On Introducing Changes And Additions Into The Education Act Of The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О внесении изменений и дополнений в Закон Российской Федерации "Об образовании"

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102039093

Expired-the Federal law dated 29.12.2012. N 273-FZ RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on amendments and additions to the Education Act of the Russian Federation "adopted by the State Duma on July 12, 1995 year approved by the Federation Council of the year January 5, 1996 (as amended by federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ;
from 20.04.2007 N 56-FZ; from 21.07.2007 N 194-FZ;
from 01.12.2007 N 309-FZ) t s t b I 1. To amend the Education Act of the Russian Federation (Gazette of the Congress of people's deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992, no. 30, art. 1797) changes and additions read as follows: "the LAW of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION on education Under this Act, education is understood as a purposeful process of upbringing and education for the benefit of man, society, State, accompanied by a statement of achievements of the national (students) established by the State educational levels (educational qualifications).
Obtaining national (learners) education refers to achievement and reiteration of a certain educational qualification, which shall be certified by the relevant instrument.
The right to education is a fundamental and inalienable constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation.
Education in the Russian Federation shall be exercised in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and norms of international law.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. State education policy 1. The Russian Federation declares education a priority.
2. Organizational basis of State policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education is the Federal program of education development, as approved by the Federal law.
3. the federal programme for the development of education is being developed on a competitive basis. The contest is being advertised by the Government of the Russian Federation.
4. Report of the Government of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the federal programme for the development of education is presented annually to the Chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and published in the Official Gazette.
5. State and municipal educational establishments, bodies of education management creation and activity of organizational structures of political parties, social-political and religious movements and organizations (associations) are not allowed.
Article 2. Principles of State policy in the field of education, the State education policy is based on the following principles: 1) the humanistic nature of education, the priority of general human values, human life and health, free development of the personality. Civic education, hard work, respect for human rights and freedoms, love for nature, Homeland, family;
2) Unity federal cultural and educational space. Protection and development of the education system of national cultures and regional cultural traditions and peculiarities in the multi-ethnic State;
3) accessibility of education, adaptability of the education system to the levels and characteristics of development and training of students and pupils;
4) the secular nature of education in State and municipal educational establishments;
5) freedom and pluralism in education;
6) democratic, public-public character of the management of education. The autonomy of educational institutions.
Article 3. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education includes the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the present Federal law, taken in accordance with other laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education.
2. Federal laws in the field of education, including the present law: delimit the competence and responsibility in the field of education of the federal bodies of State power and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
regulate within federal competence in the field of education issues that must be addressed uniformly by all constituent entities of the Russian Federation. In this part of federal laws in the field of education are the laws directly applicable throughout the territory of the Russian Federation;
enter general installation norms on matters which fall within the competence of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and in accordance with which the latter carry out its own legal regulation in the field of education.
3. The subjects of the Russian Federation in accordance with their status and competence can make in the field of education laws and other regulatory legal acts, which do not contradict federal laws in the field of education.
Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education cannot restrict the rights of natural and legal persons in comparison with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education.

4. Natural and legal persons who violate laws of the Russian Federation in the field of education, bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. Objectives of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education, the Objectives of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education are: 1) the delineation of competence in the field of education between public authorities and education authorities at various levels;
2) ensuring and protecting the constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation on education;
3) establishment of legal guarantees for the free functioning and development of the system of education of the Russian Federation;
4) define the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities of individuals and legal entities in the field of education, as well as legal regulation of their relations in this field.
Article 5. The State safeguards the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of education 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation guarantees access to education regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, place of residence, attitude to religion, convictions, membership of public organizations (associations), age, State of health, social, property or official status, or criminal record.
Limits on citizens ' rights to education on the basis of gender, age, health status, criminal record can be established only by law.
2. the State guarantees citizens the right to education through the establishment of a system of education and relevant socio-economic conditions for receiving an education.
3. The State guarantees citizens accessible and free primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education and basic vocational training, as well as on a competitive basis to free secondary vocational, higher and postgraduate vocational training in State and municipal educational establishments within the limits of State educational standards if this level of education receives for the first time.
4. Training costs paid by citizens in private educational institutions, state-accredited and implements educational programs of general education shall be a citizen of the State in amounts determined by State regulations training citizens in State or municipal educational establishment of appropriate type and species.
5. In order to realize the right to education of citizens in need of social assistance, the State shall bear the expenses wholly or partly for their maintenance during the period of their education. Categories of citizens who receive this assistance, its shapes, sizes and sources are established by federal law.
6. the State creates citizens with developmental conditions for their education, development and correction of social adaptation on the basis of special pedagogical approaches.
7. the State provides assistance in obtaining education citizens, demonstrating outstanding ability, including by providing special State scholarships, including scholarships for study abroad. The criteria and procedure for granting such scholarships shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 6. Language (s) of study 1. General issues of language policy in education is governed by the law of the RSFSR on languages of peoples of the RSFSR.
2. Citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to receive basic general education in the mother tongue, as well as to choose the language of instruction within the possibilities offered by the educational system.
The right of citizens to education in their mother tongue is ensured by the establishment of the requisite number of educational institutions, classes and groups, as well as modalities for their functioning.
3. Language (s) in which education and training are conducted in an educational institution is determined by the founder (founders) educational institution and (or) the Charter educational institutions.
4. the State, in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation assists representatives of the peoples of the Russian Federation, residing outside its territory, in receipt of basic general education in their mother tongue.
5. all state-accredited educational institutions, with the exception of preschool, learning Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation are regulated by the State educational standards.
6. Studying the State languages of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation are governed by the laws of these Republics.
7. the State assists in the preparation of specialists for the implementation of the educational process in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation and stateless.
Article 7. State educational standards

1. In the Russian Federation State educational standards are established, including federal and regional components.
The Russian Federation was represented by federal authorities within their competencies sets Federal components of the State educational standards that define the compulsory minimum mandatory content of basic education programs, the maximum study load of students, graduates of training requirements.
2. When implementing educational programmes for students with developmental disabilities can be installed in special State educational standards.
3. the procedure for development, approval and introduction of State educational standards determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, except in the cases prescribed by law.
4. State educational standard of basic general education shall be established by federal law.
5. State educational standards are developed on a competitive basis and are specified on the same basis, at least once in ten years. The contest is being advertised by the Government of the Russian Federation.
6. State educational standards are the basis of an objective evaluation of the level of education and qualification of graduates irrespective of their form of education.
Chapter II. Article 8 EDUCATION SYSTEM. The concept of the education system, the education system in the Russian Federation is a set of interacting: successive educational programmes and State educational standards at various levels and focus;
networks implement their educational institutions, regardless of their organizational-legal forms, types and species;
education authorities and their institutions and organizations.
Article 9. Educational programs 1. Educational program determines the content of education identified the level and direction. In the Russian Federation implemented educational programs, which are divided into: 1) educational (primary and secondary);
2) Professional (basic and advanced).
2. Educational programmes aimed at meeting the challenges of a common culture of personality, adaptation of the individual to life in society, to create a framework for informed choice and development of professional educational programs.
3. General include: 1) pre-school education;
2) basic general education;
3) basic general education;
4) secondary (full) general education.
4. Professional educational programmes aimed at meeting the challenges of consistent professional and general education levels, training of specialists with relevant expertise.
5. Professional include: 1) initial vocational training;
2) secondary vocational education;
3) higher professional education;
4) post-graduate professional education.
6. The compulsory minimum content of each major curriculum or vocational educational program (for a particular vocation, profession) is set to the appropriate State educational standard.
7. the normative terms of mastering basic educational programs in State and municipal educational establishments shall be determined by the present Law and (or) the model provisions on educational institutions respective types or appropriate State educational standard.
Article 10. Forms of education 1. Taking into account the needs and capacities of the individual educational programs are developed in the following forms:-in the form of educational institution full-time full-time part-time (evening), correspondence; in the form of family education, self-education, external studies.
Allowed the combination of different forms of education.
2. For all forms of education within the primary secondary or primary vocational education program operates a unified State educational standard.
3. lists of professions and specialties, which are in full-time-part-time (evening), correspondence and external studies on the form is not allowed in part of the competence of the Russian Federation shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Founder (founders) educational institution 1. The founder (founders) educational institutions (hereinafter referred to as the settlor) may be: 1) organs of State power, bodies of local self-government;
2) domestic and foreign organizations of all patterns of ownership, their associations (associations and unions);
3) domestic and foreign public and private funds;
4) public and religious organisations (associations), registered on the territory of the Russian Federation;
5) citizens of the Russian Federation and foreign citizens.
Allowed the joint Foundation of educational institutions.

To change the membership of existing State and municipal educational institutions is permitted in cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education.
In case of reorganization of public authorities, education authorities and (or) organs of local self-government law founder pass to respective successors and assigns.
2. the founder of educational institutions of all types that implement the military professional education programs, can only be the Government of the Russian Federation.
The founder of the special educational institutions for children and adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behaviour can only be federal bodies of executive power and (or) the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
3. the relationship between the founder and the educational institution are determined by contract concluded between them, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 11-1. Non-State educational institutions 1. Non-State educational institutions may be created in the organizational-legal forms stipulated by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation for non-profit organizations.
2. the activities of non-governmental educational organizations in the part not regulated by the present law, will be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
Article 12. Educational institutions 1. Education is the institution conducting the educational process, i.e. implementing one or more educational programs and (or) providing for the maintenance and upbringing of pupils, pupils.
2. Educational institution is a legal person.
3. Educational institutions according to their organizational-legal forms can be public, municipal, non-governmental (private, public and religious organizations (associations).
The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education extends to all educational institutions on the territory of the Russian Federation, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms and subordination.
4. educational institutions include the following types: 1) pre-school;
2) educational (primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education);
3) establishment of initial vocational, secondary vocational, higher and postgraduate vocational education;
4) institutions providing supplementary education for adults;
5) Special (correctional) for students, pupils with deviations in development;
6) institutions providing supplementary education;
7) institutions for orphans and children deprived of parental care (legal representatives);
8) institutions of sideline education for children;
9) other institutions engaged in the educational process.
5. the activities of the State and municipal educational institutions governed by the model provisions on educational institutions respective types and approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, and developed on their basis of the charters of these educational institutions.
For private educational institutions model provisions on educational institutions serve as exemplary.
6. The status of a State educational institution (type, type and category of educational institution, as defined in accordance with the level and focus of implemented educational programs) installed when its State accreditation.
7. branches, divisions, subdivisions of educational institution may in his power of attorney to carry out fully or in part the powers of legal entity, including have independent balance and own accounts in banks and other credit institutions.
8. Educational institutions have the right to form educational associations (associations and unions), including institutions, enterprises and public organizations (associations). These educational associations are established in order to develop and improve education and operate in accordance with their charters. The registration and activities of these educational associations shall be regulated by law.
9. the rights and responsibilities of institutions of further education, stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, subject to the public organizations (associations), the main statutory aim which is an educational activity only in part the implementation of additional educational programs.
Article 13. Charter educational institutions 1. The Charter educational institutions mandatory to specify: 1) name, location (legal address), the status of educational institutions;
2) founder;
3) legal form of educational institutions;
4) objectives of the educational process, types and implemented educational programs;
5) basic characteristics of organization of educational process, including:

a) language (s), which conducted training and education;
b) procedure for admission of students, pupils;
in) length of study at each stage of education;
g) procedure and grounds for expulsion of students, pupils;
d) rating system with intermediate certification forms and procedures;
e) occupation mode of students, pupils;
f) availability of paid educational services and the manner of their provision (contract basis);
w) procedure regulations and formalizing arrangements for educational institutions and students, pupils and (or) their parents (legal representatives);
6) the structure of the financial and economic activity of educational institutions, including: a) the use of property objects contained by the founder for the educational institution;
b) funding and logistical support activities of educational institutions;
in) sources and order of formation property of an educational institution;
g) entrepreneurial activity;
7) the management of educational institutions, including: a) the competence of the founder;
b) structure, the procedure for the formation of management bodies of educational institutions, their competence and organization activities;
in order of acquisition) employees of educational institutions and the conditions of their remuneration;
g) how to change the Charter educational institutions;
d) procedure for reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions;
8) rights and obligations of the participants of the educational process;
9) list of local acts (orders, instructions and other acts), governing the activities of educational institutions.
2. the statutes of the educational institution civil in the part not regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, developed them independently and approved by its founder.
3. If necessary, the regulation referred to in this article the parties activities of educational institutions in other local acts of the past must be registered as addenda to the Charter educational institutions.
4. Local educational institution acts cannot contradict his Charter.
Article 14. General requirements to the content of education 1. The content of education is one of the factors of economic and social progress of society and should be focused on: ensuring the self-determination of the individual, create conditions for self-realization;
development of society;
strengthening and improving the rule of law.
2. the content of education should ensure an adequate level of overall world: and professional culture of society;
the formation of the student adequate present knowledge and level of education program (grades) picture of the world;
integration of personality into the national and world culture;
formation of the person and the citizen, integrated in modern it society and aimed at improving this society;
reproduction and development of human resources in society.
3. Vocational training at any level should ensure that learners profession and relevant qualifications.
4. the content of education should promote understanding and cooperation between people and peoples, irrespective of their racial, national, ethnic, religious and social conditioning, take into account the diversity of attitudes, to facilitate realization of the right of students to choose freely the opinion and belief.
5. the content of education in a particular educational institution defined educational program (educational programs), formulated, adopted and implemented by the educational institution on its own.
Public administration education providing, on the basis of the State educational standards of exemplary educational programs.
6. Educational institution in accordance with its statutory goals and tasks can implement additional educational programs and to provide supplemental educational services (contract basis) outside the defining his status of educational programs.
7. Military training in civilian educational institutions can only be carried out on an optional basis, with the consent of the students and/or their parents (legal representatives) at the expense of means and forces concerned.
8. Educational institution with educational programmes takes advantage of cultural institutions.
Article 15. General requirements for the Organization of educational process 1. Organization of educational process in educational institution is regulated by the curriculum (by the content of the educational program on training courses, by discipline and year), an annual calendar training schedule and schedules classes, developed and approved by the educational institution on its own. Public administration education providing exemplary curricula and syllabi of courses, subjects.

2. Public authorities, education authorities and bodies of local self-government shall not be entitled to change the curriculum and training schedule of the civilian educational institutions after their approval, except for the cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Educational institution alone in choosing rating system, the form, the order and frequency of intermediate certification students.
4. the development of educational programmes, basic general, secondary (full) General and all kinds of professional education ends mandatory final certification of graduates.
5. Scientific-methodical maintenance of outcome assessments and objective quality assurance graduates upon completion of each level of education provided by public certification service, independent of the education authorities, according to State educational standards.
6. Discipline in an educational institution is maintained on the basis of respect for the human dignity of pupils, students and teachers. The use of physical and mental violence against students, students are not allowed.
7. Parents (legal representatives) juveniles enrolled, students must be provided with an opportunity to review the progress and content of the educational process, as well as assessments of learning achievement of students.
Article 16. General requirements for reception of citizens in the educational institutions 1. Citizens reception procedure in educational institutions in the part not regulated by this Act, shall be determined by the founder and enshrined in the Charter of the institution.
Founder sets the order of admission in State and municipal educational institutions at the primary General, basic general, secondary (full) General and initial vocational education, which provides admission to all citizens who live in the area and have the right to receive education at the appropriate level.
2. When taking a citizen in an educational institution is obliged to acquaint his last and (or) its parents (legal representatives) with the Charter of the institution and other instruments governing the Organization of the educational process.
3. Reception of citizens in State and municipal educational establishments for secondary vocational, higher and postgraduate vocational education is done on a competitive basis on citizens ' applications. Conditions of the contest should guarantee the rights of citizens to education and ensure that crediting the most capable and trained citizens to develop the educational program at the appropriate level.
Out of competition, subject to passing the entrance examinations in State and municipal educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education are for children-orphans and children left without parental care, as well as disabled persons in groups I and II, which according to medical-Labour Commission not contraindicated training in appropriate educational institutions.
Article 17. The implementation of educational programmes 1. Educational programmes are implemented in the pre-school educational institutions, educational institutions, primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education, including special (corrective) educational establishments for pupils, pupils with deviations in development, in educational establishments for orphans and children deprived of parental care (legal representatives).
2. Educational programs for special (corrective) educational establishments for pupils, pupils with deviations in development are developed on the basis of basic education programmes, taking into account the peculiarities of psychophysical development and opportunities of students, pupils.
3. Educational programs of preschool, primary General, basic general and secondary (full) general education are preemstvennymi, that is, each subsequent program builds on the previous one.
4. Students at the stage of basic general and basic general education, not mastering school year and programme with academic arrears on two or more subjects, at the discretion of their parents (legal representatives) are left on re-learning, translated into classes of compensating training with fewer students per education professional institution, or continue their education in the form of family education. Students at these levels of education, with the results of the academic year the academic debt on one subject, shall be transferred to the next grade. Responsibility for eliminating academic debt students for the next school year rests with their parents (legal representatives).
Transfer student to the next grade anyway will be accorded on the decision of the authority of the Office of educational institutions.

5. Students not mastering the educational program of the previous level, are not allowed to teach for the next stage of general education.
Article 18. Pre-school education 1. Parents are the first teachers. They must lay the foundations of a physical, moral and intellectual development of the child's personality in early childhood.
2. the State guarantees financial and material support in the education of children of early childhood educational services ensures the availability of pre-school educational institution for all segments of the population.
3. For pre-school education, the protection and promotion of their physical and mental health, individual development and the necessary correction of the child's development assistance to the family operates a network of pre-school educational institutions.
4. the relationship between the preschool educational institution and parents (lawful representatives) shall be governed by the contract between them, which cannot limit the statutory rights of the parties.
5. Local self-governments organise and coordinate methodological, diagnostic and counselling for families with preschool children at home.
Article 19. Primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education 1. General education includes three steps, appropriate levels of educational programs: primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education.
2. Age is allowed Reception of citizens, and their duration of study at each level of education are defined in the Charter of the institution.
3. Basic general education and State (cumulative) certification are required.
4. basic general education requirement in relation to a specific pupil remains in force until the child reaches the age of fifteen years, if the corresponding education students had been received earlier.
(Repealed in part in the new paragraph 5 of article 19-the Federal law from 21.07.2007 N 194-FZ)
6. By agreement of the parents (legal representatives) and local authority education student who has reached the age of fifteen, may leave the establishment until the General receipt of basic general education.
7. By a decision of the authority of an educational institution for the Commission of illegal acts, grave and repeated violations of the Charter of the institution allowed exclusion from this educational institution students who have reached the age of fourteen years. The decision to expel children-orphans and children left without parental care (legal representatives), was adopted with the consent of the tutorship and guardianship agencies.
Student exception from an educational institution most obliged within three days inform the local authorities. Local self-government bodies, together with their parents or legal representatives of the excluded within a month shall take measures to ensure his employment or continuing training in another educational institution.
8. the treaties and general educational establishments jointly with enterprises, institutions, organizations can train students as optional (including fee-paying) educational services under an appropriate license (permission) to the specified activity. Initial training is carried out only with the consent of the students and their parents (legal representatives).
Article 20. Implementation of vocational training programmes 1. Professional educational programs, including those for students, students with special needs and the disabled, are implemented in the educational institutions of vocational education, including special (correctional) for students, students with special needs. Educational institutions of vocational education, with State accreditation, implement these educational programs at the appropriate level for the training of skilled labour (workers and employees) and specialists at the appropriate level according to lists of professions and specialties, promulgated by the Government of the Russian Federation, and levels of education, established by the present law.
2. The State educational standard for secondary (full) general education is implemented within the educational programs of elementary vocational or secondary vocational education to the profile obtained vocational education.
3. the existence of any other professional education cannot serve as a basis for denying citizens in the educational institution of vocational education.
Article 21. Training 1. The training is aimed at accelerating the acquisition of learners with the skills needed to perform a work group works. Training has not been accompanied by an increase in the educational level of the student.

2. the State creates where appropriate persons without basic education, conditions for training.
3. training can be received in the educational institutions of elementary professional education and other educational institutions: inter-school teaching, training and production workshops, educational sites (shops), as well as in the educational units of the organizations that have the appropriate license, and in individual training specialists have appraised and have appropriate licenses.
Article 22. Elementary vocational education 1. Initial vocational training is aimed at the training of skilled labour (workers, employees) for all major destinations of socially useful activities on the base of basic general education.
On individual occupations elementary vocational education can be based on the average of (full) general education.
2. Basic vocational education can be obtained at educational institutions of initial vocational training (vocational and other colleges this level).
Article 23. Secondary vocational education 1. Secondary vocational education is the training of middle managers, individual needs to increase and expand their education on the basis of the basic general, secondary (full) General or vocational education.
2. citizens, having secondary (full) General or primary vocational education corresponding profile, receive secondary vocational education reduced the accelerated programs.
3. Secondary vocational education can be obtained at educational institutions of secondary vocational education (vocational schools) or at the first step of the educational institutions of higher professional education.
4. Educational institution of secondary vocational education can implement educational programs for initial vocational training under an appropriate license.
Article 24. Higher professional education 1. Higher vocational education is the training and retraining of specialists at the appropriate level, individual needs to increase and expand their education on the basis of secondary (full) General, secondary vocational education.
2. Higher professional education can be acquired at educational institutions of higher professional education (higher educational institutions).
3. Persons with basic vocational training in the field can receive higher professional education on abbreviated accelerated programs.
4. Persons with secondary vocational education in the field can receive higher professional education on abbreviated accelerated programs.
Article 25. Postgraduate education 1. Postgraduate education provides citizens with an opportunity to raise the level of education, scientific, pedagogic qualifications on the basis of the higher professional education.
2. Postgraduate education may be acquired at graduate school, residency and graduate, created in the educational institutions of higher professional education and scientific institutions.
Article 26. Additional education 1. Additional educational programs and supplemental educational services are implemented in order to meet the educational needs of citizens, society and State.
Within each level of vocational education the main task of the further education is a continuing professional development worker, servant, a specialist in connection with constant improvements in educational standards.
2. additional educational programmes include educational programs of various kinds, sold: in general educational establishments and educational institutions professional education outside their status of major educational programs;
in educational establishments providing supplementary education (institutions, refresher courses, vocational guidance, music and art schools, art schools, homes, children's art, young technicians at stations, stations for young naturalists and other agencies with the appropriate license);
through individual educational activities.
Article 27. Education documents 1. Educational institution in accordance with license issues for persons having passed final certification documents of relevant education and/or skills in accordance with the license. Form of documents is determined by the educational institution. These documents shall be certified by the seal of the educational institution.

2. Educational institutions with State accreditation and implement comprehensive (excluding pre-school) and professional educational programs, issued to persons having passed final certification, government documents on the education level and (or) qualification.
3. citizens who have completed postgraduate education, supportive professional work (thesis, on the basis of scientific works), is assigned to the academic degree and the corresponding document is issued.
4. Government about the appropriate level of education is a prerequisite for continuing education in State or municipal educational institution of subsequent levels of education, unless otherwise provided by the Charter of the corresponding educational institution.
Specified in the initial professional, secondary vocational, higher vocational education qualifications and in the postgraduate professional education degrees entitle their holders to engage in professional activities, including posts, for which the prescribed order defined mandatory qualification requirements for appropriate educational requirement.
5. In the Russian Federation establishes the following educational levels (educational qualifications): 1) basic general education;
2) secondary (full) general education;
3) initial vocational training;
4) secondary vocational education;
5) higher education;
6) post-graduate professional education.
6. Persons who do not complete their education at this level, you receive a certificate of the established sample.
Chapter III. MANAGEMENT of the EDUCATION SYSTEM, article 28. The competence of the Russian Federation in the field of education in the field of education, the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, represented by its Federal Government and education authorities are responsible for: 1) formulation and implementation of federal policies in the field of education;
2) legal regulation of relations in the field of education within its competence;
3) development and implementation of federal and international education development programmes, taking into account socio-economic, demographic and other conditions and characteristics, including the promotion of education in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation in other States;
4) formation of federal government education authorities, as well as departmental education authorities and management, appointment of the heads of these bodies;
5) matching appointments of Heads of educational institutions of the Federation, unless otherwise required by law or model provisions on educational establishments appropriate types and species;
6) establishing the order of establishment, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions;
7) establishing lists of professions and specialties, which are training and professional education;
8) creation, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions, federal, State attestation and accreditation of educational institutions, the establishment of an independent education management bodies of State certification system-diagnostic centers (State certification service);
9) organizing and coordinating the logistics of a federal programme for the development of education and other federal programs in the field of education;
10) development and adoption of the model provisions on educational institutions;
11) establishing the order of licensing, certification and accreditation of educational institutions of the State;
12) establishing the order of certification of pedagogical employees of the State and municipal educational institutions and employees of the education authorities;
13) Regulation of labour relations, labour standards and federal regulations his pay in educational institutions;
14) the establishment of the Federal component of the State educational standards and equivalence of educational documents on the territory of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation nostrification of diplomas of foreign States;
15) annual percentage setting federal revenue to education financing. Forming part of the federal budget, expenditure on education, federal funds for the development of education;
16) establishment: tax incentives to encourage the development of education;
Federal education funding regulations of students, pupils;
the financing of educational institutions;
binding on the territory of the Russian Federation a minimum level of wages and salaries of the staff of educational institutions, relevant professional qualification groups and employees of public education authorities;

benefits for different categories of students, pupils of educational institutions and teachers State and municipal educational institutions, as well as the types of material and ensure these students, pupils and teachers;
How to make citizens and their repayment of personal State education credit;
educational qualification of teaching staff;
Federal requirements for educational institutions in part of building codes and regulations, health regulations, health students, pupils, protection of population and territories against emergency situations of natural and technogenic character, minimum equipment of educational process and equipment of classrooms;
17) direct funding for Federal educational institutions, unless otherwise provided for in the model provisions on educational establishments appropriate types and species;
18) informational and scientific-methodical maintenance of educational system development within the limits of its competence, exemplary curricula and syllabi of courses, subjects, arranging the publication of educational literature and production of textbooks. Creation of a unified information system for the Russian Federation in the field of education;
19) the Organization of the federal system of training and retraining of pedagogical workers and State education authorities;
20) monitoring of implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education and federal components of the State educational standards;
21) establishing and assigning the State awards and honorary titles of educators;
22) edition of the normative documents within its competence;
23) licensing educational establishments of higher vocational programme and postgraduate professional education and issuing license for conducting educational activities on specified programs.
Article 29. Competence of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education administered by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education are: (lost effect in part of the presentation of the new edition of subparagraph 1 of article 29-federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ) 2) legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education;
3) defining characteristics of creation, reorganization, liquidation and the financing of educational institutions;
4) implementation of federal education policy, financial reinforcement of State guarantees and whether the availability of basic education through the allocation of subventions to local budgets;
5) development and implementation of national, regional education development programmes, including international, national and regional socio-economic, environmental, cultural, demographic and other characteristics;
6) formation of public administration education and management, appointment of the heads of these bodies (in consultation with the federal authorities of education);
7) creation, reorganization and liquidation of the educational institutions of the relevant submission, the licensing of educational institutions, except for the right of conducting licensing educational activities on programmes of higher and postgraduate vocational education;
(Lost effect in part of the presentation of the new edition of sub-item 8 of article 29-federal law of 01.12.2007 N 309-FZ) 9) formation of budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the part of the expenditure on education and appropriate funds for the development of education;
10) establishment of local taxes and levies on the aims of education;
11) establishment Republican, regional education funding regulations;
12) organization funding for local education authorities and educational institutions, providing mediation services in parts of logistics;
13) establishing additional federal requirements for educational institutions in part of building codes and regulations, health regulations, health students, pupils, educational process equipment and equipment of classrooms;
14) additional federal benefits to students, pupils and the pedagogical employees of educational institutions, as well as the types of material and ensure these students, pupils and teachers;
15) information provision within its field of competence, educational institutions, the organisation of the publication of educational literature, developing exemplary curricula and syllabi of courses, subjects;
16) the Organization of training, retraining, improvement of professional skill of pedagogical workers;
(Lost effect in part of the presentation of the new edition of subparagraph 17 article 29-federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ) 18) edition of the normative documents, within the limits of their competence.
(Ineffective portion of the presentation in the new wording of article 30-the Federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ) Article 31. The competence of the bodies of local self-government in education 1. Local self-government bodies are responsible for:

the realization of the right of citizens to obtain prescribed in this law compulsory basic general education;
the annual publication averages about under federal and local requirements of modalities for the implementation of the educational process in educational institutions located in their territories.
2. exclusive competence in the field of education, organs of local self-government are: 1) planning, organizing, controlling and supervising the work of local (municipal) education authorities, educational institutions for the implementation of the State policy in the field of education;
2) forming part of local budgets in expenditure on education and appropriate funds for the development of education, the development and adoption of local regulations for financing the education system;
3) ensuring citizens residing in their respective territories, to select educational institutions;
4) Regulation within its competence of property relations in the educational system;
5) creation, reorganization and liquidation of municipal educational institutions;
6) establishment and liquidation of local (municipal) education authorities and (or) self-administered school districts, define its structure and powers, appointment and dismissal by agreement with State authorities of education heads of local education authorities;
7) appointment of Heads of municipal educational institutions, unless otherwise provided for in the model provisions on educational establishments appropriate types and species or by decision of the local government;
8) construction of buildings and structures of municipal educational institutions, develop the adjacent territories;
9) lease terms buildings, premises and other properties of educational institutions;
10) use of State and municipal educational institutions, cultural and sports facilities for education;
11) establishing additional taxes and incentives to encourage the development of education.
3. separation of competencies in the field of education between municipal entities, one of which territory is part of the territory of another, shall be regulated in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
4. distribution of competence in the field of education between local authorities is regulated in the manner prescribed by statute (provision) of the local self-government bodies.
5. Local (municipal) education authorities do not have the right to independently make its consideration of issues referred to the competence of the public education authorities. (Lost effect in part of the presentation of the new edition of subparagraph 6 of paragraph 1 of article 31-the Federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ), Article 32. The competence and responsibility of educational institutions 1. Educational institution alone in the implementation of the educational process, selection and placement, academic, financial, economic and other activities within the limits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the model provision of educational establishment of appropriate type and type and Charter educational institutions.
2. the competence of the institution include: 1) logistical support and equipment for the educational process, the equipment of premises in accordance with State and local regulations and requirements carried out within their own financial resources;
2) attraction for implementation of the activities called for in the Charter of this educational institution, additional sources of financial and material resources, including the use of bank credit;
3) provision and founder of the public annual report on receipt and expenditure of financial and material resources;
4) selection, recruitment and placement of staff, responsible for the level of their qualifications;
5) Organization and improve methodical maintenance of educational process;
6) development and adoption of educational programmes and curricula;
7) design and approval of work programmes of courses and disciplines;
8) design and approval by agreement with the local authorities of the annual calendar of educational charts;
9) establishing educational institution management structure, staffing, allocation of duties;
10) establishing wages and salaries of employees of educational institutions within its own financial means and subject to the restrictions imposed by federal and local regulations;
11) establishing allowances and supplements to official salaries of employees of an educational institution, order and the size of their bonus payments;
12) development and adoption of the Statute of the institution;
13) development and adoption of the rules governing the internal regulations of educational institution, other local acts;

14) an independent formation of the contingent of pupils, pupils within a designated quota license, unless otherwise required by the standard regulations of educational institution of appropriate type and appearance and this Act;
15) an educational process in accordance with the Charter of the institution, license and certificate of State accreditation;
16) monitoring implementation progress and interim attestation of students of the educational institution in accordance with its Charter and the requirements of this Act;
17) monitoring the timely provision of separate categories of students, pupils of fringe benefits and types of material provision stipulated by legislation of the Russian Federation, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and legal acts of local self-government bodies;
18) ensuring educational institution residential conditions of the inmates is not less than the standard;
19) creating in an educational establishment of the necessary conditions for units catering organizations and medical institutions, the monitoring of their work to protect and enhance the health of students, pupils and employees of educational institutions;
20) promoting the activities of the teachers (teaching) organizations (associations) and methodical associations;
21) coordination in an educational institution of the public (including children's and youth) organizations (associations) are not prohibited by law;
22) other activities not prohibited by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the institution.
3. Educational institution incurs in order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation responsible for: 1) failure to perform the functions assigned to its competence;
2) full implementation of educational programmes, in accordance with the study plan and the schedule of the educational process; the quality of education of its graduates;
3) the life and health of students, pupils and employees of educational institutions during educational process;
4) violation of the rights and freedoms of students, pupils and employees of educational institutions;
5) other actions stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 33. How to create and regulate the activities of educational institutions 1. Educational institution created by the founder on their own initiative and shall be registered by the authorized body in declarative manner in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Registration of educational institutions may not be refused for unreasonableness. Refusal of registration, as well as evasion of it may be appealed by the founder in court. Founder's claim will be reviewed in court within one month.
3. For the purposes of the registration of educational institutions founder represents the application for registration, the decision of the founder of an educational institution or a contract Charter founders of educational institutions, the document on payment of the State registration fee.
4. The authorized body within one month, conducts the registration of educational institutions, as in writing, notify the applicant, financial bodies, relevant State body managing education.
5. the rights of legal entities in the educational institution in part of financial-economic activities under its Statute and aimed at the preparation of the educational process, arise from the moment of registration of educational institutions.
6. the right to conduct educational activities and benefits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the educational institution since granting him a license (permission).
7. License for conducting educational activities is issued by a public authority management education or local government body vested with appropriate powers legislation of the Russian Federation, on the basis of the opinion of the Expert Commission. The license for conducting educational activities educational institutions of religious organizations (associations) are issued on presentation of the appropriate denomination Guide.
8. the Expert Commission shall be established by a public authority management education or local government body vested with appropriate powers legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, according to founder and carries out its work in a month. The Expert Commission on an equal footing included representatives of public authority management education, the relevant local authority and (or) local (municipal) body managing education, existing educational institutions and the public.

9. The subject and content of the examination is to establish the suitability of the conditions of implementation of the educational process, offered by educational institutions, State and local requirements in part of building codes and regulations, sanitary and hygienic norms, health students, pupils and staff of educational institutions, equipment of classrooms, equipment of educational process, educational qualification of teaching staff and staffing. The content, organization and methodology of educational process the subject of examination are not.
10. claims examiner may not exceed averages for the territory in which the registered institution.
11. the cost of examination shall be paid by the founder.
12. In the license issued by the educational institution are control regulations limit the number of students, pupils and the period of validity of this licence.
13. A negative opinion on the results of the examination and it-based refusal to license educational establishment may be appealed by the founder in court. Founder's claim will be reviewed in court within one month.
14. monitoring educational institution, irrespective of its organizational-legal forms stipulated by the license conditions provides management education for the public authority or local authority that issued the license. In the event of a breach of these conditions of licence may be revoked.
15. Renewal of license shall be carried out in the same order.
16. The right to an educational institution for the grant of its graduates document State standard about the appropriate level of education, the use of a seal with the State emblem of the Russian Federation, as well as the right educational institution for inclusion in the scheme of Central Government funding arise from the moment of their State accreditation, confirmed by the certificate of State accreditation.
17. Certificate of State accreditation of educational institutions confirms its State status, the level of implemented educational programs match the content and quality of training requirements of State educational standards, the right to issue documents of State graduates the appropriate level of education.
Certificate of State accreditation issued by preschool educational institutions and institutions providing supplementary education for children, confirms the status of the State educational institution, the level of implemented educational programs category of this educational institution.
18. the State accreditation of educational institutions is carried out by the Federal Government and departmental education authorities or by their proxy other State education authorities on the basis of an application of an educational institution and its certification.
(Ineffective portion in new paragraphs 19-22 of article 33-the Federal law from 20.04.2007 N 56-FZ) 23. The educational institution may be deprived of State accreditation according to the results of attestation.
24. branches (branch) educational institutions are registered by the actual address, licensing, attestation and accreditation of State general educational institutions established for this law.
25. Educational institutions can receive public accreditation in various Russian, foreign and international public educational, scientific, and industrial structures. Such accreditation does not entail additional financial commitments on the part of the State.
Article 34. Reorganization and liquidation of the institution 1. The educational institution may be reorganized into another educational institution by decision of the founder, if it does not entail a violation of the obligations of the institution or if the founder takes these obligations themselves.
2. When reorganisation (change of legal form, status) of an educational institution of its Charter, license and certificate of State accreditation shall be null and void.
3. Transfer of State educational institutions under the authority of the local self-government bodies is allowed only with the consent of the latter.
4. Elimination of educational institutions can be carried out: by decision of its founders by an organ of the legal person, authorized by the constituent documents;
a court decision in the case of activities without the proper license or activities prohibited by law, any activity that does not match its chartered purposes.
5. Elimination of the rural preschool education or educational institution of the avalanche allowed only with the consent of the communities served by the institution.
Article 35. State and municipal management

educational institutions 1. Management of public and municipal educational institutions is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the corresponding educational institution.
2. Management of the State and municipal educational establishments is based on the principles of unity of command and self-government. Forms of self-government of educational institutions are educational institutions, Board of Trustees, the General Assembly, the Council and other forms. Procedure for the election of the organs of self-government of educational institutions and their competence shall be as designated by the statutes of the educational institution.
3. Direct control of State or municipal educational institution carries out past the appropriate certification Manager, Director, Rector or other head (Administrator) of the corresponding educational institution.
The status of the head of the Federal State institution established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
4. the head of State or municipal educational institutions in accordance with the Charter of the corresponding educational institution may be: 1) elected team of educational institutions;
2) elected collective of an educational institution in the preliminary harmonization of the candidates (candidates) with founder;
3) elected team of educational institutions with subsequent approval of the founder;
4) appointed by the founder with the provision of the Council of the institution of the veto;
5) appointed by the founder;
6) hired by the founder.
Civilian educational institutions of higher professional education appointment of Rectors is not allowed.
5. separation of powers between the educational institution and the head of an educational institution shall be determined by the statutes of educational institutions.
6. The Heads of State and municipal educational institutions combining their posts with other senior posts (except for scientific and scientific-methodical manual) inside or outside educational institutions is not permitted.
7. Responsibilities of the heads of State and municipal educational institutions, their branches (offices) cannot be performed concurrently.
Article 36. Management of non-State educational institution 1. Guide non-State educational institution founder directly or on behalf of the Board of Trustees that is generated by the founder.
2. Powers of the Board of Trustees and scheme of the internal management of non-State educational institution, as well as the procedure for the appointment or election of the head of a specified educational institution and jurisdiction of this head are determined by the founder (Board of Trustees) of the institution in consultation with the teaching staff and are committed to the Charter of non-State educational institutions.
Article 37. Education authorities in the Russian Federation 1. In the Russian Federation are established and operate the following State bodies managing education: Federal (Central) Government bodies of education management;
federal departmental education authorities;
State education authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. the State bodies managing education are created by decision of the relevant body of executive power in consultation with the respective legislative (representative) body of State power.
3. Local (municipal) education authorities can be established by a decision of the respective local government.
4. the activities of the education authorities aimed at ensuring the federal programme for the development of education, State education standards and the functioning of the education system at the level of State standards.
5. the competence of the public education authorities are mandatory: 1) development and implementation of targeted federal and international programmes in the field of education;
2) development of State educational standards and establishing equivalence (recognition) of documents on education;
3) State accreditation of educational institutions, promoting their public accreditation;
4) establishment of the procedure of certification of pedagogical employees of educational institutions of different types and kinds of educational requirements and data cenzam of pedagogical workers;
5) formation of the structure of the education system; development of the list of professions and specialties, which are training and professional education;
6) direct financing of activities established by their educational institutions;
7) creation of public funds stabilization and development of the education system;

8 public funding regulations) the development of educational institutions, as well as logistical, security and equipment of educational process;
9) forecasting the development of the network of educational institutions, preparation of proposals for the allocation of subventions from the federal budget for development of education in the regions;
10) monitoring of implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education, the State educational standards, the budget and financial discipline in the educational system.
6. Education Management Bodies subordinated to them under the control of educational institutions. In case of violation of the educational institution of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education and (or) its Statute, State education authorities have the right to his injunction to suspend in this part of the activities of educational institutions before the Court decision.
Article 38. State control over the quality of education at accredited educational institutions 1. State attestation service can send educational institution has State accreditation, a complaint on the quality of education and (or) non-conformity education requirements of the State educational standard.
2. Grounds for review by the supreme organ of State certifying question of dispatching service specified claims are: 1) with respect to educational institutions, implementing educational programmes: a resolution of the general meeting of parents (legal representatives) studying educational institutions;
the formal presentation of the branch of the State attestation service at the location of the educational institution;
2) in relation to educational institutions, implements professional educational programs: the decision of the general meeting of students of the educational institution;
the formal presentation of the State employment service.
3. a decision on the direction of the said claim, or rejecting the applicants ' claims about the complaint is accepted by the supreme organ of State certification services and communicated to the applicants within a month. Denial of public certification services from the direction of the complaint may be lodged by the applicants to the Court. The claim will be reviewed in court at the place of registration of educational institutions within two months. The Court's decision in this instance is final.
4. Repeated the claim within two years automatically entails the deprivation of educational institution of its State accreditation. The resumption of State accreditation is carried out in the same order as receive it.
Chapter IV. ECONOMICS EDUCATION SYSTEM Article 39. Property relations in education 1. For the educational institution to ensure educational activities in accordance with its founding Charter enshrines the right to property objects (land, buildings, equipment, machinery, and other equipment for consumer, social, cultural and other appointments), owned by the founder of the ownership or rented from a third party (the owner).
Land plots allocated to State and municipal educational institutions in indefinite free use.
2. Objects of ownership, enshrined by the founder for the educational institution located in the operational management of the institution.
3. Educational institution is liable to the owner for safety and efficient use for the property. Supervision of the activities of educational establishments in this part the founder or another legal person authorized by the owner.
4. State and (or) municipal property, enshrined for the educational institution may be alienated by the owner in the manner and under the conditions established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and legal acts of local self-government bodies, adopted within the limits of their authority.
5. Non-governmental educational institution has priority right to purchase previously docked behind him or leased them alienated State and (or) municipal property.
6. the exemption and (or) the alienation of the property, attached to the educational institution shall be allowed only upon expiry of the term of the contract between the owner (authorized legal entity) and educational institution or between the owner (authorized legal entity) and founder, unless otherwise provided for in this Treaty.

7. Educational institution has the right of ownership of funds, property and other properties passed to it physical and (or) legal entities in the form of a gift, donation or bequest, the products of intellectual and creative work, resulting from its activities, as well as income from own activities of educational institutions and acquired at these income property.
8. Non-governmental educational organization may be declared bankrupt in conformity with the procedure prescribed by law.
9. Educational institution is liable for its obligations under his disposal cash and property belonging to it. In case of insufficiency of educational institutions have specified means liability for its obligations carries the founder in the manner determined by law.
10. In case of liquidation of the educational institution cash and other objects of property owned by him on the property right, minus payments to meet its obligations are directed towards the development of education in accordance with the Charter of the institution.
11. Educational institution has the right to speak as a tenant and landlord of the property. Lease of State or municipal educational institution reserved properties, as well as plots shall be carried out without the right of redemption, with the consent of the Council of the institution at prices that can not be lower than the prices prevailing in this region.
Funds received educational institution as rents are used for maintenance and development of educational process in this educational institution.
12. With State or municipal educational institution if the founder and owner of educational institution accorded to him of the property are public authorities or bodies of local self-government, the same administrative-territorial units, the rent for the use of the enshrined objects of property will be charged and the cost of repair and overhaul and maintenance of appropriate educational institution bears the founder (owner), unless otherwise provided by the contract between the founder and the educational institution.
13. State and municipal educational institutions reserved for them on the right of operative administration or their separate disposal of objects of industrial and social infrastructure, including accommodation, located in school buildings, industrial, social, and cultural facilities in rural areas, dormitories, as well as clinical medical education institutions base located in the operational management of educational establishments or other conduct, privatisation (deregulation) will not be considered.
Article 40. State guarantees priority to education 1. The basis of State guarantees of citizens of the Russian Federation of education within State educational standards is the State and (or) municipal finance education.
2. the State guarantees the annual allocation of funds for education in the amount of not less than 10 per cent of national income, as well as protection of the relevant expenditure of the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets. The size and funding of educational institutions regulations are subject to quarterly indexation in accordance with inflation.
Expenditure on the financing of higher professional education can not be less than three per cent of the expenses of the federal budget. The federal budget is funded by tuition in State educational institutions of higher professional education at least 170 students per 10 000 people living in the Russian Federation.
3. Educational institutions regardless of their organizational-legal forms in part non-entrepreneurial activity, under the Charter of these educational institutions are exempt from all taxes, including land.
4. in order to attract investment into the education system, the State provides special tax benefits to enterprises, institutions and organizations irrespective of their organizational-legal forms, as well as natural persons, including foreign citizens, invests its funds including in kind, in the development of the system of education of the Russian Federation. The nature, size and order of granting these benefits are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Employers are responsible for training the employees with whom they are in an employment relationship. Minimum standards of financial costs for these purposes for enterprises, institutions and organizations irrespective of their organizational and legal forms and forms of ownership, as well as how to use financial resources shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
5. the State provides incentives on taxation of real estate owners, taking their property for rent to educational institutions.
6. Production organizations, educational institutions, in the calculation of the tax is equal to consumer goods.
7. The State pays the parents (legal representatives) public childcare benefits until a certain age, legislation of the Russian Federation child allowance for needy families, families with many children and single mothers (fathers) who have been disabled since childhood, child allowances conscripts, allowances for minor children during the detection of their parents, as well as other social benefits provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation. The amount of the benefits shall not be included in taxable income tax income of citizens.
8. Parents (legal representatives) exercising the upbringing and education of a minor child in the family, paid additional funds in the amount of the cost of education of each child at the appropriate stage of education in State or municipal educational institution, as defined by the public (including departmental) and local regulations of funding. Payments are made at the expense of the founders of the State or municipal educational institutions respective types and to prevent the child from receiving a secondary (full) General or vocational education, or until the child reaches the age specified by legislation of the Russian Federation as the limit for payments of social allowances for children. The amount of these payments are not included in taxable income taxable income of citizens.
9. the State creates the necessary conditions for the development of a network of institutions providing supplementary education for children and provides material support to these institutions, including financial.
Article 41. Financing of educational institutions 1. The activities of an educational institution is financed by its founder, in accordance with the contract between them. Under the contract between the founder and the last educational institution may operate self-financed.
2. Financing of educational institutions is effected on the basis of the State (including departmental) and local regulations as defined in the funding per student, pupil of every type, type and category of educational institutions.
For ungraded rural and regarded as such by the public authorities and the authorities of education educational establishments the norm of their financing should take into account the costs that do not depend on the number of students.
3. federal funding standards of educational institutions shall be established annually by the Federal law adopted simultaneously with the Federal law on the federal budget for the next year, and are minimally acceptable.
4. regional and local legislation funding should take into account the specificity of the educational institution and be sufficient to cover the medium on the territory of the current costs associated with educational process and operation of buildings, structures and equipment of educational institutions.
5. Financing Scheme in State and municipal educational institutions shall be determined by the model provisions on educational establishments appropriate types and species.
6. Regulations for financing private educational institutions may not be lower than the standards funding similar State and municipal educational institutions in the territory.
7. Non-State general educational establishments are entitled to State and (or) municipal finance since their State accreditation in case of realization of their basic educational programs.
8. Educational institution, regardless of its legal form is entitled to involve in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, additional financing, including foreign exchange, money by providing paid additional educational or other institution under the Charter services, as well as through voluntary contributions and earmarked contributions from natural and/or legal persons, including foreign nationals and (or) of foreign legal entities.
9. involve educational institution of additional funds referred to in paragraph 8 of this article shall not entail lowering the standards and (or) the absolute size of its funding by the founder.

10. State and municipal educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education is entitled to exercise over the founder of funded tasks (control digits) on the admission of students training and retraining of qualified labour (workers and employees) and specialists at the appropriate level of education under contracts with physical and (or) legal entities with the payment of their tuition fees.
Admission of students in State and municipal educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education to train specialists in the field of law, economy, management, State and municipal government under contracts with individuals as well as non-State enterprises, institutions and organizations may not be more than 25 percent of the students receive for each direction (specialty) training. This rule shall not limit the right educational institution of higher professional education in the education of foreign citizens on the basis of the relevant treaties.
Article 42. Features of the economy of secondary vocational and higher vocational education 1. Getting free on a competitive basis, secondary vocational and higher vocational education in State educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education within the Federal component of the State educational standard is financed from the federal budget and the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the tasks (control digits) on the admission of students to free education.
2. The volume and structure of reception of students on training at the expense of the federal budget are determined in the manner prescribed by the Russian Government.
(Repealed in part set out in new paragraph 3 of article 42-federal law of 01.12.2007 N 309-FZ)
4. Within the existing budgetary and extrabudgetary funds educational institutions independently develop and implement measures for the social support of students, including set depending on the social status and the academic success of students ' specific social benefits (scholarships), other benefits, including payment for meals, travel to their place of permanent residence and the acquisition of educational supplies, recreational activities, as well as establish the procedures and fees for accommodation , for the public, household and other services not directly related to the educational process.
Funds were allocated from the federal budget for the upkeep of hostels and other objects of social-cultural sphere of secondary vocational and higher vocational education, as well as on the implementation of measures for the social protection of students, each student institution of vocational or higher professional education, student at the expense of the federal budget to implement these measures, the monthly budgetary provisions allocated respectively and two and a half times the minimum wage.
5. State educational institutions independently determine directions and how to use its budgetary and extrabudgetary funds, including their share of allocated for salaries and material incentives for educators.
6. For organization of social support for students enrolled in educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education, a special credit system in the form of personal social education loan.
The provision of personal social education credit are developed and approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 43. The right educational institution on the use of financial and material resources 1. Educational institution independently carries out financial and economic activities. It has its own balance and settlement account, including monetary, banking and other credit institutions.
2. financial and material resources of educational institutions reserved for him by the founder or the property of the institution, shall be used by it at its own discretion, in accordance with the Charter of the institution and are not subject to seizure, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Not used in the current year (quarter, month) funds cannot be withdrawn from the educational institution or set off the founder in funding this institution the following year (quarter, month).
4. Educational institution has the right to participate in statutory funds of companies (joint stock companies) and other organizations only with its property.

5. Educational institution may, with the consent of the owner to use a pinned him funds and other objects of property in its activities related to the receipt of income. In this case, the owner is entitled to part of the income from the use of reserved objects of property in an amount determined by the contract between the owner and the educational institution.
Article 44. The material and technical base of educational institutions 1. Educational institution must provide content reserved and (or) his ownership of buildings, facilities, property, equipment or other property of the consumer, social, cultural or any other destination at least defined by the regulations in force in the territory.
2. Development of material-technical base state or municipal educational institutions is carried out by the educational institution within the reserved (budgetary) and own funds.
3. State and local (municipal) education authorities must provide mediation services on a contract basis attached to educational institutions (if needed) in addressing the maintenance and development of material-technical base.
Article 45. Paid supplemental educational services in State and municipal educational institutions 1. State and municipal educational institutions may provide to the population, enterprises, institutions and organizations paid supplemental educational services (tutoring on additional educational programs, teaching special courses and disciplines, tutoring, classes with the students in-depth study subjects and other services), not provided for in the relevant educational programmes and State educational standards.
2. income from the activities of the State or municipal educational establishment less the share founder (owner) is reinvested in the educational institution, including increased spending on salaries, at his discretion. This does not apply to business.
3. paid education services cannot be rendered instead of educational activities funded from the budget. Otherwise the funds, earned through such activities, shall be the founder in his budget. Educational institution may appeal the action of the founder in court.
Article 46. Paid educational activities of non-State educational institutions 1. Non-State educational institution may charge a fee to students, students for educational services including education within State educational standards.
2. Paid educational activities of such an educational institution is not considered as a business, if the received income from it completely goes for cost recovery for the provision of the educational process (including wages), its development and improvement of this educational institution.
3. the relationship of the non-governmental educational institution and student, pupil, his parents (legal representatives) are governed by a contract, defining the level of education, duration of tuition, fees, other terms and conditions.
Article 47. Business activities of educational institutions 1. Educational institution has the right to engage in entrepreneurial activities under its Charter.
2. the business activities of educational institutions include: sales and renting fixed assets and property of the institution;
trade goods purchase equipment;
provision of intermediary services;
participation in the activities of other agencies (including education) and by the organizations;
acquisition of shares, bonds, other securities and income (dividends, interest);
other unrealized income maintenance operations not directly related to its own production under the Charter products, works, services and implementation.
3. the activities of educational institutions to implement the Charter of this educational institution of production, works and services refers to the business only to the extent that the resulting from this activity income is reinvested directly in the educational institution and (or) to immediate needs of security, development and perfection of educational process (including wages) this educational institution.
4. in its entrepreneurship educational institution is equated to the enterprise and is subject to the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of entrepreneurship.

5. The founder or the local self-government bodies shall have the right to suspend business activities of an educational institution, if it comes at the expense of the educational activities envisaged by the Charter, before the Court decision on the matter.
Article 48. Self-employed educational activities 1. Self-employed pedagogical activity, accompanied by income is considered as a business and is subject to registration in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Self-employed pedagogical activity is not licensed. Applicant submits its registration in the corresponding local authority only application and document on payment of the registration fee.
3. Unregistered self-employed pedagogical activity is not allowed. Individuals involved in such activities in violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. All income received from such activity, shall be collected as revenue of the local budget in accordance with the established procedure.
Article 49. Compensation for damage caused by faulty education 1. The State, represented by the authorized State bodies of education management in case of poor quality graduates accredited educational institution has the right to present this educational institution to claim the reimbursement of additional expenses for retraining those graduates at other educational institutions.
2. the grounds for the claim is the claim of public certification services on the quality of students. The claim will be reviewed in court at the place of residence (registration) of an educational institution within two months. The Court's decision in this instance is final.
Chapter v. SOCIAL GUARANTEES for the REALIZATION of CITIZENS ' RIGHTS to EDUCATION, Article 50. Law and social protection of students, pupils of 1. Rights and responsibilities of students, pupils of educational institutions shall be determined by the statutes of the educational institution provided for in the Charter and other local acts.
2. Adult citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to choose an educational institution and forms of education.
3. citizens educated in non-accredited educational institutions, in the form of family education and self-study are eligible for certification in the form of external students at accredited educational institutions of the corresponding type.
4. Students of all educational establishments have the right to receive an education in accordance with State educational standards for training within those standards according to individual curricula, an accelerated training course, free use of the library and information resources of the libraries get more (including fee-paying) educational services, to participate in the administration of the educational institution to respect for his human dignity, freedom of conscience, of expression of own opinions and beliefs.
Training of citizens according to individual curricula within State educational standards and forms of participation of students in the management of educational institution are regulated by the statutes of the educational institution.
5. The graduates of educational institutions, regardless of their organizational-legal forms, state-accredited, have equal rights of access to the educational institution of the next level.
6. Students, pupils of State or municipal educational institution founder within its competence and in accordance with applicable regulations provides scholarships, places in hostels and boarding schools, subsidized or free meals and travel on public transport, other types of benefits and material assistance.
7. citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to receive a first free elementary General, basic general, secondary (full) General, initial professional education and, on a competitive basis, secondary vocational, higher and postgraduate vocational training in State and municipal educational establishments within the limits of State educational standards.
Citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right in accordance with the established procedure repeatedly receive free vocational training in public service employment, in the event of loss of ability to work in an occupation, profession, in the case of occupational disease, and (or) disability, in other cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
8. Studying in educational institutions on full-time-part-time (evening) and extramural performing curriculum are entitled to additional paid leave in the workplace, on a shortened working week and to other concessions that are provided in the order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

9. In the educational institutions of the content and education of orphans and children deprived of parental care (legal representatives), shall be carried out on the basis of full State provision.
10. For children and adolescents with developmental disabilities education authorities create special (corrective) educational establishments (classes, groups) providing treatment, education and training, social adaptation and integration into society.
Financing of these educational institutions is carried out by high standards.
Categories of students, pupils, destined to the specified educational institutions, as well as the totally supported by the State, are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Children and adolescents with special needs shall be sent to the specified educational institutions education authorities only with the consent of their parents (legal representatives) on the conclusion of a psycho-pedagogical and medico-pedagogical commissions.
11. For adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behavior, age eleven, in need of special care and training and requiring special pedagogical approach, there are special educational establishments for their medical and social rehabilitation, education and vocational training.
The direction of these adolescents in these educational institutions is carried out only by a court decision.
12. For citizens detained in educational labour and corrective-labour institutions, the administration of these institutions and State education authorities the conditions for obtaining the basic general and initial vocational education, vocational training, as well as for self-learning.
13. Public authorities and education authorities can create non-standard educational institutions of higher category for children, adolescents and young people who showed outstanding ability.
Above-level financing of such educational institutions are financed from the founder.
Criteria for the selection of such children, adolescents and young people in these educational institutions shall be determined by the founder and brought to the attention of the public.
14. the involvement of students, pupils of civilian educational institutions without the consent of the students, pupils and their parents (legal representatives) to work not provided for education programme, is prohibited.
15. forcing the students and pupils to join social, socio-political organizations (associations), movements and parties, as well as forced to bring them to the activities of these organizations and participate in promotional campaigns and political rallies are not allowed.
16. Students, students of the civilian educational institutions have the right to free access to activities not covered by the curriculum.
17. In case of termination of activity of educational institutions or educational institutions of initial vocational education management body, which comes under this educational institution, provides translation students, pupils with the consent of their parents (legal representatives) to other educational institutions of the corresponding type.
(Repealed in part set out in new paragraph 18 of article 50-the Federal law from 20.04.2007 N 56-FZ) 19. Students, pupils have the right to transfer to another institution that implements educational program at the appropriate level, with the consent of the institution and their successful completion of the certification.
20. Studying non-State educational establishments, state-accredited, are entitled to the benefits provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation for State and municipal educational institutions.
21. The right to an exemption from conscription while studying full-time in an educational institution of vocational education at a given level (stage) have students enrolled in educational institutions at the next level (stage).
22. the State provides for the establishment of a mechanism for social protection of children and adolescents, the quotas for jobs in enterprises for employment of graduates, orphans, children with developmental disabilities and behavior; develop and implement targeted programs on enforcement, protection of life and health of children, protect children from all forms of discrimination.
Article 51. The health of students, pupils of 1. Educational institution creates the conditions to guarantee the protection and strengthening of health of pupils, pupils.
Teaching load, students, pupils shall be as designated by the statutes of the educational institution on the basis of recommendations agreed with health authorities.

2. For children in need of long-term care are health institutions, including a sanatorium. Training for these children can be educational institutions at home or in hospitals.
3. Teaching staff of educational establishments are obliged to undergo periodic free medical screenings, which take place at the expense of the founder.
4. medical care of students, pupils of educational institutions provide health authorities. Educational institution is obliged to provide the premises with relevant working conditions of health workers.
5. Schedule an educational institution must include sufficient length break for nutrition students, pupils.
Catering in an educational institution is the responsibility of the local authorities on educational institutions catering. The educational institution must be provided premises for nutrition students, pupils.
6. The inflationary increase in the cost of food and health care students, pupils are fully compensated by the State.
7. Responsibility for creating the necessary conditions for study, work and rest of students, pupils of educational institutions are officials of educational institutions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the institution.
Article 52. Rights and duties of parents (legal representatives) 1. Parents (legal representatives) of minors before receiving the latest basic general education have the right to choose the form of education, educational institutions, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the child, to take part in the Government educational institution.
2. parents (legal representatives) enrolled, students are required to comply with the statutes of the educational institution.
3. parents (legal representatives) have the right to give your child a primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education within the family. The child is receiving education in the family, may, at any stage in his positive appraisal by a decision of the parents (legal representatives) to continue their education in an educational establishment.
4. parents (legal representatives) enrolled, students are responsible for their upbringing, their basic general education.
Article 53. Lesson teaching activities 1. Order of acquisition staff of educational establishments is regulated by their statutes.
The pedagogical activities in educational establishments allowed persons with educational qualification, which is determined by the model provisions on educational establishments appropriate types and species.
2. pedagogical activities in educational institutions are not allowed the people to whom it was prohibited by the Court or for medical reasons, as well as persons who have had a previous conviction for certain crimes. Lists of relevant medical contraindications and offences are established by law.
Article 54. Compensation of employees of educational institutions 1. Wage and salary worker educational institution paid for his functional responsibilities and works stipulated by the labour agreement (contract). Execution of an employee of an educational institution other works and duties payable under the supplemental agreement, except cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Pedagogical employees of educational institutions, minimum wages and salaries are set at a rate higher than the average salary level in the Russian Federation.
3. The average salary and the salary of teaching staff of educational institutions shall be set at a level: for pedagogical workers from among the teaching staff of the educational institutions of higher professional education, twice the level of the average wage of workers in industry in the Russian Federation;
for teachers and other educational professionals-no less than the average wage of workers in industry in the Russian Federation;
for other employees of educational institutions-the average wage similar categories of workers in industry in the Russian Federation.
4. Educational institution within existing funds to pay employees of the educational institution determines the form and pay system, rates of wages and salaries, as well as the size of supplements, allowances, bonuses and other incentive measures.
Finding resources for these purposes by exceeding maximum admissible educational pedagogical worker loads of educational institutions is prohibited.
Article 55. Rights of employees of educational institutions, their social guarantees and benefits

1. employees of educational establishments have the right to participate in the administration of the educational institution to defend his professional honour and dignity.
2. A disciplinary investigation pedagogical educational institution employee standards of professional conduct and (or) of the Charter of the institution could be carried out only according to a complaint filed on him in writing. A copy of the complaint must be referred to the pedagogical worker.
3. the disciplinary investigation and adopted its decisions may be made public only with the consent of a pedagogical employee educational institutions, except for the cases leading to the prohibition to engage in educational activities, or when you want to protect the interests of students and pupils.
4. In the performance of their professional duties of pedagogical workers have the right to freedom of choice and use of methods of training and education, textbooks and materials, textbooks, methods for assessing knowledge of students and pupils.
5. For teacher educators shortened working time-not more than 36 hours per week.
Depending on the position and (or) specialty teaching employees of educational establishments, taking into account the particularities of their labour, the duration of working time, as well as paid annual leave are set by the labour code of the Russian Federation and in other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation.
Teaching staff of the educational institutions in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, are entitled to a retirement pension until they reach retirement age, the free living area with heating and lighting in rural areas, working villages (settlements of a urban type), priority provision of living space.
Teaching staff of the educational institution not less often than once every 10 years of continuous teaching experience are eligible for an extended vacation for up to one year, the order and terms of which shall be determined by the founder and (or) the Charter of this educational institution.
6. Teaching load pedagogical worker educational institution, ogovarivaemaja in the labour agreement (contract), is limited to the upper limit defined by the standard regulations of educational institution of appropriate type and species.
7. Pedagogical worker educational institution of higher professional education, having a degree in a relevant specialty is entitled free of charge to read a course parallel to the existing. Guide educational institution is obliged to create the necessary conditions for this.
8. Pedagogical employees of educational establishments (including managers, whose activities are related to the educational process) in order to facilitate their providing publishing and periodicals paid monthly monetary compensation in the amount of 1.5 times the minimum wage-in educational institutions of higher vocational education and the corresponding additional professional education, equivalent to one minimum wage in other educational institutions. Amount paid monetary compensation is not subject to taxation.
9. The teaching staff of educational institutions, remote from urban centres and considered as such by the public authorities and education authorities are subject to the facilities provided for in this area for agricultural specialists.
10. The graduate pedagogical educational institutions of higher vocational and secondary vocational education, other specialists arrived to work in the rural educational institutions, subject to the conditions and procedure for the extradition of a lump-sum payment on commercial furnishing set for professionals who have graduated from educational institutions of higher agricultural vocational and secondary vocational education.
11. The employees of educational and scientific laboratories, educational-production, production workshops (workshops) and educational farms, institutions, enterprises and organizations of the system of education subject to the benefits and advantages that are installed for workers of the relevant industries.
12. at engaged in work with convicted educators and educational counselling services that are created when agencies enforcing criminal sentences in the form of imprisonment, subject to the procedure and conditions for the establishment of a pension in connection with special working conditions provided for convicts working in institutions for the enforcement of prison sentences.
Article 56. Labour relations in the education system

1. For employees of an educational institution by the employer is the educational institution, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. labour relations the employee educational institutions and educational institutions are regulated by the labour agreement (contract). The terms of the employment agreement (contract) shall not contradict the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour.
3. in addition to the grounds for termination of employment contract on initiative of administration stipulated by legislation of the Russian Federation on labour law, the grounds for dismissing the employee educational institution on the initiative of the administration of the educational institution before the expiry of the employment contract (contract) are: 1) the repeated during the year, the flagrant violation of the Charter of the educational institution;
2) apply, including a one-time, educational methods, associated with a physical and/or psychological violence against the person of a pupil, pupil;
3) appearance at work is in condition of alcohol, narcotic or toxic inebriation.
Dismissal under these grounds may be exercised by the Administration without the consent of the Union.
Chapter VI. International activities in the FIELD of EDUCATION, Article 57. International cooperation of the Russian Federation 1. International cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of education are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
If an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
2. Education Management Bodies, educational institutions have the right to establish direct links with foreign enterprises, institutions and organizations.
3. Education, training and improvement of professional skill of foreign citizens in the educational institutions of the Russian Federation, as well as citizens of the Russian Federation in foreign educational institutions, carried out under the direct contracts concluded between educational institutions, associations, education authorities, other legal entities, as well as individuals in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 58. Foreign economic activity 1. Education authorities, educational institutions have the right to carry out foreign economic activities and have foreign currency accounts in banks and other credit institutions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Foreign Exchange funds received educational institution from foreign economic activity, belong to him ownership of or come in its operational management and are not subject to seizure. ".
T s t b I 2. In connection with the adoption of this federal law shall be invalidated the Decree of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation dated July 10, 1992 N 3267-I "on the procedure for enacting the law of the Russian Federation" on education ".
T s t b I 3. The President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its legal acts in compliance with this federal law.
T s t b I 4. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N 12 January 13, 1996-FZ