On Ensuring The Uniformity Of Measurements

Original Language Title: Об обеспечении единства измерений

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102023067

Lost force since January 1, 2009 year-federal law from 26.06.2008 N 102-ФЗ w and c o n RUSSIAN Federation on ensuring the uniformity of measurements (as amended by the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) this Act establishes the legal framework for ensuring the uniformity of measurements in the Russian Federation regulates the relations of the State bodies of the Russian Federation management with legal and physical persons on manufacturing , production, operation, repair, sale and import of means of measurements and aims to protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens established the rule of law and the economy of the Russian Federation from the negative consequences of invalid measurement results.
Section I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Basic concepts for the purposes of this Act, the following basic concepts of unity of measurements-State measurements, in which the results are expressed in legal units and measurement errors are within the established boundaries with a specified probability;
the means of measurement technology device designed for measurements;
unit standard measurement tool designed for playback and storage units (or multiples of either dolne values unit) with a view to conveying it to the size of other means of measurement of this magnitude;
State unit standard-unit standard, accepted the decision of the authorized State body as a source on the territory of the Russian Federation;
normative documents on maintenance of unity of measurements-State standards that apply in the prescribed manner the International (regional) standards, rules, regulations, instructions and recommendations;
metrological service-a set of actors and types of work aimed at ensuring the uniformity of measurements;
metrological control and supervision-the activities carried out by the authority of the state metrological service (the state metrological control and supervision) or metrological service of legal persons in order to verify compliance with metrological rules and norms;
calibration of measuring tools-a set of operations performed by the organs of the state metrological service (other authorized organs, organizations) with a view to identifying means of measurements and conformity to the established technical requirements;
calibration of measuring tools-a set of operations performed to identify and confirm the actual values of metrological characteristics and (or) suitability to use measuring tools, not subject to the state metrological control and supervision;
pattern approval certificate of measuring instruments-document issued by the authorized State body, certifying that the type of measuring instruments adopted in accordance with the effective legislation, and complies with the established requirements;
accreditation at the right checking means of measurements-official recognition of the authorized State body the authority to perform calibration works;
(Thirteenth paragraph of ineffective federal law from 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) calibration certificate is a document, certifying the results of calibration and measuring tools, which is issued to the organization carrying out the calibration.
Article 2. The legislation of the Russian Federation on ensuring the uniformity of measurements regulation of relations connected with the maintenance of unity of measurements in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation implemented this law and adopted in accordance with the legislative acts of the Russian Federation.
Article 3. International treaties if an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those contained in the legislation of the Russian Federation on ensuring the uniformity of measurements, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
Article 4. Public administration maintenance of unity of measurements 1. State management activities to ensure uniformity of measurements in the Russian Federation the Russian Federation Committee on standardisation, metrology and certification (Gosstandart of Russia).
2. the competence of the Gosstandard of Russia include: inter-regional and inter-branch coordination of activity on maintenance of unity of measurements in the Russian Federation;
submission of proposals to the Government of the Russian Federation units permitted for use;
establishment of the rules of creation, approval, storage and application of standards of units;
definition of the General metrological requirements to means, methods and results of measurements;
realization of the state metrological control and supervision;
implementation of monitoring of international treaties of the Russian Federation on the recognition of test results and verification of measuring instruments;
leadership of the state metrological service and other public services ensuring the uniformity of measurements;
participation in the activities of international organizations on maintenance of unity of measurements.
Article 5. Normative documents on maintenance of unity of measurements 1. In accordance with this law and other legislative acts of the Russian Federation, Gosstandart of Russia approves the regulations on maintenance of unity of measurements, establishing metrological rules and norms and which are binding on the territory of the Russian Federation.
2. approval of regulations on maintenance of unity of measurements, Gosstandart of Russia and the concerned State authorities of the Russian Federation responsible for the application of these instruments in their areas of control.
SECTION II UNITS.
The tools and techniques of MEASUREMENT Article 6. Unit values 1. In the Russian Federation in accordance with the established procedure are allowed to use units units of the international system of units, adopted by the General Conference on weights and measures recommended by the international organization of legal metrology.
The names, designations and rules for writing units, as well as rules for their application in the territory of the Russian Federation shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation, except for cases stipulated by legislative acts of the Russian Federation.
The Government of the Russian Federation may be approved for use on a par with the international system of units units units units units.
2. the characteristics and parameters of products, exported, including means of measurements that can be expressed in the units specified by the customer.
Article 7. National standards national standards of units of measurement units are used as source for playback and storage units with a view to transmitting them to the size of all measured data values on the territory of the Russian Federation.
National standards of units are the exclusive federal property, shall be approved by the Gosstandart of Russia and are in its custody.
Article 8. The means of measurement 1. Measuring tools are used to determine the quantities, units which are approved for use in accordance with the established procedure in the Russian Federation and shall comply with the conditions and requirements.
2. Decision on the designation of technical devices to measuring instruments and the establishment of the intervals between verifications takes Gosstandart of Russia.
Article 9. Methods of measurement measurements shall be carried out in accordance with the certified in the prescribed manner techniques.
Procedure for development and certification of techniques of performance of measurements is determined by Gosstandart of Russia.
SECTION III METROLOGICAL SERVICES Article 10. State Metrology service and other public services ensuring the uniformity of measurements 1. State Metrology service is administered by the Gosstandard of Russia and includes: State scientific metrology centres;
organs of the state metrological service on the territory of the republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Gosstandart of Russia administers the State service of time and frequencies and Earth rotation parameters determination (SSTF), the State service of reference materials of composition and properties of substances and materials (SSSS) and the State service for standard reference data on physical constants and properties of substances and materials (REFERENCE DATA) and the coordination of their activities.
2. State scientific metrology centres are responsible for the establishment, improvement, storage and application of State measurement standards, and the development of normative documents on maintenance of unity of measurements.

3. the organs of the state metrological service implement state metrological control and supervision on the territories of the republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
4. the State service of time and frequencies and Earth rotation parameters determination is carrying out an interregional and intersectoral coordination of works on maintenance of unity of measurements of time, frequency and the Earth rotation parameters determination.
5. the State service of reference materials of composition and properties of substances and materials is carrying out an interregional and intersectoral coordination of works on the development and implementation of reference materials of composition and properties of substances and materials in industries with a view to ensuring uniformity of measurements on the basis of their application.
6. The State service for standard reference data on physical constants and properties of substances and materials is carrying out an interregional and intersectoral coordination of works on the development and implementation of standard reference data on physical constants and properties of substances and materials in science and technology for ensuring the uniformity of measurements on the basis of their application.
7. the provisions of the organizations and bodies of the state metrological service and other public services ensuring the uniformity of measurements referred to in paragraphs 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of this article shall be adopted in accordance with the present law, the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Metrological services of State authorities of the Russian Federation and legal persons 1. Governmental bodies of the Russian Federation, as well as enterprises, organizations, institutions, which are legal entities, create, where appropriate, in the prescribed manner Metrology Services for performance of works on maintenance of unity of measurements and the required accuracy and for implementation of metrological control and supervision.
When doing work in the areas referred to in article 13 of this law, the establishment of metrological services or other institutional structures for ensuring the uniformity of measurements is required.
The rights and obligations of Metrology Services are governed by the regulations on them, approved by the heads of Government of the Russian Federation or legal persons in the manner prescribed by the Russian Government.
2. Metrological control and metrological services of legal supervision is exercised by: calibration of measuring instruments;
surveillance and the use of measuring instruments, measurement methods, certified standards of measurement units used for calibration of measuring instruments, compliance with metrological rules and norms, normative documents on maintenance of unity of measurements;
issuing mandatory regulations aimed at preventing, stopping or removing violations of metrological rules and norms;
Verify the timeliness of the measuring instruments on the test for type approval of measuring instruments, as well as calibration and calibration.
SECTION IV of the STATE METROLOGICAL control and supervision Article 12. Types of state metrological control and supervision 1. State metrological control and supervision of the state metrological service of Gosstandart of Russia.
2. State metrological control includes: type approval of measuring instruments;
calibration of measuring instruments, including standards;
licensing of businesses and individuals in the manufacture and repair of means of measurements. (As amended by the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ)
3. State metrological supervision is exercised: for release, condition and application of measuring instruments certified measurement methods, standards of measurement units, compliance with metrological rules and norms;
the number of goods condemned while conducting trade operations;
the number of prepackages in packages of any kind in their packaging and sale.
Article 13. Diffusion of the state metrological control and supervision the state metrological control and supervision to verify compliance with metrological rules and norms apply to: public health, animal health, environmental safety, Wednesday;
trading and mutual settlements between buyer and seller, including operations with the use of slot machines and devices;
Government accounting operations;
ensuring the defence of the State;
GEODESIC and hydro-meteorological work;
banking, tax, customs, and postal operations;
manufacture of products supplied under contracts for public use in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;
testing and quality control in order to determine the suitability of the mandatory requirements of the State standard of the Russian Federation;
mandatory certification of products and services;
measurements carried out on the instructions of the organs of the Court, the public prosecutor's Office, Court of arbitration, the Government of the Russian Federation;
registration of national and international sporting records.
Normative acts of the republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St.-Petersburg State metrological control and supervision could be extended to other spheres of activity.
Article 14. Type approval of measuring instruments 1. In the areas of distribution of the state metrological control and supervision are subjected to mandatory testing of measuring instruments with the subsequent type approval of measuring instruments.
Decision on approval of the type of measuring instruments was adopted by Gosstandart of Russia and verifies certificate of type approval of measuring instruments. The period of validity of this certificate is set when his extradition by Gosstandart of Russia.
Type approved measuring instruments entered in the State Register of measuring instruments, who leads the Gosstandart of Russia.
2. Testing of measuring instruments for the purposes of the approval shall be carried out by the State scientific metrology centres of Gosstandart of Russia accredited as State centres testing of measuring instruments.
The decision of Gosstandart of Russia as a State testing centers measuring instruments can be accredited and other specialized organizations.
3. For testing the samples of measuring instruments with the appropriate regulatory and operational documents must be submitted in the manner prescribed by the Gosstandart of Russia order.
4. conformity of measuring instruments with the approved pattern on Russian Federation territory controlled by the authorities of the state metrological service by location of manufacturers or users.
5. On the means of measurement of an approved type and operational documents that accompany each instance shall sign of type approval of measuring instruments in the prescribed form.
6. information on type approval of measuring instruments and decide on its cancellation shall be published in the official publications of Gosstandart of Russia.
Article 15. Calibration of measurement tools 1. Measuring instruments that are subject to the state metrological control and supervision, are subject to verification by the state metrological service with the release of production or repair upon importation to import and use. Allowed extradition only rental and sale agents means of measurement.
Lists groups of measuring instruments subject to verification, approved by the Gosstandart of Russia.
2. on the decision of Gosstandart of Russia the right of checking means of measurements can be granted accredited metrological services of legal persons. These activities of metrological services is carried out in accordance with current legislation and regulations on maintenance of unity of measurements. Accreditation is defined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Testing activities carried out by the accredited metrological services of legal persons is controlled by the authorities of the state metrological service of the domicile of legal persons.
3. Checking means of measurements is carried out by a natural person, certified as a verification body of the state metrological service.
Responsibility for improper performance of verification work and failure to comply with the requirements of the relevant regulatory documents shall bear the relevant authority of the state metrological service or entity which performed calibration service metrology work.
4. In the areas of distribution of the state metrological control and supervision of legal entities and individuals that produce measurement tools of production or repair, bringing measuring tools and using them for the purpose of exploitation, sale or rental, are obliged to submit timely measuring tools in practice.
Presentation of measurement tools to the test set by Gosstandart of Russia.
5. the positive results of the verification of measuring instruments certified poveritel′nym stigma or evidence of verification.

Form poveritel′nogo hallmarks and the certificate of verification, the procedure for applying poveritel′nogo hallmarks are installed by Gosstandart of Russia.
6. When you run the verification work on the territory of the region with on-site operation of means of measurements is the Executive authority of the region to render poveritelâm assistance, including: provide appropriate premises;
to ensure their support staff and transport;
notify all owners and users of measuring instruments of time checking.
Article 16. Licensing of production and repair of measuring instruments manufacturing activities and repair of measuring instruments applied in the areas of distribution of the state metrological control and supervision can be carried out by legal entities and physical persons only if there is a license issued in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) Article 17. State metrological supervision release condition and application of measuring instruments certified measurement methods, standards, compliance with metrological rules and norms of the state metrological supervision release condition and application of measuring instruments certified measurement methods, standards, observance of metrological rules and norms carried out as prescribed by Gosstandart of Russia.
Article 18. State metrological supervision of the quantity of goods condemned while transactions state metrological supervision for quantity of goods condemned while performing trading operations are carried out in order to determine the mass, volume, flow, or other values that characterize the quantity of these goods.
The procedure for conducting this type of state metrological supervision shall be established by the Gosstandart of Russia in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. State metrological supervision of the quantity of packaged goods in packages of any kind in their packaging and sale of state metrological supervision of the quantity of packaged goods in packages of any kind in their packaging and selling is done in cases where the contents cannot be altered without opening or deformation, and the mass, volume, length, area, or other values that indicate the amount of product contained in the package are marked on the package.
The procedure for conducting this type of state metrological supervision shall be established by the Gosstandart of Russia in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 20. The rights and duties of the State inspectors on maintenance of unity of measurements 1. State metrological control and supervision exercised by officials of the Gosstandard of Russia-Chief State inspectors and State inspectors on maintenance of unity of measurements of the Russian Federation, republics of the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg (hereinafter referred to as government inspectors).
Realization of the state metrological control and supervision can be entrusted to State inspectors to oversee State standards, operating in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and appraised as State inspectors on maintenance of unity of measurements.
Government inspectors carrying out calibration of measuring instruments, subject to certification as a verification officers.
2. Government inspectors carrying out the respective territory the state metrological control and supervision, unimpeded, upon presentation of i.d.: attend the objects where the exploited, manufactured, repaired, sold or stored contains measuring tools regardless of subordination and forms of ownership of these objects;
check whether the used units admitted for application;
check the measuring tools, check their condition and conditions of use, as well as compliance with approved measuring instruments;
check the application certified measurement procedures, the status of the standards used for the calibration of measuring instruments;
check the number of alienable goods when executing trading operations;
take samples of products and goods, as well as packaged goods in packages of any kind for oversight;
use the technical means and to attract staff of the object subjected to the state metrological control and supervision.
3. At revealing of infringements of metrological rules and norms of the State Comptroller has the right to prohibit the use and production of means of measurements unapproved types or do not conform to the approved type, as well as nepoverennyh;
douse poveritel′nye hallmarks or cancel the certificate of verification in cases where the means of measurement gives incorrect readings or expired calibration interval;
If necessary, seize the means of measurement of exploitation;
(Paragraph five excluded the Federal law from 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) to give mandatory requirements and to establish time frames for eliminating violations of metrological rules and norms;
make up protocols on violation of metrological rules and norms.
Article 21. Responsibility of the State inspectors 1. Government inspectors carrying out the state metrological control and supervision, must strictly abide by the laws of the Russian Federation, as well as the provisions of the regulations on maintenance of unity of measurements and the state metrological control and supervision.
For nonperformance or improper performance of duties, abuse of power and for other violations, including disclosing State or business secrets, government inspectors may be prosecuted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Complaints about the conduct of the State inspectors served in 20 days from the date of adoption of the decisions on the authority of the state metrological service which they direct are subject to, or to a higher authority. Complaints are examined and decisions are taken within one month from the date of the filing of the complaint.
State inspectors also may be in the prescribed manner appealed in court.
3. The appeal of actions of the State inspectors shall not suspend implementation of their provisions.
Article 22. Promotion of public Inspector of legal and physical persons are obliged to assist State Inspector in carrying out his duties. Persons impeding the state metrological control and supervision shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Section V of the calibration and CERTIFICATION of MEASURING INSTRUMENTS Article 23. Calibration of measuring instruments 1. Measuring tools, cannot be verified, can be calibrated with the release of production or repair upon importation, import, sales and rentals.
Calibration of metrological services of legal persons is carried out using companion standards, State standards of units.
The results of the calibration of measuring instruments certified calibration mark put on the means of measurement, or a certificate of calibration as well as record maintenance documents.
2. On the basis of contracts concluded with public bodies or centres of metrological research of the state metrological service concerned metrological services of legal persons may be accredited for the right to carry out calibration work.
In these cases, the accredited metrological services of legal persons are granted the right to issue calibration certificates on behalf of their organizations and accredited.
Responsibility for improper performance gauge works bear the metrological services of legal persons, which performed the calibration work.
When considering disputes in court, Arbitration Court, the Government of the Russian Federation the results of calibration, designed properly, can be used as evidence.
3. Calibration activities of the accredited metrological services of legal persons is controlled by the State scientific metrology centres or bodies of the state metrological service in accordance with the terms of the treaties.
4. Accreditation to perform calibration work and issuing a certificate of calibration or calibration mark, requirements for performing the calibration works installed by Gosstandart of Russia.
Article 24. Certification of measuring instruments voluntary certification of measuring instruments shall be conducted in accordance with legislative acts of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VI LIABILITY for VIOLATION of the PROVISIONS OF THIS LAW Article 25. Criminal, administrative or civil liability

Legal and natural persons, as well as governmental bodies of the Russian Federation, guilty of violating the provisions of this law, shall be borne in accordance with the current legislation of criminal, administrative or civil liability.
SECTION VII FINANCING of WORKS on MAINTENANCE of UNITY of MEASUREMENTS Article 26. Compulsory public financing 1. Compulsory public financing shall be: the development, enhancement, storage and application of the State standards of units;
fundamental research in the field of metrology;
work related to the operation of the SSTF, SSSS and REFERENCE DATA;
content acquisition and development of equipment necessary for the equipping of the organs of the state metrological service;
Development approved by the Gosstandart of Russia regulations on maintenance of unity of measurements;
work on the state metrological supervision.
2. in the development of federal and other government programmes financed wholly or partially from the funds of the Republican budget of the Russian Federation, including the creation and development of production of Defense products, must be provided assurance topics.
Article 27. Payment of metrological works and services of Metrological work and services rendered to legal entities and individuals in State scientific metrology centres and bodies of the state metrological service of Gosstandart of Russia: testing for subsequent type approval of measuring instruments, calibration of measuring instruments, measuring instruments calibration and certification of measurement procedures, examination of normative documents, accreditation of metrological services and laboratories, other services, paid for by the persons concerned in accordance with the terms of the contracts. (As amended by the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ), the President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin Moscow, Russia House Tips April 27, 1993 N 4871-I