About Security

Original Language Title: О безопасности

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102015025

Expired-the Federal law dated 28.12.2010. N 390-FZ z and c o n Russian Federation on security (in the redaction of law of the Russian Federation from 25.12.92 N 4235-(I);
Federal laws from 25.07.2002 N 116-FZ;
from 07.03.2005 N 15-FL; from 25.07.2006 N 128-FZ;
dated 02.03.2007 N 24-FZ; from 26.06.2008 N 103-FZ) this Act establishes the legal basis for ensuring the security of individuals, society and the State, defines the security system and its functions, establish the procedure for the Organization and financing of the security organs, as well as control and oversight over the legality of their activities.
Section i. General provisions article 1. The concept of security and its objects security-the State of protection of the vital interests of the individual, society and the State against internal and external threats.
Vital interests-a set of needs that reliably ensures the existence and possibility of progressive development of the individual, society and the State.
The main security objects include: the identity of her rights and freedoms; society-its material and spiritual values; the State of its constitutional system, sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Article 2. Security principals the principal subject security is a State exercising functions in this area through the legislative, Executive and judicial powers.
State in accordance with the current legislation ensures the safety of every citizen in the territory of the Russian Federation. Citizens of the Russian Federation located abroad, the State guarantees protection and patronage.
Citizens, public and other organizations and associations are security principals, have rights and obligations to participate in the maintenance of security in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, the laws of the republics within the Russian Federation, normative acts of the bodies of State power and administration and krais, oblasts, autonomous oblast and autonomous okrugs, adopted within the limits of their competence in this area. The State provides legal and social protection of citizens, public and other organizations and associations providing assistance in ensuring security in accordance with the law.
Article 3. Security threat security threat-a set of conditions and factors that pose a risk to the vital interests of the individual, society and the State.
Real and potential threat to security objects, coming from internal and external sources of danger, defines the content of the activities to ensure internal and external security.
Article 4. Security Security is achieved by conducting a unified State policy in the field of security, the system of measures of economic, political, institutional and other measures, adequate threatened the vital interests of the individual, society and the State.
To create and maintain the necessary level of security security objects in the Russian Federation, a system of legal norms that regulate relations in the sphere of security, defines the main directions of activity of bodies of State power and administration in this area are formed or converted to security bodies and the mechanism for monitoring and supervision of their activities.
For the direct performance of the security function of the individual, society and State in the system of executive authorities in accordance with the law of State security organs are formed.
Article 5. Security principles the basic principles of security are: the rule of law;
balancing the vital interests of the individual, society and the State;
mutual responsibility of the individual, society and the State to ensure security;
integration with international security systems.
Article 6. Legislative basis for ensuring security security legislative framework is provided by the Constitution of the RSFSR, the present law, laws and other normative acts of the Russian Federation regulating relations in the field of security; the Constitution, laws, other normative acts of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation and legislation authorities krais, oblasts, autonomous oblast and autonomous okrugs, adopted within the limits of their competence in this area; international treaties and agreements concluded or recognized by the Russian Federation.
Article 7. Respect for the rights and freedoms of citizens while ensuring the security of safety it is prohibited to restrict the rights and freedoms of citizens, except as expressly permitted by law.
Citizens, public and other organizations and associations have the right to receive an explanation for the restriction of their rights and freedoms from the bodies responsible for security. Upon request such clarification is given in writing to the terms established by the legislation.

Officials had exceeded his powers in the process of security shall bear responsibility in accordance with the law.
SECTION II. The SECURITY SYSTEM of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION, Article 8. The basic elements of security system security system form the organs of legislative, Executive and judicial powers, State, public and other organizations and associations, citizens who take part in ensuring security in accordance with the law, as well as legislation, regulating relations in the sphere of security.
The establishment of security bodies not established by law of the Russian Federation shall not be permitted.
Article 9. The core functions of the security system the basic functions of the system are: identification and prediction of internal and external threats to the vital interests of security objects, the implementation of complex operational and sustainable measures to prevent and neutralize them;
creating and maintaining the readiness of forces and means to ensure security;
management and security features in everyday circumstances and emergencies;
the implementation of measures to restore normal functioning of security objects in the regions affected by the emergency;
participation in the security arrangements outside the Russian Federation in accordance with international treaties and agreements concluded or recognized by the Russian Federation.
Article 10. Separation of powers authorities in security system ensuring security of individuals, society and the State is exercised on the basis of the separation of legislative, Executive and judicial authorities in this field.
The Supreme Council of the Russian Federation: prioritizes the protection of the essential interests of security objects;
developing a system of legal regulation of relations in the field of security;
establishes the procedure for the Organization and activities of the security bodies;
monitors the personnel policy of public security organs;
at least once a year hears a report of the President of the Russian Federation to ensure the security of the Russian Federation;
determines the budget appropriations for the financing of security bodies and federal programmes in the field of security;
ratify and denounce international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation on security matters. (Part 2 is not valid-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) Executive authority: enforce the laws and other normative acts that regulate relations in the sphere of security;
organize the development and implementation of public security programmes;
implement a system of measures to ensure the security of individuals, society and the State, within the limits of its competence;
in accordance with the law, reorganizing and eliminating form, public security bodies.
Judiciary: protect the constitutional system in the Russian Federation, in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Russian Federation, constitutions and laws of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation;
administer justice in cases involving crimes which threaten the security of individuals, society and the State;
provide judicial protection of citizens, public and other organizations and groups whose rights have been violated in connection with security.
Article 11. Guide the public authorities to ensure the safety of the overall management of the public authorities to ensure the safety of the President of the Russian Federation.
The President of the Russian Federation: headed by the Security Council of the Russian Federation;
together with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation defines the strategy for internal and external security;
supervises and coordinates activities of the State security bodies;
within the limits defined by law competence, operational security solutions;
at least once a year is the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation report on ensuring the security of the Russian Federation. (Paragraphs third and sixth of the second found not applicable-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288), the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation (the Russian Federation): within a certain law competence provides leadership by public authorities to ensure the security of the Russian Federation;
organizes and oversees the development and implementation of measures to ensure the safety of ministries and State committees of the Russian Federation, other subordinate bodies of the Russian Federation, republics of the Russian Federation, territories, oblasts, autonomous oblast, autonomous districts.
Ministries and State committees of the Russian Federation:

within the limits of its competence, on the basis of existing legislation, in accordance with the decisions of the President of the Russian Federation and the decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation shall ensure implementation of federal programmes for the protection of essential interests of security objects;
under this Act within the limits of its competence, formulate internal regulations (the regulations) to ensure security and submit them for consideration by the Security Council.
Article 12. Forces and security forces and security tools created and developed in the Russian Federation in accordance with the decisions of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, short-term and long-term federal security software.
Security forces include: armed forces, federal security agencies, internal affairs bodies, external intelligence, security, legislative, Executive, judicial authorities and their senior officials, tax service; State fire service authorities emergency services, civil defence; internal troops; authorities to ensure the safe conduct of work in industry, energy, transport and agriculture; security services communications and information, customs, environmental, public health and other public security authorities, acting in accordance with the law. (As amended by the federal laws of 25.07.2002 N 116-FZ; from 07.03.2005 N 15-FL; from 26.06.2008 N 103-FZ) of the Ministry of security of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, other bodies of executive power, using its special forces activities and tools that apply only within the limits of its competence and in accordance with the law.
Heads of security organs in accordance with the law are responsible for violation of the established order of their activities.
SECTION III. The SECURITY COUNCIL of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION, Article 13. The status of the Security Council of the Russian Federation the Russian Federation Security Council is a constitutional body responsible for preparing the decisions of the President of the Russian Federation in the field of security.
The Security Council of the Russian Federation considers the issues of internal and foreign policy of the Russian Federation in the field of security, strategic issues of the State, economic, social, defence, information, environmental and other kinds of security, public health, forecasting, emergency prevention and mitigation, ensuring stability and the rule of law and responsible before the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation for the protection of the vital interests of the individual, society and the State against external and internal threats.
Article 14. The composition of the Security Council of the Russian Federation and the formation of the Security Council of the Russian Federation is formed on the basis of the Constitution of the RSFSR, the Act of the RSFSR "on the President of the RSFSR and the present law.
The composition of the Security Council of the Russian Federation consists of: the President, the Secretary-General, the permanent members and the members of the Security Council. The Secretary-General, the permanent members and the members of the Security Council can be citizens of the Russian Federation, not having the nationality of a foreign State or residence permit or other document confirming the right of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation on the territory of a foreign State. (As amended by federal law from 25.07.2006 N 128-FZ) by the President of the Security Council is ex officio the President of the Russian Federation.
In the number of permanent members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation consists of positions: Vice President of the Russian Federation, first Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation (President of the Government of the Russian Federation).
Security Council Secretary is among the permanent members of the Security Council, is appointed by the President of the Russian Federation and confirmed in the post by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
Members of the Security Council may be the heads of federal departments and agencies: economy and finance, Foreign Affairs, justice, defence, security, internal affairs, ecology and natural resources, health, Foreign Intelligence Services, as well as other officials, appointed by the President of the Russian Federation with the consent of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. (Part of the fourth-sixth found not applicable-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) in meetings of the Security Council is involved, the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation or on his behalf by the Vice-Chairman. (Part amended by-law of the Russian Federation from 25.12.92 N 4235-I)

Depending on the contents of the issue under consideration, the Security Council of the Russian Federation may engage in meetings on the rights of the consultants and others.
When dealing with issues of security in the territories of the republics within the Russian Federation, territories, oblasts, autonomous oblast and autonomous okrugs, to participate in the work of the Security Council have enlisted their authorised representatives, as well as the Chairman of the State Committee of the Russian Federation on national policies.
Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation may not be part of the Administration, fiduciary or advisory boards and other bodies of foreign non-profit non-governmental organizations and operating in the territory of the Russian Federation of their structural units, unless otherwise stipulated by an international treaty of the Russian Federation or the legislation of the Russian Federation. Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation may not combine their core activities with other paid activity, financed solely by means of foreign States, international organizations and foreign organizations, foreign citizens and persons without citizenship, unless otherwise stipulated by an international treaty of the Russian Federation or the legislation of the Russian Federation. (Part is supplemented by Federal Act dated 02.03.2007 N 24-FZ) Article 15. The main tasks of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, the main tasks of the Security Council of the Russian Federation are: definition of the vital interests of the individual, society and the State and to identify internal and external threats to security objects;
development of main directions of the strategy for ensuring the security of the Russian Federation Federal programmes and training its security;
preparation of recommendations to the President of the Russian Federation for decisions on matters of domestic and foreign policy in the field of the security of individuals, society and the State;
preparation of operational decisions on the prevention of emergency situations that may result in significant socio-political, economic, military, ecological and other consequences, and their elimination;
preparation of proposals to the President of the Russian Federation to introduce, extend or abrogate a State of emergency;
working out proposals on coordination of the activities of executive authorities in the process of implementing the decisions taken in the field of safety and assessment of their effectiveness;
improvement of the security system through the formulation of proposals for reforming existing or establishing new bodies, to ensure the security of individuals, society and the State.
Article 16. Decision-making by the Security Council of the Russian Federation Russian Federation Security Council meetings are held at least once a month. In case of need can be extraordinary meetings of the Council.
The permanent members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation have equal rights when making decisions. The members of the Security Council to participate in its work with the right of deliberative vote.
Decisions are taken by the Security Council of the Russian Federation at its meeting, the permanent members of the Security Council, by a simple majority of votes from the total number and shall enter into force upon approval by the Chairman of the Security Council.
The decisions of the Security Council on security matters are issued decrees of the President of the Russian Federation.
Article 17. Interagency Commission of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, the Security Council of the Russian Federation in accordance with the main objectives of its activity forms a permanent inter-ministerial Commission that may be functional or regional basis.
If necessary make proposals to prevent emergencies and specific issues of stability and the rule of law in society and the State, the protection of the constitutional order, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation the Security Council of the Russian Federation may be generated temporary inter-ministerial commissions.
The procedure for the formation of permanent and temporary interdepartmental commissions is regulated by the Position of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, approved by the President of the Russian Federation by agreement with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
By a decision of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Permanent and temporary inter-ministerial commissions can be headed by members of the Security Council, as well as the heads of relevant ministries and agencies of the Russian Federation, their alternates or persons authorized by the President of the Russian Federation.
Article 18. The apparatus of Security Council of the Russian Federation organizational-technical and information support for the activities of the Security Council of the Russian Federation carries out his Office, chaired by the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

Structure and staffing of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, as well as its subdivisions approved by the President of the Security Council.
Article 19. The main tasks of interagency commissions and the Office of the Security Council of the Russian Federation On inter-ministerial commissions and of the Security Council of the Russian Federation are entrusted: evaluation of internal and external threats to the vital interests of security objects, identification of sources of danger;
preparation of scientifically sound forecasts changes in the internal and external conditions and factors affecting the security of the Russian Federation;
development and coordination of Federal programs to ensure the security of the Russian Federation and an assessment of their effectiveness;
accumulation, processing and analysis of information on the functioning of the security management system of the Russian Federation, elaboration of recommendations on its improvement;
informing the Security Council of the Russian Federation on the implementation of its decisions;
Organization of scientific research in the field of security;
preparation of draft decisions of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, as well as draft decrees of the President of the Russian Federation on security issues;
inputs to the report of the President of the Russian Federation Supreme Council of the Russian Federation on ensuring the security of the Russian Federation.
SECTION IV. FUNDING for the ENSURE the SAFETY Article 20. Funding for the ensure security funding security depending on the content and scope of the programmes, the nature of emergencies and their effects is carried out by means of the Republican budget of the Russian Federation, republics of the Russian Federation, territories and regions, autonomous oblast, autonomous counties, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as extrabudgetary funds.
SECTION v. monitoring and supervision to ENSURE the SAFETY of Article 21. Supervision on the safety monitoring of security conducts the Russian Federation Supreme Council through the Council of the Republic and the Council of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, the relevant standing committees of Chambers and committees of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation in accordance with the current legislation. (Part one is not valid-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) public authorities and the Office of the Russian Federation, within its competence, monitor the activities of ministries and departments, enterprises, institutions and organizations to ensure security.
Voluntary and other associations and organizations, citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to receive them in accordance with current legislation, information on the activities of the security authorities.
Article 22. Supervision of legality of activities of security authorities monitor the legality of the activities of the bodies carries out security of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation and the prosecutors subordinate to him.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. YELTSIN Moscow, Russia March 5, 1992 House Tips N 2446-I