurance against accidents at work and professional life" Russian Federation, 1998, N 31, sect. 3803). Article 28. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal law within six months from the date of its entry into force. Article 29. Entry into force of this Federal Law This Federal Law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 17 July 1999 N 181-FZ