On Detention Of Persons Suspected Or Accused Of Committing Crimes

Original Language Title: О содержании под стражей подозреваемых и обвиняемых в совершении преступлений

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102036506

RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal Act on detention of persons suspected or accused of committing crimes adopted by the State Duma of the year June 21, 1995 (text as amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ;
from 09.03.2001 N 25-FZ; from 12/31/2002 N 187-FZ;
30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ;
from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ;
from 07.03.2005 N 15-FL; from 15.04.2006 N 50-FZ;
on 05.02.2007 N 9-FL; on 05.02.2007 N 10-FZ;
from 21.07.2007 N 194-FZ; from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ;
from 30.10.2007 г. (N) 241-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ;
from 01.07.2010 N 132-FZ; from 29.12.2010 N 434-FZ;
from Sept. 2, N 4-fl; from 13.04.2011 N 49-FZ;
from 14.04.2011 N 78-F3; from 03.12.2011 N 378-FZ;
from 02.11.2013 N 294-FZ; from 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ;
from 28.12.2013 N 435-FZ; from 03.02.2014 N 7-FZ;
from 28.06.2014 N 193-FZ; from 22.12.2014 N 446-FZ) Chapter i. General provisions article 1. The task of the present Federal Act this federal law regulates and determines the conditions of detention, guarantees of the rights and legitimate interests of persons who, in accordance with the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation detained on suspicion of having committed an offence, and persons suspected or accused of committing an offence in respect of which, in accordance with the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation has been elected as a preventive measure in the form of detention. (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 2. Basic concepts for the purposes of this federal law uses the following concepts: the suspect and the accused persons who, in accordance with the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation detained on suspicion of committing an offence or in respect of which preventive measures in the form of detention. (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 3. Objective of holding in custody persons suspected or accused of committing crimes, the detention of suspects and accused persons (hereinafter detention) is carried out for the purposes stipulated by the criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 4. Principles of detention detention is carried out in accordance with the principles of the rule of law, justice, the presumption of innocence, equality of all citizens before the law, humanism and respect for human dignity, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation and should not be accompanied by torture and other acts intended to cause physical or mental suffering to suspects and accused of committing crimes in custody (hereinafter referred to as suspects or accused persons). (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 5. The grounds of detention Warrant detention of persons detained on suspicion of committing crimes, the detention Protocol is drawn up in the manner prescribed by the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) Grounds for holding in custody persons suspected or accused in custody are elected, is the judgement rendered in the manner prescribed by the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 6. The legal status of suspects and accused persons, suspects and accused of committing crimes are presumed innocent until their guilt is proved in accordance with federal law and established a court sentence properly entered into force. They enjoy the same rights and freedoms and bear the responsibilities established for citizens of the Russian Federation, subject to the restrictions prescribed by this federal law and other federal laws.
Suspects and accused persons, foreign citizens and stateless persons detained in the territory of the Russian Federation are subject to the same obligations and enjoy the rights and freedoms for citizens of the Russian Federation, except as provided for in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this federal law and other federal laws and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
There shall be no discrimination of suspects and accused persons on grounds of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, attitude to religion, convictions, membership of public associations or other circumstances.
Article 7. Places of detention in places of detention of suspects and accused persons are: the remand centres of the penal correction system; (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) (repealed-Federal Act of 15.04.2006 N 50-FZ) temporary detention of suspects and accused persons of internal affairs bodies;
temporary detention of suspects and accused the Federal Security Service of the border authorities. (As amended by the federal laws of the 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 07.03.2005 N 15-FZ)

In cases stipulated by this federal law, detention of suspects and accused persons may be institutions of the penal correction system, performing a criminal penalty of deprivation of liberty (hereinafter the agencies enforcing punishment), and guard. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 29.06.2004 N 58-FZ) in cases where the detention on suspicion of having committed a crime shall be carried out in accordance with the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation the captains of sea-going ships, are in Russia and abroad, or chiefs of wintering in the absence of transport links with zimovkami, suspects are kept in buildings that are defined with specified officials and adapted for these purposes. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) a person or body in charge of the criminal case, must immediately notify one of the relatives of the suspect or accused person on site or on the change of the place of his detention.
In order to monitor, within their competence, without a special permit to visit the detention centres of the penal correction system, temporary detention of suspects and accused police and border authorities of the Federal Security Service, as well as compounds used for the detention of suspects and accused persons in the cases provided for in this federal law, shall have the right to: the President of the Russian Federation;
Chairman Of The Government Of The Russian Federation;
The human rights Ombudsman in the Russian Federation;
representatives of international (inter-State, intergovernmental) organizations on the basis of the relevant international treaties of the Russian Federation;
senior officials of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation (the heads of the highest executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation), ombudspersons in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation within the respective territories;
members of the Council of Federation and deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, as well as the deputies of the legislative (representative) body of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, authorized by the legislative (representative) body of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, within the limits of their respective territories;
The Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, as well as authorized prosecutors and procurators oversee compliance with the law by the administrations of places of detention and detainees within their respective territories;
members of the public observation commissions in the order stipulated by the Federal law of June 10, 2008 year N 76-FZ "on public control over the human rights situation in places of forced detention and on the assistance to persons in places of detention, within the respective territories;

Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation on the rights of the child, the child's rights Commissioners in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation within their respective territories, places of detention where juveniles and pregnant women; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 03.12.2011 N 378-FZ), Authorized the President of the Russian Federation for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs, Commissioners for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation within the boundaries of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation, in order to protect the rights of suspects and defendants in cases involving crimes stipulated in articles 159-159-6, 160, 165 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, when those crimes are committed in business as well as articles 171-172, 173-1-174-1, 176-178, 180, 181, 183, 185-185-4, 190-199-2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 02.11.2013 N 294-FZ) (Part is supplemented by federal law from 13.04.2011 N 49-FZ) Article 8. Remand prisons remand prisons of the penal correction system (hereinafter referred to as remand centres) are intended for the detention of suspects and accused persons with respect to whom as a preventive measure elected detention. Remand centres have the rights of a legal person. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ; from 15.04.2006 N 50-FZ) remand centres of the penal correction system are created, reorganizes and removed the head of the federal body of executive power performing functions for the elaboration and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments. (As amended by the federal laws on 29.06.2004 N 58-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ) (Repealed-Federal Act of 15.04.2006 N 50-FZ)

Funding of remand centres are financed from the federal budget. When the staff number of remand centres remains unchanged for two years with a decrease in the number of suspects and accused persons in cases of amnesty, changes to the legislation of the Russian Federation or in other cases as prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) Article 9. Temporary detention of suspects and accused police and border authorities of the Federal Security Service (the name as amended by federal law 30.06.2003; from 07.03.2005 N 15-FZ) temporary detention of suspects and accused police and border authorities of the Federal Security Service (hereinafter, unless clarification was needed, temporary detention) are designed for detention on suspicion of having committed crimes. (As amended by the federal laws of the 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 07.03.2005 N 15-FZ) in short-term detention isolators in cases, stipulated by the criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation, may temporarily contain suspects and accused persons with respect to whom as a preventive measure elected detention. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) temporary detention Isolators of the internal affairs agencies are police and financed by the federal budget on estimates of the federal body of executive power performing functions on the formulation and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the field of internal affairs. Decision on their establishment, reorganization and liquidation are taken in the manner prescribed by the federal executive body responsible for the elaboration and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the field of internal affairs. (As amended by the federal laws from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ; from 07.02.2011 N 4-FZ) (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) temporary detention border organs of the federal security service created by the border authorities directly involved in guarding the State border of the Russian Federation, and are financed from the federal budget on estimates of the federal body of executive power in the area of security. Decision on their establishment, reorganization and liquidation are taken in the manner prescribed by the head of the federal body of executive power in the area of security. (As amended by the federal laws of the 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 07.03.2005 N 15-FL; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ; from 22.12.2014 N 446-FZ), Article 10. The use of penal institutions for the detention of suspects and accused persons, convicts serving a sentence in penal institutions detained on suspicion of committing another crime, may be contained in these institutions, but in isolation from convicts serving sentences. (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ), suspects and accused persons with respect to whom elected as a preventive measure, detention could be kept in prisons or in the territories of penal institutions, in specially equipped premises for these purposes operating in the mode of remand prisons. List of correctional facilities in the territories which may contain suspects and accused, alleged to be the head of the federal body of executive power performing functions for the elaboration and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments, in consultation with the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ), suspects and accused persons with respect to whom elected as a preventive measure of detention, in the case of the appointment of the examiner on the grounds provided by the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation, as well as in the case of medical assistance are placed in medical organizations in the manner provided by paragraph 2 of article 24 of this federal law. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ), Article 11. Use gauptvaht for the detention of suspects and accused persons, suspects and accused persons, soldiers found on centres in cases and by the procedure provided for in the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation, this federal law and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; 03.02.2014 N 7-FZ) Article 12. The staff of detention centres

To the staff of places of detention are ordinary and commanding structure of bodies of Internal Affairs, the staff of the institutions and bodies of criminally-Executive system, military organs of the Federal Security Service and the armed forces of the Russian Federation, acting to ensure the detention regime. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 07.03.2005 N 15-FZ) for a period of execution of the obligation to provide a regime of detention captains of vessels and wintering chiefs, as well as their authorized persons are subject to the same obligations and enjoy the rights provided by this federal law officers to places of detention.
Under the chiefs of places of detention in the present Federal law refers to: heads of detention centres;
Heads of institutions enforcing penalties;
Chiefs of the temporary detention isolators;
Heads of border guard authorities, the Federal Security Service, in charge of the temporary detention isolators; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 446-FZ), commanders of military units, heads of border guard authorities, the Federal Security Service, in charge of prisons; (As amended by the federal laws of 03.02.2014 N 7-FZ; 22.12.2014 N 446-FZ) chiefs of gauptvaht. (As amended by the Federal law of 03.02.2014 N 7-FZ) Article 13. Grounds for transfer of suspects and accused persons held in remand centres, temporary detention, suspects and accused persons, contained in the remand centres, can be transferred to temporary detention in cases where it is necessary for the performance of investigative, trial outside built-up areas where the remand centres, of which the daily delivery of them is impossible, at the time of the action and the judicial process, but not more than ten days during the month.
The basis for such a transfer is the ruling of the investigator or person conducting the initial inquiry or the decision of the Court. (As amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) Article 14. Custody time limits for the detention of suspects and accused persons are determined by the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) Article 15. The regime in places of detention in custody is established regime ensuring respect for the rights of suspects and defendants, the performance of their duties, their isolation, as well as the tasks stipulated by the criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) regime rests with the Administration, as well as to the staff of places of detention, which bear the legal responsibility for nonperformance or improper performance of their duties.
Article 16. Internal regulations in places of detention in order to ensure the regime in places of detention by the federal executive body responsible for formulating and implementing State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments, the federal body of executive power responsible for the elaboration and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the field of Internal Affairs, the Federal Executive Body in the field of security , federal executive body responsible for formulating and implementing State policy, normative-legal regulation in the field of defence, in consultation with the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation approved by the internal regulations of the places of detention of suspects and accused persons (hereinafter referred to as the regulations).
(As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ) internal regulations prescribes: 1) reception of suspects and accused persons by the Chambers;
2) conducting body searches, fingerprinting, photographing, as well as inspection of property of suspects and accused persons;
3) the removal of suspects and the accused objects, substances and food products banned for storage and use;
4) domestic logistics ensure that suspects and accused persons;
5) acquisition of suspects and defendants, as well as food essentials and other manufactured goods;
6) reception and issue of suspects and accused persons parcels,;
7) receive and send suspects and defendants telegrams, letters, remittances;
8) suspects and defendants proposals, statements and complaints;
9) administration of suspects and defendants worship;
10) attract suspects and accused persons to work;
11) involvement of suspects and accused persons in the family-legal relations and civil-legal transactions;

12) holding of suspects and accused persons subscription to newspapers and magazines;
13) health care of suspects and accused persons;
14) holding daily walks of suspects and accused persons;
15) undertaking visits of suspects and accused persons enumerated in article 18 hereof, except for visits from defence counsel; (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 78-FZ) 16) ensure participation of suspects, accused persons and defendants in investigation and court proceedings;
17) personal reception of suspects and accused persons by the Chief places of detention and persons authorized by him;
18) issuing bodies of suspects and accused persons who have died in custody.
In addition, internal regulations sets out rules for the conduct of suspects and accused persons in custody, list and number of foodstuffs, necessities, shoes, clothing, and other industrial goods that suspects and accused persons may carry, store, retrieve, in premises, transfers and purchase by wire transfer, as well as a list of services provided to suspects and accused persons for a set fee.
CHAPTER II. The RIGHTS of SUSPECTS and defendants and THEIR PROVISION of Article 17. The rights of suspects and accused persons, suspects and accused persons have the right to: 1) to receive information about their rights and responsibilities, mode of detention, disciplinary requirements, submission of proposals, applications and complaints;
2) personal security in places of detention;
3) request personal interviews to the Chief places of detention and persons who supervises detention facilities, while those persons in its territory;
4) visits with counsel;
5) to communicate with relatives and other persons listed in article 18 hereof;
6) keep in possession of documents and records related to the case or relating implement their rights and legitimate interests, except those documents and records that may be used for illegal purposes, or which contain information constituting a State secret or other secret protected by law;
7) to submit suggestions, statements and complaints, including in court, on the question of the legality of and grounds for their detention and violations of their legitimate rights and interests;
8) correspond and enjoy writing materials;
9) receive free food, household and health provision, including their participation in investigation and court proceedings;
10) for eight hours of sleep at night, during which prohibits their involvement in procedural and other actions, except as provided for in the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation; (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) 11) enjoy daily walks lasting at least one hour;
12) use their own bedding, as well as other things and objects, the list and amount of which shall be determined by the internal regulations;
13) use the literature and editions of periodicals from the library places of detention or acquired through the administration of detention facilities in the commercial network, as well as Board Games;
14) worship in the premises of the place of detention of suspects and accused persons to be in possession of religious literature, religious items, subject to house rules and other rights of suspects and accused persons;
15) to be engaged in self-education and use special literature;
16) receive parcels;
17) to civil treatment by staff of the place of detention;
18) to participate in civil-law transactions.
Suspects and accused persons with respect to whom as a preventive measure elected detention and contained in remand centres and prisons, also have the right: (as amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) 1) send and receive remittances;
2) enter into and dissolve the marriage, to participate in other family-legal relations in case this does not contradict this federal law;
3) acquire food and daily necessities in the store (stall) the detention facilities (prisons) or through the administration of detention facilities in the commercial network;
4) to subscribe to newspapers and magazines and get them;
5) receive from the Administration if necessary clothes for the season, allowed to wear in places of detention;
6) pay telephone calls in the presence of technical opportunities and under the control of the Administration with the permission of the person or organ conducting the criminal proceedings or the Court. How you organize your telephone conversations shall be determined by the Federal Executive authority, which has jurisdiction over the place of detention. (Para supplemented by federal law from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), suspects and accused persons in custody under appropriate conditions are provided with the opportunity to work.

Article 18. Visits from defence counsel, relatives and other persons, suspects and accused persons are granted visits from defence counsel from the moment of actual detention. Visits are provided to private and confidential without limiting their number and length, except as provided for in the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation. Visits are available upon presentation of Defender lawyer identity and order. Discovery counsel other documents is prohibited. If a person participates as counsel, then see him available on presentation of an appropriate ruling or order of the Court, as well as a document certifying his identity. The Defender does not allow the territory of places of detention, technical communication, as well as technical means (device) to allow filming, audio and video recording. The territory of places of detention, the Defender shall carry copy reproduction techniques and camera equipment only for copying with the materials of the criminal case, computers and enjoy such copiers copying equipment and photographic equipment, computers, only in the absence of the suspect or accused in a separate room, determined by the administration of the place of detention. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 14.04.2011 N 78-FZ) Visits a suspect or accused with his or her defence counsel may take place in conditions allowing the custodial officer to see them, but not to hear. If you attempt to transfer defender of the suspect or accused to the storage and use of prohibited objects, substances and food date terminates immediately. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 14.04.2011 N 78-FZ), suspects and accused persons on the basis of a written permission of the person or body dealing with the criminal case may be granted for no more than two visits per month from relatives and other persons for a period of up to three hours each.
Visits from relatives and other persons are supervised by staff of the place of detention in the case of attempts to transfer the suspect or accused person prohibited for storage and use of objects, substances and foodstuffs or information which might hinder the establishment of the truth in a criminal case or aid the Commission of an offence, are terminated prematurely. (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 78-FZ), suspects and accused persons on the basis of a written permission of the person or body dealing with the criminal case, provided the meeting with their representatives in the European Court of human rights and persons providing them with legal assistance in connection with the intent to appeal to the European Court of human rights. Date is not permitted if it may cause obstruction of the production in a criminal case. Visits are provided to private and confidential without limiting their number and length and can occur in conditions allowing the custodial staff member see but not hear them. Representatives of suspects and accused persons in the European Court of human rights and the individuals who provide them with legal assistance in connection with the intent to appeal to the European Court of human rights, it is forbidden to bring into the territory of the detention facilities of technical means of communication, as well as technical means (device) to allow filming, audio and video recording. If you attempt to transfer the suspect or accused person prohibited for storage and use of objects, substances and food date terminates immediately. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.06.2014 N 193-FZ) Article 18-1. Conducting interviews members of public Supervisory Commission with suspects or accused persons in detention Holding interviews members of public Supervisory Commission with suspects or accused persons in detention, on ensuring their rights in places of detention is carried out in conditions allowing representative authority of the respective places of detention to see them and hear. (Article supplemented by federal law from 01.07.2010 N 132-FZ) Article 19. The right to personal safety when threats to life and health of a suspect or accused or threats to commit a crime against the person by other suspects or accused employees of places of detention must immediately take measures to ensure the personal safety of the suspect or the accused.
Article 20. The correspondence of suspects and accused persons are allowed to correspond with relatives and other persons with no limit on the number of received and sent telegrams and letters. Send and receive correspondence shall be carried out at the expense of suspects and accused persons.

Correspondence of suspects and accused persons is carried out only through the administration of the place of detention and censored. Censorship is carried out by the administration of the place of detention and, if necessary, by a person or body in charge of the criminal case.
Letters containing information that might hinder the establishment of the truth in a criminal case or aid the Commission of an offence, made tajnopis'ju, encryption, containing State secret or other secret protected by law, is not sent to the recipient, suspects and accused persons are handed over and not transferred to the person or body in charge of the criminal case.
Correspondence of suspects and accused persons detained in penal institutions, carried out with the permission of the person or body dealing with the criminal case.
Handing in letters received in the name of the suspect or accused, as well as sending his letters to addressees are made by the administration of the place of detention no later than three days from the date of receipt of the letters or putting it suspects or accused persons, with the exception of holidays and weekends. If necessary, transfer letters in the State language of the Russian Federation or the State language of the Russian Federation letter transfer period may be extended by the time needed for translation.
Information about the death or serious illness of a close relative to the suspect or accused shall be reported immediately after their receipt.
Letters received in the name of the suspect or the accused after his departure from the place of detention, no later than three days after their receipt is sent at his departure.
Article 21. The direction of the proposals, statements and complaints, suggestions, statements and complaints addressed to suspects and accused persons to the State authorities, local self-government bodies and public associations shall be transmitted, through the administration of the place of detention.
Suggestions, statements and complaints addressed to the Procurator's Office, the courts or other public authorities, who are eligible for the supervision of places of detention of suspects and accused persons, the Commissioner for human rights in the Russian Federation, Authorized the President of the Russian Federation on the rights of the child, Authorized the President of the Russian Federation for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs, human rights Ombudsman of the Russian Federation, the Commissioner for the rights of the child in the Russian Federation , Commissioner for the protection of the rights of entrepreneurs in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the European Court of human rights, are not subject to censorship and not later than the submission of the proposal, statement or complaint of the working day are sent to the addressee in a sealed package. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 03.12.2011 N 378-FZ; from 02.11.2013 N 294-FZ) proposals, statements and complaints addressed to other public authorities, associations, public survey Commission as well as defender, should be considered by the administration of the place of detention and sent not later than three days from the moment of their submission. (As amended by federal law from 01.07.2010 N 132-FZ) on proposals, statements and complaints that contain information that might hinder the establishment of the truth in a criminal case or aid the Commission of an offence, the executed tajnopis'ju, encryption, containing State secret or other secret protected by law, applies the order imposed by part 3 of article 20 hereof.
Complaints about the actions and decisions of the Court, the person conducting the inquiry, the investigator or the Prosecutor shall be made in the manner prescribed by the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation not later than three days from the moment of their submission. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) responses to suggestions, statements and complaints are declared suspects and accused persons against signature and shall be attached to their personal business. At the request of the suspects and accused persons by means of the authorities of the custodial facility makes a copy of the reply and throws her up. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) responses to oral statements of suspects and accused persons are declared to them during the day. In the event that additional verification answer is given within five days. Response to the written complaint to the Administration should be given within ten days. (New part seven supplemented by federal law from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) is not allowed in any form of harassment of suspects and accused persons for requesting proposals, statements or complaints in connection with a violation of their rights and legitimate interests. Officials in places of detention, guilty of such persecution bear responsibility in accordance with the law. (Part of the seventh eighth in regarded as part of the revision of the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 22. Nutrition, food and basic necessities

Suspects and accused are provided with free meals, sufficient to maintain health and strength according to the rules defined by the Government of the Russian Federation. Suspects and accused persons are granted the right to acquire cashless food, daily necessities, as well as other industrial products.
Article 23. Domestic logistics provision to suspects and accused persons are created conditions which meet the requirements of hygiene, sanitation and fire safety.
Suspects and accused persons are granted an individual berth.
Suspects and accused persons are given free bedding, crockery and cutlery, toilet paper, as well as on their request in case of absence of necessary funds to personal accounts of their individual hygiene products (SOAP, tooth brush, tooth paste (tooth powder), disposable Shaver (male), personal hygiene (for women). (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), all cameras are provided with means of broadcasting, and possibly TVs, fridges and ventilation equipment. The Chamber issued publications and literature periodicals of the custodial library or purchased through the administration of detention facilities in the commercial network, as well as Board Games. According to a statement from suspects and accused persons in the cell radio may be suspended or set a timetable for listening to the radio. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) Norm sanitary area in the Chamber for a single person is set at four square meters.
Article 24. Health care providing medical assistance and provision of sanitary-epidemiological welfare in places of detention are organized in accordance with the legislation in the field of health. The administration of these locations are required to comply with sanitary requirements to ensure the health of suspects and accused persons. (As amended by the Federal law of 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ) Order providing medical, including psychiatric, assistance to suspects and accused persons, as well as their content in health organizations and bring to their service medical staff of these organizations are determined by the Federal Executive authority which carries out the functions of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of health, the Federal agency responsible for formulating and implementing State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments , the Federal Executive Body in the field of security and the federal executive body responsible for the elaboration and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the field of internal affairs. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ; from 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ) in the case of a suspect or accused person bodily harm his medical examination is conducted promptly by health professionals medical organizations providing medical assistance in a place of detention. The results of the medical examination are recorded in the prescribed manner and shall be communicated to the suspect or accused. At the request of the suspects or accused persons or their counsel shall be given a copy of the opinion of the medical examination. Upon the decision of the head of the place of detention or the person or body in charge of the criminal case, or at the request of the suspect or the accused or his counsel medical examination is carried out by health professionals other health organizations. Should such a request be denied, an appeal may be lodged with the Procurator or the Court. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ) If the deterioration of the health of a suspect or accused employees of places of detention without delay take steps to organize the provision of medical assistance to the suspect or accused. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ) If, in the manner prescribed by part one of article 1-110 of the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation, the suspect or accused of committing a crime of serious disease, preventing his detention and certified medical opinion given by the results of medical examination, copies of the medical report shall be sent to the Chief places of detention or by a person acting a person or body in charge of the criminal case, the suspect or accused of committing a crime and his counsel during the calendar day following the day of receipt of medical opinion in the administration of the place of detention. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 29.12.2010 N 434-FZ)

In case of serious illness or death of a suspect or accused the authorities of the custodial facility shall immediately notify his close relatives and the Prosecutor, who, on his own initiative or a declaration by relatives of the ill or deceased person can verify this fact. The body of the deceased after post-mortem studies, as well as actions under the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation transmitted to the persons it vostrebovavshim. The burial of the deceased whose body is not claimed within thirty days, is carried out at the expense of the State. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 25. Receipt of parcels, remittances and the suspects and accused persons are allowed to receive unlimited number of parcels, the weight of which should not exceed the norms stipulated by the postal regulations, as well as the transfer, weighing no more than thirty kilograms per month. Weight may not be restricted for minors, patients suffering from serious diseases (if any medical advice of the doctors to places of detention), pregnant women and women with children under three years of age.
Remittances to suspects and accused persons in detention centres, are credited to their accounts. With the permission of the administration of places of detention of suspects and accused persons of their funds to send financial remittances to relatives or other persons.
The authorities of the custodial facility receives medication for suspects and accused persons recommended by the doctor's decision. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) Objects, substances and foods that pose a danger to life and limb or can be used as an instrument of a crime or to prevent the objectives of detention prohibits the transfer of suspects and accused persons.
Hiding from inspection or transfer of suspects and accused persons to the storage and use of prohibited objects, substances and foods, as well as the transfer of any items, substances and foodstuffs in defiance of established rules entail liability in accordance with the administrative and criminal law.
Article 26. Additional paid services under appropriate conditions the administration of places of detention provides additional suspects and accused individuals paid household and health services, the list and the procedure for the granting of which shall be established by internal regulations. The administration of places of detention provides counsel on request services on copying the materials of the criminal case in the manner and within the tariffs, which are established by the Government of the Russian Federation. When the reimbursement of legal aid provider to the Defender for the purpose of initial inquiry authorities, pre-trial investigation authorities or court is financed from the federal budget. (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 78-FZ), Article 27. Involvement of suspects and accused persons to work under appropriate conditions suspects and accused persons at their request are encouraged to work in the territory of remand centres and prisons.
Working conditions of suspects and accused persons shall meet the requirements of safety, sanitation and hygiene. Suspects and accused persons are entitled to receive appropriate remuneration for their work.
Wages of suspects and accused persons after the deductions provided for by law, shall be transferred to their personal accounts.
In order to attract suspects and accused labour of remand centres can carry out its own production activities in accordance with the effective legislation.
Income from production activities of suspects and accused persons in remand centres, after payment of compulsory payments to the relevant budgets, used to improve the conditions of detention of suspects and accused persons, as well as to development of social sphere of remand prisons. Production activity of remand centres shall be exempt from federal taxes in the manner prescribed by tax law.
Article 28. Ensuring the participation of suspects and accused persons in the investigation and court hearings, the administration of places of detention at the direction of the investigator or person conducting the initial inquiry or the Court (judge) provides: (as amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) of suspects and accused persons in places of detention and transfer them to send the convoy to its destination;
the provision on the territory of the detention facilities of the equipped premises for holding investigative actions of outpatient forensic psychiatric and other examinations.

The release of suspects and accused persons from participating in the investigation and court hearings are carried out on the grounds provided for in the code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ), Article 29. Participation of suspects and accused persons in civil law transactions of suspects and accused persons are entitled with the permission of the person or body in charge of the criminal case and in the manner prescribed by the internal rules, to participate in civil-law transactions through their representatives or directly, except for cases stipulated by the criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) Article 30. Especially the detention of women suspects and accused women can have children under three years of age.
In custody for pregnant women and women with children, created the superior material and domestic conditions, organized medical assistance of that kind and set higher standards for food and clothing ensure that are defined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ) do not allow limitations on the duration of daily walks of pregnant women and women with children.
Pregnant women and women with children, cannot be applied as disciplinary measures placement in a punishment cell.
If necessary, the authorities of the custodial facility may initiate an application in accordance with the law on the temporary transfer of the child to relatives or other persons, or in an institution.
Article 31. Features of juvenile detention for minors to suspects and accused persons created improved material conditions and set higher nutritional standards, defined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Daily walks of juvenile suspects and accused persons shall be established for a period of not less than two hours. During walks, minors are given the opportunity for physical exercise and sports games.
When there are conditions of juvenile suspects and accused persons, their films are shown organized by watching television, equipped premises for sports and other leisure activities, as well as the outdoor sports fields.
Juvenile suspects and accused persons, the conditions for self-education, held cultural and educational work, they receive social and psychological assistance, as well as assistance in obtaining primary General, basic general, secondary education in the manner determined by the federal executive body responsible for formulating and implementing State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments, the federal body of executive power responsible for the elaboration and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of Internal Affairs , by agreement with the Federal Executive authority which carries out the functions of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of education. (As amended by the federal laws from 21.07.2007 N 194-FZ; from 28.12.2013 N 435-FZ) Juvenile suspects and accused persons are permitted to acquire and receive textbooks and school supplies, as well as to receive their broadcasts and assumptions in excess of the standards set out in article 25 of this federal law.
CHAPTER III. PROVIDING isolation and PREVENTING WRONGDOING in detention facilities Article 32. Basic requirements to ensure the isolation of suspects and accused persons held in communal or solitary confinement in accordance with the requirements of segregation, provided for in article 33 of this federal law.
Placing of suspects and accused persons in solitary confinement for more than one day allowed a substantiated ruling by the head of the place of detention, the Procurator. Does not require the approval of the Prosecutor on the placement of suspects and accused persons in solitary confinement under the following circumstances: when there is no other way to enforce segregation requirements set out in article 33 of this federal law;
in the interest of safety of life and health of a suspect or accused or other suspects or accused;
a written statement by a suspect or an accused on a single content;
When placing of suspects and accused persons in solitary confinement at night, if the day they held in communal cells.
Negotiations are not allowed, transfer any items and correspondence of suspects and accused persons, suspects and accused persons, contained in other cameras or other places of detention premises.

Negotiations, the transfer of any items and correspondence of suspects and accused persons at large, are carried out in accordance with the requirements of this federal law.
The basic requirements for isolation must be observed when moving the suspects and accused persons outside their places of detention.
Article 33. Separate accommodation Accommodation in cells of suspects and accused persons in cells according to their personality and psychological compatibility. Smokers as possible shall be segregated from nonsmokers.
When placing of suspects and accused persons, as well as prisoners in cells must comply with the following requirements: 1) separately contains: men and women;
minors and adults; in exceptional cases, with the agreement of the Prosecutor in cells where juveniles may positively characterized by adults, first brought to criminal responsibility for prestuplenijanebol'shoj and moderate; (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) first attracted to criminal responsibility, and those previously contained in the places of deprivation of liberty;
suspects and accused persons, as well as convicts, sentences for which entered into legal force;
suspects and accused one criminal case;
2) separately from other suspects and defendants: suspects and accused of offences against the foundations of the constitutional order and security of the State and of offences against the peace and security of mankind; (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ) suspected and accused of committing the following crimes under the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: murder; murder by a mother of her newborn child; intentional infliction of serious harm to health; HIV-infection; kidnapping; rape; violent acts of a sexual nature; trafficking in minors; robbery; robbery; extortion, aggravated; terrorism; the taking of hostages; Organization of an illegal armed formation; banditry; Organization of a criminal association (criminal organization); piracy; an attempt on the life of a person administering justice or a preliminary investigation; an attempt on the life of a law enforcement officer; disruption of the normal functioning of institutions providing isolation from society; (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ), suspects and accused persons in case of especially dangerous recidivism; (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ) sentenced to death; (Repealed-the Federal law dated 05.02.2007 N 9-FZ) of persons who are or were judges, lawyers, law enforcement personnel, tax inspectorate, customs authorities, bailiffs, agencies and bodies of criminally-Executive system, Interior troops servicemen of the federal body of executive power performing functions on the formulation and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the sphere of Internal Affairs; (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; from 09.03.2001 N 25-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ) to address the administration of the place of detention, either by written decision of the person or body in charge of the criminal case, suspects and accused persons, life and health at risk from other suspects and accused persons;
patients of infectious diseases or in need of special medical care and observation.
Article 34. Protection of suspects and accused persons and supervision of suspects and accused persons are in custody and under guard supervision and travel through the territories of these places either under police escort, accompanied by staff of the place of detention. In order to implement the oversight can be used audio and video equipment.
Suspects and accused persons are subjected to body searches, fingerprinting and photographing. The rooms in which they are placed, are searched and their possessions, parcels-search.
The money found in places of detention, shall be credited to the account of their owner, and securities and valuables shall be deposited.
Prohibited objects, substances and foodstuffs seized from suspects and accused persons shall be deposited or destroyed a substantiated ruling by the head of the place of detention, what is the relevant Act.
Supervision with sanitized and personal searches of suspects and accused persons are carried out by employees of the places of detention of one sex from suspects and accused persons.

If there are sufficient grounds to suspect persons in an attempt to carry any prohibited articles, substances and food employees of places of detention has the right to examine their belongings and clothing when entering and exiting the territories places of detention, as well as inspection of incoming and outgoing vehicles, seizure of objects, substances and foods forbidden for storage and use of suspects and defendants. Not subject to search things and clothes of persons which are criminal cases and suspects and accused persons who have right of control and supervision of places of detention.
In places of detention with a view to identifying, preventing, combating and detecting crime investigations are conducted in the manner prescribed by law.
Article 35. Securing sensitive claims adjacent to the detention facilities on the territories the territories directly adjacent to the insulators insulators and investigative detention and whose boundaries are defined by the local authorities on presentation of the internal affairs authorities, territorial bodies of criminally-Executive system and organs of the Federal Security Service may establish operating requirements. (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ) Article 36. The main duties of suspects and accused persons, suspects and accused persons are obliged to: 1) comply with the order of detention established by this federal law and internal regulations;
2) to perform the legitimate demands of the administration of places of detention;
3) comply with the requirements of hygiene and sanitation;
4) comply with fire safety rules;
5) treat the property of places of detention;
6) cleaning of the Chambers and other rooms in order of priority;
7) not to commit actions, demeaning places of detention of suspects and accused persons, as well as other persons;
8) not to interfere with the employees of places of detention, as well as other persons providing the order of detention, in the performance of their duties;
9) not to commit intentional acts that threaten their own life and health and the lives and health of other persons.
Suspects and accused persons are forbidden to carry objects, substances and foods forbidden for storage and use in accordance with part 4 of article 25 hereof, as well as keep them and use them.
Article 37. Incentives and their application for the exemplary performance of duties, observance of the established procedure for the detention of suspects and accused persons may apply measures of encouragement: early withdrawal penalties imposed previously;
cash prize for the best performance;
juvenile suspects and accused an additional demonstration of the film permit additional visits to premises for sporting activities, as well as other forms of leisure.
The promotion applies to the Chief places of detention or his Deputy.
Bonuses for the best performance is achieved through income from labour, suspects and accused persons.
Prize money will be credited to the account of the suspect or accused.
Article 38. Penalties for failure to comply with assigned responsibilities to suspects and accused persons may apply disciplinary measures: reprimand;
placement in a punishment cell or solitary confinement in the guardhouse for up to fifteen days, and juvenile suspects and accused persons for a period of up to seven days.
Article 39. Order enforcement purposes Penalties for violations of the established order of detention imposed by the Chief places of detention or his Deputy, except as provided by paragraph 3 of article 40 of this federal law. For one violation on the culprit may not be imposed for more than one.
Recovery shall be imposed in the circumstances of the breach and the behavior of the suspect or the accused. Punishment can be imposed not later than ten days from the date of the detection of irregularities, and if, in connection with the violation reviewed-since its end, but no later than two months from the date of Commission of the breach. The exaction is applied, as a rule, immediately and in case of impossibility of its immediate application no later than a month from the day of its overlay.
Prior to the imposition of penalty on the suspect or accused is taken a written explanation. Persons who are unable to give a written explanation, assists the administration. In case of refusal to provide explanations on the relevant Act is drawn up. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) Recovery in the form of a reprimand is imposed in oral or written form, other foreclosure-in writing.
Suspects and defendants have the right to appeal penalties to a higher-ranking official, Prosecutor or the Court. Filing a complaint does not suspend the execution of the penalty.
Article 40. Content in the Dungeon of the suspects and accused persons may be placed in solitary confinement or isolation room for:

harassment and insult other suspects and accused;
the attack on the staff of the place of detention or other persons;
disobedience to lawful demands of employees of places of detention or other persons or insult them;
repeated violation of the rules of isolation;
possession, manufacture and consumption of alcohol, psychotropic substances;
possession, manufacture and use of other objects, substances and food products banned for storage and use;
participation in gambling;
disorderly conduct.
Punishment in the form of placement in a punishment cell shall also apply to suspects and accused persons, which had previously been applied two or more disciplinary punishments under article 38 hereof.
Placement in a punishment cell shall be carried out on the basis of the decision of the Chief of the detention and imprisonment of medical workers about the possibility of finding a suspect or accused person in solitary confinement.
Detention of suspects and accused persons in solitary confinement singles. In the Dungeon of the suspects and accused persons are provided with an individual berth and bedding during sleep only during set periods. During the period of detention in solitary confinement, suspects and accused persons is prohibited, except for visits correspondence dates with counsel and interviews with members of the public Supervisory Commission, as well as food and necessities, receive parcels and broadcasts, the use of Board games, watching television. Send and transfer of suspects and defendants are awarded after the end of their stay in solitary confinement. Suspects and accused persons, contained in the punishment cell, enjoy daily walks lasting one hour. (As amended by the federal laws from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; on 05.02.2007 N 10-FZ; from 01.07.2010 N 132-FZ) other restrictions not provided for by this article shall in respect of suspects and accused persons held in solitary confinement shall not be permitted. The direction of their proposals, statements and complaints shall be as provided for in article 21 hereof.
The Chief places of detention has the right to postpone the execution of penalties in the form of placement in a punishment cell, shorten the detention in solitary confinement or early release of the suspect or accused from punishment in the light of medical evidence or otherwise. If a suspect or accused in the grace period has not committed new violations, he may be exempted from penalties.
Article 41. Liability of suspects and accused persons, suspects and accused persons are liable for the damage caused to the State during his detention: material damage caused in the course of employment, in the amounts provided for in labour legislation;
caused by other actions-size stipulated by civil legislation.
Size of material damage caused by the State a suspect or an accused shall be determined by Decree of the Chief of the detention facilities.
The Ordinance declares the suspect or accused person against receipt and may be appealed to a higher officer, Prosecutor or court.
In case of refusal of voluntary reimbursing it shall be collected in accordance with the law.
Amounts charged incorrectly for material damage caused, shall be surrendered to the suspect or accused and credited to his account.
At the request of the suspect or the accused suffered material damages may be recovered by his relatives or other persons with their consent.
In the case of the convicted person in the institution, executing the penalty, IA an unrepaired damage to property shall be collected by the administration of the Agency funds to the personal account of the prisoner.
In the case of the release of the suspect or accused from custody not reimbursed them material damage can be imposed by a decision of the Court in civil proceedings.
Material damage caused by the fault of the suspect or accused the administration of places of detention shall be collected in accordance with the law.
Article 42. Measures taken in case of refusal of the meal When determining whether the refusal by a suspect or accused of eating the Chief places of detention or his Deputy is obliged to ascertain the reasons for the failure of food and notify the person or body in charge of the criminal case, as well as the Prosecutor who exercises supervision over compliance with the law in places of detention.
In case the validity of the reasons for the refusal of the suspect or accused from eating the custodial Administration takes steps to respond to the charges against suspects or accused persons data requirements. If you cannot immediately comply with these requirements to the suspect or accused shall be issued clarifications and measures to meet them.
The suspect or accused, refusing the meal is contained separately from other possible suspects and accused and is under the supervision of a medical professional.

Measures, including coercive measures aimed at maintaining the health of refusing from eating the suspect or accused, if his life was in danger, carried out on the basis of a written opinion in the presence of a doctor and a medical worker.
Refraining from eating the suspect or accused does not prevent its transfer or escorting in other places of detention, as well as participation in the investigation and court hearings. Based on the findings of the physician transfer or conveyance shall be made accompanied by a medical professional. (As amended by the Federal law of 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ) Article 43. The use of physical force, special means, gas weapons and firearms in places of detention, the use of physical force, special means, gas weapons and firearms by places of detention or other staff of the institutions and bodies of the penal system, as well as employees of internal affairs bodies, privlekajushhimisja for the rule of law, is permitted only on the basis and in the cases stipulated by this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ) Article 44. The use of physical force in custody physical strength in places of detention may be imposed on the suspect or the accused to prevent an imminent and his/her offence or overcome his counter to the legitimate demands of employees of places of detention, if non-violent methods do not provide cessation or execute licit requirements.
Article 45. The application of special means in places of detention in special detention facilities can be applied in the following cases: 1) to reflect the attacks of a suspect or accused person on the staff of places of detention and other persons;
2) for crowd control or group violations of the established regime of detention;
3) to suppress the illegal actions of the suspect or accused insubordination to legal demands, providing places of detention officers or other employees of the agencies and bodies of the penal system, as well as employees of internal affairs bodies involved to ensure the rule of law; (As amended by the Federal law of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ) 4) to release the hostages, seized buildings, premises, installations and means of transport;
5) to suppress the escape attempts of the suspect or accused from detention or from under the convoy;
6) to thwart attempts by the suspect or accused to harm others;
7) to thwart attempts by the suspect or accused to harm yourself.
As a special means can be applied: rubber stick-in cases stipulated in points 1-6 of the first paragraph of this article;
handcuffs-in cases stipulated in points 2, 5-7 of the first paragraph of this article; in the absence of handcuffs places of detention officers may use improvised means binding;
and means of distracting effects in cases stipulated in points 1-4, and 6 of the first paragraph of this article;
means of destruction of obstacles-in cases stipulated in paragraph 4 of this article;
water cannons and armored vehicles-in cases stipulated in points 2 and 4 of the first paragraph of this article;
dogs-in cases stipulated in clauses 1-6 of the first paragraph of this article.
Article 46. The use of gas weapons in detention centres Gas weapons could be used in cases stipulated in points 1-6 of the first paragraph of article 45.
Article 47. The use of firearms in places of detention of firearms in places of detention may be applied in the following cases: 1) for protection against attacks that threaten the life or health of the staff of the place of detention of suspects and accused persons;
2) to reflect the attacks of a suspect or accused person on the staff of places of detention, other persons with the purpose of taking possession of weapons;
3) to release the hostages, seized buildings, premises and means of transport;
4) to repulse a group or armed attack on buildings, premises and means of transport to places of detention;
5) to detain persons offering armed resistance, and also caught when committing a serious crime against the life and health of the staff of the place of detention or other persons;
6) to suppress the escape attempts of the suspect or accused from detention or from under the convoy;
7) to apprehend an armed person refusing to comply with a lawful requirement of the custodial officer to surrender weapons;
8) to thwart attempts to forcibly release of suspects and accused persons.
Article 48. Mode specific conditions in places of detention

In cases of natural disasters, epidemics, epizootics, vast pockets of fire, major accidents of life support systems, mass riots, hostage-takings and other terrorist attacks or disobedience of suspects and accused persons, or if there is a real threat of armed attacks on places of detention by decision of the head of the federal body of executive power which carries out law enforcement functions, the functions of control and supervision in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments for convicted , head of the federal body of executive power performing functions on the formulation and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the field of Internal Affairs, the head of the federal body of executive power in the sphere of security, the head of the federal body of executive power performing functions on the formulation and implementation of State policy, normative-legal regulation in the field of defence, the Chief of the territorial authority of criminally-Executive system, the Minister of the Interior or the head of Office (main office) of the Interior on the subject of the Russian Federation within the limits of their competence agreed with the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation or the relevant prosecutors, detention regime is introduced to special conditions, for a period not exceeding thirty days. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 N 117-FZ; 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ; from 30.10.2007 г. (N) 241-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ) in imposing a regime of special conditions may be limited or suspended all activities involving the suspects and accused persons, their protection, access control and surveillance of suspects and accused persons in custody, cease receiving parcels and broadcasts, as well as other measures provided for by law.
In the event of an imminent threat to the life and health of suspects and accused persons and other persons the Chief places of detention itself can introduce measures referred to in paragraph 2 of this article, with immediate notification depending on the subordination of the detention of the head of the federal body of executive power which carries out law enforcement functions, the functions of control and supervision in the sphere of execution of criminal punishments against convicts, head of the federal body of executive power carrying out the functions of the formulation and implementation of State policy and normative-legal regulation in the field of Internal Affairs, the head of the federal body of executive power in the sphere of security, the head of the federal body of executive power performing functions on the formulation and implementation of State policy, normative-legal regulation in the field of defence, the Chief of the territorial authority of criminally-Executive system, the Minister of the Interior or the head of Office (main office) of the Interior on the subject of the Russian Federation in whose territory is situated the place of detention, as well as a Prosecutor. (As amended by the federal laws of 21.07.98 g. N 117-FZ; 30.06.2003 N 86-FZ; from 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ; from 06/29/2004 yr. N 58-FZ; from 30.10.2007 г. (N) 241-FZ; from 27.09.2009 N 224-FZ) of the special conditions in places of detention is canceled body or official, which it was entered, either by the parent body or official.
CHAPTER IV. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 49. Grounds for release of suspects and accused persons from the custody of suspects and accused persons grounds for release from custody are: judgement given in the manner provided by law;
the ruling of a body conducting an initial inquiry, investigator; (As amended by federal law from 24.07.2007 N 214-FZ) Decree of the head of the place of detention or the Prosecutor who exercises supervision over compliance with the law in places of detention as specified on the release of the suspect or the accused in connection with the expiration of the statutory period of detention.
Article 50. The procedure for release of suspects and accused persons from the custody of suspects and accused persons Release from custody is made by the Chief of the place of detention upon receipt of a court decision or an order of a preliminary investigator, a body of inquiry or the Prosecutor.
The Chief places of detention must, not later than twenty-four hours before the expiry of the period of detention of a suspect or accused to notify the body or person in charge of the criminal case, as well as the Prosecutor.
If, at the expiration of the statutory period of detention or remand in custody as a preventive measure the relevant decision on the release of the suspect or accused or to extend the period of his detention as a preventive measure, the head of the detention facilities immediately relieve him of its decision. (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ)

The suspect or accused, exempt from detention are issued personal documents, things, money stored on his personal account, as well as, help in defining the term of his detention and the grounds for release. A suspect or accused person released from detention, the administration of the place of detention where necessary is provided free travel to their place of residence by rail, road or water transport, meals, as well as clothes for the season. If necessary he shall receive a cash benefit.
Article 51. Prosecutorial supervision supervision of the enforcement of the law in places of detention of suspects and accused the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation and the prosecutors subordinate to him in accordance with the Federal law "on the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation" (as amended by the Federal law of November 17, 1995, N 168-FZ). (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.12.2003. N 161-FZ) administration of places of detention of suspects and accused persons are required to comply with the relevant regulations of the Prosecutor regarding the order of detention stipulated by this federal law.
Article 52. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication, except for: the second part of article 5, which shall enter into force after the criminal procedure legislation with the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation;
items 5, 11 and 16 of the first paragraph of article 17-against suspects and accused persons held in detention; parts of the first (in terms of hygiene and sanitation), second and fifth article 23-against suspects and accused persons held in short-term detention isolators and pre-trial detention centres, which shall enter into force from the moment of creation of the appropriate conditions, but no later than January 1, 1998 year.
Article 53. Bringing of normative legal acts in accordance with this federal law normative legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation, departmental normative acts, normative legal acts of the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government are in compliance with this federal law within six months from the date of its entry into force.
The Government of the Russian Federation introduced within three months in accordance with the established procedure in the State Duma of the Federal proposals for bringing legislation into compliance with this federal law.
Not applicable on the territory of the Russian Federation on the date of entry into force of the Federal Act on detention of persons suspected or accused of committing crimes "law of the USSR dated July 11, 1969 year approving the regulations on preliminary detention" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1969, no. 29, art. 248) and the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 13, 1976 Goda "on approval of the procedure of short-term detention of persons suspected of committing a crime" (Gazette of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1976, no. 29, p. 426).
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N July 15, 1995 103-FZ