On General Principles Of Organization Of Local Self-Government In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: Об общих принципах организации местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации

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spent power from January 1, 2009 -Federal Law of 06.10.2003 N 131-FZ Russian Federation FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION August 1995 . N 38-FZ; of 26.11.96 N 141-FZ; of 17.03.97 N 55-FZ; of 04.08.2000 N 107-FZ; dated 21.03.2002. N 31-FZ; of 07.07.2003 N 123-FZ; of 08.12.2003 N 169-FZ; of 21.07.2005 N 97-FZ This Federal Law, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, defines the role of local self-government in the implementation of the people's power, legal, economic and financial foundations of local government The self-government and state guarantees of its implementation shall establish general principles for the organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation. CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Concepts and terms 1. With respect to this Federal Act, the terms and terms are used in the following meanings: municipal education-urban, rural settlement, several settlements united by a common territory, part of the settlement, other a populated area covered by this Federal Act, in which local self-government is exercised, there are municipal property, local budget and elective bodies of local self-government; values-direct life support OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Citizens ' vote on matters of local importance; local government bodies-elected and other bodies vested with authority to deal with matters of local importance and are not part of the system of state power; representative body of local government-elected body of local self-government, which has the right to represent the interests of the population and to take on its behalf the decisions in the territory of the municipality; the local government official-elected or working The contract (employment contract) of the person performing the organizational and administrative functions in the local self-government bodies and not belonging to the category of civil servants; Persons elected by the population directly or in a representative way a local government body of its composition, empowered by the charter of municipal education to deal with matters of local importance; municipal ownership-property of municipal education; local taxes and fees-taxes and fees established by local governments alone; municipal service-professional activity on a permanent basis in local self-government bodies Credentials. 2. The terms "municipal" and "local" and the term used with these terms apply to local governments, enterprises, institutions and organizations, objects of ownership and other objects whose purpose is to The exercise of the functions of local self-government, as well as in other cases concerning the exercise of local self-government. Article 2. Home Rule 1. Local self-government in the Russian Federation-recognized and guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, independently and under its own responsibility, by decision of the population directly or through local self-government bodies local significance, based on the interests of the population, its historical and other local traditions. 2. Local self-government as an expression of the people's power is one of the foundations of the constitutional order of the Russian Federation. Article 3. The right of citizens of the Russian Federation to exercise local self-government 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation shall exercise their right to local self-government in urban, rural and other municipalities, in accordance with federal guarantees of the electoral rights of citizens by referendum, elections, and other elections. direct expression of will, as well as through elected and other bodies of local self-government. 2. Citizens of the Russian Federation shall have equal rights to the exercise of local self-government both directly and through their representatives, regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property or official position, attitudes towards religion, belief, membership of voluntary associations. 3. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to elect and be elected to local government bodies. 4. Citizens of the Russian Federation have equal access to the municipal service. 5. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to apply to local self-government bodies and local government officials. 6. Local governments and local government officials are obliged to ensure that everyone has access to documents and materials that directly affect human and civil rights and freedoms and the possibility of obtaining citizens and other full and reliable information about the activities of the local self-government bodies, unless otherwise provided by law. Article 4. The powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of local self-government The powers of the State authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of local self-government are: 1) The adoption and amendment of federal laws on the general principles of the organization of local self-government, control of their observance; 2) ensuring compliance of the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation with the local self-government of the Constitution THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (3) Ensuring the implementation of the Russian Federation's Constitution and the laws of the Russian Federation in the area of local self-government; (4) regulating the procedures for the transfer of objects federal property in municipal property; 5) vesting the organs of local self-government with the federal law as a separate authority of the Russian Federation, transferring the material and financial resources necessary for the the exercise of these powers, the monitoring of their implementation; 6) setting state minimum social standards; 7) regulating relations between the federal budget and local budgets; 8) adopting federal programs for the development of local self-government; 9) to compensate local governments for the additional costs incurred as a result of decisions taken by the federal authorities; 10) to regulate and protect the rights of citizens to exercise local self-government; 11) provision of federal financial guarantees the autonomy of local government; 12) the establishment of federal guarantees for the electoral rights of citizens in the elections of local self-government bodies and local government officials; 13) establishment of order Judicial protection and judicial protection of the rights of local self-government; 14) regulation and accountability of local government and local government officials for violation of laws; (15) implementation procuratorial supervision of compliance with the rule of law in the Local governments and local government officials; 16) regulate the organization of local self-government in the border areas, closed administrative-territorial entities; 17) regulation of the basis of the municipal service; 18) regulation of federal laws of the organization of local self-government in federal cities. (...) (...) N 107-FZ) Article 5. Powers of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of local Self-government To the powers of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of local Self-governance includes: 1) the adoption and amendment of the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on local self-government, control of their observance; (2) ensuring that the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are in conformity with the local law. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (3) regulation of the procedure for the transfer and transfer of objects of property of the subjects of the Russian Federation to municipal ownership; (4) regulation of relations between the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets; 5) balancing minimum local budgets based on minimum budgetary provisions; 6) vesting local government bodies with separate powers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION for the exercise of delegated authority, control of their implementation; 7) the adoption of regional programs for the development of local self-government; 8) protection of citizens ' rights to exercise local self-government; 9) Ensuring the financial autonomy of local self-government; 10) ensuring state minimum social standards; 11) establishing and modifying the order of education, association, transformation or the abolition of municipalities, establishment and modification of " (12) compensation to local governments for additional expenses arising from decisions taken by the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; 13) [ [ Local government]] in accordance with this Federal Law, taking into account historical and other local traditions; 14) legislation on municipal service; 15) enactment and amendment of laws THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Issues related to the exercise of local self-government; 16)(Spconsumed by Federal Law of 21.07.2005) N 97-FZ) Article 6. Local self-government items 1. Municipalities are responsible for matters of local importance, as well as separate government powers that may be given to local governments. 2. Local issues include: 1) adoption and amendment of municipal constitutions, monitoring of compliance; (2) ownership, use and disposal of municipal property; 3) local Finance, formation, approval and execution of local budget, establishment of local taxes and fees, solution of other financial issues of local importance; 4) complex socio-economic development of municipal education; 5) contents and use of municipal housing stock and non-residential premises; 6) organization, maintenance and development of municipal institutions of pre-school, general and vocational education; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 07.07.2003 N 123-FZ) 7) organization, maintenance and development of municipal health facilities, public health welfare; 8) community policing, organization and maintenance of municipal of public order, supervision of their activities; 9) regulation of the planning and development of municipalities; 10) creation of conditions for housing and sociocultural construction; 11) control over the use of land The territory of the municipal education; 12) regulation of the use of water bodies of local importance, the deposits of general mineral resources, and subsoil for the construction of underground structures of local importance; 13) organization, maintenance and development of municipal energy, gas, heating and water supply and sewerage; 14) organization of supply of the population and municipal fuel institutions; 15) municipal road construction and maintenance of local roads; 16) landscaping and landscaping of municipal education; 17) organization of recycling and recycling of household waste; 18) organization of funeral services and disposal sites; 19) organization and content of municipal archives; 20) organization of transport services for the population and municipal institutions, providing the population with communication services; (21) creating conditions for the provision of trade services to the population, of public catering and domestic services; 22) Conditions for the operation of cultural institutions in municipal education; 23) preservation of historical and cultural monuments in municipal ownership; 24) organization and content of municipal information services; 25) create conditions for class information of municipal education; 26) create conditions for spectator events; 27) create conditions for physical development culture and sports in municipal education; 28) Ensuring social support and employment promotion; 29) participation in the protection of the environment in the municipal education area; (30) ensuring fire safety in municipal education, Organization of the municipal fire service. Municipal entities have the right to take up other matters that are categorized as matters of local importance by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as matters not excluded from their jurisdiction and which are not otherwise attributed to the other Municipalities and State authorities. 3. In the case of municipalities (except the city), there are other municipalities, municipalities, municipal property, sources of income of local budgets It is the subject of the Russian Federation that is the law of the Russian Federation, and, in the case of municipal municipalities, the charter of the city. In the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the federal cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, in order to preserve the unity of the city, the subjects of the municipal units located in their territories, The number of federal laws, the objects of municipal property and the sources of income of local budgets are determined by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation: the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Federal law dated 17.03.97 N 55-FZ) The municipal entities shall be provided with economic and financial autonomy in accordance with the distinction between municipal education. The subordinate of one municipality to another is not permitted. 4. The division of the local self-government bodies with separate State powers is exercised only by federal laws and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, with the simultaneous transfer of the necessary material and financial resources. The exercise of the transferred powers is controlled by the State. The conditions and procedures for monitoring the exercise of individual State powers by the local authorities are governed by the federal laws and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, respectively. Article 7. The legislative framework of local self-government 1. Local self-government is carried out in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal Law, other federal laws, the constitutions of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 2. The legislative regulation of the subjects of local self-government by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation is carried out in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the present Federal Act. 3. Federal laws, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, which establish the rules of municipal law, cannot contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Act and limit their guaranteed rights to local law. Self-governance. In case of contradiction with the municipal law contained in the laws and the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Act applies the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and of this Federal Law. 4. The provisions of this Federal Act apply equally to the republics, territories, regions, cities of federal importance, autonomous region, autonomous prefecates. Article 8. Statutes 1. The municipal education has a charter that states: 1) the boundaries and composition of the municipality; (2) questions of local importance relating to municipal education; (3) forms, order and guarantees of direct participation of the population in the resolution of local issues; 4) structure and formation of local self-government bodies; 5) the name and powers of the elected and other local authorities Self-government and local government officials; 6) the term of office of members of representative bodies of local self-government, members of other elected local self-government bodies, elected officials of local self-government; 7) types, the procedure for adoption and entry into force (c) The basis and types of responsibility of local government authorities and local government officials; 9) the order of revocation, the expression of mistrust by the population, or the early termination of the powers of the elected organs of the local (Self-government and elected officials; 10) status and social guarantees of deputies, members of other elected local authorities, elected officials of local government, grounds and order termination of their powers; 11) guarantees of the rights of local government officials; 12) the conditions and manner of organization of the municipal service; 13) the economic and financial basis for the implementation of the local self-government, general tenure, use and disposal municipal property; 14) issues relating to the organization of local self-government due to the concentration on the territory of the municipal formation of national groups and communities, indigenous (indigenous) peoples, and Cossacks of historical and other local traditions; (15) other provisions on the organization of local self-government and on the competence and functioning of local self-government bodies and officials of local self-government in accordance with the laws OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. The charter of municipal education is developed by municipal education independently. The Constitution of the municipality is adopted by the representative body of local self-government or by the population directly. 3.(Spconsumed by Federal Law of 21.07.2005) N 97-FZ) 4.(Spconsumed by Federal Law of 21.07.2005) N 97-FZ) 5. The Statutes of the Municipal Education Act shall enter into force after its official publication (public disclosure). Article 9. State support for local self-government Federal bodies of state power, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation create the necessary legal, organizational and material conditions for The establishment and development of local self-government and assistance to the population in the exercise of the right to local self-government. Article 10. Associations and unions of municipalities Municipalities in order to coordinate their activities, more effectively exercise their rights and interests have the right to form associations in the form of associations or unions (federal law dated 21.03.2002 N 31-FZ; of 08.12.2003 N 169-FZ) Associations and unions of municipalities cannot devout powers of local governments. Article 11. Municipal entities are entitled to have their own symbols (coats of arms, emblems, other symbols) reflecting historical, cultural, socio-economic, national and other local traditions. Chapter II. DEPENDENCIES OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITY Article 12. Local government territory 1. Local self-government is carried out throughout the territory of the Russian Federation in urban, rural and other areas. The territories of municipalities-cities, towns, villages, districts (counties), rural districts (counties) and other municipalities-are established in accordance with federal laws and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation The Federation is based on historical and other local traditions. (...) (...) N 107-FZ) In order to protect the constitutional order, ensure the country's defence and the security of the State, it is permissible to restrict the rights of citizens to exercise local self-government in separate territories under federal law. The population of urban and rural settlements, regardless of its size, may not be deprived of the right to local self-government. In the inner cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, local self-government is carried out while preserving the unity of the city in accordance with the statutes and laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation- The cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg are of the federal importance. The population of urban settlements belonging to the constituent entities of the Russian Federation-cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg-cannot be deprived of the right to local self-government. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 17.03.97. N 55-FZ 2. The territory of the municipality is the land of urban, rural settlements, adjacent land, recreational areas, land needed for the development of settlements, and other land within the boundaries of municipal education irrespective of the form of ownership and destination. 3. The questions of education, association, conversion, or dissolution of municipal municipalities, establishment or alteration of their territories shall be decided, taking into account the opinion of the population of the respective territory, by a representative body of the local government. Self-government of the city on its own in accordance with the charter of the city. In the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the cities of federal importance Moscow and St. Petersburg, the unification or transformation of inner-city municipalities, the establishment or alteration of their territories is carried out OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 17.03.97. N 55-FZ) Article 13. Establishing and modifying the boundaries of municipal education 1. The establishment and modification of the boundaries of municipal education, including in the formation, consolidation, transformation or abolition of municipalities, takes into account historical and other local traditions at the initiative of the population, bodies of the Russian Federation. 2. A change in the boundaries of municipal education shall not be permitted without taking into account the views of the people of the territories concerned. The legislative (representative) bodies of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall establish by law a guarantee that the opinion of the population shall be taken into account when dealing with changes in the boundaries of the territories in which local self-government is carried out. 3. The procedure for the formation, unification, transformation or dissolution of municipal entities, the establishment and modification of their boundaries and names shall be determined by the law of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. Chapter III. LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT AND OFFICIALS LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT Article 14. Local governments 1. The bodies of local self-government are: elected bodies formed in accordance with this Federal Law, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the statutes of municipalities; other bodies formed in in accordance with the statutes of the municipalities. 2. The existence of elected bodies of local self-government of municipalities is compulsory. "In the constituent entities of the Russian Federation-cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg in accordance with the statutes and laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation-cities of federal importance Moscow and St. Petersburg may not be created," he noted. The elected municipal governments of the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg. (...) (...) N 55-FZ 3. Local governments shall be given their own competence in matters of local importance, in accordance with the statutes of the municipalities. 4. The names of the local self-government bodies shall be established by the statutes of municipal entities in accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, taking into account national, historical and other local traditions. 5. Local governments are not part of the public administration. The exercise of local self-government by State authorities and public officials is not permitted. 6. The structure of local self-government is determined by the population independently. Article 15. A representative body of local self-government 1. The representative body of local self-government consists of deputies, elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot, in accordance with federal laws and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 2. The size of the representative body of local self-government is determined by the charter of municipal education. 3. In the exclusive authority of representative bodies of local self-government are: 1) the adoption of compulsory rules for the subjects of municipal education provided for by the charter of municipal education; 2) Approval of local budget and performance report; 3) adoption of municipal education plans and programmes, approval of performance reports; 4) setting up local taxes and fees; 5) Establishment of management and administration of the municipal Property; 6) control over the activities of local self-government bodies and local government officials provided for in the statutes of municipalities. 4. The powers of representative bodies of local self-government are determined by the statutes of municipalities. 5. The representative body of local self-government makes decisions in a collegial order. 6. In some settlements, in accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, it may be possible to exercise the powers of representative bodies of local self-government in assemblies (assemblies) of citizens. Article 16. Head of municipal education, other elected local government officials 1. The charter of the municipality may include the post of the head of municipal education, the elected official who heads the local self-government activities in the territory of the municipality, as well as The positions of other elected local government officials. 2. The head of the municipality is elected by citizens residing in the municipality, on the basis of universal equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot or by a representative body of local self-government from OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The head of municipal education and other elected local government officials shall have their own competence to deal with matters of local importance in accordance with the charter of municipal education. According to the charter of the municipality, the elected head of the municipality may be entitled to be a member of the representative body of local self-government and preside over the meetings of the representative body of local government. 4. The name of the head of municipal education and other elected officials of local self-government and their terms of office shall be determined by the charter of municipal education in accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 5. The head of municipal education and other elected officials of local self-government in accordance with the charter of municipal education shall be accountable to the population directly and to the representative body of local self-government. Article 17. Other local governments and local government officials 1. In addition to the representative bodies and elected officials of local self-government referred to in articles 15 and 16 of this Federal Law, other local self-government bodies may be provided for in the charter of the municipal entity. Local government officials. 2. Names of local self-government bodies and officials of local government, the procedure for the formation of local self-government bodies, competence, terms of office, accountability, issues of organization and activity of local self-government bodies In accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the statutes of local municipalities shall be determined by the statutes of the municipalities. 3. The education of local self-government bodies, the appointment of local self-government officials by the public authorities and public officials shall not be permitted. Article 18. The status of the deputy, a member of the elected body of the local self-government, elected official of the local government 1. The deputy, a member of the elected body of local self-government, elected official of local self-government is guaranteed the conditions for the unimpeded and effective exercise of powers, protection of rights, honor and dignity. 2. The term of office of the deputy, a member of the elected body of local self-government, elected local government official may not be less than two years. The established term of office cannot be changed during the current term of office. 3. The term of office of the deputy, member of the elected body of local self-government starts on the day of his election and shall terminate from the moment of the beginning of the work of the elected local self-government body of the new composition. The terms of office of elected local government officials shall begin on the day of his or her assumption of office and shall be terminated on the date of the election of the newly elected official. 4. The head of municipal education, deputy, member of the elected body of local self-government and other elected officials of local self-government in accordance with the charter of the municipal entity may exercise their powers on a permanent basis. 5. The statutes of the municipal entities, in accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, may provide for the possibility of withdrawal by the population of a deputy, a member of the elected body of local self-government or elected official of the local government. Self-governance. 6. The status of deputies, members of the elected body of local self-government, elected official of local self-government and restrictions connected with the status of these bodies and persons are established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal law, laws THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 7. Deputies, members of the elected local self-government bodies, elected officials of local self-government in the territory of the municipality may not be detained (except in the case of flagrante delicto), subjected to searches in the territory of the city. The place of residence or work has been arrested and prosecuted without the consent of the procurator of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. 8. The deputies and members of the elected local self-government bodies exercising their authority on a permanent basis, elected officials of the local self-government bodies, are established by laws. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 19. Legal acts of local governments and local government officials 1. Local authorities and local government officials shall adopt (issue) legal acts on matters of their own competence. The names and types of legal acts of local self-government bodies, elected and other local government officials, the authority to issue these acts, the procedure for their adoption and entry into force are determined by the charter of municipal education OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Legal acts of local self-government bodies and local government officials affecting the rights, freedoms and duties of a person and a citizen shall enter into force after their official publication (public disclosure). Article 20. Local government bodies-legal entities Elected and other bodies of local self-government are legal entities in accordance with the charter of municipal education. Article 21. Municipal Service 1. Persons serving in local government positions are municipal employees. 2. The legal regulation of the municipal service, which includes the requirements for posts, the status of the municipal employee, the conditions and procedure for the municipal service, the management of the service, is determined by the charter of the municipal education in accordance with OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The period of employment in the local self-government bodies shall count towards the period of service calculated for the granting of benefits and guarantees, in accordance with the law on public service. CHAPTER IV. FORMS OF THE PRAVIATION OF CITIZENS AND OTHER ' S FORMS OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Article 22. Local referendum 1. A local referendum may be held on matters of local importance. 2. The decision to hold a local referendum is taken by a representative body of local self-government on its own initiative or on demand of the population in accordance with the charter of municipal education. 3. In a local referendum, all citizens residing in the territory of the municipal entity who have the right to vote have the right to participate. Citizens participate directly and on a voluntary basis in a local referendum. 4. Voting in a local referendum is carried out in secret, control of the will of citizens is not permitted. 5. The decision taken at the local referendum does not need to be approved by any public authorities, government officials or local authorities. If its implementation requires the issuance of a regulatory legal act, the local government body, which is competent to issue the matter, is obliged to adopt such an act. The decision adopted at the local referendum and the results of the voting shall be officially published. 6. The procedure for the appointment and holding of a local referendum, the adoption and modification of the decisions of the local referendum shall be established by the charter of the municipal education in accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Article 23. Municipal elections 1. Elections of deputies, members of other elected local self-government bodies, elected officials of local self-government shall be carried out on the basis of universal equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot, while ensuring the established The law of the electoral rights of citizens. 2. The procedure for holding municipal elections is determined by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 3. The federal authorities and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation guarantee the holding of municipal elections. Article 24. Assembly (s) 1. Meetings (gatherings) of citizens may be convened in municipal education to deal with matters of local importance. 2. The procedure for convening and holding a meeting (gathering) of citizens, adopting and amending its decisions, the limits of its competence shall be set by the charter of municipal education in accordance with the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. In the event of the exercise by citizens of the powers stipulated in article 15, paragraph 6 of this Federal Law, the assembly (of citizens ' assembly) shall be considered to be entitled, with the participation of more than half of the inhabitants of the municipality The right to education. Article 25. The People's Law Initiative has the right to the law-making initiative in matters of local importance in accordance with the charter of municipal education. Draft legal acts on local importance, contributed by the population to local government bodies, are to be considered in open session with the participation of representatives of the population, and the results of the review are formal. Publication (public disclosure). Article 26. The appeals of citizens to local self-government bodies 1. Citizens have the right to individual and collective appeals to local government bodies and local government officials. 2. Local governments and local government officials are obliged to provide a response on the merits of citizens ' appeals within one month. 3. The federal law and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish administrative liability for violations of the time limits and the procedure for responding to citizens ' appeals to local self-government bodies and local government officials. Article 27. Territorial public administration and other forms of popular participation in the implementation of local self-government 1. The territorial public self-government is defined as self-organization of citizens at their place of residence in part of the territory of municipal education (territories of settlements other than municipalities, neighbourhoods, neighbourhoods, streets, of the Convention on the Rights of the Palestinian People and of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the In accordance with the charter of municipal education, these bodies may be legal persons. The procedure for organizing and exercising territorial public self-government is determined by the charter of municipal education in accordance with the laws of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation and the normative legal acts of the local authorities. Self-governance. 2. In addition to the forms of participation of the population in the exercise of local self-government provided by this Federal Act, citizens are entitled to participate in the exercise of local self-government in other forms which are not contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION CHAPTER V. FINANCIAL-ECONOMIC BASIS OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Article 28. Economic basis of local government Economic basis of local government is municipal property, local finance, property owned and transferred to organs Local self-government as well as other property, in accordance with the law, to meet the needs of the population of municipal education. Article 29. Municipal property 1. Municipal property consists of local budget funds, municipal off-budget funds, property of local government bodies, as well as municipal lands and other natural resources, which are in municipal property, Municipal enterprises and organizations, municipal banks and other financial institutions, municipal housing stock and non-residential premises, municipal institutions of education, health, culture and sports, other movable and immovable property Property. 2. Local governments administer municipal property. The rights of the owner in respect of the property belonging to the municipal property shall be exercised on behalf of the municipal education by the local authorities, and in the cases provided for by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the statutes Municipalities, population directly. 3. In accordance with the law, local authorities are entitled to transfer objects of municipal property to temporary or permanent use to natural and legal persons, to lease, to lease, to dispose of them in due course, and to commit Property held in municipal property, other transactions, the determination of the terms and conditions of the use of privatized or transferred facilities in contracts and agreements. Local governments may, in accordance with the law, establish conditions for the use of land within the boundaries of municipal education. 4. The procedure and conditions for the privatization of municipal property are determined by the population directly or by representative bodies of local self-government. Revenues from the privatization of municipal property are fully transferred to the local budget. 5. Municipal property is recognized and protected by the State in an equal manner with public, private and other forms of ownership. Article 30. The right of local governments to create enterprises, institutions and organizations Local governments shall have the right, in accordance with the law, to establish enterprises, institutions and organizations for implementation The Conference of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the Group of States. Article 31. Local government relations with enterprises, institutions and organizations in municipal property 1. Local governments define the purposes, conditions and procedures of enterprises, institutions and organizations that are in municipal property, regulate prices and tariffs on their products (services), approve their statutes, Appoints and dismissals data managers from enterprises, institutions and organizations and hear reports on their activities. 2. The relationship between local governments and heads of enterprises, institutions and organizations in municipal ownership is contracted under labour law. Article 32. Local government relations with enterprises, institutions and organizations not in municipal property 1. On matters not within the competence of local authorities, their relations with enterprises, institutions and organizations not in municipal ownership, as well as with natural persons, are based on treaties. 2. Local governments are entitled under the law to coordinate the participation of enterprises, institutions and organizations in the complex social and economic development of the territory of municipal education. 3. The local authorities are not entitled to impose restrictions on the economic activities of enterprises, institutions and organizations, except in cases provided for by federal laws and the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Article 33. Municipal order Local government authorities are entitled to take the customer's work on improvement of the territory of municipal education, public services, construction and repair of social facilities. infrastructure, production of goods, services required to meet the residential and socio-cultural needs of the population of the respective territory, for other works using their own Material and financial resources. Article 34. The foreign economic activity of the local self-government bodies of the local self-government bodies of the local self-government bodies in the interests of the population, in accordance with the law, are entitled to carry out foreign economic activities. Article 35. Local budgets 1. Local budgets include the budgets of municipalities. 2. Local governments are responsible for the formation, approval and execution of local budgets. 3. Local budgets may be included as an integral part of the estimated expenditures of individual localities and territories other than municipalities. Article 36. Local budget revenue and expenditure 1. Local taxes are credited to local taxes, fees and fines, taxes on federal subjects and federal subjects of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the norms established by federal laws and federal subjects of the Russian Federation, Fixed-term, financial means transferred by state authorities to local government bodies for the exercise of separate state powers, proceeds from privatization of property, and the surrender of municipal authority Leases, local loans and lotteries, part of profits Municipal enterprises, institutions and organizations, grants, subventions, transfer payments and other revenues in accordance with the law and decisions of local government bodies, as well as other means arising from the activities of the bodies of local government. 2. Local governments independently manage the funds of local budgets. The amount of the excess of income over expenditure of local budgets as a result of the results of the reporting year is not subject to the seizure by federal bodies of State power, of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 3. The revenue and expenditure parts of local budgets separately provide for the financing of local matters and the exercise by local self-government bodies of separate federal powers and the powers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Article 37. Minimum local budgets 1. In accordance with the law, federal authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the law, provide municipal entities with minimum local budgets by establishing income sources to cover The minimum necessary expenditures of local budgets. 2. The minimum necessary expenses of local budgets are set by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation based on minimum budgetary provisions. 3. The revenue part of the minimum local budgets is ensured by the establishment of a federal law, the law of the subject of the Russian Federation, on a long-term basis. In cases where the revenue part of the minimum local budget cannot be provided by the said income sources, the federal State authorities, the State authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation shall hand over the local authorities to the local authorities. The self-governance of other income sources of the federal budget and the budget of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, while the free rolling balances of the local budgets of the previous year are not taken into account. 4. Local governments ensure the satisfaction of the basic living needs of the population in the areas reserved for the municipalities, at least as low as the minimum State social standards It is guaranteed by the state by enshrinating in the income of local budgets the federal state authorities, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the federal entities ' taxes and taxes of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 5. The financial and economic performance of local government bodies, municipal enterprises and organizations is subject to due consideration by the State statistics bodies in due course. Article 38. Financing the implementation of separate state powers, compensation additional costs of local governments 1. The funds required for the exercise by local self-government bodies of certain State powers are provided annually in the federal budget, in the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. 2. The increase or decrease in the revenues of local self-government bodies resulting from decisions taken by the federal authorities and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be compensated by the bodies; (...) (...) The amount of compensation shall be determined at the same time as the appropriate decision. The decisions of the public authorities, entailing additional expenses of local self-government bodies, shall be implemented by the local authorities within the limits of the funds transferred to them. Article 39. Local taxes and charges 1. Local taxes, fees and incentives for their payment shall be established by the representative bodies of local self-government. 2. The population, directly through a local referendum, citizens ' assemblies (gatherings) or representative bodies of local government, taking into account the opinion of the population, may provide for a one-time voluntary contribution by residents to finance -Matters of local importance. Article 40. The right of local governments to receive payments for the use of natural resources local self-government bodies in accordance with federal laws, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are paid, in the number in kind, from users of natural resources, which are mined in the territory of the municipality. Article 41. Municipal extrabudgetary funds The representative bodies of local self-government have the right to form special-purpose extrabudgetary funds in the order and under the conditions established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 42. The participation of local self-government bodies in credit relations The local self-government bodies in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation are entitled to issue municipal loans and lotteries, receive and issue loans, Establish municipal banks and other financial and credit institutions. Chapter VI: GUARANTEES OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT Article 43. Prohibition of restricting the rights of local self-government The restriction of the rights of local self-government established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, by this Federal Law, by other federal laws, is prohibited. Article 44. The binding of decisions taken by direct the expression of the will of citizens, the decisions of the local self-government bodies and officials of the local government 1. Decisions taken by direct expression of will of citizens, decisions of local self-government bodies and officials of local self-government adopted within the limits of their powers are obligatory for execution by all situated on the territory of the municipality. Education by enterprises, institutions and organizations, irrespective of their organizational and legal form, as well as by local authorities and citizens. 2. Decisions of local self-government bodies and local government officials may be revoked by the authorities and officials who have accepted them or are declared null and void by a court decision. 3. The failure or improper execution of decisions taken through direct expression of will of citizens, decisions of local self-government bodies and officials of local self-government entails liability in accordance with the law. Article 45. Consideration of local government and local government officials ' communications 1. The appeals of local self-government bodies and officials of local self-government are subject to compulsory consideration by public authorities, public officials, enterprises, institutions and organizations to which the local authorities are concerned. The referral is sent. 2. The representative bodies of local self-government have the right to legislative initiative in the legislative (representative) body of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation. Article 46. Judicial protection of local self-government Citizens living in the territory of the municipality, local self-government bodies and local government officials shall be entitled to bring an application for recognition to a court or arbitral tribunal The violations of the rights of local self-government bodies, local authorities and local government officials, enterprises, institutions and organizations, and of public associations. Chapter VII. RESPONSIBILITY OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTS AND OFFICERS OF LOCAL SELF-MANAGEMENT, CONTROL OF THEIR ACTIVITIES Article 47. Responsibility of local self-government bodies and local government officials local self-government bodies and local government officials are responsible to the population of the municipal government Education, by the State, by natural and legal persons, in accordance with the law. Article 48. Responsibility of local governments and local government officials to the population Responsibility of local government and local government officials The population is affected by the loss of public confidence. The rules and conditions for the responsibility of local self-government bodies and local government officials as a result of the loss of public confidence are determined by the statutes of the municipalities. Article 49. The responsibility of local governments and of local government officials to State 1. The responsibility of local self-government bodies and officials of local self-government in the case of violation of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Constitution of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, federal laws, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Local governments and local government officials are responsible for exercising individual governmental authority to the extent that these powers are vested in the relevant public authorities Financial and material resources. 3. A representative body of local self-government, the head of municipal education, which has adopted a (issuer) regulatory act, which is recognized by a court contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional law, federal law, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 10 days from the date of entry into force of the court's decision. In the event that a representative body of local self-government, the head of municipal education has not repealed the regulation or certain of its provisions, which are found by the court to be contrary to the Constitution OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION and citizen or other harm, representative of The local self-government authorities may be dissolved, the powers of the head of the municipal education may be terminated early by removal from office. In the event that a representative body of local self-government, the head of municipal education has not repealed the regulation or separate provisions in accordance with the decision of the court which has entered into force, the legislative act OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION In writing, the highest official of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation (head of the supreme executive body of the State authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation) shall notify the head of the municipal education about the possibility of in accordance with this Federal Act. If a representative body of a local government, the head of the municipal education, within one month from the day of the issuance (announcement) of the written warning, did not take measures to enforce the court decision, then the representative body Local self-government may be dissolved and the head of municipal education may be dismissed from office no later than six months from the date of entry into force of a court decision which is the basis for the dissolution of a representative body of local government Self-governance, the decision of the head of municipal education from office. The representative body of local self-government in accordance with the procedure established by this Federal Law is dissolved by the law of the subject of the Russian Federation or by federal law, and the head of the municipal education is decided from office by decree (decision) of the supreme official of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation (head of the supreme executive body of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation), with the exception of the heads of municipalities, capitals and administrative bodies. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Russian Federation. (Paragraph in the wording of Federal Law of 04.08.2000) N 107-FZ) 4. In the event that within three months from the date of the entry into force of a court decision by a representative body of local government, the normative legal act or its separate provisions and the legislative (representative) organ of the State shall not be repealed. In accordance with paragraph 3 of this article, the President of the Russian Federation has the right to submit to the State Duma a draft federal law on the dissolution of the Russian Federation. representative body of local government. (...) (...) N 107-FZ)5. In the event that within three months of the entry into force of a court decision, the head of the municipal entity has not abolished the normative legal act or its separate provisions, but by the highest official of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation (the head of OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION -Education from office. (...) (...) N 107-FZ) 6. In parallel with the dissolution of the representative body of local self-government by the law of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation or by federal law, new elections shall be held. Denial of the head of municipal education from office and simultaneous appointment of new elections (if elected by the population of municipal education) by decree (decree) of the supreme official of the subject of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (...) (...) N 107-FZ) 7. In the event of the decision of the head of municipal education from office, the highest official of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation (head of the supreme executive body of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation) or the President of the Russian Federation Appoints the Interim Head of the Municipal Education for the period prior to the inauguration of the newly elected head of municipal education, unless the charter of the municipal education is otherwise established. (...) (...) N 107-FZ) 8. The proposals on the removal by the President of the Russian Federation of the head of municipal education from office may be made by the legislative (representative) body of the State authorities of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation, the highest official of the subject. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (...) (...) N 107-FZ) 9. Citizens whose rights and lawful interests have been violated due to the dissolution of a representative body of local government, by decision of the head of municipal education from office, have the right to appeal against the dissolution of the representative body of the local government. Self-government, decision of the head of municipal education from office to the relevant court (Supreme Court of the Republic, Regional, Regional Court, City of Federal Court, Autonomous Region Court, Autonomous District Court) or Supreme Court OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (decisions). The Supreme Court of the Republic, the Regional Court, the Regional Court, the City Court, the Autonomous Regional Court, the Autonomous District Court of the Autonomous Region, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation should consider the complaint and take a decision no later than ten days from The day of its submission. (...) (...) N 107-FZ) Article 50. Responsibility of local governments and local government officials to individuals and legal entities Responsibility of local government and local officials The self-government of natural and legal persons is established in accordance with the procedure established by federal laws, the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the statutes of municipal entities. Article 51. Prosecutorial supervision of compliance with the rule of law in the activities of local self-government bodies and local government officials OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 52. Appeals to the court through direct of the expression of the will of citizens, decisions and actions of the local self-government bodies and officials of the local self-government The will of citizens, decisions and actions (inaction) of local self-government bodies and officials of local self-government may be appealed to a court or an arbitral tribunal in accordance with the procedure established by law. Chapter VIII. CONCLUDING AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS Article 53. This Federal Law enters into force on the date of its official publication. Article 54. Recognition of lapidsof separate legal acts Since the entry into force of this Federal Law has been declared null and void: Act of the Russian Federation " About elections of people's deputies to the local council of people's deputies of the Russian Federation" 1306 Statements of Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992, N 34, Art. 1969); "The Law of the RSFSR" on the relationship between the Councils of People's Deputies and the Executive in the Period of Economic Reform (Statements were made by the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, No. 19, art. 197); decree of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR "On the enactment of the Law of the RSFSR" on the Relationship of the Councils of People's Deputies and the Executive of the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, No. 19, art. 198); Law of the RSFSR "On the status of people's deputy of the local council of people's deputies of the RSFSR" Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, 279); RSFSR's Law "On additional powers of local council of people's deputies in conditions of transition to market relations" The Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, 322); decree of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR "On the procedure for the enactment of the RSFSR Act" On additional powers of local Councils of People's The deputies are in the conditions of transition to market relations" (Statements of Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1990, N 26, art. Russian Federation's law on local self-government in the Russian Federation deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1991, 1010; Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992, N 46, Art. 2618; 1993, N 21, sect. 748); Order of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR "On the procedure for the enactment of the RSFSR Law on Local Self-Government in the RSFSR" Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1991, N 29, Art. 1011); Law of the RSFSR "On elections of the head of the administration" (Vedomas of the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1991, N 45, sect. 1491) with regard to the elections of heads of district, city, district in town, village, village administration; decision of Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation "About the heads of administrations" (Vedomas of Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1992, N 51, p. 3010); Russian Federation Law on the procedure for the appointment and dismissal of the heads of the regional, regional and autonomous regions, of the autonomous district, city of federal significance, district, city, district in the city, village and village administration " (Vedomas of the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1993, No. 16, art. 561) with regard to the appointment and dismissal of heads of district, city, district, village and village administration. Article 55. To bring legal acts into compliance with this Federal Law 1. Invite the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to bring their legal acts into conformity with this Federal Law within three months of the day of its entry into force. 2. Legal regulations in the Russian Federation shall be applied in accordance with this Federal Law in a way that is not contrary to this Federal Act. Article 56. On the application of certain provisions of the Russian Federation's Law of the Russian Federation on local self-government in the Russian Federation 1. Articles 49 to 76 of the Law of the Russian Federation on local self-government in the Russian Federation (Statements of Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation) RSFSR, 1991, N 29, 100 1010 Statements of Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992, N 46, from. 2618; 1993, N 21, sect. 748) are applied in part not inconsistent with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Act, pending the adoption by the constituent entities of the laws on the delimitation of municipal education. 2. The powers of local self-government bodies provided for in the articles of the Russian Federation's Law "On local self-government in the Russian Federation" Under paragraph 1 of this article, in part not inconsistent with this Federal Act, shall be exercised by the respective local self-government bodies and local self-government officials (elected, appointed) in in accordance with this Federal Act. 3. Articles 80-86 of the Russian Federation's Law on Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation (Statements of Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation) RSFSR, 1991, N 29, 100 1010 Statements of Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992, No. 46. Art. 2618; 1993, N 21, sect. 748) are applied in part not inconsistent with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Law, pending the adoption of laws by the constituent entities to regulate the exercise of local self-government in the forms provided for by the articles 24, 27 of this Federal Law. Article 57. Temporary legal regulation of the individual relationships provided for by this Federal Law 1. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal law may be regulated by the statutes of municipal entities adopted in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Act. 2. In the event that a representative body of local self-government is not formed in the municipal entity, a local referendum may be appointed by the head of the local administration (head of local government) at the request of citizens in the amount of at least 5 Percentage of voters in municipalities. The local referendum in this case is conducted in accordance with the law of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation and, in the absence of such a law, in accordance with the legal acts adopted by the head of the local administration (the head of local government). 3. In order to ensure the constitutional rights of the citizens of the Russian Federation, local self-government may be established by a federal law that regulates the legal relations assigned to it by this Federal Act. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Provisional rules shall be in force until the entry into force of the rules, which are established by laws and other regulatory legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and regulate the legal relations in the territory of the Russian Federation. of the Russian Federation. (...) (...) N 141-FZ4. In order to ensure the constitutional rights of the citizens of the Russian Federation, local self-government may be established by a federal law that regulates the legal relations assigned to it by this Federal Act. In the case of municipal entities, and in accordance with the statutes of the municipal entities, the legal acts of the local self-government bodies, in accordance with the statutes of the local authorities, do not is regulated. The provisional rules shall be in force until the entry into force of the rules set by the statutes of the municipal entities and adopted in accordance with the statutes of the municipalities by the normative legal acts of the local self-government bodies and regulate The legal relations in the field of local self-government, which are reserved for municipalities. (...) (...) N 141-FZ Article 58. The holding of elections of representative bodies of local self-government and officials of the local self-government and their term of office 1. Elections of representative bodies of local self-government in municipalities as well as the election of local self-government officials shall be held no later than 16 months from the date of entry into force of the local government. The Federal Act is in the manner prescribed by articles 15 and 16 of this Federal Law, with the exception of local self-government and local government officials referred to in article 59, paragraph 1, of this Federal Act. The number of representative bodies of local self-government in these cases is determined by the legislative (representative) body of the subject of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.04.96 g. N 38-FZ) 2. The term of office of members of representative bodies of local self-government, elected officials of local self-government in this case shall be calculated from the moment of establishment of the authority of the representative body of local self-government, the election leg. a local government official. Article 59. The powers of local governments and local government officials of the elected (designated) before the entry into force of the Federal Law 1. Local authorities and local government officials elected by the population before the entry into force of this Federal Law shall retain their powers until the expiry of the period for which they were elected. 2. The heads of local administrations (heads of local government) appointed by government officials, public authorities and otherwise than provided for by this Federal Law shall retain their powers pending the election (appointment) of the relevant authority, the official, subject to the provisions of this Federal Law, but not more than sixteen months from the date of the entry into force of this Federal Law. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22 April 1996) N 38-FZ) Article 60. Municipal employees In the pre-enactment of the federal law, municipal employees are subject to the restrictions established by federal law for civil servants. Article 61. Formation of municipal property 1. The subjects of the Russian Federation shall transfer to the property of the municipal entities the objects owned by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation necessary for the resolution of matters of local importance, in accordance with the separation of powers between the constituent entities of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Disputes arising from the transfer of State property to municipal property are resolved through conciliation or judicial proceedings. 3. The absence of municipal property in the territory of the municipality at the time of the entry into force of this Federal Act is not a reason for the abolition or conversion of the relevant municipality formation or refusal to The formation of a new municipal entity. Article 62. The formation of a legal basis for local self-government in accordance with this Federal Law 1. The Government of the Russian Federation shall develop and submit for consideration by the State Duma no later than fourteen months from the date of the entry into force of this Federal Law: (Rev. 1) Federal Act No. N 38-FZ) draft federal laws that bring the legislation of the Russian Federation, including tax and budget, into line with this Federal Law; Acts providing for the legal protection of local authorities; draft legislation establishing liability, including criminal liability, for obstructing the exercise of citizens ' rights to local self-government, including The Conference of the States Members of the United Nations local government elections, local government officials. 2. To submit to the legislative (representative) bodies of the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation no later than 14 months from the date of the entry into force of this Federal Law, to enact laws, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of Federal Law of 22 April 1996) N 38-FZ) President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 28 August 1995 N 154-FZ