On Arms

Original Language Title: Об оружии

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102023592

Expired-the Federal law dated 13.12.96 N 150-FZ z and c o n RUSSIAN FEDERATION on weapons (as amended by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) this Act regulates the circulation of weapons in the territory of the Russian Federation.
The provisions of this Act also apply to trafficking in ammunition for weapons.
Article 1. The basic concepts used in this law under the arms in this law refers to devices and items constructively intended to destroy live or other purposes, as well as major parts of the weapon, which determine its functional purpose.
A firearm is a weapon designed for mechanical hitting targets at a distance of projectile receiving directed movement by gunpowder or other charge.
Melee weapon is a weapon designed to hit a target with the help of human muscular force in direct contact with the object of defeat.
Cool missile weapon is a weapon designed to hit a target at a distance of projectile receiving directed by human muscular force or mechanical device.
Pneumatic weapon is a weapon designed to hit a target projectile receiving directed movement by compressed gaseous substances.
Gas weapons are weapons designed to temporarily defeat live goals through the use of toxic substances that are permitted to use by the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation.
Ammo is a device or objects constructively intended for shot of weapons of that kind.
Arms trafficking is the production, sale, transfer, acquisition, registration, possession, carrying, transport, use, removal and destruction, export and import of arms, as well as import single copies of weapons into the territory of the Russian Federation and their export from the Russian Federation.
Arms production is the manufacture and repair of weapons, as well as the manufacture of munitions.
Article 2. Types of weapons by their intended use for use by relevant actors, as well as on the basic parameters and characteristics is subdivided into: martial;
official;
civil.
Other kinds of weapons, not provided for in this Act may be used only on the territory of the Russian Federation with a view to collecting weapons or simulate their use in cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 3. Assault weapons to combat include weapons designed to address military and operational performance objectives, adopted by decision of the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation on the equipment choice for the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of security of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the foreign intelligence service of the Russian Federation, the State guard of the Russian Federation, the main Directorate of tax investigations at the State tax service of the Russian Federation, railway troops and civil defense troops, troops of Government communications providing liaison with the military authorities (hereinafter referred to as the State paramilitary organizations).
Article 4. Service weapons to service applies barrelled firearms intended for use by enterprises, organizations (except public) and agencies in implementing the tasks entrusted to them by law for the protection of nature, natural resources, property, protection of life and health, other government organizations, employees of which legislative acts of the Russian Federation are allowed to carry firearms (hereinafter referred to as "enterprises, organizations and institutions with special assignments).
Service weapons shall exclude firing bursts, have characteristics of effective fire range and discover the effects of not less than 20 per cent below the relevant characteristics of similar caliber military weapons and samples no more than 25 millimeters.
Article 5. Civilian weapons to civilian concerns weapons designed for use by citizens for self-defence, for hunting and sport.
Civilian weapons are subdivided into: (a)) gas weapon of self-defense-pistols, revolvers, mechanical sprayers and spray devices with slezotochivymi irritating substances permitted for use by the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation;
b) sporting weapons: firearms;
cold, including throwing;
pneumatic;
hunting weapon): firearms with grooved barrels;
fire smooth-bore;
cold, including throwing;
pneumatic.
Article 6. Restrictions on the circulation of service and civilian weapons in the territory of the Russian Federation, it is prohibited: 1) turnover as service and civilian weapons: a) hunting firearms with a total length of less than 800 millimeters, as well as having a design that allows it to fold, drawn together, stacked or disassembled, and you do not lose their ability to be shot;
b) firearms, which takes the form of imitating other objects;

in) Bludgeons, knuckledusters and other shock-crushing action (except sports equipment);
g) ammunition with bullets armor piercing, incendiary or explosive action and drobovymi ammunition shells for pistols and revolvers;
d) weapons and other items, the lethality that is based on the use of electric energy, radioactive radiation and biological factors;
e) gas weapons loaded with nerve agents, toxic and other dangerous substances, and also capable of lead defeat moderate due to the impact of tear-inducing irritant substances or cause less serious injuries a person at a distance of more than 0.5 m;
2) possession or use outside of sports facilities and the acquisition of caliber airguns citizens more than 4.5 millimeters and bullet velocity over 150 meters per second, as well as firearms and sporting guns;
3) installation on service and civilian weapons devices for silent firing and night sights;
4) forwarding of weapons;
5) carrying of weapons by citizens when holding meetings, marches, demonstrations, picketing and other mass public events.
Article 7. State Cadastre of service and civilian weapons of the State Cadastre of service and civilian weapons (hereinafter Cadastre) and is published by the State Committee of the Russian Federation on standardization, metrology and certification (hereinafter referred to as Gosstandart of Russia) and is the official compendium, containing systematic information on service and civilian weapons and ammunition, authorized for circulation in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Information on service and civilian weapons and ammunition shall be entered in the register on the basis of the positive results of certification of a particular model of weapon. Changes and additions to the Inventory made by Gosstandart of Russia not later than two weeks after the certification of the weapons.
Gosstandart of Russia, in the prescribed manner within a month publishes information about the changes and additions made to the Inventory. Inventory is being reprinted once in three years.
The order of the cadastre shall be established by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 8. Certification of weapons are subject to obligatory certification all models produced on the territory of the Russian Federation and imported into the territory of the Russian Federation from other States as weapons.
Certification of weapons is conducted in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, on request of manufacturers, as well as citizens and legal persons importing weapons into the territory of the Russian Federation, if there is no agreement on mutual recognition of results of certification of weapons with the State, where it is produced.
Weapons certification bodies accredited by Gosstandart of Russia on agreement with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Based on the results of the weapons certification body for certification of arms decides to charge at the weapons to combat, service or civil and presents a solution for approval to the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 9. The basic requirements for licensing the manufacture, sale and acquisition of weapons manufacture, sale and acquisition of weapons on the territory of the Russian Federation are subject to licensing, with the exception of the manufacture, sale and acquisition of weapons by the State paramilitary organizations.
Licenses for the sale or purchase of weapons issued by the internal affairs authorities, and licenses for the production of weapons-by bodies approved by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation, on the basis of a written application of the applicant in the prescribed form. The period of validity of licences for the manufacture or sale of weapons, three years, and acquisition of weapons licenses to six months from the date of their issuance.
Application for a license shall be considered by those bodies within one month from the date of its filing. The application contains information about weapons, planned to manufacture, sale, or purchase, and measures taken to ensure the safety of production, full accounting for, and securing weapons. The applicant must also provide the founding documents of the enterprise, organization or institution or citizen identity documents and other documents prescribed by this Act.
The period of validity of a licence to manufacture or sale of weapons may be extended to five years upon application of the licensee. Request for renewal of a licence is filed within three months prior to its expiration date and is dealt with by an authorized body within one month from the date of submission of the application.
The order and size of the license fees are determined by the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation.
Grounds for refusal to issue a licence or renewal of the term of its validity are: the claimant's failure to provide the required information, or submission of incorrect data;

the lack of conditions for ensuring the safety of production, safety or full accounting of weapons or the failure to provide these conditions;
other grounds provided for in this Act.
In case of refusal to issue a licence or renewal of the term of its validity by the authorized body shall inform the applicant accordingly, indicating the reasons for rejection motivated. Refusal to issue licence or extension of the term of its validity or violation of the terms of the examination of the application may be appealed by the applicant to the Court.
Article 10. Entities having the right to acquire arms with which the right to acquire arms on the territory of the Russian Federation are: 1) the State paramilitary organizations;
2) enterprises, organizations and institutions with special assignments;
3) enterprises engaged in the development, testing, production of arms or arms trafficking (hereinafter referred to as the suppliers);
4) sporting and hunting enterprises and organizations;
5) educational institutions;
6) citizens of the Russian Federation;
7) foreign nationals.
Article 11. The right to acquire arms with the State paramilitary organization the State paramilitary organization has the right to acquire weapons, adopted by the Organization adopted a decision of the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation, as well as any other weapon in the Inventory.
Article 12. The right to acquire arms enterprise, organization or institution with special assignments the enterprise, organization or institution with special assignments has the right to acquire service and civilian weapons after obtaining the appropriate license in the organs of internal affairs.
Acquired weapons is subject to registration in the Ministry of internal affairs within two weeks from the date of purchase. When registering a specified enterprise, organization or institution gives permission on the storage and use of such weapons for five years on the basis of documents confirming the legality of the purchase of weapons. Permission form is determined by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Extension of permission shall be as provided for in article 9 of this Act for the renewal of licenses.
Issuing weapons employee enterprise, organization or institution with special assignments shall be by decision of the head of the data of the enterprise, organization or institution after passing through employee training and if it has grounds from gaining them a license to acquire civilian weapons. These employees are required to be periodically inspected for suitability to act in situations involving the use of firearms. The content of the training programme and the modalities of inspection shall be determined by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Article 13. The right to acquire arms with citizens of the Russian Federation the right to acquire civilian weapons are Russian citizens who have reached 18 years of age, after obtaining a license for the purchase of specific weapons in internal affairs bodies by place of residence.
The age at which citizens can get a permit to keep and bear firearms hunting shotguns, can be reduced by Supreme Soviets republics within the Russian Federation, the Councils of people's deputies of the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Gas weapons (except aerosol devices), citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to acquire on an open license without any quantitative restrictions. Open License is issued by the authority of the Interior of the place of residence of a citizen and at the same time a resolution on the possession and bearing of gas weapons of self-defence. Open license validity period is five years. It may be extended as provided for in article 9 of this law.
Gas weapons of self-defence (aerosol) and pneumatic guns, citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to acquire without obtaining a license.
Hunting firearms with grooved barrels have the right to acquire Russian citizens engaged in professional activities related to hunting, or who own Polearms for at least five years and do not commit offences relating to violation of the rules of production, procurement, sales, accounting, storage, carrying, transport and use of weapons, or military personnel and employees of the governmental paramilitary organizations that the legislation granted the right to possess firearms. List of professions eligible for acquisition of hunting firearms with rifled barrel, establishes the Supreme Soviets republics within the Russian Federation, the Councils of people's deputies of the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Cool hunting weapons can be acquired citizens eligible for acquisition, possession and carrying of firearms.

Acquired firearms and civil weapons must be registered with internal affairs within two weeks from the date of purchase. Gas weapons (except aerosol devices) registered trading company when selling these weapons in an open license customer.
Cool hunting guns, gas guns in self-defence (aerosol) and air guns are not subject to registration.
When registering firearms acquired citizen is issued by the authority of the Interior for permission to keep and bear arms purchased for a period of five years on the basis of a document certifying the legality of its acquisition. Extension of permission shall be as provided for in article 9 of this Act for the renewal of licenses. This permission form is determined by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
To obtain a license to acquire weapons must submit a citizen in organ of internal affairs at the place of residence of a written statement in the prescribed form, medical health certificate, proof of citizenship of the Russian Federation, and other documents in accordance with the requirements laid down in article 9 of this law.
License to acquire civilian weapons not issued to nationals of: under the prescribed age;
registered in the health authorities about the alcoholism or drug addiction;
with diseases or physical deficiencies that impede the proper handling of arms;
having a criminal record for committing an intentional crime;
serving criminal sentences;
committed during the year administrative offence against public order and/or order management;
without a permanent place of residence;
not submitting to the authority of the Interior documents specified in this Act.
The list of diseases and physical disabilities under which license to acquire arms citizen is issued, approved by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Order of passing citizens medical examination is determined by the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation.
Article 14. The purchase, import and export of civilian weapons by foreign nationals, foreign nationals may acquire civilian weapons licenses issued by the internal affairs authorities, on the basis of petitions of representations of States of which they are nationals, subject to the removal of their arms from the Russian Federation not later than five days from the date of acquisition of weapons.
Hunting and sporting weapons may be imported by foreign nationals on the territory of the Russian Federation in the presence of a contract to hunting or invitations to participate in sporting activities and the corresponding authorization from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. It should be removed from the Russian Federation within the deadlines established by the specified contract or invitation.
Violation of the terms of export of arms by foreign citizens in the Russian Federation shall entail the confiscation of weapons.
Article 15. The right to acquire arms with other actors suppliers, sporting and hunting enterprises and organizations, as well as educational institutions have the right to acquire weapons necessary for the fulfilling of the statuteтs tasks, in accordance with the licences issued pursuant to the procedure provided for in article 9 of this law.
Acquired weapons is subject to registration in accordance with the procedure provided for in article 12 of this law.
Article 16. Manufacture of weapons Manufacture of military weapons is carried out in State-owned enterprises or enterprises, the share of State property in the property which is not less than 51 percent. All enterprises engaged in the production of weapons, should ensure the safety of production, production control, quality product and be licensed to manufacture weapons. (Part one of article 16 is not valid and is not to be applied (as part of the implementation of the military weapons production at the plants, the percentage of State ownership in the property which is not less than 51 percent) as amended by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) military weapons, with the exception of the prototypes produced only upon request of the State paramilitary organizations in the amount corresponding to this order, as well as on public order established by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation on the basis of inter-State agreements for deliveries in other States.
Each unit of the manufactured weapons and ammunition are subject to mandatory conformity assessment test requirements of operational safety with subsequent marking of service and civilian weapons or drawing characters their conformity in the manner prescribed by the Gosstandart of Russia. Each unit of the manufactured weapons has its own number.

Gear hunting ammunition gladkostvol'nomu weapons may be the owner of the weapons for personal use on the basis of a licence to possess and carry weapons for civilian use.
Article 17. Export and import of arms. Import and export of single copies of arms export and import of military weapons are carried out by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation in accordance with concluded agreements for them.
Import of service and civilian weapons carried out by enterprises under license to its manufacture, sale or acquisition after carrying out of certification of weapons and entering information in the cadastre. Imported arms and ammunition must have a tattoo or a sign of conformity.
The export of service and civilian weapons is carried out by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation or Enterprise licensed to manufacture it.
Importation into the territory of the Russian Federation and the Russian Federation on removal of single copies of sports, hunting, gas weapons of self-defence and pneumatic weapons are produced with the permission of the internal affairs agencies in the light of the requirements of this Act.
Article 18. The sale of weapons to carry out the sale of arms to the territory of the Russian Federation shall have the right company licensed to manufacture or sale of weapons. Licenses for the sale of arms can only be issued to enterprises, specially created for this purpose.
Other subjects listed in article 10 of this law, shall have the right to sell their weapons legally without additional licensing in the order established by this law.
Article 19. Responsibilities of enterprises engaged in the sale of arms to enterprises engaged in the sale of arms must: have a certificate on sold weapons;
require from the buyer presentation licenses for purchase of this type of weapon, except for weapons, the purchase of which no licence is required;
ensure that purchased and sold weapons, as well as the storage of records within 10 years;
submit to the police within three days of information about all service and civilian weapons sold and its customers according to the established Ministry of Interior of the Russian Federation form and sold gas defense weapon (except aerosol devices) to register in the sale in an open license buyer;
to ensure the safety and security of its weapons storage;
submit in Federal bullet and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation rockets and shells fired from civilian and service weapons to be sold, in the manner specified by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
It is forbidden to sell weapons to individuals and legal entities that did not license to acquire this kind of arms as well as weapons without numbers and hallmarks or ammunition without a sign of conformity.
Article 20. Sale or transfer of arms State paramilitary organizations State paramilitary organizations have the right to sell or transfer their weapons in the manner prescribed by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation, taking into account the requirements of this Act.
Article 21. Sale, gift or inheritance of arms citizens citizen has the right to sell in it legally on the law of personal property weaponry through the company licensed to sell weapons, with prior notification to the Department of Interior that issued him a permit to keep and bear arms, or sell guns independently after its re-registration at the body of Internal Affairs this weapons.
Gift and inheritance of civil weapons produced in the manner prescribed by the legislation, if the heir weapons or the person in favor of whom carried out donation, licenses for purchase of such weapons. In the event of the death of the owner of civilian weapons it is an internal affairs agency for temporary storage until the question of inheritance.
Article 22. Sale of arms by other subjects of other entities having the right to acquire arms on the territory of the Russian Federation can sell in them legitimately guns across the enterprise, licensed for the sale of arms, with the prior notification of the internal affairs authorities at the place of the weapons.
Article 23. Possession of weapons possession of weapons permitted for natural and legal persons in the prescribed manner a license to manufacture and sell weapons or permission for its storage and carrying.
Guns should be kept in conditions ensuring its safety, security and storage exclusive access by unauthorized persons.
Specific requirements regarding the storage of weapons, shall be determined by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 24. Use of weapons Order use of weapons by members of the army and the State paramilitary organizations determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Employees of enterprises, organizations and institutions with special assignments and citizens of the Russian Federation can use weapons to protect the life, health and property in the limits of necessary defence or when absolutely necessary. Use of weapons must be preceded by a clear warning to the person against whom the weapon is applied. Use of weapons should not cause harm to third parties.
It is prohibited to use firearms against women, obviously disabled persons, minors when their age is obvious or known, except in cases of armed or group attack. Each case of the use of weapons, resulting in bodily injury, the owner shall promptly, but not later than the day, inform the organ of internal affairs.
Rules of hunting with firearms, as well as the rules of engagement in sports and educational purposes shall be established by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 25. Keeping, carrying, transport, destruction and collecting weapons accounting rules, carrying, transporting and destroying weapons shall be determined by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Collecting weapons, including weapons not covered by this Law, shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure established by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 26. Cancellation of licences and permits the license for the manufacture, sale or purchase of weapons, as well as permission to keep and bear arms annulled these authorities granting a licence or authorization in the following cases: (a) voluntary waiver of) a licence or permit or the liquidation of the enterprise, organization or institution;
b) systematic violation or non-performance of legal entities or individuals requirements stipulated by this law and other legal acts regulating arms traffic;
in) occurrence under this law the circumstances precluding the possibility of obtaining a license.
The adoption of a decision to revoke a licence or authorization in accordance with paragraph b of this article must be preceded by prior written notice to the holder of a license or permit to the issuing authority these license or permission. In the alert indicates which laws and rules are violated or not executed, and assigned a term to resolve violations.
The decision on the cancellation of a licence or permit may be appealed to the Court of their owners.
In case of cancellation of the licence or approval of their obtaining possible for legal entities at the end of three years and for citizens-five years from the date of cancellation.
In the case of a voluntary waiver of license or authorization for referencing terms for them are not installed.
Article 27. The recovery of arms Seizure weapons produced by the internal affairs agencies in the following cases: (a) lack of license) on the manufacture, sale or purchase of weapons, as well as allowing it to keep and bear;
b) revocation of the license in accordance with established procedure on the manufacture, sale or purchase of weapons or permission to keep and bear;
in) violation of legal or natural persons established rules of acquisition, registration, possession, carrying and use of weapons before taking a final decision in accordance with the procedure established by law;
g) death of a citizen, which is the owner of civilian weapons, pending a decision by the heirs of the question of inheritance.
Official and civil weapons seized, technically suitable for exploitation, shall be in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation through the enterprise, having the right to sell such weapons.
The order of seizure of weapons is determined by the Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 28. Monitor arms control over the circulation of weapons in the territory of the Russian Federation shall carry out internal affairs bodies and organs authorized to issue licenses for the production of weapons.
Officials authorized to monitor arms trafficking are entitled to inspect weapons and sites of production, sale, storage and destruction;
demand from businesses and individuals submitting relevant documents and written or oral information necessary for carrying out control functions;
in identifying violations of established rules giving mandatory for citizens and officials orders to eliminate these violations;
take other measures provided for by law.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin Moscow, House of Soviets of Russia May 20, 1993 N 4992-I