On Trade Unions, Their Rights And Activity Guarantees

Original Language Title: О профессиональных союзах, их правах и гарантиях деятельности

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102039060

RUSSIAN FEDERATION federal law on trade unions, their rights and guarantees of activity of the State Duma Adopted December 8, 1995 onwards (as amended by the federal laws from 21.03.2002 N 31-FZ;
from 25.07.2002 N 112-FZ; from 25.07.2002 N 116-FZ;
30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 08.12.2003. N 169-FZ;
from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ; from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ;
from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; from 30.12.2008 N 309-FZ;
from 01.07.2010 N 146-FZ; from 28.12.2010. N 404-FZ;
from 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ; from 14.10.2014 N 307-F3;
from 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ; from 31.01.2016 N 7-FZ) Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Subject and objectives of this federal law subject hereof are public relations arising in connection with the implementation of the constitutional right of citizens to unite, creation, activity, reorganization and (or) Elimination of trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations, trade unions, other associations (associations), trade unions (hereinafter referred to as the trade unions). (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ) this federal law establishes the legal framework for the establishment of trade unions, their rights and guarantees of the activity, regulates trade unions with State authorities, local self-government bodies, employers, their associations (unions, associations), other public associations, legal entities and citizens, and also defines the legal status of trade unions (trade unions) and their associations, including especially their civil status as public organizations associations and unions, respectively. (As amended by the Federal law of 31.01.2016 N 7-FZ), Article 2. The right to form and join unions 1. The Union is a voluntary public association of citizens bound by common industrial, professional interests by virtue of their activities, created for the purposes of representation and protection of their social and labour rights and interests.
All trade unions have equal rights.
2. anyone who has reached the age of 14 years and labour (occupational) activity has the right to form trade unions of their own choosing to protect their interests, to join them, to engage in trade union activities and withdraw from trade unions.
This right is exercised freely, without prior permission.
3. Citizens of the Russian Federation living outside its territory, may be members of Russian trade unions.
4. foreign nationals and stateless persons residing on the territory of the Russian Federation may be members of Russian trade unions, except for cases stipulated by federal laws or international treaties of the Russian Federation.
5. trade unions have the right to form their own associations on branch, territorial or other sensitive professional specificity of discrimination-Russian associations of trade unions, interregional associations of trade unions, territorial associations of trade unions. Trade unions and their associations have the right to collaborate with trade unions of other countries, join international trade unions and other associations and organizations, to enter into contracts, agreements with them.
Article 3. Basic terms for the purposes of this federal law applicable terms mean: primary trade union organization is a voluntary association of members of the Trade Union of workers, usually in a single organization, regardless of their form of ownership and subordination, or at the branch, representation or other separate structural subdivision of the organization or the employer-individual entrepreneur, acting on the basis of the Charter of the Russian interregional trade union or on the basis of a Charter or primary trade-union organization adopted in accordance with the Charter of the respective Trade Union. In the structure of primary trade-union organization can form trade unions, Trade Union Guild groups or other structural units in accordance with the Charter of the respective trade union; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ), all-Russian Trade Union-voluntary association of members of trade union-related general socio-labour and professional interests of employees of one or more branches, one or several economic activities, applicable throughout the territory of the Russian Federation or within the territories, more than half of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation or combines no less than half the total number of employees of one or more branches, one or more of the economic activities. In the structure of the all-Russian Trade Union along with primary trade union organizations may be formed in accordance with its Statute, the territorial organization of the Trade Union and other trade union organizations; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ), which promotes trade union (Association)-a voluntary association of Russian trade unions, territorial associations (associations), trade union organizations, acting on the whole territory of the Russian Federation or within the territories, more than half of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;

the interregional trade union is a voluntary association of members of the Trade Union of workers of one or several branches, one or several economic activities, operating in the territories of less than half of the subjects of the Russian Federation. In the structure of the interregional trade union along with primary trade union organizations may be formed in accordance with its Statute, the territorial organization of the Trade Union and other trade union organizations; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ) Interregional Association (the Association) trade union organizations-voluntary association of interregional trade unions and/or territorial associations (associations), trade union organizations existing in the territories less than half of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
territorial Association (the Association) trade union organizations-voluntary association of organizations nationwide, interregional trade unions acting in the territory of one subject of the Russian Federation or in the city or area; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ) territorial organization of Trade Union is a voluntary association of members, consisting of primary and other trade union organizations, included in the structure of one of the all-Russian Trade Union or interregional, acting on territory of one subject of the Russian Federation or within the territories of several subjects of the Russian Federation, either in the city or area; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ) Trade Union body, the body established in accordance with the Charter of trade union associations of trade unions or by the primary trade-union organization; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ), trade union representative (Trustee)-proforganizator, profgruporg, head of trade union associations of trade unions, the Trade Union body or another person authorized to represent the Trade Union Charter, associations of trade unions, Charter of the primary trade-union organization or by a decision of the Trade Union body; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ), organization, Enterprise, institution, organization, regardless of their form of ownership and subordination;
the employer organization (legal person), represented by its Manager (Administration), or an individual with whom the worker has an employment relationship;
employee-an individual employed in the Organization on the basis of a labour agreement (contract), a person engaged in individual entrepreneurial activity, a person studying at a vocational educational institution or educational institution of higher education; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) Union Member-individual (worker, unemployed, retired), consisting of the primary trade-union organization.
Article 4. The scope of this federal law 1. The effect of this federal law applies to all entities on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as Russian organizations abroad, and other organizations in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. trade union rights and guarantees of their activities set forth herein apply to all primary trade union organizations, trade unions and their associations, as well as the educated their trade unions and trade union representatives within their powers.
Features of this federal law on trade unions, comprising soldiers, officers of the internal affairs organs of the Russian Federation, State fire service of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters, the organs of the Federal Security Service, the Customs authorities of the Russian Federation, bodies for monitoring the trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, the investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, of judges and prosecutors, are determined by the relevant federal laws. (As amended by the federal laws of 25.07.2002 N 116-FZ; 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 28.12.2010. N 404-FZ), Article 5. Independence of trade unions 1. Trade unions are independent in their activities from the executive authorities, local self-government bodies, employers, their associations (unions, associations), political parties and other public associations, they are not accountable and not control.
2. it is forbidden the intervention of the State authorities, local self-government bodies and their officials in the activities of trade unions, which may entail a restriction of trade union rights or impede the lawful exercise of their statutory activities.
Article 6. The legal basis for the activities of trade unions

1. trade union rights in relations with State authorities, local self-government bodies, employers, their associations (unions, associations), other associations and guarantees of their activities are determined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this federal law, other federal laws and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation could not restrict trade union rights and guarantees of their activity, provided for by federal laws.
3. If the international treaties of the Russian Federation, the International Labour Organization conventions, ratified by the Russian Federation, stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this federal law, the regulations of the international agreements and conventions.
Article 7. The statutes of trade unions (as amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Trade unions and their associations independently draft and approve their statutes, their structure, form a trade union bodies and determine their competence, organize their activities, hold meetings, conferences, congresses and other events. The statutes of the primary trade union organizations and other trade union organizations within the structure of the all-Russian, inter-regional trade unions, and the statutes of associations (associations) trade union organizations must not conflict with the statutes of the respective trade unions and their associations (associations). (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ)
2. the statutes of the Union should include: name, aims and objectives of the Union;
categories and professional groups merged citizens;
the conditions and procedure for the formation of a Trade Union, trade union membership and withdrawal, the rights and duties of members;
the territory within which the Union operates;
organizational structure;
the procedure for the formation and competence of Trade Union bodies, their terms of Office;
How to make additions and changes to the Charter, the order of payment of entrance and membership fees;
sources of income and other property, the order of the property management trade unions;
location of the Trade Union body;
the procedure for reorganization and liquidation of, or cessation of activity of the Union and use its assets in such cases;
other questions related to Union activities.
3. Articles of Association (the Association) trade unions should include: title, objectives and tasks of the Association (the Association) trade unions;
composition of participants;
the territory within which it operates;
the procedure for the formation of Trade Union bodies and their competence;
location of the Trade Union body;
the terms of the Trade Union body;
sources of income and other property, the order of the property management trade unions;
How to make additions and amendments to the Charter;
the procedure for reorganization and liquidation of, or cessation of activity by the associations of trade unions and the use of its assets in these cases;
other issues related to the activities of associations of trade unions.
Article 8. State registration of trade unions as legal entities (as amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Legal personality of the trade union associations of trade unions, the primary trade-union organization, a Trade Union that is a member of the Russian national or interregional trade union structure, associations of trade unions as a legal entity arises from the moment of entering into the unified State Register of legal entities information about their creation and ends in the moment in the register information on the termination of their activities. (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ) State registration of trade union associations of trade unions, the primary trade-union organization as a legal entity shall be carried out in order of notification.
For State registration of trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations in the Federal Executive authority authorized in the field of State registration of public associations (hereinafter referred to as the federal body of registration by the State), or its territorial authority in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the location of the respective trade union body appear to be originals or notarized copies of charters, certified copies of decisions of congresses (conferences and meetings) on the establishment of trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations and on the approval of the statutes, lists of participants, relevant trade unions and their associations (associations). (As amended by the federal laws on 29.06.2004 N 58-FZ; 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ), trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations represent these documents within one month from the date of their formation.

Upon receipt of these documents, the federal body of registration by the State or its territorial authority shall send to the designated in accordance with article 2 of the Federal law "on State registration of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs" Federal Executive Agency (hereinafter referred to as the authorized registration authority) the information and documents necessary for the implementation of this body functions to maintain the unified State Register of legal entities. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 169-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) entering into the unified State Register of legal entities of information on establishment, reorganization and liquidation of trade union associations of trade unions, the primary trade-union organization, as well as other information provided by federal laws is carried out by the authorized registration authority on the basis of the federal body of registration by the State or its territorial authority documents. When the order of interaction between federal State registration body and its territorial bodies authorized by the registration authority on State registration of trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations shall be determined by the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by the federal laws on 29.06.2004 N 58-FZ; from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) upon receipt from an authorized registration authority information on as in the unified State Register of legal persons of record about the Trade Union or trade unions merge, either on the primary trade-union organization of federal body of registration by the State or its territorial authority shall issue to the applicant proof of registration of the Trade Union or on the unification of trade unions or on the primary trade-union organization in unified State Register of legal entities. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ), the federal body of State registration of its territorial bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation authorized registration authority has no right to supervise the activities of trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations, as well as to refuse registration. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ), trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations may not be registered. In this case, they do not acquire the rights of a legal entity.
State registration of the primary trade-union organization as a legal entity may also be representative of the Trade Union body of the relevant trade union by proxy.
2. A refusal of State registration or evasion of it may be appealed to trade unions and their associations (associations), the primary trade union organizations in court. (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated March 21, N 31-FZ) Article 9. Prohibition of discrimination against citizens on the grounds of membership or non-membership of trade unions 1. Belonging or not belonging to the trade unions do not entail any restriction of the social, political and other rights and freedoms of citizens guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. it is forbidden to dictate hiring, promotion or dismissal because of his trade union.
Article 10. Reorganization, termination of activity, pause, prohibition of liquidation activities of the Union (as amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Reorganization or closure of trade union activities or primary trade-union organization is subject to a decision of its members in the order specified by the Charter of the Union, Charter of the primary trade-union organization, and the Elimination of a trade union or primary trade-union organization as a legal entity in accordance with federal law. (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ)
2. State registration of Trade Union or primary trade-union organization in connection with their liquidation and State registration of Trade Union or primary trade-union organization, created through reorganization, implemented in the manner stipulated by the Federal law "on State registration of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs", taking into account the peculiarities of such a register established by this federal law. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 169-FZ), Information and documents required for the State registration of the Trade Union or primary trade-union organization in connection with their liquidation are submitted to the authority, which has been issued a document of State registration of the Trade Union or the primary trade-union organization.

Documents required for the State registration of Trade Union or primary trade-union organization, created through reorganization, shall be submitted to the federal body of registration by the State or its territorial bodies in the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation. While the submission of these documents is determined by the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by the federal laws on 29.06.2004 N 58-FZ; from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) in obtaining documents needed for the State registration of the Trade Union or primary trade-union organization in connection with their liquidation or in case of their creation through reorganization, the federal body of registration by the State or its territorial authority shall send to the competent registration authority the information and documents necessary for the implementation of this body functions to maintain the unified State Register of legal entities. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) on the basis of the federal body of registration by the State or its territorial authority the necessary information and documents to the authorized registration authority within a period of not more than five working days after receipt of the specified information and documents introduced into the unified State registry of legal persons the appropriate entry and not later than the working day following the day of making the corresponding entry shall inform the authority which provided the information and documents. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) how federal State registration body and its territorial bodies authorized by the registration authority on State registration of Trade Union or primary trade-union organization in connection with their liquidation or in case of their creation through reorganization is determined by the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ)

(New paragraph 2 is supplemented by federal law from 21.03.2002 N 31-FZ; changes in the wording of the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) 3. If trade union activities contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, constitutions (charters) of subjects of the Russian Federation, federal laws, it can be suspended for up to six months or is prohibited by a decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation or of the Court of Justice of the Russian Federation, upon application by the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, the public prosecutor of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation. Suspension or prohibition of the activities of the Union to address any other bodies is not permitted. (As amended by the Federal law of March 21, N 31-FZ as subclause 3, para. 2)
4. the activities of the Trade Union, the primary trade-union organization may be suspended or prohibited in accordance with the procedure and on the grounds stipulated by the Federal law "on counteracting extremist activities". (Para supplemented by federal law from 25.07.2002 N 112-FZ), chap. II. BASIC TRADE UNION RIGHTS Article 11. The right of trade unions to represent and protect labour rights and interests of employees 1. Trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations and their bodies to represent and protect the rights and interests of trade union members on individual employment and labour relations-related, and in the field of collective rights and interests-the rights and interests of employees, regardless of trade union membership in case of granting them powers of representation in the prescribed manner.
Draft legislation affecting social and labour rights of employees are considered Federal State authorities taking into account the proposals of the Russian trade unions and their associations (associations).
Draft normative legal acts affecting the social and labour rights of workers, shall be considered and accepted by executive authorities, local self-government bodies, taking into account the views of the relevant trade unions.
Trade unions have the right to make proposals for the relevant public authorities of laws and other regulatory legal acts related to the social and labour sphere.
2. trade unions protect the right of its members to freely dispose of their abilities to work, to choose the type of activity and profession, as well as the right to remuneration for labour without any discrimination whatsoever and not lower than the Federal minimum wage law.
3. Pay System, forms of recognition, the size of the tariff rates (salaries), as well as labour standards are set by employers, their associations (unions, associations) in consultation with the relevant trade union bodies and in collective agreements, agreements.
4. trade unions have the right to participate in the examination of the bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government, as well as employers, their associations (unions, associations), other associations of their proposals.

5. Trade Union representatives have the right to visit organizations and workplaces where members of the relevant trade unions, for the implementation of statutory tasks and provided trade unions rights.
Article 12. The right of trade unions to promote employment 1. Trade unions have the right to participate in formulation of government employment programs, to offer social protection measures for trade unionists, released as a result of the reorganization or liquidation of the Organization, to carry out trade union control over employment and observance of legislation in the field of employment.
2. the liquidation of the Organization, its subsidiaries, change of ownership or organizational-legal forms of organization, total or partial suspension of production (works), entailing a reduction in the number of jobs or working conditions, can be implemented only after prior notice (not less than three months) of the relevant trade unions and holding negotiations on safeguarding the rights and interests of Union members.
3. Trade unions have the right to submit for consideration by the bodies of local self-government proposal for postponement or suspension of the implementation of activities related to the massive release of workers.
4. Termination of a labour agreement (contract) with the employee Union Member at the employer's initiative can be made only with the prior consent of the relevant trade union body in cases provided by legislation, collective agreements, agreements.
5. To attract and use foreign labour in the Russian Federation taking into account the views of the Commission, respectively associations (associations) or territorial associations (associations) trade union organizations.
Article 13. The right of trade unions to engage in collective bargaining agreements, collective bargaining agreements and monitoring their implementation (as amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations and their organs have the right to collective bargaining, to conclude agreements and collective bargaining on behalf of workers in accordance with federal law.
Representation of trade unions and their associations (associations) collective bargaining agreements on behalf of federal workers, sectoral or territorial levels is determined by considering the number of merged their Union members.
If your organization has a number of primary trade union organizations of different trade unions, their representation in collective bargaining, collective bargaining is determined based on the number of submitted by Union members.
It is prohibited to negotiate and conclude agreements and collective agreements on behalf of persons representing employers.
2. employers, their associations (unions, associations), bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government were obliged to bargain collectively with the primary trade union organizations, trade unions and their associations (associations) for the socio-labour issues, as well as on issues of collective bargaining agreements, if primary trade union organizations, trade unions and their associations (associations) are the initiators of such negotiations and to conclude collective agreements, agreements on conditions agreed by the parties.
3. Primary trade union organizations, trade unions and their associations have the right to carry out trade union control over the implementation of collective agreements.
In case of violation by employers, their associations (unions, associations), bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government, conditions of the collective agreement, agreements primary trade union organizations, trade unions, associations of trade unions and their bodies may send them an idea about how these violations, which is in a week's time. In case of cancellation or no agreement is reached within the specified period of time differences are dealt with in accordance with the Federal law.
Article 14. The right of trade unions to participate in the settlement of collective labour disputes, trade unions have the right to participate in the settlement of collective labour disputes, have the right to organize and conduct in accordance with the Federal law on strikes, meetings, rallies, street processions, demonstrations, pickets and other collective action, using them as a remedy for social and labour rights and interests of employees.
Article 15. The relationship of trade unions with employers and their associations (unions, associations), bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government 1. The relationship of trade unions with employers and their associations (unions, associations), bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government are based on social partnership and cooperation of the parties to the employment relationship, their representatives, as well as on the basis of collective agreements.

2. trade unions have the right to participate in elections of bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government in accordance with federal law and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
3. trade unions have equal rights with the other social partners the right to equal participation in the management of public funds of social insurance, employment, health insurance, pension and other funds generated through insurance premiums, as well as the right to Trade Union control over the use of these funds. Statutes (regulations), these funds are approved in consultation with national associations (associations) of trade unions or employers concerned with trade unions.
4. trade unions carry out organization and conduct recreational activities among Union members and their families. Dimensions for this purpose are determined by the management body (Board) of the social insurance fund of the Russian Federation on the submission of the relevant trade unions.
5. trade unions have the right to communicate with State authorities, local self-government bodies and associations (unions, associations) and organizations for the development of sanatorium-and-spa treatment, relaxation, tourism agencies, mass physical culture and sports.
Article 16. The relationship of trade unions and their bodies with other representative bodies of employees within the Organization, the management bodies of the Organization (as amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. The relationship of trade unions, primary trade union organizations and their organs with other representative bodies of employees in an organization are built on the basis of cooperation.
The presence of other representative bodies of employees in your organization may not be used to discourage Union activities in accordance with this federal law.
2. Trade unions have the right to nominate their representatives for election to other workers ' representative bodies within the organization.
3. trade unions under the authority of the employees have the right to have their representatives in the collegial bodies of management of the organization.
4. participation of trade union representatives in the work of other workers ' representative bodies in the Organization did not deprive them of their right to apply directly to employers on matters affecting the interests of Union members.
Article 17. The right of trade unions to information 1. To carry out its statutory activities, trade unions are entitled to free and to receive from the employers, their associations (unions, associations), government bodies and local self-government bodies information on social and labour issues.
Trade unions have the right to discuss the information received with the invitation of representatives of employers and their associations (unions, associations), Government Organization, bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government.
2. trade unions have the right to use State-owned media in the manner determined by the contracts with their founders, the founders of the media in accordance with federal law.
Article 18. The right of trade unions to participate in the training and further vocational education (as amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) trade unions have the right to establish educational institutions and scientific organizations, the training and additional professional education Union workers and Union members. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) Trade Union educational organizations and academic organizations may be partially financed from the respective budgets in the prescribed manner. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) Article 19. The right of trade unions to exercise Trade Union control over observance of labour legislation 1. Trade unions have the right to exercise Trade Union monitoring employers, officials of the labour legislation, including the labour agreement (contract), working time and rest time, remuneration, guarantees and compensation, benefits, and advantages, as well as other social and labour issues in organizations in which members of the Union, and have the right to demand eliminating violations. Employers, officials shall within one week from the date of receipt of the demand on Elimination of revealed violations to inform the Union of its consideration and the measures taken.
2. For the implementation of Trade Union control over observance of labour legislation, trade unions have the right to create their own labour inspection, which vested the powers provided for in the regulations, approved by the unions.
Trade unions, their labour inspection in the exercise of these powers interact with federal executive authority which carries out federal State supervision over compliance with labour laws and other normative legal acts containing rules of labour law. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)

3. Trade Union labour inspectors may visit organizations irrespective of their form of ownership and the subordination of the members of this Union, for audits of compliance with the labour legislation and legislation on trade unions and employers, conditions of the collective agreement, agreement.
Article 20. Trade union rights in the field of occupational safety and environment protection Wednesday (as amended by federal law N 309-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Trade unions have the right to participate in the formation of the Government programmes on OSH and the environment Wednesday, as well as in the development of normative-legal and other acts regulating the issues of labour protection, occupational diseases and environmental safety. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ)
2. trade unions carry out trade union control over the condition of labour safety and environment through their bodies Wednesday, Commissioners (trusted) on occupational safety and health, as well as their own labour inspectorates operating under provisions approved by the unions. To this end, they have the right to visit the Organization irrespective of their form of ownership, and their subdivisions, jobs, employing members of this trade union and to participate in the investigation of accidents in the workplace (work), to protect the rights and interests of trade union members on working conditions and safety in the workplace (work), compensation for harm caused to their health in the workplace (work), as well as on other matters of occupational safety and environment protection Wednesday under federal law. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ)
3. In the case of detection of violations that threaten the lives and health of workers, trade unions in organizing, Union labor protection inspector is entitled to require the employer to remedy those violations immediately and simultaneously address the Federal Labour Inspectorate for the adoption of urgent measures.
4. Where the requirements for elimination of violations, particularly in cases of immediate danger to life and health of workers, trade unions, Trade Union labour protection inspector is entitled to require from the employer, the authority to manage the Organization, an official suspension of the works pending the final decision of the Federal Labour Inspectorate. Employer, an official for not correcting violations bear responsibility stipulated by the legislation. (As amended by federal law from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ)
5. trade unions have the right to participate in the examination of the safety of working conditions designed, built and operated manufacturing facilities, as well as in the security expertise of designed and operated mechanisms and instruments.
Article 21. Involvement of trade unions in the implementation of the privatization of State and municipal property, trade unions have the right to have their representatives in the commissions generated within the Organization on privatization of State and municipal property, including objects of social purpose.
The Trade Union representative is among the representatives of the Organization submitted to the appropriate Committee for property management to participate in the work of the Commission on privatization of the Organization and implementation of Trade Union control.
Article 22. Trade union rights to social protection of workers 1. Trade union rights in the area of social insurance and health care, social welfare, housing and other forms of social protection of workers is regulated by the relevant federal laws and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. trade unions have the right to participate in the formation of social programmes aimed at creating conditions for a dignified life and free development of man, in developing measures for the social protection of workers, the main criteria of living standards, the size of the indexation of salaries, pensions, scholarships, indemnities and compensations, depending on changes in the price index, as well as the Trade Union is entitled to exercise control over observance of the legislation in this area.
Article 23. The right of trade unions to protect the interests of workers in bodies for the review of labour disputes in cases of violations of the labour legislation, trade unions may, at the request of trade union members and other workers, as well as on their own initiative to submit applications in the protection of their labour rights in bodies dealing with labour disputes.
To protect social and labour and other civil rights and professional interests of its members unions can create legal services and consultations.
Chapter III. GUARANTEES TRADE UNION RIGHTS Article 24. Guarantees of property rights of trade unions 1. Trade unions and their associations (associations), primary trade union organizations possess, enjoy and dispose of their ownership of property, including money, necessary for the performance of its statutory goals and objectives, own and enjoy referred to them in accordance with the established procedure in their economic management other assets.

2. Guaranteed recognition, integrity and protection of property rights of trade unions, the conditions for the exercise of these rights on an equal footing with other legal entities irrespective of their form of ownership, in accordance with federal laws, the laws of the Russian Federation subjects, legal acts of local self-government bodies.
Financial control over the funds of trade unions executive bodies are not carried out except in the funds monitoring tool from entrepreneurial activities.
The limitation of independent financial activities of trade unions are not allowed.
Trade Union property can be expropriated only by court order.
3. trade unions are not liable for the obligations of organizations, bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government, which in turn is not liable for the obligations of the trade unions.
4. sources, order of formation and use of the property of trade unions are defined by their statutes, the statutes of the primary trade union organizations. (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ)
5. The property of trade unions may be land, buildings, structures, facilities, Spa, travel, sports, other health care institutions, cultural, scientific and educational organizations, housing, organization, including publishers, printing houses, as well as securities and other property necessary to ensure the statutory activities of trade unions. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ)
6. Trade unions have the right to establish banks, solidarity funds, insurance. cultural and educational funds, education and training, as well as other foundations, relevant statutory goals of unions.
7. trade unions have the right to carry out on the basis of the Federal law on their own, as well as through established their organization of income-generating activities, if it is stipulated in their statutes, only insofar as it contributes to the objectives for which they were created, and if it corresponds to that of such objectives. (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 444-FZ), Article 25. Guarantee workers belonging to the Trade Union bodies and not liberated from work 1. (Repealed-the Federal law from 01.07.2010 N 146-FZ)
2. (repealed-the Federal law from 01.07.2010 N 146-FZ) 3. Dismissal on the employer's initiative of heads (alternates) collegiate bodies of the primary trade union organizations, the collegiate bodies of the trade-union organizations of structural subdivisions of organizations (not below the craft and those assimilated thereto), are not exempt from the basic work is allowed, in accordance with labor code of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 01.07.2010 N 146-FZ)
4. bringing to disciplinary responsibility of Commissioners, trade union representatives and Trade Union created in joint committees (commissions) for labour protection, transfer them to another job or dismissal on the initiative of the employer shall be permitted only with the prior consent of the Trade Union body in the primary trade-union organization.
5. Members of Trade Union bodies not excepted from the main work, authorized Trade Union safety representatives of the Trade Union created in organizations of joint committees (commissions) on occupational safety and health shall be exempted from the substantive work to perform Union duties in the interests of the workforce, as well as at the time of the short Trade Union study. Conditions for exemption from the substantive work and order of payment execution time Union duties and time studying those persons are determined by the collective agreement, agreement.
6. Members of Trade Union bodies not excepted from the main work, exempt from it to participate as delegates to congresses, conferences, convened by the trade unions, as well as to participate in the work of their elected officials. The terms of their release from work time and method of payment participation in those activities are defined in the collective agreement, agreement.
Article 26. Safeguards released Union employees, elected (delegated) the Trade Union bodies 1. Union workers, freed from the Organization due to the election (the delegation) for elective posts in trade unions, is available after the expiry of their terms of previous work (position), and in its absence-another equivalent work (position) in the same or, with the consent of the employee to another organization.
2. If you cannot provide suitable position is still a place of work in the event of a reorganization of the Organization, the employer or his successor in title, and in case of liquidation of the trade union organization shall retain freed trade union worker average earnings for the period of employment, but not more than six months and, in the case of retraining or study up to one year.
3. Working hours freed trade unionists elected (delegated) the Trade Union bodies, counted them in the General and special seniority.

4. Trade Union workers Released, featured (delegated) in the body of the primary trade-union organization, have the same social and employment rights and benefits as other workers, in accordance with the collective agreement, agreement.
Article 27. Guarantees the right to work of workers who were members of the Trade Union bodies of Dismissal by an employer of employees who were members of Trade Union bodies shall not be permitted within two years after the end of their term, except in cases of liquidation of the organization or employee action, for which the Federal law provides for dismissal. In these cases, dismissal is made in the manner provided for in paragraph 3 of article 25 hereof.
Article 28. The obligations of the employer to create conditions for the exercise of trade union activities 1. The employer provides the trade unions acting in the Organization free of charge necessary for their activities, equipment, premises, vehicles and communications equipment in accordance with the collective agreement, agreement.
2. an employer may transfer for free trade unions on the balance of the organization or its leased buildings, premises and other objects, as well as recreation, sports and wellness facilities, necessary for the Organization of leisure, conducting cultural and educational, athletic and recreational work with employees and their families. While commercial maintenance, repair, heating, lighting, cleaning, security, as well as equipment specified objects carried out by the Organization unless otherwise provided by a collective agreement, agreement.
A list of objects and dimensions of the Trade Union contributions of socio-cultural and other work of the Organization rests in the manner and under the conditions set by federal law, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the collective agreement, agreement.
3. If there is a written statement the workers unionized employer monthly and free lists on account of trade union membership dues Union dues from the wages of employees in accordance with the collective agreement, agreement. An employer may not delay the listing of these.
4. the organizations in which the trade unions signed collective contracts, agreements or subject to the industry (cross-sectoral) tariff agreements, employers at the written request of the workers who are not Union members, monthly transfer on account of Trade Union funds from salaries of specified employees under the conditions and in accordance with the procedure laid down in collective agreements, sectoral (cross-sectoral) tariff agreements. If your organization operates several unions involved in the signing of a collective agreement or sectoral (inter-branch) tariff agreement, moneys paid into the accounts of these trade unions is proportional to the number of their members.
Chapter IV. PROTECTION of the RIGHTS of TRADE UNIONS, article 29. Judicial protection of trade union rights are guaranteed judicial protection of trade union rights.
Trade union rights violations dealt with by the Court on the application of the Prosecutor or by statement of claim or complaint by a relevant body of the Union, the primary trade-union organization.
Article 30. Liability for the violation of trade union rights 1. For violation of the legislation on Trade Union officials of the State bodies, local self-government bodies, employers, officials of associations (unions) shall bear disciplinary, administrative, criminal liability in accordance with the federal laws.
2. Organs nationwide trade unions, associations (associations), trade unions, the primary trade union organizations may require disciplinary dismissal of officials violating the legislation on trade unions which do not fulfil the obligations provided for in the collective agreement, agreement.
On demand these Union bodies, the employer is obliged to terminate the employment agreement (contract) with an official, if it violates the law on trade unions, is not fulfilling its obligations under the collective agreement, agreement.
Chapter v. RESPONSIBILITY of TRADE UNIONS Article 31. Responsibility of trade unions for failing to comply with its obligations under the collective agreement, agreement, organization and conduct of strikes, recognized by a court to be illegal, trade unions and members of their governing bodies, shall bear responsibility in accordance with the federal laws.
Chapter VI. Final clauses article 32. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
Article 33. Enforcement of legal acts in compliance with this federal law to propose to the President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its legal acts in compliance with this federal law.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N 10 January 12, 1996-FZ