Natural Healing Resources, Medical Rehabilitation Localities And Resorts

Original Language Title: О природных лечебных ресурсах, лечебно-оздоровительных местностях и курортах

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102034405

RUSSIAN FEDERATION federal law on natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts passed by the State Duma January 27, 1995 onwards (as amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ;
from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ; from 18.12.2006 y. N 232-FZ;
from 29.12.2006 N 258-FZ; from 08.11.2007 N 258-FZ;
from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; from 30.12.2008 N 309-FZ;
from 27.12.2009 N 379-FZ; from 18/07 N 219-FZ;
from 25 N 93-FZ; from 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) natural curative resources, recreational areas and resorts are a national treasure of the peoples of the Russian Federation, intended for treatment and rest of the population and relate to the specially protected territories and objects, having its own peculiarities in use and protection. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) this federal law defines the principles of State policy and regulates relations in the sphere of study, use, development and protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts on the territory of the Russian Federation.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Basic concepts in the present Federal law uses the following concepts: natural curative resources-mineral water, mud, and brine estuaries and lakes, climate, and other natural objects and conditions used for the treatment and prevention of diseases and recreation; (As amended by the Federal law of 18 N 219-FZ) medical-rehabilitation area-an area that has natural medicinal resources and suitable for treatment and prevention of diseases, as well as for the rest of the population;
Resort-mastered and used as a healing and prophylactic mean especially protected territory, with its natural healing resources and necessary for their exploitation of buildings and structures, including infrastructure; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) of Federal significance resort-mastered and used in the treatment and prophylaxis of especially protected natural area, located in the prescribed manner within the purview of the Federal Government; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) regional resort-mastered and used in the treatment and prophylaxis of especially protected natural area, located in the prescribed manner in the conduct of the organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FL) resort of local importance-mastered and used in the treatment and prophylaxis of especially protected territory, administered by local self-government bodies; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FL) resort region (area)-the territory with compactly arranged it resorts, United General sanitary district (mining services);
balneology-collection of all types of scientific and practical activity for the Organization and implementation of the treatment and prevention of diseases through the use of natural medicinal resources;
Sanitary District (mining services) protection-specially protected area established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation regime management, environmental management, protection and conservation of the natural medicinal resources, treatment and recreational area with adjacent areas from pollution and premature exhaustion. For medical rehabilitation localities and resorts, where natural curative resources relate to mining (mineral water, mud and other), establishes the mining district of sanitary protection. In other cases, the County installed sanitary protection. The outside contour of the sanitary district (mining services) the protection of a border medical-recreational area, resort, resort region (area); (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) customers-legal entities and individuals engaged in the development and use of natural medicinal resources on the basis of the license;
technological scheme of the development and use of natural medicinal resources-project document establishing technical methods and volumes of extraction and use of natural medicinal resources, loss rate and ways of maintaining and improving the therapeutic properties of these resources during operation;
Holiday Fund of the Russian Federation-the set of all identified and recorded natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities, as well as resorts and resort regions (districts).
Article 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation on natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts 1. Legislation on natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts is based on the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this federal law, adopted in accordance with the laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. legislation on natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts governs relations arising in connection with the use and protection of natural medicinal resources within these protected areas and outside their borders. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
3. Relations connected with the use and protection of natural resources not assigned to healing are regulated by the land, water, forest and other natural resources legislation.
4. Property relations in the sphere of use and protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts are regulated by civil legislation unless otherwise stipulated in the Federal law. Article 2-1. The establishment of the medicinal properties of natural medicinal resources and adoption of the classification of natural medicinal resources 1. Healing properties of natural medicinal resources are established on the basis of scientific research, the corresponding years of practice.
2. Classification of natural medicinal resources, medical indications and contra-indications to their use in the treatment-and-prophylactic purposes approved by authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 18 N 219-FZ), Article 3. Recognition of the territory medical-health resort area 1. Recognition of medical healing countryside territory or resort is carried out depending on the values of the Government of the Russian Federation, by the relevant executive authority of the Russian Federation or a body of local self-government on the basis of special kurortologičeskih, hydro-geological and other studies.
2. Resorts and recreational area may have federal, regional or local importance.
Territory is considered therapeutic and recreational terrain or resort of Federal significance by the Government of the Russian Federation as agreed with the relevant body of executive authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Territory is considered therapeutic and recreational terrain or resort regional executive authority of the Russian Federation in accordance with the relevant federal bodies of executive power.
Territory is considered therapeutic and recreational terrain or resort of local importance in the manner prescribed by legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
3. procedure and peculiarities of functioning of an individual resort shall be defined by the Statute of this resort. Depending on the value of the provision on resort respectively shall be approved by the authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority or appropriate body of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ), chap. II. The AUTHORITY of the GOVERNMENT of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION, FEDERAL BODIES of EXECUTIVE power, bodies of EXECUTIVE POWER of the CONSTITUENT ENTITIES of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION and bodies of local self-government (as amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ), Article 4. The authority of the Government of the Russian Federation the Government of the Russian Federation: provides a unified State policy in the sphere of sanatorium-and-spa treatment and rest;
sets the border regime and sanitary districts (mining services) the protection of spas having Federal significance;
sets the customs, investment incentives that act as incentives for the conservation and development of resorts;
carries out international cooperation in the exploration and use of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts Resort regions (districts).
(Article in edition of 2008, Federal Law No. 160-F3) article 4-1. Authority of federal bodies of executive power authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation, the federal body of executive power:

establishes norms and rules for the use of natural healing resources, medical-improving areas and resorts;
maintains a public accounting of the holiday Fund of the Russian Federation and the State Register of medical rehabilitation localities and resorts including Spa organization;
implements the State examination programs development of resorts and resort regions (districts) of explored reserves of natural medicinal resources of federal importance;

adopts the classification of natural medicinal resources, medical indications and contra-indications to their use in the treatment-and-prophylactic purposes. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 18 N 219-FZ) (Article supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ), Article 5. The powers of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation the powers of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to regulate relations in the sphere of functioning, development and protection of the resorts, therapeutic and natural medicinal resources include: recognition of the territory medical-recreational terrain or resort of regional significance;
establishment of borders and regime of sanitary districts (mining services) protection of medical rehabilitation localities and resorts that have regional importance;
define the shape and size of the fee for the use of territories resorts regional and local significance within the norms established by the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
Regulation in the sphere of use and protection of spas, medical rehabilitation localities and natural medicinal resources, except under the authority of the Russian Federation transmitted;
international cooperation in the exploration and use of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts Resort regions (districts);
maintaining a register of medical rehabilitation localities and resorts of regional importance, including Spa organization. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ), Article 6. Powers of the local self-administration bodies the powers of local self-government bodies to regulate relations in the sphere of functioning, development and protection of the resorts, therapeutic and natural medicinal resources include: representation of the Executive authority of the Russian Federation proposals on the recognition of the territory medical-improving terrain or resort of local importance;
participate in the implementation of State programs for development of land health and recreational destination, master plans (applications) development of resorts and resort regions (districts);
(Fourth Paragraph repealed Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ), participation in foreign trade activities, aimed at attracting logistical resources, development of the service industry, the use of foreign experience in developing resorts;
maintaining a register of medical rehabilitation localities and resorts of local importance, including Spa organization. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FZ) Article 7. Coordination of medical rehabilitation localities and resorts public policy and coordination in the field of balneology and relaxation implements specially authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation, the federal body that carries out: conducting the State Register of the holiday Fund of the Russian Federation;
development and coordination of Federal programs development of resorts;
Organization of scientific research in order to expand the holiday Fund of the Russian Federation and to improve the efficiency of its use;
training in the field of spa treatment;
(Paragraph six lost effect-Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ) Article 8. Lines of authority between the State bodies of the Russian Federation and State Government bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation the delineation of powers between the State bodies of the Russian Federation and the State bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the sphere of use and protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts is determined by this federal law, the treaties on the delimitation of jurisdiction and powers.
CHAPTER III. FEATURES of USE of NATURAL MEDICINAL RESOURCES Article 9. The right of State ownership of natural curative resources 1. Natural curative resources are State property.
They may have on the property right of the Russian Federation (federal property) or belong to the subjects of the Russian Federation title > (property of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation) (as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ).
2. Questions of ownership, use and management of natural medicinal resources are jointly by the Russian Federation and constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
3. On behalf of the Russian Federation and constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall exercise the rights of the owner referred to in this Federal Act, the public authorities within their competence established by the normative legal acts defining the status of those bodies.
4. Content of the right of State ownership of natural curative resources is determined by the Federal law on the basis of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
Article 10. Provision of natural medicinal resources 1. Natural curative resources are provided to legal entities and individuals for the treatment and prevention of diseases, as well as for recreational purposes. Mineral waters can be used also for industrial bottling.
2. provision of natural medicinal resources for purposes not provided for in this federal law, is generally not allowed. The Government of the Russian Federation, in exceptional cases, when supplied with the positive resolution of ecological and sanitary-and-epidemiologic examination permits the use of natural medicinal resources for purposes unrelated to treatment, prevention and the rest of the population, if it will not result in prejudice to the resort and recreational potential of the Territories concerned.
3. Natural therapeutic resources are provided on the basis of licenses in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Development of deposits of mineral waters and therapeutic MUDs and other natural medicinal resources 1. Deposits of mineral waters, therapeutic MUDs and other natural medicinal resources are developed in accordance with the license. Resorts in resort areas (areas) development of natural medicinal resources is specialized hydro-geological enterprises and organizations having the license for this activity.
2. The volume of extractive mineral water, curative mud, as well as other minerals classified as natural medicinal resources, limited approved by industrial categories of stocks and their exploitation. Techniques used in the exploitation of these natural medicinal resources, based on technological schemes of their development. The quality of the natural medicinal resources are regulated by special medical findings, determining the content of conditioned useful and harmful components.
3. technology of production, preparation and use of mineral waters, therapeutic mud, as well as other minerals classified as natural medicinal resources, should guarantee the protection of deposits from premature depletion and pollution and protection of mineral resources of medicinal properties.
4. Natural therapeutic resources are used for medicinal purposes in accordance with the terms of the licenses granted for each type of such activities.
Article 12. Termination, suspension and limitation of the right of use of natural medicinal resources 1. In the case of breaches of the rules of use of the natural medicinal resources, including the right to use the natural medicinal resources may be terminated, suspended or restricted in a manner prescribed by law (as amended by federal law from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ).
2. termination, suspension and limitation of the right of use of natural medicinal resources does not exempt perpetrators from other types of liability stipulated by the legislation.
CHAPTER IV. ECONOMIC REGULATION in the field of SPA treatment and rest of Article 13. Support for the development of resorts in the Russian Federation (as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Support for the development of resorts of federal importance is spending commitment of the Russian Federation.
Support for regional development of resorts is spending commitment of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Support for the development of resorts local significance is spending obligation settlements and urban districts.

Support for the development of resorts can be accessed from other not prohibited by legislation of the Russian Federation sources. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 18 N 219-FZ)

(para 1 as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
2. Coordination and enforcement of Federal programs development of resorts carries out specially authorized federal body of the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. (para 3 lost effect-federal law No. 122, 22/08/2004-FZ0).
Article 14. Property of sanatorium-and-Spa organizations and usage 1. Sanatorium organizations for implementation of preventive activities and leisure of the population are provided in accordance with the requirements of the law on natural resources, land and other natural resources.
2. Building land treatment and recovery localities and Resorts is carried out in compliance with the rules laid down in the legislation for the relevant works on the specially protected territories. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
3. Sanatorium-and-Spa institutions use buildings, structures and other property solely for the purpose of treatment, prevention of diseases and the rest of the population, unless otherwise follows from the Federal law.
Article 15. Status of sanatorium-and-Spa organizations 1. Sanatorium-and-Spa institutions engaged in the therapeutic process, have the status of treatment-and-prophylactic organizations and operate on the basis of the information provided in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation of a license for carrying out medical activities. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.11.2007 № 258-FZ)
2. reorganization of the sanatorium-and-Spa organizations is carried out with the retention of its medical and health expertise.
Chapter v. SANITARY (Gorno-SANITARY) protection of NATURAL HEALING RESOURCES, medical rehabilitation localities and RESORTS Article 16. Care Organization (mining services) protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts 1. Natural curative resources, recreational area, as well as resorts and their lands are respectively of especially protected territories and objects. Their protection is carried out through the establishment of sanitary districts (mining services) protection. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
2. Border regime and sanitary districts (mining services) protection established for medical rehabilitation localities and resorts of federal importance, are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, and for medical rehabilitation localities and resorts regional and local significance-executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
3. sanitary district (mining services) protection up to three zones.
On the territory of the first zone prohibits accommodation and all types of economic activities, with the exception of work relating to research and the use of natural medicinal resources in healing and recovery purposes, subject to the application of environmentally sound and sustainable technologies.
On the territory of the second zone prohibits the placement of objects and buildings not directly related to the creation and development of spa treatment and rest, as well as conducting works Wednesday, polluting the natural therapeutic resources and leading to their depletion. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ) in the territory of a third zone restrictions on placement of industrial and agricultural organizations and structures, as well as to perform business activities with environmental pollution Wednesday, natural medicinal resources and their depletion. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ)
4. ensuring sanitary regime (mining services) protection: in the first zone, in the second and third areas, land users, landowners, lessees, owners of the land and living citizens in these areas. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
5. sanitary-improving measures and the Elimination of hotbeds of pollution in sanitary districts (mining services) protection are carried out at the expense of users, land managers, landowners, lessees, owners of land and citizens for violating the regime of sanitary (mining services) protection. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
6. (repealed-Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ), CHAP. VI. Resolution of disputes in the sphere of use and protection of NATURAL HEALING RESOURCES, medical rehabilitation localities and RESORTS Article 17. Settlement of disputes 1. Disputes in the sphere of use and protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts as well as property disputes related to reparation for the injury caused by the natural healing resources, medical and wellness areas and resorts, as well as human health are subject to judicial review.
2. Economic disputes and controversies in management are resolved by arbitration in accordance with arbitration and procedural legislation.
3. By agreement of the parties, economic disputes between organizations that are legal entities and individuals-entrepreneurs can be dealt with by the arbitral tribunal.
Article 18. Settlement of international disputes, international disputes in the sphere of use and protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts in the Russian Federation shall be settled in accordance with the procedure established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, with the exceptions established by the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Chapter VII. LIABILITY for VIOLATION of this federal law.
State supervision and monitoring of MUNICIPAL SANITATION (mining services) PROTECTION OF NATURAL HEALING RESOURCES, medical rehabilitation localities and RESORTS (as amended by the Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ) Article 19. Types of liability for violation of this federal law establishes the disciplinary, financial, civil, administrative and criminal liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 20. State supervision and monitoring of Municipal sanitation (mining services) protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts 1. State supervision in the field of sanitary (mining services) protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts is carried out by the authorized federal body of executive authorities and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in implementing, within its competence, of the State supervision in the field of the protection and use of especially protected natural territories of federal and regional importance, respectively, as well as the authorized federal body of executive power in the implementation of the federal state sanitary-and-epidemiologic supervision in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Municipal control in the field of sanitary (mining services) protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and Resorts is carried out by the authorized bodies of local self-government in the implementation, within its competence, of the municipal control regarding the protection and use of especially protected natural territories of local importance in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ), chap. VIII. INTERNATIONAL TREATIES, article 21. International treaties if an international treaty of the Russian Federation in the field of the rational use and protection of natural healing resources, medical rehabilitation localities and resorts stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this federal law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
CHAPTER IX. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 22. Final provisions 1. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. To entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring into compliance with this federal law normative legal acts of the federal bodies of executive power.
3. approved prior to the entry into force of this federal law, the county sanitary protection resorts using natural curative resources related to bedrock and deposits of natural medicinal resources considered mining districts of sanitary protection.
4. relations in the field of therapeutic areas and resorts are regulated in accordance with this federal law, unless otherwise stipulated in the Federal law of December 1, 2007 year N 310-FZ "on the Organization and conduct of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi, development of Sochi as Alpine climatic resort and amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation". (Para supplemented by federal law from 27.12.2009 N 379-FZ)

The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N 26 February 23, 1995-FZ