On Conscription And Military Service

Original Language Title: О воинской обязанности и военной службе

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102021545

Expired-the Federal law dated 28.03.98 g. N 53-FZ z and c o n Russian Federation on conscription and military service (as amended by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288; federal laws from 03.12.94 N 55-FZ;
from 29.04.95 N 69-FZ; from 09.05.96 N 42-FZ) section I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Conscription 1. A citizen of the Russian Federation in accordance with the law is obliged to defend the Fatherland, the Russian Federation.
2. the conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation establishes: military account;
preparations for military service;
recruitment;
military service;
stay in the reserve (reserve);
military training in wartime.
A citizen of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as citizen) may, in accordance with the law rather than military service to perform alternative service.
3. citizens are exempt from military service: males younger than 16 years of age and over 60 years of age;
females younger than 18 years of age and over 50 years of age;
not suitable for military service for health reasons.
4. The performance of military duty citizens is ensured by the bodies of State power and administration and local councils of people's deputies, local administrations, officials of enterprises, institutions, organizations, within the limits of their powers stipulated by legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation on military conscription and military service 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on military conscription and military service is based on the Constitution (fundamental law) of the Russian Federation includes the Russian Federation law "on defence", this law and other laws of the Russian Federation and other legal acts of the bodies of State power and administration and local councils of people's deputies, local administration, accepted within the limits of their powers.
2. Government authority of the Russian Federation, which under this Act delegated to separate powers, does not have the right to delegate this responsibility to another body or part thereof.
Article 3. Responsibilities of the local administration and its bodies, the courts, officials of enterprises, institutions and organizations relating to the performance of military duty citizens 1. The local administration, officials of enterprises, institutions and organizations are obliged to notify citizens about calls: military commissariat;
provide citizens with the opportunity of timely appearance on the challenges of military commissariat;
Send on request of the military Commissar of the necessary documents for the military account of information about citizens, entering the military account and in the military.
Heads of enterprises, institutions and organizations engaged in the exploitation of residential houses, as well as homeowners are obliged to inform within one month the bodies implementing the military account, information about changes in the composition of citizens residing or obliged to be on the military account.
2. The internal affairs authorities, within their competence, are obliged to: sent within seven days upon request of the military Commissioner of the district or city (without the district Division) required for inclusion in the documents of the military account information on citizens, the military registered;
produce and if there are legitimate grounds for detention of citizens fleeing from military service, conscription or military training, military service, military taxes, alternative service;
report within seven days to the appropriate military commissariats of cases to identify citizens, obliged to be, but not in the military.
3. Civil Registration Authorities are required to report within seven days to the appropriate military commissariats amending the civil registry of citizens or obliged to be on the military account.
4. the organs of initial inquiry or pre-trial investigation authorities are obliged, within seven days, inform the relevant military commissariats of instituting criminal proceedings against citizens or obliged to be on the military account.
5. Courts must, within seven days, inform the relevant military commissariats: instituting criminal proceedings against citizens or obliged to be registered on the military;
entered into force of convictions against nationals or obliged to be on the military account.
6. Medical-labour expert of the Commission are under an obligation to report within seven days to the appropriate military commissariats of the recognition of citizens or persons obliged to be military, disabled.
Article 4. Providing activities related to the performance of military duty non-citizens soldiers

1. The organs of State power and administration and local councils of people's deputies and local administration for medical examinations and inspections of citizens entering the military registration, military service recruits for military training, as well as for conscription of citizens for military service and military training are obliged to provide necessary equipment and territories and facilities, provide the necessary medicines, medical equipment, tools, commercial property, transport, attract the necessary medical specialists , paramedics and technicians.
2. a person who is involved in the enforcement of citizens of conscription, during participation in those activities is paid his average earnings are reimbursed travelling expenses, if participation in those activities is due to a permanent place of residence, in accordance with the procedure set out by the Government of the Russian Federation, financed by the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
3. Compensation for losses incurred by an enterprise, institution, organization and citizen in connection with the execution of this Act, shall be as prescribed by the Russian Government.
Article 5. Maintenance of a non-citizen soldiers associated with the performance of military obligations 1. Citizen at the time of the medical examination, examination or treatment associated with the military in mind, mandatory training for military service and recruitment, as well as the time to perform other duties related to the military view, mandatory training for military service and recruitment shall be exempted from work (study) with saving him the place of work (study) and payment of the average wage (scholarships) at the place of work (study) but not more than 10 established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the minimum wage, travel expenses for transit time at the expense of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
Citizen at the time of military charges is exempted from work (study) with saving him the place of work (study), he is paid the salary for military posts, military rank, travel expenses for transit time at the expense of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
2. a citizen called to military service or military training, is provided in the journey to the place of service and back to the standards laid down for soldiers performing military service conscripts or appropriate monetary compensation at the expense of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
3. Non-Citizen soldiers in the performance of military duty may establish additional benefits.
Article 6. Responsibility of a citizen who is not a soldier and officer for violation of legislation of the Russian Federation on military obligations 1. Citizen, not as a on-call military commissariat within the specified period without reasonable excuse is considered an aberrant from performance of military duty and subject to administrative liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. a citizen, not as a military Commissioner to call for military service or military training within the specified period without reasonable excuse or receives through deception illegal release or determent for military service, shall be criminally responsible for evasion of military service in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Good cause for failure to appear on a summons or subpoena military commissariat military Commissioner provided documentary confirmation of the reasons for the failure to appear is: disease or injury of the citizen related to disability;
the dire state of health or death (decease) of a close relative of a citizen (father, mother, wife, husband, son, daughter, brother or mother sister) or persons whose upbringing was a citizen;
obstacle natural nature or otherwise, is not dependent on the will of the citizen fact denied him the opportunity to appear in the specified in the call to the military commissariat or agenda of the military Commissar of space and time;
other circumstance, the Court recognized a valid cause.
4. Specialist physician involved in medical examinations, examination, inspection of the citizen in connection with the military in mind, training and recruitment, a member of the drafting Commission, an official of the enterprise, institution or organization, facilitate the evasion of a citizen from the performance of military duty, as well as impeding the execution of a citizen of conscription or does not perform the duties prescribed by this law, are brought to responsibility provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
SECTION II MILITARY ACCOUNT Article 7. Organization of military registration 1. Citizens must be on the military account, except: liberated by this Act of conscription;
with no military specialty account female citizens;
performing military service;

serving in the Ministry of Internal Affairs;
serving the penalty of deprivation of liberty;
have reached the age limit of stay in stock;
departing for permanent residence abroad.
2. Military account of citizens carried out by military commissariats at their place of residence.
In settlements where no military commissariats, the primary military account carries out local administration.
Military registration of citizens with military ranks of officers who left the federal public security and border forces, the federal public security organs in a manner similar to the established by the present law.
3. the documents must contain military account of the citizen the following information: on the permanent place of residence;
marital status;
of fitness for military service for health reasons;
on the basic anthropometric data;
on military or alternative service;
on the passage of military duties;
on education;
on ownership of military-and civilian accounts specialties;
on the availability of the first level sports or sports titles;
instituting (termination) with regard to its criminal case;
on the presence/absence of criminal record;
about booking (PIN) it for the enterprise, institution, Organization for the period of mobilization and wartime.
Military registration documents must not contain information about ethnicity, religion, political opinion and membership of political parties, other public associations and movements, as well as other information that may lead to discrimination the citizen, except if the citizen himself insisted on the inclusion of such information in the documents of the military account.
4. the procedure for military service of citizens is determined by this law and the regulations on military account, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
5. Local Administration, officials of enterprises, institutions and organizations shall serve as the Organization and the conduct of military registration of citizens in accordance with the regulations on military account.
Article 8. The original staging of citizens on military account 1. The original staging of the male citizens to military registration is carried out by the district or city (in no district Division) by the Commission for citizens on military account in the period 1 January to 31 March in the year achieving citizen 17 years of age.
The original staging of female citizens on military account is administered by the district or municipal (city without dividing district) military commissariat after their acquisition of military specialty account.
2. the Commission on the formulation of the citizens on military account shall be approved by a decision of the head of local administration in the following composition: the military Commissar of the district or city (without the district Division) or his Deputy-Chairman of the Commission;
the Secretary of the Commission;
doctors conducting medical examination of citizens in connection with their staging on the military account.
3. the Commission on the formulation of the citizens on military account is obliged to: arrange a medical examination of the citizen and to determine its suitability for military service;
decide on the formulation of a national military registration or release him from military duty in connection with unsuitable for military service for health reasons;
conduct vocational and psychological examination of the citizen to determine the potential for its use in military service.
4. the Chairman or Secretary of the Commission to put citizens on military account are required to declare the citizen Commission's decision and to clarify its responsibilities for military account.
5. the initial statement on military account of persons acquired citizenship of the Russian Federation, in the following order: males ranging in age from 17 to 27 years old-in the manner prescribed in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1 of this article;
other-military Commissioner of the district or city (without the district Division).
Article 9. Duties of the citizen on military account 1. Citizen shall present himself when summoned by the district or city military commissariat (without the district Division), on whose territory he permanently or temporarily (for a period longer than three months) live on military account.
Citizen, dismissed from the military service in the armed forces of the Russian Federation or from the internal affairs agencies with enrollment in the reserve of the armed forces of the Russian Federation is obliged within two weeks from the date of receipt of documents on enrolling him in reserve to come to the military commissariat district or city (without the district Division) at the place of residence of a citizen on the issue on the military account.
In the case of moving a citizen specified in paragraph two of this part, to a new residence, he must within two weeks from the date of arrival at the new place of residence be in district or city military commissariat (without the district Division) at the new place of residence on the issue on the military account.
2. Citizen, consisting on the military account, must within two weeks to inform the appropriate authority responsible for the military account, about changing his marital status, residence within the district or city (without the district Division), education, place of work and position.

3. Citizen, consisting on the military account, when moving to another district (the town of) the permanent place of residence (at departure abroad for more than 6 months) is obliged to withdraw from the military account and upon arrival at the new place of residence (return from abroad) within two weeks to embark on military account.
SECTION III the PREPARATION of national MILITARY SERVICE, article 10. Preparation of national military service 1. Mandatory training of the citizen to military service involves: obtaining the necessary knowledge in the field of defence;
medical examinations and examinations and, if necessary, with the consent of the citizen-therapeutic activities.
Mandatory training of the citizen to military service can be carried out in the course of military duties.
2. voluntary citizen preparation for military service stipulates: lessons of military and sports applications;
Mastering the military accounting professions;
military training in educational institutions of secondary (full) general education and the educational institutions of primary and secondary professional education;
training in educational institutions (complete) secondary general education with additional educational program aimed at military training minors;
education of students (cadets) of reserve officers training programme for the military departments at State educational institutions of higher professional education.
3. preparation of citizens for military service is carried out in accordance with the law, in the manner prescribed by the Russian Government.
Article 11. Obtaining the necessary knowledge in the field of defence, State educational standards of General and vocational education include getting students (pupils) required knowledge of Defense States military obligation of citizens, as well as the acquisition of skills in the civil defense.
Article 12. Medical examinations and examination, conducting therapeutic activities 1. Citizen when the original statement on the military account is subject to medical examination by doctors-specialists: surgeon, general practitioner, neurologist, ophthalmologist, an ENT specialist, dentist and, if necessary, a psychiatrist, physicians of other specialties.
In case of impossibility to get a medical opinion on the validity of citizen to military service for citizens Commission on military account can send it on an outpatient or inpatient medical examination in medical institution located within a Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, in whose territory (which) the citizen lives.
2. Financing of medical examination of citizens associated with the performance of military duty, shall be as prescribed by the Russian Government.
Article 13. The military lessons applied sports citizen who in the prescribed manner is assigned the first sports category or sports title on military applied sport, enjoys the right of external revenue in the military school and the right to choose the kind of troops in accordance with his sports training when call-ups.
Article 14. Mastering the military accounting professions 1. Citizen, one who has mastered medical or complex technical military accounting specialty, when call-ups may choose branch (service) according to the specialty.
2. list of accounts-military specialties, including complex technical, is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation and includes specialty possession allows citizens to replace military posts in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops *, foreign intelligence bodies, the federal organs of State security. _ * in this law under other forces refers to troops that are listed in the Russian Federation Law "on defence": border guards, Interior troops, troops of the Ministry of security of the Russian Federation, Government communications troops, provide liaison with military authorities, railway troops of the Russian Federation, the civil defence forces.
Article 15. Military training in educational institutions of secondary (full) general education and the educational institutions of primary and secondary professional education training in educational establishments (complete) secondary general education and the educational institutions of primary and secondary professional education is carried out in accordance with the Education Act of the Russian Federation.
Article 16. Training in educational institutions (complete) secondary general education with additional educational program aimed at military training minors

1. With a view to full education and training for military service for male minors, the Government of the Russian Federation creates in the systems of Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Federal border service of the Russian Federation and the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation educational institutions of secondary (full) general education with additional educational programmes with the aim of military training of juvenile male citizens-Cadet (Suvorov), Sea Cadet (nahimovskie) and musical Cadet Corps (hereinafter referred to as the Cadet Corps). (As amended by the Federal law of 09.05.96 N 42-FZ) Juvenile male citizen-an orphan or without parental support coming in the specified educational institution have been without examinations by results of interview and a medical examination.
2. the Cadet chassis is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. a citizen successfully completed training at the Cadet Corps, enjoys the right of admission to the military school without examinations.
Article 17. Education of citizens on reserve officers training programmes for the military departments at State educational institutions of higher professional education 1. Citizen studying full-time State educational institution of higher professional education, suitable for military service for health reasons and the qualified right to conclude an agreement on military training of reserve officers training programme on the military Chair at that educational institution, provided that at the end of the specified educational institution citizen reaches the age of 27. (As amended by the Federal law of 29.04.95 N 69-FZ) Student (kursantu), passing the training of reserve officers training programme, supplementary grant is paid at the expense of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation at a level to be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
2. Training of citizens for reserve officers training programmes for the military departments at State educational institutions of higher vocational education is organized in the manner prescribed by the Russian Government.
Reserve officers training program may include military training female citizens.
3. State educational institution of higher professional education provides military Department the necessary premises, as well as with the assistance of and at the expense of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation creates the necessary educational and material base.
Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation with the consent of the State educational institution of higher professional education teaching staff carries out selection of military Department.
4. Training (internship) in the programme of training of reserve officers, are considered military charges.
5. The order of assignment of officer military rank of citizen, successfully has completed the training of reserve officers training programme for the military Department of the State educational institution of higher professional education, is governed by the regulations on the procedure for military service. (Para supplemented by federal law from 29.04.95 N 69-FZ), Article 18. Participation of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation in preparing citizens for military service, the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation: develops lists of military occupations and military accounts-applied kinds of sports;
develops together with the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation citizens health requirements for entering military service and military service;
participates in the development of State education standards, programmes and methods of preparation of citizens for military service;
involved in the creation, funding and logistical equipping educational institutions of secondary (full) general education with additional educational programmes aiming at military training minors in the Ministry of education of the Russian Federation, military departments at State educational institutions of higher professional education, as well as institutions, organizations that provide training of citizens for military service on a contractual basis.
SECTION IV of the CONSCRIPTION of CITIZENS for MILITARY SERVICE Article 19. Citizens liable for military service 1. Male citizen aged between 18 to 27 years of age, composed or consist primarily on the military account, does not have the right to release or exemption from military conscription, is subject to conscription.
The decision to call a national military service can only be made after the child reaches 18 years of age.
2. in accordance with the law, the Citizen has the right to instead of military service for conscripts to do military service under the contract.

3. a citizen who graduated from State educational institution of higher professional education and training of reserve officers training programme on the military Chair at that educational institution and not to the past military service shall be on training (internship) in the programme of training of reserve officers, during his military service for conscripts.
Citizen, passing the training of reserve officers at the military Department of the State educational institution of higher professional education, past military service shall be on training (internships) training of reserve officers in training at the educational institution.
Citizen, who has signed a contract for the military training of reserve officers training programme prior to the entry into force of this federal law, recruited in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation and passes it in the manner prescribed for soldiers performing military service under the contract.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 29.04.95 N 69-FZ), Article 20. Exemption from conscription 1. Conscription is released citizen: a) recognized unfit or partially fit for military service for health reasons;
b) passing or past military or alternative service a citizen has the right to use deferred from conscription to obtain vocational education only once; (As amended by the Federal law of 29.04.95 N 69-FZ)) (deleted-the Federal law dated 29.04.95 g. N 69-FZ) cannot be called up for military service or removed from citizen possessing outstanding conviction for committing a serious crime.
2. The right to be exempted from conscription is a citizen, whose brother was killed or died during military service conscripts.
Article 21. Deferral of call-up of citizens for military service 1. The postponing of the military service is available to the citizen: a) recognized temporarily not fit for military service for health reasons-for a period of up to one year;
b) busy caring for a family member in need of assistance and not in full state maintenance, in the absence of other persons required by law to deliver a specified family member content and take care of it;
having a child) child without mother;
g) having two or more children;
d) having a child under three years of age;
(e)) whose mother also has two or more children aged under 8 years and educates them without a husband;
f) against whom criminal proceedings have been instituted;
w) who is such a special right motivated by presidential decree, to be published in the media.
In need of assistance and care are considered to be family members who have reached retirement age or permanently incapacitated for work the first or second group, as well as family members who have not attained 18 years of age.
2. in addition to the persons referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the right to obtain a postponement from military conscription has citizen: a) the elected member of Parliament for the parliamentary authority;
b) first trained full-time in an educational institution of vocational education at a given level-at the time of his study;
in) on education and the content of not less than 7 years, parents (persons substituting), if the latter is older than 50 years, was not within the specified period in the marriage and has no children;
g) having higher pedagogical education and constantly working on teaching posts in rural educational institution for the duration of such work;
d) full-time doctor in rural areas.
Article 22. Terms of conscription of citizens for military service 1. Conscription of citizens for military service is carried out twice a year to 1 April to 30 June and from 1 October to 31 December by decrees of the President of the Russian Federation.
2. a citizen permanently residing in rural areas and directly engaged in sowing and harvesting laborers, recruited from 15 October to 31 December.
3. a citizen, a pedagogical employee educational institution, recruited from 1 May to 30 June.
Article 23. Organization of conscription of citizens for military service 1. Conscription of citizens for military service will organize a district or city administration head (without the district Division) together with the military Commissioner of the district or city (without the district Division).
2. For organizing the recruitment of citizens for military service meets the head of the administration of the district or city (without the district Division).
3. the procedure for the recruitment of citizens for military service is determined by this law and the regulations on military conscription, as approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 24. The draft Board to organize and conduct the recruitment of citizens for military service in each region or city (without the district Division) decision of the Council of people's deputies created the draft Board, which should include: first Deputy Head of administration of the district or city (without the district Division)-Chairman of the Commission;

military Commissar of the district or city (without the district Division)-Deputy Chairman of the Commission;
the representative of the Council of people's deputies of the district or city (without the district Division);
Secretary of the drafting of the Commission;
the doctor, the Steering work on medical examination of citizens subject to conscription;
the representative of the district or city (in no district Division) of the Department of Interior;
the representative of the district or city (in no district Division) body of management education.
The composition of the draft Commission may include representatives of other enterprises, institutions and organizations.
Article 25. Responsibilities and modus operandi of the draft Commission 1. At present the Commission would assume responsibility for the Organization of medical examination of a citizen liable to conscription and the adoption in respect of one of the following decisions: the call to military service;
on alternative service;
on deferment from military service;
exemption from military conscription;
exemption from conscription.
In the case of a citizen from the Dodge conscription draft Board sends relevant material to investigative bodies.
When deciding on the direction of national military service draft Board defines the kind born of troops of the Russian Federation armed forces or other troops, in which the citizen will perform military service.
2. The draft Board takes its decisions only on the basis of the law. Its decision should not be contrary to the opinion of the doctor who carried out a medical examination of a citizen on his fitness for military service for health reasons.
3. the Chairman or his Deputy the draft Commission decision the draft Commission citizen in respect of which it is taken.
On demand of the citizen President of the draft Commission gives him a copy of the draft Commission decisions adopted in relation to this citizen.
4. draft Commission Decision may be appealed within ten days in citizen Appeals Commission of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St.-Petersburg or in court.
In this case, a decision the draft Commission decision shall be suspended until the drafting Commission of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St.-Petersburg or the Court.
Article 26. The draft Board of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg 1. The decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the Council of people's deputies of the autonomous region, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg is created corresponding to the draft Board, which should include: the Deputy Head of Government of the Republic within the Russian Federation, Deputy Head of the administration of an autonomous region, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the Chairman of the Commission;
military Commissar of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St.-Petersburg-Deputy Chairman of the Commission;
the representative of the Supreme Council of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the Council of people's deputies of the autonomous region, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg;
Secretary of the drafting Commission of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg;
the doctor, the Steering work on medical examination and inspection of citizens subject to conscription;
the representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Department of Interior of an autonomous region, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg;
a spokesman for the education authority of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The composition of the drafting Commission of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg can enter and others.
2. The draft Board of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St.-Petersburg: organizes citizens to medical examination for military service before sending them to the duty station, monitoring medical examination of citizens granted deferral or exempted from conscription for reasons of health, as well as citizens who disagree with the decisions of call-up commissions on fitness for military service for health reasons;
checks the validity of the provision delays and exemptions from conscription;

monitors the validity of the direction of citizens for military service in the armed forces, the armed forces of the Russian Federation or other troops;
complaints of citizens summoned for military service, on the action called commissions.
3. The draft Board of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St.-Petersburg has the right to review and overturn decisions of call-up boards.
4. draft Commission Decision of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg may be appealed in court.
Article 27. Medical examination of citizens subject to conscription 1. Citizen, subject to conscription, passes a medical examination doctors: therapist, neurologist, surgeon, ophthalmologist, an ENT specialist, dentist and, if necessary, a psychiatrist, physicians of other specialties.
In case of impossibility to get a medical opinion on the validity of citizen to military service draft Board could send it on an outpatient or inpatient medical examination in medical institution located within a Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, in whose territory (which) the citizen lives.
2. Specialist physician according to the results of a medical examination of the citizen subject to conscription, gives an opinion on its suitability for military service in the following categories: a-fit for military service;
B-fit for military service, with minor restrictions;
In-limited fit for military service;
Mr. temporarily not fit for military service;
D-not fit for military service.
3. the procedure for organizing and conducting medical examination is governed by the regulations on military-medical examination, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
4. The draft Board in agreement with the Commander of a military unit (military medical institutions) for the medical examination of citizens subject to conscription, might attract military medical specialists.
5. Financing of medical examination of citizens subject to conscription, is carried out in accordance with the procedure set out by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 28. Duties of citizens and officials associated with the calling of citizens for military service 1. Citizen to be liable for military service, shall present himself when summoned by the military Commissariat for a medical examination, at the meeting of the draft Commission and by the military Commissar of the call-ups.
2. Officer of the enterprise, institution or organization to ensure the citizen subject to conscription, the possibility of a timely appearance on call military commissariat or agenda of the military Commissioner.
Article 29. Conscription of citizens for military service and in wartime mobilization order of conscription of citizens for military service and mobilization in wartime set the laws of the Russian Federation regarding the mobilization and on the military situation.
Section V the FLOW of CITIZENS for MILITARY SERVICE UNDER the CONTRACT, Article 30. Conclusion military service contract 1. The first contract for military service have the right to enter into male citizens between the ages of 18 to 40 years of age and female citizens aged 20 to 40 years.
2. military service contract is concluded in writing between a citizen and the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation (Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service) in the manner determined by the regulations on military service.
The selection of candidates for recruitment under the contract may be exercised military commissariat of the Republic within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous district, territory, region, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg as prescribed by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service).
3. Grounds for refusal of a contract on the performance of military service is: the absence of a military unit (on the ship), institution or organization of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, Federal State security bodies (hereinafter referred to as the unit, unless this Act provides otherwise) vacant military positions in case of conclusion of a contract, under paragraph (b) or paragraph "b" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law;
the decision of the Certification Board approved by the Commander of the military unit, contract military service with another citizen according to the results of the selection process;
the lack of full conformity of the citizen requirements in accordance with this law to citizens entering the military service under the contract;
the presence of the citizen or outstanding conviction appeal.

4. the grounds for refusing a contract military service can serve citizens have female or unmarried male citizens of a child under the age of 8 years.
5. Refusal of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation (Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service) in a contract of military service may be appealed in court. (Article 30 suspended (to make the appropriate changes and additions in the law of the Russian Federation "on military conscription and military service" to suspend the operation of article 30 of the Act, which provides for the conclusion of a contract for military service against judges of the military courts and the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation)-Federal Act of 03.12.94 N 55-FZ) Article 31. Contracts on military service citizens studying in military educational institutions of vocational education 1. Citizen, held no military service, has the right to enrol in military schools and institutions, in some military academies and some military faculties in public educational institutions of higher vocational education from the year in which he turns 17 years of age, and up to a year in which he turns 21 year, inclusive.
Citizen, passing or past military service, has the right to enter at designated educational institutions until the year he turns 23 years, inclusive.
2. Cadet military educational institutions of vocational education, has no contract for military service earlier, concludes a contract for military service under paragraph "a" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law, after the first course, if he was 18 years old.
A soldier does not have officers rank passing military service under the contract and has been received by the specified in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1 of this article the military educational institution of vocational education, contract military service under paragraph "a" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law, while studying in the specified educational institution and 5 years of military service after graduation.
3. pending the conclusion of a contract for military service Cadet has the legal status of a soldier passing military service conscripts.
4. The Cadet expelled from the military educational institutions of vocational education for failure or wrongdoing before conclusion of the contract on the performance of military service, as well as Cadet, who refused to sign a contract, shall be sent in accordance with the procedure established by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service) order for military conscription for a term at the end of which the duration of military service, that soldier will be equal to the rate established by this law, the term of military conscription If at the time the deductions he not vysluzhil fixed term of military conscription and not eligible for exemption or exemption from conscription.
5. kursantu, otchislennomu of military educational institutions of vocational education in the cases provided by paragraph 4 of this article shall apply the sanctions established by the regulation on the liability of the soldiers, approved by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. (Paragraph five of article 31 (part of the powers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation) recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288)
6. Military educational institutions of vocational education should include teaching cadets to civilian professions, a list of which is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 32. Requirements for citizens entering the military service under the contract 1. Citizen coming to contractual military service shall be subject to medical examinations in accordance with the regulations on military-medical examination. According to the results of a medical examination of the decision on the validity of citizen to military service, in accordance with part 2 of article 27 of this law. For military service under the contract may be adopted by a citizen who recognized in medical examination of fit for military service or fit for military service, with minor restrictions.
2. Citizen coming to contractual military service must conform to the established requirements: for general education requirement;
on the level of vocational training;
on moral-psychological qualities;
to implement the standards of physical fitness.
These requirements and standards shall be established by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service).

3. Determine the conformity of citizens entering and passing it under the contract, the requirements rests with the certifying Commission of military units.
Article 33. Types of military service contracts 1. Upon entering military service under the contract the citizen enters into one of the following types of contracts: a) a contract for military service in armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies or the federal bodies of State security;
b) contract for military service in a particular military unit;
in) military service contract on a particular job in a particular military unit.
2. A soldier passing military service under the contract specified in paragraph "a" of the first part of this article may be appointed to a military post with the relocation to a new duty station without the consent of the soldier.
3. military service contract can be terminated prematurely with the consent of the signatories in case of conclusion of a contract soldiers on military service.
Article 34. Periods of military service under contracts 1. Military service contract is for a period of 3, 5 or 10 years, as well as for a shorter period before the upper age limit of stay in the armed forces, making military service contract.
2. A citizen, first entering the contractual military service military service contract is: from entering the military post, the particular soldiers (sailors), as well as sergeants (selectable),-for 3 years;
Since coming to the military post, the particular situation with NCO Corps is (michmanami), on 5 years;
Since coming to the military post, the particular officers-to 5 years;
with military Cadet military educational institutions of vocational education-the learning time in the specified educational institution and 5 years of military service after graduation.
A soldier passing military service conscripts could conclude the first military service contract for a shorter period, provided that the total duration of his military service and conscripts under the first contract will be 3 years or 5 years in accordance with paragraphs first-fifth of this part.
3. With soldiers with officer rank and received in military educational institution of higher professional education, contract military service under paragraph "a" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law, while studying in the specified educational institution and 5 years of military service after graduation.
4. With soldiers with officer rank and in advanced or military doctorate, contract military service under paragraph "a" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law, at the time of study in graduate or military doctoral studies and 5 years of military service after their end date, or for a shorter period before the upper age limit of stay in the military that soldier.
5. military service contract pursuant to paragraph "b" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law, may be concluded for a period not exceeding 5 years.
6. the Commander of the military unit decides on detention or refusal to conclude a new contract with the military, performing contractual military service not later than three months before the expiry of the contract.
SECTION VI MILITARY SERVICE Article 35. Military service 1. Military service-a special kind of public service for citizens in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies and federal organs of State security.
A person who is not a citizen of the Russian Federation may not perform military service in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies and federal organs of State security.
2. a citizen held in the military is the military and has legal status, which is determined by law.
3. the content and order of military service in peace time are determined by this law, the regulations on military service and military charters.
Features of military service in other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, Federal State security will be governed by the laws governing their activities.
Features of military service and mobilization in wartime will be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
Article 36. The duties of military service 1. In order to regulate the legal relations associated with the performance of the citizens of conscription and military service, under the duties of military service means: s) participation in hostilities;
b), execution of the duties established under military statutes;
in) the bearing of the alert (battle);
g) participated in exercises and trips of ships;
d) carrying out an order, order or task, given or set by the Commander (Chief);
e) finding on the territory of a military unit within the prescribed schedule of official time or if it is caused by the service may require;

f) finding a business trip or for treatment;
w) adherence to treatment, and vice versa;
and the passage of military levies;)
k) being in captivity (except in the case of voluntary surrender), hostage or internee;
the lengthy absence, l) prior to recognition of the soldier as missing or dead in the manner prescribed by law;
m) the protection of life, health, honour and dignity of the individual;
n) assisting law enforcement authorities in ensuring law and order;
about) other actions the soldier as established by the Court in the interests of society and the State.
2. Not recognized as acting military service: soldier outside a military unit location on vacation, dismissal or leave, except as provided in paragraphs "to"-"of" the first part of this article;
arbitrarily located outside of the location of a military unit or installed outside of a military duty, except as provided in paragraphs "to"-"of" the first part of this article;
voluntarily brought himself into a State of narcotic or toxic inebriation;
commits criminal law provided for a socially dangerous act;
commits suicide or attempted suicide, if such actions were not caused by painful condition or bringing to suicide.
3. A member may not be given orders and instructions, be tasks unrelated to military service or to a violation of the law.
Article 37. Periods of military service 1. Periods of military service military installed: for performing military service on call-24 months;
for those with higher education and performing military service conscripts-12 months;
for performing military service in accordance with the terms of the contract to the military training of reserve officers training programme-24 months (for persons who have signed such contracts prior to the entry into force of this federal law);
for performing military service under the contract-on the life of the contract.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 29.04.95 N 69-FZ)
2. Start of military service is considered a day of admission of a citizen in a list of military personnel.
3. The end of military service shall be the date of the expiration of the term of military service.
4. No one shall be entitled to extend the past citizen of the duration of military service.
5. Time of passing military charges count towards overall length of military service.
Article 38. Military uniforms 1. For members of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, federal public security authorities set out the necessary types of uniforms.
Military uniforms and insignia shall be approved by the President of the Russian Federation and rules of their wear shall be established by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service).
Depending on the destination of various kinds of military uniforms may have insignia on military rank, personalized, as well as amenities: the armed forces of the Russian Federation (the other troops);
to the sight of the armed forces of the Russian Federation (other troops);
to territorial command of the armed forces of the Russian Federation (other troops);
to a functional command of the armed forces of the Russian Federation (other troops);
to service (the service);
to specific military units.
2. a member is not required to wear uniform clothing outside of the location of a military unit on vacation, on leave or on vacation.
3. military uniforms and insignia of the troops are protected by the patent law of the Russian Federation.
Uniforms and insignia of the ministries, State committees and agencies, enterprises, establishments, organizations and public associations cannot be similar attire and signs military differences.
The Ministry, State Committee or agency when you modify existing or introduce new forms of clothing and insignia of their employees represent the relevant proposals to the Government of the Russian Federation after their coordination with the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
Wearing military uniforms with insignia, citizens have no right to it, is prohibited and is punishable by law.
Article 39. Military oath 1. Citizen, admitted for the first time or not held military service and was first designed for military training, brings the military oath before the national flag of the Russian Federation and the fighting banner of military unit.
2. the following text of the oath: "I, (surname, name, patronymic name), do solemnly swear allegiance to their homeland-the Russian Federation.
I swear by the Holy comply with its Constitution and laws, strictly comply with the requirements of military regulations, the orders of commanders and superiors.
I swear to fulfil military duty, courageously defend the freedom, independence and constitutional order of Russia, the people and the Fatherland ".
Article 40. Sacrificing the military oath

1. Citizen brings the military oath upon arrival to the place of military service or military charges after undergoing basic military training, the duration of which shall not exceed two months.
Before swearing the military oath: a soldier cannot be appointed to military posts, be required to perform combat tasks (to participate in hostilities, bear alert, combat service, guard duty);
for the troops could not be fixed armament and military equipment;
the soldier is not a disciplinary sanction may be imposed in the form of arrest.
2. Until such time as the military oath shall be administered in accordance with the regulations on the procedure for military service.
Article 41. Military posts 1. Soldiers undergoing military service at the military posts provided by United States troops.
A soldier cannot be assigned permanent response to post that it doesn't take.
2. lists of military posts are developed by the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation (Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service). Each military post should correspond to one rank.
Lists of military posts in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, the federal bodies of State security is defined: which may be substituted by members of the female sex;
that can be replaced by civilian personnel;
which replaces only on a competitive basis.
3. Single list of military posts filled by higher officers in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, federal public security is approved by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation on the recommendation of the President of the Russian Federation.
Lists of military posts filled colonels (captains of the first rank) in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, federal public security approved by the President of the Russian Federation.
Lists of other military posts were approved by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service). (Paragraph three of article 41 (Office of the permanent committees and commissions of the Chambers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation) recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288)
4. for each military post of Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation (Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service) establishes qualification requirements to be met by the incumbent soldier.
5. Members may not perform military service at the military posts in the following circumstances: during the basic military training prior to taking the military oath;
When in possession of the Commander (Chief)-no more than 3 months;
When in possession of the Commander (Chief) in connection with the organizational and staffing activities-not more than 6 months.
Article 42. Appointment to military posts 1. The soldiers are assigned to military posts, to which the State provides for military ranks: senior officers-the President of the Russian Federation after receiving the findings of the permanent commissions of the Chambers, committees of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation (second paragraph of article 42 is recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) to Colonel (Captain first rank)-Minister of defence of the Russian Federation;
to Lieutenant Colonel (Captain second rank)-Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, the commanders of territorial or functional commands, armed forces of the Russian Federation;
to major (Captain third rank)-the commanders of associations;
to Captain (Lieutenant)-the commanders;
to Senior Lieutenant-commanders of the military units (regiments, ships of the first rank and equal);
to officers (Chief Petty officers of the ship)-the commanders of military units.
2. A soldier passing military service under the contract, has the right to propose the appropriate certification Board for consideration at a vacant military post or should.
A soldier passing or passing military service under the contract provided for the points "b" or "b" of the first paragraph of article 33 of this law, cannot be appointed to the military post, the particular colonels (captains of the first rank) or senior officers.

3. A soldier assigned to the post of Commander of the military unit, the connection may not perform military service in this post more than 5 years, and may not be appointed to the highest military position within 2 years from the date of his appointment. (Third Paragraph of article 42 is recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288)
4. appointment of the soldier to the position of military Commissioner of the Republic in the Russian Federation of an autonomous region, autonomous district, territory, region, city of Moscow or St. Petersburg, area or city (without the district Division) is made with the consent of the public authority or local Council of people's deputies. (Fourth Paragraph of article 42 is recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288)
5. members of other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, Federal State security organs shall be appointed to military posts in a manner similar to that provided for in the first paragraph of this article. (Paragraph five of article 42 found not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 43. The secondment of military personnel 1. A soldier may be assigned by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service) to the highest organ of State authority or the Office of the Russian Federation, Ministry, State Committee or agency of the Russian Federation only as an Advisor, expert or consultant for a term not exceeding 5 years.
The secondment of military foreign intelligence bodies and the federal bodies of State security are carried out in accordance with special regulations.
The secondment of military personnel is carried out within the limits set by the President of the Russian Federation, under the advice of the Supreme bodies of State authority and administration of the Russian Federation, ministries, State committees and departments of the Russian Federation. (First Item of article 43 is recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288)
2. Order the secondment of members of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, the federal bodies of State security to the highest State authorities of the Russian Federation, ministries, State committees and departments of the Russian Federation shall be determined in accordance with the regulations on the procedure for military service.
Article 44. Suspension of military service 1. Military service temporarily suspended: If elected people's Deputy of the soldier and the transition to a permanent job in the representative body of power-on period of parliamentary authority;
in case of transition of a serviceman in accordance with the law for permanent work in the Executive Body for the period of eligibility.
2. a citizen after the period of suspension of his military service in the cases provided for in the first paragraph of this article, shall have the right to continue military service or early leave from military service. (Article 44 is not valid and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 45. Convoys of soldiers and military ranks 1. In the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies and the federal bodies of State security structures referred to in this article instead of troops and military ranks.
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
| Formulations | Military ranks |
| +-troops-------------------------------------------|
| | Army | ship |
+--------------+-------------------+------------------------|
| And | rough (Cadet) | Sailor (Cadet) |
| sailors | Lance corporal | Senior sailor |
+--------------+-------------------+------------------------|
| | Junior Sergeant | Sergeant major of the second article |
| Sergeants and | Sergeant | foreman first article |
| foreman | Staff Sergeant | Chief officers |
| | foreman | the main ship |
| | | foreman |
+--------------+-------------------+------------------------|
| And | non- Ensign | Midshipman |
| warrant officers | Senior warrant officer | Senior midshipman |
+--------------+-------------------+------------------------|
|: Officers | | |
| Junior | Second Lieutenant | Second Lieutenant |
| | Lieutenant | Lieutenant |
| | Senior Lieutenant | Senior Lieutenant |
| | Captain | Lieutenant Commander |
| | | |
| Senior | Mayor | Captain third rank |
| | Lieutenant Colonel | Captain second rank |
| | Colonel | Captain first rank |
| | | |
| higher | Major-General | Rear Admiral |
| | Lieutenant-General | Vice Admiral |
| | Colonel-General | Admiral |
| | Army General | Admiral of the fleet |
| | |

| | Marshal Of The Russian Federation |
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
2. Before the military rank of a soldier serving in the guard or guards military connection, the guards ship adds the word "guard".
To the military rank of a citizen, legal, medical or veterinary military specialty credentials, respectively, added the word "justice," "of the medical service" or "veterinary services".
To the military rank of citizen staying in reserve (reserve) or in retirement, adds the word "respectively" reserve ("reserve") or "ret".
3. it is forbidden to enter for the officers, staff and employees of ministries, State committees and departments, enterprises, institutions, organizations and public associations, special ranks or ranks, similar to military ranks.
Article 46. Assigning military ranks 1. For his military service in each military rank set for a specific period of time.
Rank assigned to soldier on the day of expiry of the period of his service in the previous military rank if it takes military post for which the staff provided rank equal to or higher than the rank assigned to a soldier.
The rank can be assigned to a soldier early for special personal merits, but not rank above provided for staff for his military post.
Soldier, the duration of military service which assigned military rank has expired, for outstanding personal merits may be promoted to the rank of one step above rank provided for staff for these troops occupied military posts, but not above the rank of major General (Captain third rank).
2. Military ranks to military personnel assigned: Marshal of the Russian Federation-the Russian Federation Supreme Council, for special services to the State (second part of the second paragraph of article 46 (part of the powers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation) recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) senior officers-the President of the Russian Federation, on the basis of the conclusions of the relevant standing committees and commissions of the Chambers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation (paragraph three of article 46 (part of the Office of the permanent commissions of the Chambers and committees The Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation) recognized as not applicable and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) to Colonel (Captain first rank) and the first officer rank-Minister of defence of the Russian Federation;
to Lieutenant Colonel (Captain second rank)-Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, the commanders of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
to major (Captain third rank)-the commanders of territorial or functional commands of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
Senior warrant officer (senior warrant officer)-the commanders of associations;
to officers (Chief Petty officers of the ship)-commanders;
Senior Sergeant (Chief Petty Officer)-the commanders of military units (regiments, the vessel of the first rank and equal);
to corporal (leading crewman) or cadet commanders of military units.
3. Military personnel of other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, federal public security ranks are assigned in the same provided for part two of this article, but not above the rank of Colonel-General.
4. the procedure for assigning military ranks determined by regulations on military service.
Article 47. Deprivation of military rank, reduction, reconstruction in military ranks 1. The soldier, as well as citizen, residing in the reserve (reserve) or retired, could be stripped of his military rank only upon conviction for an intentionally committed crime.
Citizen deprived of rank, can be promoted to the rank, of which he was deprived of official having the right to assign this rank only after withdrawal (maturity).
2. A soldier passing military service conscripts could be lowered in military rank as well as rebuilt in the same military rank in the manner determined by the statutes, members of the armed forces of the Russian Federation.
Article 48. Dismissal from military service 1. The soldier dismissed from military service after a specified period of time, article 37 of this law, his military service.
2. the soldiers were dismissed from the military service: officers-the President of the Russian Federation;
to Colonel (Captain first rank)-Minister of defence of the Russian Federation;
to Lieutenant Colonel (Captain second rank)-Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, the commanders of territorial or functional commands, armed forces of the Russian Federation;
to major (Captain third rank)-the commanders of associations;
Senior warrant officer (senior warrant officer)-the commanders;

to officers (Chief Petty officers of the ship)-the commanders of military units.
Soldiers of other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, the federal bodies of State security resign from military service in the same provided for paragraphs first-seventh of this part.
3. the age limit is set for the serviceman staying in military service: has the military rank of Marshal of the Russian Federation General of the army, Colonel-General or equal, 60 years;
has the military rank of Lieutenant-General, major-general or equal-55 years;
has the military rank of Colonel or equal-50 years;
has a different rank-45 years.
The age limit of stay on the female member of the armed forces shall be established in accordance with paragraphs first-fifth this part, but no more than 50 years.
4. With the soldiers who have reached the age limit for military service and in possession of one military accounting professions, a list of which is specified in the Statute on the procedure for military service, can be concluded before the 5 year contracts for military service.
5. soldier retires from military service with enrollment in the reserve.
The soldier, who has reached the age at the time of discharge from military service age stay in stock or recognized military-medical Commission does not fit for military service, retires from military service resigned.
Article 49. Early dismissal from military service citizens 1. Early discharge from military service shall be subject to: (a) soldier) recognized the military-medical Commission does not fit for military service;
b) ongoing contractual military service at the military posts for which staff provided military rank to officers (Chief Petty officers of the ship), inclusive, or passing military service conscripts is a recognized military-medical Commission partially fit for military service;
in) is assigned a criminal penalty of deprivation of liberty;
g) devoid of military rank.
2. A soldier passing contractual military service may be prematurely dismissed from military service): (a) in connection with the organizational and staffing activities;
b) for its failure to comply with the terms of the contract;
for misconduct), defaming honor soldier;
g) If a soldier stopped responding established thereto in accordance with the present law requirements.
The soldier, held military service under the first contract, signed them up to the age of 27 years, not the past military service conscripts and dismissed from military service prior to the expiration of the contract in cases stipulated in points "b"-"g" this part is directed in accordance with the procedure established by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation (the head of the Ministry, State Committee or agency in which the present law prescribes military service) order for military conscription for a term at the end of which the duration of military service that soldier becomes equal to the established in the present law term of military conscription, if at the time of early discharge from military service under the contract he has not vysluzhil fixed term of military conscription and not eligible for exemption or exemption from conscription.
Command decision on early termination of a serviceman may be appealed in court.
3. In case of early termination of a soldier passing contractual military service with military service in the cases provided for in clauses "c", "d" of part one and the points "b"-"," part two of this article, subject to sanctions imposed by regulation on the liability of the members of the armed forces.
4. A soldier passing military service under the contract, is entitled to early dismissal from military service in case of: recognition of its limited fit for military service by the conclusion of military-medical Commission;
inability to stay a member of his family for medical reasons in the locality in which the soldier passes military service;
availability of grounds stipulated in points "b", "c", "e" of the first paragraph of article 21 of this law.
5. soldier passing military service conscripts have the right to early dismissal from military service if he circumstances stipulated in paragraph 2 of article 20 and paragraphs "b"-"e" of the first paragraph of article 21 of this law.
6. a member of the armed forces, recognized in the established order missing or died (deceased), excluded from the lists of personnel of the military unit.
SECTION VII of the reserve (reserve) of the ARMED FORCES of the RUSSIAN Federation, Federal BODIES of the public security and FRONTIER TROOPS of Article 50. Enrollment in the reserve of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of State security and border forces 1. For resupply of the armed forces of the Russian Federation to mobilize and in wartime you create stock from among citizens: discharged from military service with enrollment in the reserve;
trained reserve officers training programme for the military departments at State educational institutions of higher professional education;
not passed military service in connection with delays;

past alternative service on grounds not related to their beliefs.
The creation of a reserve of the federal organs of public security and frontier troops is carried out in a manner similar to the established by the present law.
(Paragraph 2 excluded the Federal law from 29.04.95 N 69-FZ)
2. a citizen not passed military service in connection with the granting of deferment or an alternative service, as well as deprived of court rank, simultaneously with the transfer to the reserve military Commissioner of the district or city (without the district Division) are assigned the rank of private (sailor).
3. a citizen residing in reserve, passes a medical examination to determine his fitness for military service in accordance with the regulations on military-medical examination. (Paras. 3 and 4 take 2 points respectively and 3 as amended by the Federal law of 29.04.95 N 69-FZ), Article 51. The composition of the stock of 1. Composition of stock-citizens staying in stock, divided into three categories.
+-------------------------------------------------------------+
| | Age residing in stock |
| Composition of stock +-----------------------------------|
| (rank) | first | the second | the third |
| | discharge | discharge | discharge |
+-------------------------+-----------+-----------+-----------|
| Soldiers and sailors | | | |
| sergeants and officers | | | |
| warrant officers and warrant officers | up to 35 years | up to 45 years | up to 50 years |
| | | | |
| Junior officers | up to 45 years | up to 50 years | up to 55 years |
| | | | |
| Senior officers: | | | |
| majors, colonels | up to 50 years | up to 55 years | up to 60 years |
| colonels | up to 55 years | up to 60 years | - |
| | | | |
| Senior officers | up to 60 years | - | - |
+-------------------------------------------------------------+
2. Female citizens staying in reserve, belong to the third category, and having the military ranks of officers-before reaching the age of 50, and not having such titles-before reaching the age of 45.
3. a citizen residing in stock and has reached the age limit of stay in stock or recognized not fit for military service for health reasons, translated military Commissioner of the district or city (without the district Division) retired and removed from the military account.
Article 52. Military training 1. Citizens who reside in stock, can be recruited for military training for training or retraining for military service.
Carrying out military duties for other purposes is not allowed.
2. The time, place and date of the military charges are determined by the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
3. The duration of each military collection may not exceed 2 months.
The total duration of military charges, which involved the citizen during his time in reserve, may not exceed 12 months.
The interval between the military charges, which involved citizen, residing in the reserve, must be not less than 3 years.
4. Duration of military charges count towards the total duration of military service for citizens.
Article 53. Exemption from military duties 1. From military duties exempted female citizens.
2. fees shall be exempted from the military male citizens: a) reserved for enterprises, institutions and organizations in the period of mobilization and wartime;
b) civilian personnel of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies, Federal State security bodies, internal affairs agencies;
in flight and technical personnel), as well as workers and employees of aviation and railway transport, directly implementing and providing transportation or engaged in maintenance and repair of aircraft (helicopters), aerodrome equipment, rolling stock and railway transport devices;
g) floating Navy courts, as well as floating composition of river fleet and the fleet fishing industry-during navigation;
d) directly engaged in sowing and harvesting works-at the time of such works;
e) pedagogical workers of educational institutions;
f) students (cadets) and pupils of daytime and evening departments of educational institutions;
w) students (cadets) and part-time students of educational institutions-for the period of examination and classification of the sessions and writing a research paper;
and) retired from the military service within 2 years from the date of retirement;
k) with three or more minor children;
l) with grounds referred to in article 21 of this Act, except paragraphs "g" and "d" of part one and points "a" and "d" of part two;
m) staying abroad.
3. the military Commissioner may decide to release citizens from calling for military training provided valid reasons, confirmed by relevant documents.
Article 54. Order of military charges 1. Order of military levies citizens staying in stock is determined by this law and the regulations on the procedure of carrying out military duties, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation on the recommendation of the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation.
2. Material security of civilians at military training camp, carried out in the manner and amount determined by the regulations on the procedure of carrying out military duties.

3. a citizen successfully proficiency during military duties prescribed by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation tests, on presentation of an official responsible for military duties may be assigned to the next rank, but no more than two times during this citizen in stock: a soldier or sailor, Sergeant or Sergeant-to senior sergeant or Chief Petty officers of the inclusive-military Commissioner of the district or city (without the district Division);
Officer, vehicle or michmanu-to Lieutenant Colonel or Captain second rank inclusive-Minister of defence of the Russian Federation.
Article 55. The reserve of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of the public security and frontier troops of the procedure for the formation and training of the reserve of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of the public security and frontier troops is defined by a special law.
SECTION VIII TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS Article 56. The transitional period for the implementation of this law establishes a transitional period, which is determined by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation in giving effect to this Act.
Article 57. Effect of previously adopted normative acts 1. During the transitional period prior to the adoption of normative acts of the Russian Federation on matters governed by this law, shall remain in force until full repeal of authorized bodies of the relevant statutes in force in the USSR, RSFSR, Russian Federation, as well as the regulations adopted by the General command of the Armed forces of the Commonwealth of independent States prior to the formation of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, the General command of the border troops of the Commonwealth of independent States prior to the formation of the border troops of the Russian Federation -in the part not contradicting this law and on the basis of the present Law regulations.
2. The USSR Act "on the universal military conscription in the Russian Federation is terminated since the enactment of this Act.
Benefits under the law of the USSR "about conscription," remain valid until the adoption of the relevant legislative acts of the Russian Federation.
3. The law of the Russian Federation "to dismiss from active military service officers on their own" is discontinued since the enactment of this Act.
The soldier, who has the rank of officer who is not a contract for military service, shall be entitled to resign from military service, if the total duration of his military service at the military posts (posts), for which the State provided for officers ' rank, is not less than 5 years after the end of the educational institutions of vocational education.
Article 58. Contracting citizens, students on reserve officers training programmes for the military departments at State educational institutions of higher professional education of the Citizen, trained reserve officers training programme for the military departments at State educational institutions of higher professional education, is contracted to the military training of the military Department of the State educational institution of higher professional education in accordance with article 17 of this law within 3 months following the entry into force of this Act.
Citizen, who is not a contract of military training at the military Department of the State educational institution of higher professional education, cannot receive training on the military Chair.
Article 59. The action delays and exemptions from conscription for active military service 1. A citizen who, in accordance with the law of the USSR "on the universal military conscription was released from active military service is exempt from conscription in peacetime.
Citizen, which in accordance with the law of the USSR "on the universal military conscription had been granted a deferral from the call to active military service, took the delay before it expires or until the disappearance of the grounds on which this postponement was given.
2. a citizen who was supposed to be called up for active military service, in accordance with the USSR Law "on compulsory military service", but was not called up before the enactment of this law shall be liable to conscription in accordance with this law.
Article 60. Conclusion of contract soldiers on military service 1. The soldier, trained in a military Academy, a military college, Military Academy, the graduate, military, military faculty doctoral civil educational institution of higher professional education, contract military service in accordance with the present law within 3 months from the date of enactment of this Act.

The soldier, who has the rank of Colonel (Captain first rank) or a general officer, soldier, occupying the military post for which the staff provided for the military rank of Colonel (Captain first rank) or a general officer, contract military service within 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act.
2. a member of the armed forces, which are not covered by paragraph 1 of this article, shall have the right to conclude a contract for military service in accordance with this law before the end of the transitional period.
3. Vehicle (michmanu), sverhsrochnosluzhashhemu, soldier-woman, as well as officer to the military service of the reserve cannot be extended as long as military service in accordance with the previous legislation. If you wish to continue military service specified member may conclude the contract about military service in accordance with this law.
4. a member over the age of 40 years during the transitional period are entitled to conclude the first military service contract for up to 10 years in accordance with this law.
5. soldier, except subject to the second part of the third paragraph of article 57 of this law, not who the military service contract in the periods specified in clauses 1-3 of this article, retires from military service for a period of 3 months after the expiry of the present article the term of the contract.
6. A member who has attained age stay in military service within 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the term of military service may be extended, but not more than 3 months.
Article 61. Military service in units in which the present law does not provide for military service military service in units in which the present law does not provide for military service is allowed before the end of the transitional period.
A soldier passing military service in units in which the present law does not provide for military service, could not conclude the contract about military service in these formations.
Article 62. Military service of citizens of the Russian Federation in the military units of other States (former Soviet republics) citizen of the Russian Federation, held in military units of other States (former Soviet republics), saves the soldier's legal status provided for in the law of the Russian Federation only until the end of the transitional period.
Article 63. The calculation of the overall length of the military service member overall length of military service soldier of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops, foreign intelligence bodies and the federal bodies of State security included the duration of his military service before the enactment of this Act.
Article 64. Article 44 of this law 1. Article 44 of this law shall not apply to the military, elected a people's Deputy to the expiration of the term of convocation of representative government bodies, acting at the moment of enactment of this Act.
2. The provisions of article 44 of this law shall not apply to the soldier, jumping to a permanent job in the Executive authority before the enactment of this Act. (Article 46 is not valid and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) Article 65. Military ranks, not provided for in this Act For military personnel (citizen, resident in the reserve or retired), which before the enactment of this law was promoted to the rank, not provided for by the present law, it remains a military rank.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin Moscow, House of Soviets of Russia February 11, 1993 N 4455-I