The Museum Fund Of The Russian Federation And Museums In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О Музейном фонде Российской Федерации и музеях в Российской Федерации

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102041535

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL law on Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and museums in the Russian Federation adopted by the State Duma April 24, 1996 year (as amended by the federal laws from 01/10/2003 N 15-FL;
from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 26.06.2007 N 118-FZ;
from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; from 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ;
from 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ; from 01.12.2014 N 419-FZ) Chapter i. GENERAL PROVISIONS s t a t b I 1. The scope of this federal law this federal law defines the legal status of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, as well as peculiarities of creation and legal situation of museums in the Russian Federation.
This federal law applies to all existing and newly created museums in the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation on the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and museums in the Russian Federation the Russian Federation Law on Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the museums of the Russian Federation consists of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the basic legislation of the Russian Federation on culture, this federal law adopted in accordance with the federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation regulating relations referred to in article 1 hereof, may not contradict this federal law.
In the event of a conflict between this federal law and other Act adopted in the Russian Federation operates the present Federal law.
T s t b I 3. Basic concepts for the purposes of this federal law uses the following concepts and terms: cultural values are objects of religious or secular nature of relevance to history and culture and related to the categories defined in article 7 of the law of the Russian Federation "on the export and import of cultural property";
Museum subject matter-the cultural value, quality or special features which make it necessary for its preservation society, the study and public presentation;
Museum collection-a set of cultural values, which are the property of the Museum object, only by being United together, because of the nature of their origin, or species, or on other grounds;
the Museum fund-a set of permanently residing on the territory of the Russian Federation of museum items and collections, civil circulation which is allowed only with the observance of the limitations prescribed by this federal law;
Museum-a non-profit cultural institution established by the owner for storage, study and public presentation of exhibits and museum collections, as well as to achieve other objectives established by this federal law; (As amended by the Federal law on 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ) storage is one of the main activities of the Museum, which involves creating physical and legal conditions under which ensured the safety of Museum object and the Museum's collection;
the publication is one of the main forms of Museum activity, involving all kinds of society view exhibits and museum collections through public display, reproduction in print, electronic and other forms of media.
T s t b I 4. State regulation in the field of museums and the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation on behalf of the Russian Federation property and non-property rights and obligations, as well as State control of museum items and collections that are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, is implementing the Federal Executive authority, to which the Government of the Russian Federation responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
On behalf of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation property and non-property rights and obligations, as well as State control of museum items and collections that are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, carry out the authorized bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
CHAPTER II. The MUSEUM FUND of the Russian Federation with a t and t b I 5. The Museum Fund of the Russian Federation as part of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation are an integral part of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 6. Ownership of museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, may be in private, State, municipal or other forms of ownership.
T s t b I 7. The composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum Fund of the Russian Federation consists of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.

T s t b I 8. The inclusion of exhibits and museum collections in the composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation the inclusion of exhibits and museum collections in the composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be made by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the sphere of culture, in accordance with the procedure set out in the regulation on the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, after an appropriate examination.
The position of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) Museum objects and museum collections are deemed to be included in the composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation from the day of registration of the relevant fact in the public directory of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
The owner of museum items and collections that are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, issued a corresponding certificate.
T s t b I 9. The exception of museum items and collections from the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation the exception of museum items and collections from the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be made by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the sphere of culture, in accordance with the procedure set out in the regulation on the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, after an appropriate examination.
Museum items and collections are considered to be excluded from the membership of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation from the day of registration of the relevant fact in the public directory of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 10. State catalogue of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation State catalogue of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation is the accounting document that contains basic information about each museum subject and each of the Museum's collection included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
Keeping the State catalogue of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Federal Executive body responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
Regulations on the State catalogue of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ), transfer of ownership and other actions of physical and legal persons to establish, change or termination of civil rights and obligations regarding exhibits and museum collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be made only after registration of the transaction in the public catalog of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 11. Export from the Russian Federation Museum objects and Museum Collections Museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, export from the Russian Federation.
The temporary export of data items is regulated by the law of the Russian Federation "on the export and import of cultural property".
T s t b I 12. Features of civil turnover of museum items and collections that are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation may be alienated or pass from one person to another and the order of universal legal succession or otherwise only by special permission of the federal body of executive power entrusted with State regulation in the field of culture.
CHAPTER III. The PUBLIC PART of the MUSEUM FUND of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION with t a t b I 13. The State portion of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation in the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation consists of museum items and collections that are federal property and the property of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, irrespective of in whose possession they are found.
Museum items and collections acquired after the entry into force of this federal law, state museums, other government agencies at the expense of the founders, either at the expense of own or other means, are part of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 14. Form of ownership on the part of the State Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, are the State property of the Russian Federation.
The order of differentiation of ownership of museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, are set out in the regulation of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 15. Exclusion of museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation

Museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall not be alienated, except in cases of loss, destruction or Exchange for other museum items and collections.
Decision on exclusion of museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, in the cases provided by paragraph 1 of this article shall be taken by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
The Museum collection is indivisible.
T s t b I 16. Management of museum objects and museum collections included in the composition of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, is set for public museums, other government agencies on operational management.
Decisions about managing Museum objects and museum collections in federal ownership, shall be taken by a federal body of executive power which is responsible for State regulation in the sphere of culture, in the manner prescribed by the Russian Government.
Decisions about managing Museum objects and museum collections that are in State property of subjects of the Russian Federation shall be adopted by the executive bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
State museums, other government agencies, which transferred to the operational control of museum items and collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, must ensure: physical safety and security of museum objects and Museum Collections;
maintenance and preservation of records related to the Museum and Museum Collections;
use of museum objects and museum collections in scientific, cultural, educational, creative and production purposes.
T s t b I 17. State monitoring of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation State monitoring of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation is exercised by the federal body of executive power entrusted with State regulation in the field of culture, and the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
State monitoring of the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation in the following forms: checking the status of preservation and storage of museum objects and Museum Collections;
request and receive information about museum objects and Museum Collections needed to implement state accounting the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 18. Public support for the State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the State museums in the Russian Federation the Government of the Russian Federation and the organs of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be obliged to provide financial and other conditions necessary for the storage and use of exhibits and museum collections that are included in the public part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and transmitted in the day-to-day management of State museums, other government agencies, as well as provide the necessary guarantees of reparation caused by specified museums and Museum Collections. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), the Government of the Russian Federation and the organs of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish specific forms of support to the State museums in connection with the necessity of taking further steps to preserve the unique historical and artistic complexes, as well as creating the most favourable conditions for the activity of the largest public museums in the Russian Federation, store museum items and collections of global impact.
CHAPTER IV. The NON-GOVERNMENTAL PART of the MUSEUM FUND of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION t s t b I 19. Composition of the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and not related to his State part, constitute an independent part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 20. The inclusion of exhibits and museum collections in the composition of the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation the inclusion of exhibits and museum collections in the composition of the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be made on the basis of the application of the owner of the subject in the manner provided for in article 8 hereof.
T s t b I 21. The exception of museum items and collections from the independent

part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation the exception of museum items and collections from the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation in cases of loss or destruction of items produced by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the sphere of culture, in accordance with article 9 hereof.
T s t b I am 22. Custody and registration of museum objects and collections that are included in the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation Museum items and collections included in the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation shall be accounted for and storage in accordance with the terms and conditions established by the regulations on Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 23. State control of the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and the activities of non-State museums in the Russian Federation State control over non-governmental part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and non-governmental activities in the Russian Federation carries out the Federal Executive authority, which is responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
State control is exercised in the following forms: checking the status of preservation and storage of museum objects and Museum Collections;
the question before the owner about the change in storage location or on the alienation of museum items and collections transferred to the management of non-State museums, in cases stipulated by this federal law;
request and receive information about museum objects and Museum Collections needed to implement state accounting the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 24. State support of non-governmental part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and non-State museums in the Russian Federation, Bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government within their terms of reference may provide support to non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and non-State museums in the Russian Federation in various forms, including: restoration to provide public institutions to undertake restoration of museum items and collections that are included in the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation; (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) to provide tax and other benefits in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 25. Deal with museum objects and museum collections that are included with the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation in transactions of donation or sale regarding exhibits and museum collections that are included in the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, the recipient of the gift or the buyer shall assume all obligations in respect of these items available to the donor or seller. The State has a preferential right of purchase.
When you inherit from the exhibits and museum collections by will or by law the heir is obliged to undertake all the obligations that the testator with respect to these items. Upon cancellation of these commitments the heir can sell data Museum objects and museum collections or perform other transaction on these above conditions, the State has a preferential right of purchase.
If the heir is not ensured execution of obligations with respect to the data exhibits and museum collections, the State has a right to redemption of improperly maintained items in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
All listed transactions with museum objects and museum collections are considered to be committed from the day of their registration by the State in the public catalog of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation.
Implementation of the preemptive right to purchase provided for in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, the State shall be made by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the sphere of culture or the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
Chapter v. museums in RUSSIAN FEDERATION t s t b I 26. The establishment of Museums Museums in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation established in the form of agencies for the implementation of cultural, educational and scientific functions of the non-commercial nature. Article 26-1. Museums-reserves reserve Museum-Museum, which in accordance with the established procedure provided plots with these noteworthy places, related to historical and cultural reserves, or ensembles.

The territory of the Museum are land specified in part one of this article, other plots of land provided by the museum-reserve in accordance with the established procedure in connection with the establishment of the Museum, as well as during the period of its activities.
Along with the museums activities in accordance with this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the Museum provides safety delegated to objects of cultural heritage and access to citizens, as well as the preservation, study and popularization of specified objects.
The Museum also has the right to: carry out activities aimed at maintaining within the historical museum activities (including maintaining traditional ways of life and environmental sciences), carried out by traditional, typical for this area in ways that national art crafts and crafts;
to carry out excursions and provide information services;
create conditions for tourism activities;
conduct environmental activities;
to the content and operation of infrastructure (including buildings, dwellings and non-residential premises), the necessary vehicles Museum-reserve to ensure citizens ' access to cultural heritage sites given to it, the implementation of excursion services, creation of conditions for tourist activities.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ), Article 27. The purpose of the establishment of museums in the Russian Federation the aims of the establishment of museums in the Russian Federation are: implementation of educational, research and educational activities;
storage of museum objects and Museum Collections;
identifying and gathering of museum objects and Museum Collections;
study of museum objects and Museum Collections;
publication of museum items and collections.
Objectives the creation of conservation areas in the Russian Federation, together with the aims specified in paragraph 1 of this article, are securing transferred Museum-preserve cultural heritage and access to citizens, the implementation of preservation, research and popularization of specified objects.
Objectives the creation of conservation areas in the Russian Federation, together with the aims specified in the first and second parts of this article may be to ensure the regime attractive places in relation to historical and cultural reserve, or ensemble, the preservation within the historical museum activities (including maintaining traditional ways of life and environmental sciences), carried out by traditional, typical for this area in ways that national art crafts and crafts, excursion service implementation , information services, as well as creation of conditions for tourist activities.
The establishment of museums in the Russian Federation for other purposes is not allowed.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 23.02.2011 N 19-FZ) t s t b I 28. Establishment of Museums Museums in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation shall be established in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 29. The procedure of establishing the State museums in the Russian Federation state museums administered by the Russian Federation, are created, reorganizes and disposed of in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by federal laws and decrees of the President of the Russian Federation. Creation, reorganization and liquidation of State museums administered by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, shall be as determined by the highest executive organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ)
(Part two lapsed federal law from 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) Immovable property, set for public museums, operational management, may be withdrawn only if the owner of the property being misused or in case of liquidation of the Museum.
In the case of a tenancy of immovable property laid down for state museums on operational management, rental payments will remain at the disposal of the Museum (except for the Museum, which is a public institution) and directed exclusively at maintaining the technical condition of the immovable property. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) plots of land on which is located the State museums are granted to them by right of permanent (indefinite) use. (As amended by federal law from 26.06.2007 N 118-FZ) t s t b I 30. The procedure of establishing non-State museums in the Russian Federation

Pinning of museum items and collections for non-State museums is made by the owner in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on the right of operative management.
Statutes (regulations) non-State museums are approved by their founders and are registered in the prescribed manner.
Immovable property, set for non-State museums on the right of operative Administration may be withdrawn only if the owner of the property being misused or in case of liquidation of the Museum.
T s t b I am 31. Reorganization of the museums in the reorganization of the museums of the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation shall be in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
Changing the goals of museums as a result of the reorganization is not allowed.
T s t b I 32. Elimination of museums in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation museums Elimination is carried out in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
(Part two lapsed federal law from 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) upon the liquidation of the State museums of museum items and collections contained these museums, in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 16 of the Federal law for other State Museums (Museum). The decision by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the field of culture.
T s t b I am 33. Activities of Museums Museums in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation in accordance with their constituent instruments can carry out activities not prohibited by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the relevant objectives of the activities of the museums in the Russian Federation, which provided for in this federal law. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) Museums in the Russian Federation in accordance with their constituent instruments of income-generating activities may exercise only insofar as this serves the objectives stipulated by this federal law. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.05.2010 N 83-FZ) t s t b I 34. (Deleted-the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ), CHAP. VI. ACCESSIBILITY of the MUSEUM FUND of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION with the t and t b I 35. Access to museum objects and Museum Collections Museum items and collections included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and in the museums of the Russian Federation, are open to access by citizens.
Owner, or the owner may be limited access to museum objects and museum collections included in the composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and in museums, on the following grounds: the poor state of preservation of exhibits and Museum Collections;
production of the restoration work;
finding a Museum object in the repository (the depository) Museum.
The procedure and conditions for the access to museum objects and museum collections in store (depositaries) of the Museum, are established by the normative acts of the federal body of executive power entrusted with State regulation in the field of culture, and brought to the attention of the citizens.
Procedure for ensuring accessibility of museums, including the opportunity to become familiar with museum objects and museum collections, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on the social protection of disabled persons is determined by the federal executive body responsible for State regulation in the sphere of culture, in coordination with the federal executive body responsible for formulating and implementing State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of social protection of the population. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 01.12.2014 N 419-FZ) restricting access to museum objects and museum collections from considerations of censorship is not allowed.
T s t b I 36. Publication of museum items and collections right of first publication of museum items and collections that are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and in the museums of the Russian Federation, is owned by the Museum, which secured data Museum items and collections.
Transfer of rights to commercial use of reproductions of museum items and collections that are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation and in the museums of the Russian Federation, is carried out by museums in the manner prescribed by the owner of the exhibits and Museum Collections.
Production of graphic, printed, souvenir and other mechanically reproduced products and consumer goods using images of museum objects and museum collections, buildings, museums, facilities located in the territories of the museums, as well as using their names and symbols is carried out with the permission of the Directorate of museums.
CHAPTER VII. RESPONSIBILITY for VIOLATION of LEGISLATION of the Russian Federation on the MUSEUM FUND of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION and museums in the Russian Federation t s t b I am 37. Responsibility for violation of legislation

The Russian Federation Museum Fund of the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation and museums of natural and legal persons, bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government, guilty of violating the provisions of this federal law, shall bear administrative or civil liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 38. Responsible officials of the failure of officials to the provisions of this Federal Act, namely: unlawful refusal to enable a Museum object in the composition of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation;
unlawful exclusion of Museum object from the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation;
disclosure of confidential information about museum objects that are included in the non-State part of the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation;
unlawful refusal in registration of museum objects-(as amended by the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) (deleted-the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) shall entail administrative liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VIII. FINAL PROVISIONS t s t b I 39. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
T s t b I 40. Bringing of normative legal acts in accordance with this federal law to propose to the President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative acts in compliance with this federal law.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin May 26, 1996 N 54-FL