Natural Healing Resources, Medical Rehabilitation Localities And Resorts

Original Language Title: О природных лечебных ресурсах, лечебно-оздоровительных местностях и курортах

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On natural healing resources, curative-health areas and resorts adopted by the State Duma on 27 January 1995 class="ed">(In the version of federal laws of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ; of 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ; of 18.12.2006 N 232-FZ; dated 29.12.2006 N 258-FZ; of 08.11.2007 N 258-FZ; of 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; dated 30.12.2008. N 309-FZ; of 27.12.2009 N 379-FZ; dated 18.07.2011 N 219-FZ; of 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ; of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ Natural curative resources, health and wellness facilities and resorts are the national heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation, are intended for the treatment and rest of the population, respectively to specially protected sites and territories with special features in use and protection. (In the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ ) This Federal Law defines the principles of public policy and regulates relations in the field of study, use, development and protection of natural resources, curative and wellness areas, and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. The basic concepts of In this Federal Act are the following basic concepts: natural healing resources-mineral waters, curative mud, liman and lake Rapa, treatment climate, other natural sites and conditions, used for the treatment and prevention of diseases and the organization of rest; (In the wording of the Federal Law 18/07/2011 N 219-FZ) Health and wellness area is a territory endowed with natural healing resources and suitable for the organization of treatment and prevention of diseases, as well as for the rest of the population; Specially protected territory, which has natural curative resources and facilities for their operation, including infrastructure; (In the wording of the Federal Act) Law dated 28.12.2013. N 406-FZ ) Resorctive resort, specially protected territory under the established procedure of the federal government; class="ed"> (In the Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ Resort of regional significance-military and used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes, specially protected territory under the established procedure of the State authority of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation Federation; (As amended by Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ Resort of local significance-the specially protected area administered by local governments; (In the wording of the Federal Law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ ) Resort region (area)-territory with the most densely situated resorts, united by the general district of sanitary (sanitary) protection; resort case is a collection of all kinds Scientific and practical activities in the management and prevention of diseases based on the use of natural resources; Sanitary (Health) District-specially protected Territory of established in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation Management, residence, environmental management, protection and preservation of natural resources and curative and wellness areas with adjacent areas from pollution and premature exhaustion. For health and wellness areas and resorts, where natural resources are subsoil (mineral water, curative mud and others), the district of the mountain-sanitary protection is established. In other cases, the health protection districts shall be established. The outer circuit of the Sanitary (Sanitary and Sanitary) district of the district is the border of the health and wellness area, resort and resort area (district); (In the wording of Federal Law dated 28.12.2013. N 406-FZ users-legal and natural persons engaged in the development and use of natural resources under a licence; technological design and use of natural resources Treatment resources-a project document establishing technical methods and volumes of extraction and use of natural resources, loss and ways of preserving and improving the treatment properties of these resources in operation; The Russian Federation's resort fund is a collection of all identified and recorded Natural curative resources, therapeutic and recreational areas and resorts and resort regions (districts). Article 2. Russian Federation Law on Natural Resources healing resources, health and wellness areas and resorts 1. The legislation on natural medicinal resources, treatment and rehabilitation areas and resorts is based on the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this Federal Act, which are adopted under the Constitution and other laws and regulations. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. The legislation on natural resources, curative and wellness areas and resorts regulates relations arising from the use and protection of natural resources as within these specially protected areas. class="ed"> territoriesand beyond their borders. (In the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ) 3. The relationship between the use and protection of natural resources not classified as curative is regulated by land, water, forestry and other legislation on natural resources. 4. Property relations in the use and protection of natural medicinal resources, therapeutic areas and resorts are regulated by civil law, unless otherwise stipulated by federal law. Article 2-1. Establishment of treatment properties natural curative resources and approval classification of natural curative resources 1. The treatment of natural curative resources is established on the basis of scientific research consistent with many years of practice. 2. The classification of natural medicinal resources, medical evidence and contraindications for their use in medical treatment and prophylactic purposes are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation authorized by the Federal Executive. (The article is supplemented by the Federal Law of 18 July 2011). N 219-FZ) Article 3. The recognition of the territory of the curative area, resort 1. The recognition of the territory as a health or resort is dependent on its importance by the Government of the Russian Federation, the relevant executive authority of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation or a local body Self-government on the basis of special currentological, hydrogeological and other studies. 2. Resorts and wellness areas may have federal, regional or local significance. Territory is recognized as a health and health resort or resort of federal importance by the Government of the Russian Federation in agreement with the relevant executive authority of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. The Territory is recognized as a health and health location or a resort of regional importance by the executive branch of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, in consultation with the relevant federal executive authorities. The territory is recognized as a health and wellness or resort of local importance in accordance with the procedure established by the legal acts of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. 3. The order and peculiarities of the operation of a particular resort are determined by the provision on this resort. Depending on the importance of the resort, the position is approved by the Government Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation by the federal executive branch of the Russian Federation, or by the relevant executive body of the subject OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION N 160-FZ CHAPTER II. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE FEDERAL ORGANS OF THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 N 160-FZ) Article 4. The powers of the Government of the Russian Federation Government of the Russian Federation: provides a unified state policy in the area of spa treatment and rest; sets the boundaries and state of the Sanitary Districts with federal significance; installs customs, investment incentives for the preservation and development of resorts; conducts international cooperation in the field of research and use Natural curative resources, therapeutic and recreational areas, resorts and resort regions (districts). (Article in the wording of Federal Law Article 4-1. Powers of the federal organs executive power Commissioner of the Government of the Russian Federation Natural curative resources, curative and recreational areas and resorts; leads the State Register of the Russian Federation's resort fund and the state register of health and wellness areas and resorts, including Spa-resort organizations; State examination of development programmes of resorts and resort regions (regions), discovered reserves of natural resources of federal importance; approves the classification of natural resources Treatment resources, medical evidence and contraindications for their use in medical treatment and prophylactic purposes. (The paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 18 July 2011). N 219-FZ) N 160-FZ) Article 5. Terms of reference of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to the powers of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in regulating relations in the field of functioning, development and protection Resorts, health and wellness areas and natural healing resources are: recognition of the territory of a health and wellness area or a resort of regional significance; (health and wellness) and Resorts of regional significance; Definition of the form and size of the fee for the use of territories of regional and local resorts within the limits of the norms established by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION cooperation in the field of the study and use of natural resources, health and wellness areas, resorts and resort regions (districts); Maintenance of a register of health and wellness resorts and resorts of regional importance, including Health resort organizations. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of June 29, 2006. N 258-FZ) Article 6. Powers of local self-government bodies To the powers of local self-government bodies to regulate relations in the field of functioning, development and protection of resorts, medical and wellness areas and natural curative resources In particular: representation in the executive branch of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation of a proposal to recognize the territory as a health and health resort or a resort of local importance; participation in the implementation of public Recreational and recreational programmes appointments, general plans (programmes) of resort and resort regions (districts); (Paragraph 4 is no longer valid-Federal Law dated 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ ) participation in foreign economic activities aimed at attraction of material and technical resources, development of service, leisure industry, use of foreign experience in the development of resorts; Maintenance of a register of local treatment and health resorts, including spa facilities. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of June 29, 2006. N 258-FZ) Article 7. Coordination of activities in the curative-health areas and resorts State policy and coordination of activities in the sphere of resort business and recreation implements specially authorized Government of the Russian Federation Federation, which operates: maintenance of the state register of the Russian Federation's resort fund; development and coordination of federal programmes for the development of resorts; of the Russian Federation Federation and its efficiency; training in spa treatment; (Paragraph 6 is no more effective-Federal Law dated 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ) Article 8. Distinction of powers between the organs of the State authorities of the Russian Federation and bodies of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Delineation of the subjects of competence and authority. Chapter III. USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES OF NATURAL RESOURCES Article 9. The right of public property to natural curative resources 1. Natural treatment resources are State property. They may belong to the property of the Russian Federation (federal property) or belong to the title of the subjects of the Russian Federation > (property of the subject of the Russian Federation)(in of the Federal Act of 22 August 2004. N 122-FZ) 2. The Russian Federation and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation share the issues of ownership, use and management of natural resources. 3. On behalf of the Russian Federation and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the rights of the owner shall be exercised by the authorities referred to in this Federal Act, within the limits of their competence, established by the normative legal acts determining The status of these bodies. 4. The content of the right of State property to natural medicinal resources is determined by the federal law in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Article 10. Provision of natural healing resources 1. Natural treatment resources are provided to legal and natural persons for the treatment and prevention of diseases, as well as for recreational purposes. Mineral water can also be used for industrial bottling. 2. The provision of natural medicinal resources for purposes not covered by this Federal Law is generally not permitted. In exceptional cases, the Government of the Russian Federation permits the use of natural medicinal resources for non-therapeutic purposes, subject to the positive conclusion of an environmental and sanitary-epidemiological expertise. Prevention and recreation of the population, if this does not cause damage to the resort-recreational potential of the respective territories. 3. Natural resources are provided on the basis of licences in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 11. Development of mineral water deposits and healing dirt and other natural curative resources 1. Mineral water deposits, curative mud and other natural healing resources are developed according to the license. In resort regions (areas), the development of natural curative resources is carried out by specialized hydrogeological enterprises and organizations licensed for this type of activity. 2. The quantities of mineral water produced, therapeutic mud, as well as other mineral resources classified as natural curative resources are imitated by industrial reserves and their useful life. The technical methods used in the exploitation of these natural healing resources are based on the technological schemes of their development. The quality of natural medicinal resources is regulated by special medical reports, which determine the conditions of distribution of useful and harmful components. 3. The technology of extraction, preparation and use of mineral waters, therapeutic mud, as well as other mineral resources classified as natural curative resources should guarantee the protection of deposits against premature depletion and pollution and to protect the mineral resources from the loss of medicinal properties. 4. Natural treatment resources are used for therapeutic purposes in accordance with the terms and conditions of licences granted for each such activity. Article 12. The termination, suspension and restriction of the right use of natural curative resources 1. In case of violation of established regulations on the use of natural curative resources, the right to use natural resources may be terminated, suspended or restricted by the law (as amended by law) Federal Act of 9 May 2005 N 45 FZ) 2. The termination, suspension and restriction of the right to use natural resources shall not exempt those responsible from other types of liability provided for by law. CHAPTER IV. { \field { \ul } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Economic { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Economic { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 Support for the development of resorts in the Russian Federation (in the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004). N 122-FZ 1. Support for the development of federal resorts is an obligation of the Russian Federation. Support for the development of regional resorts is an obligation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Support for the development of local resorts is the obligation of settlements and urban districts. Support for the development of resorts may be made from other non-proscribed OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (The paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 18 July 2011). N 219-FZ) (para. 1 of the Federal Act of 22 August 2004). N 122-FZ) 2. The coordination and enforcement of federal programmes for the development of resorts is carried out by the Federal Government specially authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation. 3.(Paragraph 3 was lost)-Federal Law of 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ0) Article 14. The property of sanatorium-resort organizations and order its use 1. The resort organizations for treatment and prevention activities and recreation facilities are provided in accordance with the requirements of the legislation on natural resources, land and other natural resources. 2. The construction of health resorts and resorts is being carried out in accordance with the regulations laid down by the legislation for the relevant works in the specially protected areas. (In the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ) 3. Sanatorium-resort organizations use buildings, structures and other property solely for the purpose of treatment, prevention of diseases and rest of the population, unless otherwise provided by the federal law. Article 15. The status of sanatorium and resort organizations 1. The resort organizations which carry out the therapeutic process have the status of medical and prophylactic organizations and operate on the basis of a license granted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Medical activities. (In the wording of Federal Law of 08.11.2007) N 258-FZ 2. The reorganization of sanatorium-resort organizations is carried out with the preservation of their therapeutic and wellness specialization. CHAPTER V. SANITATION (CITY-SANITITIC) OF THE NATURAL FOREST OF NATURAL RESOURCES, FOUNDATION AND CIRCUMSTANCES Article 16. Sanitary (Sanitary) Guard of the Natural Treatment Resources, Curative Health Care of Localities and Resorts 1. Natural resources, health and wellness areas, as well as resorts and their lands are specially protected sites and territories, respectively. They are protected by the establishment of sanitary (health) protection districts. (In the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ) 2. The borders and district of the sanitary (health) protection for health and wellness areas and resorts of federal importance are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, and for health and wellness areas and resorts OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. Sanitary (health) protection is assigned to up to three zones. In the territory of the first zone, residence and all kinds of economic activities are prohibited, except for work related to research and use of natural medicinal resources for therapeutic and recreational purposes, provided that environmentally sound and sustainable technologies. In the territory of the second zone, the placement of objects and facilities not directly related to the creation and development of spa treatment and recreation is prohibited, as well as the carrying out of works polluting the environment, natural curative resources and their depletion. (In the wording of Federal Law of 30.12.2008) N 309-FZ) In the third zone, restrictions are imposed on the deployment of industrial and agricultural organizations and installations, as well as on the management of polluting activities. of the environment, natural resources and their depletion. (In the wording of Federal Law of 30.12.2008) N 309 F) 4. The provision of the sanitary (sanitary) protection regime is carried out in the first zone-users, in the second and third zones-users, land users, landowners, tenants, owners Land and living in these areas. (In the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ 5. Health and sanitation activities and the elimination of hot spots in the health districts are carried out at the expense of users, land users of, landowners, tenants and landowners. (c) Protection of the child (s) (In the wording of Federal Law of 28.12.2013) N 406-FZ) 6. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 25.06.2012) N 93-FZ) CHAPTER VI. AUTHORIZATION FOR USE, AND PROTECTION OF NATURAL FOREST RESOURCES, LEADERED PLACE AND UNCERTAINTY Article 17. Settlement of disputes 1. Disputes concerning the use and protection of natural resources, curative and recreational areas and resorts, as well as property disputes relating to compensation for damage caused to natural curative resources, health and wellness areas, and Resorts, as well as human health, are subject to judicial review. 2. Economic disputes and disputes in the field of administration are resolved by the arbitral tribunal in accordance with the law of arbitration. 3. On the agreement of the parties, economic disputes between legal entities and citizens may be settled by the arbitral tribunal. Article 18. The resolution of international disputes International disputes concerning the use and protection of natural medicinal resources, therapeutic areas and resorts of the Russian Federation are resolved in accordance with the procedure established by the OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter VII: RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATION THIS FEDERAL LAW. PUBLIC OVERSIGHT AND MUNICIPAL CONTROL IN THE AREA OF SANITATION (CITY) OF NATURAL RESOURCES. And KURRTOV (In the wording of Federal Law of 25.06.2012) N 93-FZ) Article 19. The types of liability For violations of this Federal Act, disciplinary, material, civil, administrative and criminal liability shall be established in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation. Article 20. State supervision and municipal control of sanitary (health) protection of natural curative resources, curative-health areas and resorts 1. State supervision over the provision of sanitary (health and sanitary) protection of natural medicinal resources, treatment and recreation areas and resorts is carried out by the authorized federal executive authorities and bodies OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Also authorized by the Federal Executive OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Municipal control over the provision of sanitary (health) protection of natural medicinal resources, treatment and recreation areas and resorts is carried out by the authorized bodies of local self-government, within the limits of of the competence of municipal control in the field of protection and use of specially protected natural territories of local importance in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Federal Act dated 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ) CHAPTER VIII. INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS Article 21. International treaties If an international treaty of the Russian Federation in the field of rational use and protection of natural resources, curative and wellness areas and resorts has established rules other than those provided for This Federal Law applies the rules of the international treaty. CHAPTER IX. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 22. Final provisions 1. This law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. 2. To instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring normative legal acts of the federal executive authorities into line with this Federal Law. 3. Approved before the entry into force of this Federal Act of Sanitary Protection of Resorts Using Natural Resources in the Mineral Resources and Natural Treatment Resources, consider the districts of the mining and sanitary protection. 4. The relations in the use of health and wellness areas and resorts are regulated by this Federal Act, unless otherwise provided by the Federal Act of 1 December 2007 No. 310-FZ " On the organization and organization of the XXII "Sochi Winter Olympic Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi as a mountain resort and amendments to selected legislative acts of the Russian Federation." (The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 27.12.2009). N 379-FZ) President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 23 February 1995 N 26-FZ