On National Cultural Autonomy

Original Language Title: О национально-культурной автономии

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102041937

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on national and cultural autonomy adopted by the State Duma May 22, 1996 year approved by the Federation Council of the year June 5, 1996 (as amended by the federal laws from 21.03.2002 N 31-FZ;
from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ;
from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; on 30.11.2005 N 146-FZ;
from 01.12.2007 N 309-FZ; from 09.02.2009 N 11-FZ;
from 09.02.2009 N 14-FZ; from 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ;
from 04.11.2014 N 336-FZ) this federal law defines the legal framework of national cultural autonomy in the Russian Federation, creates the legal conditions of interaction between the State and the society for the protection of national interests of citizens of the Russian Federation in the process of selecting their ways and forms of their national and cultural development.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. The concept of national-cultural autonomy of national-cultural autonomy in the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the national-cultural autonomy) is a form of national cultural self-determination, representing the Association of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves to the predelennoj ethnic group, which is in a situation of national minorities in the territory concerned, on the basis of their voluntary self-organization in order to solve the issues of identity, language, education, national culture, strengthen the unity of the Russian nation, the harmonization of inter-ethnic relations, the promotion of interreligious dialogue as well as activities aimed at the social and cultural adaptation and integration of migrants. (As amended by the federal laws of 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ; from 04.11.2014 N 336-FZ) national-cultural autonomy is a public association. Organizational-legal form of national-cultural autonomy is a public organization. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ), Article 2. Principles of national-cultural autonomy of national-cultural autonomy is based on the following principles: the free will of citizens in the designation of itself to a particular ethnic group;
self-organization and self-governance;
the diversity of the internal organization of the national-cultural autonomy;
combination of public initiative with State support;
respect for language, culture, traditions and customs of the citizens of different ethnic communities;
the rule of law.
Article 3. Legal regulation of national-cultural autonomy regulation of autonomous ethnic cultural organizations are carried out in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this federal law, the Federal law of May 19, 1995 N 82-FZ "on public associations", other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as with universally recognized principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
If an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this federal law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ), Article 4. The right to national and cultural autonomy of national cultural autonomy has the right: to receive support by the organs of State power and bodies of local self-government, which is necessary for the preservation of national identity, the development of indigenous (native) language and national culture, strengthen the unity of the Russian nation, the harmonization of inter-ethnic relations, the promotion of inter-religious dialogue, as well as activities aimed at the social and cultural adaptation and integration of migrants; (As amended by the Federal law of 04.11.2014 N 336-FZ), contact the legislative (representative) and executive bodies of local self-government, introducing their national and cultural interests;
create media in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, to receive and impart information in the national language (native);
preserve and enrich the historical and cultural heritage, have free access to the national cultural values;
follow national traditions and customs, to revive and develop artistic folk crafts;
to establish private educational institutions and scientific organizations, cultural institutions and ensure that they are functioning in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) to participate, through their authorized representatives in the activities of international non-governmental organizations;
set on the basis of the legislation of the Russian Federation and maintain, without any discrimination, humanitarian contacts with citizens, public organizations of foreign States.
Federal laws, constitutions (statutes), laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation national-cultural autonomy may be granted and any other rights in the sphere of education and culture.

Participation or non-participation in the activities of national cultural autonomy did not justify the restriction of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation, as well as ethnic affiliation may not serve as grounds for restricting their participation or non-participation in the activities of national cultural autonomy.
The right to national and cultural autonomy is not right on the national-territorial self-determination.
The realization of the right to national and cultural autonomy should not be to the detriment of other ethnic communities.
CHAPTER II. THE SYSTEM OF AUTONOMOUS ETHNIC CULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS.
ESTABLISHMENT and registration of national cultural autonomy, Article 5. Institutional framework of national cultural autonomy to the institutional framework of national cultural autonomy vary resettlement of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to specific ethnic communities, and the statutes of the national-cultural autonomous entities.
National-cultural autonomy can be local, regional, Federal. (As amended by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ) Local national-cultural autonomy of citizens of the Russian Federation who consider themselves ethnic community may form regional national cultural autonomy of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to a particular ethnic community. (As amended by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ) Regional national cultural autonomy of two or more constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish inter-regional coordination of its activities. Such bodies are not national-cultural autonomies interregional. (As amended by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ) Federal national-cultural autonomy of citizens of the Russian Federation who consider themselves a particular ethnic community, established no less than half of the registered regional national cultural autonomous entities of the Russian Federation citizens who identify themselves as belonging to a particular ethnic community. (As amended by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ) Federal, regional, national and cultural autonomy of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to certain ethnic communities with relevant Republic or autonomous region, autonomous region, and State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may coordinate their activities, to participate in the development of federal and regional programmes in the field of preservation and development of national (native) languages and national culture on the basis of mutual agreements and contracts of Federal regional, national-cultural autonomies and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 6. The procedure of formation, State registration, reorganization and (or) Elimination of national cultural autonomy, Education, State registration, reorganization and (or) Elimination of national cultural autonomy, implemented in the manner prescribed by this federal law, the Federal law of May 19, 1995 N 82-FZ "on public associations" and other federal laws.
Local national-cultural autonomy is established at the general meeting (gathering) of citizens of the Russian Federation, involving themselves in a particular ethnic community and resident in the territory of the municipality. The founders of the local national-cultural autonomy together with the citizens of the Russian Federation may make registered public associations of citizens of the Russian Federation who consider themselves a particular ethnic community, acting on the territory of the municipality.
Delegates of local national-cultural autonomous entities of the Russian Federation citizens who consider themselves a particular ethnic community, the Conference (Congress) may establish a regional national and cultural autonomy within the Russian Federation.
Delegates of the regional national cultural autonomous entities of the Russian Federation citizens who consider themselves a particular ethnic community, the Congress may establish a federal national-cultural autonomy.
National-cultural autonomy form a governing and control and auditing bodies. The procedure for the formation, functions, and names of such bodies are determined by the Charter of the national-cultural autonomy in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The procedure for admission to membership in the national-cultural autonomy is determined by the Charter of the respective national-cultural autonomy.
State registration of local, regional and federal national-cultural autonomies is made in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

For State registration of national cultural autonomy, among other documents must be submitted with documents proving that not less than three months before the founding Conference (Congress) Federal or regional national cultural autonomy and not less than one month before the constituent Assembly (gathering) of the local national-cultural autonomy were made about the upcoming establishment of the national-cultural autonomy in the media, whose products are distributed in the territory concerned.
The Federal Executive Body in the field of State registration of the registry conducts national-cultural autonomous entities. Register of national cultural autonomies is open to public inspection. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law of 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ) Article 7. Advisory Councils for national-cultural autonomous entities (as amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ), the Government of the Russian Federation defines the federal body of executive power, which creates an Advisory Council on national cultural autonomous entities, operating on a voluntary basis. (As amended by the Federal law dated 30.11.2005 N 146-FZ) Advisory Council on national cultural autonomy: (as amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) carries out activities of national-cultural autonomous entities, contributes to the establishment and strengthening of relationships between them;
represents and protects the organs of State power of the Russian Federation cultural and social interests of ethnic communities who are in a situation of national minorities in the territory concerned; (As amended by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ) participates in the preparation of programmes in the field of preservation and development of national (native) languages and national culture, drafts of regulatory legal acts, as well as in the preparation of other decisions affecting the rights and legitimate interests of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to certain ethnic communities in a situation of national minorities in the territory concerned; (As amended by the federal laws of 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) advises the Government of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power on national issues of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to certain ethnic communities in a situation of national minorities in the territory concerned. (As amended by federal law from 10.11.2003 N 136-FZ), the Advisory Council on national cultural autonomies composed of delegated for a definite term of representatives of each of the Federal national-cultural autonomy. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ)
(Part four of lapsed federal law from 29.06.2004 N 58-FZ) to executive power bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation can be created advisory boards or other consultative bodies on national cultural autonomies. The procedure for the formation, operation and liquidation of these bodies is determined by executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
When local government relevant municipalities can be created advisory boards or other consultative bodies on national cultural autonomies. The procedure for the formation, operation and liquidation of these bodies is set regulations of municipalities.
CHAPTER III. The RIGHT to preservation, development and USE of NATIONAL (NATIVE) language Article 8. State protection of national (native) languages of the Russian Federation provides social, economic and legal protection of national (native) languages spoken on the territory of the Russian Federation.
The right of citizens of the Russian Federation for the conservation, the development of national (native) language, freedom of choice and use of language for communication, education and training is established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws, constitutions (charters) and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, this federal law.
Article 9. The right to preservation and development of national (native) language of the governmental bodies of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall ensure implementation of the State policy aimed at the preservation and development of national (native) languages;
provide organizational and other support for national-cultural avtonomijam in the formulation and implementation of State programs in the field of preservation and development of national (native) languages. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation can contribute to national-cultural avtonomijam in: (as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)

publication of books, periodicals, broadcasting organization, creating media in both Russian and national (native) languages;
Exchange of television and radio programs, audio and video materials, printed products on the national (native) languages among the subjects of the Russian Federation, as well as between the Russian Federation and foreign States.
Article 10. The right to receive basic general education at the national (native) language and to choose the language of education and training of citizens of the Russian Federation, assign themselves to specific ethnic communities, have the right to receive basic general education at the national (native) language and to choose the language of education and training within the framework of the possibilities offered by the educational system in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Provision of national-cultural autonomous entities the right to choose the language of education and training and to receive basic general education in the national language (native) in order to ensure the right to choose the language of education and training and to receive basic general education in the national language (native) national-cultural autonomy can: create private preschool educational organizations or groups of such organizations, training and education in the national language (native);
to establish private educational institutions, private professional educational organizations and private educational organizations of higher education, which is carried out at the national (native) language;
establish other private educational institutions, which are implemented nationally (native) language;
participate in the development of educational programmes and educational organizations, created the national-cultural autonomies, to publish textbooks, manuals and other educational literature, necessary to ensure the right to education in the national language (native);
make proposals to the federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, municipalities, local government urban districts on creating classes, study groups in State and municipal educational organizations, which are implemented nationally (native) language, as well as State and municipal educational institutions, which are training in the official language of the Russian Federation and an in-depth study of national (native) language , national history and culture;
participate in accordance with the law on education in the Federal State educational standards, Federal State requirements, as well as the approximate basic educational programmes at the national (native) language and other languages;
training and additional professional education of pedagogical and other employees for private educational institutions;
to conclude agreements with non-governmental organizations outside the Russian Federation to establish conditions for the realization of the right to education in the national language (native), in particular agreements on training teachers to provide teaching materials, textbooks and teaching aids, fiction books and audio-visual education at the national (native) language;
carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation other activities to ensure the right to choose the language of education and training and to education in the national language (native).
Private educational organizations engaged in training at the national (native) language, provide learning the State language of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and federal State educational standards, as well as the national languages of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of these constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 02.07.2013 g. N 185-FZ) Article 12. Provision of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation the right to receive basic general education at the national (native) language to choose the language of education and training of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, constituent entities of the Russian Federation Law on languages of peoples of the Russian Federation, the Education Act and this federal law:

provide, where needed, establishing groups in public and municipal pre-school educational organizations, classes or study groups in State and municipal general educational organizations with national (native) language; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ), taking into account the proposals of the national-cultural autonomies and specific conditions of the region pose a public educational organizations with national language (native), in Russian with in-depth study of national (native) language, national history and culture, as well as the Organization of additional education (Sunday school, electives, cultural and educational centres and other educational institutions) to study and propaganda of national (native) languages and national cultures; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) promote the development, production and acquisition of educational programs, textbooks, manuals and other educational material necessary for teaching in the national language (native); (As amended by the Federal law of 01.12.2007 N 309-FZ) provide funding to activities aimed at ensuring the right to education in the national language (native) in State and municipal educational organizations, through appropriate budgetary and extrabudgetary allotments within the funds allocated to education; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FL) arranges mainly on the recommendation of the national-cultural autonomies preparation, additional professional education of pedagogical and other employees for organizations conducting educational activities at the national (native) language, other languages, including on the basis of agreements between the Russian Federation and international agreements;
provide material, legal, organizational and other support to national-cultural avtonomijam in establishing private educational organizations, and the development of other forms of education and training at the national (native) language. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ), chap. IV. The RIGHT to preserve and develop the NATIONAL CULTURE Article 13. Provision of national-cultural autonomous entities the right to preserve and develop the national culture in order to ensure the right of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to certain ethnic communities to preserve and develop the national culture national-cultural autonomy can create non-State (public) institutions of national culture: theatres, cultural centres, museums, libraries, clubs, studios, archives and other cultural institutions and ensure their functioning;
organize creative unions, professional and amateur art, mugs for the study of national cultural heritage, national cultural achievements;
carry out mass activities in the area of national culture: festivals, competitions, shows, exhibitions and other events;
facilitate the Organization of national and local lore, preservation of national historical and cultural monuments; create regional, ethnographic and other public museums;
establish organizations dealing with artistic handicrafts and handicrafts;
to publish the works of historical, artistic, musical, folkloric, ethnographic literature on national (native) and other languages;
to establish private educational institutions in the field of training of the national culture; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) develop and submit to the relevant bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government proposals on the preservation and development of national culture;
to conclude agreements with non-governmental organizations outside the Russian Federation, on cultural exchange and cooperation in the field of preservation of national culture.
Article 14. Provision of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation the right to preserve and develop the national culture of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on culture and the present Federal law: take into account in the formulation and implementation of regional programmes and national-cultural development offers national-cultural autonomous entities; (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) consider the proposals of the national-cultural autonomous entities, the inclusion in the State educational standards for educational organizations that implement educational programmes at national level (native) language courses on history, culture, ethnography, traditional forms of work, artistic crafts and craft and take appropriate decisions; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ)

direct the activities of State and municipal cultural institutions on the satisfaction of national and cultural needs;
organizing in the public and municipal archives relevant sections on culture, history, social life of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to certain ethnic communities;
assist national-cultural avtonomijam in creating non-State (public) institutions of national culture, private educational organizations on the preparation of artists and other professionals for various mass events in the area of national culture; (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) shall ensure the preservation of the monuments of history and culture, of value to citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to specific ethnic communities, and which are part of the cultural heritage of the Russian Federation;
carry out other activities to create conditions for the preservation, revival and development of national culture, the realization of cultural rights of citizens of the Russian Federation who identify themselves as belonging to certain ethnic communities.
Article 15. Ensuring public authorities the rights of autonomous ethnic cultural autonomies on the coverage of their activities in the media Public audio-visual media provide national-cultural avtonomijam airtime. Frequency, duration of transmission and the language in which the transfer is underway, are determined by the agreements with the founders and editors of tv and radio programs.
Governmental bodies of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to support and encourage the non-State media, donating national-cultural avtonomijam the ability to illuminate their activities.
(Part three of lapsed federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) of subjects of the Russian Federation programmes financial and institutional support for media assistance may be provided to the media of national-cultural autonomies. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), chapter v. financial and ECONOMIC BASIS of national-cultural autonomy Article 16. Funding and support for activities related to the implementation of the rights of national-cultural autonomous entities financing of activities related to the implementation of the rights of national-cultural autonomous entities, is financed from the national-cultural autonomies, their institutions and organizations, individuals, as well as from other sources not prohibited by the law.
Federal bodies of executive power may support the Federal national-cultural avtonomijam at the expense of the federal budget in accordance with the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation are supporting regional and local national-cultural avtonomijam at the expense of the budget of the Russian Federation (except for the subventions provided from the federal budget).
Bodies of local self-government in accordance with the municipal legal acts may support local ethno-cultural avtonomijam at the expense of the local budget (excluding subventions provided from the federal budget and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation).
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 09.02.2009 N 11-FZ) Article 17. Ownership of national-cultural autonomous entities national-cultural autonomy have ownership in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 18. The property of the national-cultural autonomous entities, federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government can transmit national-cultural avtonomijam their non-profit institutions and organizations of State and municipal property ownership or lease in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
For the implementation of the goals and activities of the national-cultural autonomy, their non-profit institutions and organizations can use the premises passed to them on the terms of the lease.
Rental fees for national cultural autonomies, their non-profit institutions and organizations shall be determined in accordance with the procedure established for non-profit cultural and educational organizations on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, other federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. (Repealed-the Federal law dated 09.02.2009 N 14-FZ), Article 20. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), CHAP. VI. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 21. On the entry into force of this federal law

This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N June 17, 1996 74-ФЗ