On Civil Protection

Original Language Title: О гражданской обороне

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102051585

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on civil protection Adopted by the State Duma of December 26, 1997 year approved by the Federation Council January 28, 1998 onwards (as amended by the federal laws of 09.10.2002 N 123-F3;
from 14.06.2004 N 51-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ;
from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; from 25.11.2009 N 267-FZ;
from 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ; from 23.12.2010 N 377-FZ;
from 02.07.2013 N 158-ФЗ; from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ;
from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ; from 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ) this federal law defines tasks, the legal basis for their implementation and the powers of the organs of State power of the Russian Federation, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self government and organizations in the field of civil defense. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Grazhdanskaya oborona-concepts preparations for system protection and to protect the population, material and cultural values on the territory of the Russian Federation from the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (As amended by the Federal law of 29.06.2015 N 171-FL) civil defence activities-organizational and special activities in the field of civil defence in accordance with federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation;
territory related to the civil defense, the land on which the town or other locality that has significant defence and economic importance, with the it objects representing high hazard emergencies in times of war and peace;
requirements in the field of civil defense-special conditions (rules) exploitation of the technical systems of the civil defence and civil defence assets, the use of and content of the warning systems, means of individual protection, other special machinery and civil defence assets, established by federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation;

abnormal formation of enforcement activities by civil defense units, created by organizations from a number of its employees to participate in enforcement activities on civil defence and not involving a threat to life and health of people urgent works on liquidation of emergencies; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ), the Office of civil defense-focused activities of the authorities responsible for civil defence training to the maintenance and conduct of civil defence; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 171-FL) civil defence management system is an integral part of the system of the Government of the Russian Federation, designed to meet the challenges in the field of civil defence and represents the totality of bodies involved in the management of civil defence, as well as management and technical means of providing control of civil defence; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) of the Organization, in accordance with established procedure related to the categories of civil defence organizations depending on defense and economic importance, with mobilization tasks (orders) and (or) represent a high degree of potential hazard emergencies in times of war and peace, as well as the unique historical and cultural objects; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ) to prepare the population in the field of civil defense-training system for population activities in case of danger and risks arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, in emergency situations of natural and man-made disasters. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ)

(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ), Article 2. Civil defence challenges the main tasks in the field of civil defense are: to prepare the population in the field of civil defence;
to alert the population about the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character;
evacuation of the population, material and cultural values in the safe areas;
providing people with the means of personal and collective protection;
the light disguise and other kinds of camouflage;
the conduct of rescue and other urgent work in case of danger for the population in armed conflicts or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character;
primary sustenance of the population affected during armed conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character;
fire-fighting, when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts;

detection and designation of areas affected by radioactive, chemical, biological or other contamination;
sanitization of the population, the decontamination of buildings and structures, special processing techniques and the territories;
to restore and maintain order in the war-affected areas in conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character;
urgent restoration of functioning of essential public services in time of war;
urgent burying corpses in wartime;
ensuring the sustainability of organizations required for the survival of the population in armed conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character;
ensure permanent readiness forces and civil defence assets.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.06.2015 g. N 171-FZ) t s t b I 3. Legal regulation in the field of civil defence 1. Legal regulation in the field of civil defence is carried out in accordance with this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Bodies of local self-government within the limits of its powers can take municipal legal acts regulating civil defence issues. (As amended by the Federal law of 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ)
2. If an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this federal law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
T s t b I 4. Principles of organization and conduct of civil defense 1. Organization and management of civil defense is one of the most important functions of the State, the constituent parts of defense construction, ensuring the security of the State. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
2. preparation of the State to conduct civil defence carried out in advance, in time of peace, in the light of the development of weapons, military equipment and means of protection of the population against the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made disasters. (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ)
3. Civil Defence on the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas begins with the announcement of a State of war, the actual outbreak of hostilities or the imposition of martial law, the President of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas as well as in emergency situations of natural and man-made disasters. (As amended by the Federal law dated 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ) Article 4-1. Coordination of activities of civil defence and civil defence coordination bodies of the Office of civil defense, Office of the civil defense forces and means, information interaction of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self government and organizations in solving problems in the field of civil defence as well as in information support of decision-making in the field of civil defense exercise : at the federal level, the day-to-day management body (the national crisis management center), administered by the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation;
at the interregional and regional levels day-to-day management bodies (crisis management centres), administered by the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense, in the manner prescribed by the Federal Executive Body authorized to address challenges in the field of civil defense.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ), chapter II. The powers of State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of civil defense with t a t b I 5. The powers of the President of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation: determines the main directions of State policy in the field of civil defence (new paragraph 2 is supplemented by federal law of 09.10.2002 N 123-FZ) approves the plan of civil defence and protection of the population of the Russian Federation; (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) puts into effect the plan of civil defence and protection of the population of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas in full or in part; (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)

approves the structure, composition and rescue military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence personnel of military and civilian personnel of these military units and rescue military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws on 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ; from 23.12.2010 N 377-FZ) exercise other powers in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 6. The authority of the Government of the Russian Federation the Government of the Russian Federation: provides a unified State policy in the field of civil defence;
directs the Organization and conduct of civil defence;
publishes the normative legal acts in the field of civil defence and organizes drafting federal laws in the field of civil defence;
determines the procedure for rating territories to civil defence teams depending on the number of resident population and the existence of organizations playing a significant role in the State economy or affect the safety of the population and organizations-civil defence categories depending on the role of the State in the economy or affect the security of the population;
determines the order the evacuation, material and cultural values in safe areas; (new paragraph six supplemented by federal law of 09.10.2002 N 123-FZ) defines how the population in the field of civil defence (new paragraph seventh augmented by Federal Act of 09.10.2002 N 123-F3; (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) defines the procedure for the establishment of shelters and other civil defence assets, as well as the order of accumulation, storage and used for civil defense stockpiles of logistical, food, medical and other means;
determines the order in which the alerting civil defence; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ) exercise other powers in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and of decrees of the President of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 7. Authority of federal bodies of executive power in the field of civil defense, federal bodies of executive power within the limits of their authority and in the manner prescribed by federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation: accept normative acts in the field of civil defense, bring their demands to the attention of the organizations under their control, and control their implementation; (As amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ), develop and implement civil defense plans, agreed with the Federal Executive authority authorized to address challenges in the field of civil defense, organizing civil defense activities, including the establishment and preparation of the necessary forces and means; (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) shall implement measures aimed at the preservation of objects essential for sustainable functioning of the economy and the survival of the population in time of war; (As amended by the Federal law dated 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ) shall establish and maintain a State of constant readiness of technical management system of civil defence and warning the population in areas where potentially hazardous installations managed by the aforementioned federal bodies of executive power, the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (As amended by the federal laws of 02.07.2013 N 158-ФЗ; from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) create and provide to civil defense stockpiles of logistical, food, medical and other means;
define the list of organizations implementing civil defense activities of a federal body of executive power. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) chapter III. The powers of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, institutions, rights and duties of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of civil defence Article 8. The powers of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government in the areas of civil defence 1. The executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation: organizing civil defense activities, develop and implement plans for civil defence and protection;
within the limits of their authority shall establish and maintain a State of readiness of the civil defence forces and assets; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) organize training in the field of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ)

create and maintain in a State of constant readiness for technical civil defence management system, warning the population about the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character, defenses and other objects of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws of 02.07.2013 N 158-ФЗ; from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) planning activities in preparation for the evacuation, material and cultural values in the safe areas, their placing, deploying medical and other institutions necessary to give priority to ensure the affected population;
plan activities for the maintenance of sustainable organizations in wartime;
create and provide to civil defense stockpiles of logistical, food, medical and other means;

provide timely notification of the population, including emergency alert the population about the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 02.07.2013 N 158-ФЗ) (As amended by the Federal law of 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) define the list of organizations to ensure that activities at the regional level on civil defense. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ)
2. Local self-government bodies independently within the boundaries of the municipalities of: civil defence activities, develop and implement plans for civil defence and protection;
training of the population in the field of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) shall establish and maintain a State of constant readiness for the municipal alert system of the population on the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character, defenses and other objects of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws of 02.07.2013 N 158-ФЗ; from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) carry out preparations for the evacuation of the population, material and cultural values in the safe areas;
carry out priority measures to maintain the sustainability of the organizations in wartime;
create and provide to civil defense stockpiles of food, medicines and other means of individual protection;

provide timely notification of the population, including emergency alert the population about the dangers that arise when military conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 02.07.2013 N 158-ФЗ) (As amended by the Federal law of 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) within the limits of their authority shall establish and maintain a State of readiness of the civil defence forces and resources needed to address the issues of local significance; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) define the list of organizations supporting local-level activities on civil defense. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) t s t b I 9. Powers in the field of civil defence organizations 1. Organization within its powers and in the manner prescribed by federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation: plan and organize activities for civil defense;
carry out activities to maintain its sustainable operation in wartime;
training to their employees in the field of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) (Repealed-federal law N 28.12.2013 404-FZ) create and provide to civil defense stockpiles of logistical, food, medical and other means.
2. The organization, in accordance with established procedure related to the categories of civil defense, establish and maintain a standby emergency formation to enforce civil defence activities.
Organizations operating hazardous production facilities I and II classes of danger, particularly dangerous nuclear radiation dangerous production objects and structures are extremely high risk and high risk of hydraulic installations, as well as organizations operating hazardous production facilities (III) hazard class assigned in the prescribed manner to the categories of civil defense, establish and maintain a State of readiness in emergency rescue formation.
Model how to create non-standard groups to enforce civil defence activities is determined by the Federal Executive Body authorized to address challenges in the field of civil defense.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ)

3. Organizations operating hazardous production facilities I and II classes of danger, particularly dangerous nuclear radiation dangerous production objects and structures are extremely high risk and high risk structures, establish and maintain a ready local warning systems. (Para supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) t s t b I 10. The rights and duties of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of civil defence of citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation: training in the field of civil defence; (As amended by the federal laws from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; from 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) take part in other activities on civil defence;
assist State authorities and organizations in addressing the challenges in the field of civil defense.
Chapter IV. Civil Defense manual from t a t b I 11. Civil Defense manual 1. The leadership of civil defence in the Russian Federation the Government of the Russian Federation.
1-1. State policy in the field of civil defense exercises, the federal body of executive power, authorized by the President of the Russian Federation for civil defence. (Para supplemented by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
2. the management of the civil defense in federal executive authorities and organizations carry out their heads. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
3. the management of civil defence in the territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and municipal entities exercise respectively the head of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and heads of local self-government bodies. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
4. Heads of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government and entities bear personal responsibility for the Organization and conduct of activities on civil defence and protection. (As amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ)
5. (repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 12. Authorities exercising the Office of civil defence bodies engaged in the civil defense are: 1) the Federal Executive authority authorized to address challenges in the field of civil defence;
2) territorial authorities-regional centres for civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters and the authorities empowered to tackle the challenges of civil defense and challenges for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations on the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Territorial authorities-regional centres for civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters and the authorities empowered to tackle the challenges of civil defense and challenges for the prevention and elimination of emergency situations on the subjects of the Russian Federation, are completed by members of the rescue of the military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence, the Federal fire service officers and civilian personnel. (As amended by federal law from 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ) heads of these territorial units are appointed in accordance with the established procedure by the head of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense, military rescue military formations of the federal body of executive power, those officers of the Federal fire service and civilian personnel, except those appointed and dismissed by the President of the Russian Federation; (As amended by federal law from 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ) 3) structural units of federal bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence; (As amended by the Federal law of 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ) 4) structural units (workers) organizations authorized to address challenges in the field of civil defense, created (assigned) in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 13. The Federal Executive authority authorized to address challenges in the field of civil defence for the purpose of realization of the State policy in the field of civil defence, the Federal Executive authority authorized to address challenges in the field of civil protection is implementing appropriate regulation, as well as specials, permissive, supervisory and monitoring functions in the field of civil defense. (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) t s t b I 14. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)

Chapter v. the civil defence force t s t b I 15. The civil defence force 1. The civil defence force rescue military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence units of the State fire service, rescue formation and abnormal formation of enforcement activities on civil defence as well as created in wartime in order to meet the challenges in the field of civil defense special forces. (As amended by the federal laws on 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ; from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) 2. The armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops and military formations perform tasks in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
To meet the challenges in the field of civil defence military units and units of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops and military formations engaged in the order determined by the President of the Russian Federation.
3. Emergency services and rescue formation engaged to meet the challenges in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
4. Emergency Rescue formation involved for liquidation of emergency situations in accordance with the established procedure of action when the genesis and development of the emergency, as well as to meet the challenges in the field of civil defence in accordance with the civil defence plans and protect the population on the decision of an official exercising the leadership of civil defence in the territory concerned. (Para supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ)
5. Abnormal formation of the enforcement activities of civil defense are drawn for problem solving in the field of civil defence in accordance with the civil defence plans and protect the population on the decision of an official exercising the leadership of civil defence in the territory concerned. (Para supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) Article 16. Basis of the rescue of the military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defence 1. In service with the military rescue of a federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense, is special Technics, as well as the martial manual small arms and bladed weapons.
2. Soldiers rescue military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense issued the identity card of the established sample, confirming their status, and the international civil defence decals.
3. military rescue military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense, can serve on military positions or not at military posts in the specified federal body of executive power, territorial bodies and organizations.
4. rescue Activities of military forces of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense, completing their military and civilian personnel (Federal Government civil servants and employees), the social protection of servicemen and members of their families, as well as the financing of activities of these military units is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.12.2010 N 377-FZ)
5. the activities of the rescue of the military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil protection, carried out since the announcement of a State of war, the actual outbreak of hostilities or the imposition of martial law, the President of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas as well as in peacetime, during natural disasters, epidemics, epizootics, major accidents, catastrophes, endangering the health of the population and requiring rescue and other urgent works.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law from 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ) t s t b I 17. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), chapter VI. Final clauses article 18. Funding for civil defence and protection of the population 1. Support for measures on civil defence and protection of the population carried out by federal authorities, including the contents of the rescue of the military formations of the federal body of executive power, authorized by the decision of tasks in the field of civil defense, is spending commitment of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 27.07.2010 N 223-ФЗ)
2. Activities at the regional level on civil defence, protection of population and territories of subjects of the Russian Federation is spending commitment of the Russian Federation.

3. local-level activities on civil defence, protection of population and territories municipal district is spending commitment of the municipality.
4. civil defence activities undertaken by the organizations are carried out at the expense of the organizations. (Para supplemented by federal law from 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ) (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) t s t b I 19. Responsibility for violation of legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of civil defense Failure officials and citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of civil defence duties attracts the responsibility according to the legislation of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 20. The entry into force of this federal law 1. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. Other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation shall be subject to adjustment in accordance with this federal law.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N 28 February 12, 1998-FZ