On Natural Monopolies

Original Language Title: О естественных монополиях

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102037075

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on natural monopolies passed by the State Duma July 19, 1995 onwards (as amended by the federal laws of 08.08.2001 N 126-FZ;
from out N 196-FZ; from 01/10/2003 N 16-fl;
from 26.03.2003 N 39-FZ; from 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ;
from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ; from 04.05.2006 N 62-FZ;
from 29.12.2006 N 258-FZ; from 18.10.2007. N 230-FZ;
from 08.11.2007 N 261-FZ; on 25.12.2008 N 281-F3;
from 27.11.2010 N 190-FZ; from 18/07 N 242-FZ;
from 19/07/2011 N 248-FZ; from 06.12.2011 N 401-FZ;
from 25 N 93-FZ; from 28/07/2012 N 132-FZ;
from 30.12.2012 N 291-FZ; from 05.10.2015 N 275-FZ) Chapter i. General provisions article 1. The purpose of the present Federal Act this federal law defines the legal framework of the federal policy on natural monopolies in the Russian Federation and aims to achieve a balance between the interests of consumers and the subjects of natural monopolies, ensure the availability of their implemented the goods for consumers and the efficient functioning of the subjects of natural monopolies.
Article 2. The scope of this federal law this federal law apply to the relations that arise in commodity markets of the Russian Federation and with the participation of the subjects of natural monopolies, consumers, federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government.
Provided for in this federal law regulating natural monopolies cannot be applied in areas not related to natural monopolies, except for cases stipulated by federal laws.
Article 3. Definitions of basic concepts for the purposes of this federal law, the following definitions apply basic concepts: natural monopoly-State market, where demand for this market more effectively in the absence of competition due to technological peculiarities of production (due to the significant decrease in production costs per unit of output increases), and goods produced by natural monopoly entities, can not be replaced in the consumption of other goods Therefore, the demand for this commodity market for goods produced by natural monopoly entities, less dependent on price changes on this product than demand for other types of goods;
natural monopoly entity-entity engaged in producing (the implementation of) goods under conditions of natural monopoly; (As amended by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FL) consumer-the physical or legal person acquiring the goods produced (implemented) subject of natural monopoly;
the head of the subject of natural monopoly (a business entity)-the person authorized to act without power of attorney on behalf of the subject of natural monopoly (a business entity).
The concept of "goods", "commodity market", "entities", "group of persons" shall apply accordingly in the values referred to in article 4 of the Act of the RSFSR "on competition and limitation of monopolistic activity in commodity markets.
The notion of "rail transport infrastructure General" is used in the meaning defined in article 2 of the Federal law "Statutes of railway transport of the Russian Federation". (Part is supplemented by federal law from 01/10/2003 N 16-FZ), Article 4. Natural monopolies sphere of activity 1. This federal law regulating natural monopolies in the following areas: (as amended by the Federal law dated 10.01.2003 N 16-FZ) of oil and oil products transportation by main pipelines;
transport of gas through pipelines; (Deleted-Federal Act of 26.03.2003 N 39-FZ) rail transportation;
services in transport terminals, ports and airports; (As amended by the Federal law dated 08.11.2007 № 261-FZ) public services telecommunications and publicly available postal connection; (As amended by the Federal law on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) of electrical energy transmission services; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 26.03.2003 N 39-FZ) services for management control in electric power industry; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 26.03.2003 N 39-FZ) of thermal energy transfer; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 26.03.2003 N 39-FZ) services on the use of the infrastructure of inland waterways; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) radioactive waste; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 11 N 190-FZ) water and wastewater using centralized systems, systems of communal infrastructure; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 06.12.2011 N 401-FZ) ledokol'naja wiring ships ice pilotage in the waters of the Northern sea route. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 28.07.2012 N 132-FZ)

2. In accordance with the implemented by the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation the demonopolization of the rail market is moving away from regulating the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies in the field of rail transport to regulate natural monopolies in the provision of services for the use of railway infrastructure of public transport. (Para supplemented by federal law from 01/10/2003 N 16-FZ)
3. it is not allowed to deter economically justified transition of natural monopoly areas referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, from a State of natural monopoly, to be determined in accordance with the second paragraph of article 3 of this federal law, the State of the competitive market. (Para supplemented by federal law from 01/10/2003 N 16-FZ), Article 5. Regulatory bodies of the subjects of natural monopolies 1. To regulate and control the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies formed federal bodies of executive power on regulation of natural monopolies (hereinafter referred to as the regulators of natural monopolies) in accordance with the procedure established for federal bodies of executive power.
2. the regulation of natural monopolies for the exercise of its powers shall have the right to establish their territorial bodies and empower them within their competence.
3. Executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of State regulation of tariffs shall implement state regulation in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (Para supplemented by federal law from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) (as amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ), chap. II. State regulation and State control (supervision) in the areas of natural monopoly (as amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ), Article 6. Methods of regulating the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies regulation of natural monopolies Authorities may apply the following methods of regulating the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies (hereinafter-methods of Regulation): price regulation, carried out by means of definitions (establishing) prices (tariffs) or ceiling;
definition consumers subject to compulsory service, and (or) a minimum level of security in case of inability to meet the unmet need in the goods produced (sold) a subject of natural monopolies, taking into account the need to protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, protect the security of the State, protection of nature and cultural values.
The right of access to Russian pipelines and terminals in exporting oil outside the customs territory of the Russian Federation is granted to organizations carrying out oil and registered in the established order, as well as organizations which are the main societies in relation to organizations involved in oil production in proportion to the volume of extracted oil, town gas pipelines system, taking into account the absolute bandwidth pipelines (based on their technical capabilities). (Part is supplemented by federal law from 08.08.2001 N 126-FZ; as amended by federal law from 04.05.2006 N 62-FZ) list of goods (works, services) of the subjects of natural monopolies, prices (tariffs) for which are regulated by the State, and the order of the State regulation of prices (tariffs) for these goods (works, services), including the basics of pricing and rules of State regulation, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) (As amended by the Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ) State regulation of prices (tariffs) for goods (works, services) the subjects of natural monopolies in the field of water supply and drainage system using centralized systems of communal infrastructure is carried out in accordance with the federal laws. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 06.12.2011 N 401-FZ) Article 7. State control (supervision) in the areas of natural monopoly (as amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. In order to carry out an effective State policy in the spheres of activity of the subjects of natural monopolies regulation of natural monopolies authorities exercise State control (supervision) for actions that occur with or against the subjects of natural monopolies and that may result in infringement of the interests of consumers of the goods in respect of which the regulation is applied in accordance with this federal law or deter economically justified transition of the relevant commodity market from a State of natural monopoly in competitive market condition. (As amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ)
2. natural monopolies regulators carry out State control (supervision) for: (as amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ)

any transactions that result in natural monopoly entity whose income from ongoing activities in the areas of natural monopolies is greater than one per cent of total income, acquires ownership of fixed assets or the right to use basic tools, not intended for production (implementation) of the goods that are subject to regulation in accordance with this federal law, if the carrying amount of such fixed assets exceed 10 per cent of the value of equity of a subject of natural monopoly on the last approved balance sheet; (As amended by the Federal law of 05.10.2015 N 275-FZ) investment entity of natural monopoly, whose income from ongoing activities in the areas of natural monopolies is greater than one per cent of total income in production (the implementation of) goods in respect of which the regulation is not applied in accordance with this federal law and which represent more than 10 per cent of the value of equity of a subject of natural monopoly on the last approved balance sheet; (As amended by the Federal law of 05.10.2015 N 275-FZ) the sale, lease or other transaction in which entity acquires ownership or possession and (or) use part of fixed assets the subject of natural monopoly, intended for the production of (the implementation of) goods in respect of which the regulation is applied in accordance with this federal law, if the carrying amount of such fixed assets exceed 10 per cent of the value of equity of a subject of natural monopoly on the last approved balance sheet and if as a result of such acquisition income of an entity of activities in the areas of natural monopolies will be more than one per cent of total income; (As amended by the Federal law of 05.10.2015 N 275-FZ) establishing and (or) use of prices (tariffs) in the areas of natural monopolies, set forth in article 4 hereof (hereinafter-the regulated sphere of activity); (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ) of disclosure standards by natural monopoly entities. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ)

3. the acts referred to in the second to fourth paragraphs of paragraph 2 of this article, a subject of natural monopoly must submit to the corresponding natural monopoly regulatory authority an application for consent to such acts and to provide information necessary for a decision. (As amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ), requirements for the content of such information and the form of its presentation as well as the procedure for the consideration of the application shall be determined by regulations approved by the appropriate regulatory body of natural monopoly.
Natural monopoly regulatory authority may refuse an application if the claimed it can cause adverse effects referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, as well as in cases where the applicant has not submitted all the required documents or examination found that the information contained therein, has considerable importance for decision, is unreliable.
Natural monopoly regulatory authority no later than 30 days from the date of receipt of the application in writing notify the applicant of its decision-consent or refusal. A waiver must be motivated.
If the decision requires additional information, natural monopoly regulatory authority has the right to request from the applicant, and to increase the term of consideration of applications for 30 days, provided that such a request together with the notification of the extension of the term of consideration of petitions sent to the applicant not later than 15 days from the date of its receipt.
If in 15 days from the date of expiration of the application response regulator of natural monopoly will not be received or the application is refused on the grounds that the complainant considers unlawful, the complainant may apply to the Court for protection of their rights.
4. (repealed-federal law 05.10.2015 N 275-FZ) 5. State control (supervision) in the areas of natural monopolies is carried out by the authorized federal executive bodies (Federal State control (supervision) and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation (regional State control (supervision) (hereinafter-bodies of State control (supervision) in accordance with their competence, in the manner prescribed by, respectively, the Government of the Russian Federation and the Supreme executive organ of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation. (Para supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ)

6. the relations connected with execution of State control (supervision) in the areas of natural monopolies, organizing and conducting inspections of the subjects of natural monopolies, the provisions of the Federal law dated December 26, 2008 year N 294-FZ "on protection of rights of legal persons and individual entrepreneurs at carrying out of State control (supervision) and municipal control" taking into account the peculiarities of organization and carrying out the checks provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation regarding antimonopoly control as well as the characteristics of the Organization and carrying out the checks laid down by paragraphs 7-9 of this article. (Para supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ)
7. Subject to verification is compliance with the subject of natural monopoly in the implementation of its activities, the requirements established by this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation in the sphere of natural monopoly regulation, including requirements for the establishing and (or) use of prices (tariffs) in regulated fields of activity in the part of the definition of reliability, the economic rationale for spending and other indicators in the State regulation of prices (tariffs) , the economic rationale for expenditure in carrying out regulated activities, the correct application of State regulated prices (tariffs) in the areas of natural monopolies, as well as to the standards of disclosure of information by natural monopoly entities. (Para supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ)
8. The basis for inclusion in the annual routine inspection plan for inspections is the expiration of one year from the date of registration of the legal entity: the State, which is the subject of natural monopoly;
the end of the last routine inspection of the subject of natural monopoly.
(Para supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ)
9. Grounds for conducting a side is: expiry of execution of natural monopoly entity issued by the authority of State control (supervision) regulations on Elimination of the revealed violations of the requirements of legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of regulation of natural monopolies;
admission to bodies of State control (supervision) appeals and petitions of citizens, including sole proprietors, legal persons, information from public authorities (officials of State control (supervision), bodies of local self-government, from the media on the subject of natural monopoly violations of the established requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of regulation of natural monopolies;
the existence of an order (orders) of the head (Deputy head) of the body of State control (supervision) to conduct unscheduled checks issued in accordance with the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation or the Government of the Russian Federation or by requiring the Prosecutor to conduct unscheduled checks under the supervision of the execution of the laws according to procuratorial bodies and appeals.
(Para supplemented by federal law from 18 N 242-FZ) Article 8. Duties of the subjects of natural monopolies 1. The subjects of natural monopolies is not entitled to refuse the conclusion of the contract with individual consumers production (implementation of) goods in respect of which the regulation is applied in accordance with this federal law, if a subject of natural monopoly opportunity to (implement) such goods.
2. The subjects of natural monopolies are obliged to submit to the appropriate authority for the regulation of natural monopolies: current reports about their activities in the manner and within the period prescribed authority for the regulation of natural monopoly;
draft plans capital investments.
3. The subjects of natural monopolies are obliged to provide access to commodity markets and (or) to (implement) the goods and services in respect of which the regulation is applied in accordance with this federal law on nondiscriminatory terms and conditions in accordance with the requirements of antimonopoly legislation. (Para supplemented by federal law from 26.03.2003 N 39-FZ)
4. Entities of natural monopoly are required to maintain separate accounting of incomes and expenditures by activity. Maintenance of separate accounting of income and expenses of the subject of natural monopoly on activities carried out in the manner approved by the Government of the Russian Federation and (or) the Federal Executive authority, authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Para supplemented by federal law from 18.10.2007. N 230-FZ)

5. in order to ensure the transparency of the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies, openness for regulating the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies and consumer protection subjects of natural monopolies are obliged to ensure free access to information on its activities, which shall be regulated in accordance with this federal law (hereinafter regulated activities of the subjects of natural monopolies).
Free access to information about regulated activities the subjects of natural monopolies is provided by natural monopoly entities in accordance with standards of disclosure, as approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, through its publication in mass media, including the Internet, and provision of information on the basis of written inquiries of consumers.
For information about regulated activities the subjects of natural monopolies to be free access, include the following information: information about prices (tariffs) for goods (works, services) the subjects of natural monopolies, are subject to State regulation (hereinafter also referred to as controlled goods (works, services);
information on basic indicators of financial and economic activities in respect of which regulation is carried out in accordance with this federal law, including the structure of production costs of the implementation of controlled goods (works, services);
information about key consumer characteristics of controlled goods (works, services) of the subjects of natural monopolies and their compliance with the established requirements; (As amended by the Federal Act of 19/07/2011 N 248-FZ) availability (absence) of technical ability to access controlled goods (works, services) the subjects of natural monopolies and information about registration and progress of applications for connection (connection) to the infrastructure of the subjects of natural monopolies;
information about the conditions of delivery of controlled goods (works, services) by natural monopoly entities, and (or) information about the terms and conditions of contracts for connection (connection) to the infrastructure of the subjects of natural monopolies;
the order of execution of technological, technical and other connection-related activities (technological accession) to infrastructure subjects of natural monopolies;
information on investment programmes (projects of investment programs), and reports on their implementation;
for information about how to purchase, cost and amounts of goods required for the production of controlled goods. Information that has been posted in the prescribed manner to the information constituting a State secret, is not included in the composition of the information to be disclosed in accordance with this federal law.
Information about regulated activities of the subjects of natural monopolies to free access and related in accordance with this federal law to the standards of disclosure, could not be recognized as a subject of natural monopoly commercial secret.
(Para supplemented by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ) Article 8-1. Disclosure standards 1. Disclosure standards should ensure: the availability of information disclosed to the general public, including the disclosure of information in the territories that do not have access to the Internet;
the transparency of the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies in the production of controlled goods (execution of works, rendering services);
the openness of the regulation of the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies;
publicity conditions of controlled goods (works, services) for consumers (price, quality, availability, and reliability);
Unlimited consumer access to controlled goods (works, services);
publicity in the development, negotiation, adoption and implementation of investment programs (projects of investment programs).
2. Disclosure standards approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, subject to the provisions of federal laws and normative legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation regulating relations in the relevant area of activity, for each area of activity of subjects of natural monopolies.
Disclosure standards should contain information about regulated activities the subjects of natural monopolies and the provision of such information.
In accordance with the standards of disclosure authorized in the prescribed manner by the Government of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power and (or) the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of State regulation of tariffs, taking into account sectoral, technological, structural, geographical and other characteristics of the subjects of natural monopolies, have the right to approve: forms, timing and periodicity of the subjects of natural monopolies of information to be free access;

Fill rules approved in the prescribed manner forms the specific subjects of natural monopolies and (or) their groups (categories).
3. State control (supervision) in the areas of natural monopolies in the part of disclosure standards by natural monopoly entities is carried out by the bodies of State control (supervision) in accordance with their competence, in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation.
The subjects of natural monopolies may apply to the authority of State control (supervision) for changing the use of the specific subject of natural monopoly in the prescribed manner approved forms and (or) periodicity of information for free access. (Paragraph as amended by Federal Act of 25 N 93-FZ)
(Article supplemented by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ), chap. III. Natural monopolies regulators, their functions and powers Article 9. Natural monopolies regulators 1. Natural monopolies regulators formed in spheres of activity mentioned in article 4 hereof.
2. The overall management of the Federal Executive authority for regulation of natural monopolies is the leader. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ)
3. (repealed-the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ) 4. (Repealed-the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ)
5. The Federal Executive authority for regulation of natural monopolies is liquidated in the event of the emergence of opportunities for the development of competition in the relevant product market and (or) where there is a change in the nature of demand for the goods the subjects of natural monopolies.
Article 10. The functions of the natural monopolies regulation of natural monopolies regulators perform the following main functions: generate and maintain a roster of the subjects of natural monopolies, in respect of which public regulation and control;
define control techniques under this federal law, in relation to a particular subject of natural monopoly;
control within the limits of its competence, compliance with the requirements of this federal law;
made in the prescribed manner proposals on perfection of legislation on natural monopolies;
take decisions on all matters related to the imposition, modification or termination of the management activities of the subjects of natural monopolies, as well as the application provided for in this federal law regulating methods. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ), Article 11. Natural monopolies regulators powers 1. Natural monopolies regulators have the right to: make decisions binding on the subjects of natural monopolies, decisions on the introduction of modification or termination of the regulation on the application of the methods provided for in this federal law, including the establishment of prices (tariffs);
establish rules for the application of prices (tariffs) for goods (works, services) the subjects of natural monopolies;
adopt, in accordance with its competence to binding decisions on violations of this federal law; (As amended by federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 258-FL) sent to the subjects of natural monopolies binding instructions on cessation of infringements of this federal law, including the Elimination of the consequences of entering into contracts with consumers, subject to mandatory services, for an amendment of the treaties on the transfer of changes in federal budget profits earned as a result of actions in violation of this federal law;
make decisions about inclusion in the register of the subjects of natural monopolies or delisting;
send executive authorities and bodies of local self-government binding instructions to abolish or modify the measures they have acts that do not conform to this federal law, and (or) on the cessation of the infringements of this federal law;
go to court with a lawsuit, as well as to participate in the consideration by the courts of cases relating to the application or violation of this federal law;
exercise other powers stipulated in federal laws.

2. The subjects of natural monopolies, their consumers, entrepreneurial and other economic activities, or executive bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, referred to in paragraph 3 of article 5 hereof, may apply to the authority for regulating natural monopolies for pre-trial settlement of disputes connected with the establishment and application of controlled in accordance with this federal law prices (tariffs). Statement of dispute in the pre-trial order served in natural monopoly regulatory authority within three months from the date when the claimant knew or should have known about the violation of their rights. The order of consideration of the disputes in pre-trial procedure shall be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 18 N 242-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) Article 12. The reasons for the adoption of regulatory decisions on the application of natural monopolies regulation methods 1. Natural monopoly regulatory authority shall decide on the application of methods of regulation stipulated by this federal law and other federal laws, in relation to a particular subject of natural monopoly, based on an analysis of its activities, taking into account their catalytic role in enhancing the quality of manufactured goods and drive (sold) to meet the demand. When the validity is evaluated and taken into account costs: production costs (implementation) of goods, including wages, cost of raw materials and overheads;
taxes and other fees;
value of production fixed assets, investment requirements necessary for their reproduction, and depreciation;
the projected profit from a possible sale of goods at different prices (tariffs);
the remoteness of various consumer groups from the place of production of the goods;
match the quality of produced (sold) products demand of consumers;
State subsidies and other measures of State support;
violations of the subject of natural monopoly established by this federal law responsibilities for providing information and (or) responsibility to ensure free access to information. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ) take account of these facts in accordance with the provisions of federal laws, regulatory acts of the President of the Russian Federation, normative legal acts of the Russian Federation Government and the normative legal acts of the Agency for regulation of natural monopolies. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ)

2. When deciding on the application of methods of regulation of the subject of natural monopoly of natural monopoly regulatory authority is obliged to consider the information provided by the stakeholders on the activities of the subject of natural monopoly.
Article 13. The right of access to information on the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies 1. In order to carry out the functions allocated to natural monopolies regulators, their workers have the right to unimpeded access to information on the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies, other business entities available to the bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government, as well as the subjects of natural monopolies and other businesses. (As amended by the Federal law of 30.12.2012 N 291-FZ)
2. The subjects of natural monopolies, other entities, bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government are required by regulatory requirement of natural monopolies to provide reliable documents, explanations in writing and orally, and other information necessary for the implementation of natural monopolies regulators of functions provided for in this federal law. (As amended by the Federal law of 30.12.2012 N 291-FZ)
3. Information that constitute trade secrets and regulatory body of natural monopoly received pursuant to this article shall not be subject to disclosure.
Article 14. Informing regulatory authorities of natural monopolies on their decisions 1. Natural monopolies regulators are obliged through the media to report on the measures they have taken decisions on the introduction of modification or termination of regulating the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies, as well as the inclusion in the register of subjects of natural monopolies or delisting, the methods used to regulate natural monopolies activities and specific indicators and requirements thereto regulators of natural monopolies.
Natural monopolies regulators publish each year a report on its activities.
2. natural monopolies regulators are required to report through the media about all cases of liability for violation of this federal law.

3. reports of the Elimination of natural monopolies and regulators about the reasons for such decisions shall be published in the media.
Chapter IV. Responsibility for violation of this federal law, Article 15. Consequences of infringements of the present Federal Act 1. When violations of this federal law subjects of natural monopolies (their leaders), bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government (officials) in accordance with the decisions of the (requirements) of regulation of natural monopolies must: stop violation of this federal law and (or) eliminate their consequences;
to restore the original position or take other actions specified in decision (rule);
Cancel or change an act that does not match this federal law;
to conclude the contract with the customer, subject to compulsory service;
to make changes in a contract with a consumer;
pay a fine;
liable to pay compensation.
2. natural monopoly Entity is obliged to pay to the federal budget, the profits earned as a result of violation of this federal law, within the time-limit fixed by a decision of the regulatory authority of a natural monopoly.
3. The fines payable by the decision of the regulatory body of natural monopoly are listed in federal budget within the period stipulated in this decision. Article 16. (Repealed-federal law out N 196-FZ) Article 17. Natural monopoly entity compensation of damages caused by violation of this federal law if the actions (inaction) of the subject of natural monopoly, violation of this federal law, suffered losses, including overstating the price (Tarifa), another railway body, these losses are compensable subject to natural monopoly in accordance with civil law.
Article 18. (Repealed-federal law out N 196-FZ) Article 19. (Repealed-federal law out N 196-FZ), Article 20. Damages caused by natural monopoly entity or another railway body unlawful decisions, actions (inaction) of natural monopoly regulatory authority in case of natural monopoly regulatory authority decided in violation of this federal law, including the definition of (establishing) prices (tariffs) without sufficient economic justification, and as a result, the subject of natural monopoly or a railway body caused by damages, they shall be entitled to demand compensation for these losses in the order of stipulated by civil legislation.
Chapter v. decision-making (prescriptions) regulators of natural monopolies, as well as the order of execution and appeal these decisions, Article 21. The procedure for the adoption of regulatory decisions on the imposition of natural monopolies, the modification or termination of the activities of the subjects of natural monopolies regulation 1. Solutions for defining (the establishment of) prices (tariffs) and (or) their limits in the sphere of activities of the subjects of natural monopolies are taken in accordance with the procedure determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ) questions relating to the imposition, modification or termination of the activity of the subject of natural monopoly regulation, can be considered on the basis of the proposals of the federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, public associations of consumers, their associations and unions, businesses.
Natural monopoly regulatory authority decides on issues related to the imposition, modification or termination of the activity of entities of natural monopoly regulation, as well as the application provided for in this federal law regulating methods, guided by the materials of the analysis carried out in accordance with article 12 hereof. By the decision of the regulatory authority can be an independent economic expertise.
Natural monopoly regulatory authority approves the list of documents, presented for the adoption of decisions on issues related to the imposition, modification or termination of the management activities of the subjects of natural monopolies, and modalities for dealing with such documents.
The representative of the subject of natural monopoly may attend the consideration of the relevant body of natural monopoly regulation issues related to the imposition, modification or termination of the regulation of the natural monopoly entity. Of the date on which the natural monopoly entity must be notified in advance by the relevant body to regulate natural monopolies.
Natural monopoly regulatory authority takes a decision to change or on the cessation of the activity of the subject of natural monopoly regulation, taking into account the implementation of demonopolization of the spheres of natural monopolies.

(Revision of the Federal law dated 18.10.2007. N 230-FZ)
2. Decision on the introduction of modification or termination of regulation or refuse is taken on the proposal in question not later than six months from the date of receipt of the proposal. With this denial or partial denial of the adoption of the proposal must be motivated. (As amended by the Federal law dated 06/29/2004 N 58-FZ), Article 22. Reasons for natural monopolies regulators review cases on violations of this federal law 1. Natural monopolies regulation bodies within its competence has the right to hear cases of violations of the Federal law and to act on them.
2. Grounds for review of cases serve as statements of businesses, consumers, NGOs, consumers, their associations and unions, the submission of executive authorities, local self-government bodies and the Prosecutor's Office.
3. natural monopolies regulators may consider cases on its own initiative, based on media reports and other available materials, involving violations of this federal law.
Article 23. The order of consideration of the natural monopolies regulators violations of this federal law and the adoption of decisions 1. The order of consideration of the natural monopolies regulators violations hereof shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
2. Decisions taken by regulatory authorities of natural monopolies in the case are sent to interested parties in writing no later than 10 days from the date of their adoption. Regulations issued on the basis of the decisions taken shall be communicated to the interested persons in the same period.
3. decisions on cases involving violations of the Federal law that affect the public interest, to be published in mass media not later than one month from the date of their adoption.
Article 24. The order of execution of decisions (s) natural monopolies regulators 1. Decisions (orders) natural monopolies regulators are executed by natural monopoly entities (their leaders), executive authorities, local self-government bodies (officials) in accordance with the decisions of the (requirements), but not later than 30 days from the date of their receipt.
2. In the event of default by the executive bodies or local government decisions (regulations) to abolish or modify the acts in violation of this federal law, or to restore the original situation of natural monopoly regulatory authorities may apply to the Court for recognition of these acts are invalidated (in whole or in part) and (or) for compulsion, to re-establish the situation that existed before the breach.
3. In case of failure to execute a subject of natural monopoly regulations on the conclusion of the contract or amending the contract of natural monopoly regulatory authority has the right to bring an action in court for compulsion to conclude a contract of natural monopoly entity or amending the contract.
4. If failure by natural monopoly entities regulations on transferring federal budget profits earned as a result of a violation of this federal law, regulators of natural monopolies may bring a court action for the recovery of unduly received profit.
5. (repealed-federal law out N 196-FZ), Article 25. Appeals (s) natural monopolies regulators 1. The subjects of natural monopolies (their leaders), bodies of executive power and bodies of local self-government (the officials), consumers, consumer organizations, public associations and their unions, the Prosecutor may apply to the Court for recognition of a totally or partially null and void decisions (regulations) of the regulation of natural monopolies, in case of inconsistency between them, the present Federal law.
2. applying for a court suspends the enforcement of the decision (requirements) authority to regulate natural monopolies, pronounced in the case of violation of this federal law at the time of his trial before the entry into force of the Court decision into legal force. (As amended by the Federal law on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ), chap. VI. Final provisions Article 26. Conditions of federal bodies of executive power on regulation of natural monopolies, federal bodies of executive power on regulation of natural monopolies are formed within the budgeted expenditure on the maintenance of the State apparatus.
Article 27. On the introduction of this federal law in action 1. This federal law shall be put into effect from the day of its official publication.

2. invite the President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative acts in compliance with this federal law within six months from the day of its official publication.
To entrust the Government of the Russian Federation make within three months in accordance with the established procedure in the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation proposal on the approximation of the laws of the Russian Federation in accordance with this federal law.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N August 17, 1995 147-FZ