On The Right Of Citizens Of The Russian Federation To Freedom Of Movement And Choice Of Place Of Residence Within The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О праве граждан Российской Федерации на свободу передвижения, выбор места пребывания и жительства в пределах Российской Федерации

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102024464

W a c o n RUSSIAN FEDERATION about the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence within the Russian Federation (as amended by the federal laws on Nov 02, 2004 N 127-FZ;
from 18.07.2006. N 121-FZ; on 25.12.2008 N 281-F3;
from 27.07.2010 N 227-FZ; from 01.07.2011 N 169-FZ;
from 06.12.2011 N 399-FZ; from 30.12.2012 N 313-FZ;
from 25.11.2013 N 317-FZ; from 21.12.2013 N 376-FZ;
from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ; from 22.12.2014 N 446-FZ;
by 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ; from 29.06.2015 N 197-FZ;
from 28.11.2015 N 358-FZ), Article 1. The right to freedom of movement, choice of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the international instruments on human rights, every citizen of the Russian Federation has the right to freedom of movement, choice of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation.
Restriction on the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence within the Russian Federation is allowed only on the basis of the law.
Persons who are not citizens of the Russian Federation and lawfully staying in its territory, have the right to freedom of movement, choice of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 2. Basic concepts for the purposes of this Act, the following basic concepts are used: citizens of the Russian Federation registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation-State activity on fixing and synthesis of information provided for by this law on registration of citizens of the Russian Federation on the seat, the registration of citizens of the Russian Federation, the withdrawal of the citizens of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of residence of citizens of the Russian Federation and with registration on place of residence within the Russian Federation. Registration of citizens of the Russian Federation has a notification nature and reflect the facts of the arrival of a citizen of the Russian Federation in place of stay or residence in a specified location and departure of a citizen of the Russian Federation of the place of stay or residence;
registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation-statement on registration by place of residence, i.e. fixing body in accordance with the established procedure registration information on the location of a citizen of the Russian Federation and its presence in this place of stay;
registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation-statement on registration by place of residence, i.e. fixing body in accordance with the established procedure registration information on the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation and its presence in this place of residence;
removal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of residence-fixation in the prescribed manner an organ register information about the departure of a citizen of the Russian Federation of the place of stay;
removal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence-registration authority in accordance with the established procedure of accounting information about the departure of a citizen of the Russian Federation of the residence;
location of hotel, resort, holiday house, hotel, camping, tourist centre, medical organization or other similar institution, the institution of the penal system, executing a sentence of imprisonment or forced labor, or non-place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation living room in which it resides temporarily;
place of residence-a House, flat, room, accommodation specialized housing (official premises, private accommodation in the hostel premises fast Fund, living room in the House social services to citizens and others) or other premises, in which a citizen permanently or primarily lives in as owner, under a contract of lease (sublease) contract of hiring a dedicated residential premises or on other grounds provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation and in which it is registered. Place of residence of a citizen belonging to the indigenous people of the Russian Federation small, nomads and (or) semi-nomadic way of life and that has no place where he always or predominantly resides, in accordance with this Act may be deemed one of the settlements that are in the Metro area, within which a stunning routes of the citizen; (As amended by the Federal law of 28.11.2015 N 358-FZ)

fictitious registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence or the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation registration at the place of stay or residence based on submission of deliberately false information or documents for such registration or registration in the residential premises without the intention of stay (live) in this room, or a citizen of the Russian Federation registration at the place of residence or at his place of residence without the intention of the employer (owner) of the living premises provide this dwelling-place to stay (stay).
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 21.12.2013 g. N 376-FZ), Article 3. Registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation with a view to ensuring the necessary conditions for the realization of a citizen of the Russian Federation, his rights and freedoms, as well as their responsibilities vis-à-vis other citizens, the State and society introduces the registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation.
Citizens of the Russian Federation are required to register at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation. Registration or lack thereof may not justify the restriction or condition for the realization of the rights and freedoms of citizens proclaimed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws, constitutions (charters) and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
When you register at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation citizens of the Russian Federation represent the statement in the form prescribed by the Federal Executive Body, authorized to perform the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, and other documents provided for in this Act and the rules of registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation.
Statements and documents referred to in part 3 of this article shall be submitted to the registration authorities in the terms established in articles 5 and 6 of this Act. In case of failure of these instruments in citizen registration authority for registration at the place of residence or domicile of the employer (owner) of the dwelling in which the citizen resides, on the expiry of the period of three working days shall notify the registration authority of residence of the citizen in the said premises. This notification form and order are established registration rules and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation.
Registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence within the Russian Federation are free of charge.
Rules for the registration and withdrawal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation and the list of persons responsible for the reception and transfer to the bodies of registration of documents for registration and removal from the register of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Monitoring compliance with the citizens of the Russian Federation, employers (owners) of residential premises, officials and persons responsible for the reception and transmission to the bodies of registration of documents for registration and removal from the register of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation, the rules for the registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation is entrusted to the federal body of executive power empowered to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, its territorial bodies and bodies of internal affairs.

The Federal Executive authority authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, maintains the base state information resource registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation (hereinafter database) containing information received from the citizens of federal executive bodies, executive bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and other authorities local authorities, as well as the implementing agencies in accordance with article 5 of this Act, the registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of residence. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ)

The Federal Executive authority authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, and its territorial bodies shall have the right to process personal data contained in the database, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) information contained in the database should be protected in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on information, information technology and data protection legislation of the Russian Federation on State secrets, commercial secrets and other secrets protected by the law, as well as the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of personal data. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) in the database contains the following information: surname, first name, patronymic (most-if available);
date and place of birth;
Paul;
address and registration date (withdrawal from registration) at the place of residence (sojourn);
the main data of identity document of a citizen of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation (for persons under the age of 14, details of the birth certificate: series, number, date of issue and by whom issued);
details of the death certificate (series, number, date of issue and by whom issued)-cancellation of the deceased;
the name and date of the Court decision has entered into force, its cancellation of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation, declared missing or expelled from the occupied dwelling, or recognized as having lost the right to use the dwelling; (As amended by federal law from 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ) insurance number individual personal account in the statutory pension insurance (subject to availability).
(Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) citizens have the right to consult your personal information contained in the database, to protect such information and to fix the errors. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) to provide information on registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the targeted-background), the federal body of executive power, authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, organizes and conducts targeted reference work. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) Address information is provided to individuals and legal entities at their request by the territorial body of the federal body of executive power, authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, with the consent of the person against whom such information is requested. The procedure for providing targeted information and the procedure for the Organization and conduct of targeted reference work are set by the Federal Executive Body, authorized to perform the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) the information contained in the database is also available to the public authorities and local self-government bodies in cases where it is necessary for the exercise of their powers, including for the provision of public and municipal services. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) the procedure for the formation, management and use of the database shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 21.12.2013 g. N 376-FZ), Article 4. Bodies of registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation, bodies of registration of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation are territorial bodies of the Federal Executive Body, authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration. (As amended by federal law from 25.12.2008 N 281-FZ), Article 5. Registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation on the sojourn and removal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation Registration at the place of residence shall be made in a period not exceeding 90 days from the date of arrival of the citizen in the living room. Registration at the place of residence shall be made without removing the citizen registration by place of residence. (As amended by federal law from 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ), citizen of the Russian Federation shall have the right not to register at the place of stay in residential premises, if the premises in which it is registered at the place of residence, is in the same or a different locality of the same constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

A citizen of the Russian Federation shall have the right not to register at the place of residence in a residential area, located in the city of federal importance Moscow or in one of the settlements of the Moscow region, if it is registered at the place of residence in a residential area, located in the city of federal importance Moscow or in one of the settlements of the Moscow region.
A citizen of the Russian Federation shall have the right not to register at the place of residence in a residential area, located in the city of Federal significance St. Petersburg or in one of the settlements of the Leningrad region, if it is registered at the place of residence in a residential area, located in the city of Federal significance St. Petersburg or in one of the settlements of the Leningrad region.
Registration authority is obliged to register the citizen of the Russian Federation according to place of residence no later than three working days after receiving them from a citizen or by a person responsible for reception and transmission in body registration of documents for registration and removal from the register of citizens of the Russian Federation at the place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation, statements on registration on place of residence in the prescribed form and other documents required for such registration and no later than eight working days from the day of filing a citizen statement on registration on place of residence and other documents necessary for registration in the form of electronic documents.
Registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation on the sojourn and removal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of stay in the hotel, sanatorium, rest house, a boarding house, camping, tourist base, medical institution or other similar institution, the institution of the penal system, executing a sentence of imprisonment or forced labor, produced respectively on his arrival and disposition of the administration of the institution, unless otherwise provided for in this article. (As amended by the Federal law of 29.06.2015 N 197-FZ)
(Repealed-federal law 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ) in other cases registration is a citizen of the Russian Federation on the sojourn and removal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of residence shall be made by the authority in accordance with the registration rules of registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation.
In case of revealing fact fictitious registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence in the residential premises is made clear this citizen with registration at the place of residence on the basis of the decision of the registration authority in the manner prescribed by the Federal Executive Body, authorized to perform the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration.

The administration of the institutions referred to in paragraph six of this article, except for institutions of the penal correction system for the enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment or forced labor, on a pro bono basis during the day are directly or send using the constituent communications telecommunications information concerning the registration and withdrawal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on the seat of the territorial bodies of the federal body of executive power authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, in the manner prescribed by the Federal Executive Body, authorized to perform the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration. Administration institutions of the penal correction system for the enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment or hard labour, represent this information within seven working days. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ) (As amended by federal law from 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ) administration of the organization or institution specified in part six of this article, except for institutions of the penal correction system, a sentence of imprisonment or forced labor, does not represent the territorial body of the federal body of executive power, authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, information concerning the registration and withdrawal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and is entitled not to register the individual domiciliary in these organizations or institution if the citizen registered at the place of residence or place of stay in residential premises in the same subject of the Russian Federation indicated the organization or institution. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 197-FZ)

Administration of the organization or institution specified in part six of this article and in the city of federal importance Moscow or in one of the settlements of the Moscow region, with the exception of institutions of the penal correction system, a sentence of imprisonment or forced labor, does not represent the territorial body of the federal body of executive power, authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration, information concerning the registration and withdrawal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and is entitled not to register the citizen on sojourn in the specified organization or institution if the citizen registered at the place of residence or place of stay in a residential area, located in the city of federal importance Moscow or in one of the settlements of the Moscow region. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 197-FZ) administration of the organization or institution specified in part six of this article and the federal city of St. Petersburg or in one of the settlements of the Leningrad region, except institutions of the penal correction system, a sentence of imprisonment or forced labor, does not represent the territorial body of the federal body of executive power, authorized to exercise the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration , information concerning the registration and withdrawal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and is entitled not to register the citizen at the place of residence in the said organization or institution if the citizen registered at the place of residence or place of stay in a residential area, located in the city of Federal significance St. Petersburg or in one of the settlements of the Leningrad region. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 197-FZ) grounds for exemption from the obligation to register a citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence referred to in the eleventh to thirteenth of this article shall apply in the case of a continuous term of the citizen in the appropriate place of stay does not exceed 90 days from the date of their arrival at the place of stay. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 29.06.2015 N 197-FZ) (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 21.12.2013 g. N 376-FZ), Article 6. Registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation (except in the case provided for in article 6-1 of this law), changed their place of residence must, not later than seven days after arriving at their new place of residence, contact the person responsible for the reception and transmission to the bodies of registration of documents for registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation and, in cases provided by the present law and the rules of registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation with registration on place of residence and domicile within the Russian Federation, directly in the body of the registration, a statement in the prescribed form. When this shall be presented: (as amended by the federal laws from 06.12.2011 N 399-FZ; 28.12.2013 N 387-FZ), passport or other similar document, certifying the identity of the citizen;
the document, which is in accordance with housing legislation of the Russian Federation the grounds for installation in residential premises, except as provided by this law and other federal laws, or its duly certified copy. A citizen of the Russian Federation shall have the right not to produce a document that is the basis for the installation of a citizen in the residential premises (social contract of employment, the employment contract of the dwelling State or municipal housing, past State registration of the contract or other document, expressing the substance of transactions with immovable property, certificate on State registration of rights or other document), if the information contained in the document are public authorities or bodies of local self-government. In this case, the registration authority independently requests a document (information contained therein), an extract from the relevant registry, other information in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the State bodies, bodies of local self-government and produces citizen registration by place of residence no later than eight working days from the date of his application for registration on place of residence and identity document in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the federal laws on 01.07.2011 N 169-FZ; from 21.12.2013 N 376-FZ)

Statement and other documents referred to in this article may be submitted in the form of electronic documents, the order of which is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, and sent to the organ register, using information and telecommunication networks, including the Internet, including the unified portal of State and municipal services. (Part is supplemented by federal law from 27.07.2010 N 227-FZ) Registration Authority is obliged to register the citizen's place of residence not later than three days from the date of presentation of the documents (of his statements and documents in the form of electronic documents) for registration. (As amended by federal law from 27.07.2010 N 227-FZ) Article 6-1. Features registration by place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation relating to the indigenous people of the Russian Federation small, nomads and (or) semi-nomadic way of life and that has no place where he always or predominantly live registration by place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation relating to the indigenous people of the Russian Federation small, nomads and (or) semi-nomadic way of life and that has no place where he always or mostly live , is taking place in one of the settlements (by choice of the citizen), located in the municipal area, within which a stunning routes of the citizen, to the address specified in the local administration from the settlement, taking into account the list of places of traditional residence and traditional economic activity of the small-numbered indigenous peoples of the Russian Federation, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
To register at the place of residence of a citizen specified in paragraph 1 of this article shall submit the following documents to the registration body: a statement in the prescribed form on registration on place of residence;
Passport or substituting document proving the identity of the citizen;
document, confirming the maintenance of data from a citizen (or) nomadic and semi-nomadic lifestyle, issued by local Government of the corresponding municipal district in the manner prescribed by the authorized federal body of executive power.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 06.12.2011 N 399-FZ) Article 7. Removal of a citizen of the Russian Federation with registration at the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation with the withdrawal of registration by place of residence is made by authority of the register in the following cases: change of residence on the basis of the application of the citizen, in writing or in the form of an electronic document on registration at the new place of residence; (As amended by federal law from 27.07.2010 N 227-FZ) (Repealed-federal law 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ) (Repealed-federal law 31.12.2014 N 525-FZ) recognition as missing on the basis of the Court decision that has entered into force;
death or court decision declaring dead-based on death certificates issued in accordance with the legislation;
eviction from residential premises or the recognition of the right to use the dwelling lost-based on a court decision that has entered into force;
detection of untrue information or documents giving rise to the registration, or unlawful actions by officials in deciding whether to register on the basis of the Court decision that has entered into force;
citizen change, referred to in article 6-1 of this Act, a stunning route that resulted in such routes were held outside the municipal area, the local administration of the settlement which he is registered at the place of residence, based on the application of the citizen in writing with the application document specified in the fourth indent of the second part of article 6-1 of this Act; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 06.12.2011 N 399-FZ) termination of a citizen specified in article 6-1 of this Act, a nomadic and (or) a semi-nomadic lifestyle based on the application of the citizen in writing; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 06.12.2011 N 399-FZ) to identify the fact a fictitious registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation according to place of residence on the basis of the decision adopted by the registration authority in the manner prescribed by the Federal Executive Body, authorized to perform the functions of control and supervision in the field of migration. (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 21.12.2013 N 376-FZ) Article 8. Grounds for restrictions on the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence within the Russian Federation, the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence within the Russian Federation in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation may be restricted: in the border zone; (As amended by the Federal law of 22.12.2014 N 446-FZ) in closed military bases;
in closed administrative-territorial formations;
in environmental disaster areas;

on separate territories and settlements, where the risk of the spread of infectious and non-infectious diseases and mass poisoning people imposed special conditions and modes of living and economic activity;
in areas where a State of emergency or martial law was introduced.
Article 9. Protection of the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence within the Russian Federation, actions or inaction of State authorities and other bodies, enterprises, institutions, organizations, officials and other legal and physical persons, affecting the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of movement and choice of place of residence within the Russian Federation, may be appealed in a higher chain of command authority higher chain of command officer or directly to the Court.
Article 10. Responsibility for violation of the requirements of this Act, the violation of the requirements of this act entails the responsibility of officials and citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Application of rules of international law if an international treaty of the Russian Federation stipulates other rules than those contained in this Act, the rules of the international treaty shall apply.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. YELTSIN Moscow, Russia June 25, 1993 House Tips N 5242-I