On Ensuring The Uniformity Of Measurements

Original Language Title: Об обеспечении единства измерений

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spent power from January 1, 2009 -Federal Law dated 26.06.2008 N 102-FZ A A C About (In the revision of Federal Law dated 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ) This Law establishes the legal basis for ensuring the unity of measurements in the Russian Federation, regulates the relations of the State administration of the Russian Federation with legal and physical bodies. " Persons on the issues of manufacture, production, operation, repair, sale and import of measuring devices and aimed at protecting the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, established law and order and the economy of the Russian Federation from negative consequences Unreliable measurement results. SECTION I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Key concepts For the purposes of this Law, the following basic concepts apply: unity of measurement is the state of measurements in which their results are expressed in legalized units of measurement and measurement errors. out of the specified bounds with a given probability; measurement tool is a technical device intended for measurement; unit of measure unit is a measurement tool designed to be used for reproduction and storage units of measure (or multiples of unit values) for the purpose of the transfer of its size to other means of measurement of this value; State standard unit of unit of measure is the benchmark of the unit of measure recognized by the decision of the authorized State organ as the reference in the territory OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION metrological service-a set of activities and species Works aimed at ensuring the unity of measurement; metrological control and supervision-activities carried out by the State Metrology Service (state metrology and monitoring) or metrological service a legal entity in order to verify compliance with the established metrology rules and regulations; the measurement tool is a set of operations performed by the organs of the State metrology service (other commissioners) organs, bodies and organizations) for the purpose of identifying and reaffirming Conformity of the measuring instrument to the installed specifications; calibration of the measuring instrument is a set of operations performed to determine and validate the actual values of the metrological characteristics and (or) suitability for the use of a measurement tool that is not subject to public metrological control and supervision; certificate of type approval certificate-document issued by a public authority, certifying that this type of measuring instrument has been approved in order, in accordance with the legislation in force and complies with the requirements; accreditation to the right of verification of the means of measurement is the official recognition of the authorized State authority to execute { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field { \field } { \field } { \field { \field } { \field { \field { \field { \field N 15-FZ a calibration certificate-a document certifying the actuality and calibration of the measuring instrument, which is issued by the calibration organization. Article 2. Legislation of the Russian Federation on ensuring the unity of dimensions Regulation of relations related to ensuring the unity of measurements in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the Constitution OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 3. International treaties If an international treaty of the Russian Federation sets out rules other than those contained in the legislation of the Russian Federation on ensuring the unity of measurement, the rules of international law apply of the treaty. Article 4. The State Management of Ensuring Unity of Measure 1. The Russian Federation Committee on Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Gosstandardisation of the Russian Federation) carries out the State management of the activities for ensuring the unity of measurement in the Russian Federation. 2. The competence of the State standard of Russia includes: interregional and cross-sectoral coordination of activities to ensure the unity of dimensions in the Russian Federation; presenting proposals to the Government of the Russian Federation on units permitted to apply; set rules for the creation, approval, storage and application of units of units of measures; definition of common metrology requirements for the means, methods and results of measurements; implementation of the State metrology monitoring and oversight; to monitor compliance with the terms of the international agreements of the Russian Federation on the recognition of test results and the verification of measurement tools; Metrological service and other public services for the unity of measurement; participation in the activities of international organizations in the field of ensuring the unity of measurements. Article 5. Normative documents on ensuring unity of dimensions 1. In accordance with this Law and other legislation of the Russian Federation, the Russian State Standard approves normative documents for the unity of measurement, establishing metrological rules and regulations and binding THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. It is possible to approve the normative documents for ensuring the unity of measures of the State standard of the Russian Federation and the Russian State Authorities concerned, responsible for the application of these documents in the mandates entrusted to them. The fields of control. SECTION II UNITS) AVERAGE MEANS AND METHODES OF MEASUREMENT Article 6. Units of Measure 1. In the Russian Federation, units of units of the International System of Units adopted by the General Conference on measures and scales recommended by the International Organization of Legal Metrology may be applied in due course. Names, designations and rules of writing of units of magnitude, as well as the rules for their application in the territory of the Russian Federation, shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation, except as provided for in the legislation. of the Russian Federation. The Government of the Russian Federation may be admitted on an equal footing with units of the International System of Units of non-system units. 2. The characteristics and parameters of the products supplied for export, including the means of measurement, can be expressed in units of values determined by the customer. Article 7. State benchmarks of units of measure State benchmarks of units of values are used as the reference for reproduction and storage of units of values for the transfer of their size to all means of measurement of the values in the territory of the Russian Federation. State benchmarks of units of magnitude are exclusive federal property, subject to approval by Gosstandpoints of Russia and are under its jurisdiction. Article 8. Measurement Tools 1. The measurement tools shall be used to determine the values for which the units have been approved for use in the Russian Federation and shall be in accordance with the conditions of service and requirements. 2. The decision to assign a technical device to the means of measurement and to establish intervals between inspection will be made by the State Standard of the Russian Federation. Article 9. Measurement techniques Measurements shall be performed according to the validated methods. The procedure for the development and certification of measurement methods is defined by Gosstandpoints of Russia. SECTION III METRIC SERVICE Article 10. The State Metrology Service and other Unity State Services measuring 1. The State Metrology Service is responsible for the State standard of the Russian Federation and includes: State scientific metrology centres; bodies of the State Metrology Service on the territory of the republics The Russian Federation, the Autonomous Regions, the Autonomous Regions, the Regions, the Regions and the Cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg. The State standard of the Russian Federation is the State Service of Time and Frequency and the Definition of Rotation of the Earth (GVHF), the State Service of Standard specimes of the composition and properties of substances and materials (GDSN), and The State Service of Standard Reference Data on Physical constants and substances and materials (GDSN) and the coordination of their activities. 2. The State scientific metrology centres are responsible for the creation, improvement, storage and use of State benchmarks of units of measure, as well as for the development of normative instruments for the unity of measurement. 3. The organs of the State Metrology Service carry out state metrology control and supervision in the constituent territories of the Russian Federation, the autonomous region, autonomous prefects, regions, regions and cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg. 4. The State Service of Time and Frequency and the Definition of Rotation of the Earth undertakes interregional and cross-sectoral coordination of work to ensure the unity of time measurements, frequency and determination of the parameters of rotation of the Earth. 5. The public service of standard samples and properties of substances and materials undertakes interregional and cross-sectoral coordination of work on the development and implementation of standard samples of composition and properties of substances and materials in the branches of the national economy The Conference of the United Nations Conference on the Rights of the 6. The public service of standard reference data on physical constants and properties of substances and materials carries out cross-regional and cross-sectoral co-ordination of work on the development and implementation of standard reference data on physical constants and the properties of substances and materials in science and technology in order to ensure the unity of measurements on the basis of their application. 7. The provisions on the organizations and bodies of the State Metrology and State Services for the Unity of Measure listed in paragraphs 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of this Article shall be approved by this Law. The Government of the Russian Federation. Article 11. The Metrological Services of the State Organs of the Russian Federation and Legal Persons 1. The State administration of the Russian Federation, as well as enterprises, organizations and institutions that are legal entities, shall establish, as appropriate, the metrology services for the implementation of the work of the Unity and the required accuracy of measurements and for metrological control and supervision. When performing work in the areas covered by article 13 of this Law, the establishment of metrological services or other organizational structures to ensure the unity of the measurements is obligatory. The rights and duties of the metrological services are determined by the provisions approved by the heads of the State administration of the Russian Federation or legal persons in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Metrological control and supervision is performed by metrological services of legal persons by: calibration of measuring tools; supervision of state and application of measurement tools, validated methods of execution measurements, references of units of measures used to calibrating the measuring instruments, the observance of the metrological rules and regulations, standard documents for the unity of measurements; issue of mandatory requirements aimed at Prevention, termination or elimination of violations of metrological Regulations and rules; check the timeliness of measurement tools for testing for the type approval of measurement tools, and for inspection and calibration. SECTION IV PUBLIC METROLOGICAL CONTROL AND OVERSIGHT Article 12. Types of State metrology control and supervision 1. State metrological control and supervision is carried out by the State Metrology Service of the State Service of the Russian Federation. 2. The State metrological control includes: approval of a type of measurement tool; believe the measuring tools, including references; licensing the activities of legal entities and individuals The manufacture and repair of measuring equipment. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 10 January 2003, N 15-FZ 3. The State metrological supervision is carried out: Release, condition and application of measurement tools, validated measurement methods, benchmarks of units of measures, compliance with metrology rules and norms; for the quantity of goods to be excluded from trading; for the quantity of packaged goods in packages of any kind when they are packaged and sold. Article 13. The public metrology control and supervision of the State metrology control and supervision of the State metrological control and supervision apply to the following: Health, Veterinary, Environmental Protection, Occupational Safety and Security; Trade transactions and mutual settlements between buyer and seller, including operations involving the use of slot machines and devices; public accounts; State defence; geodetic and hydrometeorological operations; banking, tax, customs and postal operations; Russian legislation; testing and quality control to determine compliance with mandatory requirements of Russian Federation State standards; mandatory certification of products and services; measurements, on behalf of the courts, the prosecution service, the arbitral tribunal, the State administration of the Russian Federation; and the registration of national and international sports records. Normative acts of the republics of the Russian Federation, the autonomous region, autonomous regions, territories, regions, cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg State metrology control and supervision may be extended to other countries. fields of activity. Article 14. Assertion of the measurement tool type 1. In the areas of extension of State metrological control and supervision, the measurement instruments shall be subjected to mandatory tests, followed by the approval of the type of measuring instrument. The decision to approve the type of measurement tools shall be taken by the State standard of the Russian Federation and certified by the certificate of approval of the type of measurement tools. The validity of this certificate is set when it is issued by the Russian State Standard. The approved type of measuring tool is entered in the State Register of Measurement Tools, which is maintained by the State standard of the Russian Federation. 2. Testing of means of measurement for the purposes of approval of the type shall be carried out by the State scientific metrology centres of the State standard of the Russian Federation accredited by them as State centres for testing of means of measurement. Other specialized organizations can be accredited by the decision of the State Committee of the Russian Federation as State testing centers. 3. In order to perform the tests, the sample of the measuring instruments with the relevant regulatory and operational documents shall be submitted in accordance with the procedure established by the State standard of the Russian Federation. 4. The conformity of measuring devices to an approved type in the territory of the Russian Federation is controlled by the bodies of the State Metrology at the location of manufacturers or users. 5. The approved type of measurements and the operating documents accompanying each instance shall be marked with the approval mark of the type of measurement tools of the prescribed form. 6. Information about the approval of the type of measurement tools and the decision to cancel it are published in the official publications of the State Committee of the Russian Federation. Article 15. Surface of measurement tools 1. The measuring tools subject to State metrological control and supervision shall be subjected to inspection by the organs of the State Metrology Service from the manufacture or repair of the import and operation. Only charge d' affaires is allowed to be sold and issued. The lists of the group of measuring instruments subject to inspection are approved by the Russian State Standard. 2. According to the decision of the State Committee of the Russian Federation, the right of means of measurement can be granted to accredited metrology services of legal entities. The operation of these metrological services is carried out in accordance with the legislation and regulations in force in order to ensure the unity of the measurements. The procedure for accreditation shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. The activity performed by the accredited metrology services of legal entities is controlled by the bodies of the State Metrology at the place where these legal entities are located. 3. The surface of the measuring devices shall be carried out by an individual who has been certified as a representative organ of the State Metrology Service. It is the responsibility of the Public Metrology Service or the legal entity, the metrological service, to ensure the improper performance of the probing work and the failure to comply with the requirements of the relevant regulations. that have been performed in a span of time. 4. In the areas of extension of State metrological control and supervision, legal and natural persons issuing means of measuring from production or repair that use the means of measuring and using them for the purpose of operating, renting or using them sales are required to present the measurement tools in a timely way. The order of presentation of the measuring equipment is established by Gosstandoff of Russia. 5. Positive results from the verification of the measuring equipment shall be certified by the verification mark or the inspection certificate. The shape of the oat and the inspection certificate, the order of the mark is set by the Russian State Standard. 6. The executive branch of the region is obliged to provide assistance to its members, including: to provide them with the necessary assistance, in the performance of the span work in the territory of the individual region: appropriate rooms; provide them with support personnel and transport; notify all owners and users of the measurement tools about the time of the Reap. Article 16. Licensing of manufacturing activities and repair of measuring tools Activities for the manufacturing and repair of measuring tools used in the public metrology area Control and supervision can be carried out by legal and natural persons only if a licence is granted in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation. (Article in the wording of Federal Law dated 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ) Article 17. State metrological oversight of output, state and application of measurement tools, validated measurement methods, standards, compliance with metrological rules, and norms State metrological supervision of the release, state and application of measurement tools, validated measurement methods, benchmarks, and compliance with metrology rules and regulations are carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the State Gosstandout of Russia. Article 18. State metrology control number of goods disposed of in the commission of the trade State metrological supervision of the number of goods disposed of in the commission of trade operations shall be carried out in order to determine the mass, volume, flow or other values of the quantities of these goods. The procedure for carrying out this type of state metrology is established by the State standard of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 19. State metrological oversight of the number of packaged goods in packages of any when they are packaged and sold State metrological oversight of the number of packaged goods in packages Any form of packaging and sale shall be carried out in cases where the contents of the package cannot be modified without opening or deforming, and the mass, volume, length, area or other values indicating the quantity of the goods contained in the package, marked on the package. The procedure for carrying out this type of state metrology is established by the State standard of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 20. Rights and duties of State inspectors to ensure the unity of dimensions 1. State metrological control and supervision are carried out by officials of the State standard of the Russian Federation-the main state inspectors and state inspectors for ensuring the unity of the Russian Federation, the republics of Russia and the Russian Federation The Federation, the Autonomous Regions, the Autonomous Regions, the Regions, the Regions, the Cities of Moscow and St Petersburg (hereinafter referred to as State inspectors). The implementation of State metrological control and supervision may be entrusted to State inspectors for the supervision of State standards, which are in force in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and as State inspectors for the unity of measurement. State inspectors shall be subject to certification as agents. 2. State inspectors working in the relevant territory State metrological control and supervision, shall be free to visit the facilities where they are operated; are manufactured, repaired, sold, maintained or maintained, regardless of the subordination and form of ownership of those objects; check the conformity of units of value used in the application; reconcile measurement tools, check their condition and conditions Apply, and match the approved type of measurement tools; check the application of validated measurement methods, the status of benchmarks used to validate measurement tools; check the quantity goods to be excluded from trade; select products and products, as well as packaged goods in packages of any kind for supervision; to use technology and attract personnel subject to State metrological control and Oversight. 3. In detecting violations of metrological rules and regulations, the public inspector has the right: to prohibit the use and release of means of measuring unapproved types or non-approved types, as well as unreconciled; extinguate the rotated limes or revoke the inspection certificate in cases where the measuring tool gives incorrect reading or has an interspan interval; , if necessary, remove the measurement tool from service; (Paragraph 5 is excluded-Federal law dated 10.01.2003 N 15-FZ) make mandatory requirements and set deadlines for the elimination of violations of metrology rules and regulations; draw up protocols on violations of metrological rules and regulations. Article 21. State inspectors ' responsibility 1. State inspectors who perform State-based metrology control and supervision are obliged to strictly comply with the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as the provisions of the normative instruments for the unity of measurement and public administration. Metrological control and supervision. State inspectors may be held liable for failure or improper performance of official duties, abuse of authority and other violations, including disclosure of State or commercial secrets; OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Complaints about the conduct of State inspectors are filed within 20 days of their taking decisions to that organ of the State Metrology Service, to which they are subordinate, or to a higher authority. Complaints are dealt with and decided upon within one month of the date of the complaint. " The actions of State inspectors may also be appealed to the courts in due course. 3. The appeal against the actions of State inspectors does not stop the implementation of their regulations. Article 22. Assistance to the State Inspector Legal and natural persons are obliged to assist the State Inspector in the performance of his duties. Individuals who impede the exercise of State metrology and oversight are liable in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. SECTION V CALIBRATION AND CERTIFICATION OF THE MEASUREMENT OF MEASUREMENTS Article 23. Calibration of the measuring tools 1. The measurement tools that are not subject to inspection may be calibrated upon release from production or repair, importing, operating, renting and selling. Calibration of the measuring tools is performed by metrological services of legal persons using reference standards subordinating to the state references of units of values. The calibration results shall be certified by a calibration sign applied to the measuring tools, or a calibration certificate, as well as the records in service documents. 2. On the basis of contracts concluded with state scientific metrology centres or bodies of the State Metrology Service, interested metrology services of legal persons may be accredited to the right to conduct calibration Work. In these cases, accredited metrology services of legal entities are granted the authority to issue calibration certificates on behalf of the bodies and organizations that have accredited them. Responsibility for the improper performance of the calibration work shall be the responsibility of legal entities whose metrological services are calibrated. In the case of disputes in court, arbitral tribunal, State administration of the Russian Federation, the results of the calibration in a proper manner may be used as evidence. 3. The calibration activity of the accredited metrology services of legal entities is monitored by the state scientific metrology centers or bodies of the State Metrology Service in accordance with the terms of the concluded contracts. 4. The procedure for accreditation to the performance of the calibration work and the issuance of a calibration or calibration symbol shall be established by the Gosstandpoints of the Russian Federation. Article 24. The certification of measurement tools The voluntary certification of measuring instruments shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. SECTION VI RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATION OF THE PROVISIONS Article 25. Criminal, administrative or civil liability Legal and natural persons, as well as State authorities of the Russian Federation responsible for violations of the provisions of this Act, shall be liable to criminal, administrative or civil liability. SECTION VII FINANCING OF THE UNIT OF MEASUREMENT Article 26. Mandatory public funding 1. Mandatory public funding is: Design, development, storage and application of state benchmarks; fundamental research in metrology; related to the activities of HFCVs, the GDSN and the GSCC; content, acquisition and development of equipment necessary for the equipment of the State Metrology Service; -normative instruments for the unity of measurements; work on public metrological supervision. 2. In the development of federal and other state programs financed in whole or in part from the national budget of the Russian Federation, including programmes for the creation and development of defence production, there must be provides the metrological partitions. Article 27. Payment of metrological works and services Metrological works and services provided to legal and natural persons by the state scientific metrology centers and bodies of the State Metrology Service of the State Standard of the Russian Federation: tests for the subsequent approval of the type of measuring instruments, the measurement of means of measurement, calibration of measuring tools, certification of measurement methods, evaluation of regulatory documents, accreditation of metrology services and laboratories, etc. services are paid by the persons concerned in accordance with Terms and conditions of contracts. (In the wording of Federal Law of 10.01.2003) N 15-FZ) President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin , House of the Russian Federation 27 April 1993 N 4871-1