On The State Protection Of The Supreme Bodies Of State Power Of The Russian Federation And Their Officials

Original Language Title: О государственной охране высших органов государственной власти Российской Федерации и их должностных лиц

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102023110

Expired-the Federal law dated 27.05.96 N 57-FZ z and c o n RUSSIAN FEDERATION on State protection of the Supreme bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and their officials (as amended by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) this law determines the purpose of the State guard of the Supreme bodies of the legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officers, establishes the legal bases of and procedure for the activities of the federal bodies of State protection.
Section I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. State protection of State protection in accordance with this Act is a set of organizational, security, secure, investigative, technical and other measures implemented by the federal bodies of State protection with a view to ensuring the security of the highest bodies of the legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials.
Article 2. Legal basis the legal basis of the State guard of State protection shall be the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Russian Federation law "about security, this law, other legislative acts of the Russian Federation as well as international agreements that regulate legal relations in this sphere.
Article 3. The basic principles of the State guard of State protection is based on the principles of: the rule of law;
respect for rights, freedoms and lawful interests of individuals;
separation of powers;
coordination and collaboration with other security forces;
combining vowels and covert forms of activity;
personal responsibility;
unity of command;
accountability and oversight.
Article 4. The purpose of public safety, its implementation tools State protection designed to ensure the safety of the higher organs of legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials.
Security of the highest bodies of the legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials is achieved: a) the provision of officials of the highest government bodies-objects of the State guard-personal protection, special communications, transport, domestic and medical services (payment of food and clothing ensure is done at the expense of protected persons);
b) maintenance of public order in places of permanent and temporary residence of the highest State authorities and their officials;
in conducting security and other) of special protective measures in places of work of the Supreme bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and their officials;
g) protection of buildings, structures and adjoining to them territories, administered by the Supreme bodies of State power of the Russian Federation;
d) maintenance regime in buildings, structures, facilities and adjacent territories administered by the Supreme bodies of State power of the Russian Federation.
The higher organs of legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation to establish a regime in their buildings, structures, facilities and adjacent territories.
SECTION II PROTECTION of OBJECTS of STATE Article 5. State guard objects to objects of the State Guard are supreme legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and officials of these bodies, as well as other persons specified in this Act.
Article 6. The President of the Russian Federation, the highest authority of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation, since the election of State protection is available in places of permanent and temporary residence.
During the term of Office of the President of the Russian Federation State protection is available to family members living together with it or accompanying it.
The President of the Russian Federation during their term of Office may not refuse State guard. Upon expiry of the term of Office of the President of the Russian Federation provided personal protection for life.
Article 7. Officials of the Supreme bodies of the legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation State protection is available to the following officials of the Supreme bodies of the legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation (hereinafter officials): Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation;
The President Of The Constitutional Court Of The Russian Federation;
Vice President of the Russian Federation;
The Chairman Of The Council Of Ministers-Government Of The Russian Federation.
Specified officials State protection is available during the term of their permanent and temporary stay.
Addition of a list of officials specified in paragraph 1 of this article, shall be permitted only by law.
Article 8. Securing other objects of public safety for the State Federal State guard provides security for the following officers (during their term of Office) and citizens:

The President Of The Supreme Court Of The Russian Federation;
Chairman of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation;
Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation;
Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation;
The Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation;
citizens registered candidates for the post of the President of the Russian Federation, during the election campaign and the elections.
If necessary, other security officials the highest legislative (including people's deputies of the Russian Federation), the Executive (Ministers and others) and the judiciary (judges of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation) the authorities of the Russian Federation. The decision is made, respectively, by the Chambers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation, the President of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, or the President of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, or the Chairman of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation.
Safety of persons referred to in this article is provided by granting them the necessary funds from the complex listed in paragraph "a" of the second part of article 4 of this law on the basis of the degree of danger.
SECTION III of the FEDERAL BODIES of STATE protection, article 9. Federal public safety and their position in the security system of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of the State Guard are part of the security forces of the Russian Federation and directly implement the State protection of the Supreme bodies of the legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials.
Article 10. The interaction of the federal bodies of State protection with other State authorities of the Russian Federation Federal State guard provides security for the higher organs of legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials in the interaction among themselves and with other government bodies.
How the federal bodies of State security among themselves, as well as with other State bodies involved in the implementation of State protection within its competence, shall be established by the agreements between them and other normative acts.
Federal public safety coordinate the activities of the security forces of the Russian Federation in the sphere of State security.
Within the limits of its competence, the State also provided federal State security bodies, internal affairs agencies, the armed forces of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence bodies and other State security authorities, acting in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and coordinating its activities with federal bodies of State security.
Article 11. The procedure for the formation of the federal bodies of State security of federal bodies of the State Guard are formed on the basis of the principle of separation of legislative, Executive and judicial branches operate independently and on their own.
Decision on the establishment, reorganization, and abolishment of the federal bodies of State security to ensure the safety of higher organs of legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials, in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation "about security" was adopted, respectively, by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation and the President of the Russian Federation.
Decision on the establishment, reorganization, and abolishment of the federal body of the State guard to secure the highest organs of the judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials was adopted by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation or the President of the Russian Federation on the recommendation of the President of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation agreed with the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and Chairman of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation.
Organization and especially the activities of the federal bodies of State protection are regulated by laws and other normative acts relevant hereto. (Article 11 is not valid and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 12. Tasks and functions of federal bodies of State security tasks and functions of federal bodies of the State Guard are: forecasting and identification of threats to vital interests of public safety, implementation of complex operational and sustainable measures to prevent and neutralize them;
maintaining the readiness of the forces and capabilities;
management and tools for ensuring public safety and the Organization of interaction with other security forces;
identifying, preventing and suppressing unlawful encroachments on the objects of State protection;
personal security officers;

protection of buildings, structures and adjoining to them territories, administered by the Supreme bodies of State power of the Russian Federation, the maintenance of public order in these places;
provision within its field of competence, on the preservation of State secrets in the Office of the Supreme bodies of State power;
Prevention and suppression of crimes and administrative offenses on protected objects.
Article 13. The powers of the federal bodies of State security of federal institutions have the right to State protection: organize and implement security, performance, investigative, technical and other measures to protect the higher organs of legislative, Executive and judicial authorities of the Russian Federation and their officials in accordance with applicable law;
to attract the necessary forces and means to ensure security for the participation in the preparation and conduct of security activities;
fix own and other security forces and means any circumstances impeding the State protection;
carried out in buildings, structures, facilities and adjacent territories administered by the Supreme bodies of State power, as well as in places of permanent and temporary residence of the officers of the sanitary-hygienic, ecological, radiological and protivojepidemicheskij control;
authorize staff members of the federal bodies of State protection trained, possession, carrying service weapons and special means;
receive free of charge from public bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations the information necessary to meet the challenges of ensuring public safety;
exercise information-analytical ensuring of its activity;
to ensure their own security;
interact within their competence with the special services of foreign States;
to perform on a contractual basis, training and skills development in educational and research institutions;
to ensure fire safety.
The legitimate claims of federal employees of the State Guard are obligatory for execution by citizens and officials. Failure to meet these requirements, as well as acts, impeding federal officers of State security duties entrusted to them, lead to the liability established by law.
SECTION IV OFFICERS and employees of the FEDERAL BODIES of STATE protection, article 14. The staff of the federal bodies of State Security Officers of the federal bodies of State security are military and (or) staff of internal affairs bodies.
Order of acquisition of the federal bodies of State Guard soldiers and officers of the internal affairs agencies of the Russian Federation shall be determined by the legislation and other normative acts.
The armed forces of the federal bodies of State security is subject to the legislation of the Russian Federation on military service and the status of members of the armed forces, internal affairs officers-regulation on the service in the organs of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
The staff of the federal bodies of State security in the performance of their duties are representatives of the Government and are under the State protection.
No one except the direct and immediate superiors, has no right to interfere in the activities of the federal bodies of State conservation officers. Obstruction of the execution of their duties, the insult of honour and dignity, resist, threat or violence against federal employees of the State guard, assault on their lives, health and property in connection with their implementation of the performance management entail liability established by legislation of the Russian Federation.
The staff of the federal bodies of State protection may not be parties, public associations and mass movements that pursue political goals.
The staff of the federal bodies of State security are prohibited from engaging in business, as well as any other paid activity, with the exception of creative, research and teaching activities.
Article 15. Duties and rights of staff members of the federal bodies of State Security Officers of the federal bodies of State protection must: skillfully and accurately address their tasks;
to maintain the necessary level of professional and legal knowledge, physical and military training;
be polite and cooperative in their dealings with citizens.
The staff of the federal bodies of State security in the performance of their duties within the limits and in the manner stipulated by the law, have the right to demand from the citizens and officials of due process in the field of safety measures;
to identify, prevent and suppress crimes, administrative offences;

check citizens and officials have documents proving their identity;
delivering the police citizens if they have committed offences;
use in official communications, owned by enterprises, institutions, organizations, and in urgent cases, and citizens;
use for official purposes vehicles enterprises, institutions, organizations (other than vehicles, belonging to the diplomatic, consular and other representations of foreign States and international organizations) for the prevention of crime, pursuit and apprehension of offenders or suspected of committing it to provide those in need of urgent medical treatment in medical institutions, as well as to travel to the scene;
freely enter the dwelling or other premises belonging to citizens in the territory and premises of enterprises, institutions and organizations in curbing crimes endangering the State guard objects, as well as in prosecuting suspects in such crimes, if the delay may create a real danger to objects of State protection, followed by a message to the Prosecutor within 24 hours;
produce documentation, photography, sound recording, film and video facts and events, which is required in order to provide State protection of higher bodies of State authorities and their officials;
temporarily to restrict or prohibit the movement of transport and pedestrians on streets and roads, to prevent citizens in the individual areas and objects, oblige them to remain in specific areas or sites or to leave these areas or objects in order to ensure public safety.
The use of physical force, special means and firearms by the federal bodies of State protection is carried out in accordance with articles 12-16 Russian Federation Law "on police".
It is prohibited to bring federal employees of the State guard to perform functions that are not related to their official duties.
Article 16. Guarantees of personal safety and legal protection and State guard Federal employees employees of federal institutions have the right to State protection in compliance with the established order to use physical force, special means and firearms in self-defence.
An employee of the federal bodies of State security shall not be liable for moral, material and physical damage caused by them in connection with the application in cases prescribed by the law of physical force, special means and firearms, if protection is consistent with the nature and dangers of attacks on objects of State security or the officer of the federal bodies of State security.
In the performance of federal employee State guard duties not allowed his drive and administrative detention, as well as personal searches and inspect it in things used by vehicles without a representative of the appropriate federal body of State protection.
The State Guard officials distributed social guarantees stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation concerning the soldiers and officers of the internal affairs organs.
Article 17. The responsibility of federal employees of the State guard of nonperformance or improper performance of the staff of the federal bodies of State protection of their duties entail responsibility stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 18. Appealing against unlawful actions of federal employees of the State guard and caused them harm citizens and officials have the right to appeal against the actions of federal bodies of State security officials of these bodies, the Prosecutor or the Court if they consider that these actions resulted in the unlawful infringement of the rights or moral or material damage caused.
Article 19. Employees of the federal bodies of State security of civilian personnel officers-credited to federal bodies of State protection in accordance with the labour legislation of the Russian Federation.
Employees of the federal bodies of State security apply the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour and normative acts establishing the features of service in the system of federal organs of State security.
Title V funding and logistical support ACTIVITIES of the FEDERAL BODIES of STATE protection, article 20. Financing of the activities of the federal bodies of State financing of protection activities of the federal bodies of State security is financed from the federal budget of the Russian Federation provided for in a separate line for each federal authority.
Article 21. The logistics of the federal bodies of State security

The logistics of the federal bodies of State security is centralized. Land, buildings, structures, equipment and other property belonging to the federal bodies of State security are federal property.
SECTION VI of the control and supervision of the ACTIVITIES of the FEDERAL BODIES of STATE protection, article 22. Presidential control of the President of the Russian Federation, supervises the activities of the federal bodies of State protection, establishes control forms and the procedure for its implementation.
Article 23. Parliamentary control of the Russian Federation Supreme Council supervises the activities of the federal bodies of State security, either directly or through their bodies with responsibility for classified security matters. (Article 23 is not valid and should not apply in the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 24. Prosecutorial supervision supervision of the enforcement of the laws of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of State security of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation and the prosecutors subordinate to him.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin Moscow, Russia House Tips April 28, 1993 N 4884-I