On Civil Protection

Original Language Title: О гражданской обороне

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On Civil Defence adopted by the State Duma on 26 December 1997 Approved by the Federation Council on 28 January 1998 class="ed">(In the federal laws of 09.10.2002) N 123-FZ; 19.06.2004 N 51-FZ; of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; of 25.11.2009 N 267-FZ; dated 27.07.2010. N 223-FZ; of 23.12.2010 N 377-FZ; of 02.07.2013 N 158-FZ; of 28.12.2013 n 404-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ; of 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ This Federal Law defines the tasks, the legal basis for their implementation and the powers of the state authorities of the Russian Federation, the executive authorities of the subjects OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (...) (...) N 122-FZ) G l in a I. General provisions Article 1. Basic concepts Civil defence-a system of measures to prepare for the protection and protection of the population, material and cultural property in the territory of the Russian Federation conflicts, or because of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (In the wording of the Federal Law 29/06/2015 N 171-FZ) Civil defence activities-organizational and special activities carried out in the field of civil defence in accordance with federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation; territory classified as a civil defence group-the territory on which a city or other populated area has an important defence and economic significance, with objects of high importance to it The danger of military and peacetime emergencies; Civil defence requirements-special conditions (rules) for the operation of civil defence management systems and civil defence facilities, the use and maintenance of alert systems, and personal protective equipment; Other special equipment and civil defence assets established by federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation; of civil defence-formations established by the organizations from among their employees to participate in the implementation of civil defence activities and to carry out urgent work on the life and health of people in emergency situations; Federal Law of 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) Civil defence management-purposeful activity of bodies conducting civil defence management, organizing preparation for the conduct of civil defence; (Paragraph The law is supplemented by the federal law of 29.06.2015. N 171-FZ)Civil Defense Management System is an integral part of the Russian Federation's public administration system, designed to solve civil defence tasks and represents A combination of civil defence authorities, as well as control points and technical means for the administration of civil defence; (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ classified in the prescribed manner to the civil defense categories of the organization, depending on the defense and economic importance of mobilization missions (orders) and (or) representing a high degree of potential danger of emergencies in time of war and peace, as well as objects unique to historical and cultural objects; (Paragraph is added to the Federal Law > 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ)Civil defence training-a system of measures to educate the population in the event of threat of military conflict or risk of these conflicts, in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 30 December 2015. N 448-FZ (Article in the wording of the Federal Law of 19.06.2007) N 103-FZ) Article 2. Civil Defence Tasks The main tasks in the field of civil defense are: Civilian Training Defence; alert the population to the dangers arising from military conflicts or conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technological nature; evacuation of the population, material and cultural property to the safe areas; the population of individual and collective protection; conduct of light cloaking and other types of masking; populations in situations of armed conflict or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technological nature; conflict, as well as in emergency situations, natural and Man-made nature; fighting fires in military conflicts or as a consequence of these conflicts; detection and designation of areas affected by radioactive, chemical, biological or other contamination; Sanitary treatment of the population, decontamination of buildings and installations, special treatment of equipment and territories; restoration and maintenance of order in areas affected by military conflicts or as a consequence thereof as well as in emergency situations of natural and technological character; emergency restoration of necessary public services in wartime; military burial of corpses in wartime; ensuring the sustainability of the organizations necessary for the survival of the population in armed conflict or as a consequence of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technological character; to ensure the continued readiness of the forces and means of civil defence. (Article as amended by Federal Law dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) C t I am 3. Legal regulation in the area of civil defence 1. Legal regulation in the field of civil defence is governed by this Federal Law, other federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, by regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. The local authorities may, within the limits of their powers, accept municipal legal acts governing civil defence matters. (...) (...) N 171-FZ 2. If an international treaty to which the Russian Federation is a party establishes rules other than those established by this Federal Act, the rules of the international treaty shall apply. C t I am 4. The principles of organization and maintenance of Civil Defence 1. The organization and conduct of civil defence are among the most important functions of the state, integral parts of defense construction, and ensuring the security of the state. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-F) 2. The preparation of the State for the conduct of civil defence shall be carried out in advance in peacetime, taking into account the development of weapons, military equipment and the means of protecting the population against the dangers arising from armed conflicts or of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and manmade nature. (In the wording of federal laws, May 19, 2007 N 103-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ 3. The conduct of civil defence in the territory of the Russian Federation or in some of its territory begins with the declaration of the state of war, the actual outbreak of hostilities or the introduction of martial law by the President of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of the Federal Law of June 19, 2007) N 103-FZ) Article 4-1. Coordination of the activities of the governing bodies Civil defence and civil defence forces OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION defence, as well as in the implementation of the Civil defence decisions are supported by: at the federal level-the daily management authority (the National Crisis Management Centre), administered by the federal executive body The authorities mandated to deal with civil defence tasks, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation; at interregional and regional levels-daily management centres (crisis management centres) and situations) under the responsibility of the federal executive The authorities mandated to perform civil defence tasks in accordance with the procedure established by the federal executive authority empowered to perform civil defence tasks. (Article supplemented-Federal Law of 30.12.2015 N 48-FZ) G l in a II. The powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the area of civil defense C I am 5. The powers of the President of the Russian Federation President of the Russian Federation: defines the main directions of the unified state policy in the field of civil defense; Federal Law of 09.10.2002 N 123-FZ) Approves the Civil Defence Plan and Protection of the Population of the Russian Federation; (In the wording of the Federal Act of 22 August 2004). N 122-FZ) introduces the Russian Federation's Civil Defense Plan on the territory of the Russian Federation or parts of its territory in full or in part; (B Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ approves the structure, composition of the rescue military units of the federal executive authority authorized to resolve civil defence tasks, [ [ staff]] " Military personnel and civilian personnel of these military formations and provision on the rescue military units of the federal executive authority authorized to solve tasks in the field of civil defense; federal laws dated 27.07.2010. N 223-FZ; of 23.12.2010 N 377-FZ) has other powers in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. C t I am 6. Government of the Russian Federation Government of the Russian Federation: provides a unified state policy in the field of civil defence; leads the organization and management of civil defence; issues legal acts in the area of civil defence and arranges for the drafting of federal civil defence laws; civil defence, depending on the number of people living on them and The existence of organizations that play a significant role in the economy of a State or have an impact on the safety of the population, as well as organizations, in the civil defence categories, depending on the role of the State in the economy or the impact on the security of the population; defines the order of evacuation of the population, material and cultural values to safe areas; (New paragraph 6 is amended by Federal Law from 09.10.2002. N 123-FZdefines the procedure for the training of the population in the field of civil defence; (New paragraph 7 is amended by the Federal Act of 09.10.2002. N 123-FZ; (as amended by Federal Law of 19 June 2007) N 103-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ defines the procedure for the creation of shelters and other civil defense facilities, as well as the order of stockpiling, storage and use of logistical, food, and food stocks for civil defence purposes. Medical and other means; determines the order of the civil defence readiness; (Paragraph added is the federal law of 30 December 2015 N 48-FZ ) exercised other powers in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the decrees of the President of the Russian Federation. C t I am 7. Powers of the federal executive branch of the executive power in the field of civil protection Federal executive authorities within the limits of their powers and in accordance with the procedure established by federal laws and other regulations OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION class="ed"> (In the federal laws dated 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ; dated 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ ) develops and implements civil defence plans, as agreed with the federal executive branch of the executive branch of the Civil Defence Commission, and organizes Civil defence activities, including the creation and preparation of the necessary forces and tools; (In the federal laws of 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ; of 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ) implement measures aimed at preserving the objects necessary for the sustainable functioning of the economy and the survival of the population in wartime; Law of 19 June 2007. N 103-FZ) create and maintain civil defence systems and public warning systems in areas where potentially hazardous facilities are located in the maintenance of designated federal executive authorities, on the dangers arising from military conflicts or as a consequence of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (In the wording of federal laws dated 02.07.2013. N 158-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ create and maintain stockpiles of material, food, medical and other supplies for civil defence purposes; defines the list of organizations; to ensure the implementation of the civil defence activities of the federal executive branch. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 29.06.2015. N 171-FZ) G l in a III. Powers of the executive branch of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local government, organizations, rights and obligations of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of civil defence Article 8: Powers of the executive branch constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local self-government bodies in the field of civil defence 1. The executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation: organize civil defence activities, develop and implement plans for civil defence and protection of the population; create and maintain the state of readiness of the force and the means of civil defense; (as amended by Federal Law of 28.12.2013). N 404-FZ) organize training of the population in the field of civil defense; (wording of federal laws of 19 June 2007). N 103-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ)create and maintain a state of permanent readiness to use civil defence management systems, public warning systems for the dangers of armed conflict, or as a consequence of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character, protective structures and other objects of civil defence; (In the wording of federal laws dated 02.07.2013. N 158-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) plans activities to prepare for the evacuation of the population, material and cultural property to the safe areas, their deployment, the deployment of medical and other institutions necessary for priority security The affected populations; plan activities to maintain the sustainable functioning of the organizations in wartime; create and maintain, for the purposes of civil defence, supplies of material and technical, food, Medical and Other Means; ) defines a list of organizations that support regional civil defence activities. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 29.06.2015. N 171-FZ)2. Local self-governance bodies themselves within municipal boundaries: carry out civil defence activities, develop and implement civil defence and population protection plans; Training of the population in the field of civil defence. N 103-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) create and maintain a state of permanent readiness to use municipal public warning systems for the dangers of armed conflict or conflict, as well as in emergency situations. Situations of natural and technogenic character, protective structures and other objects of civil defence; 02.07.2013 N 158-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ ) carry out activities to prepare for the evacuation of the population, material and cultural property to the safe areas; wartime; create and maintain stocks of food, personal protective equipment and other means for civil defence purposes; provides a timely warning of the population, including the urgent warning of the population, of the dangers or as a result of these conflicts, as well as in emergency situations of natural and technogenic character; (Paragraph added, the federal law dated 02.07.2013 (...) (...) N 171-FZ) , within the limits of its powers, create and maintain the state of readiness of the force and the means of civil defence necessary to deal with matters of local importance; (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law dated 28.12.2013. N 404-FZ) defines a list of organizations that support local civil defence activities. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 29.06.2015. N 171-FZ) (Article in the wording of the Federal Act of 22 August 2004). N 122-FZ) C-t I am 9. Authority of organizations in the area of civil defense 1. The organizations, within the limits of their powers and in accordance with the federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation: plan and organize civil defence activities; { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102051585&backlink=1 & &nd=102114853 "target="contents" title= " "> August 19, 2007 N 103-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) (Spanged by Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 404-FZ create and maintain stockpiles of material, food, medical and other supplies for civil defence purposes. 2. Organizations assigned to civil defence categories are established and maintained in a state of readiness for non-state units to ensure the implementation of civil defence activities. Organizations that operate hazardous production facilities I and II hazard classes, especially radially hazardous and nuclear production facilities and facilities, hydrotechnical installations of extremely high risk, and High-hazard hydro-technical installations, as well as organizations that operate hazardous work items III of the hazard class identified in the Civil Defence categories, create and maintain emergency preparedness of emergency units. The standard procedure for the establishment of non-post civil defence activities is determined by the federal executive authority authorized to perform civilian tasks in the area of civil defence. Defense. (Paragraph in the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 404-FZ) 3. Hazardous production facilities I and II of hazard classes, especially radially hazardous and nuclear-hazardous plants and facilities, highly hazardous hydraulic structures and hydraulic structures of high danger Danger, create and maintain local alert systems. (amended by the Federal Law of 28 December 2013). N 404-FZ) C t I am 10. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION is trained in the field of civil defense; (federal law, of 19 June 2007). N 103-FZ; dated 29.06.2015 N 171-FZ) takes part in other civil defence activities; provides assistance to public authorities and organizations in the area of civil defence. G l in a IV. Civil Defense C, I am 11. Civil Defence Guide 1. The Government of the Russian Federation is implementing the Civil Defence Forces in the Russian Federation. 1-1. The State policy in the field of civil defence is implemented by the federal executive authority, which is authorized by the President of the Russian Federation to carry out tasks in the field of civil defence. (...) (...) N 122-FZ) 2. The leadership of the civil defence in the federal executive authorities and organizations is exercised by their leaders. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-F) 3. The heads of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the heads of the local government bodies carry out the guidelines for civil defence in the territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and municipal entities, respectively. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) 4. The heads of the federal executive authorities, the executive bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local authorities and organizations are personally responsible for organizing and conducting events on civil society. Defence and the protection of the population. (In the wording of the federal laws of 22 August 2004, N 122-FZ; dated 19.06.2007 N 103-FZ) 5.(Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 12. The civil defence authorities Defence of the Civil Defence Authority are: 1) the federal executive authority, civil defence tasks; 2) territorial bodies-regional centres for civil defence, emergency and disaster management, and bodies authorized to carry out civilian tasks for the prevention and elimination of emergency OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Territorial bodies-Regional Centres for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters and bodies mandated to meet the challenges of civil defence and the tasks of prevention and liquidation Emergency situations in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are staffed by members of the rescue military units of the federal executive authority, who is authorized to solve tasks in the field of civil defense, persons of the executive branch of the Russian Federation Federation of Federal Fire Service and Civil Personnel. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 223-FZ) The heads of these territorial bodies are appointed in accordance with the established procedure by the head of the federal executive authority authorized to perform tasks in the field of civil defence, from among Military and rescue forces of the federal executive authority, the officers of the Federal Fire Service and the civilian staff, with the exception of those appointed and relieved of their duties OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION class="doclink "href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102051585&backlink=1 & &nd=102140470" target="contents "title=" "> dated 27.07.2010. N 223-FZ) 3) structural units of the federal executive authorities and local governments authorized to solve civil defence tasks; Federal Law of 30.12.2015 N 448-FZ)4) organizational units (employees) of organizations authorized to solve civil defence tasks set up (appointed) in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Article as amended by the Federal Law of 22 August 2004). N 122-FZ Article 13. Federal Executive Office, Commissioner for the Solution of Civil Defence Tasks to implement the federal civil defense policy The executive branch, which is authorized to carry out tasks in the field of civil defence, carries out the relevant regulations and special, permissive, supervisory and monitoring functions in the field of civil defence. (Article as amended by the Federal Law of 22 August 2004). N 122-FZ) { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024}{ \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 }{ \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 }{ \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 }{ \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 }{ \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 N 122-FZ ) G l in a V. Civil Defence Forces C, and I am 15. Civil Defence Force 1. Civil defence forces-the rescue units of the federal executive authority authorized to perform tasks in the field of civil defence, units of the State Fire Service, rescue and rescue services The formation and non-state units to ensure the implementation of civil defense activities, as well as special units, which will be created for military time in order to solve civil defense tasks. (In the wording of the federal laws of July 27, 2010). N 223-FZ; of 28.12.2013 N 404-FZ 2. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops and military units perform tasks in the field of civil defence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. In order to solve the tasks in the field of civil defense, the military units and units of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, other troops and military formations are engaged in the procedure defined by the President of the Russian Federation. 3. The emergency services and rescue units are being used to solve civil defence tasks in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 4. Emergency emergency and rescue units are engaged in emergency situations in accordance with established procedures for emergency situations and in the development of emergency situations, as well as in the field of civil defence In accordance with the civil defence and the protection of the population, by decision of an official conducting civil defence in the respective territory. (amended by the Federal Law of 28 December 2013). N 404-FZ) 5. Non-staffs to ensure the implementation of civil defence activities are engaged in civil defence tasks in accordance with civil defence plans and the protection of the population by decision of the implementing officer Civil defence in the respective territory. (amended by the Federal Law of 28 December 2013). n 404-FZ) Article 16. The Basics of the Rescue Military formations of the federal body of the executive power mandated by 1. Special equipment, as well as military hand small arms and cold weapons, are in the service of the rescue military units of the federal executive authority, which is authorized to solve tasks in the field of civil defense. 2. " Military units of the federal executive authority, which is authorized to solve tasks in the field of civil defence, are issued identity cards of the established model confirming their status and international documents. distinguishing signs of civil defence. 3. Military rescue troops of the federal executive authority authorized to perform civil defence tasks may serve in military positions or not in military positions The federal executive authority, its territorial bodies and organizations. 4. Activities of the rescue military units of the federal executive authority authorized to perform tasks in the field of civil defence, military personnel and civilian personnel (federal State civil servants and employees), social protection for members of the armed forces and their families, as well as the financing of the activities of these military units, shall be carried out in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation. (...) (...) N 377-FZ)5. The activities of the rescue military units of the federal executive authority, which is authorized to carry out tasks in the field of civil defence, have been carried out since the declaration of state of war, the actual outbreak of hostilities, or OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION health of the population and requiring emergency and other emergency work. (The article in the Federal Law of 27 July 2010) N 223-FZ) C of the T I am 17.(Spil-off Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-F) G l in a VI. Final provisions Article 18. Financing Activities by Civil Defence and Protection of Population 1. Provision of civil defence and protection activities carried out by the federal executive authorities, including the maintenance of the rescue military units of the federal executive authority The tasks in the field of civil defence are an obligation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 223-FZ) 2. The regional level of civil defense and the protection of the population and territories of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation is an obligation of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. 3. Local level activities on civil defence, protection of the population and territories of the municipal district are the obligation of municipal education. 4. Civil defence activities carried out by the organizations are carried out at the expense of the organizations. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 19 June 2007. N 103-FZ) (Article as amended by the Federal Law of 22 August 2004). N 122-FZ ) C t I am 19. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION C t I am 20. Entry into force of this Federal Law 1. This law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. 2. Other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation are to be brought into conformity with this Federal Law. President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 12 February 1998 N 28-FZ