The Museum Fund Of The Russian Federation And Museums In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О Музейном фонде Российской Федерации и музеях в Российской Федерации

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW About the Museum Foundation of the Russian Federation Adopted by the State Duma on 24 April 1996 class="ed">(In the revised federal laws of 10.01.2003) N 15-FZ; of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; dated 26.06.2007 N 118-FZ, of 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; of 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ; of 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ; dated 01.12.2014. N 419-FZ) CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS C The scope of application of this Federal law This Federal Law defines the legal position of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, as well as the peculiarities of the creation and the legal position of museums in the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION This Federal Law applies to all existing and newly created museums in the Russian Federation. C, I am 2. Russian Federation legislation on the Russian Federation Museum Foundation and Museums in the Russian Federation Russian Federation Law on the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and museums in the Russian Federation consist of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Laws of the Russian Federation on Culture, and of this Federal Act, which are adopted in accordance with federal laws and other regulatory legal acts OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION of the Russian Federation. The laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation regulating the relations referred to in Part 1 of Article 1 of this Federal Law may not contradict this Federal Law. In the event of a contradiction between this Federal Act and another act adopted in the Russian Federation, this Federal Act is in force. C but I am 3. Key concepts For the purposes of this Federal Act, the following basic concepts and terms are used: cultural values-religious or secular objects relevant to history and culture; and related to the categories defined in article 7 of the Russian Federation's Act on the export and import of cultural property; cultural value, quality or special features of which are the preservation, study and public perception of the society; museum collection is a collection of cultural values that acquire the properties of a museum object only when they are united by the nature of their own of origin, or types of kinship or other grounds; museum fund is a collection of permanently resident museum items and museum collections, which is permitted only from Enforcement of restrictions established by this Federal Act; museum is a non-profit cultural institution created by the owner for the storage, study and public presentation of museum objects and museum collections, as well as to achieve other objectives defined by the present Federal Law; (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 19-FZ) storage is one of the main activities of the museum, which implies the creation of material and legal conditions under which the preservation of the museum object and the museum collection is ensured; One of the main forms of activity of the museum, which includes all the views of the society of museum objects and museum collections by means of public display, reproduction in printed publications, electronic and other forms of media. C t I am 4. State regulation in the field of museums and the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation On behalf of the Russian Federation, personal and non-proprietary rights and duties, as well as State control over The museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are carried out by the federal executive body, to which the Government of the Russian Federation is responsible for State regulation in the field of Culture. On behalf of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, property and non-proprietary rights and duties, as well as State control over museum items and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter II. The Ministry of Foreign and European Development of the Russian Federation The Museum Fund of the Russian Federation as a part of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are part of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation. C t I am 6. Form of ownership of museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum of the Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Federations may be in State, municipal, private or other forms of ownership. C t I am 7. The composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation , the Russian Federation Museum Foundation consists of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the private part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C but I am 8. The inclusion of museum objects and museum collections in the Museum Foundation Russian Federation includes museum objects and museum collections in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation A federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the field of culture, in accordance with the procedure established by the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, after an expert examination. The position of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation is approved by the Government Plenipotentiary of the Federal Government of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law Government Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation by the Federal Executive. Federal Law of 23 July 2008 N160-FZ) Transfer of Ownership and Other Actions by Natural and Legal Persons aimed at establishing, modifying or terminating civil rights and duties in relation to museum objects and museum collections, Included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are made only after the registration of the transaction in the State Catalogue of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C t I am 11. The removal from the Russian Federation of museums of objects and museum collections Museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are not exported from the Russian Federation. Temporary export of these items is regulated by the Law of the Russian Federation "On the export and import of cultural property". I'm 12. The characteristics of the civilian circulation of museum items items and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Cultural regulation. Chapter III. IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION C Composition of the State part of the Museum Foundation Russian Federation The State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation includes museum objects and museum collections in federal property and in OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Museum objects and museum collections, acquired after the entry into force of this Federal Law by state museums, other public institutions, either by founders or at the expense of their own or other The funds are part of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C and I am 14. The forms of ownership of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the state part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are the State OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The procedure for the demarcation of forms of ownership of museum objects and museum collections included in the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation is established by the provisions on the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C t I am 15. Collection of museum objects and museum collections included in the State part of the Museum Foundation of the Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the composition of the Museum The State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall not be excluded, except in cases of loss, destruction or exchange of other museum objects and museum collections. The decisions on the disposal of museum objects and museum collections included in the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are taken by the federal authority in the cases provided for in Part One of this Article The executive branch is responsible for the administration of the State in the field of culture. Museum collection is indivisible. C t I am 16. Management of museum objects and museum collections included in the State part of the Museum Foundation Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the composition of the Museum State units of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are attached to State museums and other state institutions on the law of operational management. Decisions on the management of museum objects and museum collections in federal ownership are taken by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the field of culture, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The decisions on the management of museum objects and museum collections owned by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are taken by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation State regulation of culture. State museums, other public institutions, which are transferred to the operational management of museum objects and museum collections included in the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, are obliged to ensure: Physical security and safety of museum objects and museum collections; maintenance and preservation of records related to these museum items and museum collections; use of museum objects objects and museum collections in scientific, cultural, educational, creative and productive purposes. C but I am 17. State control of the state of the State part of the Museum Fund Russian Federation State control over the state of the state part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation is implemented OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The State control of the state of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation is carried out in the following forms: inspection of the state of preservation and conditions for the storage of museum objects and museum collections; to send inquiries and receive information on museum objects and museum collections for the implementation of the State register of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C but I am 18. State support for the state of the part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the state museums in the Russian Federation Government of the Russian Federation and executive authorities The constituent entities of the Russian Federation are obliged to ensure the financial and other conditions necessary for the storage and use of museum objects and museum collections belonging to the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Operational management of public museums, other State institutions, as well as provide the necessary guarantees of compensation for damage caused to such museum objects and museum collections. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ ) The Government of the Russian Federation and the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish special forms of support for State museums with regard to the need for additional measures The preservation of unique historical and artistic complexes, as well as the creation of the most favorable conditions for the activity of the largest public museums in the Russian Federation, museum objects and museum collections of global significance. CHAPTER IV. IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The composition of the non-State part of the Museum of the [ [ Russian Federation]] Museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, which are not part of the State part of the [ [ Museum of the Russian Federation]] The non-governmental part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C t I am 20. Inclusion of museum objects and museum collections in the non-State part of the Museum Foundation of the Russian Federation Including museum items and museum collections in the non-State part of the Museum OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION C t I am 21. Exclusion of museum objects and museum collections of non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Exclusion of museum objects and museum collections of non-State parts The Museum Fund of the Russian Federation in cases of loss or destruction of these objects shall be carried out by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the field of culture, in accordance with the procedure provided for in article 9 of this Federal Law. C and I am 22. Storage and inventory of museum items and museum collections included in the private part of the Museum Foundation Russian Federation Museum objects and museum collections included in the composition of the Museum The private part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be recorded and stored in accordance with the rules and conditions set forth in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. C and I am 23. State control of the state of the State of the Museum of the Museum of the Russian Federation and the activities of the State Museums in the Russian Federation State Control over the state of the private part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the activities of non-governmental museums in the Russian Federation is carried out by the federal executive body responsible for state regulation in the Russian Federation. Culture. State control takes place in the following forms: Check the preservation and storage conditions of museum objects and museum collections; raised ownership of change of location Storage or disposal of museum objects and museum collections transferred to non-State museums, in the cases provided for by this Federal Law; request direction and information on museum items and museum collections required for implementation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION C but I am 24. State support for the non-state part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and non-State museums in the Russian Federation Self-governments, within the limits of their powers, may support the non-governmental part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and non-State museums in the Russian Federation in various forms, including: State restoration institutions for the restoration of museum items and Museum collections included in the non-governmental part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation; (Spent out-Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ) N 122-FZ ) provide tax and other benefits in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. C and I am 25. Deals with museum objects and museum collections included in private part of the Museum Fund Russian Federation When performing gift or sale transactions in relation The museum objects and museum collections included in the non-governmental part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, the recipient of a gift or the buyer must assume all obligations in respect of these objects, which were held by the donor or by the of the seller. At the same time, the state has a preferential right to buy. In the inheritance of museum objects and museum collections by means of a will or by law, the heir must assume all the obligations of the testator in respect of these objects. In the event of a waiver of these obligations, the heirs may sell museum items and museum collections or perform a different transaction on the above conditions, with the State taking precedence over the purchase. If the heirs fail to meet the obligations of museum objects and museum collections, the state has the right to carry out the buyback of the contents of the objects under civil law of the Russian Federation. All listed transactions with museum objects and museum collections are considered to have been committed from the day of their state registration in the State Catalogue of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation. The realization of the superior right of purchase stipulated in the first and second parts of this article shall be granted by the federal executive organ of the State in the field of State regulation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION In the Russian Federation, the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign and European Integration, will be the President of the Russian Federation. The creation of museums in the Russian Federation Museums in the Russian Federation are created in the form of institutions for the implementation of cultural, educational and scientific functions of a non-profit nature. Article 26-1. Museum-Preserve museum-reserve-museum, which has been given land plots with landline areas of historical and cultural reserves, or The ensembles. The territory of the museum is the land areas specified in part one of this article, other land plots provided to the museum-reserve in accordance with the established procedure in connection with the creation of this museum-reserve, as well as in The period of its operation. Along with the activities carried out by museums in accordance with this Federal Law, other federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION museum-reserve also has the right: carry out activities aimed at preserving the historical nature of the museum-reserve within the territory of the museum (including the maintenance of the traditional way of life and (c) The use of natural resources and the use of natural resources; Create conditions for tourism; hold environmental activities; carry out maintenance and operation of infrastructure facilities (including buildings, accommodation and non-residential premises), vehicles required by the museum To ensure citizens ' access to cultural heritage, guided tour services and the creation of conditions for tourist activities. class="doclink " href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102041535&backlink=1 & &nd=102145535 "target="contents" title= " "> dated 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ) Article 27. The aims of the creation of museums in the Russian Federation The objectives of museum creation in the Russian Federation are: educational, research and educational activities; storage of museum objects and museum collections; identification and collection of museum items and museum collections; museum objects and museum collections; museum objects and museum collections collections. The purpose of the museum-reserve in the Russian Federation, together with the objectives set out in Part One of this article, is to preserve the cultural heritage of the museum and the citizens ' access to them, The implementation of the preservation, study and promotion of these facilities. The objectives of the establishment of museum reserves in the Russian Federation, together with those specified in Parts One and Two of this article, may be the maintenance of a regime of notable historical and cultural nature. preserve within the boundaries of the museum-reserve of historical activities (including maintenance of traditional way of life and natural resources) of the Territory in ways, popular arts and crafts, Provision of guided tour services, provision of information services and the creation of conditions for tourist activities. Create museums in the Russian Federation are not allowed for other purposes. (Article as amended by Federal Law dated 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ) C t I am 28. The establishment of museums in the Russian Federation Museums in the Russian Federation shall be established in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. C t I am 29. The procedure for the establishment of State museums in the Russian Federation State museums under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation shall be established, reorganized and eliminated in the order of the Russian Federation. The Government of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by federal laws and presidential decrees. The establishment, reorganization and liquidation of State museums under the jurisdiction of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation is carried out in the manner determined by the highest executive body of the State authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise provided by the State party. established by the laws of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. (...) (...) N 83-FZ) (Part Two was lost-Federal Law of 08.05.2010) N 83-FZ) Deficiable property assigned to state museums under operational control may be seized by the owner only if the property is not intended to be used, or in the event of liquidation museum. In case of rental of real estate owned by state museums under operational control, the rental payments remain at the disposal of the museum (with the exception of the museum which is executed) (a) The purpose of the organization; In the wording of Federal Law of 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) The land on which State museums are located shall be made available to them on the right of permanent (indefinite) use. (As amended by the Federal Act of 26 June 2007) N 118-FZ) C-t I am 30. Procedure for the establishment of non-State museums in the Russian Federation Docking of museum objects and museum collections for non-State museums is made by the owner in accordance with the Russian legislation THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The statutes (regulations) of non-State museums are approved by their founders and are registered in due course. Unforestable property assigned to non-State museums on the right of operational management may be seized by the owner only if the property is not used for the purpose of disposal or in the event of the destruction of the museum. C I am 31. The reorganization of museums in the Russian Federation Reorganization of museums in the Russian Federation is carried out in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. The change of museum activity as a result of reorganization is not allowed. C t I am 32. Elimination of museums in the Russian Federation Elimination of museums in the Russian Federation is carried out in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. (Part Two has lost power-Federal Law of 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) When public museums are eliminated, museum objects and museum collections assigned to these museums are laid down in accordance with article 16, paragraph 1, of this Federal Act for other public purposes. by museum (museum). The decision is taken by the federal executive body responsible for state regulation in the field of culture. C I am 33. The museum's activities in the Russian Federation Museums in the Russian Federation , in accordance with their constituent documents, may carry out activitiesnot prohibited by law OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION In the wording of Federal Law of 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) Museums in the Russian Federation, according to their constituent documents, can carry out revenue-producing activities only as long as they achieve the goals, as provided by this Federal Act. In the wording of Federal Law of 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) C t I am 34. (Deleted-Federal Law of 10.01.2003) N 15-FZ CHAPTER VI. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Access to museum items and museum collections Museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and located in museums in the Russian Federation are open to citizens ' access. The owner or owner may be subject to restrictions on access to museum items and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and in museums, on the following grounds: poor state of preservation of museum objects and museum collections; restoration works; museum item in storage (depositaries) of museum. The procedure and conditions for access to museum objects and museum collections, which are located in the repository (depositaries) of the museum, are established by normative acts of the federal executive Cultural regulations are being brought to the attention of citizens. The procedure for ensuring accessibility for persons with disabilities in museums, including the possibility of getting acquainted with museum objects and museum collections, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on social protection The number of persons with disabilities is determined by the federal executive body, which is responsible for the state regulation of culture, in consultation with the federal executive body responsible for the development and implementation public policy and regulatory framework Social protection of the population. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 01.12.2014). N 419-FZ) Restrictions on access to museum items and museum collections are not permitted for reasons of censorship. C and I am 36. The publication of museum objects and museum collections The law of the first publication of museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and located in museums in the Russian Federation, belongs to the museum, which contains museum objects and museum collections. The transfer of museum objects and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation to museums in the Russian Federation are transferred to museums in the Russian Federation The procedure established by the owner of museum objects and museum collections. Production of visual, printed, souvenir and other reproduction products and consumer goods using museum objects and museum collections, museum buildings, facilities located in the territories Museums, as well as the use of their names and symbols, are carried out with the permission of the Directorate of Museums. Chapter VII. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Liability for violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation of the Museum Foundation Russian Federation and Museums in the Russian Federation Natural and Legal Persons, Public Authorities and the local authorities responsible for violations of the provisions of this Federal Act shall be liable to administrative or civil liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. C I am 38. The responsibility of the officials Non-fulfillment by officials of the provisions of this Federal Law, namely: Unlawful refusal to include a museum item in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation; Illegal to exclude a museum object from the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation; Disclosure of confidential information on museum items included in the private part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation; wrongful refusal to register transactions with museums class="ed"> items-(In the Federal Law of 10.01.2003) N 15-FZ) (Deleted-Federal Law of 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ entails administrative liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Chapter VIII. CONCLUDING STATEMENTS C, I am 39. The entry into force of this Federal Law The present Federal Law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. C t I am 40. Enact normative legal acts in conformity with this Federal Law Propose to the President of the Russian Federation and instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative legal acts into compliance with this Federal Law. President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 26 May 1996 N 54-FZ