On Basic Guarantees Of Electoral Rights Of Citizens Of The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: Об основных гарантиях избирательных прав граждан Российской Федерации

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102033334

Expired-the Federal law dated 19.09.97 g. N 124-FZ of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION federal law on basic guarantees of electoral rights of citizens of the Russian Federation (as amended by the Federal law of 26.11.96 N 139-FZ), passed by the State Duma October 26, 1994 year approved by the Federation Council November 16, 1994 year Democratic free elections to bodies of State power and the elected bodies of local self-government in the Russian Federation are Supreme immediate expression owned by people power. The State guarantees the free expression of the will of citizens in elections by protecting democratic principles and rules of suffrage.
This federal law defines the basic guarantees of the citizens of the Russian Federation of their constitutional right to elect and be elected to bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Scope of the present Federal Act this federal law establishes fundamental guarantees of the electoral rights of citizens of the Russian Federation at elections of the President of the Russian Federation, deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, other federal government bodies provided for in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and elected directly by the citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with federal laws for elections to bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as in local elections conducted in accordance with federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
In accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, laws and other regulatory legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on elections to the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as on elections to local self-government bodies shall not contradict this federal law.
Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish additional guarantees of the electoral rights of citizens.
The electoral rights of citizens of the Russian Federation and their guarantees, established by this federal law, as well as other federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation cannot be changed except through the adoption of the Federal law.
Article 2. Key terms used in the present Federal law in this federal law, the following terms are used: elections in the Russian Federation-election of the President of the Russian Federation, deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, other federal government bodies provided for in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and elected directly by the citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with federal laws, elections to bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as the election of elective bodies of local self-government; the actions of the citizens of the Russian Federation, electoral coalitions, election committees and public authorities on the compilation of voters ' lists, the nomination and registration of candidates, electoral campaigning, voting and wrapping up his totals and other election actions in accordance with federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
the electoral rights of citizens the constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation to elect and be elected to bodies of State power and local self-government elections;
guarantees of the electoral rights of citizens, legal, organizational, informational and other means of ensuring the realization of the electoral rights of citizens of the Russian Federation;
active suffrage of citizens the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to elect to organs of public authority and elected bodies of local self-government;
passive suffrage of citizens the right of citizens of the Russian Federation be elected to bodies of State power and local self-government elections;
voter-citizen of the Russian Federation, which has active suffrage;
Electoral Commission-the Commission organizing the holding of elections of the President of the Russian Federation, deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, other federal government bodies provided for in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and elected directly by the citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with federal laws, elections to bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in elective bodies of local self-government;
Ph.d.-candidate for the post of President of the Russian Federation, candidate in the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, candidate body of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, candidate for the post of head of the Executive Government authority (President) of the Russian Federation or in elected local government elected by citizens of the Russian Federation;
selective merge-public association Charter which provides for the participation in the elections by the nomination of candidates, which is created and registered in the order established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, no later than six months before election day;
Electoral bloc-the voluntary association of two or more public associations registered in the order established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, for joint participation in the elections. Electoral bloc of the electoral rights of the Association;
list of candidates-a single list of candidates nominated by the electoral (Electoral bloc) in elections to the legislative (representative) body of State authority or an elected local government body;
campaigning-activities of citizens of the Russian Federation, public associations on the production and dissemination of information, in order to encourage voters to vote for or against one or the other candidates (lists of candidates).
Article 3. Principles of participation of a citizen of the Russian Federation in elections for citizens of the Russian Federation participates in elections on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
Part of a citizen of the Russian Federation in elections is voluntary. No one has the right to have an impact on the citizen of the Russian Federation in order to force him to participate or not to participate in elections, as well as its free expression.
A citizen of the Russian Federation, residing abroad, has full voting rights. Diplomatic and consular establishments of the Russian Federation shall be obliged to assist the citizen of the Russian Federation in the implementation of electoral rights, stipulated by this federal law.
Article 4. Universal suffrage is a Russian citizen who has attained 18 years of age shall have the right to vote, and, upon reaching the age established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this federal law and other federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, to be elected to bodies of State power in the elected bodies of local self-government.
Can a citizen of the Russian Federation to elect and to be elected, irrespective of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, attitude to religion, convictions, membership of public associations.
Do not have the right to elect and be elected citizens declared by a court to be incompetent, or citizens held in places of deprivation of liberty by a court sentence.

Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish additional conditions for the acquisition of a citizen of the Russian Federation passive electoral right, related to them a certain age or with a period of residence in a particular area of the Russian Federation (the level of elections). Installs the minimum age a candidate may not exceed 21 years when elections to the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, 30 years in the election of the head of the Executive Government authority (President) of the Russian Federation and 21 years in the election of Heads of local self-government; terms of compulsory residence in the said territory may not exceed one year.
Restrictions associated with the status of Deputies, including the inability to be in public service, engage in other paid activity, shall be defined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 5. Equal suffrage of voters participate in elections in the Russian Federation on an equal footing.
Article 6. Direct suffrage the voter votes at the elections in the Russian Federation for or against candidates (list of candidates) directly.
Article 7. Secret ballot voting in elections is by secret ballot in the Russian Federation, i.e. excluding the possibility of any control over the will of the voter.
Chapter II. Guarantees of the electoral rights of citizens when drawing up voters ' lists, the formation of electoral districts and polling sites, article 8. Lists of voters on the electoral roll shall include all citizens of the Russian Federation, possessing the active right to vote on election day.
The list of electors of the polling station Election Commission compiled separately for each polling station on the basis of the information submitted in the prescribed form by the head of the local administration. Verification of registered voters is carried out by the head of the local administration as of 1 January and 1 July each year. This information shall be sent to the corresponding Election Commission immediately after the appointment of election day.
The reason for the inclusion of a citizen of the Russian Federation on the voters ' list on a particular polling station is its residence in the territory of this electoral district, as determined in accordance with the Federal law, which establishes the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence in the territory of the Russian Federation.
A citizen of the Russian Federation may be included in a list of voters at one polling station only.
The grounds and procedure for compiling lists of electors shall be established in the relevant federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
The poll is for public inspection, not later than 30 days before election day.
Every citizen of the Russian Federation, having voting right, the right to declare in a precinct Electoral Commission not to include him on the list of electors, as well as any error or inaccuracies in the voter list. During the local election Commission 12:00 am obliged to test an application and either correct the mistake or give the applicant a written response with the explanation of the rejection of the application. The decision of the local election Commission can be appealed to a higher Election Commission (level of elections) or to the Court, which must examine the complaint within three days, and on the day of elections, immediately.
Make changes to the voters lists after the start of the counting of the votes is prohibited.
Article 9. The formation of electoral districts to conduct the election constituencies are formed on the basis of data provided by the executive bodies of State power and bodies of local self-government. The boundaries of the electoral districts and the number of voters in each electoral district are determined by the corresponding Election Commission and approved by the relevant representative body not later than 60 days before election day.
The elections in the Russian Federation shall form electoral districts, subject to the following requirements: the approximate equality of electoral districts according to the number of voters with a permissible deviation from the average representation of voters not more than 10 per cent, and in inaccessible and remote areas-not more than 15 per cent; in the formation of constituencies on the territories of compact residence of the small-numbered indigenous peoples of the deviation from the average representation in accordance with the laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may exceed these limits, but not more than 30 per cent. This requirement does not apply to the election of the federal public authorities if federal laws establishes the mandatory education of at least one electoral district on the territory of each constituent entity of the Russian Federation;
constituency is a single territory: not allowed to create the electoral district of not bordering territories, except as established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Subject to these requirements education constituencies counted administrative divisions.
Article 10. Formation of polling stations for voting and counting votes polling stations are formed.
Polling stations formed the head of the local administration in consultation with the relevant election commissions, taking into account local and other conditions, in order to create maximum comfort for voters at the rate of not more than 3000 voters at every polling station and not later than 45 days before election day. Polling boundaries should not cross the boundaries of constituencies.
In hospitals, sanatoriums, holiday homes and other places of temporary residence of voters in remote and isolated areas, the vessels sail on election day, and polar stations polling stations may be formed in the same period and, in exceptional cases, no later than five days before election day; such polls are included in the electoral districts on their location or at the place of registration of the ship. Soldiers vote on the general polling stations. Polling stations in military units can form in the cases stipulated by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; must be accessible to the vote of all the members of the Electoral Commission, observers, candidates and their agents.
Polling lists showing their boundaries and addresses of precinct election commissions shall be published by the corresponding Election Commission in the local press not later than 40 days before election day.
Chapter III. Ensuring the electoral rights of citizens election commissions Article 11. Status of election commissions local election commissions in the Russian Federation shall ensure the realization and protection of the electoral rights of citizens.
Preparation and holding of elections in the Russian Federation shall carry out: the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation;
the Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation;
district election commissions;
territorial (regional, city and others). Within one administrative-territorial unit with lots of voters created several territorial election commissions;
precinct election commissions.
In order to ensure the constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation to elect and be elected to local self-government bodies federal law may be established rules governing the powers and procedure of activity of election commissions on elections of the representative bodies of local self-government and local self-government and officials operate in case the laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules. (As amended by the Federal law of 26.11.96 N 139-FZ)

Powers and procedure of the electoral commissions on the elections to bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and in elective bodies of local self-government are established by laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
In preparing and conducting the elections of the election commissions within its field of competence, independent of State bodies and bodies of local self-government.
Acts of election commissions adopted within the limits of their competence, established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, are binding on the executive bodies of State power, bodies of local self-government, public associations, enterprises, institutions, organizations and officials, as well as lower-level (the level of elections) election commissions.
The Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, the Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation subjects are legal entities. Other electoral commissions can be recognized as legal entities in accordance with the laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
State and local self-government bodies, voluntary associations, enterprises, institutions, organizations, media, and their officials are obliged to provide assistance to electoral commissions in the implementation of their mandates, in particular, to provide the necessary premises, transport, communications, technical equipment, information and material to respond to appeals of the election commissions within the term established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation as well as provide an opportunity for placing printed information of electoral commissions in the manner prescribed by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 12. The status and the formation of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation operates on a permanent basis.
The Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation administers the election commissions on elections of the President of the Russian Federation, deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, other federal government bodies provided for in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and elected directly by the citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with federal laws, as well as on referendums in the Russian Federation.
The term of the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation for four years.
The Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation consists of 15 members. Five members of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation shall be appointed by the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation from among candidates proposed by the parliamentary groups in the State Duma. Five members of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation shall be appointed by the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation from among candidates proposed by the legislative (representative) and executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Five members of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation shall be appointed by the President of the Russian Federation. Members of the Commission must have higher legal education or a degree in law. Members of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation shall elect from its members by secret ballot, a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman and a Secretary. Members of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation may be relieved from Office before the expiration of the term of Office by a decision of the authority, the body that appointed them, in the following cases: a written statement of the Member of the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation on the resignation of its powers;
the loss of a member of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation citizenship of the Russian Federation;
the entry into force of the court verdict against a member of the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation;
recognition of a member of the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation by a court decision that has entered into legal force, incapable, of limited dispositive capacity or is deceased;
the death of a member of the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation.
The Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, together with the electoral commissions of subjects of the Russian Federation: monitors the observance of the electoral rights of citizens;
organizes national voter registration system;
develops standards process equipment required for the work of electoral commissions and monitors their observance;
implementing measures for the Organization of a uniform system of summing up ballot and establish the results of the elections in the Russian Federation;
distributes funds from the federal budget allocated to financial support for the preparation and conduct of the elections, monitors their proper use;
provides technical, organizational and technical assistance to electoral commissions.
The Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation shall have the right to issue instructions on the application of this federal law, mandatory for all electoral commissions in the Russian Federation.
Article 13. Formation of election commissions procedure for forming election commissions on elections of the Federal State authorities, as well as for the elections to bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be determined respectively by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Formation of election commissions of subjects of the Russian Federation is carried out by the legislative (representative) and executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the basis of proposals by public associations of elected bodies of local self-government Assembly of voters, service, study and residence. At least half of the members of the Electoral Commission shall be appointed by the legislative (representative) body of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Formation of election commissions for election of elective bodies of local self-government is carried out on the basis of the proposals of the public association, Assembly of voters, service, education and residence in accordance with the laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the statutes (regulations) of the local self-government. In order to ensure the constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation to elect and be elected to local self-government bodies federal law may be established norms that regulate the formation of electoral commissions for election of representative bodies of local self-government and local self-government and officials operate in case the laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules. (As amended by the Federal law of 26.11.96 N 139-FZ) in the composition of the election commissions may not be candidates, their proxies, spouses and close relatives of candidates or persons who are directly subordinate to them.
After registration of the candidate electoral Association nominated candidate (list of candidates), or the candidate himself is entitled to appoint to the Electoral Commission, zaregistrirovavšuû candidate, and in the subordinate electoral commissions of one member with the right of deliberative vote. Members of the Electoral Commission with the right of deliberative vote have the right of access to all materials and documents the corresponding Election Commission must be notified of all meetings of the Electoral Commission, have the right to speak at its meetings.
Powers of the members of the Electoral Commission with advisory voice in cases where candidates or electoral associations, their nominated were elected, continuing until the end of the registration of candidates at the next election in the same body or on the same post; the powers of the remaining members of the Election Commission with advisory voice stopped through 30 days after the publication of full election results.
Article 14. Transparency in activities of election commissions Activities of election commissions is carried out in a transparent manner.

At the meetings of the corresponding Election Commission has the right to present candidates and their proxies, representatives of electoral associations and the media.
Decisions of election commissions shall be published in the press and passed to other media within the deadlines established by the relevant federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
On election day, since the beginning of the work of the local election Commission and before the signing of the Protocol by its members on the outcome of the vote, have the right to be present at the polling stations the observers, to public and electoral associations, candidates, as well as foreign (International) observers. Foreign (International) observers carry out their activities in accordance with federal laws.
Article 15. Organization of the activity of election commissions Activities of election commissions is carried out on the basis of collegiality.
The Electoral Commission meeting has a quorum if it was attended by most of the prescribed number of members of the Election Commission with the power to vote.
Decisions of election commissions on registration of candidates (lists of candidates), de-registration of candidates, on the outcome of the vote or on the results of the election, to declare the election invalid or void are taken at meetings of election commissions by the majority votes of the established number of members of the Election Commission with the power to vote. Decisions of election commissions on other issues shall be taken by a simple majority of votes from the number of members of the Election Commission with the power to vote.
The Election Commission signed by the Chairman and the Secretary of the Election Commission.
Members of the Electoral Commission, who disagree with the decision taken by the Commission, may, in writing, to express a dissenting opinion, which should be brought to the attention of the Chairman of the Commission of the higher Election Commission not later than in three days time.
The Election Commission's decision, which is contrary to federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation or the decision by the Electoral Commission with regard to the exceedance of established powers reversible higher Election Commission (level of elections) or a court.
Article 16. Appeal of violation of citizens ' rights in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, decisions and actions (or inaction) of State authorities, local government bodies, public associations and officials infringing citizens ' electoral rights may be appealed in court. The Court's decision on the merits of the complaint, the Declaration is final.
The decisions and actions (or inaction) of electoral commissions and their officials that violate the electoral rights of the citizens, can be appealed to a higher Election Commission (level of elections) or in court. Prior recourse to the superior electoral commissions is not a prerequisite for recourse to the Court. Decisions on complaints received during the election, accepted within five days and election day-immediately. If the facts contained in the complaints require additional validation, they are accepted not later than within ten days. While a higher Election Commission has the right to take an independent decision on the merits of the complaint.
Chapter IV. Nomination and registration of candidates Article 17. The right of nomination of candidates the right to nominate candidates (lists) belongs to the electoral associations and directly to voters, including at their place of work, services, education and residence.
Article 18. Nomination of candidates the electoral coalitions of candidates (candidates) may nominate electoral associations.
The decision on nomination of candidates (lists of candidates) of electoral associations accepted the level elections at the congresses (conferences) Federal, regional electoral associations meetings local branches of these electoral associations.
Election blocks must be registered with the corresponding Election Commission after they submit to the Commission a joint list of candidates.
Nomination of candidates (lists of candidates) from the electoral bloc shall be carried out on the Assembly (Conference) of representatives of public associations, members of the electoral bloc. Included in the electoral bloc social associations may not at the same election or participate in other electoral blocs or to act as independent electoral associations.
The decision on nomination of the candidate (list of candidates) of electoral associations and blocs are taken by secret ballot.
In support of the candidates (lists of candidates), nominated by the electoral associations and blocs, gather signatures of voters in the manner and amount determined by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The maximum number of signatures required for the registration of candidates (lists of candidates), may not exceed two per cent of the electorate, set when compiling the voters ' list in accordance with this federal law.
Article 19. Nomination of candidates directly to voters, the nomination directly to the voters is carried out through collection of signatures under his statement on nomination of the candidate. The collection of signatures is conducted at the place of work (including in the workplace), service, study and residence. Administration and labour organizations of the enterprises of all patterns of ownership, institutions and organizations are obliged to assist in the establishment of equal conditions for nomination of candidates. The number of signatures and the manner in which they collect are established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The maximum number of signatures required for the registration of candidates, may not exceed two per cent of the electorate of the relevant constituency.
Signatures can be collected only among voters, having the active voting right, in the electoral district in which the nomination of candidates. The nomination period shall not be less than 45 days in the election of the President of the Russian Federation, deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, other federal government bodies, the election of which provides for the Constitution of the Russian Federation, and not less than 30 days-for elections to bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and in elective bodies of local self-government.
The initiative collecting signatures under a statement of the candidate about his proposing can come from any voter (voter). On its own initiative, it (they) shall notify the Election Commission to register the candidate.
Article 20. The registration of candidates (lists of candidates) Candidates (candidates) are registered by the corresponding Election Commission on election reporting and voter associations, nominated candidates, in the presence of candidates of their agreement to run in this constituency. In the documents provided indicate the candidate's affiliation to any electoral Association. If the candidate does not belong to any electoral Association, he participates in the elections as an independent candidate. Write about a candidate to any electoral Association or on its independent status is recorded on the ballot paper. At the same time to the corresponding Election Commission appears to be not less than the assigned amount of voters ' signatures in support of the candidate (list of candidates).
If within the prescribed time limits will not be in the constituency registered neither candidate or the number of registered candidates will prove to be less than or equal to the number of mandates, the elections in this constituency to address the corresponding Election Commission postponed for further nomination and subsequent election action.
In case of refusal to register a candidate (list of candidates), the corresponding Election Commission is obliged to issue to the applicant or his authorized representative or the authorized representative of the Electoral Commission a copy of the decision of the Association outlining the grounds for refusal. The motive for refusal can only be failing to comply with federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the elections in the Russian Federation.
Candidate may at any time before election day to withdraw his candidature.
Chapter v. Status candidates

Article 21. Equality of candidates, all candidates have equal rights and bear equal responsibilities.
Article 22. Guarantees of the activities of the candidates after the registration of candidates, public or community service, as well as working in the media, at the time of their participation in the elections shall be exempt from duty and is not entitled to take advantage of his official position.
Candidates after registration on their personal statements are exempt from work, military service, military and student fees at the time of participation in the elections. During this period, the corresponding Election Commission at the expense of funds allocated for the training and the holding of elections, pays them compensation. Types, amounts and manner of payment shall be established by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
During the elections, candidates may not be on the initiative of the Administration (employer) dismissed or transferred without their consent.
The candidate's election is counted in the total period of employment in the occupation for which he worked prior to the registration of the candidate.
Candidate after registration can not be held without the consent of the Prosecutor (the level of election) criminally liable, arrested or subjected to measures of administrative punishment imposed by a court. If you consent, the Prosecutor shall notify the Election Commission candidate registration team.
Chapter VI. The pre-election campaign Article 23. The right to canvass the State provides citizens of the Russian Federation, public associations freely canvassing in accordance with federal laws.
Citizens of the Russian Federation, public associations shall have the right in law permitted forms and legal methods to campaign for or against any candidate, the electoral Union.
Candidates and electoral associations shall be guaranteed equal access to the media.
Campaigning can be done through the media, through the conduct of electoral events, including meetings and meetings with voters, public pre-election debates and discussions, meetings, demonstrations, processions, production and distribution of printed campaign materials. Candidate suffrage association have the right to determine the form and nature of the pre-election campaign through the mass media. In the pre-election campaign cannot participate members of electoral commissions, State bodies, local self-government bodies, officials of the State bodies and local self-government bodies.
Officials of the State bodies and local self-government bodies, candidates may participate in the conduct of the pre-election campaign on an equal footing with other candidates.
Journalists, media officers, officials and employees of State radio and television companies creative may not participate in covering the election campaign through the mass media, if such persons are candidates or candidates ' proxies.
Article 24. Conditions of pre-election campaign through the mass media, electoral Candidate have the right to free association giving them broadcasting time on State and municipal channels tv and radio companies engaged in television and radio broadcasting on the territory of the constituency, on an equal footing.
Candidate suffrage association have a right under a contract with State tv contract get airtime for a fee in excess of airtime provided free of charge. Payment terms in relation to the candidates and electoral associations must be equal.
Instructions on the procedure for granting air time to candidates, electoral associations on public channels tv and radio companies are issued by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation with the participation of State bodies, to ensure that the constitutional rights and freedoms in the field of media.
The media, the founders (co-founders) which are State or municipal authorities, organizations, institutions or which are financed wholly or partly from the corresponding budget (federal budget, the subject of the Russian Federation, local budgets), or local authorities, are obliged to ensure equal opportunity to present electoral programs of candidates and electoral associations representing a variety of political views.
All propaganda printed materials should contain information about the organizations and persons responsible for their release. Distribute anonymous propaganda materials is prohibited.
Officials of the State bodies and local self-government bodies are obliged to provide electoral commissions in their use of facilities located in State or municipal ownership to meet candidates and their proxies with voters. The Electoral Commission must ensure equal opportunity for all candidates campaigning.
Article 25. Inadmissibility of abuses of the right to conduct electioneering in conducting election propaganda not allowed abuse of the freedom of mass media, propaganda arousing social, racial, national or religious hatred and enmity, calls for the seizure of power, violent change of the constitutional order and violate the integrity of the State, propaganda for war.
In the case of violations of election commissions may apply to the Court with proposal for rescission of the decision to register a candidate (list of candidates). The proposal is considered by the Court in three days.
Electoral commissions control the observance of the established procedure for the conduct of the pre-election campaign.
Article 26. The timing of the election campaign the pre-election campaign begins from the date of registration of candidates and ends one day before election day.
Printed campaign materials previously posted outside the buildings and premises of electoral commissions, can be stored on the same ground.
During the three days before election day, including the day of voting, publication of the results of public opinion polls, predictions of election results and other studies related to the election, is not allowed.
Chapter VII. Article 27 financing of elections. Financial support for the preparation and conduct of the Election Expenses of election commissions on preparing and holding the elections in the Russian Federation at the appropriate level shall be made at the expense of funds allocated from the corresponding budget (federal budget, the subject of the Russian Federation, local budgets).
The cost of the Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation relating to the implementation of its mandate, provides a separate line item in the federal budget. The report of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation on spending appear to be wards of the Federal Assembly of Russian Federation.
Article 28. Election funds and the procedure for their establishment Candidates create their own election funds to finance the election campaign. In the elections to bodies of State power and local self-government elections electoral associations may also establish election funds.
Election funds can be created through the following funds: the funds allocated to the electoral Association or to a candidate in equal amounts to the campaign by the corresponding Election Commission;
the own funds of the electoral Association or candidate, except where these are foreign sources;
the funds allocated to the applicant designating electoral Association;
donations of natural and legal persons.
For the purposes of electoral propaganda you can only use the funds transferred into the electoral funds.
Not allowed donations from foreign States, organizations and citizens, the Russian legal entities with foreign participation, if the share of foreign capital exceeds 30 percent, international organizations, as well as the State organizations and institutions, local governments and religious groups.
Order of taxation of donations received in the election funds is established by federal law.
Federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation establishes the limits listed in the election funds own funds of candidates or electoral associations, as well as funds allocated to the applicant designating electoral Association and voluntary donations of natural and legal persons.

The corresponding Election Commission before election day is obliged to periodically publish information on the size and sources of the creation of electoral funds based on the information submitted by the candidate or the electoral Union. Candidate suffrage association not later than 30 days after the election must submit the corresponding Election Commission a report on the size and all sources create their own election funds, as well as any incurred costs and the Electoral Commission is obliged to publish this report not later than 45 days after its submission to the Electoral Commission.
Article 29. Order spending electoral funds all moneys that create the election fund, listed in a special account in the Bank or lending institution that opens the candidate or electoral Union with the permission of the corresponding Election Commission after registration of the candidate (list of candidates). The procedure for opening and maintaining the accounts, accounting and reporting by means of election funds shall be established by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation by agreement with the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
The right to dispose of the means of election funds belongs to the person who created their candidates or electoral associations.
Balances on accounts of candidates and electoral associations after the elections listed proportional to invested funds on current (estimated) accounts of organizations and individuals who list and donations.
Chapter VIII. Order of voting, counting of votes, the establishment of the election results and their publication Article 30. Order of voting voting in elections in the Russian Federation shall be carried out in one weekend. Exceptions in setting voting day could be envisaged by federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
About the time and place of voting precinct election commissions are required to notify the voter no later than 20 days before the day of the vote through media.
Voter who for 15 days before election day inclusively, for one reason or another, will be absent at the place of their residence and could not come to the polling station, where it is included in the list of voters should be given the opportunity to vote early, by filling out a ballot at the premises of the district or precinct Election Commission. The Electoral Commission is obliged to ensure the secrecy of the ballot, preclude distortion of the will of the voters, to ensure the safety of the ballot and the voter votes account when establishing the outcome of the vote.
Voting is done by applying a voter on the ballot of any character in the square (squares) corresponds to the candidate (candidates) or slate, in favour of which selection is made, either to the position "against all candidates (lists of candidates).
Each elector votes personally, voting for other persons is not allowed. Ballots issued to voters included in voters ' list upon presentation of passport or another document proving their identity. The local election Commission must ensure all voters to participate in the vote, including those whose state of health or for other valid reasons may not arrive in the premises for voting. For this purpose at the polling station Election Commission should be sufficient portable election boxes, which is determined by the decision of the District Election Commission. Statement on granting an opportunity to vote outside the premises for voting must be confirmed by the voter in writing thereto upon arrival of the members of the local election Commission. Members of the local election Commission, travelling on the applications received under the painting of ballots with the number of applications. Number of applications used and voters returned ballots indicated in a separate Act. Data about voters who voted outside the premises for voting, additionally entered into the list. When voting outside the premise for voting observers may participate. Voting outside the premise for voting should exclude the possibility of violation of citizen's electoral rights, as well as the distortion of the will of the voter.
Ballots are filled in by the voter in specially equipped booth or room, in which the presence of other persons is not allowed. A voter who does not have the opportunity to fill in a ballot paper shall have the right to use the assistance of another person who is not a member of the local election Commission or the observer. Ballot paper must contain print of the local election Commission or the signatures of at least two of its members. Getting the ballot voter certifies with his/her signature in the list of voters.
The completed ballot papers omitted voters in ballot boxes, which must be in sight of the local election Commission members and observers.
Member of the local election Commission immediately suspended from participating in its work as an observer is removed from the premises for voting if they violate the secrecy of the ballot, or attempt to affect the expression of the will of the voter. This decision was adopted by the local election Commission.
Article 31. Counting of votes precinct election commissions Count the vote is exercised by the members of the polling station Election Commission with the power to vote on the basis of voters ballots. When counting the votes, the District Election Commission recognizes invalid ballots, on which voters cannot be established, as well as ballot papers unknown forms. Members of the local election Commission count and are listed in the protocols on the outcome of the vote, the following data: number of registered voters and the number of voters, further listed;
the number of ballots received the precinct Election Commission;
the number of ballots issued to voters at a polling station on polling day;
the number of cancelled ballots;
the number of ballots cast by voters voted early;
the number of ballots cast by voters, voters at home;
the number of ballots contained in the electoral boxes;
number of valid ballots;
number of invalid ballot papers;
the number of votes cast for each of the positions contained in all ballot papers, including "against all candidates (lists of candidates).
When adopting a decision declaring the ballot invalid, the District Election Commission indicates its reverse side causes its invalidity. This entry is confirmed by the signatures of at least three members of the local election Commission. Ballots unidentified forms when determining the number of voters who participated in voting, the counting of the excluded.
In order to avoid the possibility of rigged voting, counting of votes begins immediately after the end of voting time and carried out without interruption until establishment of the results of the voting, which must be notified to all members of the polling station Commission, as well as observers representing candidates, electoral associations and foreign (International) observers.
After counting the votes, the District Election Commission fills in duplicate Protocol on the outcome of the vote. When signing the Protocol on the outcome of the vote, members of the local election Commission, who disagree with its contents, shall be entitled to draw up a separate opinion attached to the Protocol, as an appropriate entry is made in the Protocol.
On the request of any member or observer of the local election Commission, the District Election Commission shall provide them a certified copy of the Protocol on the outcome of the vote.
One copy of the local election Commission on the outcome of the vote after its signing by all present members of the polling station Election Commission with the power to vote immediately routed to a higher Election Commission.
Article 32. Establishment of election results

Based on genuine protocols of precinct, territorial (district, municipal) election commissions by adding the data contained therein, the District Election Commission in accordance with the federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation establishes election results by constituency. Members of the District Election Commission with the power to vote establish election results personally. On the results of the election in the electoral district shall be drawn up, signed by all present members of the District Election Commission with the power to vote.
The District Election Commission recognized the elections invalid if mistakes when voting or determining the outcome of the vote does not allow violations with certainty the results of expression of the will of the electors.
On the request of any member or observer of the District Election Commission District Election Commission gives them the opportunity to become acquainted with the Protocol on the results of the elections and remove the copy in the premises of the District Election Commission. A copy certified by the District Election Commission.
The establishment of the results of the voting and election results in electoral commissions at all levels is carried out in the presence of observers representing candidates and electoral associations, as well as foreign (International) observers.
When signing the Protocol on the results of the elections of the District Election Commission members disagreeing with the content of the Protocol shall be entitled to draw up a separate opinion attached to the Protocol, as an appropriate entry is made in the Protocol.
All documentation of the electoral commissions at all levels, including the ballot papers shall be stored within the time frames stipulated in federal laws, laws and other normative legal acts of the legislative (representative) bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. When the installed retention ballots may not be less than one year, and protocols of election commissions is less than one year from the date of the announcement of the date of the next election.
Article 33. Publication of the results of the voting and election results the results of the voting in each polling station, the election results by electoral district in the amount of data contained in the Protocol of the corresponding Election Commission and directly subordinate electoral commissions should be made available to any elector, candidate, observer and representative of the media.
The district election commissions, registration of candidates (lists of candidates), sent General information on the results of the election in the electoral district in the media during the three days after the election.
Election commissions of all levels, in addition to the precinct, publish complete data contained in the records of the Electoral Commission, at the appropriate level of election results and protocols directly subordinate electoral commissions on the results of voting on the basis of which summed up the results of the elections in the respective electoral commissions. The publication must be made within one month after the election.
Chapter IX. Liability for violation of the electoral rights of citizens Article 34. Responsibility for violation of citizens ' voting rights a person, by violence, deception, threats, fraud or otherwise impeding the free exercise of a citizen of the Russian Federation the right to elect and to be elected, or persons disseminating false information about candidates or commit other actions discrediting the honor and dignity of the candidates, as well as those conducting the agitation in the day before election day and on election day, or impeding the work of electoral commissions or to vote at the polling station shall bear responsibility in accordance with the federal laws.
Chapter x. final provisions Article 35. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
Article 36. On the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation, the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation is formed no later than three months from the date of entry into force of this federal law.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin December 6, 1994 N 56-FZ