On Introducing Changes And Additions Into The Education Act Of The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О внесении изменений и дополнений в Закон Российской Федерации "Об образовании"

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Spconsumed by Federal Law September 29, 2012 N 273-FZ RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On introducing changes and additions to the Law Russian Federation "On education" Accepted State Duma of 12 July 1995 approved by the Federation Council on 5 January 1996 (In the wording of federal laws dated 29.12.2006 N 258-FZ; of 20 April 2007 N 56-FZ; dated 21.07.2007 N 194-FZ; of 01.12.2007 N 309-FZ) C t I am 1. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 1992, N 30, sect. 1797) changes and additions in the following wording: " ACT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION On Education This Law is understood to mean a purposeful process of education and learning for the benefit of [ [ Russia]] A person, a society, a State, accompanied by a convitation of a citizen's attainment of the educational level (educational qualifications) set by the State. The receipt of a citizen's (educational) education is understood to be the achievement and confirmation of a certain educational qualifications, which shall be certified by the relevant document. The right to education is one of the fundamental and inalienable constitutional rights of the citizens of the Russian Federation. Education in the Russian Federation is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international law. Chapter I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. State policy on education 1. The Russian Federation declared the area of education a priority. 2. The Federal Programme for the Development of Education, approved by federal law, is the organizational basis of the State policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education. 3. The Federal Programme for the Development of Education is being developed on a competitive basis. The contest is announced by the Government of the Russian Federation. 4. The report of the Government of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the Federal Programme for the Development of Education is submitted annually to the chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and is published in the official press. 5. In state and municipal educational institutions, educational institutions, creation and activity of organizational structures of political parties, socio-political and religious movements and organizations (associations) are allowed. Article 2. Principles of State policy in the field of education State policy in the field of education is based on the following principles: 1) the humanistic nature of education, The priority of human values, life and health, the free development of the individual. Education for citizenship, diligence, respect for human rights and freedoms, love of the natural environment, the Motherland, and the family; (2) the unity of the federal cultural and educational space. Protection and development of national cultures, regional cultural traditions and particularities in the context of a multi-ethnic State; 3) The development and training of pupils, students; (4) the secular nature of education in State and municipal educational institutions; 5) freedom and pluralism in education; 6) The democratic, public and public nature of the management of education. The autonomy of educational institutions. Article 3. The Russian Federation's legislation in the field of education 1. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Federal laws in the field of education, including this Law: delimit the competence and responsibility in the field of education of the federal authorities and state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation The Federation; , within the established federal competence, regulates the issues of relations in the field of education, which should be dealt with in the same way by all the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. In this part, federal laws in the field of education are directly applicable and are applied throughout the Russian Federation; introduce general policy rules on subjects that fall within the competence of the subjects OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in accordance with their status and competence, may enact laws and other normative legal acts in the field of education that are not contrary to the federal laws in the field of education. The laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education may not restrict the rights of individuals and legal entities in comparison with that of the Russian Federation in the field of education. 4. Natural and legal persons who have violated the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education are responsible in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 4. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION State authorities and education authorities at different levels; 2) to ensure and protect the constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation to education; 3) the creation of legal guarantees for the free OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4) the determination of the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities of natural and legal persons in the field of education, as well as the legal regulation of their relations in this field. Article 5. State guarantees of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of education 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation are guaranteed the possibility of receiving education regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, place of residence, attitude to religion, beliefs or membership of public organizations (associations), Age, state of health, social, property and official status, criminal record. Restrictions on the rights of citizens to vocational education on grounds of sex, age, state of health, criminal record may be established only by law. 2. The State shall ensure the right of citizens to education through the establishment of an educational system and the corresponding socio-economic conditions for education. 3. The State guarantees the free general, basic general, secondary (full) general education and primary vocational education, as well as free of charge, free of charge, free of charge. Higher professional and postgraduate vocational education in State and municipal educational institutions, within the limits of State educational standards, if this level of education is first received by a citizen. 4. The cost of educating citizens in paid non-State educational institutions with state accreditation and educational programmes of general education shall be reimbursed to the national by the State in the amount determined by the State. State standards for the cost of educating citizens in the State or municipal educational institution of the type and type concerned. 5. In order to realize the right to education of citizens in need of social assistance, the State bears the full or partial cost of their maintenance during the period of their education. The categories of citizens who are provided with this assistance, their forms, sizes and sources shall be established by federal law. 6. The State shall create conditions for citizens to receive education, correction of developmental disorders and social adaptation on the basis of special pedagogic approaches. 7. The State shall assist in the acquisition of education by citizens who have shown outstanding capacity, including through the provision of special State scholarships, including scholarships for study abroad. The criteria and procedure for granting such scholarships shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 6. Language (s) 1. The general issues of language policy in the area of education are regulated by the RSFSR Act on the Languages of Peoples of the RSFSR. 2. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to basic general education in their mother tongue and to choose the language of instruction within the limits of the educational system. The right of citizens to education in their mother tongue is ensured by the necessary number of appropriate educational institutions, classes and groups, as well as the conditions for their operation. 3. The language (s) in which education and training is conducted in the educational establishment is determined by the founder (s) of the educational institution and/or the statute of the educational institution. 4. The State shall, in accordance with international agreements of the Russian Federation, assist representatives of the peoples of the Russian Federation who live outside its territory to receive basic general education in their mother tongue. 5. In all State accreditation of educational institutions, except for pre-school, the study of the Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation is regulated by State educational standards. 6. The study of the national languages of the republics within the Russian Federation is regulated by the legislation of these republics. 7. The State shall assist in the training of specialists to carry out the educational process in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, which do not have statehood. Article 7. State educational standards 1. The Russian Federation establishes State educational standards, which include federal and national-regional components. The Russian Federation, through its federal authorities within their competence, establishes federal components of State educational standards that prescribe mandatory minimum standards The content of the main educational programs, the maximum amount of study load of students, requirements for the level of training of graduates. 2. Special State educational standards may be established for educational programmes for students with developmental disorders. 3. The procedure for the development, approval and implementation of State educational standards shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, except as provided by law. 4. The State educational standard for basic general education is established by federal law. 5. State educational standards are developed on a competitive basis and are specified on the same basis at least once every 10 years. The contest is announced by the Government of the Russian Federation. 6. State educational standards are the basis for an objective assessment of the level of education and qualification of graduates, irrespective of the form of education. Chapter II: EDUCATION SYSTEM Article 8. The concept of the educational system The education system in the Russian Federation is a combination of: successive educational programmes and State educational standards at various levels; and Directions; networks of educational institutions implementing them, irrespective of their legal and organizational forms, types and types; , the educational authorities and their subordinate institutions and organizations. Article 9. Educational programs 1. The educational programme defines the content of the education of certain levels and orientation. In the Russian Federation, educational programmes are carried out, which are divided into: 1) general education (basic and supplementary); (2) professional (basic and supplementary). 2. The general education programs are aimed at solving the problems of forming a common culture of personality, adapting the individual to life in society, creating the basis for conscious choice and mastturning professional educational programs. 3. The general education program includes: 1) preschool education; 2) primary general education; 3) basic general education; 4) of general (complete) general education. 4. The professional educational programs are aimed at solving problems of consistent improvement of professional and educational level, training of specialists of the relevant qualification. 5. Professional: 1) initial vocational education; 2) secondary vocational education; 3) higher vocational education; 4) after-university education Vocational training. 6. The compulsory minimum contents of each basic general education program or the main vocational educational program (specific occupation, speciality) shall be set by the relevant State educational standard. 7. The normative time frame for the development of basic educational programmes in State and municipal educational institutions is defined by this Law and the (or) model provisions on educational institutions of the types and types concerned, or The relevant State educational standard. Article 10. Forms of education 1. Taking into account the needs and possibilities of the individual, educational programmes are taught in the following forms: in the educational institution-in the form of a full-time correspondence course (evening), in correspondence; in the form of family education, self-education, externate. You can combine different forms of education. 2. For all forms of education, a single State educational standard applies to all forms of education within a specific basic general education or vocational training programme. 3. The lists of professions and specialties, which are not permitted in correspondence (evening), correspondence, and in the form of externalities, are established by the Government of the Russian Federation in part of the competence of the Russian Federation. Article 11. Founder (founders) of the educational institution 1. The founder (s) of an educational institution (hereinafter-the founder) may be: 1) public authorities, local authorities; 2) domestic and foreign organizations of all forms of ownership; Associations (associations and unions); 3) domestic and foreign public and private foundations; 4) public and religious organizations (associations) registered in the territory of the Russian Federation; 5) OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION It is possible to establish educational institutions jointly. A change in the composition of the founders of existing State and municipal educational institutions is permitted in the cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education. In the case of reorganization of the organs of state power, educational management bodies and (or) local self-government bodies, the rights of the founder shall be transferred to the respective successors. 2. Only the Government of the Russian Federation can establish all types and types of educational institutions that implement military vocational training programmes. Only the federal executive authorities and (or) the executive branch may be the founder of a special closed educational institution for children and adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behaviour THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The relations between the founder and the educational institution are determined by the agreement concluded between them in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 11-1. Non-State educational organizations 1. Non-State educational organizations may be established in organizational and legal forms provided for in the civil legislation of the Russian Federation for not-for-profit organizations. 2. The activities of non-State educational organizations in part not regulated by this Act are governed by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 12. Educational institutions 1. Education is an educational institution, that is, one or more educational programmes and (or) ensuring the content and upbringing of pupils. 2. The educational institution is a legal entity. 3. Educational institutions, by their organizational and legal forms, may be State, municipal, non-State (private, public and religious) organizations. The Russian Federation's legislation in the field of education applies to all educational institutions in the Russian Federation, regardless of their organizational and legal forms. 4. The educational institutions include the following types of institutions: 1) preschool; 2) general education (primary, general, secondary (full) general education); 3) institutions of primary education professional, secondary vocational, higher professional and post-graduate vocational training; 4) institutions of adult education; 5) special (remedial) for learners, Rejection of pupils with developmental disorders; 6) of the institution Secondary education; 7) institutions for orphans and children deprived of parental care (legal representatives); 8) institutions for the additional education of children; 9) other institutions, Implementing the educational process. 5. The activities of State and municipal educational institutions are governed by model provisions on educational establishments of the types and types approved by the Government of the Russian Federation and drawn up on their basis The statutes of these educational institutions. For non-State educational institutions, model provisions on educational institutions serve as examples. 6. The State status of the educational institution (type, type and category of educational institution determined according to the level and direction of the educational programmes it implements) shall be established upon its state accreditation. 7. Branches, offices, and structural units of the educational institution may, by its power of attorney, exercise all or part of the legal authority of a legal person, including having an independent balance and own accounts in banking and other Credit organizations. 8. Educational institutions are entitled to form educational associations (associations and unions), including with the participation of institutions, enterprises and public organizations (associations). These educational associations are established for the purpose of development and improvement of education and act in accordance with their statutes. The procedure for the registration and operation of these educational associations is regulated by law. 9. The rights and duties of supplementary education institutions provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation apply to public organizations (associations) whose main statutory purpose is educational activities, only in the implementation of additional educational programmes. Article 13. Charter of the educational institution 1. The constitution of the educational institution is mandatory: 1) name, location (legal, actual address), status of educational institution; 2) founder; 3) the organizational and legal form of the educational institution; 4) the aims of the educational process, types and types of educational programs implemented; 5) the basic characteristics of the organization of the educational process, including: (a) The language (s) in which education and training are conducted; (b) The procedure for receiving pupils, students; in the duration of each stage of instruction; g) the order and basis of deductions of students; (d) evaluation system in the intermediate stage; attestation, form and order; (e) Treatment of students; (f) the availability of fee-based educational services and the manner in which they are provided (on a contractual basis); (s) regulations; and Decoration of the relations of the educational institution and of pupils, pupils and (or) their parents (legal representatives); 6) the structure of the financial and economic activities of the educational institution, including in part: (a) the use of property objects fixed by the founder educational institution; b) funding and logistics of the educational institution; in) the sources and the procedure for forming the property of the educational institution; g) entrepreneurship; 7) The management of the educational institution, including: (a) the competence of the founder; b) the structure, the order of formation of the administration of the educational institution, their competence and organization of activities; (c) The procedure for recruiting employees of the educational institution and the conditions of payment for their work; g) procedure for amending the constitution of an educational institution; (d) procedures for the reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions; agencies; 8) rights and obligations of participants educational process; 9) a list of types of local acts (orders, orders and other acts) regulating the activity of an educational institution. 2. The charter of the civil educational institution in the part not regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation shall be elaborated by it and approved by its founder. 3. If necessary to regulate the activities of the educational institution referred to in this article other local acts, the latter shall be subject to registration as supplements to the statute of the educational institution. 4. Local acts of an educational institution cannot contradict its charter. Article 14. General content requirements 1. The content of education is one of the factors of economic and social progress of society and should be oriented towards: Self-determination of the individual, creation of conditions for self-fulfilment; development of society; Strengthening and improving the rule of law. 2. The content of education shall provide: Adequate world level of general and professional culture of society; Teaching the world; integrating individuals into national and world culture; creating a person and a citizen integrated into a modern society and aimed at improving that society; Reproduction and development of the human resources of society. 3. Vocational education at all levels shall ensure that students receive training and appropriate qualifications. 4. The content of education shall promote understanding and cooperation among people, peoples irrespective of race, nationality, ethnic, religious and social backgrounds, and take into account the diversity of attitudes, To promote the exercise of the right of students to freedom of opinion and belief. 5. The content of education in a particular educational institution is determined by the educational program (educational programs) being developed and implemented by this educational institution on its own. The State educational authorities shall ensure that exemplary educational programmes are developed on the basis of State educational standards. 6. An educational institution, in accordance with its statutory aims and objectives, can implement additional educational programs and provide additional educational services (on a contractual basis) beyond the defining status Education programmes. 7. Military training in civilian educational establishments may be conducted only on an optional basis with the consent of the students and/or their parents (or legal representatives) through the means and forces of the agency concerned. 8. The educational institution uses cultural institutions to implement educational programmes. Article 15. General requirements for the organization of the educational process 1. The organization of the educational process in the educational establishment is regulated by the curriculum (by content of the educational curriculum, by subject and by year of study), the annual calendar schedule and timetables Classes developed and approved by an educational institution on their own. The State educational authorities shall ensure the development of exemplary curricula and syllabi, disciplines. 2. The State authorities, the educational authorities and the local self-government bodies are not entitled to change the curriculum and curriculum of the civil educational institution after their approval, except in the case of OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. An educational institution is independent in the selection of the system of assessments, the form, the order and the frequency of the intermediate certification of students. 4. The completion of basic general, secondary (full) general education and all types of vocational education is completed by the mandatory final qualification of graduates. 5. Scientific-methodical assurance of final appraisals and objective monitoring of the quality of graduates ' training at the completion of each level of education is provided by the state certification service, independent of the educational management bodies, in in accordance with State educational standards. 6. Discipline in the educational institution is maintained on the basis of respect for the human dignity of students, pupils and teachers. The use of methods of physical and mental violence against pupils is not permitted. 7. The parents (legal representatives) of the minor pupils and pupils must be given the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the course and content of the educational process, as well as to evaluate the educational attainders of the students. Article 16. General requirements for the reception of citizens in educational institutions 1. The procedure for the admission of citizens to educational institutions in a part not regulated by this Act shall be determined by the founder and set out in the statute of the educational institution. Founder establishes the procedure for admission to public and municipal educational institutions at the level of primary, general, secondary (full) general and primary vocational education, which provides the reception All citizens who live in the territory and have the right to education at the appropriate level. 2. When a citizen is admitted to an educational institution, the citizen is obliged to acquaint him and/or his parents (legal representatives) with the statutes of the educational institution and other documents regulating the organization of the educational process. 3. Admission of citizens to state and municipal educational institutions for the receipt of secondary professional, higher professional and postgraduate vocational education is carried out on a competitive basis according to the citizens ' applications. The conditions of the competition must ensure respect for the rights of citizens to education and ensure that the best able and trained citizens are enrolled in the appropriate level of education. Out of competition, subject to the successful completion of entrance examinations to state and municipal educational institutions of secondary vocational and higher vocational education, orphans and children who have remained without The care of parents, as well as persons with disabilities, I and II, who, according to the conclusion of the medical board, do not oppose the education in the relevant educational institutions. Article 17. Implementation of general education programs 1. General education programs are implemented in preschool educational institutions, educational institutions of elementary, general and general secondary (full) general education, including special (remedial) educational institutions Institutions for pupils with developmental disorders, educational institutions for orphans and children deprived of parental care (legal representatives). 2. Educational programs of special (correctional) educational institutions for pupils, pupils with developmental disorders are developed on the basis of basic general education programs taking into account the peculiarities of psychophysical development and Opportunities for trainees, pupils and students. 3. Educational programmes of preschool, primary, general and secondary (full) general education are the successor, that is, each successive programme is based on the previous one. 4. The primary and general general education, which have failed to implement the school year programme and have academic indebtedness of two or more subjects, are left to be redeemed at the discretion of their parents (legal representatives) The training is being translated into remedial classes with fewer students for one teacher in the educational institution or continuing education in the form of family education. The studies at these levels, which have an academic debt of one subject at the end of the academic year, are placed in the next class on probation. Responsibility for the elimination of students ' academic indebtedness in the next school year is vested in their parents (legal representatives). The { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } 5. The trainees who have failed to do so at the previous level are not allowed to study at the next stage of general education. Article 18. Preschool education 1. Parents are the first educators. They must lay the foundations for the physical, moral and intellectual development of the child's identity at an early childhood. 2. The State guarantees financial and material support for early childhood education and provides access to educational services for all segments of the population. 3. A network of preschool educational establishments is available to provide early childhood education, protect and strengthen their physical and mental health, develop individual abilities and make necessary corrections to the development of these children. agencies. 4. The relationship between a pre-school educational institution and parents (legal representatives) is governed by a treaty between them, which cannot limit the legal rights of the parties. 5. Local governments organize and coordinate methodical, diagnostic and counselling assistance to families raising preschool children at home. Article 19. Primary general, basic general, general education 1. General education consists of three levels, corresponding to levels of educational programmes: primary, general, secondary (full) general education. 2. The age at which citizens are admitted and the length of their education at each level of education shall be determined by the statute of the educational institution. 3. Basic general education and the State (final) certification are mandatory. 4. The requirement of compulsory basic general education for a given learning period shall remain valid until the age of fifteen years is reached, unless the relevant education has been received previously. (Uspent force in the new wording of clause 5 of Article 19-Federal Law of July 21, 2007) N194-FH) 6. By consent of the parents (legal representatives) and the local education authority, a student who has reached the age of 15 years may leave the general education institution until he or she has a basic general education. 7. According to the decision of the authority of the educational institution for the commission of illegal actions, gross and repeated violations of the charter of the educational institution, it is permitted to exclude students who have reached the educational establishment. 14 years old. The decision to exclude orphans and children left without parental care (legal representatives) is made with the consent of the tutorship and guardianship authorities. On the exclusion of the educational institution, the latter is obliged to inform the local authorities within three days. Local governments, together with parents (legal representatives), take measures to ensure that they are employed or continue their studies in another educational institution within one month. 8. General educational institutions on treaties and with enterprises, institutions and organizations can carry out the training of students as additional (including fee-paying) educational services, if appropriate Licenses (permits) for the activity indicated. Initial training shall be provided only with the consent of the students and their parents (legal representatives). Article 20. Implementing professional educational programs 1. Vocational education programs, including for students with disabilities and disabilities, are carried out in vocational training institutions, including special (corrective) education. students with developmental disorders. Educational establishments of vocational education with State accreditation carry out these educational programmes at the appropriate level for the training of skilled workers (workers and employees) and specialists of the relevant level according to the lists of professions and specialties established by the Government of the Russian Federation and the levels of education established by this Law. 2. The State educational standard of secondary (full) general education is realized within the limits of the educational programmes of elementary vocational or secondary vocational education, taking into account the profile of the vocational training received. Education. 3. The existence of any other vocational education may not serve as grounds for refusal to admit citizens to an educational establishment of vocational education. Article 21. Training 1. The purpose of training is to accelerate the acquisition of learning skills necessary for the performance of a certain job, a group of work. Vocational training is not accompanied by an increase in the educational level of the trainees. 2. The State shall, where appropriate, create conditions for persons without basic general education to receive vocational training. 3. Vocational training can be obtained in the educational institutions of elementary vocational training and other educational establishments: inter-school training plants, workshops, training areas (workshops), and Also in the educational units of licensed organizations and in the individual training of professionals who have been certified and licensed. Article 22. Primary vocational education 1. Primary vocational education is aimed at training skilled workers (workers, employees) in all major areas of socially useful activity on the basis of basic general education. Primary vocational education may be based on average (full) general education in certain occupations. 2. Primary vocational education may be obtained in the educational establishments of elementary vocational education (vocational and other schools at this level). Article 23. Secondary vocational education 1. Secondary vocational education is aimed at training middle-level specialists, meeting the needs of the individual in deepening and expanding education based on the basic general, secondary (full) general or elementary vocational training Education. 2. Citizens with an average (full) general or primary vocational education of the relevant profile are provided with intermediate vocational education in reduced accelerated programmes. 3. Secondary vocational education can be obtained in secondary vocational education institutions (secondary specialized educational institutions) or at the first level of higher vocational education institutions. 4. An educational institution of secondary vocational education may carry out educational programmes of primary vocational education if a licence is available. Article 24. Higher professional education 1. Higher professional education is intended to train and retrain specialists at an appropriate level, to meet the needs of the individual in the deepening and expansion of education based on average (full) general, intermediate vocational training Education. 2. Higher vocational education may be obtained in higher vocational education institutions (higher education institutions). 3. Persons who have an initial vocational training of the relevant profile may receive higher professional education in reduced accelerated programmes. 4. Persons with an intermediate vocational education may receive higher professional education in reduced accelerated programmes. Article 25. Postgraduate vocational training 1. Postgraduate vocational education provides citizens with the opportunity to raise the level of education, scientific and pedagogical qualifications on the basis of higher vocational education. 2. Postgraduate vocational education can be obtained in post-graduate studies, residency and post-graduate studies in higher vocational education institutions and academic institutions. Article 26. Additional education 1. Additional educational programs and additional educational services are being implemented to fully satisfy the educational needs of citizens, society and the state. Within each level of professional education, the main task of supplementary education is the continuous improvement of the qualifications of the worker, the employee, and the constant improvement of the educational system. standards. 2. Additional educational programs include educational programs of different directions, implemented: in general educational establishments and educational institutions of vocational education outside the defining areas Their status as major educational programmes; in educational institutions of additional education (in vocational training institutes, courses, vocational guidance centres, music and art schools, schools) the arts, the homes of children's art, the stations of young technicians, The young naturalists and other licensed) stations; , through individual pedagogical activities. Article 27. Education documents 1. An educational institution, in accordance with the licence, shall issue to persons who have completed the final attestation, documents relating to the relevant entity and (or) qualifications in accordance with the licence. The form of the documents is determined by the educational institution itself. These documents are certified by the educational institution. 2. Educational institutions with public accreditation and implementing general education (except for pre-school) and vocational education programmes give to persons who have completed the final attestation and documents of the State Level of education and (or) qualifications. 3. Citizens who have completed postgraduate professional education (dissertation, thesis on scientific work) are assigned a degree and a document is issued. 4. A document of the State model on the appropriate level of education is a prerequisite for the continuation of education in the State or municipal educational institution at the subsequent level of education, unless otherwise provided The statutes of the respective educational institution. The qualifications of the docs in the documents on initial professional, vocational, higher professional qualifications and post-graduate vocational training documents give the right of their owners to study Professional activities, including those for which the mandatory qualification requirements for an appropriate educational qualification have been established in accordance with the established procedure. 5. The Russian Federation sets the following educational levels (educational qualifications): 1) basic general education; (2) secondary (complete) general education; 3) elementary vocational education; 4) Secondary vocational education; 5) higher professional education; 6) postgraduate vocational education. 6. Persons who have not completed this level of education shall be provided with a certificate of the prescribed specimen. Chapter III: EDUCATION OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM Article 28. The Russian Federation's competence in the field of education In the field of education, the Russian Federation, through its federal and educational authorities, is subject to: 1) Formation and implementation of federal education policy; 2) legal regulation of relations in the field of education within its competence; 3) development and implementation of federal and international programs of education, taking into account the socio-economic, demographic and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Department of Education Administration and Management, appointment of the heads of these bodies; 5) harmonic appointments of heads of educational institutions of the federal subordination, unless otherwise stipulated by law and Model provisions on educational institutions of the types and types concerned; (6) Establishment of procedures for the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions; 7) to establish lists of occupations and specializations for which vocational training and vocational training are conducted; 8) the creation, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions of federal subordination, attestation and state accreditation of educational institutions, establishment of independent administration of the state system of diagnostic and diagnostic centres (State ); 9) organization and coordination of the logistics of the Federal Programme for the Development of Education and other targeted federal programs in the field of education; 10) Model provisions on educational institutions; 11) establishment of licensing, certification and State accreditation of educational institutions; 12) establishment of procedures for certification of teaching staff State and municipal educational institutions and employees of the educational administration; 13) regulation of labour relations, establishment of labour standards and federal standards for its payment in educational institutions; 14) establishment of federal components OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION determining the proportion of federal income allocated to finance Education. Formation of federal budget for education spending, federal funds for education development; 16) establishment: tax incentives to stimulate education; federal regulations Funding for the education of students, pupils; the procedure for financing educational institutions; the minimum wage and salary levels in the Russian Federation workers in educational institutions vocational and professional groups and employees of the State administration of education; benefits to various categories of students, pupils of educational establishments and teachers of the state and of the municipal educational institutions, as well as the types and norms of material support for the above-mentioned pupils, pupils and teachers; the procedure for granting and repaying citizens ' personal state educational credit; educational review of teaching staff Employees; federal requirements for educational institutions in terms of building regulations and rules, sanitary norms, health care for trainees, inmates, protection of the population and territories from natural and natural disasters of a technological nature, minimum training and equipment of educational facilities; 17) direct funding of educational institutions of federal subordination, unless otherwise provided for by model provisions educational establishments of types and types; 18) Information and scientific-methodical provision of the educational system, development within its competence of exemplary curricula and programmes of courses, disciplines, organization of publication of teaching literature and production of teaching aids. Establishment of a unified information system for the Russian Federation in the field of education; 20) to monitor the implementation of the Russian Federation's legislation in the field of education and federal components of State educational standards; 21) to establish and assign public awards and honorary titles workers in education; 22) documents within their competence; 23) licensing of educational institutions in higher professional and postgraduate vocational training programmes and licensing of the right to conduct educational activities of the said programmes. Article 29. Competence of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education In the field of education, the subjects of the Russian Federation are: Article 29, paragraph 1, Federal Act No. N 258-FZ ) (2) legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education; (3) determining the characteristics of the establishment, reorganization, liquidation and funding of educational institutions; 4) implementation of the federal education policy, financial reinforcement of State guarantees of access to and compulsory basic general education by subventions to local budgets; 5) development and Implementation of republican, regional educational development programmes, including international, taking into account the national and regional socio-economic, environmental, cultural, demographic and other characteristics; (6) Formation and leadership of government education administration, The appointment of the heads of these bodies (in consultation with the federal education authorities); 7) the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions, licensing of educational institutions with the exception of the licensing of the right to conduct Educational activities in higher professional and postgraduate professional education programmes; (Uspent force in the new wording of article 29, subparagraph 8-Federal Law dated 01.12.2007. N 309-FZ) 9) Formation of the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in terms of expenditure on education and relevant educational development funds; 10) the establishment of local taxes and fees for education; 11) establishment of republican, regional funding standards for education; 12) organization of funding for local education authorities and educational institutions, providing them with mediation services Logistics; 13) The establishment of additional federal requirements for educational institutions in terms of building codes and regulations, sanitary norms, health care for students, pupils, equipment of educational process and equipment of educational facilities; (c) The establishment of additional federal benefits to students, pupils and teachers of educational establishments, as well as the types and standards of material support provided to the trainees, pupils and teachers; 15) information support within its The competence of educational institutions, the organization of the publication of educational literature, the development of exemplary curricula and programmes of courses, disciplines; (16) organization of training, retraining and advanced training of teaching staff; (Uspent force in the new wording of subparagraph 17 of Article 29-Federal Law of 29.12.2006 N 258-FZ) 18) issuing regulations within the limits of its competence. (Uspent force in the new version of Article 30-Federal Law of 29.12.2006 N 258-FZ) Article 31. The competence of local governments in the field of education 1. Local governments are responsible for: Realization of the right of citizens to receive the compulsory basic general education established by this Law; annual publication of the average statistics on According to the federal and local requirements of the educational process in educational institutions located in their respective territories. 2. To the exclusive competence in the field of education of local governments are: 1) planning, organizing, regulating and monitoring the activities of local (municipal) educational management bodies, educational institutions, etc. institutions for the implementation of public education policy; (2) local budgets for education and related education development funds, development and adoption of local regulations financing of the education system; 3) citizens living in the respective territories, the possibility of choosing a general education institution; (4) regulation within its jurisdiction over ownership of the education system; 5) creation, reorganization and the liquidation of municipal educational institutions; 6) the establishment and elimination of local (municipal) educational and (or) self-governing school districts, determination of their structure and powers, appointment and dismissal in coordination with public authorities The formation of the heads of local education authorities; 7) the appointment of heads of municipal educational institutions, unless otherwise provided for by model provisions on educational institutions of the relevant types; and or the decision of the local self-government; 8) the construction of buildings and structures of the municipal educational institutions, the arrangement of the adjacent territories; 9) control of the conditions for the rental of buildings, premises and other buildings The ownership of educational institutions; 10) The use of State and municipal educational institutions, cultural facilities and sports for education; 11) the establishment of additional taxes and incentives to stimulate the development of education. 3. The division of competence in the field of education between municipalities, one of which is part of the territory of the other, is regulated in accordance with the procedure established by the law of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. 4. The division of competences in the field of education between local self-government bodies is regulated in accordance with the procedure established by the Statute (regulation) of the local self-government bodies. 5. Local (municipal) educational authorities may not independently take up matters within the competence of the public administration of education. Article 31, paragraph 1 (6) of the Federal Act, No. N 258-FZ) Article 32. The competence and responsibility of the educational institution 1. Educational institution, independently in the implementation of the educational process, selection and placement of personnel, scientific, financial, economic and other activities within the limits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, model provision on the educational establishment of the relevant type and type and charter of the educational institution. 2. The competence of the educational institution includes: 1) material and technical support and equipment of the educational process, equipment of premises in accordance with state and local regulations and requirements implemented in the limits of their own funds; (2) Attracting additional sources of financial and material resources, including use, to carry out the activities envisaged in the charter of the educational institution bank credit; 3) annual report on income and expenditure of financial and material resources; 4) selection, recruitment and placement, responsibility for the level of qualifications; 5) organization and improvement of the educational process; 6) developing and approving educational curricula and curricula; 7) developing and approving training courses and disciplines; 8) development and approval in agreement with the local self-government bodies Calendar training schedules; 9) establishment of an educational management structure, staffing table, job allocation; 10) fixing wages and salaries The salaries of employees of the educational institution within the limits of their own financial means and subject to the limitations imposed by federal and local regulations; 11) the establishment of allowances and supplements to employees ' salaries The educational establishment, the order and the size of their awards; 12) development and adoption of the constitution of an educational institution; 13) development and adoption of rules of internal regulations of educational institution, other local acts; 14) independent formation A contingent of trainees, pupils within the specified licence, unless otherwise provided by the model provision for the educational establishment of the type and type and the present Law; 15) self-implementation. of the educational process in accordance with the charter of the Institutions, licences and certificates of State accreditation; 16) carry out ongoing monitoring of educational achievement and performance of educational institutions in accordance with their statutes and requirements of this Law; 17) to control the timely provision of additional categories of trainees, pupils of additional benefits and types of material security provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation, of the Russian Federation of local self-government; 18) providing residential care for inmates with no lower standard; 19) creating the necessary conditions for work in an educational institution Social and medical units, monitoring of their work in order to protect and improve the health of trainees, students and employees of the educational institution; 20) to facilitate the work of teachers (Teachers) organizations (associations) and methodological associations; 21) coordination in the educational establishment of public (including children's and youth) organizations (associations) not prohibited by law; 22) other activities not prohibited by law OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The educational institution is responsible in accordance with the established legislation of the Russian Federation for: (1) failure to perform the functions assigned to it; 2) the implementation of not fully educational Programmes in accordance with the curriculum and syllabus of the educational process; the quality of education of their graduates; 3) the life and health of pupils, pupils and employees of the educational institution during the educational process; 4) violation of the rights and freedoms of students, students and workers of the Russian Federation. Article 33. The procedure for creating and regulating the activity of the educational institution 1. The educational institution shall be established by the founder on its own initiative and shall be registered by the authorized body in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The registration of an educational institution may not be refused on grounds of inexpediency. Refusal of registration and refusal to register may be appealed by the founder to the court. The statement of the founder is to be considered by the court within one month. 3. In order to register an educational institution, the founder submits an application for registration, the decision of the founder on the establishment of an educational institution or the relevant agreement of the founders, the charter of the educational institution, the document on the payment State registration fee. 4. The authorized body shall make the registration of an educational institution within one month, which shall be notified in writing to the applicant, the financial authorities corresponding to the public administration of education. 5. The rights of a legal person in the educational institution in terms of the financial and economic activities provided for in its charter and aimed at the preparation of the educational process arise from the moment of registration of the educational institution. 6. The right to conduct educational activities and benefits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation arises at the educational institution from the time when the licence (s) is granted to it. 7. A licence for the right to conduct educational activities is issued by the State organ for the management of education or the local self-government body vested with the relevant powers by the law of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, on the basis of The conclusions of the expert commission. Licences to conduct educational activities of the educational institutions of religious organizations (associations) are issued on the basis of the presentation of the leadership of the respective denomination. 8. The expert commission is created by the state body for the management of education or the local self-government body vested with the relevant powers by the law of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, according to the founder and conducts its work in a period of one month. The expert commission is composed of representatives of the state body for the management of education, the relevant local government and/or the local (municipal) educational administration body Educational institutions, the public. 9. The object and content of the examination is to establish compliance with the terms of the educational process offered by the educational institution, state and local requirements in terms of construction norms and regulations, sanitary and hygienic conditions. Health regulations, health care for pupils, pupils and employees of educational establishments, equipment of educational premises, equipment of the educational process, educational qualifications of teaching staff and staffing of the states. The content, organization and methods of the educational process are not subject to examination. 10. The requirements of the expert examination may not exceed the average statistics for the territory in which the educational institution is registered. 11. The cost of carrying out the examination shall be borne by the founder. 12. The licence issued to an educational institution records the benchmarks, a ceiling on the number of students, and the duration of the licence. 13. A negative opinion on the results of the examination and the refusal to grant the licence to an educational institution may be appealed by the founder to the court. The founder is subject to judicial review within one month. 14. The monitoring of compliance by an educational institution, irrespective of its organizational and legal form, is provided by the State educational authority or the local authority which issued the licence. If these conditions are violated, the licence must be seized. 15. The renewal of the licence is carried out in the same order as it is obtained. 16. The right of the educational institution to issue to its graduates a document of the state model on the appropriate level of education, to use the press with the image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, as well as the law of general education Institutions to be included in the central government funding scheme arise from the moment of their state accreditation, which is confirmed by a certificate of State accreditation. 17. The certificate of state accreditation of the educational institution confirms its state status, the level of educational programs implemented, the conformity of the content and the quality of graduates ' training to the requirements of the state Educational standards, the right to issue alumni of State model documents on the appropriate level of education. The certificate of state accreditation issued to preschool educational institutions and supplementary education institutions of children confirms the state status of the relevant educational institution, level The educational programmes it implements and the category of this educational institution. 18. State accreditation of educational institutions is carried out by the federal and departmental state bodies for the management of education, or on the basis of their power of attorney by other public authorities in the administration of education, on the basis of a declaration (a) Education and training institutions. (Uspent force in the new version of paragraphs 19 to 22 of Article 33-Federal Law of 20 April 2007 N 56-FZ) 23. An educational institution may be deprived of State accreditation based on the results of certification. 24. Branches of educational institutions are registered at the actual address, licensing, certification and state accreditation in accordance with the general procedure established for educational institutions by this Law. 25. Educational institutions can receive public accreditation in various Russian, foreign and international public educational, scientific and industrial structures. Such accreditation shall not entail additional financial obligations on the part of the State. Article 34. Reorganizing and eliminating an educational institution 1. An educational institution may be reorganized into another educational institution by decision of the founder, if it does not entail a breach of the obligation of an educational institution or if the founder accepts these obligations. 2. In reorganization (changes in the organizational and legal form, status) of the educational establishment, its statute, licence and the certificate of State accreditation shall cease to be valid. 3. The transfer of State educational institutions to the local self-government bodies is permitted only with the consent of the latter. 4. The liquidation of an educational institution may be carried out by: , by decision of its founders or by the body of a legal entity authorized by the constituent instrument; by a court decision in the case of an activity without a proper licence, or activities prohibited by law or activities not in conformity with its statutory objectives. 5. The elimination of a rural preschool educational or educational institution is permitted only with the consent of the gathering of the inhabitants of the communities served by the institution. Article 35. Management of State and municipal educational institutions 1. The administration of State and municipal educational institutions is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the statute of the relevant educational institution. 2. The management of State and municipal educational institutions is based on the principles of unity of command and self-government. The forms of self-government of the educational institution are the board of the educational institution, the board of trustee, the general assembly, the pedagogical council and other forms. The procedure for the election of self-government bodies of the educational institution and their competence shall be determined by the statute of the educational institution. 3. The direct management of a State or municipal educational institution carries out the relevant certification of the head, director, rector or other head (administrator) of the relevant educational institution. The Government of the Russian Federation establishes the status of the head of the State educational institution of the federal subordination. 4. The head of the state or municipal educational institution, in accordance with the charter of the relevant educational institution, may be: 1) was elected as a collectives of an educational institution; 2) was elected by the staff of the educational institution with the preliminary agreement of the candidate (s) with the founder; 3) was elected as a collectives of the educational institution and subsequently approved by the founder; 4) was nominated by the founder With the provision of a right to the board of the educational institution (a veto; 5) has been designated a founder; 6). The appointment of rectors is not permitted in higher vocational education institutions. 5. The separation of powers between the Council of Education and the head of the educational institution is determined by the statute of the educational institution. 6. The heads of State and municipal educational institutions are not permitted to combine their positions with other management positions (other than scientific and scientific-methodical guidelines) within or outside educational institutions. 7. The duties of heads of State and municipal educational institutions and their branches (branches) cannot be held concurrently. Article 36. Managing a non-State educational institution 1. The management of the non-State educational institution is carried out directly by the founder or on his behalf by the Board of Trustees, which is established by the founder. 2. The powers of the board of trustee and the scheme of internal management of the non-State educational institution, as well as the procedure for the appointment or election of the head of the said educational institution and the authority of the head, shall be determined. The founder (Board of Trustees) of this educational institution, in agreement with the teaching staff, is recorded in the charter of the non-state educational institution. Article 37. The education authorities in Russian Federation 1. In the Russian Federation, the following public education authorities are established and are in operation: federal (central) state educational management bodies; federal departments of government OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. The State organs of education shall be established by the decision of the relevant body of the executive branch in agreement with the relevant legislative (representative) body of the State. 3. Local (municipal) education authorities may be established by decision of the relevant local authorities. 4. The activities of the educational authorities are aimed at providing the Federal Programme for the Development of Education, State educational standards and the functioning of the educational system at the state level. 5. The competences of public education authorities are mandatory: 1) development and implementation of targeted federal and international educational programs; (2) development of public institutions Educational standards and equivalency (s) of education documents; 3) State accreditation of educational institutions, promotion of their social accreditation; 4) establishment of order Attestation by educators of educational institutions of different types and types and requirements for the educational qualifications of the teaching staff; 5) the structure of the educational system; the development of lists of occupations and professions for which vocational training is carried out; and Vocational training; 6) direct funding of the activities of educational institutions established by them; 7) establishment of state funds for stabilization and development of the educational system; 8) development State funding standards for education (c) Forecasting the development of the network of educational institutions and the preparation of proposals for the allocation of special subventions from the federal budget of the Russian Federation in the field of education, State educational standards, budgetary and financial discipline in the educational system. 6. Educational institutions are under the control of their educational institutions. In the event of a violation by an educational institution of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education and (or) its statutes, the public authorities shall have the right to suspend activities in this part of the activity. of the Convention on the Rights of the Article 38. State quality control of the quality education in accredited educational institutions 1. The State certified service may send an educational institution, which has State accreditation, education and/or non-conformity of education to the requirements of the relevant State educational system. Standard. 2. The grounds for consideration by the supreme body of the State certificate service of the question of the direction of the mentioned claim are: 1) for educational institutions implementing general education programmes: decision of the general meeting of parents (legal representatives) of the educational institution; official representation of the separation of the State Certification Service at the place where the educational institution is located; (2) in relation to educational institutions; Implementing professional educational programmes: decision of the general meeting of educational institutions; official representation of the public employment service. 3. The decision to send the advertisement or to dismiss the claims of the complainants is taken by the highest authority of the State Performance Review Service and shall be communicated to the applicants within one month. The refusal of the State certification service from the direction of the advertisement may be appealed by the complainants to the courts. The case is to be considered by the court at the place of registration of the educational institution within two months. The decision of the court of this instance is final. 4. For two years, the advertisement will automatically deprive the educational institution of its state accreditation. The resumption of State accreditation is carried out in the same manner as is obtained. Chapter IV: THE IMPAGE OF THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION Article 39. The relationship of ownership in the education system 1. The founder of the educational institution, in order to ensure educational activities in accordance with its statutes, establishes property rights (land, buildings, structures, property, equipment and other necessary equipment). of a consumer, social, cultural or other appointment) owned or leased by a third person (owner). Land plots are reserved for State and municipal educational institutions for free use. 2. The property owned by the founder of the educational institution is located in the operational department of the institution. 3. The educational institution is responsible to the owner for the preservation and effective use of the property held by that institution. The activity of the educational institution in this part shall be monitored by the founder or other legal entity authorized by the owner. 4. State and/or municipal property, which is assigned to an educational institution, may be disposed of by the owner in the manner and under the conditions established by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The Federation and the legal acts of the local self-government bodies, adopted within the limits of their powers. 5. A non-State educational institution shall have priority over the acquisition of previously assigned or leased State and/or municipal property. 6. Exemption and (or) alienation of property assigned to an educational institution shall be permitted only after the expiry of the period of the contract between the owner (the holder of the legal entity) and the educational institution or between the owner (a legal person authorized by him) and the founder, unless otherwise provided by the treaty. 7. The educational institution owns the ownership of money, property and other objects of property handed over to him by physical and/or legal persons in the form of donation, donation or testament, for products of intellectual and/or intellectual property. creative work resulting from its activities, as well as on the income from the educational institution's own activities and the objects of ownership acquired on those incomes. 8. A non-State educational organization may be declared bankrupt on the general grounds established by law. 9. The educational institution is responsible for its obligations by the money and property held by it. If the educational institution does not have the said funds, the responsibility is incurred by the founder in accordance with the procedure established by law. 10. In the liquidation of the educational establishment, cash and other property owned by the educational institution, after deduction of payment of their obligations, is directed towards the development of education in accordance with the statute educational institution. 11. An educational institution has the right to act as a lessee and a lessor of property. The lease of property owned by the State or municipal educational institution, as well as land parcels, is carried out without the right of the purchase, with the consent of the council of the educational institution at prices that cannot be be lower than the prices prevailing in the region. The funds received by the educational institution as rent are used to ensure and develop the educational process in this educational institution. 12. A State or municipal educational institution in the event that the founder of the educational institution and the owner of the property is the public authority or local authorities of the same person and the municipality The administrative-territorial unit is free of charge for the use of fixed assets, and the founder is responsible for the maintenance and overhaul of the relevant educational institution (owner) unless otherwise stipulated by the contract between the founder and educational institution. 13. State and municipal educational institutions, which are assigned to them under the right of operational control or are at their disposal, facilities of the production and social infrastructure, including residential premises, located in educational, industrial, social, cultural and rural buildings, dormitories and clinical facilities of medical education institutions located in the operational management of educational institutions or Other conduct, privatization (divestiture) are not subject to privatization. Article 40. State guarantees of priority education 1. State and (or) municipal financing of education is the basis of State guarantees for citizens of the Russian Federation to receive education within the State educational standards. 2. The State guarantees the annual allocation of financial resources to education in the amount of at least 10 per cent of the national income, as well as the protection of the relevant expenditures of the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets. The size and funding standards of educational institutions are subject to quarterly indexation according to the rate of inflation. The share of spending on higher professional education cannot be less than three per cent of the federal budget expenditure. At the same time, the federal budget funds the education of at least 170 students per 10,000 people living in the Russian Federation in State educational institutions of higher professional education. 3. Educational institutions, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms, are exempted from payment of all types of taxes, including fees for land, in part of the non-business activities provided for in the charter of these educational institutions. 4. In order to attract investments into the educational system, the state provides a special system of tax benefits to enterprises, institutions and organizations, regardless of their organizational and legal forms, as well as to individuals, including foreign individuals. Citizens who supply their funds, including in kind, in the development of the Russian Federation's educational system. The nature, size and manner of granting these benefits are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Employers are responsible for the professional development of the employees with whom they are employed. Minimum financial cost standards for enterprises, institutions and organizations, regardless of their organizational and legal forms and forms of ownership, as well as the procedure for the use of funds, are established by the Government of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 5. The State provides tax benefits to owners who lease their property to educational institutions. 6. The products of the organizations implemented by educational institutions are equated with consumer goods in the calculation of taxes. 7. The State shall pay to parents (legal representatives) State allowances for the care of a child up to a certain legal age of the Russian Federation, allowances for children in low-income families, mothers with many children and single mothers (fathers); Persons disabled since childhood, allowances for children of emergency services, allowances for minor children during the search for their parents, as well as other social benefits provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation. The amounts of these benefits are not included in the income tax of citizens. 8. The parents (legal representatives) who are responsible for the upbringing and education of a minor child in the family are paid additional funds in the amount of the educational expenses of each child at the appropriate stage of education in the State or municipal educational institution, defined by state (including departmental) and local funding standards. The payments are made at the expense of the founders of the State or municipal educational institutions of the types and types concerned, until the child receives the secondary (full) general or elementary vocational education, or until he reaches the age of his or her achievement. The age defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation as a ceiling for the payment of social benefits for children. The amounts are not included in the income tax payable to citizens. 9. The State creates the necessary conditions for the development of the network of institutions for supplementary education of children and provides material support to these institutions, including financial institutions. Article 41. Funding for educational institutions 1. The activities of the educational institution shall be financed by its founder in accordance with the agreement between them. Under the contract between the founder and the educational institution, the latter can operate on a self-financing basis. 2. Funding for educational institutions is provided on the basis of State (inter-institutional) and local funding standards, defined per pupil, pupil for each type, type and category educational institution. For small-complete rural and considered public authorities and educational institutions, the regulation of their funding should take into account the costs that are independent of the quantity Trainers. 3. Federal funding standards for educational institutions are established annually by federal law, which is adopted at the same time as the federal law on the federal budget for the next year, and is the minimum acceptable. 4. Regional and local funding standards should take into account the specific nature of the educational institution and be sufficient to cover the Territory's average current costs of educational process and buildings management, Facilities and equipment of an educational institution. 5. The scheme of financing of State and municipal educational institutions is defined by the model provisions on educational establishments of the types and types concerned. 6. The funding standards for non-State educational institutions cannot be lower than the funding standards of similar State and municipal educational institutions in the territory. 7. Non-State general education institutions are entitled to State and/or municipal financing from the moment of their state accreditation in the event of their implementation of basic general education programmes. 8. An educational institution, regardless of its organizational and legal form, is entitled to attract additional financial, including currency, funds, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Additional educational and other educational institutions provided for in the charter of the educational institution, as well as through voluntary donations and earmarked contributions of legal persons, including foreign nationals and (or) foreign nationals, Legal entities. 9. The acquisition by the educational institution of the additional funds referred to in paragraph 8 of this article shall not entail any reduction in the standards and/or absolute amounts of its funding from the founder's funds. 10. State and municipal educational establishments of secondary vocational and higher vocational education are entitled to carry out, in addition to the funds of the founder's (control figures), the number of students who receive training Retraining of skilled workers (workers and employees) and specialists at the appropriate level of education under contracts with physical and/or legal persons with payment of tuition fees. Receiving students in state and municipal educational institutions of secondary professional and higher vocational education for training of specialists in law, economics, management, public administration and the municipal administration of contracts with natural persons, as well as non-State enterprises, institutions and organizations, cannot make up more than 25 per cent of the enrolment in each area of training (speciality). This provision does not limit the right of the higher vocational education institution to pay tuition fees for foreign nationals on the basis of the relevant treaties. Article 42. The economics of the middle professional and higher vocational education 1. Access to free secondary vocational and higher vocational education on a competitive basis in State secondary vocational and higher vocational education institutions within the federal budget The State educational standard component is implemented at the expense of the federal budget and the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the tasks (control figures) for the admission of students to free education. 2. The amount and structure of the enrolment of trainees at the expense of the federal budget shall be determined in accordance with the procedure set by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Uspent force in the new wording of article 42, paragraph 3-Federal Law of 01.12.2007). N 309 F) 4. Within the limits of available budgetary and extra-budgetary funds, educational institutions independently develop and implement measures for the social support of students, including the establishment of social conditions and academic achievements Specific students are entitled to social benefits (scholarships), other allowances and benefits, including meals, travel to the place of permanent residence and expenses for the purchase of educational supplies, recreational activities, and also Order and amount of payment for accommodation in dormitories for granted Community, domestic and other services not directly related to the educational process. From the federal budget funds are allocated for the maintenance of dormitories and other social and cultural facilities of the secondary vocational and higher vocational education system, as well as the implementation of social protection measures For each student of an educational institution of secondary vocational or higher vocational education studying at the expense of the federal budget, budgetary allocations are made for the implementation of these measures on a monthly basis. Provision in the amount of 1.5 and 2 minimum sizes, respectively Payment of labour. 5. State educational institutions independently determine the directions and uses of their budgetary and extra-budgetary funds, including their share for wages and material incentives agencies. 6. To organize social support for students studying in secondary vocational and higher vocational education institutions, a special credit system is created in the form of personal social education credit. The Government of the Russian Federation formulates and approves the provision on personal social education credit. Article 43. The rights of an educational institution to use financial and material means 1. The educational institution carries out financial and economic activities on its own. It has an independent balance and a settlement account, including currency, bank and other credit organizations. 2. The financial and material resources of the educational institution assigned to it by the founder or the property of the educational institution shall be used at their discretion in accordance with the statutes of the educational institution; and Exempted may not be exempted unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 3. No funds used in the current year (quarter, month) could be withdrawn from an educational institution or charged by the founder to the funding of the educational institution for the next year (quarter, month). 4. An educational institution is entitled to participate in the statutes of the associations (joint-stock companies) and other organizations only with its own property. 5. An educational institution may, with the consent of the owner, use the financial means and other property of the owner in his or her income-related activities. In this case, the owner shall be entitled to a part of the income from the use of the property held therein in the amount determined by the contract between the owner and the educational institution. Article 44. The Logistics Base of the educational institution 1. It is the responsibility of the educational institution to ensure that the premises, structures, property, equipment and other property of the consumer, social, cultural or other purpose are attached to it and (or) owned by it level is not below the standard defined by the regulation in force in the territory. 2. The development of the material and technical base of the State or municipal educational institution is carried out by the educational institution itself, within the limits of its (budget) and its own funds. 3. State and local (municipal) education authorities are obliged to provide mediation services to subordinate educational institutions (if the latter need them) in dealing with content and development issues Logistics Base. Article 45. Pay additional educational services state and municipal educational institutions 1. State and municipal educational institutions are entitled to provide additional educational services to the population, enterprises, institutions and organizations (supplementary educational programmes, special education programmes). courses and cycles of discipline, tutoring, study of subjects and other services) not provided for in the relevant educational programmes and State educational standards. 2. The income from the specified activity of the State or municipal educational institution, less the share of the founder (owner), is reinvested in this educational institution, including the increase in the cost of wages, discretion. This activity is not business-related. 3. Education services cannot be provided in lieu of educational activities financed from the budget. Otherwise, the funds earned through such activities shall be withdrawn by the founder in the budget. An educational institution has the right to appeal against the said act of the founder to the court. Article 46. The educational activities of the non-State educational institution 1. A non-State educational institution has the right to charge tuition fees for pupils and students for educational services, including for education within the State educational standards. 2. The educational activities of such an educational institution are not considered to be entrepreneurial, if the income derived from it is fully reimbursed for the cost of the educational process (including for the work of the educational process) ), its development and improvement in this educational institution. 3. The relationship between a non-State educational institution and a pupil, his or her parents (legal representatives) is regulated by a contract defining the level of education, the duration of the training, the amount of tuition fees and other conditions. Article 47. Business activity of the educational institution 1. An educational institution has the right to carry out the business activities provided for in its charter. 2. The business of the educational institution includes: Realization and rental of basic funds and property of an educational institution; trade in purchase goods, equipment; Mediation services; Contribution to other institutions (including education) and organizations; acquisition of stocks, bonds, other securities and income (dividends, interest) on them; Generating income from other unrealized transactions, not directly related to their own production of the products, works, services and their implementation. 3. The activities of the educational institution in the implementation of the statutory provisions of this educational institution for the production of products, works and services relate to the business only in the part where the income derived from this activity is not is reinvested directly in this educational institution and (or) to the immediate needs of the provision, development and improvement of the educational process (including wages) in this educational institution. 4. In its entrepreneurial activity, the educational institution is considered to be an enterprise and is subject to the business law of the Russian Federation. 5. The founder or bodies of local self-government may suspend the entrepreneurial activity of an educational institution if it goes to the detriment of the educational activities provided for in the statute, until the court's decision on the matter. Article 48. Individual labor pedagogic activity 1. Individual labour pedagogical activities, accompanied by the receipt of income, are considered entrepreneurial and are subject to registration in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. Individual labour pedagogical activities are not licensed. When registered, the applicant shall submit only a declaration and a document on the payment of the registration fee to the appropriate local authority. 3. Unregistered individual labour teaching activities are not permitted. Individuals engaged in such activities in violation of the Russian Federation's legislation are liable under the legislation of the Russian Federation. Any income derived from such activities shall be collected in accordance with the applicable local budget in accordance with the established procedure. Article 49. Reparation for damage caused by poor education 1. The State, represented by authorized state bodies of education management in case of poor training of graduates by an accredited educational institution, has the right to submit a claim for compensation to the educational institution. The additional cost of retraining these graduates in other educational institutions. 2. The claim is based on the advertising of the State certification service for the quality of the trainees ' training. The case is to be considered by the court in the place of the establishment (registration) of the educational institution within two months. The decision of the court of this instance is final. Chapter V. SOCIAL GUARANTEES FOR THE RIGHTS OF GRADES ON EDUCATION Article 50. The rights and social protection of students, students 1. The rights and duties of pupils and pupils of the educational institution are determined by the statute of the educational institution and other local acts provided for in this Statute. 2. Minors of the Russian Federation have the right to choose the educational institution and the form of education. 3. Citizens who have received an education in non-accredited educational institutions, in the form of family education and self-education, have the right to receive certification in the form of an external entity in accredited educational institutions of the relevant type. 4. Students of all educational institutions have the right to receive education in accordance with State educational standards, to study in accordance with these standards according to individual curricula, to the accelerated course of instruction, free use of library and information resources of libraries, provision of additional education services, participation in the management of an educational institution, respect for their human dignity and freedom conscience, information, freedom of expression and opinion persuasion. Education of citizens according to individual curricula within the State educational standard and forms of participation of students in the management of an educational institution are regulated by the statute of the educational institution. 5. Graduates of educational institutions, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms with State accreditation, have equal rights when entering the next level of education. 6. The student, students of the state or municipal educational establishment, the founder, within the limits of their competence and in accordance with the regulations in force, provides scholarships, residences and boarding schools, preferential or Free meals and transportation, other types of benefits and material assistance. 7. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to receive, for the first time, free primary general, basic general, secondary (full) general, elementary vocational education and on a competitive basis of the average professional, higher education, Professional and postgraduate vocational training in State or municipal educational establishments within the limits of State educational standards. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to receive, in due course, free professional education in the direction of the State employment service, in the event of loss of the opportunity to work in the profession, occupation, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 8. Training institutions in correspondence (evening) and correspondence form, which carry out a study plan, are entitled to an additional paid leave at the place of work, reduced work week and other benefits granted in the course of the study. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 9. In educational establishments, the maintenance and training of orphans and children left without parental care (legal representatives) is carried out on the basis of full State support. 10. For children and adolescents with developmental disorders, education authorities establish special (remedial) educational institutions (classes, groups) to provide treatment, education and training, social adaptation and integration into the educational system. society. The funding of these educational institutions is improved. The Government of the Russian Federation determines the categories of pupils and students who are sent to designated educational institutions, as well as those in full support of the State. Children and adolescents with developmental disorders are sent to designated educational institutions by educational authorities only with the consent of the parents (legal representatives) for the conclusion of the psycho-pedagogical and of the medical and educational commissions. 11. Special education and training programmes are being established for adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behaviour who have reached the age of eleven in need of special education and training and require special pedagogical methods Institutions ensuring their medical and social rehabilitation, education and training. The direction of such juveniles in these educational institutions is only by court decision. 12. For citizens in educational, labour and labour institutions, the administration of these institutions and the public administration of education are provided with the conditions for obtaining basic general and initial vocational training Education, training and self-education. 13. State authorities and educational authorities may establish non-standard educational institutions of higher education for children, adolescents and young people who have shown outstanding abilities. Overfinancing of such educational institutions shall be financed by the founder's funds. The criteria for the selection of such children, adolescents and young people in these educational institutions shall be determined by the founder and shall be made available to the public. 14. The participation of students, pupils of civilian educational establishments without the consent of the students, pupils and their parents (legal representatives) is prohibited. 15. Coercion of pupils, students to join social, political and political organizations (associations), movements and parties, as well as to engage them in the activities of these organizations and to participate in the campaigns and No political action is permitted. 16. Students of civic education institutions have the right to freely attend events not provided for in the curriculum. 17. In the event of the termination of the activity of the general educational institution or the educational institution of elementary vocational education, the entity responsible for the education provided by the educational institution shall ensure the transfer Pupils who study, with the consent of parents (legal representatives) to other educational institutions of the appropriate type. (Overtaken by the new wording of article 50, paragraph 18-Federal Law of 20 April 2007). N 56-FZ) 19. Students are entitled to transfer to another educational institution which implements an educational programme at the appropriate level, with the consent of the educational institution and the successful completion of certification. 20. Students of non-State educational institutions with State accreditation have the right to receive benefits established by the legislation of the Russian Federation for State and municipal educational establishments. agencies. 21. The right to defer to military service for the duration of schooling at the level (step) of the vocational education at the level of vocational education at the level of the educational institution of the next level (steps). 22. The State shall ensure the establishment of a mechanism for the social protection of children and adolescents, the quota of jobs in enterprises for the employment of graduates, orphans, children with developmental and behavioural disorders; and the development and implementation of targeted programmes. Programmes to protect the rights, life and health of children and protect children from all forms of discrimination. Article 51. Protecting the health of students, students 1. The educational institution shall create conditions guaranteeing the protection and promotion of the health of pupils and pupils. The training burden, the treatment of pupils and pupils is determined by the statute of the educational institution on the basis of recommendations agreed with the health authorities. 2. Children in need of long-term care are provided with health educational facilities, including sanatorium type. Training sessions for such children may be conducted by educational institutions at home or in institutions. 3. Teachers of educational establishments are required to undergo periodic free medical examinations at the expense of the founder's funds. 4. Medical care for pupils in educational institutions is provided by the health authorities. It is the responsibility of the educational institution to provide facilities with appropriate conditions for the work of medical personnel. 5. The schedule of classes in the educational establishment should include a break of sufficient duration for the meals of pupils and pupils. The Organization of Nutrition in an educational institution is entrusted by the local authorities to the educational institutions of catering. The educational institution must be provided with a facility for the meals of pupils and pupils. 6. Inflationary increases in expenditure on food and health care for students are fully compensated by the State. 7. The responsibility for creating the necessary conditions for the study, work and rest of the students, pupils of educational institutions is carried out by officials of educational institutions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the charter of the educational institution. Article 52. Rights and duties of parents (legal representatives) 1. Parents (legal representatives) of minor children are entitled to choose forms of education, educational institutions, to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the child and to take part in the administration of children until the latter's basic general education is received. educational institution. 2. Parents (legal representatives) of pupils are obliged to comply with the rules of the educational institution. 3. Parents (legal representatives) have the right to give the child an initial general, general, secondary (full) general education in the family. A child who receives an education in the family has the right at any stage of the study, with the approval of parents (legal representatives), to continue their education in the educational institution. 4. Parents (legal representatives) of pupils are responsible for their upbringing and basic general education. Article 53. The teaching activity 1. The regulations governing the staffing of educational establishments are regulated by their statutes. The educational activities in educational establishments are subject to educational qualifications, which are defined by model provisions on educational establishments of the types and types concerned. 2. Teachers in educational institutions shall not be allowed to do so by a person who is prohibited by a court sentence or on medical grounds, as well as persons who have been convicted of certain offences. The lists of relevant medical contraindications and of the offences shall be established by law. Article 54. Remuny for workers in educational institutions 1. The salary and salary of the employee of the educational institution shall be paid for the performance of the functional duties and work provided for in the employment contract (contract). The employee of the educational institution of other works and duties shall be paid for an additional contract, except in the cases provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The educational workers of educational establishments have a minimum wage and salaries above the average wage in the Russian Federation. 3. The average wage and salary levels of teaching staff in educational institutions are set at the following level: for teaching staff in educational establishments Institutions of higher professional education-twice the average wage of workers in industry in the Russian Federation; for teachers and other teaching staff-not less than the average wage Workers in the Russian Federation; Other employees of educational institutions-the average wage of similar categories of workers in the Russian Federation. 4. The educational institution, within the limits of its available funds for the remuneration of employees of the educational institution, determines the form and system of remuneration, the amount of the wage and salary levels, and the size of the educational system. Allowances, allowances, bonuses and other incentives. The search for funds for these purposes by exceeding the maximum admissible educational loads on the educational worker of the educational institution is prohibited. Article 55. The rights of employees of educational institutions, their social guarantees and benefits 1. Employees of educational establishments have the right to participate in the management of an educational institution and to defend their professional honour and dignity. 2. Disciplinary investigation of violations by an educational officer of the educational institution of the rules of professional conduct and (or) the statute of the educational institution may be carried out only on the basis of a complaint lodged against him or her writing. A copy of the complaint must be transmitted to the teacher. 3. The conduct of the disciplinary investigation and the resulting decisions may be made public only with the consent of the educational institution concerned, except in cases leading to the prohibition Teaching activities or, if necessary, protecting the interests of pupils and pupils. 4. In the performance of professional duties, teachers are entitled to freedom of choice and use of methods of teaching and education, teaching aids and materials, textbooks, methods of assessing the knowledge of pupils and pupils. 5. For teachers of educational establishments, the shorter working hours are fixed at no more than 36 hours per week. Depending on the position and/or speciality of teaching staff in educational institutions, taking into account the peculiarities of their work, the length of working time as well as the minimum duration of annual paid leave It is established by the Labour Code of the Russian Federation and other regulatory and legal acts of the Russian Federation. Pedagogical workers of educational institutions, in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, enjoy the right to receive a retirement pension until they reach retirement age, and to free living space with Heating and lighting in rural areas, working villages (urban-type settlements) and priority provision of residential space. Educators of the educational institution are entitled to a continuous period of up to one year, the order and conditions of which shall be determined, at least every 10 years of continuous teaching. The founder and/or statutes of this educational institution. 6. The teaching staff of the educational institution specified in the contract of employment (the contract) limits itself to the upper limit defined by the model provision on the educational institution of the type and type concerned. 7. The teaching staff of higher vocational education, who has a degree in the subject area, is entitled to read a course in parallel to the existing degree. The management of an educational institution is obliged to create the necessary conditions for this. 8. Teachers of educational institutions (including managers who are involved in the educational process) in order to facilitate their printing and periodics are paid Monthly monetary compensation in the amount of one and a half minimum wages, in higher vocational education institutions and the corresponding additional vocational training, in the amount of one minimum wage The amount of remuneration is in other educational establishments. The amount of monetary compensation paid is non-compensable. 9. The teaching staff of educational establishments who are removed from urban centres and are considered as such by the public authorities and the educational authorities shall be subject to the benefits provided for in the locality for agricultural specialists. 10. Graduates of higher professional and secondary vocational education institutions, other specialists who have arrived in rural educational institutions are subject to conditions and procedures for extradition A lump-sum economic benefit for specialists who have graduated from the agricultural educational institutions of higher professional and secondary vocational education. 11. Employees of educational and scientific laboratories, training and production workshops (workshops) and educational establishments of establishments, enterprises and organizations of the educational system are subject to the benefits and benefits for employees The relevant productions are produced. 12. Persons working with convicted persons of educational institutions and educational and advisory centres, which are established in institutions that execute penal sentences of deprivation of liberty, are subject to the conditions and conditions for the establishment of a pension With regard to the special conditions of work for those working with convicted persons in institutions that execute criminal sentences of deprivation of liberty. Article 56. Employment relations in the education system 1. For employees of an educational institution, an employer is an educational institution, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The employment relationship of an educational institution and an educational institution is governed by the contract of employment (contract). The terms of the contract of employment cannot be in conflict with the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour. 3. In addition to the grounds for termination of the employment contract at the initiative of the administration provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour, the grounds for dismissal of an educational institution at the initiative of the administration of this educational institution before the expiry of the labor contract (the contract) is: 1) repeated in the course of the year a gross violation of the constitution of the educational institution; (2) the application, including the one, Physical and (or) mental violence on the personality of the pupil, pupil; (3) appearance at work in the state of alcoholic, narcotic or toxic intoxication. Dismissal on these grounds may be exercised by the administration without the consent of the trade union. Chapter VI: INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS Russian Federation 1. The Russian Federation's international cooperation in the field of education is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the international agreements of the Russian Federation. If an international treaty of the Russian Federation sets out rules other than those provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation, the rules of the international treaty shall apply. 2. Education authorities and educational institutions have the right to establish direct links with foreign enterprises, institutions and organizations. 3. The education, training and retraining of foreign nationals in educational establishments of the Russian Federation, as well as of citizens of the Russian Federation in foreign educational establishments, are carried out under the direct agreements concluded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Educational institutions, associations, educational management bodies, other legal entities and individuals in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation. Article 58. Foreign economic activity 1. Educational institutions, educational institutions have the right to independently carry out foreign economic activities and have foreign exchange accounts in banking and other credit institutions in accordance with the procedure established by Russian law. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Foreign exchange funds received by an educational institution from foreign economic activity are owned by him or are not subject to the right of ownership or are exempted. ". In connection with the adoption of this Federal Law, decree of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, of 10 July 1992, N 3267-I "On the procedure for enacting the Education Act of the Russian Federation". Invite the President of the Russian Federation and instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its legal acts into conformity with this Federal Law. C t I am 4. This law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 13 January 1996 N 12-FZ