On Especially Protected Natural Territories

Original Language Title: Об особо охраняемых природных территориях

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102034651

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL law on specially protected natural territories adopted by the State Duma of the year February 15, 1995 (text as amended by the federal laws on out N 196-FZ;
from 29.12.2004 N 199-FZ; from 09.05.2005 N 45-FZ;
from 04.12.2006 N 201-FZ; from 23.03.2007 N 37-FZ;
from 10.05.2007 N 69-FZ; from 10.09.2008 N 118-FZ;
from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; from 03.12.2008 N 244-FZ;
from 03.12.2008 N 250-FZ; from 30.12.2008 N 309-FZ;
from 27.12.2009 N 379-FZ; from 18/07 N 219-FZ;
from 18/07 N 242-FZ; from 21 N 331-FZ;
from 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ; from 25 N 93-FZ;
from 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ; from 12.03.2014 N 27-FZ;
from 23.06.2014 N 171-FZ; from 14.10.2014 N 307-F3;
from 24.11.2014 N 361-FZ; by 31.12.2014 N 499-FZ;
from 13.07.2015 N 221-FZ; from 13.07.2015 N 233-FZ) of especially protected natural Territories-land, water and air space above them, where are the natural complexes and objects, which are of special environmental, scientific, cultural, recreational, aesthetic and recreational value, withdrawn decisions of public authorities in whole or in part from economic use and for which a special protection regime.
Especially protected natural territories belong to the national heritage objects.
This federal law regulates relations in the sphere of organization, protection and management of specially protected natural territories, in order to preserve the unique and typical natural complexes and objects, remarkable nature formations, objects of vegetative and animal world, their genetic Fund, study of natural processes in the biosphere and monitoring its condition, ecological education of population.
Section i. General provisions article 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories is based on the relevant provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this federal law shall be taken in accordance with the laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. Relations arising in the use of land, water, forest and other natural resources of especially protected natural territories are governed by the relevant legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
3. Property relations in the sphere of use and protection of specially protected natural territories are governed by civil law, unless otherwise provided for in this federal law. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ), Article 2. The category of especially protected natural territories, especially their creation and development 1. When deciding on the establishment of specially protected natural territories is taken into account: (a)) value of the territory concerned for the conservation of biological diversity, including rare, endangered and valuable economic and scientific objects of flora and fauna and their Habitat Wednesday;
b) presence in the borders of the territory concerned plots of natural landscapes and cultural landscapes that represent a particular aesthetic, scientific and cultural value;
in the presence of borders) appropriate territory geological, mineralogical and paleontological objects representing a particular scientific, cultural and aesthetic value;
g) presence within the borders of the territory concerned of unique natural complexes and objects, including single natural objects that represent a particular scientific, cultural and aesthetic value.
2. Taking into account the characteristics of the mode of especially protected natural territories differ in the following categories: (a) these territories) State nature reserves, including biosphere reserves;
b) national parks;
natural parks);
g) state wildlife refuges;
d) monuments of nature;
e) Arboretum and botanical gardens.
3. Laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation may stipulate other categories of especially protected natural territories of regional and local significance.
4. Specially protected natural territory can have federal, regional or local importance and be respectively in charge of federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government and in the cases provided for in article 28 of this federal law, also in the conduct of public research organizations and public educational institutions of higher education.
5. State nature reserves and national parks are specially protected natural territories of federal importance. State natural reserves, nature sanctuaries, Arboretum and botanical gardens can be attributed to the specially protected natural territories of Federal significance or specially protected natural territories of regional significance. Natural parks are specially protected natural territories of regional significance.

6. State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation agree on the decision on the establishment of protected areas of regional importance, about changing their special protection: a) the authorized federal body of executive power in the sphere of environmental protection Wednesday;
b) federal bodies of executive power in the field of national defense and security of the State, if it is assumed that within the boundaries of protected areas will be land and other natural resources, provided for the needs of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, military formations and organs.
7. subjects of the Russian Federation shall have the right to carry out the execution of co-financing expenditure commitments of the Russian Federation, are produced by the execution of the powers associated with the establishment and development of especially protected natural territories of Federal significance, from the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation.
8. Local self-government bodies create specially protected natural territories of local significance on land owned by the corresponding municipality. If you create a specially protected natural area will occupy more than five per cent of the total area of land owned by the municipality, the decision on the establishment of specially protected natural territory local Government negotiates with public authorities the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
9. Local self-government bodies decide stipulated by the Federal law "on general principles of organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation" questions, conservation, protection, reproduction of forests of especially protected natural territories located within the boundaries of settlements settlements, urban district, in accordance with the provisions of the relevant specially protected natural territories.
10. To prevent adverse human impacts on State natural reserves, national parks, nature parks and nature sanctuaries in the surrounding land and water objects are created in the security zone. How to create buffer zones and establishing their boundaries defining the regime of protection and use of land and water bodies within the boundaries of the buffer zones shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Regime of protection and use of land and water bodies within the boundaries of the buffer zone are set out in the regulation on the relevant buffer zone, which was approved by the public authority that decide to establish it.
11. Decision on the establishment of protected areas and the establishment of their borders are: a) buffer zones of State natural reserves, national parks and monuments of Federal significance by the Federal Executive Body in charge of these specially protected natural areas;
b) buffer zones of national parks and natural monuments regional significance the highest official of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation (the head of the Supreme executive body of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation).
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ), Article 2-1. Transfer of the exercise of authority of federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of organization and functioning especially protected natural territories of bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation the powers of federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of organization and functioning especially protected natural territories may be transmitted for the implementation of the executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation in decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation in the manner prescribed by the Federal law of October 6, 1999 N 184-FZ "on general principles of organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation". (Article supplemented by federal law from 13.07.2015 N 233-FZ), Article 3. (Repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ), Article 4. The State inventory of specially protected natural territories of the State Cadastre of protected areas includes information about the status of those territories, their geographical location and boundaries, special protection of these territories, the natural resources. ecological and educational, scientific, economic, historical and cultural value.
The State inventory of specially protected natural territories is conducted to assess the status of prirodno-reserved Fund, define the development prospects of network data territories, increasing the efficiency of public oversight in the area of protection and management of protected areas, as well as records of the territories in planning socio-economic development of the regions. (As amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ)

Order of the State inventory of specially protected natural territories is established by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ), Article 5. Citizen participation, as well as associations and non-profit organizations active in the field of environmental protection Wednesday, organization, protection and utilization of specially protected natural territories, citizens, associations and non-profit organizations working in the field of environmental protection Wednesday, may assist the authorities of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government in the Organization's activities , the protection and management of specially protected natural territories. In carrying out these activities, the State authorities of the Russian Federation, governmental bodies of Russian regions, local government bodies take into account the proposals of citizens, as well as associations and non-profit organizations active in the field of environmental protection Wednesday. (As amended by the Federal law of 24.11.2014 N 361-FZ), SECT. II. STATE NATURAL PROTECTED AREAS Article 6. General provisions on State natural reserves of 1. State natural protected areas are specially protected natural territories of federal importance. Within the boundaries of State natural reserves natural Wednesday remains in a natural state and completely prohibits economic and other activities, except for the cases stipulated by this federal law.
2. natural resources and real estate located within the boundaries of State natural reserves, are federally owned and are withdrawn from civil circulation, if otherwise not stipulated by federal laws.
3. Regulations on State natural reserve shall be approved by the federal body of executive power, which he is.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ) Article 7. Task State natural reserves at the State natural reserves have the following objectives: (a)) implementation of protection of natural areas in order to conserve biodiversity and to maintain the natural state of protected natural complexes and objects;
b) Organization and conducting of research, including the annals of nature;
in the exercise of State environmental monitoring) (State environmental monitoring Wednesday); (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 331-FZ) g) implementation of the State environmental monitoring (State environmental monitoring Wednesday) and the development of tourism; (As amended by the federal laws of 21 N 331-FZ; from 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ) d) (repealed-the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ) e) assistance in the preparation of the scientific staff and experts in the field of environmental protection Wednesday. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ) Article 8. The order of formation of State natural reserves 1. State natural reserve is established by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation adopted on the nomination of a federal body of executive power in the sphere of environmental protection Wednesday. Expansion of State natural reserve is made in the same manner. (As amended by the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ)
2. (repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) 3. (Repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
4. (repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) Article 9. Special protection of territories of State natural reserves 1. On the territory of a State natural reserve prohibits any activity inconsistent with the objectives of the State nature reserve and the regime of special protection for its territory, established in this public nature reserve.
In the territories of the State of nature reserves it is forbidden the introduction of living organisms for their acclimatization.
2. In the territories of the State natural reserves permitted activities and activities aimed at: (a)) conservation of natural complexes in the natural state, recovery and preventing changes in natural systems and their components, as a result of anthropogenic impacts;
b) maintaining conditions for health and fire safety;
in) prevention conditions cause natural disasters that threaten people's lives and human settlements;
g) implementation of environmental monitoring;
d) performing research tasks;
(e)) maintaining environmental awareness and the development of tourism; (As amended by the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ) f) exercise of State supervision in the field of protection and management of specially protected natural territories. (As amended by the Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ)

3. In State nature reserves may be allocated plots on which excludes any human intervention in natural processes.
The sizes of these plots is determined on the basis of the need to preserve all natural complex in its natural state.
4. at the designated areas of partial economic use does not contain particularly valuable ecological systems and objects for the sake of which created a State natural reserve, allowed activities aimed at ensuring the functioning of the State nature reserve and functioning citizens living on its territory, and are carried out in accordance with the adopted individual regulations on this public nature reserve.
5. Stay in the territories of the State natural reserves in individuals who are not employees of the federal public budget institutions involved in the management of State natural reserves, officials of the Federal Executive Body in charge of State natural reserves, is allowed only with the permission of the Federal Government budgetary institutions involved in the management of State natural reserves, or the Federal Executive Body in charge of State natural reserves.
For visiting individuals territories of State natural reserves for tourism federal government budgetary institutions public natural reserves, is charged, which establishes the procedure for determining the Federal Executive Body in charge of State natural reserves.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ), Article 10. State natural biosphere reserves 1. Status of State natural biosphere reserves have State nature reserves, which are included in the international system of biosphere reserves. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
2. The territories State natural biosphere reserves for research, State environmental monitoring (State environmental monitoring Wednesday), as well as the testing and implementation of environmental management, not destroying the environment Wednesday and not debilitating biological resources can be attached biosphere polygons, including differential treatment special protection and use. (As amended by Federal Law Gazette N 309-FZ; from 21 N 331-FZ; from 24.11.2014 N 361-FZ) 3. A specific regime of special protection of the territories of the biosphere polygon is set in accordance with the regulations on State natural biosphere reserve, approved by the public authorities responsible for State natural biosphere reserves. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
4. at the designated Federal Agency, which administers state natural biosphere reserve sites biosphere polygon state natural biosphere reserve to ensure the prescribed provision of this test site activities, development of tourism, physical culture and sports pets objects of capital construction and related infrastructure, a list of which is established by the Government of the Russian Federation for each biosphere polygon state natural biosphere reserve. (Para supplemented by Federal Act of 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ)
5. Land required for the implementation of the activities specified in paragraph 4 of this article may be granted to citizens, legal persons for rent in accordance with the laws of the land.
Procedure for the preparation and conclusion of leasing contracts of lot lands, situated within the boundaries of the designated Federal Agency, which administers State nature biosphere reserve, biosphere polygon state natural biosphere reserve, is established by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority.
(Para supplemented by Federal Act of 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ), Article 11. Management of State natural reserves 1. Management of State natural reserves the Federal Government budgetary institutions established in the legislation of the Russian Federation.

2. Land (including land on which are located in the forest) within the boundaries of State natural reserves are provided by the Federal State budget agencies that manage State nature reserves, in permanent (indefinite) use in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. it is prohibited to remove or otherwise the termination of rights to land plots and forest areas, provided by the Federal State budget agencies that manage State nature reserves, except for the cases stipulated by federal laws.
4. Federal Government budgetary establishments managing State nature reserves have their symbols (flags, pennants, badges and other verbal, Visual and dimensional designations or combinations thereof, reflect the characteristics of State natural reserves), approval and use of which is established by the Federal Executive Body in charge of State natural reserves.
5. Federal Government budgetary establishments managing State nature reserves the right to provide plots of partial economic use of its employees donated Office holdings in the manner prescribed by the land code of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 23.06.2014 N 171-FZ) (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ), SECT. III. Article 12 NATIONAL PARKS. General provisions 1. National parks belong to the specially protected natural territories of federal importance. Within the boundaries of national parks are allocated to areas where natural Wednesday remains in a natural state and prohibits any not provided for in this federal law activities, and areas in which is limited to economic and other activities in order to preserve the natural and cultural heritage objects and using them for recreational purposes.
2. natural resources and real estate located within the boundaries of national parks and federal property are excluded from civil circulation, if otherwise not stipulated by federal laws.
3. it is prohibited to change the purpose of land located within the boundaries of national parks, except in cases provided for by federal laws.
4. Regulation on the National Park shall be approved by the federal body of executive power, which he is.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ) Article 13. The main tasks of the national parks national parks have the following main tasks: (a)) conservation of natural complexes, unique and natural reference sites and objects;
b) preservation of historical and cultural sites;
in) environmental education;
g) creation of conditions for the controlled tourism and recreation;
d) development and introduction of scientific methods for the conservation of nature and environmental education;
(e) implementation of the State environmental monitoring) (State environmental monitoring Wednesday); (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 331-FZ) f) restoring disturbed natural and historical-cultural complexes and objects.
Article 14. How to create national parks 1. The creation of national parks and expansion of territories national parks implemented the decisions taken by the Government of the Russian Federation on the submission of the Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power.
2. In cases stipulated by federal laws, national parks can be created through the transformation of State natural reserves with a positive conclusion of the State ecological examination materials in support of such a conversion.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ) Article 15. Special protection of territories national parks 1. In order to establish a regime of the National Park zoning is carried out within its territory: a) allocation of the wilderness protection zone, which is designed to preserve the natural Wednesday in a natural state and in which it is prohibited to exercise any economic activity;
b) protected zone, which is designed to preserve the natural Wednesday in a natural state and borders which allowed conducting of excursions, visits to such a zone for tourism;
recreation zone), which is designed to provide and implement recreational activities, development of physical culture and sports, as well as properties of objects in the tourist industry, museums and information centres;

g) zone of protection of objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation, which is intended to preserve these objects and in which allowed the implementation of needed for their conservation activities, as well as recreational activities;
d) zone of economic purpose, which permitted the implementation of activities aimed at ensuring the functioning of the Federal State budget Agency, national park management and functioning citizens residing on the territory of the National Park; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) e) traditional zone of extensive wildlife management, which is intended to ensure vital activity of the small-numbered indigenous peoples of the Russian Federation and in which allowed the implementation of traditional economic activity and related types of sustainable management of natural resources.
(Revision of the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ) 1-1. Reduction of the area of the wilderness protection zone and the area of specially protected zones are not allowed. (Para supplemented by Federal Act of 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ)
2. The territories of national parks is prohibited from any activity that may harm the natural complexes and objects of flora and fauna, cultural and historical sites which is contrary to the goals and objectives of the National Park, including: a) exploration and exploitation of mineral resources;
b) activities entailing violation of soil and geological outcrops;
in) activities entailing changes in hydrological regime;
g) provision for territories national parks horticultural and suburban areas;
d) construction of highways, pipelines, transmission lines and other communications, as well as the construction and operation of commercial and residential buildings, except for objects of that provided for in paragraph 1 of this article, the objects associated with the operation of the national parks and with operation located in their borders of settlements; (As amended by the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ) e) timber (except citizens of billets of wood for own needs), resin harvesting, hunting, commercial fishing and coastal fishing, harvesting fit for human consumption of forest resources (food forest resources), other non-timber forest resources (except the workpiece by citizens of such resources for own needs), involving a violation of conditions of Habitat of objects of flora and fauna , collection of biological collections, introduction of living organisms for their acclimatization; (As amended by the federal laws from 04.12.2006 N 201-FZ; from 03.12.2008 N 250-FZ) f) movement and parking of motorized vehicles not associated with the operation of the national parks domestic animals run off the roads and waterways of common areas and outside places specially provided, wood alloy on watercourses and water bodies; (As amended by federal law from 04.12.2006 N 201-FZ) w) Organization of mass sports and entertainment activities, organization of tourist parks and open fires outside of designated locations;
and export of objects of) historical and cultural value.
3. (repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) 4. (Repealed-the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ) with federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of environmental protection Wednesday agreed issues of socio-economic activities of businesses, as well as projects for human settlements development, situated on the territory of the respective national parks and their buffer zones. (As amended by the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ) (Repealed-the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 365-FZ)
5. Differential treatment special protection (zoning) national parks set the authorized federal body of executive power. (Para supplemented by federal law from 04.12.2006 N 201-FZ)
6. Stay in the territories of national parks (except for sites located within the boundaries of settlements) individuals who are not employees of the federal public budget institutions involved in the management of national parks, officials of the Federal Executive Body in charge of national parks is permitted only with the permission of the Federal State budget institutions engaged in the management of the National Park, or the Federal Executive Body in charge of national parks.

For visiting individuals territories national parks (except for sites located within the boundaries of settlements) to tourism and recreation federal government budgetary management agencies, national parks, the fee which the Federal Executive Body in charge of national parks.

(Para supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ) (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) Article 16. Managing national parks 1. Management of national parks the Federal Government budgetary institutions established in the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Land (including land on which are located in the forest) within the boundaries of national parks are provided federal government budgetary institutions who manage national parks, permanent (indefinite) use in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Within the boundaries of national parks can also be Lland other owners and users without exemption from commercial use.
3. it is prohibited to remove or otherwise the termination of rights to land plots and forest areas, provided by the Federal State budgetary institutions who manage national parks, except in cases provided for by federal laws.
4. Federal Government budgetary establishments managing national parks, may provide within the zone of economic purpose to their employees free of charge Office holdings in the manner prescribed by federal laws. (As amended by the Federal law of 23.06.2014 N 171-FZ)
5. Cultural Heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation, included in the unified State Register of objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) of the peoples of the Russian Federation, the Federal Government provided budgetary institutions who manage national parks, in accordance with the Federal law of June 25, 2002 N 73-FZ "on objects of cultural heritage (monuments of history and culture) of the peoples of the Russian Federation".
6. Federal Government budgetary establishments managing national parks, have its own symbols (flags, pennants, badges and other verbal, Visual and dimensional designations or combinations thereof, reflect the characteristics of national parks), approval and use of which is established by the Federal Executive Body in charge of national parks.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ) Article 17. Features of granting of lot lands, being in federal ownership, lease to individuals and legal entities for the implementation of recreational activities in the territories, national parks 1. Plots that are federally owned and located within the boundaries of the relevant functional zones of national parks can be made available for the implementation of recreational activities, including sports and recreational and sports, citizens and legal persons for rent in accordance with the laws of the land.
2. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of this article, the Federal State budget agency managing national parks, exercises the waiver permanent (indefinite) use referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the plots of land under the conditions and in the manner established by the land legislation.
3. features of preparation of lease agreements referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the plots of land, including those related to compliance with the regime of special protection of the National Park are established by the Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 13.07.2015 g. N 221-FZ), SECT. IV. The NATURAL PARKS of Article 18. General provisions 1. Natural parks are especially protected natural territories of regional importance, within the boundaries of the areas of environmental, cultural or recreational purpose, and accordingly, the prohibitions and restrictions of economic and other activities.
2. natural resources located within the boundaries of natural parks, unless otherwise stipulated by federal laws, limited civil circulation.
3. it is prohibited to change the purpose of land located within the boundaries of national parks, except in cases provided for by federal laws.
4. the situation of the natural park is approved the decision of the highest executive organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ) Article 19. How to create natural parks

The establishment of natural parks implemented the decisions of the Supreme executive body of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 6 of article 2 hereof. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ), Article 20. Management of natural parks 1. Management of natural parks implemented by government agencies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, established in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Land (including land on which are located in the forest) within the boundaries of the natural parks are provided by government agencies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation that manages natural parks, permanent (indefinite) use in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Within the boundaries of parks can also be Lland other owners and users.
4. it is prohibited to remove or other termination of rights to plots of land provided by government agencies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation that manages natural parks, except for the cases stipulated by the land legislation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ), Article 21. The regime of special protection natural territories parks 1. In the territories of natural parks are established special protection modes and use depending on the ecological and recreational value of the natural sites.
2. On this basis on territories of natural parks can be allocated to environmental, recreational, agrohozjajstvennye and other functional zones, including zones of protection of historical and cultural complexes and objects.
3. In the territories of natural parks is prohibited activities, entailing a change historically natural landscape, reduction or destruction of the ecological, aesthetic and recreational qualities of natural parks, a violation of the regime of monuments of history and culture.
4. Within the boundaries of parks may be prohibited or restricted activities, entailing reduction of environmental, aesthetic, cultural and recreational values of their territories.
5. (repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) 6. The specific characteristics of each mode, zoning and natural park shall be determined by the provisions of this natural park, approved by the Government authorities of the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation by agreement with the Federal Executive Body in the field of environmental protection Wednesday and the relevant local authorities.
In the cities of federal importance Moscow and St. Petersburg the powers of local self-government bodies citywide municipal entities to participate in the harmonization of the provisions on natural parks are stipulated by the Federal law features of local self-government organizations in the cities of federal importance. (Revision of the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ) section v. STATE WILDLIFE REFUGES Article 22. General provisions 1. State natural protected areas (water area) are of particular relevance to maintaining or restoring natural systems or their components and the maintenance of ecological balance.
2. announcement of the territory State nature reserve as is allowed with the exemption, with or without removal of the users, owners and the owners of land plots.
3. national wildlife refuges may be federal or regional significance.
4. public wildlife refuges may have a different profile, including: a) complex (landscaped), intended for the conservation and rehabilitation of natural complexes (landscapes);
b) biological (botanical and Zoological) designed for the preservation and restoration of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, including species in the economic, scientific and cultural relations;
b) palaeontological intended to preserve fossil objects;
g) hydrological (Marsh, Lake, River, sea) designed for the preservation and restoration of valuable water and environmental systems;
d) geological, designed to save valuable objects and complexes of inanimate nature.
5. national wildlife refuges administered by the Federal Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power.
Management of State natural protected areas of Federal significance the Federal Government budgetary institutions, including carrying out management of State natural reserves and national parks.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)

6. Subordination and funding organizations authorized State bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to manage state natural protected areas of regional importance, are determined by the relevant State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
7. (repealed-the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ) 8. To ensure the functioning of the State natural refuges are created by their administration.
Article 23. How to create State natural reserves 1. The establishment of the State natural reserves of the Federal Government decisions value is taken by the Russian Federation on the submission of the Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power.
2. establishment of a State natural refuges of regional importance carried out the decisions of the Supreme executive body of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 6 of article 2 hereof.
3. National Wildlife Refuges of regional significance can be created through the transformation of State natural reserves of federal importance carried out the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation on the submission of the Government of the Russian Federation the authorized federal body of executive power and negotiated with the Supreme executive organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the territory of which is the State nature reserve of federal importance. This decision can be taken regarding the State of federal importance nature reserve, located within the boundaries of one subject of the Russian Federation.
4. public wildlife refuges cannot reside in the territories of the State natural reserves and national parks.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ) Article 24. The regime of special protection of the territories of the State natural reserves 1. In the territories of the State natural reserves permanently or temporarily prohibited or restricted by any activity, if it is contrary to the objectives of State natural reserves, or causes damage to natural complexes and their components.
2. objectives and features of special protection regime for the territory of the State nature reserve of Federal significance are defined in the regulation on it, approved by the Federal Executive Body in the field of environmental protection Wednesday. (As amended by the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ)
3. tasks and special protection mode features a particular State natural reserve of regional importance determined by the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, who decided to establish this State natural reserve.
4. In the territories of the State natural reserves, inhabited by small ethnic community, allowed the use of natural resources in the forms of protecting original Habitat Wednesday referred to ethnic communities and preserving their traditional way of life.
5. The owners, owners and users of land plots, which are located within the boundaries of State natural reserves, are obliged to respect the State natural reserves of special protection regime and are responsible for its violation of administrative, criminal or other liability established by law.
SECTION VI. MONUMENTS of NATURE Article 25. General provisions 1. Nature monuments-unique, irreplaceable, precious environmental, scientific, cultural and aesthetic relations of natural complexes and objects of natural and artificial origin.
2. Monuments of nature may be federal, regional value.
Article 26. Procedure for recognition of territories occupied nature monuments, specially protected natural areas 1. Natural objects and complexes are declared natural monuments of Federal significance, and the territory held by them, specially protected natural areas of Federal significance by the Government of the Russian Federation on the nomination of federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of environmental protection Wednesday. (As amended by the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ)
2. Natural objects and complexes are declared natural monuments regional importance and areas occupied by them, specially protected natural areas of regional significance relevant State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

3. State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation claim boundaries and affect the special protection nature territories within their jurisdictions. The transfer of the natural monuments of federal and regional importance and their territories under the protection of persons whose maintenance they passed, making security commitments, passports and other documents are carried out respectively by the Federal Executive Body in the field of environmental protection Wednesday and executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.03.2007 N 37-FZ)
4. announcement of natural complexes and objects, monuments of nature, and the territories occupied by them, the territories of natural monuments is allowed with the seizure of their land from owners, owners and users of these sites.
5. announcement of natural complexes and objects, monuments of nature, and the territories occupied by them, the territories of natural monuments of the federal or regional level is carried out according to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation or by decision of the executive authorities of the relevant constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Appropriate land and water bodies can be seized for public use in the manner prescribed by civil, land and water legislation. (As amended by federal law from 31.12.2014 N 499-FZ), Article 27. Special protection of territories of natural monuments 1. In the territories, which are natural monuments, and within the bounds of their protected zones is prohibited from any activity involving a violation of conservation of monuments of nature.
2. The owners, owners and users of land plots, which are natural monuments to assume obligations to ensure the regime of special protection natural monuments.
3. the expenses of the owners, owners and users of these plots at ensuring special protection regime of natural monuments of federal or regional significance will be reimbursed at the expense of, respectively, the federal budget and the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as extrabudgetary funds. (As amended by the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ), SECTION VII. ARBORETUM and Botanical Gardens Article 28. General provisions 1. Arboretum and botanical gardens are especially protected natural territories, created for the formation of the special collections of plants in order to preserve the fauna and its diversity.
2. natural resources and real estate located within the boundaries of the dendrological parks and botanical gardens, limited civil circulation, if otherwise not stipulated by federal laws.
3. dendrologicheskimi Management of parks and Botanical Gardens is carried out by authorised by the Government of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and subordinate them to public institutions as well as public research organizations and State educational organizations of higher education.
4. Land and forest land within the boundaries of the dendrological parks and Botanic Gardens are available to public agencies who manage the dendrologicheskimi parks and botanical gardens, in permanent (indefinite).
5. the situation of the dendrological Park and Botanical Garden of Federal significance allegedly authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation Federal Executive authority.
6. the situation of the dendrological Park and Botanical Garden of regional significance asserted the Supreme executive organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
7. In cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the situation on the relevant dendrological Park and Botanical Garden is approved by public research organizations and State educational organizations of higher education.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 28.12.2013 g. N 406-FZ), Article 29. The special protection regime territories dendrological parks and Botanical Gardens 1. In the territories of the dendrological parks and Botanical Gardens prohibits activities unrelated to the performance of their tasks and entail damaging floral objects.
2. Territory of the dendrological parks and botanical gardens can be divided into different functional areas, including: (a)) exhibit, a visit which is permitted in the manner prescribed by the respective bodies and agencies manage dendrologicheskimi parks or botanical gardens; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) b) scientifically-experimental, access to which is restricted to the scientific staff of the dendrological parks or botanical gardens, as well as other research institutions;
in) administrative.

3. Tasks, research profile, the peculiarities of the legal status, organizational device, especially the special protection regime specific dendrological Park and the botanical garden are defined in regulations on them, approved by the relevant bodies of executive power, took decisions on the formation of these institutions.
Article 30. Financing of dendrological parks and Botanical Gardens 1. Financing of dendrological parks and Botanical Gardens is financed from the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and other sources not prohibited by the law.
2. Means of dendrological parks and botanical gardens, which they administer in accordance with the established procedure, are all received dendrologicheskimi parks and Botanical Gardens means: (a)) (repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) b) from recreational, advertising and publishing and other activities are not contrary to the objectives of the dendrological parks and botanical gardens;
in) in donations from individuals and legal entities, including foreign nationals and international organizations.
3. (repealed-the Federal law dated 29.12.2004, N 199-FZ) SECTION VIII. (Repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) Article 31. (Repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ), Article 32. (Repealed-federal law 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ) SECTION IX. PROTECTION of SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORIES of Article 33. State supervision and monitoring of municipal protection and management of protected areas 1. Tasks of the State supervision in the field of the protection and use of especially protected natural territories are the prevention, detection and suppression of violations of legal persons, their leaders and other officials, individual entrepreneurs, their authorized representatives (further-legal persons, individual businessmen) and nationals established in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation, this federal law, other federal laws adopted in accordance with them and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation requirements in the field of environmental protection Wednesday, relating to: (a)) of the regime especially protected natural territories;
b) special legal regime for the use of land, natural resources and other objects of real estate located within the boundaries of protected areas;
in the security zones) regime of specially protected natural territories. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
2. On specially protected natural areas of Federal significance State supervision regarding the protection and use of especially protected natural territories is carried out by the authorized federal body of executive power in the exercise of the Federal State environmental supervision in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on environmental protection Wednesday in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. On specially protected natural territories of regional significance State supervision regarding the protection and use of especially protected natural territories is carried out by the authorized bodies of the Executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in carrying out regional public environmental oversight in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on environmental protection Wednesday in the manner prescribed by the highest executive organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
4. On specially protected natural territories of local importance by the authorized bodies of local self-government is carried out by municipal control regarding the protection and use of especially protected natural territories in the manner established by municipal regulations.
5. On specially protected natural territories of federal and regional importance that are managed by State agencies, State supervision regarding the protection and use of especially protected natural territories is carried out by the officials specified government agencies, non-governmental environmental protection inspectors Wednesday. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 18/N 242-FZ) Article 34. Law officials and Government agencies exercising State supervision in the field of protection and management of specially protected natural territories (as amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Officials and Government agencies exercising State supervision in the field of protection and management of specially protected natural territories, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, have the right: (as amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)

a) seek and receive information and documents related to the observance of legal persons, individual entrepreneurs and citizens of requirements of legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories;
b) upon presentation of i.d. and a copy of the order (orders) of the head (Deputy head) a State supervisory authority (State Agency) concerning the appointment of the verification visit located on specially protected natural territories, buildings, premises, installations or other similar items, conduct their examinations, as well as conduct research, tests, examinations, investigations and other enforcement activities; (As amended by the federal laws of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ; 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)) to issue legal persons, individual entrepreneurs and citizens of the provisions on Elimination of revealed violations of the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories, measures to ensure the prevention of harm to the animals, plants and the environment Wednesday, compliance with the regimes of especially protected natural territories;
g) make up protocols on administrative offences involving the violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories, consider the case of the administrative offences code, and take measures to prevent such violations;
d) sent to the authorized bodies of materials related to the violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories, to address the subjects of criminal proceedings on grounds of crimes;
e) to sue individuals and legal entities on the recovery in favour of State natural reserves and national parks to damages caused to natural complexes and objects of State natural reserves and national parks due to violations of the established mode of State natural reserves and national parks.
2. Officials and Government agencies authorized to exercise State supervision in the field of protection and management of specially protected natural territories, non-government environmental protection inspectors Wednesday, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, monitoring activities to especially protected natural territories also have the right: (as amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ) and for testing purposes) to ask the citizens situated on the territory of a State natural reserves and national parks, permission to stay on the specially protected natural territories;
b) seek, in order to verify in case of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs to carry out environmental management documents and other activities on adjacent to the territories of the State natural reserves and national parks in the territories of protected areas;
delay in the Territories) State nature reserves, national parks and their buffer zones of citizens conflict with the legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories, and deliver these citizens in law enforcement agencies;
g) made on the territories of State natural reserves, national parks and their buffer zones inspected vehicles, personal belongings of citizens;
d) confiscate from citizens for violating the law of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories and nature use illegal guns products, vehicles and relevant documents.
3. the State environmental inspectors Wednesday in the performance of their duties, are also established by the legislation of the Russian Federation forest rights officials exercising federal oversight of State forest (forest protection). (As amended by the federal laws of 12.03.2014 N 27-FZ; 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
4. State inspectors in the field of environmental protection have the right Wednesday in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, in the line of duty to apply special means-handcuffs, rubber truncheons, tear gas, devices for forceful stoppage of transport police dogs. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
5. public inspectors of environmental protection Wednesday when carrying out the tasks entrusted to them by this federal law objectives and in the performance of their duties are permitted in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, possession, carrying and use of restricted firearms. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
6. State inspectors Wednesday environmental protection are provided with bullet-proof vests and other means of personal protection. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)

7. State environmental inspectors Wednesday subject to compulsory State insurance in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
8. bodies and federal agencies State budget State supervision in the field of protection and management of protected areas and their buffer zones, can be held by the Court to participate in the case or may enter into the case on his own initiative, to give an opinion on the claim for compensation for harm caused to the environment Wednesday and components as a result of the violation of requirements of legislation of the Russian Federation about specially protected natural territories. (As amended by the Federal law of 28.12.2013 N 406-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 18/N 242-FZ) Article 35. Protection of territories of natural parks, State natural reserves and other protected areas regional and local significance 1. Protection of territories of natural parks, State natural reserves and other protected areas is carried out by the public authorities, which they are, in the order stipulated by normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. Personnel engaged in the protection of territories State natural reserves of Federal significance, enjoy the same rights as State inspectors of environmental protection Wednesday. (As amended by the Federal law of 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ)
3. (repealed-federal law 14.10.2014 N 307-FZ) section x. ACCOUNTABLE for the VIOLATION of ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORIES Article 36. Responsibility for violation of the regime of protected areas 1. (Repealed-federal law out N 196-FZ)
2. The legislation of the Russian Federation establishes criminal liability for violation of the regime of specially protected natural territories.
3. Harm caused to natural objects and complexes within the boundaries of protected areas shall be compensated in accordance with the approved in the prescribed manner the rates and methods of calculating the size of the damage, and in their absence, on the actual cost of their recovery.
SECTION XI. International treaties in the field of ESPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORIES Article 37. International treaties if an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this federal law, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
SECTION XII. Final clauses article 38. Final provisions 1. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. To entrust the Government of the Russian Federation within two months to reconcile with this federal law normative legal acts of the federal bodies of executive power.
3. Rent of land plots, situated within the boundaries of the relevant functional areas who share the territory of national parks, is carried out in accordance with this federal law, unless otherwise stipulated in the Federal law of December 1, 2007 year N 310-FZ "on the Organization and conduct of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi, development of Sochi as Alpine climatic resort and amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation". (Para supplemented by federal law from 27.12.2009 N 379-FZ), the President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow March 14, 1995 N 33-FZ