On Space Activities

Original Language Title: О космической деятельности

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102025742

W a c o n Russian Federation on space activities (as amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ;
from 01/10/2003 N 15-FL; from 05.03.2004 N 8-FL;
from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 2/2/2006 N 19-FZ;
from 18.12.2006 y. N 231-FZ; from 30.12.2008 N 309-FZ;
from 30.12.2008 N 313-FZ; from 21 N 331-FZ;
from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) this Act is aimed at ensuring the legal regulation of space activities for development of the economy, science and technology, strengthen the defense and security of the Russian Federation and the further expansion of international cooperation of the Russian Federation.
In the Russian Federation the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, are the first and overriding priorities of the public interest.
(Preamble as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), section i. General provisions article 1. Legal regulation of relations in the field of space activities, relations in the field of space activities are regulated in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the generally recognized principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation, the present law and other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), Article 2. The notion of space activities 1. For the purposes of this Act, means any space activities activities associated with direct work on the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies.
The main areas of space activity are: (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) space research;
the use of space technology for communications, television and radio broadcasting: (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) remote sensing of the Earth from space, including State environmental monitoring (State environmental monitoring Wednesday) and meteorology; (As amended by the Federal law of 21 N 331-FZ) use of satellite navigation and topogeodetic systems;
manned space flight;
the use of space technology, space materials and space technology in the interests of the defence and security of the Russian Federation; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) observation of objects and phenomena in outer space; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) testing technology in space; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) production in space materials and other products;
other activities using space technology.
2. space activities include the establishment of (including the design, construction and tests), use (operation) of space technology, space materials and space technologies and the provision of other space-related services, as well as to use the results of space activities and international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of exploration and use of outer space. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) t s t b I 3. Objectives the objectives of the space activities of space-related activities are: promotion of the economic development of States, the well-being of the population of the Russian Federation through the rational and efficient use of space technology, space materials and space technologies, as well as increasing their use;
consolidation and development of scientific-technical and intellectual potential of the space industry and its infrastructure;
contribute to the strengthening of the defense and security of the Russian Federation;
further improvement and acquisition of scientific knowledge about the Earth, outer space and celestial bodies;
development and expansion of international cooperation of the Russian Federation for further integration of the Russian Federation into the world economic relations and international security.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) t s t b I 4. Principles of space activities 1. Space activities are carried out in accordance with the following principles: promoting the maintenance of international peace and security through the use of space science and technology;
promotion of attracting extrabudgetary resources in space activities while maintaining state control over their use and safeguard State interests of the Russian Federation;
ensuring the safety of space activities and environmental Wednesday; (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ) of equal and mutually advantageous international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of space;
the international responsibility of the Russian Federation for space activities;

rational combination and balanced development of space technology and space-related technologies used in the scientific, socio-economic purposes, in the interests of the defence and security of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as dual-use space technology).
Space activities are not allowed, prohibited the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. space activities, as well as the dissemination of information regarding the space-related activities are carried out in compliance with the statutory requirements of the protection of State secrets, proprietary and trade secrets, as well as the results of intellectual activities and exclusive rights to them.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), sect. II. ORGANIZING SPACE ACTIVITIES with t a t b I 5. Space Administration 1. Space activities is managed by the Russian Federation.
2. General management of space activities is exercised by the President of the Russian Federation.
The President of the Russian Federation: review and approve main provisions of State policy in the field of space activities;
sets a particularly important space projects and programmes the presidential status;
addresses the most important issues of the State policy in the field of outer space activities.
3. the Government of the Russian Federation: implements the State policy in the field of space activities in the interests of science, engineering, various branches of economy and international cooperation of the Russian Federation;
coordinates the activities of federal executive authorities and organizations involved in space activities;
ensures the operation and development of the space industry and space infrastructure;
considers and approves the Federal space program, long-term space programmes of the Russian Federation, State orders to develop, manufacture and supply of space technology and space infrastructure and the State Defence order to develop, manufacture and supply of space weapons and military equipment;
introduced in the established order the propositions on the financing of the federal space program;
provides favorable conditions for developing advanced space technology and space-based technologies and implementing a policy of State support of space-rocket industry;
coordinates the international cooperation of the Russian Federation in the field of space activities and oversees the development and implementation of international space projects in the Russian Federation;
claims within the limits of its competence, normative legal acts, regulating the design, build, test and use (operation) of space technology;
assigns State commissions on tests of space technology.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), Article 6. Competence of the authorized body on space activities (as amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) public corporation for space activities "Roskosmos" is the authorized body for space activities and manages the space activities in the interests of science, technology and the various sectors of the economy, as well as work on creation of space technology scientific and socio-economic and in conjunction with the Federal Executive Body in the field of defence and dual-use space technology under the federal space programme other federal programs in the field of outer space activities. (As amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) to this end, the authority: ensures the realization of the State policy in the field of space activities, together with the Federal Executive Body in the field of defence and other interested federal authorities and organizations involved in the development and utilization of space technology;
develops projects of federal space program and other federal programs in the field of outer space activities; (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) carries out the placement of State orders to develop, manufacture and supply of space technology and space infrastructure for scientific and socio-economic purposes, including work on the international space projects of the Russian Federation;
in accordance with the established procedure (operation) of space technology in order to implement the federal space program and other federal programs in the field of outer space activities; (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) together with the Federal Executive Body in the field of Defence conducts placement of State orders to develop, manufacture and supply of dual-use space technology and space infrastructure;

organizing a system research for substantiation of basic directions of development of space technology scientific and socio-economic purposes, in conjunction with the Federal Executive Body in the field of defence and dual-use space technology;
provides, in conjunction with other interested federal bodies of executive power of scientific-research and experimental-design works on creation of space technology scientific and socio-economic destination, makes the purchase of generic space technologies and in conjunction with the Federal Executive Body in the field of defence provides its use (operation);
organizes and coordinates work on commercial space projects and assists in their implementation;
provides together with the Federal Executive Body in the field of Defense and other federal executive authorities concerned the development of space infrastructure;
organizes and carries out jointly with other interested federal bodies of executive power of the State flight testing of space technology in the scientific and socio-economic purposes;
(The paragraph excluded the Federal law from 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) organizes mandatory conformity attestation of space technology scientific and socio-economic purposes; (As amended by federal law N 313-FZ) provides, together with the relevant public services security space activities;
interacts with organizations of other States, as well as with international organizations for space activities in the prescribed manner, concludes international treaties concerned;
(Paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) is responsible for licensing of space activities; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) exercise other functions and powers established by federal laws, regulatory acts of the President of the Russian Federation or the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ)
(Repealed-federal law 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) (Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) t s t b I 7. Competence in the field of outer space activities of the federal body of executive power for the defense of the federal body of executive power for defence carries out realization of State policy in the field of outer space activities in the interests of the defence and security of the Russian Federation, as well as work on creation of space technology for military purposes and in conjunction with the competent authority for space activities and space technology of dual purpose within the outer section of the State program of armament as well as federal programs in the field of outer space activities. (As amended by the federal laws from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; 13.07.2015 N 216-FL) organ for this purpose: develops projects of outer section of the federal programme for the development, creation and production of weapons and military equipment;
carries out the State Defense order placement to develop, manufacture and supply of space weapons and military equipment;
plans and implements the use (operation) of space technology in the interests of the defence and security of the Russian Federation;
provides and coordinates the implementation of scientific-research and experimental-designing works on space technology for military purposes and in conjunction with the competent authority for space activities and space technology of dual purpose; (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) organizes and coordinates system research for substantiation of basic directions and prospects for the development of space technology for military purposes, as well as in conjunction with the competent authority for space activities and space technology of dual purpose; (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) organizes and carries out in accordance with the established procedure (operation) of space technology for military purposes;
organizes and carries out jointly with competent authority for space activities and the interested federal bodies of executive power of the State tests of space technology for military purposes; (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) prepares proposals on State policy in the field of outer space activities in the interests of the defence and security of the Russian Federation;
(Paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
(Paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), in conjunction with the competent authority for space activities and the interested federal bodies of executive power participates in international space projects and programmes of the Russian Federation; (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ)

coordinates the development of perspective directions in the field of space technology and space technology in the interests of the defence and security of the Russian Federation;
organizes mandatory conformity attestation of space technology for military purposes; (As amended by federal law N 313-FZ) performs other functions determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
The Federal Executive authority on defense in the cases provided for by law, shall have the right to summon objects space infrastructure and space technology.
The Federal Executive Body in the field of defence shall have the right to transmit, in accordance with established procedure temporarily free space infrastructure objects authorized body on space for use (exploitation) when carrying out space activities in scientific and socio-economic purposes. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) Article 8. The federal space programme 1. The federal space programme is a long-term planning document, on the basis of which is formed by the State order for the creation, manufacture and use of space technology in the scientific and socio-economic purposes.
Procedure for the development and implementation of Russia's federal space programme are governed by the laws of the Russian Federation in respect of federal targeted programmes.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
2. Federal space programme is developed to meet: set goals, objectives and principles of space activities;
interests of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
the economic situation in the country;
the State of space science and industry;
the need for an integrated development of space and ground segments of the space infrastructure;
the interests of consumers and producers of space technology and space technologies;
the status and trends of the development of Astronautics;
the world space market;
the international commitments of the Russian Federation and the expansion of international cooperation.
3. (repealed-federal law 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) 4. (Repealed-federal law 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) Article 9. Licensing of space activities, space activities subject to licensing as prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ), Article 10. Mandatory certification and conformity declaration space technology (as amended by federal law N 313-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Space technology, including space objects, objects created in space infrastructure of scientific and socio-economic purposes, is to be checked for compliance with the requirements established by the legislation of the Russian Federation (mandatory certification or declaration of conformity). (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 30.12.2008 N 313-FZ) mandatory certification or declaration of conformity may also be subject to equipment used in the creation and use of space technology. (As amended by federal law N 313-FZ)
2. Mandatory certification or conformity declaration space technology is implemented in the order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation on technical regulation. (As amended by federal law N 313-FZ)
3. Certification bodies, manufacturers of space technology and related officials guilty of violating the rules of compulsory certification or conformity declaration space technology, responsibility, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law N 313-FZ), Article 11. Expertise on space activities 1. Based on examination decisions on the following issues related to the implementation of space activities: enabling project in the federal space program in Russia;
(The paragraph excluded the Federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
(The paragraph excluded the Federal law from 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ) issuance of certificates for samples of space technology, as well as the equipment used when creating and using space technology;
assignment of space technology and space technologies to products, export of which is prohibited or restricted;
Summing up contests for space projects;
establishing the causes of accidents in space activities;
other issues identified by the Government of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
2. For the purposes of assessment, the Government of the Russian Federation, the authorized agency for space activities or federal executive body in the field of Defense forms expert committees of specialists who are not interested in the results of the examination. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ)
3. The procedure for the formation and work of expert committees is determined by normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)

4. Conclusion of the Expert Commission is not binding for the decision-making body on matters related to the implementation of space activities.
Responsibility for such a decision, including a decision inconsistent with the conclusion of the Expert Commission, the Chief decision-making body.
Members of the Committee are responsible for the accuracy and validity of its findings.
Section III. ECONOMIC CONDITIONS of SPACE ACTIVITIES with t a t b I 12. Financing of space activities 1. Funding for space activities is defined in the federal budget for the respective year.
Financing of space activities carried out in the manner provided for State Defense order, through allocations from the federal budget and State customers distributed among contractors in accordance with government contracts. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
2. State the customer arranges the use of extrabudgetary funding their organizations for execution of works (services), in addition to the consumable commitments of the Russian Federation on the orders of the authorized body on space activities or of a federal body of executive power for the defense. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) principal executor (artist) works may send extrabudgetary funding works stipulated by the public contracts for the execution of works (services) under the federal space programme, other federal programs in the field of space activities, in addition to the consumable commitments of the Russian Federation in a manner and under conditions determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
3. Organizations and individuals participating in space projects, may in the prescribed manner be given State guarantees and benefits in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
4. foreign investment in space activities related to the implementation of the federal space program can be guaranteed by means of the federal budget, as well as property located in the State of federal property in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) foreign investments in space-related activities of the organizations and citizens of the Russian Federation may be guaranteed by means of these organizations and citizens either intellectual or other property.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) t s t b I 13. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) t s t b I 14. The State order for the development, production and delivery of space technology and space infrastructure of the State order on the development, production and delivery of space technology and space infrastructure facilities for various purposes is formed and positioned under the federal space programme in accordance with the procedure established for the State Defense order. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) t s t b I 15. The use of space technology (operation) 1. Use (operation) of space technology (subject to the State registration of rights to it) is managed by its owner or the person to whom the owner or authorized by the owner of the person provided in accordance with the law the right to use (operation) of space technology.
Space technology components that are public property, may be in economic management or operative administration of one or more enterprises, if it does not violate the technological mode of operation of such equipment.
Space technology components can be excluded from economic conducting or operative management of enterprises in accordance with procedures stipulated under the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
2. space technology, discontinued operation may be transferred in accordance with established procedure the agencies, organizations, whose main activity is directed to use the results of space activities for education, science and culture.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) Article 16. Legal protection of intellectual property legal protection of results of intellectual activities, from the development of space technology and space technology, provided in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 18.12.2006 y. N 231-FZ), sect. IV. SPACE OBJECTS. SPACE INFRASTRUCTURE (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) Article 17. Space objects 1. Space objects of the Russian Federation subject to registration and shall bear a mark, stating their belonging to the Russian Federation.

2. the Russian Federation shall retain jurisdiction and control over registered space objects in it while these objects on Earth, at any stage of the flight into space or stay in space and on the celestial bodies, as well as after return to Earth, outside the jurisdiction of any State.
3. the rights of ownership of space objects remain untouched while those objects on Earth, as well as at any stage of the flight into space or stay in space and on the celestial bodies, and after returning to Earth, unless otherwise stipulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.
4. If a space object creates Russian organizations and citizens together with foreign States, organizations and individuals or international organisations, the registration of such an object, jurisdiction and control over them, as well as questions of ownership of such space object are resolved on the basis of relevant international instruments.
5. Law on jurisdiction and control over a space object as well as the right of ownership on such an object does not affect the legal status of his zone (area) of outer space, surface or subsurface of a celestial body.
In the immediate vicinity of a space object of the Russian Federation within the zone, the minimum needed to ensure the security of space activities can be subject to mandatory rules for Russian and foreign organizations and citizens.
T s t b I 18. Space infrastructure (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Space infrastructure of the Russian Federation includes: (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) launch sites;
launching complexes and search installation;
command/measuring complexes;
centers and mission control points of space objects;
points of reception, storage and processing of information; (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) storage space technology base;
areas falling separated parts of space objects;
polygons and landing runways; (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) objects for processing an experimental base of space technology;
centres and equipment for training cosmonauts;
other terrestrial facilities and equipment that are used in the implementation of space activities.
Objects of space infrastructure, including mobile, are, to the extent they are used to achieve or implement space-related activities. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
2. space infrastructure Objects, which are federally owned, are in economic management or operative administration government organizations carrying out their operation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) transfer of space infrastructure are federal property, other organizations, including the exploitation of data objects is carried out in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ)
3. the allocation of land plots and use them for objects of space infrastructure and surrounding exclusion zone shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
4. activities of the organizations of the Russian Federation for use (exploitation) objects of outer space infrastructure outside the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation shall be exercised in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation and the present law. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) t s t b I 19. Features control of space objects (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Office space objects of the Russian Federation at all stages from start to finish their flight exercise organizations responsible for use (exploitation) of these objects. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
2. Landing of space objects of the Russian Federation is carried out at the test sites landing of space objects. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) in cases of accident, including accidents and disasters, when space activities landing of space objects of the Russian Federation may be in other areas with the notification of the relevant State bodies. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
3. Manoeuvring space objects of the Russian Federation airspace is subject to the requirements of the legislation governing the use of the airspace of the Russian Federation.

4. Space object of a foreign State may exercise a one-time innocent passage through the airspace of the Russian Federation with a view to launching such an object in orbit around the Earth or beyond, and to return it to Earth in advance informing the relevant services of the Russian Federation concerning the time, place, and other such passage.
5. The authorized agency for space activities and the Federal Executive Body in the field of Defense informed of the launch and landing of space objects of the Russian Federation to the relevant State bodies of the Russian Federation and, if necessary, with interested foreign Governments and international organizations. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) launch, landing or termination of existence of space objects of the Russian Federation outside the relevant service of the Russian Federation shall exercise their functions in consultation with the concerned competent authorities of foreign States.
Article 20. Astronauts and crews manned space objects 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation, expressed the wish to participate in space missions and meet established professional and medical requirements are selected for spaceflight preparation and implementation on the basis of the competition.
The procedure and conditions of the competition shall be determined in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation authorized body on space activities. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) 2. Order of Cosmonaut training, formation of crews of manned space flight programme approval and objects, as well as the rights and obligations of the astronauts, the wages and other conditions of their work contracts shall be determined in accordance with the laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
3. The Commander of the crew manned space object is assigned to the Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation, a citizen of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) crew manned space object of the Russian Federation, vested full authority necessary for the implementation of space flight, crew management and other individuals involved in flight.
The crew manned space object of the Russian Federation, within the limits of their authority, is responsible for the implementation of the programme of flight safety crew and other individuals involved in flight safety of the space object and of its property.
4. the Russian Federation shall retain jurisdiction and control over any personnel registered it manned space object when that object on Earth, at any stage of the flight or stay in outer space and on the celestial bodies, including the outside of a space object as well as on return to Earth until the completion of the flight programme, unless otherwise provided by international treaties of the Russian Federation.
5. Foreign citizens, trained for space flight in the Russian Federation or participating in flight to manned space objects of the Russian Federation to respect the legislation of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.
6. Legal provision (status) of astronauts is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. (Para supplemented by federal law from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ), Article 21. Staff of space infrastructure (as amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Space infrastructure facilities personnel are professionals who test duties, storage and exploitation of space technology, as well as other duties to ensure the technological mode of functioning of space infrastructure. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
2. The responsibilities of the personnel of space infrastructure are defined by organizations operating such facilities. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) Staff shall be subject to certification of space infrastructure facilities for compliance with professional requirements. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
3. Wages and additional remuneration of the personnel of space infrastructure facilities are determined by the terms of employment contracts concluded with organizations that use those objects. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) (Paragraph repealed Federal Act from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)

4. Persons from among the personnel of space infrastructure, the profession associated with hazardous or dangerous working conditions, are provided social guarantees, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the terms of the relevant contracts. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)
5. (deleted in accordance with Federal Act from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) Section v. Security SPACE ACTIVITIES with t a t b I am 22. Ensuring the safety of space activities 1. Any space activities are carried out in compliance with the security requirements prescribed by laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation.
Responsibility and overall supervision to ensure the safety of space activities are entrusted to authorized agency for space activities and the Federal Executive Body in the field of defence. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) space-related activities should be conducted with a view to ensuring the level of allowable anthropogenic impact on Wednesday and near-Earth space environment. (As amended by federal law N 309-FZ)
2. The authorized agency for space activities and the Federal Executive authority on defense on the demand of interested organizations and citizens are obliged to provide information on the dangers arising in the implementation of space activities. (As amended by the Federal law of 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ), upon the occurrence of a threat to the security of the population and the environment Wednesday authorized agency for space activities and the Federal Executive Body in the field of defence will immediately inform the relevant bodies of State authority, as well as organizations and citizens. (As amended by Federal Law Gazette N 309-FZ; 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ)
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), Article 23. Accident investigation in the implementation of space activities 1. Incidents, including accidents and disasters, when space activities are investigated, the order of which is determined by the laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ)
2. Terms of reference and the validity of the results of the investigation of incidents, including accidents and disasters, can be appealed in court.
Article 24. Search and rescue work, the Elimination of consequences of accidents 1. Search and rescue work as well as the Elimination of consequences of accidents in space activities are made by the relevant federal bodies of executive power and authorized body on space activities, if necessary with the participation of the organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, as well as organizations and citizens. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 13.07.2015 N 216-FZ) 2. Work to eliminate the consequences of accidents in space activities include the rehabilitation and reconstruction of industrial and other objects affected by accidents, necessary environmental measures, compensation of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, organizations and citizens.
(The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; expired-the Federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) 3. Search and rescue work as well as work to eliminate the consequences of accidents in space activities on the territory of a foreign State shall be made in agreement with the competent authorities of that State at the expense of the organizations and individuals engaged in such activities, the federal budget. (As amended by the federal laws from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ; from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) t s t b I 25. Space insurance activities 1. Organizations and individuals who use (operate) space technology or on request which create and use (operation) of space technology to produce the obligatory insurance of life and health of the astronauts, the workers of space infrastructure, as well as liability for harm caused to life, health or property of other persons, in the manner and under the conditions established by law.
2. Organizations and individuals conducting space activities can produce voluntary insurance of space technology (the risk of loss, shortage or damage of space technology).
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), section VI. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION with t a t b I 26. (Repealed-the Federal law dated 05.03.2004 N 8-FZ), Article 27. Legal status of foreign organizations and citizens 1. Foreign organizations and individuals engaged in space activities under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation shall enjoy the legal regime established for the organizations and citizens of the Russian Federation, to the extent that such treatment is provided by the State organizations and citizens of the Russian Federation.

2. the Russian Federation provides legal protection of technology and trade secrets to foreign organizations and individuals carrying out space activities under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Other necessary protection technology and trade secrets to foreign organizations and individuals carrying out space activities under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, is provided on a reciprocal basis.
3. foreign organizations and individuals engaged in space activities under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation to produce insurance space technology, as well as the risks associated with space activities, in the manner prescribed by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and the present law. (As amended by federal law from 29.11.96 N 147-FZ) Article 28. Legal regulation of international cooperation 1. Organizations and citizens of the Russian Federation participating in international projects in the field of space activities, conclude treaties with foreign organizations and citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise provided for in these instruments.
2. In case of conflict of laws of the Russian Federation and legislation of the foreign State applicable to space activities, with the participation of organizations and citizens of the Russian Federation legislation of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Section VII. RESPONSIBILITY Article 29. Responsibility of officials, organizations and citizens, government agencies and their officials, other organizations and their officials, as well as citizens who violate this law and other legislative acts regulating space activities bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
T s t b I 30. Liability for damage resulting from the implementation of space activities 1. Liability for damage caused by a space object of the Russian Federation in the implementation of space activities on the territory of the Russian Federation or outside it, except for the space, occurs irrespective of the guilt of the causer of such harm.
2. If in any place other than the surface of the Earth to a space object of the Russian Federation or property on board such an object caused harm to other space object of the Russian Federation in the implementation of space activities, recover damages in full is vested in the organization or citizen owning a space object which caused the harm, in the manner and under the conditions envisaged by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
3. Damage caused to the person or property of a citizen as well as the harm caused to the property of a legal person a space object of the Russian Federation in the implementation of space activities on the territory of the Russian Federation or outside, non-refundable organization or citizen zastrahovavshimi its responsibility for causing damage to the extent and in the manner prescribed by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law dated 29.11.96 N 147-FZ), the President of the Russian Federation, b. YELTSIN Moscow, House of Soviets Russia August 20, 1993, N-5663 I