On Higher And Postgraduate Vocational Education

Original Language Title: О высшем и послевузовском профессиональном образовании

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On Top and Postgraduate Professional Education Adopted by the State Duma on July 19, 1996 1996 Chapter I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education 1. The legal regulation of relations in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education is carried out by the present Federal Law, other laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as by laws and other regulations. by the normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 2. If an international treaty to which the Russian Federation is a party establishes rules other than those provided for by this Federal Act, the rules of the international treaty shall apply. Article 2: State policy and State guarantees of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education 1. State policy in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education is based on the principles defined by the Russian Federation Act "On education", as well as on the following principles: 1) the sovereignty of the rights of the subjects of the Russian Federation in determining their own policy in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education in the part National-regional components of public education standards; 2) continuity and continuity of the education process; 3) integration of the system of higher and postgraduate professional education of the Russian Federation while preserving and developing the achievements and traditions of the Russian Federation higher education in the world higher education system; (4) contestability and transparency in determining priority areas for the development of science, technology, technology, as well as training, retraining and advanced training workers; 5) State support for training specialists, priority areas of fundamental and applied scientific research in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education. 2. The institutional framework for State policy in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education is the Federal Programme for the Development of Education in the part corresponding to higher and postgraduate vocational education. 3. The State gives priority to the development of higher and postgraduate vocational education by: 1) funding from the federal budget of state higher education institutions Vocational training (hereinafter referred to as higher education). At the same time, less than three per cent of the federal budget expenditure, which provides funding for the education of at least one hundred and seventy students at the State institutions of higher education, cannot be allocated for that purpose. Every ten thousand people living in the Russian Federation; (2) increasing the access of citizens of the Russian Federation to higher education, preventing the reduction in the number of students studying at the expense of the federal budget; 3) granting tax incentives to higher education institutions; and educational institutions of the relevant additional education, as well as organizations that make up for the development of higher and postgraduate vocational education; 4) providing students (students, graduate students, to doctoral students and other categories of students) in the state system of higher and postgraduate professional education of state scholarships, places in dormitories, allowances and benefits, including for food and transport, in accordance with under the present Federal Law; 5) creating conditions for equal access to higher and postgraduate vocational education; 6) promoting the establishment and functioning of non-State higher education institutions. 4. Citizens of the Russian Federation shall be guaranteed, on a competitive basis, free higher and postgraduate vocational education in State and municipal higher educational establishments within the limits of State educational establishments. standards, if the level of education is first received by a citizen. 5. Citizens of the Russian Federation are guaranteed the freedom to choose the form of the higher and postgraduate vocational education, the educational institution and the direction of training (speciality). Restrictions on the rights of citizens to obtain higher and postgraduate professional education can only be established by federal law only to the extent necessary for the protection of morality, health, rights and the legitimate interests of other persons, the defence of the country and the security of the State. Article 3. Autonomy of higher educational institutions and academic freedoms 1. The autonomy of the higher education institution is understood to mean its independence in the selection and placement of staff, the implementation of educational, scientific, financial and economic activities and other activities in accordance with the law and the charter of higher education. establishments approved in accordance with the procedure established by law. 2. The higher education institution is responsible for its activities before the individual, society and the State. The founder (founders) of the higher educational institution and the State organ of the administration of education shall be responsible for the control of the activities of the higher educational institution in accordance with its charter. The licence to conduct educational activities (hereinafter referred to as the licence). 3. Academic freedoms, including the freedom of the teaching staff of the higher education institution, are provided to teaching staff from among faculty members, researchers and students of higher education to choose subjects for scientific research and to conduct them in their own way, and the freedom of the student to acquire knowledge according to his/her propensity and needs. The academic freedoms granted entail academic responsibility for the creation of the best conditions for the free search for the truth, its free presentation and dissemination. Chapter II: THE CALLING SYSTEM AND SOUND EDUCATION PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION Article 4. The structure of the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education Structure of the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education is the sum of: State educational institutions Higher and postgraduate professional education and post-graduate vocational training programmes; licensed higher educational institutions and educational institutions Secondary vocational education independent of their organizational and legal forms; scientific, project, production, clinical, preventive, pharmaceutical, cultural and educational enterprises, institutions and organizations conducting scientific research and To ensure the functioning and development of higher and postgraduate vocational training; governing bodies of higher and postgraduate vocational education, as well as of their enterprises, institutions and organizations; public and State and public associations (creative unions, professional associations, societies, scientific and methodological councils and other associations). Article 5. State educational standards of higher and postgraduate professional education and educational programs higher and postgraduate professional education 1. State educational standards of higher and postgraduate vocational education are designed to provide: (1) quality of higher and post-graduate vocational education; 2) the unity of the education of the Russian Federation; 3) the basis for an objective evaluation of the activities of educational institutions implementing higher and postgraduate vocational education programmes; 4) equivalence of foreign documents States on higher and postgraduate vocational training. 2. State educational standards for higher and postgraduate vocational training are made up of federal and national-regional components. Federal components of state educational standards of higher and postgraduate professional education include: 1) general requirements for major educational programs of higher and postgraduate vocational training; (2) requirements for the compulsory minimum content of the main educational programs of higher and postgraduate vocational education, to the conditions of their realization, including the educational and production facilities and final evaluation of graduates, level of training graduates in each direction of training (speciality); 3) the time frame for the development of basic educational programs of higher and postgraduate vocational education in state and municipal educational institutions, not contradicts the deadlines set by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the (or) provisions on higher educational institutions of the respective types; 4) the maximum amount of the educational load of trainees. National-regional components of state educational standards of higher and postgraduate vocational education reflect national-regional peculiarities of training of specialists in relevant areas Training (specializations). 3. The procedure for developing, approving and enacting State educational standards for higher and postgraduate vocational education in the part not regulated by this Federal Law is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4. The content of the national-regional components of state educational standards of higher and postgraduate vocational education is determined by the higher educational institution on its own, if they are financed by the higher educational institution The Russian Federation is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. 5. The main educational programs of higher and postgraduate vocational education are developed by the federal (central) educational management bodies and the departmental public administration of education and in part, out of the relevant State educational standards, perform the functions of exemplary educational programmes of higher and postgraduate vocational education. 6. The list of training courses (specialties) of higher and postgraduate vocational training is established in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 6. Higher vocational training, deadlines and forms of training 1. The main educational programmes of higher vocational education can be implemented continuously and by step. 2. In the Russian Federation, the following higher vocational education stages are established: higher professional education, as confirmed by the assignment of a successful final attestation, qualification (degree) of "baccalauer"; higher professional education, confirmed by the assignment of a person who has successfully completed the final certification, qualification of "qualified"; higher professional education, as confirmed by the attribution of the person, successfully completed final certification, qualification (degrees) "Master". 3. The education of those who have not completed the basic education programme of higher vocational education, but successfully passed intermediate certification (not less than two years of schooling), is recognized as being incomplete in higher professional qualifications (a) The establishment of a diploma course. Persons who have failed to complete the main educational program of higher vocational education are issued with an academic certificate of the installed sample. 4. The time frame for the master's higher vocational education programmes is: for qualification (degree) "Baccalaute" for at least four years; for qualification " Professional "not less than five years, except in cases provided for by the relevant State educational standards; for qualification (degree)" master " for not less than six years. 5. Persons who have received documents from the State model of higher vocational education at a certain level are entitled, in accordance with the training course (speciality), to continue their studies in the higher education programme. Vocational education at the next level. 6. For the first time, the acquisition of higher vocational education in higher vocational education is not regarded as a second higher vocational education. 7. The education programme of the higher vocational education in the higher educational institution, which is accredited by the State, is the basis for teaching them in the State, municipal organization a certain position, salary and allowances. For those who have completed the higher medical and higher pharmaceutical education programmes, the basis for these positions is the primary annual post-graduate training (internship), which is confirmed by the certificates the installed sample. "Baccalauer" in the event of employment gives a citizen the right to hold a job for which higher professional education is required. The positions of State and municipal employees are carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the relevant federal law. 8. The main educational programs of higher vocational education can be taught in different forms depending on the amount of compulsory classes of teaching staff of the higher educational institution with students: Correspondence (evening), correspondence, in the form of externate. A combination of different forms of higher vocational education is permitted. The list of training courses (specialties) for which higher professional education in correspondence (evening), correspondence courses or in the form of externalities is not permitted, is established by the Government of the Russian Federation. 9. Extrat-self study of study subjects according to the main educational program of higher vocational education in the chosen direction of training (speciality) with subsequent certification (current and final) in higher vocational education educational institution. The Federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education is approved by the Federal (State) Regulation. 10. Persons who are studying in the non-state accreditation of higher educational institutions or have successfully completed them are entitled to the current and final State certification in higher education institutions with State accreditation on conditions Exterior. Article 7. Documents on Top and Postgraduate Professional Education 1. Those who have completed the education programmes of higher and postgraduate vocational education and have completed their final evaluation are issued with documents on the relevant education. 2. The higher educational institution, which has State accreditation, issues documents to the graduates of the State model on the relevant entity with the official symbols of the Russian Federation. The form of the document of the state model is approved by the federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education. 3. The following types of documents are identified which certify completion of higher vocational education at various levels: Bachelor's degree; Diploma in higher professional education; Master's degree; diploma in higher professional education (in accordance with article 6, paragraph 3); of the established model on non-completed higher vocational training. 4. The decision of the State Qualification Commission on the assignment of qualifications (degrees) and the issuance of a State model document on higher vocational education may be abolished by the public administration of education, In the case of a violation of the established procedure for the issuance of documents of the State model on higher vocational education, the State certificate committee approved the Chairman of the State Certification Commission. 5. According to the results of the defense of the thesis, the diploma of a candidate of sciences or a diploma of doctoral degree is issued in the prescribed manner. Article 8. Higher educational institution, its tasks and structure 1. The higher educational institution is an educational institution established and operating under the legislation of the Russian Federation on education, which has the status of a legal entity and is implementing, in accordance with the licence, educational establishments. Higher vocational training programmes. 2. The main objectives of the higher education institution are: 1) to meet the intellectual, cultural and moral needs of the individual through the acquisition of higher and (or) post-graduate vocational training; 2) the development of sciences and arts through scientific research and creative activity of scientific and pedagogical workers and students, use of the results in the educational process; 3) training, Retraining and upgrading the qualifications of employees with higher education and (c) Formation of students ' civic position, ability to work and life in modern civilization and democracy; 5) preserving and multiplying moral, cultural and scientific values of society; 6) dissemination of knowledge among the population, increasing its educational and cultural level. 3. Higher education institutions are independent in the formation of their structure, with the exception of their branches. The structural subdivisions of the higher education institution may be entrusted with the power of attorney, in whole or in part, by the legal person in the manner prescribed by the statute of the higher educational institution. The status and functions of the structural subdivision of the higher education institution are determined by the regulation approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in the charter of the higher educational institution. The structural subdivisions of higher education can implement general, basic, secondary (full) general, primary and secondary vocational education, and Also, the educational programmes of supplementary education, if they are licensed by the higher educational institution. The branches of higher education institutions are separate structural units located outside of its location. Branches of State and municipal higher education institutions are established by the founder (founders) in agreement with the federal (central) body for the management of higher professional education, by the relevant bodies OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Model provision (provision) on branches of state and municipal higher education institutions and their organization are developed and approved by the federal (central) body for the management of higher professional education, respectively. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Branches of higher education institutions undergo licensing and certification independently, and state accreditation is part of the higher educational institution. Article 9. Types and names of higher educational establishments 1. In the Russian Federation, the following types of institutions of higher education are established: university, academy, institute. 2. The University is a higher educational institution, which: implements higher and postgraduate education programmes on a wide range of training courses (specializations); Retraining and (or) upgrading the qualifications of employees of higher qualification, scientific and pedagogical workers; performs basic and applied scientific research on a wide range of sciences; is the lead Scientific and methodological centre in the fields of its activities. 3. The Academy is the higher educational institution which: implements higher and postgraduate education programs; provides training, retraining and (or) advanced training of employees Higher qualification for a certain area of scientific and scientific-pedagogical activity; performs basic and applied scientific research predominantly in one of the fields of science or culture; is the moderator Scientific and methodological centre in the field of its activities. 4. The Institute is a higher educational institution, which: implements higher vocational education programs, as well as educational programs of post-graduate professional education; provides training, retraining, and (or) upgrading the skills of employees for a particular area of professional activity; conducts fundamental and/or applied scientific research. 5. The status of the higher education institution is determined by its type, organizational and legal form, presence or absence of State accreditation. The status of the higher education institution is included in its name. 6. The name of the institution of higher education shall be established at the time of establishment and shall be subject to compulsory amendment when its status is changed. In the case of a special name (conservatory, higher school and other names) in the name of the higher education institution, the type of higher educational institution is indicated. Article 10. The procedure for creating and reorganizing higher education establishments, licensing their activities and accreditation 1. The higher educational institution shall be established and reorganized by the founder (founders) in accordance with its decision or with the terms of the constituent treaty and registered in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. General issues of establishment and reorganization of higher education are regulated by the Russian Federation Law "On Education". Only the Government of the Russian Federation may have higher education institutions that implement military vocational training programmes (military schools). 2. The State higher educational establishments under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation shall be established and reorganized by the Government of the Russian Federation in consultation with the legislative and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. State higher education institutions under the jurisdiction of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are established and reorganized by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in consultation with the federal (central) body Management of higher vocational education. Municipal institutions of higher education shall be established and reorganized by the respective local authorities. 3. The right of a legal person in the conduct of financial and economic activities provided for by the statute arises at the higher educational institution from the moment of its state registration. The right to carry out educational programmes of higher and postgraduate vocational education and on the benefits provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation arises from the time when the licence is granted to it. 4. Licences to conduct educational activities in higher and postgraduate vocational education programmes are issued by the federal (central) body for the management of higher professional education on the basis of opinions expert panel. The subject and contents of the examination are the establishment of compliance with the conditions of the educational process offered by the higher educational institution, the requirements of the State authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies Local self-governance with regard to educational facilities, sanitary and hygienic standards, health care for students and employees of educational institutions, equipment of educational premises, equipment of the educational process and educational qualifications Teachers training. Licensing of higher education in the new directions (specializations) is made on general grounds, irrespective of whether the higher education institution is licensed. Licence to conduct educational activities on military vocational training programs is issued only to state higher educational establishments in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Licences to higher education institutions, irrespective of their organizational and legal form, except for the educational institutions of supplementary education, may be granted only if they have an owner's rights, operational status Management, rental or self-management of the necessary training and material base. 5. The right to issue documents of the state university on higher and postgraduate professional education appears at the higher educational institution from the moment of its state accreditation by the federal (central) body of management of higher education Professional education resulting from the certification of the higher education institution. 6. Certification of the higher education institution is carried out by the State certification service at the request of the higher educational institution or at the initiative of the federal (central) body of management of higher vocational education, the federal authorities of the executive branch, the local self-government bodies responsible for the higher education institution. The purpose and content of the certification is to ensure that the content, level and quality of the higher education graduates meet the requirements of State educational standards for higher professional education in training (specializations). The Government of the Russian Federation determines the criteria for the performance of the certification service. 7. State accreditation of the higher educational institution shall be carried out on the basis of certification in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. The certificate of state accreditation establishes (confirms for the next term) the status of the higher educational institution, the list of training areas (specialties) that have passed the state accreditation and for which the higher education institution The institution has the right to provide graduates with a State model of higher vocational education, as well as higher vocational education and qualification (degrees). 8. Higher education institutions can receive public accreditation. Public accreditation is the recognition of the level of activity of the higher educational institution which meets the criteria and requirements of the relevant public educational, professional, scientific and industrial organizations. Public accreditation shall not entail financial or other obligations on the part of the State. Article 11. Admission to higher education and training of specialists with higher and postgraduate studies professional education 1. Admission to higher education is subject to the application of persons who have a secondary (full) general or secondary vocational education, on a competitive basis, on the basis of the results of the introduction, except in the cases provided for by law OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The procedure for the admission of citizens to higher educational establishments in the part not regulated by this Federal Act is determined by the founder (s) of the higher educational institution. The conditions of the competition shall guarantee the rights of citizens in the field of education and ensure the enrolment of citizens who are most able and prepared to develop educational programmes at the appropriate levels and (or) stages. The higher education institution is entitled to grant a public order only if a licence is available. The higher education institution is obliged to familiarize the applicants with the license, as well as with the certificate of state accreditation for each of the training areas (speciality), which gives the right to issue a document of the state Higher vocational education. Introduction of the applicant with the certificate of state accreditation for the chosen training (speciality) or the fact that the certificate is not available shall be recorded in the reception documents and shall be certified by the applicant's personal signature. 2. The training courses (specialties) are determined by the licence. The content of the educational process in each training course (speciality), the time frame for the development of the educational program of higher or postgraduate vocational education is determined by the higher educational institution in accordance with OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The total number of students enrolled in the federal budget and the structure of their reception is established annually by the federal (central) body for the management of higher professional education in accordance with by the standards set by this Federal Law. The number of students enrolled in the federal budget and the structure of their admission to higher education institutions under the federal executive authority are established by them each year Federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education. 3. Persons who have completed the educational institutions of secondary (full) general or elementary vocational education, who have State accreditation, as well as those who have graduated from the educational institutions of secondary education Vocational education, which is accredited by the State, is accepted at the higher educational institution based on the results of the interview, with the exception of the introductory tests of the professional orientation that may be established by the higher education authorities. by an educational institution. These persons who have not been interviewed are given the right to make entrance tests on common grounds. Out of the competition, subject to the success of the entry tests, the children who are orphans and children deprived of parental care, disabled persons I and II are accepted into higher education institutions and are accepted by the medical team The commissions do not oppose the teaching of higher educational establishments, as well as the citizens of other categories provided for by law. 4. Citizens of the Russian Federation with higher professional education shall be accepted for postgraduate studies in institutions of higher education, academic institutions or organizations on a competitive basis, in accordance with this Federal Law. Post-graduate studies at these institutions and organizations can be carried out in person or in absentia. Postgraduate studies in State and municipal higher education institutions may not be more than three years in absentia or four years in absentia. 5. The doctorate of higher educational establishments, scientific institutions or organizations shall be made by citizens of the Russian Federation with a PhD degree. The term of office of the doctorate in these institutions or organizations may not exceed three years. 6. The number of foreign nationals to graduate and doctoral studies at higher educational institutions, scientific institutions or organizations is carried out in accordance with the international agreements of the Russian Federation and the intergovernmental agreements of the Russian Federation, as well as in the manner provided for in article 29, paragraph 2, of this Federal Act. The Reception of Persons without Citizenship in postgraduate and doctoral studies at higher educational establishments, scientific institutions or organizations shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. 7. For those who have a secondary vocational education, the higher education council is allowed to receive higher vocational education, either reduced or accelerated, by decision of the higher educational institution. Higher vocational education. Education at the higher education institution, either abbreviation or shortened, is also allowed for persons whose educational level or abilities are sufficient grounds. The decision on the training of persons under this programme is taken by the academic councils of higher education institutions. 8. The higher education institution creates the necessary conditions for obtaining quality education. It is prohibited to use inhuman as well as life-threatening learning methods. 9. The training and production practices of the State educational standards for higher and postgraduate vocational education are carried out on the basis of agreements between higher educational institutions and enterprises, institutions and organizations under which these enterprises, institutions and organizations, regardless of their organizational and legal form, are obliged to provide places for the practice of students of higher educational institutions State accreditation and financed by means of appropriate budget. 10. The requirements for State final evaluation (final work, State examinations, dissertations) are determined by the State educational standards of higher and postgraduate vocational education. The implementation of these requirements is monitored in accordance with the procedure established by law. Article 12. Management of higher education institution 1. The higher education institution is administered in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, the model provision on higher vocational education (higher educational institution) and the charter of higher education The institutions are based on the principles of a combination of unity of command and collegiality. The charter of the higher education institution is adopted by the general meeting (conference) of teaching staff, academics, as well as representatives of other categories of workers and students of higher education (hereinafter referred to as the general meeting) (conference). Military educational establishments conduct their activities in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The general direction of the State or municipal higher educational institution is exercised by an elected representative body, a scientific council. The board of scientists includes the rector, who is the chairman of the scientific council, and vice-rectors. Other members of the Scientific Council shall be elected by the General Assembly (Conference) by secret ballot. The constitution of the higher educational institution, on the basis of the model provision on the educational establishment of higher vocational education (higher educational institution), determines the composition, powers, procedure of elections and the activities of the scientific council. The Charter of the higher education institutions may provide for the establishment of board of trusty boards. 3. Direct management of the higher educational institution is carried out by the Rector. The Rector of a State or municipal higher educational institution, in accordance with the procedure established by the statute of the higher educational institution, shall be elected by secret ballot at a general meeting (conference) for a term of up to five years and shall be approved by the body Education management, which is administered by a higher educational institution. In the case of a motivated refusal by an education authority to approve a candidate for the post of rector of a state or municipal higher educational institution, new elections shall be held, if the candidate is The post of Rector shall recruit at least two thirds of the total number of participants in the general meeting (conference), and is approved by the education management body. In the event that a public or municipal higher education institution is generally deprived of State accreditation based on the results of certification, the rector of the higher education institution and those responsible within its competence for quality The training of graduates is dismissed by the education management body, which is responsible for the higher education institution. The election of the rector of the higher education institution is not permitted in this case, and it is accepted by the appropriate body for the management of education under the employment contract (contract) for a period of not more than five years. The founder (s) of the higher education institution or the founding member (founders) of the educational administration shall, upon presentation of the rector of the higher education institution, approve the new composition of the scientific council. After re-certification of the higher education institution (but not earlier than one year from the date of the withdrawal of the State accreditation) and the renewal of State accreditation in the higher education institution, the academic council is again elected The Act of the United States of the Russian Federation. In the state or municipal higher education institution being created or reorganized, prior to the formation of a scientific council, the charter of the state or municipal higher educational institution is approved by the state administration for a period of no more than one year. The rector of such higher education is a contract of employment (contract) for the same period. Article 13. Research and other organizations and institutions in higher and postgraduate vocational training In higher and postgraduate vocational education, according to The legislation of the Russian Federation may create and operate research and project institutes, design bureks, factories, factories, firms, educational establishments, and the clinical bases of educational establishments Education, experienced stations and other organizations and institutions, The activities of which are linked to and directed towards education. Article 14. Associations of legal entities (associations, unions) in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education 1. Educational institutions of higher vocational education, regardless of their organizational and legal forms, and other organizations and institutions operating in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education, have the right to establish and join the educational system. Associations of legal persons (associations, unions) that may have the rights of legal persons and act on the basis of their charters or, other than legal persons, to act on the basis of agreements on joint activities. Associations of legal persons (associations, unions) in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education are not-for-profit organizations, are established and operate in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The name of the association of legal persons (associations, unions) should indicate the nature of the activities of its members and include the words "association", "association" or "union". 2. Activities of the association of legal persons (associations, unions) in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational training, as well as the activities of its participants (if they have not formed legal entities and operate under the joint contracts activities) for the sale of goods, works and services are only relevant to the entrepreneurial activity in the part where the income derived from these activities is not reinvested in the immediate needs of the higher education institutions participating in the of the association (association, union). 3. Associations of legal persons (associations, unions) in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education, with the status of legal persons and licenses, are entitled to tax benefits provided for in educational institutions by the Law The Russian Federation "On Education". 4. The association of legal persons (association, union) in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the constituent documents of the association (Associations, unions). Article 15. Social organizations and public- public associations in higher and postgraduate vocational training 1. Public organizations and public and public associations in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education act in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The interests of higher educational institutions may be represented by public organizations of students. The specific relationship between the administration of the higher educational institution and the public organizations of the students is determined by the charter of the higher educational institution and the agreement between its administration and the social organization of the students. 3. The system of higher and postgraduate professional education may be created without the formation of legal entities of the State and public associations of the type of educational and methodological associations of higher educational institutions, scientific-methodical, Scientific, technical and other boards and commissions. 4. Public associations are established by the State educational authorities and operate in accordance with the regulations approved by these authorities. The model regulations on public associations are approved by the federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education. State and voluntary associations are voluntary associations of scientific and educational and other employees of higher educational institutions, employees of enterprises, institutions and organizations operating in the system of higher and postgraduate Vocational training. Public and voluntary associations may involve foreign nationals, stateless persons and foreign legal entities in their work in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 5. The State bodies of higher vocational education, the scientific councils of higher education institutions consider and take into account in their activities the recommendations of public organizations and public and public associations in the system Higher and postgraduate vocational training. 6. The state bodies of education management and the municipal authorities of education are entitled to support public organizations and public associations in the system of higher and postgraduate professional education. Education. 7. In order to facilitate the training of specialists with higher professional education, the development of scientific research, as well as the support of selected higher educational institutions, funds for the support and development of higher and postgraduate studies may be established. Professional education as non-not-for-profit organizations. The procedure for the establishment and status of these funds shall be determined by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. Chapter III: ACCOUNTING AND SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES IN THE SYSTEM EXPLORATION AND SOUTHERN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION, THEIR RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS Article 16. Students of higher educational establishments 1. A student of higher education is a person who is enrolled in a higher educational institution for study. A student ticket and an even book of an installed sample are issued free of charge to the higher education student. 2. In addition to the rights enshrined in the Russian Federation's Law On Education , students at higher education institutions have the right: 1) to choose Optional (elective) and elective (elective) courses offered by the Faculty and Department; 2) to participate in the formation of their content of education, subject to compliance State educational standards for higher professional education. This right may be restricted by the terms of a contract concluded between a student of a higher educational institution and a natural or legal person assisting him in obtaining an education and subsequent employment; 3) Develop, in addition to the courses of study chosen (specialties), any other subjects taught in this higher education institution, in the manner provided for by its statute, as well as those taught in other higher education institutions. (by agreement between their supervisors); 4) Participate in the discussion and resolution of critical issues of higher education, including through public organizations and institutions of higher education; 5) free of charge in public higher education establishments of libraries, information funds, educational, scientific, medical and other units of the higher educational institution in accordance with the procedure established by the charter of the higher educational institution; to participate in all forms of scientific research work, conferences, symposiums; 6) of their work for publication, including in higher educational establishments; 7) to appeal the orders and orders of the administration of the higher educational institution in accordance with the procedure established by the law of the Russian Federation; 8) To receive education in the military field in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation; 9) to transfer from fee-paying tuition to free in the manner prescribed by the charter of the higher educational institution. 3. Students of State, municipal higher education institutions studying full-time study (hereinafter referred to as students of full-time study) and receiving education from the corresponding budget are provided with scholarships in the amount of two-fold of the minimum wage established by the federal law. Scholarships for disabled students I and II, orphans, and children deprived of parental care are increased by 50 per cent. The procedure for the appointment and payment of scholarships is fixed by the Government of the Russian Federation. Students at higher educational establishments are entitled to receive scholarships awarded to legal entities or individuals who have sent them for training, as well as scholarships on the basis of the corresponding provision. The students in full-time education of state and municipal higher education institutions receive additional funds from the relevant budgets to provide assistance to needy students in the amount of 5 per cent of the scholarship programme The funds provided in accordance with the established procedure for the respective budgets and the additional funds of two months ' scholarship funds for the organization of cultural and physical education and recreation students, their spa treatment and rest. Students in full-time education of state and municipal higher education establishments receive a meal per person per calendar day at least two per cent of the federal law The minimum wage is given the right to free passage by rail once a year and back. Inout-of-town students in full-time study and post-graduate students of State and municipal higher education institutions (hereinafter referred to as post-graduate students) shall also be entitled to free travel by rail once a year by rail and by bus in the absence of rail transport, to undergraduate and graduate students permanently residing in the regions of the Far North and similar areas in Siberia and the Far East East,-air transport once a year and back. On medical grounds and in other exceptional cases, a higher education student is granted an academic leave in the manner prescribed by the federal (central) entity for the management of education. Student enrolment in higher education shall be granted a deference of military service for the duration of training in accordance with federal law. Students of higher education are entitled to free use of the services of State and municipal libraries, as well as free access to State and municipal museums. A total of not less than seven weeks ' vacation is established for full-time and part-time students (evening classes). Every student in need of living space shall be provided with adequate sanitary norms and regulations in a dormitory with the appropriate housing stock of the higher educational institution. The rate of boarding fees in the hostel, communal and domestic services for students from the respective budget may not exceed five per cent of the grant. If there are students in need of living space, it is not permitted to use the housing stock of dormitories in the higher educational institution (rental and other transactions), as well as the use is resulting in a decrease. With each student living in the dormitory, a contract is concluded, the model form of which is approved by the federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education. Other rights of students may be established by law and/or by the statute of the higher education institution. 4. The student has the right to be restored to a higher educational institution within five years of his or her expulsion by his or her own free will, or for a good reason, with the same basic education (free or fee-based), according to which he I was trained for the unenrollment. The charter of the higher education institution determines the order and conditions for the restoration of a student who is not justified in the higher education institution. 5. A student of higher education has the right to receive information from the administration of the higher educational institution on the employment situation of the population of the Russian Federation. 6. Students at higher education institutions are guaranteed the freedom to move to another higher educational institution in accordance with the procedure established by the Federal (Central) Education Administration. In the transition from one higher educational institution to another, all rights are reserved for the first time at the higher vocational education level. 7. Students of higher education receive moral and (or) material encouragement in accordance with the charter of the higher educational institution for their academic achievements and active participation in research. 8. Students of higher education institutions are obliged to master the knowledge, fulfill all types of tasks provided for in the curriculum and educational programs of higher vocational education in accordance with the specified deadlines, and comply with the charter of higher education of the institution, the rules of internal regulations and the rules of the dormitory. 9. The student may be subject to disciplinary measures for breach of the student's obligations under the statute of the higher education institution and the rules of its internal order, up to the deductions from the higher educational institution. The disciplinary penalty, including the deduction, may be imposed on the student of the higher education institution upon receipt of an explanation in writing. Disciplinary punishment shall be applied not later than one month from the date of the detection of the misconduct and not later than six months from the date of its occurrence, other than the time of the student's illness and (or) finding him on vacation. Students may not be paid during their illness, vacations, academic leave or maternity leave. 10. The status of a non-State higher educational institution in relation to academic rights and academic freedoms is equal to the status of a student at a State higher educational institution, except in the case of The right to a State scholarship. The statute of this higher educational institution determines the status of a non-State higher educational institution without State accreditation. Article 17. Concessions granted to persons who combine work at the higher educational institution with work 1. Persons successfully studying in the state accreditation of higher educational institutions, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms by correspondence and in absentia (evening) forms, are granted additional leave at the place of their work. Average annual leave (with the possibility of additional annual leave) for: set off and examinations in the first and second courses, respectively for a period of forty calendar days, respectively, by fifty calendar days; preparation and protection of a diploma project (work) with the pass of the state exams four months; passing a public examination for a period of one month. 2. Additional leave without pay at the place of work shall be granted to: persons admitted to university entrance tests, fifteen calendar days; at higher educational establishments to pass the final examinations fifteen calendar days; students of higher educational establishments of full-time study, which combine to study with work, to pass credits and examinations fifteen calendar days in the school year; for the preparation and protection of a diploma project (work) with surrender Four months of State examinations; one month for the State examinations. 3. Students who study in correspondence form in higher educational establishments, who have State accreditation, once in the school year, shall pay for the travel to and from the place of residence of the higher educational institution The Conference of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 4. A form of reference-a challenge that authorizes the provision of additional leave and other benefits related to higher education, which are subject to State accreditation, is approved by the federal (central) body Management of higher vocational education. 5. For employees of enterprises, institutions and organizations, regardless of their organizational and legal forms and forms of ownership that combine their studies in higher educational establishments with a work, collective agreement or contract of employment (contract) Provision is made for an increase in the duration of additional leave, the granting of leave with pay rather than leave without pay and other benefits. 6. Enterprises, institutions and organizations whose employees are trained in full-time and correspondence (evening) forms of instruction are exempted from taxes on the amount of funds spent on the trainees referred to in this article and article 19 of the present report. Federal law. 7. In the case of a student who combines study with work in two higher education institutions, the above benefits may only take place in one of these higher educational establishments (at the choice of the student). Article 18. Students of higher-and postgraduate professional education 1. Students of institutions of higher and postgraduate vocational education are students in: higher education institutions in preparatory departments, faculties (in other structural units) Qualifications and retraining of employees; other higher education institution, if they simultaneously receive the second higher vocational education; resident or internship of medical institutions of higher education. 2. The status of students of higher and postgraduate vocational education institutions in terms of obtaining educational services is equal to the status of the student at the higher educational institution of the appropriate form of study. Article 19. Doctoral students, postgraduates and candidates 1. Doctoral candidate is a PhD and doctoral candidate for doctoral degree in doctoral studies. 2. The applicant is a person who has a higher vocational education and a post-graduate study and is preparing a dissertation for the degree of PhD. 3. The applicant is a person who has a higher professional education attached to an organization or institution that has a doctorate and (or) doctorate, and prepares a dissertation for the degree of a PhD without training in PhD, or a person who has a PhD in PhD and prepares a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Sciences. 4. Doctoral candidates, postgraduate students and applicants are approved in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. 5. Persons admitted to the post-graduate course are entitled to 30 calendar days of leave with the average salary at the place of work. 6. Persons attending post-graduate degrees in the budget are provided with State scholarships and are entitled to two months of annual vacations. 7. Postgraduate students in distance learning are entitled to annual additional leave at the place of work of thirty calendar days, with the average salary. The { \b Annual Advanced Postgraduate } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b annual } { \b } The travel expenses are borne by the employer. Postgraduate students in extramural studies have the right to one free day of work per week, paying 50 per cent of the salary received, but not below the established The federal law of the minimum wage. The employer shall be entitled to grant postgraduate students, at their wish, in the fourth year of education, not more than two additional days of work per week without pay. Aspirants attending the postgraduate course in distance learning are provided places in the dormitory for exams and dissertations. 8. Citizens receiving post-graduate vocational training in State-accredited higher educational institutions and scientific institutions licensed to conduct educational activities Postgraduate vocational training programmes are granted deferations for military service for the period of study and the protection of qualifications. 9. Doctoral students are granted State scholarships and annual two-month vacations. For doctorates, all the rights at the place of work they had prior to doctorate (housing rights, conferment of rank and other rights) are preserved, as well as the right to return to their former places of work. 10. Postgraduate and doctoral students use free equipment, laboratories, educational and training rooms, libraries, as well as the right to travel, including to higher educational establishments and scientific centres of foreign states, participation in expeditions To carry out work on selected topics of scientific research on an equal basis with the scientific and pedagogical workers of higher educational institutions and scientific research institutions (organizations). 11. An annual allowance of two monthly stipends is provided for each graduate student and a doctoral student at the expense of the budget to purchase scientific literature. 12. In order to complete theses for the degree of Candidate of Sciences or Doctor of Sciences, employees of enterprises, institutions and organizations at the place of work are granted leave with pay of three or six periods, respectively months, in accordance with the provisions on post-graduate students, doctoral candidates and applicants. 13. The researchers working on theses for the degree of PhD and having significant scientific results on topical socio-economic problems or priority areas of fundamental scientific research may be transferred to the posts of scientific workers for up to two years for the preparation of the thesis for the degree of Doctor of Sciences. The salaries of researchers and the right to return to their former places of employment are retained for the positions of researchers. Article 20. Workers at higher educational establishments 1. The institutions of higher education include the positions of scientific and pedagogical staff (teaching staff, scientific workers), engineering, administrative-economic, industrial, educational, auxiliary and inoco of the staff. The faculty includes the positions of the Dean of the Faculty, the Head of Department, Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Lecturer, Teacher, Assistant. 2. The replacement of all posts of scientific and pedagogical workers in the higher education institution, with the exception of the posts of the Dean of the Faculty and the Chair of the Department, shall be carried out under an employment contract (contract) concluded for a period of up to five years. The employment contract (contract) is preceded by a competitive selection process. The position is approved by the federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education. The Office of the Dean of the Faculty, the Chair of the Department, is an elective office. The manner in which the elections are to be held shall be determined by the statutes of higher education institutions. 3. In state and municipal higher educational institutions, the posts of rectors, vice-rectors, deans of faculties, heads of departments, heads of branches and institutes are replaced by persons no older than sixty-five years of age, regardless of time the conclusion of contracts of employment. Those who hold these posts and who have reached that age shall be transferred with their consent to other posts corresponding to their qualifications. Rectors are accepted for work on a fixed-term employment contract (contract). The term of termination of the fixed-term employment contract (contract) entered into by the Provost with a higher educational institution coincides with the term of termination of the rector's powers. On the proposal of the Scientific Council of the higher educational institution, the founder (s) is entitled to extend the term of the rector until he reaches the age of 70. For the other posts provided for in this paragraph, the rector may, until the age of seventy years, be extended until the age of seventy years of age. 4. The teaching staff at the higher education institution have the right: (1) to elect and be elected to a higher educational institution; (2) to participate in the discussion and resolution of questions, (c) The use of libraries, information funds, educational and research units, and social, welfare, medical and other structural units institutions of higher education in accordance with its statute and (or) collective contract; 4) to determine the content of training courses in accordance with state educational standards of higher and postgraduate professional education; 5) choose methods and means of study, most fully that meet their individual characteristics and ensure a high quality of the educational process; 6) to appeal the orders and orders of the administration of the higher educational institution in accordance with the procedure established by law; 7) Organization and logistics Professional activities. 5. The teaching staff of the higher education institution are obliged: 1) to ensure a high efficiency of pedagogical and scientific processes; 2) comply with the charter of the higher educational institution; 3) to form a Learning competencies in the chosen direction of training (speciality), civic position, ability to work and life in modern civilization and democracy; 4) to develop the learners ' self-reliance, initiative, creativity; 5) systematic To improve their skills. 6. Researchmen at higher education institutions have the right to choose methods and means of conducting scientific research that is best suited to their individual characteristics and ensuring the high quality of scientific research of the process. Scientific workers are required to comply with the charter of the higher education institution. 7. The rights and duties of administrative-economic, engineering, technical, industrial, educational and other personnel of higher educational establishments are determined by the legislation on labour of the Russian Federation and the charter of the higher education. Estables, rules of internal regulations of the higher education institution and official instructions. Article 21. Training and development 1. The training of scientific and pedagogical workers is carried out in postgraduate and doctoral studies at higher educational institutions, academic institutions or organizations, as well as by attaching them to the institutions or organizations of the applicants for training and protection PhD theses for the degree of PhD or Ph.D. or by the transfer of teaching staff to the positions of researchers for the preparation of theses for the degree of Doctor of Sciences. 2. The State guarantees the creation of necessary conditions for professional development at least once every five years of scientific and pedagogical workers of State higher educational establishments and scientific and pedagogical workers of the State scientific community. Institutions and organizations operating in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education, allocating the necessary funds at the expense of the federal budget for this purpose. Upgrading of scientific and pedagogical workers can also be done on contracts concluded by natural and (or) legal persons with institutions of higher education and scientific organizations or institutions The physical and/or legal persons. 3. The procedure, types and forms of professional development in part not regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation are established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 22. Professors 1. In the Russian Federation, the professors and associate professors are established. 2. The professor's title can be assigned to a person who has, as a rule, the degree of Doctor of Sciences, the leading academic, scientific and methodological work in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education. 3. The title of associate professor may be assigned to a person who has, as a rule, a degree of PhD, leading academic, scientific and methodological work in higher education institutions. Article 23. Recognition and equivalence of documents of foreign states on top and postgraduate professional education and on academic titles 1. The recognition of foreign documents for higher and postgraduate professional education and of the academic qualifications in this Federal Act is understood to mean the consent of the relevant State authorities to the existence of a legitimate force OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Equivalence of foreign State documents on higher and postgraduate vocational education and on academic qualifications in this Federal Law means the granting of State power to the holders of the State power The documents of the same academic and (or) professional rights as the holders of the documents of the Russian Federation of the State University of Higher and Postgraduate Professional Education and the academic titles. 3. Recognition and equivalence of foreign State documents on higher and postgraduate vocational training does not exempt the holders of these documents from complying with the general admission requirements for admission to educational institutions or Work (including from the condition of knowledge of the State language), which are set out in the relevant provisions. 4. The decision to recognize and establish equivalence of foreign State documents on higher and postgraduate vocational education and on academic qualifications is taken by the federal (central) entity for the management of education on the basis of OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 5. The procedure for the recognition and equivalence of foreign documents on higher and postgraduate qualifications and on academic qualifications and the issuance of certificates of equivalence of documents is determined by the federal authorities. (central) body for the management of higher vocational education. Recognition and equivalence of foreign State documents on higher and postgraduate vocational education and academic qualifications are supported by certificates issued by the Federal (Central) Authority of Higher Education. Vocational training. Chapter IV: MANAGEMENT OF THE SYSTEM AND USEFULNESS PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION Article 24. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The competence of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education includes: 1) the drafting of bills, the adoption of federal laws in the field of higher and postgraduate and amending the relevant laws and supplements thereto; (2) approving the Federal Programme for the Development of Education and monitoring its implementation in the higher and postgraduate levels Vocational training; 3) approval of relevant articles of the federal budget and the control of their performance; 4) the establishment of higher and postgraduate levels of vocational training; 5) ratification of the international treaties of the Russian Federation regulating the higher and of the Russian Federation. 2. The competence of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education includes: 1) participation in the formulation and implementation of public policy in this area; 2) training Relevant sections of the Federal Programme for the Development of Education and Control of its implementation by the executive branch; 3) the implementation of budgetary funding for higher and postgraduate vocational education; (4) Development and adoption of draft laws regulatory legal acts defining the functioning of the higher and postgraduate vocational education system; 5) establishing licensing procedures for higher education institutions, their certification and the State accreditation; 6) the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of State higher educational establishments under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, in agreement with the legislative and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; (7) Conclusion and implementation of intergovernmental (c) The definition of the procedure for the development, approval and introduction of State educational standards for higher and postgraduate professional education; " Education, except in the cases provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation; (9) determining the procedure for establishing a list of courses (specialties) of higher and postgraduate vocational education. 3. The competence of the federal (central) body for the administration of higher professional education includes: 1) the development and implementation, in cooperation with other federal agencies, of the relevant sections of the Federal Act. Programmes for the development of education and international programmes in higher education, postgraduate vocational education and related supplementary education; (2) approval of the federal components of the respective State education standards, adoption of regulations on the final State certification of students and the externals in public, municipal higher education institutions; 3) the development and approval of exemplary curricula and educational programmes of higher and postgraduate studies Professional education, organization of the publication of teaching literature and production of teaching aids; 4) exercise of the authority of the founder (founders) of subordinate State higher educational institutions; 5) promoting the development and implementation of new and effective learning technologies in the Higher and postgraduate vocational education; 6) licensing of higher educational institutions, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms and State educational institutions Further education, as well as their state accreditation; 7) the establishment of the form of State-level documents on higher and postgraduate vocational training, recognition and equivalence Documents of Foreign States on Higher and Postgraduate Professional education and academic rank; 8) determination of the procedure for recognition and equivalency of documents of foreign states on higher and postgraduate professional education and on academic rank, extradition Certificate of equivalence of these documents; 9) participation in the study of the labour market needs of specialists; development of forecasts for training of specialists; development of proposals for budget financing of the higher Training institutions, other enterprises, institutions and organizations, Higher and post-graduate vocational and related secondary education, as well as their scientific organizations and structural units; and development of proposals for capital construction enterprises, institutions and organizations; 10) to participate in the work of the federal executive authorities in determining the amount of budgetary funding directed towards training, retraining and advanced training workers, scientific and educational workers, including researchers, (c) Development of science, and participation in the development of federal regulations and funding for relevant educational institutions; 11) coordination of higher educational institutions, sectoral and regional systems of higher education; Postgraduate vocational training in the scope and structure of specialist training, the organization of cross-sectoral and inter-regional cooperation in this area; 12) the establishment of a general reception and the structure of enrolment in Higher education institutions and institutions of higher professional education The education of students, post-graduate and doctoral students; (13) postgraduate and doctoral studies at State higher educational establishments, scientific organizations, irrespective of their institutional affiliation, except those operating in The system of the Russian Academy of Sciences and branch academies of sciences and the state status, approval of provisions for the training of scientific and educational workers, including scientific workers; 14) establishment of procedures for the reception of citizens in State higher education institutions established by the federal of the executive branch, and the procedure for transferring students from one higher education institution to another; 15) to forecast the development of the network of institutions of higher vocational education, to agree on the creation of new institutions State institutions of higher professional and related secondary education; 16) organization of participation of higher educational institutions and scientific organizations operating in the system of higher and postgraduate of professional education, in federal science and technology programmes, Development and approval of inter-university programmes in priority areas of science, implementation and monitoring of the programmes; 17) development and implementation in conjunction with trade union and by social organizations for the social protection of students, postgraduates, doctoral students, students and employees of the higher and postgraduate vocational education system to improve the conditions of their education, work, life, leisure and medical care maintenance; 18) financing the activities of the higher schools, enterprises, institutions and organizations; 19) harmonising higher and post-graduate professional and related secondary education issued by the federal authorities The executive branch, which is responsible for the higher education institutions, and, if necessary, to suspend the operation of these normative documents; 20), in consultation with the federal executive authorities, of which there are institutions of higher education, Management of State property in higher and postgraduate vocational training; (21) approving the procedure for succession of teaching staff; 22) development and approval Model provision on branches of higher education institutions under federal executive authority, organization of specified branches; 23) publication within the scope of the regulations; 24) Conclusion of international treaties of an interdepartmental nature OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4. The competence of the State certification service includes: (1) the monitoring of the observance of State educational standards in all State accredited institutions of higher education, irrespective of their status organizational and legal forms; 2) scientific-methodical assurance of final certification and quality control of graduates ' training at the completion of each level and step of higher and postgraduate vocational education in accordance with State educational standards for higher and postgraduate Vocational training; (3) consideration of submissions and decisions on referral to higher education institutions of the quality of education and/or non-conformity of education with the requirements of the State The educational standard; 4) the organization of the functioning of the system of regional state certification bodies and the attestation of educational institutions. 5. The division of competence between federal (central) education authorities and other federal entities is established by federal laws and regulations on the relevant bodies approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. Federal education authorities shall exercise the authority of the founder (s) of the higher educational institution after its establishment. Article 25. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Russian Federation has full powers outside the federal competence of the Russian Federation in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education. Article 26. State control over the quality of higher and postgraduate professional education 1. State control over the quality of higher and postgraduate vocational education is aimed at ensuring a unified state policy in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education, improving the quality of training specialists, rational use of the federal budget allocated for financing of higher and postgraduate vocational education. State control of the quality of higher and postgraduate vocational education is carried out by the State certification service and the State administration of higher vocational education in accordance with of their competence under the Russian Federation's Education Act, this Federal Act and other federal laws in this area fields. 2. The Federal (Central) Authority for the Management of Higher Vocational Education is responsible for monitoring compliance by the higher educational institution with the conditions of the educational activities provided for in the licence. If these conditions are violated, the licence must be seized. 3. The state accreditation of higher education institution, irrespective of its organizational-legal form and subordination subordination, passes the attestation of the State certification service at least once every five years. Chapter V. THE ECONOMY OF THE SYSTEM AND THE SOUND EDUCATION PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION Article 27. The relationship of ownership in the system of higher and postgraduate vocational education 1. The founder (founders) of the institution (founders) of the institution (founders) of the institution (founders) of the institution (the founder) of the institution (the founders) establish the right of the operational management of the building, facilities, property complexes, equipment and other necessary equipment of a consumer, social, cultural or other purpose. 2. The higher education institution is entitled to the ownership of money, property and other objects of property handed over to him by natural and legal persons in the form of donation, donation or testament, for products of intellectual and/or intellectual property. Creative work resulting from the activities of the higher educational institution, as well as the income from its own activities and the objects of property acquired on those incomes. 3. State and municipal higher education institutions are allocated land for free use in perpetuity. 4. The higher education institution is entitled to act as a lessee and (or) lessor of property. The lease of state, municipal higher educational institutions of property, as well as land parcels, is carried out without the right of purchase, with the consent of the scientific board of the higher educational institution at prices which cannot be be lower than the prices prevailing in the region. The funds received by the higher education institution as rent are used to ensure and develop the educational process. 5. The use of natural resources by the higher educational institution is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 6. The powers of owners of state property in the system of higher and postgraduate professional education in respect of federal property are secured by the federal (central) authority of the higher authority Professional education, which exercises these powers in conjunction with the federal executive authorities, which are responsible for higher educational institutions. 7. State, municipal higher educational institutions, which are assigned to operational management or owned or independently managed by the production and social infrastructure, including housing premises located in buildings of educational, manufacturing, social, cultural purpose, as well as residential premises located in rural areas, dormitories, clinical bases of educational institutions of medical education, in the operational management of educational institutions or otherwise The conduct, including in the possession, use and (or), of an order, other enterprises, institutions and organizations operating in the system of higher and postgraduate professional education and privatization (divestiture) shall not be subject to regulation. Article 28. Funding for higher education institutions 1. The federal budget is financed by the federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education or the executive branch, which is financed by the federal budget. in which these institutions are responsible, in accordance with State tasks (control figures) for the training of specialists, retraining and advanced training of employees based on the established state, including of the Ministry of Finance. For higher education institutions located in regions where district rates and allowances are applied, the funding standards are established on the basis of these factors and allowances. In the event that local funding exceeds government funding, additional funding is provided from the local budget. 2. The activities of non-State institutions of higher education shall be financed by its founder (founders) in accordance with the treaty between them. Under the contract between the founder (s) and the higher education institution, this activity may be carried out on the basis of partial or complete self-financing. 3. Research conducted by public higher education institutions is financed by the federal (central) body for the management of higher professional education and (or) the executive authorities responsible for these higher education institutions. Educational institutions, irrespective of the funding of educational activities. 4. State institutions of higher education independently determine the directions and uses of funds received from the budget and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Russian Federation, including funds allocated for the remuneration and stimulation of their employees. No funds used in the current period (year, quarter, month) can be withdrawn from public institutions of higher learning or credit to these higher educational institutions for the next period. 5. Reimbursement of additional costs for the indexation of higher education institutions operating on the basis of budgetary funding shall be made from the corresponding budget. 6. The higher education institution has accounts in banks and other credit institutions to store money and implement all kinds of payments, credit and cash transactions, including currency transactions. Article 29. Paid activities of higher educational institution 1. The higher educational institution, in accordance with its statutes, may carry out fee-paying activities in the field of education and in other fields, if this is not to the detriment of its main activity. The educational activities of the higher education institution cannot be carried out in exchange for the educational activities financed from the budget. Otherwise, the funds earned as a result of such activities shall be withdrawn by the founder (s) of the higher education institution. 2. State or municipal higher education institution shall be entitled, within the limits prescribed by the licence, to carry out, in addition to the State tasks (control figures) financed from the federal budget, the training of students specialists in relevant contracts with the cost of tuition in physical and/or legal entities in the amount agreed upon with the executive authority, the local government, in charge of which it is a higher educational institution is located. The higher education institution is responsible for the conclusion of contracts, the determination of obligations and other conditions that are not contrary to the legislation of the Russian Federation and the charter of the higher educational institution. Article 30. The pay of employees at the higher educational institution 1. The higher educational institution, within the limits of its available funds, determines the form and system of remuneration, supplements, allowances, bonuses and other incentives, as well as the size of the officers. All categories of workers (without setting the level of official salaries (rates). 2. The salary (rate) shall be paid to the employee of the higher education institution for the performance of the functional duties and the work provided for in the contract of employment. 3. The State higher educational institution shall independently form a fund for the remuneration of workers from the budget allocated to the maintenance of the higher educational institution and other sources not prohibited by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 4. The minimum rates for teaching staff in higher education establishments are set at least eight times the minimum wage established by federal law. 5. The scientific and pedagogical staff of the higher education institutions shall set up the allowances for the salary (rates) in the amount of: forty per cent for the post of assistant professor; sixty per cent for the post of professor; three times the minimum wage, established by federal law, for the degree of candidate of sciences; five-time minimum wage, established by federal law, for the degree of Doctor of Sciences. 6. Article 54 of the Law of the Russian Federation "On education" of average salaries (rates) of employees of higher educational establishments In the part relating to the remuneration of employees of higher educational establishments, the Government of the Russian Federation shall establish the first number of the second month of each quarter, in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation average wage for industrial workers in The Russian Federation for the previous quarter. 7. Average salaries (rates) of higher educational establishments are set at the following level: for teaching staff in institutions of higher education, twice the level The average wage of workers in the Russian Federation; for teachers and other teaching staff-not less than the average wage of industrial workers in the Russian Federation; for other employees higher education establishments-average wages of similar categories of industrial workers in the Russian Federation. 8. The Government of the Russian Federation shall, within two months from the date of the entry into force of this Federal Law, impose the applicable requirements of this article on the remuneration of employees of the higher educational institution. 9. The level of the salaries (rates) of the employees of the higher educational institution shall be determined by each quarter in accordance with paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 of this article, which are the minimum for the relevant categories of employees of the higher educational institution and are binding on the territory of the Russian Federation. Article 31. The pay and seniority of employees State administration of the highest and post-graduate vocational training 1. Employees of the State administration of higher and postgraduate vocational education are counted on the work of the civil servant at the higher educational establishment in decision-making positions and posts of scientific and pedagogical staff workers. 2. The degree to which employees of higher educational establishments are paid is also extended to the higher and postgraduate levels of vocational education. Article 32. Accounting, reporting and control in higher educational institutions 1. The higher education institutions carry out the operational and accounting results of their work in accordance with the established procedure, maintain statistical and accounting records. 2. Officials shall have the disciplinary, administrative and criminal liability established by the legislation of the Russian Federation for the distortion of State reporting. 3. The legislative and executive authorities are responsible for monitoring the implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of budgetary and financial discipline in higher education establishments. Chapter VI: INTERNATIONAL AND EXTERNALLY-ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES Article 33. Implementation of international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of higher and postgraduate professional education 1. Higher educational institutions are entitled to participate in the international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of higher and postgraduate vocational education by: 1) participation in bilateral and multilateral exchange programmes students, graduate students, doctoral students, teachers and researchers; (2) conducting joint research, as well as congresses, conferences, symposiums and other events; (3) the implementation of fundamental and Applied Scientific Research, as well as (...) (...) (...) 2. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Government of the Russian Federation has quotas under inter-State treaties, agreements between the federal (central) body for the management of higher vocational education or the departmental public administration of education, and by the appropriate authorities for the management of foreign States, as well as direct treaties concluded by institutions of higher education with foreign nationals and foreign legal entities. 3. In order to participate in the international activities of the Russian Federation, higher education institutions have the right: to join non-governmental international organizations; Activities that cannot be considered as international treaties of the Russian Federation; to establish structured units (centres, laboratories, technical parks and other units) with the participation of foreign partners. 4. In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, higher educational establishments are entitled to engage in foreign economic activities in accordance with the statutes of higher educational institutions and aimed at fulfilling the tasks set out in the present report. Federal law, as well as the development of international contacts. 5. The funds received by higher educational institutions and enterprises, institutions and organizations operating in the higher and postgraduate professional education system as a result of foreign economic activity are not subject to Exemption and taxation, including compulsory sale, if they are spent on the basic tasks defined for these higher educational establishments, enterprises, institutions and organizations by these Federal Law. Chapter VII. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 34. Entry into force of this Federal Law 1. The awarding of degrees and the attribution of the rank of scientists remains pending the adoption of relevant federal laws. 2. Invite the President of the Russian Federation and instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its legal acts into conformity with this Federal Law. 3. This law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 22 August 1996 N 125-FZ