The Seed

Original Language Title: О семеноводстве

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On seed production Adopted by the State Duma on 12 November 1997 Approved by the Federation Council on 3 December 1997 class="ed">(In the revised federal laws of 10.01.2003) N 15-FZ; of 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ; of 16.10.2006 N 160-FZ; of 08.11.2007 N 258-FZ; dated 30.12.2008. N 309-FZ; dated 18.07.2011 N 242-FZ; dated 19.07.2011 N 248-FZ; of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ; of 12.03.2014 N 27-FZ; dated 23.06.2014 N 160-FZ; dated 13.07.2015. N 233-FZ This Federal Law sets the legal basis for the production, harvesting, processing, storage, sale, transportation and use of seeds of agricultural and forest products. and to organize and conduct varietal control and seed control. CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Key concepts This Federal Law uses the following basic concepts: seed production-production, harvesting, processing, storage, marketing, transportation and use of seeds agricultural and forest plants, as well as varietal control and seed control; seeds-part of plants (tubers, bulbs, fruits, seedlings, sseeds, soppets, parts of the compound fruit and others) used for reproduction for crop varieties or for the reproduction of forest species plants; seed quality is a combination of seeds for a particular variety of agricultural plants; seed quality is a set of characteristics that characterize seed suitability for sowing (planting); seed lots-a certain quantity of homogeneous origin and quality of seeds; varietal control-varietal identity and affiliation activities -Agricultural plants and seeds in a certain variety through holding crop inspection, groundwater control and laboratory control; seed control-seed quality control activities, monitoring of compliance with the requirements of normative documents in the field of The seed production, approved in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation; (In the wording of the Federal Law July 19, 2011 N 248-FZ) crop-testing-grade seed survey to determine their varietal purity or varietal purity, sorte crops, disease and damage by plant pests; Ground-based control-identification of agricultural plants and seeds for a certain variety and grade varietal purity through seed planting and subsequent testing of crops plants; laboratory debris-establishment seeds and varietal purity and grade varietal identification through laboratory analysis; Sate registration-examination of sorted crops without selection of assorted crops for presentation at established order of inspection results; protected seed is the seed of the variety registered in the State Register of Protected Varieties of Plants; varietal purity-ratio of stems for agricultural plants of the main class to the number of all developed stems crops of this culture; varietal tipness-the varietal purity of cross-pollination plants; agricultural plants-cereals, pulses, corum, oil, oil, oil, technical, vegetables, medicinal, flower, fruit, berry plants, potatoes, sugar beets, grapes used in agricultural production; forest trees-wood and scrub trees used in Forestry. Article 2. Legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of seed production Russian Federation law in the field of seed production consists of this Federal Law and the laws adopted in accordance with it OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION [ [ Federal executive authority]] s in the area of seed production may issue acts that regulate relations that arise in the field of seed production in the cases and within the limits provided for by the present OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 3. Russian Federation law in the field of seed production and international treaties of the Russian Federation If an international treaty of the Russian Federation sets different rules than those which OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 4. Relations regulated by the law of the Russian Federation in the field of seed production Russian legislation in the field of seed production regulates relations arising from the implementation of activities in the field of seed production. production, production, processing, storage, sale, transport and use of seeds of agricultural plants, the varieties of which are included in the State Register of Selection Achievements, as well as in connection with Organizing and conducting varietal control and seed control. Relations arising from harvesting, processing, storage, marketing, transportation and use of forest seeds, as well as in connection with the organization and conduct of forest-related seed control OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The property and administrative relations arising in the area of seed production are regulated by Russian legislation in the field of seed production in accordance with the civil and administrative legislation of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter II. CATEGORIES OF SEMEAN Article 5. Categories of agricultural plant seeds The following categories of agricultural plant seeds depend on the reproduction phase of agricultural plants: original; elite (elite seeds); reproduction (first and subsequent reproductions, and first generation hybrid seeds). Methods for seed production of the relevant categories are established by a specially authorized federal agency of agriculture. Article 6. Original seeds Original seeds are seeds of agricultural plants produced by the original cultivar of the plant or an authorized person. Original agricultural plant variety is a natural or legal person that has created, produced, identified the crop variety and (or) ensures that the plant is stored and reported in State register of selection achievements made for use. The Agriculture Plants Registration Regulation is approved by a specially authorized federal agricultural management authority. Article 7. Elite Seeds (Elite Seeds) Elite Seeds (Elite Seeds) are the seeds of an agricultural plant that are derived from the original seed and correspond to the requirements of the normative instruments in the field Russian sericulture, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law July 19, 2011 N 248-FZ) The number of generations of elite seeds (elite seeds) determines the originators of the plant variety. Elite seeds (elite seeds) are used to produce reproduction seeds. Article 8. Seeded seeds Seeds of agricultural plants after elite seeds (elite seeds) are the seeds of the rendition seed. The number of generations of reproduction seeds is determined by the territorial bodies of a specially authorized federal agricultural management body or the relevant bodies of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. First generation hybrid seeds are the reproduction seeds. Article 9. Categories of forest seeds Depending on the hereditary properties, the following categories of forest seeds are defined: normal, improved and varietal. The introduction of forest seeds to these categories is defined by the Designated Federal Forestry Authority. Chapter III. Organization of the session. Seed system Agricultural plant seed system is a collection of functionally related natural and legal persons engaged in the production of original, elite (seeds) (elite) and reproduction seeds. The Farm Management System for Agricultural Plant Systems is defined by a specially authorized federal agricultural management body. The forest seed system is a collection of functionally interconnected natural and legal persons engaged in the production of normal, improved and variegated seeds. The Forest Plant Management System is defined by the Designated Federal Forestry Authority. Article 11. Scheme of seed farming Agricultural plant seed-breeding scheme includes a set of activities to reproduce the varieties of agricultural plants using scientifically sound methods. The scheme for seed farming of agricultural plants is defined by a specially authorized federal agency for the management of agriculture. Article 12. Federal executive authorities, State management in the field of seed production , the Government of the Russian Federation is the State Administration in the field of seed production Directly or through designated federal executive authorities. [ [ Federal executive authority]] in the field of seed production includes a specially authorized federal agricultural management body, a specially authorized federal agency The forest management body and its territorial bodies. The Specially Designated Federal Authority for Agricultural Management carries out activities in the field of seed production of agricultural plants, a specially authorized federal forest management body-in the field in the field of seed production. The Government of the Russian Federation defines the powers of the federal executive bodies exercising public administration in the area of seed production. Transfer of the exercise of powers federal executive authorities in the field of seed production to the executive branch of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation Powers OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Act of 6 October 1999 No. 184-FZ on general principles OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Article is supplemented by the Federal Law of 13 July 2015. N 233-FZ Article 13. Organs of the executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation State management in the field of seed production State administration in the field of seed production in the territories of subjects OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION and the territorial authorities The Commissioner of the Federal Forestry Administration. Article 14. Financing in the field of seed production Financing in the field of seed production is carried out at the expense of the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local budgets, and extra-budgetary sources. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 15. State support for seed production State support for seed production is provided by: allocation of public investments; state price regulation; Tax benefits; compensation for the production costs of original and elite seeds of seed; preferential loans; other measures of economic incentives. Article 16. Scientific organization of seed production Scientific organization of seed production is carried out by scientific organizations and educational organizations of higher education that conduct scientific research in the field of seed production. (...) (...) N 185-FZ) CHAPTER IV. PRODUCTION OF SEMINA Article 17. Seed production requirements seeds must be used for seed, varietal and seeded qualities that meet the requirements of the regulatory documents in the area of seed production approved in order, by the Government of the Russian Federation. N 248-FZ) It is prohibited to use for planting (planting) seeds for the purposes of production, planted with seeds of quarantine plants contaminated by plants and plant pests. Article 18. Specific categories of seed production Original seeds shall be produced in accordance with article 6 of this Federal Law. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 08.11.2007) N 258-FZ ) Reproduction seeds can be produced and sold by any interested natural and legal persons (in the wording of Federal Law dated 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ) (Unused-Federal Law of 08.11.2007 N 258-FZ) Separations of selected categories of forest plants are carried out in the order established by the specially authorized federal forest management authority. Article 19. Seed producers seed producers are natural and legal persons engaged in seed production in accordance with this Federal Law. The constituent instruments of the legal persons involved in seed production shall determine the object and purpose of their activities. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of seed production determines the peculiarities of the activities of seed producers. Article 20. Special areas for the production of seeds agricultural plants to create the most favourable phytosanitary and technological conditions for the production of high-quality agricultural plants In accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, the authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation Special areas for the production of seeds of agricultural plants. These zones establish a special regime for the production of seeds of agricultural plants. Chapter V. MANUFACTURER, PROCESSING, STORAGE, AND USE OF THE SECTION Article 21. Harvesting, processing, storing and using seeds The procedure for harvesting, processing, storing and using seeds of agricultural plants and seeds of forest plants is determined by the specially authorized person A federal agency for the management of agriculture and a specially authorized federal forest management body. The use of seeds that are subject to exclusive rights (intellectual property) is permitted in the manner prescribed by civil law. It is prohibited to use for sowing (planting) seeds, varietal and sowing qualities that do not meet the requirements of the regulatory documents in the field of seed production, approved in accordance with the procedure established by the Government Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 248-FZ) Article 22. Federal seed funds Federal seed funds are the stock of seeds of agricultural plants and (or) of forest plants and are intended for Russian regions where seeds are not produced or Limited capacity to produce them, as well as to assist legal and natural persons engaged in agricultural production or forest management in cases of natural disasters or other Emergency situations. Seed seed lots are provided for federal seed funds, which are accompanied by documents certifying their varietal and planting quality. The form, content and procedure for the registration of these documents are established by the federal executive authorities, which are responsible for the management of seed production. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 19 July 2011, N 248-FZ) Federal seed funds are formed at the expense of the federal budget and other sources not prohibited by law. Federal seed funds are federal property. Federal seed funds for agricultural plants and federal forest seed funds are formed by a specially authorized federal agricultural management body, and specially authorized federal agencies by the Forestry Development Authority. The Government of the Russian Federation determines the procedure for the formation and use of federal seed funds. Article 23. Seed funds Seed funds are seed stocks of agricultural plants and (or) forest plants and are formed in case of crop failure. The procedure for the formation and use of agricultural plant seeds insurance funds is determined by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The Forestry Seed Insurance Fund is defined by a specially authorized federal forest management body. Article 24. Seed seed funds Seed seed funds are stocks of seeds of winter agricultural plants. These funds are created by individuals and legal entities in the regions of the Russian Federation, where harvesting of winter crops is carried out after optimal planting or harvesting of winter crops There is a short period of time for agricultural plants. Seed seed funds are used in the year following the seed harvesting year. The authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation define the procedure for the formation and use of the passing seed funds. Chapter VI: PROCEDURE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE CONSOLIDATION AND SEMINAR QUALITY OF SEMINAR Article 25. The general requirements for varietal and seed quality seeds intended for sowing (planting) are subject to varietal and planting quality. The definition of varietal and sowing seeds uses common methods, terminology and normative documents in the field of seed production, as well as common samples of equipment. Seed seeds are determined on the basis of the requirements of the regulatory documents in the field of seed production, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law of July 19, 2011 N 248-FZ) Article 26. Determination of seed quality of seeds agricultural plants Definition of varietal quality of seeds of agricultural plants is carried out through field testing, underground control and laboratory -grade control. The crops for which seeds are intended to be tested are to be tested. Aperation of agricultural plant cultivation is carried out on applications of seed-seed producers with the involvement of original varieties of agricultural plants as well as organizations and individuals, as appropriate, as defined in article 16 of this Federal Act. Groundwater control is subject to original, elite (elite seeds) and rendition seeds in accordance with the list of agricultural plants approved by a specially authorized federal government Agriculture. Laboratory varietal control shall be subject to the elite (elite seeds) and [ [ rendition seed]] s that come into circulation according to the list of agricultural plants approved by a specially authorized federal government Agriculture. Poses of agricultural plants, whose seeds are designed for their own needs, are subject to registration. The procedure for field testing of agricultural plant cultivation, ground control and laboratory testing, as well as the registration of crop planting, is determined by a specially authorized federal body Management of agriculture. Article 27. Seed seeds are defined The seed quality shall be determined by seed sampling and seed testing. Seed sampling shall be carried out by seed inspections and seed-seed samples from seed lots to be implemented. Analysis of seed samples shall be carried out by seed inspections and seeding stations, as well as by legal entities, individual entrepreneurs accredited in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation Accreditation in the national accreditation system. (...) (...) N 160-FZ) Seed sampling of seed lots to be exported from the Russian Federation and analysis of seed samples shall be carried out in accordance with international law. Article 28. Confirmation of the conformity of seed lots Confirmation of conformity of seed lots is carried out in accordance with the provisions of Article 21 of the Federal Law of 27 December 2002 N 184-FZ "On Technical Regulation". (In the wording of the Federal Law of 19 July 2011, N 248-FZ) Article 29. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 19.07.2011) N 248 F) CHAPTER VII. (...) (...) About the subcapacity of seed lots It is possible to seed lots of seeds of agricultural plants, the varieties of which are included in the State Register of Selection Achievements, approved for use. After the exclusion of agricultural plant varieties from the State Register of Selection Achievements made for use, lots of seed plants in these varieties can be used for the next two years. The specified seeds belong to the category of reproduction. The level of seeds of forest seeds used for the reproduction of forests and afforestation shall be permitted if there are documents certifying their quality and complying with the requirements set out in the special regulations. by the Federal Forestry Development Authority in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Article in the wording of Federal Law from July 19, 2011 N 248-FZ) Article 31. The implementation and transport of seed lots Realization and transportation of seed lots are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of seed production. The seed parties, when implemented and transported, may be in the state of the loom or in an undeployed state (berm). When implementing and transporting seed lots in the tarred state, their packaging and packaging must bear the labels of the prescribed forms. While implementing and transporting seed lots in the non-transitory state (s), it is necessary to formate the supporting documents with the names of the plant varieties of each seed, origin, and plant varieties. seed quality. The seed parties treated with chemical or biological preparations shall be in a state of stagnation. Packagings and packages of these seed lots shall bear the appropriate inscriptions and accompanying documents defining the treatment of such seeds and containing information on possible adverse effects on human health and the environment. (In the wording of Federal Law of 30.12.2008) N 309-FZ) When implementing and transporting seed lots, it is prohibited to specify on their packaging and packaging, labels and accompanying documents that do not correspond to the validity of the names of the plant varieties, Origin and quality of seeds. (In the wording of Federal Law of 16.10.2006) N 160-FZ) The procedure for the marketing and transportation of seed lots of agricultural plants and lots of forest seeds is determined by the specially authorized federal agricultural management authority and the Federal Forestry Development Authority. Article 32. (Deleted-Federal Law of 10.01.2003) N 15-FZ) Article 33. Importation of seed lots to the Russian Federation from Russian Federation of seed lots in the Russian Federation is permitted if the seed lots have been certified by seed and seed-quality documents. and if the seed lots are in conformity with the requirements laid down by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the norms of international law. Prohibited entry into the Russian Federation of consignments of seeds in non-melted state (embanklet) treated with chemical or biological preparations, as well as lots of seeds of agricultural plants not included in the State Register of selected achievements made for use, with the exception of seed lots for scientific research, public testing, seed production for export from the Russian Federation. Seed lots imported into the Russian Federation are subject to seed control and phytosanitary inspection. Prohibited imports into the Russian Federation and export of batches of seeds protected by the State to the Russian Federation in the event of non-observance of civil law. Control of importation into the Russian Federation and export of seed lots from the Russian Federation is carried out by a specially authorized federal agricultural management body and other federal executive authorities in OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The law of the Russian Federation sets out the procedure for the importation into the Russian Federation and the procedure for the export of seed lots from the Russian Federation. Article 34. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 19.07.2011) N 248-FZ) CHAPTER VIII. GRADE AND SEED CONTROL. STATE OVERSIGHT IN THE FIELD OF THE AREA (In the revision of Federal Law from 18.07.2011 N 242-FZ) Article 35. The general requirements for the conduct of a sort control and seed control Varietal control and seed control are aimed at ensuring compliance with the Russian Federation's legislation in the field of seed production, published in the Compliance with the Act of the specially authorized federal agency for the management of agriculture and of a specially authorized federal forest management body, as well as of the requirements of the normative instruments in the field of seed production, approved in accordance with the procedure established by the Government Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 248-FZ) Variation control and seed control are carried out, respectively, for the crops and seeds belonging to the natural and legal persons who carry out activities in the field of seed production. Article 36. Seed control and seed control of the seed control and seed control of crops and seeds of agricultural plant seed inspection, seed control Forest plants are paralable plants in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 37. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 18 July 2011). N 242-FZ) Article 37-1. State supervision in the field of seed production State supervision in the field of seed production is carried out by authorized federal executive bodies and the executive authorities of the entities OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION by the Government of the Russian Federation. (...) (...) N 27-FZ) The relations related to the exercise of state supervision in the field of seed production, organization and conduct of inspections of production, harvesting, processing, storage, disposal, The transport and use of seeds of agricultural and forest products of legal persons, individual entrepreneurs, applies the provisions of the Federal Act of 26 December 2008 N 294-FZ " On the protection of the rights of legal persons and individual entrepreneurs. in the exercise of State control (oversight) and municipal control ". (The article is supplemented by the Federal Law of 18 July 2011). N 242-FZ CHAPTER IX. AUTHORIZATION AND RESPONSIBILITY IN IMPLEMENTING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE The resolution of disputes in the implementation of activities in the field of seed production Disputes arising out of activities in the field of seed production are permitted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 39. Responsibility for violation of the law of the Russian Federation in the field of seed breeding The violation of Russian legislation in the field of seed production entails administrative or other responsibility in the field of seed production. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter X. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 40. Entry into force of this Federal Law This Federal Law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. Article 33 shall enter into force 30 days after the date of the official publication of this Federal Law. Article 41. To bring regulatory legal acts into line with this Federal Law The Government of the Russian Federation shall bring its normative legal acts into conformity with this Federal Law. President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 17 December 1997 N 149-FZ