On The Use Of Atomic Energy

Original Language Title: Об использовании атомной энергии

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On the Use of Atomic Energy Adopted by the State Duma October 20, 1995 Federal laws of 10.02.97 N 28-FZ; of 10.07.2001 N 94-FZ; of 30.12.2001 N 196-FZ; dated 28.03.2002. N 33-FZ; of 11.11.2003 N 140-FZ; of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; of 18.12.2006 N 232-FZ; of 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ; dated 01.12.2007. N 318-FZ; of 14.07.2008 N 118-FZ; of 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; of 30.12.2008 N 309-FZ; of 27.12.2009 N 374-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ; dated 18.07.2011. N 242-FZ; , 19.07.2011 N 248-FZ; of 07.11.2011 N 303-FZ; dated 21.11.2011. N 331-FZ; dated 30.11.2011. N 347-FZ; , 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ; of 02.07.2013 N 159-FZ) This Federal Law defines the legal basis and principles of regulation of relations arising from the use of atomic energy, is aimed at protecting human health and life, protecting the environment, Protection of property in the use of nuclear energy, is intended to contribute to the development of atomic science and technology, to contribute to the strengthening of the international regime for the safe use of nuclear energy. CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field the use of atomic energy Russian legislation on the use of atomic energy for peaceful and defence purposes is based on OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION of federal laws and regulations adopted under OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Provisions of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation establishing requirements for industrial safety of hazardous installations, requirements of fire safety, requirements for security The safety of hydraulic structures concerning the scope of application of this Federal Law shall apply to relations in the field of the use of atomic energy for peaceful and defence purposes in a part not contrary to this Federal Act. Activities related to the development, manufacture, testing, operation and disposal of nuclear weapons and nuclear power installations of military use are not regulated by this Federal Law. (Article in the wording of Federal Law of 30.11.2011 g. N 347-FZ) Article 2. Principles and objectives of legal regulation in the field of the use of atomic energy Basic principles of legal regulation of the use of nuclear energy are: safety in the use of nuclear energy-protection of individuals, populations and the environment from radiation hazards; availability of information related to the use of atomic energy, if this information does not contain information that constitutes a state secret; Participation of citizens, commercial and non-profit organizations (hereinafter referred to as "organizations"), other legal persons in the discussion of public policies, draft federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as in practical matters. Activities in the field of atomic energy; compensation for damage caused by radiation; provision of social and economic compensation for adverse effects to employees of nuclear energy facilities ionizing radiation on human health and for additional factors Risk; provision of social protection to citizens living and/or working in areas where these objects are located; delineation of responsibilities and functions of bodies State regulation of security, the use of atomic energy authorities, the authorized body for the management of atomic energy and the organizations conducting activities in the field of atomic energy; complemented-Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ )independence of state security institutions in their decision-making and exercise of powers from nuclear power management authorities, authorized body Control of the use of atomic energy and of organizations carrying out activities in the field of atomic energy; (Paragraph added, Federal law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ) compliance with the international obligations and guarantees of the Russian Federation in the field of atomic energy. (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) The main tasks of legal regulation of relations arising in all activities in the field of atomic energy are: creation of legal bases of the system State administration of atomic energy and the state regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy; establishing rights, duties and responsibilities of public authorities organizations and other legal entities and Citizens. Article 3. The objects of application of this Federal Law Objects of application of this Federal Law (objects of use of atomic energy) are: (In the wording of Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ ) Nuclear installations-facilities and complexes with nuclear reactors, including nuclear power stations, vessels and other floating equipment, space and aircraft, other transport and transportation facilities; and complexes with industrial, experimental and research nuclear reactors, critical and subcritical nuclear stands; facilities, complexes, landfills, installations and devices with nuclear weapons for peaceful purposes; Other nuclear installations, complexes, facilities for production, use, processing, transportation of nuclear fuel and nuclear materials; radiation sources-non-nuclear installations, facilities, apparatus, equipment and articles containing Radioactive substances or ionizing radiation; storage sites for nuclear materials and radioactive substances, storage sites, radioactive waste storage sites (hereinafter referred to as storage sites), and non-nuclear facilities, radiation Sources and intended for the storage of nuclear materials and radioactive waste, storage or disposal of radioactive waste; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) [ [ nuclear reactor assembly]]-a mechanical engineering product containing nuclear materials designed to obtain thermal energy in a nuclear reactor by means of implementation A controlled nuclear reaction; (Paragraph added is the Federal Law of 10.07.2001). N 94-FZ)irradiating nuclear reactor assemblies-irradiated nuclear reactor assemblies and fuel assemblies that contain spent nuclear fuel; Law of 10.07.2001 N 94-FZ nuclear materials-materials that contain or are able to reproduce fissile material; radioactive substances are not related to nuclear material; emitting ionizing radiation; radioactive waste-non-further usable materials and substances, as well as equipment, articles (including used sources of ionizing radiation), content Radionuclides which exceed the levels set by the OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 190-FZ) Assignment of objects listed in the first part of this article to the listed categories, the composition and boundaries of the specified objects are determined according to the category of the entity, Implementing activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy, in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 347-FZ) For the purposes of this Federal Act, under the full life cycle of a nuclear energy facility, depending on the category of the object of application of this Federal Act, Location, design (including survey), design, production, construction or construction (including installation, commissioning), operation, reconstruction, major repairs, decommisation (closing), transport, handling, storage, burial and disposal of the use of nuclear energy. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) This Federal Act does not apply to objects containing or using nuclear materials and radioactive substances in quantities and with activity (and (or) emitting Ionizing radiation with intensity or energy less than the federal regulations and rules governing the use of atomic energy for which the approval of the federal executive authorities is required State security management (hereinafter referred to as the public authorities) In the case of the use of nuclear energy in carrying out activities with these facilities, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N190-FZ) Article 4. The activities in the area of the use of atomic energy This Federal Act applies to the following activities in the field of atomic energy: hosting, designing, the construction, operation and decommising of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites, the closure of radioactive waste disposal sites, testing of the safety of nuclear facilities and (or) activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy ; (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 347-FZ) development, production, testing, transport, storage, disposal, use of nuclear weapons for peaceful purposes, and handling thereof; including in the exploration and extraction of minerals containing these materials and substances in the manufacture, use, processing, transport and storage of nuclear materials and radioactive substances; use of atomic energy; Provision of nuclear, radiation, technical and fire safety (hereinafter-security) of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites, ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of citizens in the use of nuclear weapons Energy; scientific research in all fields of nuclear energy; physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances; Accounting and control of nuclear materials and radioactive substances; Export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, radioactive materials, special non-nuclear materials and services in the field of atomic energy; " class="ed"> monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation; (In the wording of the Federal Law 21.11.2011 N 331-FZ training in the use of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances; of the use of nuclear energy. Article 5: Ownership of nuclear materials, nuclear installations, storage points, radiation sources and radioactive substances Nuclear materials may be in federal property or in property of legal persons. The President of the Russian Federation states that the list of nuclear materials that may be exclusively in federal property is approved by the President of the Russian Federation. A list of Russian legal entities (i.e. legal persons established under Russian legislation), which may be owned by nuclear materials, is approved by the President of the Russian Federation. In the Russian Federation, the right to property of foreign States, foreign legal entities for imported nuclear materials or products for processing in the Russian Federation is recognized. Nuclear facilities may be located in federal property or in the property of Russian legal entities, the list of which is approved by the President of the Russian Federation. Storage items may be located in federal property or in the property of Russian legal entities, unless the federal law provides otherwise. Radiation sources, radioactive substances may be in federal property, property of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, municipal property or property of legal entities. The right of ownership to the objects referred to in this article shall be acquired and terminated on the basis of civil law, taking into account the peculiarities established by federal laws. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 190-FZ) Transactions of Russian legal entities to transfer the ownership of nuclear materials to a foreign State or to a foreign legal person are carried out in coordination with the Russian Government Commissioner. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Transactions for the transfer of nuclear materials, nuclear facilities to the property of Russian legal entities not included in the lists provided for in parts three and five of this article, as well as transactions on the transfer of title to Nuclear materials to a foreign State or to a foreign legal entity that are committed by Russian legal persons in violation of the requirements of Part 9 of this article are null and void. Treatment of nuclear materials in federal property, foreign legal entities, foreign legal entities, and the operation of nuclear installations and storage facilities The Russian Federation carries out the federal property, the property of Russian legal entities, and carries out Russian organizations with the relevant permits (licenses) for the right to work in the sphere of the use of nuclear energy. The management of radioactive substances and the exploitation of radioactive sources, which are in federal property, property of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, municipal property, property of legal entities, shall be carried out by organizations having the appropriate permits (licences) for the right to work in the field of atomic energy and are registered in the manner and cases provided for in article 36-1 of this Federal Law. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 93-FZ) Owners of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials, radioactive substances shall monitor their safety and appropriate use in accordance with this Federal Act. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The objects referred to in this article are subject to the provisions of article 22 of this Federal Act. The provisions of this article dealing with nuclear materials apply to radioactive wastes containing nuclear materials. The provisions of this article concerning radioactive substances shall apply to radioactive wastes not containing nuclear material. (Article in the wording of Federal Law dated 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ) Article 6. Federal rules and regulations in the field use of atomic energy Federal rules and regulations (hereinafter referred to as norms and rules) in the field of nuclear energy use-regulatory legal acts; establishing requirements for the safe use of nuclear energy, including safety requirements for nuclear energy facilities, safety requirements for nuclear energy, including objectives, principles and of the Convention on the Safety of Activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy. The rules and regulations on the use of nuclear energy are developed and approved in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. The rules and regulations for the use of nuclear energy should be provisionally published in the official printed body of the draft rules and regulations, with the exception of rules and regulations in the field of nuclear energy. of the use of atomic energy, which constitute State secrets, and the opportunity to discuss them. These rules and regulations should take into account the recommendations of international organizations in the field of the use of nuclear energy, in which the Russian Federation participates. The Regulations and Rules on the Use of Atomic Energy are to be published in the official press body, with the exception of the rules and regulations governing the use of atomic energy, which constitute a State secret. After the said rules and regulations have been put into effect, they are binding on all those carrying out activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy and operate throughout the territory of the Russian Federation. In order to promote compliance with the requirements of norms and regulations on the use of nuclear energy, state security authorities develop, approve and enforce safety guidelines in use Atomic Energy Agency. Safety guidelines for the use of nuclear energy contain recommendations on the implementation of standards and regulations on the use of nuclear energy, including on methods of work, methods, assessment and evaluation. security, as well as explanations and other recommendations for the implementation of safety requirements when using atomic energy. (Article in the wording of Federal Law from 30.11.2011 g. N 347-FZ) CHAPTER II. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION USE OF ATOMIC ENERGY USE (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 7. The power of the President of the Russian Federation for the use of atomic energy President of the Russian Federation in the field of atomic energy: defines the main directions of state policy in the field of atomic energy; makes decisions on safety issues when using atomic energy; makes decisions on disaster management ; approves lists of Russian legal entities in possession of nuclear materials, nuclear facilities; (Paragraph added, Federal Law dated 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ )approves a list of nuclear materials that can be exclusively in federal property; (Paragraph added is the federal law dated 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ) exercises other powers vested in it by federal laws. (The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 05.02.2007). N 13-FZ) Article 8. The powers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the field of atomic energy , the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, in the field of atomic energy: in the field of atomic energy; (Overtaken by the Federal Law of 22.08.2004). N 122-FZ ) approves budget appropriations in the federal budget for financing the use of atomic energy; approves budget allocation for activities to overcome Effects of nuclear emergencies; holds parliamentary hearings on the use of nuclear energy. Article 9. In the field of atomic energy use of the Government of the Russian Federation , the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of atomic energy: publishes on the basis of and in compliance with the Constitution OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION implementation of federal targeted programmes Atomic Energy; (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ defines the functions, operations, rights and obligations of the use of atomic energy and (including the authorized body) of state regulation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION N 347-FZ) establishes the procedure for accreditation in the field of atomic energy; (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ ) operates nuclear materials, nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites and radioactive materials; makes decisions about design, construction, operation, decommising of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and federal or interregional storage sites, including those located at administrative territorial of the United States takes decisions on the development and production of federal property nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ ) establishes the organization and functioning of a unified state automated system for monitoring the radiation situation in the territory of the Russian Federation; Federal Act No. N 331-FZ ) takes measures for the social protection of citizens, provides social and economic compensation for the negative effects of ionizing radiation and for additional risk factors for workers of use Atomic Energy; provides the payment of damages from radiation under Article 57 of this Federal Law; establishes the procedure for the export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, Special non-nuclear materials and services in the field of nuclear energy; addresses the issues of the entry into the Russian Federation of spent nuclear fuel for its processing, including the technological process of temporary storage Reprocessing, in accordance with the law; provides, within its competence, the physical protection of nuclear materials, nuclear facilities, storage sites and federal radiation-based radioactive material Sources and radioactive substances; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ ) is responsible for monitoring Russia's obligations under the international treaties of the Russian Federation in the field of atomic energy; coordinates international cooperation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 10: Powers of the federal executive power Federal executive authorities: make decisions about the location of federal-owned or Federal or interregional significance of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation; (In the wording of Federal Law from 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ) is carrying out the State expertise of the project documentation of objects of nuclear energy use in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on urban activity; (B Federal Law of 18 December 2006 N 232-FZ)provides protection for citizens ' rights when using atomic energy; provides safety and environmental protection in the use of atomic energy; nuclear power accidents; exercised the power of the owner in relation to nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites and radioactive substances owned by the Russian Federation Federation; { \b } { \b Ensuring the safety of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites; make decisions on the construction of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites in federal possession or Federal or inter-regional significance, the decommiserations of these objects and the subsequent storage of radioactive waste; (as amended by the Federal Act dated 05.02.2007 N 13-FZ) provides physical protection to nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances in federal property; Training of specialists in the use of nuclear energy, including the training of specialists using nuclear facilities, radiation sources, nuclear materials and radioactive substances; develop and implement Integrated social and economic development programmes and the environmental security of the territories on which the nuclear power facilities are located; organize and conduct state monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 21.11.2011). N 331-FZ) The powers laid down in the first part of this article may be exercised by the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" in accordance with the Federal Law " On the State Corporation Atomic Energy Agency "Rosatom". (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 01.12.2007). N 318-FZ) (Article in the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004). N 122-FZ) Article 11. Power of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of the use of atomic energy (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) Executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the sphere of the use of atomic energy: (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) exercised the powers of owners on radioactive sources and radioactive substances owned by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) carry out activities to ensure the safety of radioactive sources, radioactive substances owned by the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; (In the wording of federal laws from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) N 122-FZ set the order and organize with the participation of organizations, public organizations (associations) and citizens discussing the use of atomic energy; make decisions about Placement and construction of radioactive sources, radioactive substances owned by the constituent entities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; (as amended by federal laws from 22.08.2004 g. N 122-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) take part in providing protection of citizens and protection of the environment from radiation exposure exceeding established norms and regulations on the use of nuclear energy limits; (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ ) Control the radiation safety of the population and the protection of the environment in its territory, readiness of organizations and citizens to act in the event of an accident at the facility of the use of atomic energy; : the accounting and control of radioactive substances in their territories under the State accounting and control system of radioactive substances; Physical protection of radioactive sources, radioactive substances, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION N 122-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) performs other functions in the field of atomic energy within the limits of the powers available. (...) (...) N 122-FZ ) In the constituent entities of the Russian Federation-cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg in accordance with the laws of the above-mentioned constituent entities of the Russian Federation The Russian Federation-cities of the federal importance of Moscow and St. Petersburg can exercise powers, which are assigned by this Federal Law to the powers of local self-government bodies. The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ) Article 12. Powers of local governments in the field of atomic energy Local governments: (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ) participate in the discussion and resolution of the placement of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites in their respective territories; Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ) make decisions about the placement and construction of radioactive sources, radioactive substances in the property of municipal entities under their jurisdiction; Federal laws of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) (Spanged by Federal Law of 18.12.2006) N 232-FZ) (Unused-Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ ) inform the population through mass media about the radiation situation in its territory; (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ) N 122-FZ CHAPTER III. RIGHTS OF ORGANIZATIONS, INCLUDING GENERAL ' S SOCIATIONS (ASSOCIATIONS) AND WITH REGARD TO ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCIES Article 13. The rights of organizations, including public organizations (associations), and citizens to obtain information on the use of the atomic energy of the Organization, including public organizations (associations) and citizens have the right, in accordance with the established legislation of the Russian Federation, to seek and receive from the relevant executive authorities, organizations within their competence, information on the safety of the intended construction, projecting, built, operated and withdrawn from The exploitation of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites, with the exception of State secrets. Citizens have the right to receive free information about the radiation situation in the region from the organizations of the system of state monitoring of radiation in the territory of the Russian Federation. class="ed"> (In the Federal Law of 21.11.2011) N 331-FZ) The persons exposed to radiation shall be entitled to receive the relevant radiation dose. The procedure for obtaining such a document and its form is determined by the federal health authorities. Refusal to provide information, deliberate distortion or withholding of objective data on safety issues in the use of nuclear energy by the heads of organizations, including public organizations (associations), and The mass media are responsible in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Citizens of the Russian Federation are entitled to study visits to nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites. The procedure for visiting nuclear energy facilities is established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 14. Rights of organizations, including public organizations organizations (associations), and citizens to participate in the development of the nuclear energy policy of the Organization, including the public organizations (associations) and citizens have the right to participate in the discussion of draft legislation and programmes on the use of nuclear energy, as well as in the discussion of siting, design, construction, operation and withdrawal from The operation of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites. Federal executive authorities, within the limits of their powers, are obliged to hold organizations, including public organizations (associations), and citizens to discuss accommodation, Design and construction of nuclear power facilities. (...) (...) N 122-FZ )As a result of this discussion, federal executive authorities shall make decisions that must be published in the official press. These decisions, once adopted, may be appealed to the court by natural or legal persons whose rights and legally protected interests have been violated. (...) (...) N 122-FZ) Organizations, including public organizations (associations), have the right to recommend their representatives to participate in the examination of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites. the stage of their deployment, design, construction, operation and decommisation. Article 15. Right of citizens to compensation for loss and damage caused by radiative forcing of the use of atomic energy Citizens who have suffered loss and damage as a result of radiation exposure The use of nuclear energy shall be entitled to compensation for such losses and damages in full, in accordance with articles 53 to 60 of this Federal Act and other legislative acts of the Russian Federation. Article 16. Rights of employees of the use of atomic energy to social guarantees (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ) Employees of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites on site, as well as employees engaged in any other work with nuclear materials and radioactive substances, are entitled to social guarantees for the negative health effects of ionizing radiation and for additional risk factors. The right to a social guarantee for the negative effects of ionizing radiation on human health (including health care) is also available to persons who previously worked in the use of nuclear energy. Types, amounts of the provision of social guarantees for the adverse effects of ionizing radiation on human health and for additional risk factors, as well as sources for which the (In the wording of the Federal Law 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ) The procedure for granting social guarantees is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ) Article 17. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 18. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 19. The right of a citizen to conduct medical ionizing radiation procedures The citizen, upon request, shall be provided with complete information on the amount of the planned and actual dose obtained during the examination or treatment. The right to decide on the use of ionizing radiation during medical procedures shall be granted to a national or his/her legal representative. CHAPTER IV. PUBLIC MANAGEMENT OF THE USE OF ATOMIC ENERGY Article 20. State administration of atomic energy (In the revision of Federal Law dated 01.12.2007 N 318-FZ) State administration of nuclear energy is implemented by the federal executive authorities and the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" (hereinafter referred to as the administration) the use of atomic energy) in accordance with the procedure established by this Federal Law, other federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 1 December 2007, N 318-FZ) The competence of nuclear power control authorities, in accordance with the provisions of these bodies, is: State scientific, technical, investment and structural policies in the field of atomic energy; Development of measures to ensure safety in the use of nuclear energy; (In the wording of the Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) rules and regulations for the use of atomic energy; (Spaced by Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ) Development of fire and physical protection measures for nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances; (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) readiness of forces and means to act in case of emergency situations in nuclear energy facilities and state control over the execution of prevention activities; participation in the organization and conduct of work on the certification of equipment, products and technologies for nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites; State monitoring of compliance with government standards, class="ed"> product conformity assessment rules in the area use of atomic energy; (In the wording of Federal Law of 07.11.2011) N 303-FZ) State monitoring of radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation in the vicinity of nuclear power facilities Organizations, participation in its implementation; (In the wording of the Federal Law of 21.11.2011). N 331-FZ) State accounting and control of nuclear materials and radioactive substances; State control of the technical safety of vessels and other floating equipment with nuclear facilities and radiation Sources; formation and implementation of radioactive waste management programmes; ensuring the unity of measurements in the field of atomic energy use; (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 07.11.2011) g. N 303-FZ) (In the wording of Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) organization and implementation of accreditation in the field of atomic energy use; (Paragraph added-Federal law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ ) other functions in accordance with the regulation on nuclear power management. Article 21. The State monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation the timely detection of changes in radiation situation, assessment, prediction and prevention of possible adverse effects of radiation on the population and the environment, as well as for systematic presentation of relevant operational information to the public authorities, Control of the use of atomic energy, state regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy, the organization for taking the necessary measures to prevent or reduce radiative forcing. The State monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation is part of the State environmental monitoring (State monitoring of the environment) and is carried out within a single framework. The State automated monitoring system of radiation situation in the territory of the Russian Federation and its functional subsystems. Maintenance of the unified state automated system for monitoring the radiation situation in the territory of the Russian Federation and its functional subsystems is carried out by the authorized Government of the Russian Federation by the executive authorities, as well as by the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom. Coordination of activities for the maintenance of a unified state automated monitoring system of radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation and its functional subsystems is carried out by the Government Commissioner OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Information obtained from the State monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation is submitted by the Atomic Energy Management and (or) operating organizations in Unified State automated monitoring system of radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation and its functional subsystems. The procedure for organizing and maintaining a unified state automated system for monitoring the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation and its functional subsystems, powers of the relevant bodies and organizations, procedure and the frequency of the submission of information received in the State monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation into a single State automated monitoring system of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Article in the wording of Federal Law of 21.11.2011). N 331-FZ) Article 22. State registration and control of nuclear materials, radioactive substances and radioactive waste Nuclear materials, radioactive substances, radioactive waste irrespective of the form of ownership shall be subject to State accounting and control in the system of State accounting and control of nuclear materials and in the system of State accounting and control of radioactive substances and radioactive waste for the determination of the quantities of these materials, of substances and wastes at their location, unauthorized use and theft, provision of information on the presence and movement of nuclear materials to public authorities, nuclear power management authorities and State security regulation bodies, of radioactive substances and of radioactive waste, as well as on their export and import. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 05.02.2007, N 13-FZ) How the System of Public Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the System of Public Accounting and Control of Radioactive Substances and Radioactive Waste is defined The Government of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 190-FZ) Chapter V. STATE RESPONSIBILITY OF SAFETY IN USE OF ATOMIC ENERGY Article 23. State regulation of security when using atomic energy State regulation of safety in the use of nuclear energy provides for the activities of relevant of the federal executive authorities of the and the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom", aimed at the organization of the development, approval and enforcement of norms and regulations in the field of the use of nuclear energy, Authorization (licences) for the right to work in the field use of atomic energy, accreditation, standardization, conformity assessment, supervision of safety, carrying out of expertise and inspections (inspections), control of development and the implementation of measures to protect workers of nuclear energy, population and the environment in the event of an accident in the use of nuclear energy. In the wording of the federal laws of 22.08.2004, N 122-FZ; dated 01.12.2007. N 318-FZ; dated 18.07.2011. N 242-FZ; dated 30.11.2011. N 347-FZ) Article 24. Federal executive authorities, State regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy State regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy It is implemented by the federal executive authorities, the State Security Regulates, which regulate the safety of the safety of nuclear energy. These bodies are independent from other State bodies, as well as from organizations whose activities are related to the use of nuclear energy. In the wording of the federal laws of 22.08.2004, N 122-FZ; dated 30.11.2011. N 347-FZ ) Activities in the field of regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy and delineation of powers, rights, duties and responsibilities of the relevant authorities, and The powers of the officers of the said bodies shall be established in the regulations of the State security regulations. (In the wording of Federal Law of 30.11.2011) N 347-FZ Measures implemented by the State Security Regulating Authorities should be commensurate with the potential dangers of nuclear energy facilities and activities relating to the use of nuclear energy. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) The activities of the State Security Administration are financed from the federal budget. Article 24-1. Federal State supervision for the use of atomic energy Under the federal state supervision in the field of atomic energy, the activities of the Commissioner are understood A federal executive body aimed at preventing, detecting and suppressing violations by legal entities, their leaders and other officials involved in the use of atomic energy (hereinafter referred to as "the"). legal entities) of the requirements established under OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION To organize and carry out inspections (inspections) of these persons, to take measures under the legislation of the Russian Federation to curb the detected violations, and the activities of the said federal executive authority monitoring of the implementation of the mandatory requirements, Forecasting the status of implementation of these requirements in the exercise by legal persons of their activities. Federal State supervision of the use of atomic energy is carried out by the authorized federal executive authority (hereinafter referred to as the purpose of this article-state security regulation) in OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The provisions of the Federal Act of 26 December apply to relations relating to the exercise of federal State supervision in the field of the use of atomic energy, the organization and conduct of inspections (inspections) of legal persons. 2008 N 294-FZ "On protection of the rights of legal persons and individual entrepreneurs in the exercise of State control (supervision) and municipal control", taking into account the peculiarities of the organization and carrying out inspections (inspections) established by parts the fourth to twelfth of this article and other federal Laws. The subject of verification (inspection) is the compliance of a legal person in the process of carrying out activities in the field of the use of atomic energy of the mandatory requirements, the conditions of the permit (s) required for security Safety in the use of atomic energy, as well as the conformity of nuclear energy facilities, their components and systems with those requirements. The basis for the inclusion of a planned inspection (inspection) in the annual plan of planned inspections (inspections) is the expiry of one year from the date: giving the legal person the permission (licence) for implementation Activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy, registration of a legal person in accordance with Article 36-1 of this Federal Law; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ) , in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, to enter into service after construction, technical re-equipment, reconstruction, major maintenance of nuclear energy facilities, including those used for the use of nuclear energy, their components and systems, including buildings, facilities, installations, equipment, equipment and materials; (inspections). The name and location of the facility are added in the annual plan for routine inspections, order (s) of the State security regulation for the purpose of verification; The Conference of the States members of the Commission on Human Grounds for an exceptional inspection (inspection) are: { { see | } { } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b : } { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field } { \field } { \field Mandatory requirements; revenues to the state security regulation body: Legal person's application for authorization (licence) to carry out activities in the field of atomic energy, Reformating a license or making changes to the condition Authorization (licence), termination of authorization (licence), registration in accordance with Article 36-1 of this Federal Law, or on the initiation of the execution of dangerous and (or) dangerous works in accordance with the norms and The regulations on the use of nuclear energy; (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 93-FZ) Official data of the State monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation indicating its change in connection with the exploitation of nuclear energy facilities; Federal Act No. N331-FZ) petitions and applications of citizens, including individual entrepreneurs, legal entities, information from public authorities (officials of state security regulation), local authorities Self-government, media reports of violations of nuclear and radiation safety requirements in the use of nuclear energy, including the conditions of the permit (licence) required for security in the field the use of nuclear energy, Protection, State accounting and control of nuclear materials, radioactive substances and radioactive wastes, the conduct of work and the implementation of activities affecting the safety of the object of the use of nuclear energy not provided for Licenses (licences), activities without permits (licences), violation of compulsory requirements in the construction, operation and decommising of nuclear power facilities, their components and systems, as well as in handling nuclear materials substances and radioactive wastes, if such violations endanger the life, health of the person, the damage to animals, plants, the environment, the security of the State, the property of natural and legal persons, the State or municipal property, the threat of man-made emergencies or the occurrence of such harm and of technogenic emergencies; executive order (s) (Deputy Head) of the State Regulatory Authority the safety of an unscheduled inspection (inspection) issued in accordance with the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation or the Government of the Russian Federation, or on the basis of a procurator's request for an unscheduled inspection within the framework of Supervision of the enforcement of laws on the materials and applications received by the procuratorial authorities. An Off-site inspection (inspection) on the basis of the sixth paragraph of paragraph 6 of this article may be carried out immediately, with the notification of the prosecuting authority in the manner prescribed by article 10, part 12. Federal Act No. 294-FZ of 26 December 2008 "On the protection of the rights of legal persons and individual entrepreneurs in the exercise of State control (supervision) and municipal control", without coordination with the prosecution service. The date of the inspection (inspection) of nuclear energy facilities is no more than thirty working days from the start of the inspection. In exceptional cases involving complex and (or) lengthy research, tests, special examinations and investigations based on reasoned proposals of the officials of the State The inspection (inspection) period may be extended by the head (s) of this body, but not more than thirty working days. The preliminary notification of a legal person to conduct an unscheduled inspection (inspection) on the basis referred to in paragraph 5 or 6 of part 7 of this article is permitted just before the commencement of the inspection. On individual objects of nuclear energy use, the regime of constant state supervision may be established in accordance with the provisions of Federal Act No. 294-FZ of 26 December 2008 " On the protection of the rights of legal persons and Individual entrepreneurs in the exercise of State control (supervision) and municipal control ". " The Government of the Russian Federation shall set the procedure for the use of nuclear energy for which such a regime is established. State regulation of security and its officials, in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation, have the right: to request and receive from reasoned written requests from Legal entities information and documents required during the inspection (inspection); , in accordance with the established regime, without hinders upon presentation of a service certificate and a copy of the executive order (s) (Deputy Head) of the State Regulatory Authority Security for the inspection of nuclear power facilities and surveys of buildings, facilities, equipment, equipment, materials, and conducting research, testing, expertise, investigation and other control activities; issue instructions to legal persons for the removal of detected breaches of the mandatory requirements for the construction, operation and decommising of nuclear power facilities and claims Physical Protection, Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, of radioactive substances and radioactive waste, the conduct of measures to ensure the prevention of harm to life, human health, damage to animals, plants, the environment, the security of the State, the property of natural and legal persons, State or municipal property, preventing the threat of man-made emergencies; to draw up protocols on administrative offences relating to breaches of mandatory requirements, To hear cases of these administrative offences and to receive Measures to prevent such violations; to send material relating to violations of mandatory requirements to the competent authorities to deal with criminal cases on the grounds of crime. The State Security Management Authority may be tried by the court to participate in the case, or may enter the case on its own initiative or on the initiative of the persons involved in the case to give an opinion on the claim for damages, Life, health, damage caused to animals, plants, the environment, the security of the State, the property of natural and legal persons, State or municipal property, as a result of a breach of compulsory requirements. class="doclink "href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102038289&backlink=1 & &nd=102149703" target="contents "title=" "> from 18.07.2011 N 242-FZ) Article 25. The powers of the state security regulatory authorities State regulation of security, within the limits of their competence, have the power to: the right of legislative initiative, proposals for the development of laws on safety in the use of atomic energy; to develop, approve and enforce rules and regulations for the use of nuclear energy of energy under this Federal Act and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION of the use of nuclear energy, under the terms of the permits (licenses) for the right to work in the field of atomic energy; to oversee nuclear, radiation, technical and fire safety; monitor the physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances, supervision of systems of unified State accounting and control of nuclear materials, radioactive substances, radioactive waste; organize Conducting a safety audit (examination of the security justification) of nuclear energy facilities and (or) activities in the field of nuclear energy use through the provision of tasks for carrying out this expertise, as well as or the adoption or non-adoption of conclusions The results of its implementation; (as amended by the Federal Law of 2 July 2013) N 159-FZ) to carry out inspection (inspections)related to the exercise of its powers; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 18.07.2011 N 242-FZ) take part in the organization and conduct of certification of equipment, products and technologies for nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites; and the use of natural resources in the use of atomic energy; and of radiation, technical and fire safety; OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federation of; develop, approve and enforce safety guidelines for the use of atomic energy; (Paragraph added is the federal law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZparticipate in the work on accreditation for the use of atomic energy. (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) Article 26. Licenses (licenses) to the right to maintain work in the field of atomic energy In this Federal Act, under a licence (licence), the right to work in the field of nuclear energy is understood A valid document confirming the right to carry out a certain activity, subject to the safety of nuclear power facilities and the work being done. The licences (licenses) for the right to work in the field of nuclear energy are issued by the State Security Regulates. The permits (licences) are issued to the operating organizations, as well as to organizations performing work and providing services in the field of atomic energy. The authorization (s) for the right to work on the use of nuclear energy must be specified by the holder of the permit (licence), the requirements and conditions necessary for the maintenance of the work, and the duration of the operation permissions (licenses). In accordance with this Federal Law, licensing is subject to the use of nuclear power-location, construction, operation and decommising of nuclear facilities, radiation Sources, storage sites for nuclear materials and radioactive substances, radioactive waste storage facilities, closure of radioactive waste disposal sites, handling of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, including exploration and production uranium ore, in production, use, processing, Transport and storage of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, radioactive waste management in their storage, processing, transportation and burial, use of nuclear materials and (or) radioactive substances in research and development, design and construction of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites for nuclear materials and radioactive materials, radioactive waste storage, construction and Manufacture of equipment for nuclear installations, radiation sources, of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, radioactive waste storage facilities, safety audits (security assessments) of nuclear energy facilities and (or) activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 347-FZ Introduction of new norms and regulations in the field of nuclear energy does not directly terminate or change the duration of permits (licenses) for the right to work in the field of the use of nuclear energy. Any activity in the field of the use of nuclear energy subject to licensing by State security authorities is not permitted without a permit (licence) to conduct it. For providing a state security management authority (licence) for the right to work in the field of atomic energy, for redecorating and extending its validity (its) The State duty is paid in the amounts and in accordance with the procedure established by the laws of the Russian Federation on taxes and duties. (Part added-Federal law of 27.12.2009 N 374-FZ) According to the application of a licensee or licensee, a combined licence for the implementation of several activities in the field of nuclear energy may be issued in respect of one or the other Several objects where these activities are carried out. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) (In the wording of Federal Law of 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ) The licensing procedure, including the procedure for issuing and terminating licenses (licenses), is established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) When deciding whether to grant a permit (licence) to work on the use of atomic energy or to change the terms of the permit (licence), the decision shall be subject to review (a) The safety and security of objects of nuclear energy use and (or) activities in the field of nuclear energy use (hereafter referred to as expert expertise). The review is organized by the authorized State Security Regulatory Authority and is carried out at the expense of the licensee or the licensee. At the same time, the examination of nuclear energy facilities included in the list referred to in part thirteen of article 24-1 of this Federal Law and (or) activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy, of the objects or in the case of such objects by the operating organizations, is carried out by the organizations of scientific and technical support of the authorized body of state security regulation. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). #347-FZ) (In the wording of the Federal Law of 02.07.2013) N 159-FZ) The examination of the compliance of the documents submitted by the applicant to obtain a licence and to justify the safety of nuclear energy and (or) species Activities in the field of the use of nuclear energy, and (or) the actual state of the object of the use of nuclear energy, the legislation of the Russian Federation, the norms and rules in the field of the use of nuclear energy, the current level of development science, technology and industry. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) Forensics is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the competent authority for state regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 30.11.2011). N 347-FZ) Article 26-1. Periodic security assessment nuclear installation, storage location When a nuclear installation is in operation, a storage facility (licence), issued for a period of more than 10 years, The operating organization performs a periodic safety assessment of a nuclear facility, a storage facility. The procedure for the submission of documents containing the results of the assessment of the safety of a nuclear facility, the storage facility and the safety of their exploitation to the authorized body of the State security management and the requirements for the composition and content of these documents shall be determined by the authorized body of the State security management. The periodic safety assessment is carried out in order to assess the state of safety, taking into account the age of the nuclear installation, the storage facility and the ageing of equipment on the basis of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of security. the use of nuclear energy and for the application of the results of such assessment to ensure safety during the period of operation of the nuclear facility, the storage facility until the next periodic security assessment or the end of the useful life of nuclear weapons settings, storage item. The first periodic safety assessment of a nuclear installation is carried out 10 years after the commencement of their operation, with the subsequent periodic assessment of the safety of a nuclear facility, a storage facility every 10 years before the end of their operation. N 347-FZ) Article 27. { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Atomic Energy { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Permissions { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Permissions { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } permissions { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \field The use of atomic energy is carried out by employees of nuclear power facilities, if they have the permits issued by the State Security Administration. List of professionals who, depending on their activities, should be granted permission to work in the field of atomic energy, as well as those who are required to do so The qualification requirements shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. One of the prerequisites for obtaining these permits is the lack of medical, including psychological, contraindications. The list of medical contraindications and the list of positions to which the contraindications are distributed, as well as the requirements for medical examinations and psychphysiological examinations, are defined by the class="ed"> authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation by the Federal Executive Office of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) The employee who has the said permission is responsible under the Russian Federation law for the violation he has committed in the performance of his or her work. If the terms of the authorization are violated, his or her action may be terminated by the State Security Management Authority which issued the permit. Chapter VI: DISTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR STANDARDS, RADIATION SOURCES AND PARAGRAPHS Article 28. Decisions on the location and construction of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites Decisions to build nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites, The Government of the Russian Federation shall accept federal or inter-regional entities that have a federal or interregional significance or be placed and being built in the territories of closed administrative and territorial entities. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 05.02.2007, N 13-FZ)Decisions on the placement of these facilities are taken by the Government of the Russian Federation in coordination with the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the territories of which The installation and construction of these facilities is expected. (...) (...) N 122-FZ ) Decisions on the location and construction of radiation sources and radioactive substances in the property of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are taken by the public authorities. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of the federal laws of 22 August 2004, N 122-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ)Decisions on location and construction of radiation sources and radioactive substances in municipal property are taken by local authorities Self-government in the territories of which they are to be placed and built. (In the wording of the federal laws of 22 August 2004, N 122-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) The provision of land and subsoil for the deployment of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage facilities is carried out in the order and under the conditions set by the law of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 122-FZ Decisions on placement and construction of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites are taken by in accordance with land legislation, town planning legislation Activities, legislation on the protection of the environment and taking into account the conclusions of the expertise carried out by social organizations. (In the wording of Federal Law of 18.12.2006) N 232-FZ) Government of the Russian Federation takes decisions: to place and build nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites located in Federal property, federal or interregional, or hosted and constructed in the territories of closed administrative and territorial entities. Procedure for deciding on the siting and construction of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and federal property items of federal or interregional significance or hosted and constructed in the territories of closed administrative-territorial entities, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation; on arrangements for the classification of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage facilities for objects of federal or interregional { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field { \ The construction of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites not in State or municipal property, either of no federal or interregional significance or not being hosted or constructed in the territories closed administrative and territorial entities. (Part of the Federal Law of 01.12.2007) N 318-FZ) Article 29. Aborting the decision to build a nuclear plant, radiation source or a storage item State body or organization that decided to build a nuclear plant, radiation of a source or a storage facility are obliged to cancel the decision they have taken, or to terminate or suspend the construction of the facility if additional factors are identified, resulting in a deterioration in the level of its safety, to the environment or to other adverse effects. Proposals for the revision of the adopted decision may be taken by public authorities, local authorities and public organizations (associations). (In the wording of the Federal Law of 1 December 2007, N 318-FZ)) Losses related to termination or suspension of a nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility if additional factors are identified during their construction Reducing the level of security of these facilities, environmental degradation or other adverse effects is subject to judicial compensation through organizations that have not been identified and taken into account in a timely manner. In all other cases, losses relating to the termination or suspension of the construction of these facilities shall be reimbursed from the respective budgets. Article 30. Basic Requirements for the Safety of Intended Nuclear Installations and Facilities, Radiation Sources and Storage Paragraphs Placement and construction of nuclear facilities, radiation Sources and storage sites should be implemented on the basis of norms and regulations on the use of nuclear energy and rules and regulations in the field of environmental protection, taking into account the requirements of urban planning legislation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 232-FZ) The solution for the placement and construction of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility is taken into account: requirements for the solution of the economic and defence tasks of the Russian Federation and separate regions; the availability of the conditions necessary for the deployment of these facilities, which comply with the rules and regulations on the use of nuclear energy; the absence of a threat to the safety of nuclear installations, the source or item of storage by the nearby civilian or Military installations; possible social and economic consequences of the deployment of these objects of nuclear energy for industrial, agricultural, social and cultural development of the region. Documents on the assessment of the radiation effects of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or an environmental storage facility are submitted by the appropriate nuclear energy management body or Exploitation by an organization in the design document of the specified objects of use of atomic energy for State expertise in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on urban planning. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 232-FZ) In construction, reconstruction, major maintenance of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, state construction supervision is carried out by the federal executive body The authorities authorized to carry out State building supervision in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on urban planning. (Part added-Federal Law of 18 December 2006 N 232-FZ) Article 31. The establishment of a protective zone and of the observation zone In order to protect the population in the vicinity of a nuclear installation, a radiation source or a storage facility, a special area of health protection is established; and Surveillance zone. The radiation situation should be monitored in the health protection zone and the surveillance zone. The size and boundaries of the sanitary protection zone are defined in the draft health protection zone in accordance with the norms and rules for the use of nuclear energy, which is agreed upon with the public authorities. Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance and approved by local governments in municipal districts or urban districts. (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ ) In the sanitary protection zone, accommodation of residential and public buildings, children's institutions, as well as non-functioning nuclear facilities, radiation source or storage sites is prohibited. Health and wellness facilities, catering facilities, industrial facilities, covets and other facilities and facilities not provided for by the approved sanitary and protective zone project. The use of existing facilities and installations in the health protection zone for management purposes is permitted when the use is made by the operating organization with the permission of the authorities State regulation of security. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ ) The need to establish a surveillance zone, its size and boundaries shall be determined by the project on the basis of safety characteristics of nuclear energy facilities and shall be agreed upon with the public authorities Surveillance and disease surveillance. In the zone of surveillance by the state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance authorities, restrictions on economic activity may be imposed in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. The losses caused by the establishment of the sanitary and protective zone and the observation zone shall be reimbursed by the operating organization in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. For some objects of the use of atomic energy, in accordance with the safety features of these facilities, the sanitary and protective zone and the observation zone may be limited to the limits of the site, the building, the premises. Article 32. The seizure and exploitation of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites The seizure of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites To be carried out in a complex with all the specified facilities in the project for the use of nuclear energy by objects of production and domestic use. Commissioning of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites is subject to the existence of permits (licences) issued by the relevant State security management authorities for their operation. Enter into the exploitation of radiation sources containing only radionuclide sources of the fourth and fifth categories of radiation hazard, is carried out after the registration of the organization in accordance with Article 36-1 of this Federal Law. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 25.06.2012. N 93-FZ) Article 33. decommisation and limitation of the nuclear installations, radiation sources, and storage locations Order and measures to ensure the decommisation of nuclear weapons. Installations, radiation sources and storage facilities should be provided for in the nuclear energy project, in accordance with the norms and rules for the use of nuclear energy. The procedure for forming sources of funding for the decommisation of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and must be determined before they are entered into operation. Proposals for decommising nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites prior to expending a resource or proposal for the limitation of project design The State authorities of the Russian Federation, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as local self-government bodies and social organizations may make technical and economic indicators of their work (s) if justified. Decisions on early decommisation of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites are taken by state authorities, the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom , or The local authorities, within their competence, with the decisions on their structure or their respective successors and communicated to the operating organization in advance, taking into account the technological and the environmental capabilities of the operating organization. In the wording of the federal laws of 22.08.2004, N 122-FZ; dated 01.12.2007. N 318-FZ) In the event of a decision on early decommisation or limitation of performance of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage sites not caused by technical or environmental The losses caused by this decision shall be compensated by the appropriate authorities of the or the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom", which have taken this decision. The decision on damages (if there is a dispute) is made by the courts. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 01.12.2007) N 318-FZ) CHAPTER VII. THE LEGAL SITUATION OF THE ORGANIZATIONS, OF THE ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF ENERGY USE Article 34. Operating organization activities in the field of atomic energy energy Operating Organization-an organization established in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation and Recognized by and under conditions established by the Government of the Russian Federation, the appropriate authority for the management of nuclear energy of usable nuclear facilities, a radiation source or a paragraph whether or not to be stored and carried out by its own forces Other organizations: deployment, design, construction, operation and decommisation of nuclear facilities, radiation source or storage facility, as well as handling of nuclear materials and radioactive materials substances. In order to carry out these activities, the operating organization must have the permits (licences) issued by the relevant State security authorities to operate in the field of atomic energy. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 01.12.2007) N 318-FZ) The operating organization must have the authority, financial, material and other resources sufficient to carry out its functions. The Operating Organization, together with the relevant authorities, establishes a special fund to finance the costs of decommising a nuclear plant, a radiation source or the storage facility, with spent nuclear fuel management, and to finance research and development to justify and improve the safety of these facilities. (In the wording of the federal laws of 05.02.2007) N 13-FZ; dated 01.12.2007. N 318-FZ) The Government of the Russian Federation shall determine the order, sources of education and the use of this fund. Interference in the operation of the operating organization in terms of the operation of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility, except in the cases provided for by this Federal Law, other laws and other legal instruments OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 35. The responsibility and responsibilities of the security organization of the nuclear installation, radiation source, and storage point The operating organization is fully operational The responsibility for the safety of nuclear installations, the radiation source and the storage facility, as well as the proper handling of nuclear materials and radioactive materials. In the event of the revocation of a licence (licence) for the operation of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility, it shall continue to be responsible for the safety of the nuclear installation, the radiation source and the paragraph storage until the specified objects are transferred to another operating organization or until a new permit (license) is obtained. In the event of the inability of the operating organization to ensure the safety of these facilities, the appropriate authority for the management of nuclear energy is responsible for security and proper handling the security of these objects before the new operating organization is created. The operating organization develops and implements activities to maintain the safety of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility, and establishes, if necessary, specialized services that control the Security, provides information on the state of safety of nuclear installations, radiation source or storage point in state security regulations. Operating organization provides: using a nuclear installation, a radiation source, and a storage point only for the purposes for which they are intended; organization and coordination of development, and The implementation of quality assurance programmes at all stages of the development, operation and decommisation of a nuclear facility, a radiation source and a storage facility,monitoring of these programmes; (B Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ) development and implementation of measures to prevent accidents at nuclear facilities, radiation source and storage sites, and to reduce their negative effects on employees of these facilities, the population and the environment { \field { \field { \field { \field } { \field } { { \field { \field } { \field } { \field } { { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { Atomic Energy Social guarantees; (B Federal Law of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ ) "Accounting for the irradiation of workers of nuclear power facilities"; Design and implementation within its competence of measures to protect workers and the population in the event of a nuclear accident installation, radiation source or storage location; accounting and control of nuclear materials and radioactive substances; Physical protection of nuclear installations, radiation source, storage location, nuclear materials and radioactive substances; development and implementation of measures fire safety; Radiation Control in the Sanitary and Protection Zone and Surveillance Area; Collate, Training and Maintaining Qualification of Nuclear-Installers, Radiation Source, Storage and Establishment The necessary social and living conditions in the workplace; information about the radiation situation in the health protection zone and the observation zone; exercising other powers established by regulatory legal acts. Article 36. Duties of the } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Protection { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Storage point In the event of a nuclear installation accident, radiation source or a storage facility that has resulted in the release of radioactive substances in excess of the prescribed limits to the environment, the operating organization is obliged to Provide operational information on the radiation situation Relevant public authorities, local authorities and the population of the most threatened areas of the territory, nuclear power management bodies, state security agencies, system services State monitoring of the radiation situation, the State monitoring of the radiation situation on the territory of the Russian Federation and the Russian system of warning and action in emergency situations. In the wording of Federal Law No. N 331-FZ ) While performing work to prevent the development of an accident or to eliminate its effects, the irradiation of workers (including those on secondment) may be allowed (but not above the dose) of potentially hazardous radiation exposure, established by regulatory instruments) only when it is not possible to take other measures excluding the exposure, and can only be justified in saving lives, preventing mass exposure, and at the risk of significant radioactive contamination of the environment. The management of the operating organization is obliged to inform the employees participating in the work about the possible risk of radiation exposure above the established dose limits and obtain their consent, as well as the authorization of the relevant authorities of the Russian Federation. Responsibilities and procedure of the operating organization, as well as its interaction with the State authorities, local authorities and the administration of atomic energy for implementation Activities for the protection of workers in the use of nuclear energy and the population in the event of an accident, including in the case of transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, should be included in the plans for such activities. The procedure for the development and approval of such plans shall be established by the rules and regulations on the use of nuclear energy. Article 36-1. { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024} { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024} { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } 25.06.2012 N 93-FZ) The management of radionuclide sources containing radionuclide sources is regulated by the present Federal law. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 93-FZ) For the purposes of this article, radionuclide sources shall recognize articles containing a limited radioactive substance recorded for use in radiation sources. Activities on the exploitation of radiation sources, consisting of only radionuclide sources of the fourth and fifth categories of radiation hazard, in accordance with the norms and rules for the use of nuclear energy. energy, not subject to licensing under this Federal Law. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 93-FZ )Organizations that operate radioactive sources containing only radionuclide sources of the fourth and fifth categories of radiation hazard, not are recognized by the operating organizations in accordance with this Federal Law. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 93-FZ) Organizations that operate radionuclide sources containing only radionuclide sources of the fourth and fifth categories of radiation hazards are subject to registration in the order, by the Government of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N 93-FZ) (Article padded-Federal Law of 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ) Article 37. Organizations performing work and providing services to the operating organization of the Organization that conducts research and research, design, construction and decommising of nuclear facilities, Radiation sources or storage sites, design and manufacture of equipment, other works and other services in the field of atomic energy, ensure the delivery of work and services in such a manner of quantity and of such quality which conform to the rules and regulations in the field of The use of nuclear power and the responsibility for the quality of the works and services rendered during the entire project life of the nuclear facility, the radiation source, the storage facility or the equipment manufactured for them. The Atomic Energy Management Authority recommends the organization responsible for developing a nuclear installation or storage facility. The Head of the organization (the State Unitary Enterprise) responsible for developing a nuclear installation or storage facility is appointed by a decision of the nuclear power management authority, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Equipment, articles and technologies for nuclear facilities, radiation sources or storage sites are subject to conformity assessment in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (B The wording of the Federal Law No. N 248-FZ) When the activities of the organizations that work and provide services in the field of atomic energy to the operating organization cease to operate, liability for all activities of such organizations shall be entrusted to another organization recognized by the relevant authority for the management of atomic energy. Article 37-1. Scientific and Technical Support Organization State of the State of the Organization for Scientific and Technical Support of the Designated Authority of the State Security regulation is carried out for the purposes of: scientific and technical assurance of state regulation of safety in the use of atomic energy, including the implementation and coordination of research and development development, implementation and expertise, including safety expertise; development and improvement of the regulatory framework for the use of nuclear energy, other activities aimed at improving the state regulation of safety at the time of use of atomic energy. Assignment of legal person to scientific and technical support is carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. class="doclink "href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102038289&backlink=1 & &nd=102152558" target="contents "title=" "> dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ) Article 38. Labour relations and discipline of workers whose activities are related to the use of nuclear energy Labour relations and discipline of workers involved in the use of atomic energy, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION For organizations with a particularly dangerous production, the labour relations and discipline of these workers are regulated together with the legislation on labour of the Russian Federation on discipline. The list of such organizations shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. The Government of the Russian Federation defines the conditions of labor and social welfare of certain categories of employees of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage facilities of the relevant contracts of employment. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 122-FZ) Article 39. Public events in the territories nuclear installations and storage sites (Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-F Conduct of unauthorized gatherings, meetings, demonstrations and other unauthorized public events (hereinafter referred to as public events) in the territory of a nuclear installation or paragraph and in their sanitary and protective zones are prohibited. (In the wording of Federal Law of 30.11.2011) N 347-FZ) The organization and conduct of public events outside the territories of nuclear installations and storage sites, as well as strikes, are not allowed, and if a violation may occur as a result The operation of a nuclear facility or a storage facility will make it difficult for employees of nuclear installations or places of service to perform their duties, or other threats to the safety of the population, the environment, and health, The rights and legitimate interests of others. Protests against the prohibition and prohibition of such actions are permitted in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ Damage caused to the operating organization as a result of these actions that impinge upon the safe operation of a nuclear installation or storage facility shall be compensated by the perpetrators and organizations (subject to dispute) in the court order. Chapter VIII. SPECIFIC CONSTRUCTION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE VESSELS AND EXPLOITATION OF THE YUCLEAR PRODUCTS WITH NUCLEAR INSTALLATION AND RADIATION SOURCES Article 40. Basic requirements for vessels and other floating equipment and radioactive sources When designing, constructing, operating and decommising vessels and other craft Nuclear installations and radiation sources must comply with the requirements of the rules and regulations concerning the use of nuclear energy, State standards, regulations of the Maritime Register, the environmental and other legislation of the Russian Federation. The conformity of vessels and other floating equipment with nuclear facilities and radiation sources to these requirements must be supported by the relevant documents. The responsibility for the safety of vessels and other floating nuclear facilities and radiation sources is carried out at the stage of construction and commissioning of the head design organization and shipbuilding organizations, and after Report of the Board of the United Nations Captain and ship crew members of vessels and other nuclear facilities and radiation sources should be specially trained in the use of nuclear energy, as well as permits issued by the relevant authorities State regulation of security, the right to exploit them. The commissioning of vessels and other floating equipment with nuclear facilities and radiation sources is permitted if the operators are authorized to do so. Article 41. Port of the Russian Federation of vessels and other vessels with nuclear facilities List of radioactive sources List of Russian Federation ports, which permit calls of vessels and other craft The Government of the Russian Federation defines nuclear facilities and radiation sources, including those in distress. The procedure for entry into the ports of the Russian Federation of vessels and other floating equipment with nuclear facilities and radiation sources is determined by the regulatory legal acts and rules agreed with the state regulatory authorities Security. The administration of the port of the Russian Federation, which permits the entry of vessels and other vessels with nuclear facilities and radiation sources, should have a plan of action for the protection of port workers and other persons on the port side. the territory of the port and in its waters, in the case of accidents on such vessels and craft, and to ensure its implementation, if necessary. Responsibility for the implementation of the action plan for the protection of the population in the vicinity of the port in the event of such accidents is vested in the relevant federal executive authorities. (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ Vessels and other vessels with nuclear facilities and radiation sources in distress may enter the ports of the Russian Federation only in the event of prior notification to the relevant administration the port and local authorities. Article 42. Prevention of radioactive contamination of the environment by vessels and other floating equipment with nuclear facilities and radiation sources Reset of nuclear materials and radioactive substances into water of oceans, seas, other water bodies from ships and other floating nuclear facilities and radiation sources in quantities exceeding the limits established by the norms and rules for the use of nuclear energy, is allowed. In the repair of these vessels and craft, and after the shutdown of nuclear facilities and radiation sources, measures for the prevention of radioactive contamination shall be provided prior to decommisation. class="ed"> marine and other aquatic environments. (In the wording of Federal Law of 14 July 2008). N 118-FZ) In the event of the diversion of radioactive substances in excess of the prescribed limits from vessels and other floating equipment and radiation sources, the captains or command managers of these vessels and craft are obliged to accept All the measures that depend on them to stop or limit the diversion of radioactive substances, to place them in the environment, and to immediately inform the State security authorities of the incident, public authorities, State monitoring Radiation situation in the Russian Federation, other vessels, nearby settlements and ports located in the area of possible radiation effects, as well as the relevant local authorities. In the wording of Federal Law No. N 331-FZ ) The alert of States located in the zone of possible radiation exposure as a result of the radiation accident on vessels and other floating establishments with nuclear facilities and radiation sources is carried out in OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION CHAPTER IX. SPECIFIC CONDITIONS IN USE OF SPACE AND ILLEGAL APPARATORS WITH NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS AND RADIATION SOURCES Article 43. Ensuring the security of space and aircraft with nuclear installations and radiation sources In the design, construction and operation of space and aircraft with nuclear facilities The use of nuclear energy, as well as environmental protection requirements, must be respected, as well as by the use of radioactive sources, as well as with the use of radioactive materials. In the event of a malfunction on board a spacecraft or aircraft with nuclear facilities or radiological sources, which may result in the unplanned return of nuclear materials or radioactive substances In accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation, assistance is provided to interested States and assistance in case of need. Notification of local government bodies, security regulators and provision of assistance to the population in case of need for assistance to the population shall be carried out in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and the public authorities THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter X. TREATMENT OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL, RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND RADIOACTIVE WASTE Article 44. State Policy on the Treatment of Nuclear Materials, Radioactive Waste Materials, Radioactive Waste, Radioactive Waste Materials, Radioactive Waste Materials, Radioactive Waste Materials, substances and radioactive waste should include comprehensive solutions to the problems of their acquisition, education, use, physical protection, collection, registration and accounting, transportation of, storage and disposal. In the wording of the Federal Law of 11 July 2011, N 190-FZ) State policy on the handling of nuclear materials, radioactive substances and radioactive waste is governed by this Federal Law and other laws on regulation of activities in the field of Treatment of nuclear materials, radioactive substances, radioactive waste. Article 45. Transportation of nuclear materials and radioactive substances Transporting nuclear materials and radioactive substances should be carried out in accordance with special rules, transport rules OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The rules for the transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances should provide for the rights, duties and responsibilities of the consignor, the carrier and the consignee, the safety measures, the physical protection, the system of agreed measures, and to prevent accidents and accidents in the transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, packaging requirements, labelling and vehicles, localization and elimination of consequences of possible accidents during transport of the materials and substances specified. Regulations for the transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances should include all possible modes of transport. The carrier of nuclear materials and radioactive substances shall have a permit (licence) issued by the relevant State Security Regulatory Authority for the right to work in the field of nuclear energy. Foreign organizations with appropriate permissions (licenses) for the right to work on the use of nuclear energy issued by the federal executive branch or the State Corporation Atomic Energy Agency "Rosatom" may transport (transport) nuclear materials in the conduct of international maritime or air transport. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 01.12.2007). N 318-FZ) Article 46. Prevention of accidents and accidents during transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances When transporting nuclear materials, radioactive substances of transport organizations with The participation of the senders and recipients of these products, the operators of the organizations and, where necessary, the local authorities, the relevant authorities of the State security regulation, including the public authorities. of sanitary and epidemiological surveillance, internal affairs bodies and Civil defence formations are obliged to carry out activities to prevent accidents and accidents and to eliminate their consequences, as well as measures to protect workers of nuclear energy use, population and environment environment and wealth. The regional emergency units of the operating organizations are also used to deal with the consequences of accidents in the transport of nuclear materials and radioactive substances. The Government of the Russian Federation shall establish procedures for the formation, operation and financing of regional emergency forces. Article 47. Storage and reprocessing of nuclear materials and radioactive substances (In the revision of Federal Law dated 11.07.2011 N 190-FZ) The storage and processing of nuclear materials and radioactive substances should provide reliable protection to workers in the use of nuclear energy, the population and the environment in accordance with the rules and regulations concerning the use of nuclear energy for radiative forcing and radioactive contamination. Temporary technological storage of irradiated nuclear reactor fuel assemblies to improve safety and reduce costs for subsequent treatment and recycling to extract valuable components In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel for the purpose of extracting valuable components from it should be in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. class="ed"> (In the federal laws dated 10.07.2001 N 94-FZ; of 11.07.2011 N190-FZ) Article 48. Storage or disposal of radioactive waste Where radioactive waste is stored or disposed of, they must be reliably isolated from the environment, the protection of present and future generations, biological resources from radiative forcing above the limits set by the rules and regulations on the use of atomic energy. Storage or disposal of radioactive waste is permitted only in specially designated storage sites. Storage or disposal of radioactive waste should be provided for by project or technical documentation as a mandatory stage of any nuclear technology cycle. Storage and burial of radioactive wastes are carried out in accordance with the Federal Law "On handling of radioactive waste and amending certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation" and other federal acts. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION regulatory authorities Regulation on the use of atomic energy. (In the wording of the Federal Law No. N190-FZ CHAPTER XI. PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS, RADIATION, STORAGE, STORAGE, NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES Article 49. Ensuring physical protection of nuclear installations, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances Physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, Storage, nuclear materials and radioactive substances provide a unified system for planning, coordinating, monitoring and implementing a set of technical and organizational measures aimed at: of nuclear installations, Sources and points of storage, preventing unauthorized access to nuclear materials and radioactive substances, preventing theft or spoilage; the security of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, the timely detection and suppression of acts of sabotage and terrorism threatening the safety of nuclear installations, radiation sources and storage sites; return of missing or stolen nuclear materials and Substances. Physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances is carried out at all stages of design, construction, operation and decommisation Nuclear materials and radioactive substances, including the use of nuclear materials and radioactive materials, including nuclear materials and radioactive materials. Physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances is provided by the operating organizations and the relevant federal authorities In accordance with the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the (In the wording of Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) The State Security Administration controls the physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances. Internal affairs and security services may be involved in the physical protection of nuclear energy facilities. Article 50. Requirements for physical protection of nuclear installations, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive materials Requirements for physical protection of nuclear weapons Plants, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive substances are established by regulations and rules on the use of nuclear energy. Physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, storage sites, nuclear materials and radioactive materials should be carried out in accordance with the international obligations of the Russian Federation Atomic Energy Agency. The operation of nuclear installations, radiation sources, storage sites and any work on the use of nuclear materials and radioactive substances in any form and at any stage of production are prohibited. The use, processing, transportation or storage of nuclear energy. Article 51. Limitation of the rights of persons in the nuclear installations, radiation source, storage location, organization for handling nuclear materials or radioactive substances In the interests of physical protection of a nuclear facility, a radiation source, a storage facility, an organization for the treatment of nuclear materials or radioactive substances in the territories of their location, employees of specified objects of the use of atomic energy, The objectives of the atomic energy use, as well as their belongings and vehicles, may be inspected, including through the use of special means. Article 52. Admittance of persons to work on nuclear installation, on radiation source, at the point of storage, with nuclear materials and radioactive substances To work on nuclear installation, on radiation source, in Storage facilities, nuclear materials and radioactive substances are permitted to meet the relevant qualifications, as well as persons who have been granted access to the said work relating to State secrets, in accordance with the requirements of State security, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION A person with listed medical contraindications is not allowed to work on a nuclear installation, radiation source, storage facility, nuclear materials and radioactive substances. Chapter XII. RESPONSIBILITY FOR DAMAGES AND TIME, CHARACTED RADIATION LEGAL AND PHYSICAL IMPACT Article 53. Liability for damages and injuries caused by the legal and natural persons, health of citizens Civil liability for damages caused to legal and natural persons In accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the operating organization shall be liable to radiation when it is carrying out work in the field of nuclear energy. Reparation is subject to harm caused to the life and health of citizens and caused by the radiation exposure or the combination of radiation with toxic, explosive or other dangerous effects. If, in addition to losses caused by the radiation exposure, other losses that cannot reasonably be separated from damage caused by the radiation exposure cause such losses to be compensated on the basis of this Federal law. Article 54. Basis of civil liability for loss and damage caused by radiation effect Liability of the operating organization for loss and damage caused by radiation exposure, according to This Federal Act is applicable independently of the fault of the operating organization. The operating organization shall be exonclated from liability for damages and injuries caused by radiation exposure due to force majeure, hostilities, armed conflict and the intent of the victim itself. If the operating organization proves that the loss or damage was caused wholly or in part by the intent of the person to whom the loss or damage was caused, the said operating organization shall be released in whole or in part from the loss Liability for damages and injury to such person. Excusing of damages and damages shall be effected by the courts. Article 55. Types and limits of liability for damages and damage caused by radiation Types and limits of liability of the operating organization for loss and damage caused by radiation exposure depending on the type of the Russian Federation. The maximum limits of liability for loss and damage caused by radiation exposure in respect of any one incident cannot be greater than the amount established by the international treaties to which the Russian Federation is a party. Article 56. Financial security of civil liability liability for damages and damage caused by the radiation exposure The operating organization is obliged to have a financial guarantee of the liability limit, as established in article 55 of this Federal Act. The financial security of the operating organization in the event of damages and damage caused by radiation consists of a state guarantee or other guarantee, the availability of its own funds and the insurance policy (contract). The existence of a documentary confirmation of the said financial security is a prerequisite for obtaining a permit (licence) by the appropriate governmental authority safety, to operate a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility. Conditions and procedures for insurance of civil liability for loss and damage caused by radiation, the order and sources of the insurance fund, as well as the procedure for the payment of social guarantees are defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 122-FZ Neither the insurer nor any other person providing the financial security of the specified liability in accordance with this article may suspend or terminate insurance or other financial security, without notifying in writing three months before the suspension or until the termination of insurance or other financial security by the State Security Administration or during the period of transport of nuclear material; and of radioactive substances, when such insurance or other financial The provision deals with the transport of nuclear material and radioactive substances. Article 57. The participation of the State in damages and damage caused by radiation The Government of the Russian Federation shall provide for the payment of damages and losses caused by radiation; and The liability for which the operating entity is responsible in the part where the damage and injury exceeds the liability limit established for the operating entity established by article 55 of this Federal Law, through the provision of the necessary amounts to full reparation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 58. The statute of limitations for damages and injuries caused by the effects of radiation A claim for damages and harm caused to the life and health of citizens by the radiation of the life and health of the citizens shall not be subject to the statute of limitations. distributed. The statute of limitations for damages and injuries caused by the radiation effects of property or the environment shall be set at three years from the date on which the person learned or should have learned of the violation of his or her right. Article 59. Compensation for damage caused by the environmental damage to the environment Operating organization incurs liability for damage caused by radiation to the environment, in accordance with this Federal Act, Federal Act No. 7-FZ of 10 January 2002 on the protection of the environment, the laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the entities of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of Federal Law dated 30.12.2008 N 303F) The claim for damages is presented by the operating organization to the public authorities, the relevant local authorities specially authorized by the State authorities in field of environmental protection. Article 60. Reparation for injury caused by radiation exposure to nuclear installations, radiation sources and storage sites due to the performance of their labor duties Injury caused by the life or health of workers (including those deployed) of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage facilities, as well as the life or health of workers employed in any other work with nuclear material or radioactive material in connection with their performance OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Chapter XIII. RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE VIOLATION OF LEGISLATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE FIELD OF USE ATOMIC ENERGY Article 61. The responsibility of officials of the organs of the state authority, local self-government bodies, the management of the use of the atomic energy, the state regulatory authorities security that exploit organizations, organizations that do work, and provide services for the organizations, organizations that are implementing class="ed">activity using radiation sources containing radionuclide sources of the fourth and fifth radiation hazard categories, employees of nuclear facilities, radiation sources, and storage sites, workers of organizations other activities in the field of atomic energy use, as well as citizens for violation of Russian legislation in of Atomic Energy Federal Law dated 30.11.2011. N 347-FZ) Violation by officials of state authorities, local government bodies, nuclear power management bodies, state security agencies, operating and providing services to the operating organizations, organizations carrying out activities involving radiation sources, containing radionuclide sources for the fourth and fifth categories of radiation hazards, by employees (including those deployed) of nuclear facilities, radiation sources and storage facilities, workers (including secondments) of organizations engaged in other activities in the field of atomic energy, and citizens of the Russian Federation's legislation in the field of the use of nuclear energy entails liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of federal laws of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; dated 30.11.2011. N 347-FZ Such violations include: violation of atomic energy rules and regulations; violation of the terms of permits (licenses) for the right to work in the area of use Atomic Energy; Failure or improper performance of State regulation; conduct of nuclear installations, radiation source and storage sites, as well as treatment nuclear materials and radioactive substances without a specified permitting; issuing the specified permit (licence) and regulations by officials of the state security regulation organs in violation of the established order; failure to comply with the requirements for the placement of nuclear weapons Installation, radiation source and storage point; supply, installation and commissioning of defective nuclear facilities, radiation source and storage facility; the radiation source and the storage facility without the construction and entry into force of the All of the facilities provided for in the project; receiving a nuclear installation, a radiation source and a storage facility, without implementing measures to protect the employees and the seconded personnel the use of atomic energy, the population of adjacent areas and the protection of the environment; abandonment of nuclear plant, radiation source and storage facility On duty shift workers; breach of duty by the persons referred to in the first paragraph of this article in critical situations resulting or likely to cause loss of human life, unjustified exposure or radioactive contamination of the environment; access to nuclear facilities, radiation source and storage facilities without appropriate qualifications, medical personnel Testimony to work at specified sites, as well as to persons 18 years; the direct or indirect coercion of employees by designated officials to violate the regulations and instructions for the operation of a nuclear plant, a radiation source and a storage facility; preventing the officials and employees of exploiting organizations from performing their duties; Evading officials and other workers from their duties according to the current employee protection plan the use of atomic energy and the population in the event of an accident; A official of employees of nuclear power facilities in radially hazardous areas, possibly exceeding the main dose limits and tolerable levels of radiative forcing without the consent of the employees concerned, and Without informing them about possible levels of exposure, as well as violating the rules, regulations and instructions provided for these conditions; obstruction of government officials ' compliance with state security regulation its functions; unreasonable or intentional release or discharge of radioactive substances into the atmosphere, the aquatic environment and the subsoil in quantities exceeding the permitted levels; concealment of the accident or violation of the established procedure for reporting a nuclear installation accident, Radiation source or storage point, concealment of information about the state of radiation contamination of the environment, as well as the issuance of deliberately false information about the state of radiation situation of the mentioned objects; information, deliberate distortion or concealment of information Safety in the use of atomic energy; violation of physical protection of nuclear facilities, radiation source, storage point, nuclear materials and radioactive substances; violation -established procedures for accounting and control of nuclear materials and radioactive substances; Theft, illegal use, acquisition, storage, transfer, sale or destruction of nuclear materials, radioactive substances and radiation Sources, concealment of known, imminent or committed specified actions; requirement or coercion to commit certain actions (omissions) involving the threat of the criminal use of nuclear materials or radioactive substances; Trafficking in the use and consumption of products contaminated by radioactive substances above the established regulations, or production and implementation without the authorization of the health authorities of the Russian Federation products containing radioactive substances; violation of established procedure for the export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, special non-nuclear materials and services in the field of atomic energy; Organization and conduct of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility for unauthorized public events; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ) organization and holding of meetings, other public events outside the territory of a nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility, if as a result of the organization and conduct of such events public events may result in a breach of the health of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility, or it will be difficult for workers to perform their duties, or Other threats to the safety of the population and the environment environment. The legislation of the Russian Federation may provide for other offences for which the responsibility of theis coming under this article; (In the wording of Federal Law dated 30.11.2011 N 347-FZ Violation of the order and conditions for the recognition of the organization to operate a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility, and to be carried out internally or with the involvement of others Activities relating to the siting, design, construction, operation and decommisation of a nuclear facility, a radiation source or a storage facility, as well as activities related to the handling of nuclear materials and radioactive substances. (The paragraph is supplemented by the Federal Law of 01.12.2007). N 318-FZ) Article 62. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 30.12.2001) N196-FZ) Chapter XIV. EXPORT AND IMPORT OF NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS, EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY, NUCLEAR MATERIALS, RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES, AD HOC NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND Article 63. Principles for the export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technology, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, special non-nuclear material and services nuclear energy Export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, including nuclear fuel, radioactive substances, special non-nuclear materials used for the production of nuclear materials, as well as radiation sources and services in the In accordance with the international obligations of the Russian Federation on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and the international treaties of the Russian Federation concerning the use of nuclear energy. Export and import include the transfer, sale or purchase of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, and special non-nuclear material for commercial purposes and their transfer to non-profit making (...) (...) Article 64. Export and import arrangements for nuclear installations, equipment, technology, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, special non-nuclear materials and services in nuclear energy Export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, special non-nuclear materials and services in the field of nuclear energy are carried out in the order, by the legislative and other legal acts of the Russian Federation. Output from the Russian Federation and the importation into the Russian Federation of fuel assemblies of nuclear reactors is carried out under the terms of civil law treaties. The procedure for carrying out the export from the Russian Federation and the import of fuel assemblies in the Russian Federation shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part of the addition is the Federal Law of 10.07.2001. N 94-FZ) Export and import of nuclear installations, equipment, technologies, nuclear materials, radioactive substances, special non-nuclear materials and services in the field of the use of nuclear energy shall be carried out in accordance with OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Importation of spent nuclear fuel from foreign countries to the territory of the Russian Federation for the purpose of implementing temporary technological storage and (or) its processing is in order, of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation. (In the wording of the Federal Law dated 10.07.2001 N 94-FZ) Importation into the Russian Federation of irradiated fuel assemblies of a nuclear reactor produced in the territory of a foreign state (irradiated fuel assemblies of foreign production), It is based on the positive conclusion of a special commission formed by the President of the Russian Federation. The commission includes the chairman of the commission and twenty members of the commission (five representatives of the President of the Russian Federation, the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and the State Duma of the Federal Assembly). THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Part of padded-Federal Law of 28 March 2002 N 33-FZThe procedure for submitting proposals for candidates to the Federation Council and the State Duma shall be determined by the respective Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. (Part of padded-Federal Law of 28 March 2002 N 33-FZ) The Special Commission submits annual reports to the President of the Russian Federation and Chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on the status of the import of irradiated fuel assemblies into the Russian Federation foreign production. (Part of padded-Federal Law of 28 March 2002 N 33-FZ) The special commission statute is approved by decree of the President of the Russian Federation. (Part of padded-Federal Law of 28 March 2002 N 33-FZ CHAPTER XV. of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 66. Notification of a nuclear installation accident, on radiation source or storage point Notification of a nuclear installation accident, radiation source or storage facility resulting in an emission or the discharge of radioactive substances into the environment which has led or may lead to the transboundary proliferation of radioactive substances, which in terms of safety may be relevant to the foreign state, is carried out in a special way authorized by the authorities in accordance with international obligations of the Russian Federation. Article 67. Assistance in case of a nuclear installation accident, on radiation source or storage point Provision of assistance in case of a nuclear accident, radiation source or storage point for information The minimum consequences of the accident and in order to protect the health of the population, the environment and the material values from the radiation effects are carried out in accordance with the international obligations of the Russian Federation. Article 68. Exchange of information with foreign States on the use of nuclear energy Exchange of information with foreign countries on the use of nuclear energy is carried out in accordance with international standards. of the Russian Federation CHAPTER XVI. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 69. The entry into force of this Federal Law is effective from the date of its official publication. Article 70. Harmonization of legal acts in conformity with this Federal Law Propose to the President of the Russian Federation and instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring it into conformity with this Federal Act. by the law. " The Government of the Russian Federation, within a period of three months, shall submit, in accordance with established procedure, to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation proposals to bring the legislative acts of the Russian Federation into conformity with A true federal law. President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 21 November 1995 N 170-FZ