About Security

Original Language Title: О безопасности

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Spagle Force-Federal Law of 28.12.2010 N 390-FZ A for the Russian Federation O(In the wording of the Russian Federation Act from 25.12.92. N 4235-I; federal laws of 25.07.2002 N 116-FZ; of 07.03.2005 N 15-FZ; of 25.07.2006 N 128-FZ; of 02.03.2007 N 24-FZ; dated 26.06.2008 N 103-FZ) This Law enshrits the legal foundations of security of the individual, society and the state, defines the security system and its functions, establishes the organization and financing of organs Ensuring security and monitoring and oversight of the legality of their activities. SECTION I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. The notion of security and its objects Security is a state of protection of vital interests of the individual, society and the state from internal and external threats. vital interests are a set of needs, the satisfaction of which reliably ensures the existence and potential of progressive development of the individual, society and the state. The main objects of security are: the person's rights and freedoms; the society is its material and spiritual values; the State is its constitutional order, sovereignty and territorial integrity. Article 2. Security Principals The main security principal is the State exercising functions in this area through the legislative, executive and judicial branches. " The State shall, in accordance with the legislation in force, ensure the security of every citizen in the territory of the Russian Federation. Citizens of the Russian Federation who are abroad shall be guaranteed protection and protection by the State. Citizens, public and other organizations and associations are security subjects, have rights and obligations to participate in ensuring security in accordance with Russian legislation and legislation of the Russian Federation, the normative acts of the State authorities and the administration of the provinces, regions, autonomous regions and autonomous prefecates within their competence in this area. The State shall provide legal and social protection to citizens, public and other organizations and associations that assist in ensuring security in accordance with the law. Article 3. Security threat The threat to security is a combination of conditions and factors that endanger the vital interests of the individual, society and the State. The actual and potential threat to security posed by internal and external sources determines the content of internal and external security. Article 4. Security Security is achieved through a unified state security policy, a system of economic, political, organizational and other measures, adequate threats to life The important interests of the individual, society and the State. In order to create and maintain the necessary level of security of the security facilities in the Russian Federation, a system of legal norms regulating relations in the sphere of security is being developed and the main areas of activity are defined. The organs of State authority and administration in this area are formed or transformed by the security organs and the mechanism for monitoring and oversight of their activities. In order to carry out the functions of ensuring the security of the individual, the society and the state in the system of executive power, in accordance with the law, are the State security agencies. Article 5. Security principles Basic security principles are: rule of law; balancing vital interests of the individual, society and the state; The responsibility of the individual, society and the State to ensure security; integration with international security systems. Article 6. The legislative framework for security [ [ Constitution of the RSFSR]], this Law, and other regulations of the Russian Federation regulate relations in the field of security The Constitution, the laws, other normative acts of the republics of the Russian Federation and the normative acts of the organs of state power and the administration of the provinces, regions, autonomous regions and autonomous prefects, adopted within their competence, international treaties and agreements concluded or recognized Russian Federation. Article 7. Observance of citizens ' rights and freedoms while ensuring security When ensuring security, the rights and freedoms of citizens are not restricted, except in cases expressly provided for by law. Citizens, public and other organizations and associations have the right to seek clarification on the restriction of their rights and freedoms from the security organs. At their request, such explanations shall be given in writing within the time limits prescribed by law. Officials exceeding their authority in the security process shall be liable in accordance with the law. SECTION II. IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The main elements of the security system are the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, public, social and other organizations and associations, citizens participating in the security system. Security in accordance with the law, as well as the legislation governing relations in the field of security. The establishment of security agencies not established by the Russian Federation law is not permitted. Article 9. The main security features of the security system are: Identify and forecast internal and external threats to the vital security interests, and implement the complex Operational and long-term measures for their prevention and neutralization; create and maintain the readiness of security forces and means; Force and security management in the daily context and emergency situations; Implementation of the system of measures for Restoration of normal operation of security facilities in regions affected by the emergency; participation in security arrangements outside the Russian Federation in accordance with with international treaties and agreements concluded or recognized by the Russian Federation. Article 10. The division of powers of the authorities in the security system Ensuring the security of the person, society and the State is exercised through the separation of powers of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the State the authorities in this area. Supreme Council of the Russian Federation: defines priorities for protecting vital security interests; is developing a system of legal regulation of security relations; establishes the organization and operations of the security agencies; monitors the personnel policy of the State security agencies; , at least once a year, hears the report THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Part Two) is not valid-Decree of the President of the Russian Federation N 2288) The executive authorities: enforce laws and other regulations governing security relations; organize the development and implementation of public Security programs; implement a system of activities to ensure the security of the individual, society and the state within its competence; , in accordance with the law, forms, reorganizes and eliminates State security agencies. The judiciary: provides for the protection of the constitutional order in the Russian Federation, guided by the Constitution of the RSFSR and the laws of the Russian Federation, the Constitutions and the laws of the constituent republics of the Russian Federation; Provide justice in cases of crimes that infringe on the security of the individual, society and the State; provide judicial protection to citizens, public and other organizations and associations whose rights have been violated in connection with Security activities. Article 11. The President of the Russian Federation is the head of state security agencies . President of the Russian Federation: leads the Security Council of the Russian Federation; together with the Supreme The Council of the Russian Federation defines a strategy for ensuring internal and external security; oversees and coordinates the activities of state security agencies; within the limits of a certain law the competence of the Conference of the The Security Council of the Russian Federation shall submit to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation a report on the security of the Russian Federation at least once a year. (Paragraphs 3 and 6 of Part Two are deemed not to be in force) of the Russian Federation N 2288) The Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation (Government of the Russian Federation): , within the limits of the competence of the Russian Federation, provides the leadership of the State security services to the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION regions, autonomous regions. Ministry and State committees of the Russian Federation: , within the limits of their competence, on the basis of the legislation in force, in accordance with the decisions of the President of the Russian Federation and the decisions of the Government The Russian Federation ensures the implementation of federal programmes for the protection of vital security interests; under this Act, within the limits of its competence, develop internal instructions (provisions) on and submit them to Security Council. Article 12. In accordance with the decisions of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation and the decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, Short-term and long-term federal security programmes. The security forces include: the Armed Forces, the federal security agencies, the internal affairs agencies, the external intelligence services, the security of the legislative, executive, judicial and supreme organs of the judiciary. officials, tax authorities; State Fire Service, Emergency Response Services, Civil Defence Forces; Internal Troops; Safe Authority in industry, energy, transport and rural facilities; communications and information security services, customs authorities, environmental protection authorities, public health authorities and other State security agencies operating on Legislative authority. In the wording of federal laws, 25.07.2002. N 116-FZ; 07.03.2005 N 15-FZ; dated 26.06.2008 The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, other executive bodies using special forces and means are operating only within the limits of its competence and in accordance with the law. The heads of the security agencies are responsible under the law for breaking the established procedure for their activities. SECTION III. SECURITY COUNCIL OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 13. The status of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Russian Security Council is a constitutional body implementing OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Russian Federation's Security Council considers issues of domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Federation in the field of security, strategic issues of state, economic, social, defense, and defense. Information, environmental and other types of security, public health, forecasting, emergency prevention and management, stability and law and order, and accountability to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation Federation for the Protection of Critical Interests personalities, societies and States from external and internal threats. Article 14. The composition of the Security Council of the Russian Federation and its formation The Security Council of the Russian Federation is formed on the basis of the Constitution of the RSFSR, the RSFSR Law " About the President of the RSFSR" and this Law. The Security Council of the Russian Federation consists of the President, the Secretary, permanent members and members of the Security Council. Citizens of the Russian Federation who do not have the nationality of a foreign State or a residence permit or other document confirming their right to permanent residence may be the Secretary, permanent members and members of the Security Council. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of Federal Law of 25.07.2006) N 128-FZ President of the Security Council is the President of the Russian Federation. The permanent members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation include the Vice President of the Russian Federation, First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, and the President of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Secretary of the Security Council is one of the permanent members of the Security Council, appointed by the President of the Russian Federation and approved by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. Members of the Security Council may be heads of federal ministries and departments: economy and finance, foreign affairs, justice, defence, security, internal affairs, environment and natural resources, health, and services OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION class="doclink " href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102015025&backlink=1 & &nd=102027852 "target="contents" title= " "> from 24.12.93 y. N 2288) The meeting of the Security Council is attended by the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation or on his behalf by the Vice-Chairman. (Part added-Law of the Russian Federation of 25.12.92 g. N 4235-I Depending on the content of the issue under consideration, the Security Council of the Russian Federation may call for participation in meetings on the rights of consultants and other persons. When considering security issues in the territories of the republics of the Russian Federation, territories, regions, autonomous regions and autonomous regions to participate in the work of the Security Council, their plenipotentiaries are invited to participate in the work of the Security Council. Representatives, as well as the Chairman of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for National Policy. Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation may not be a member of the governing bodies, boards of trustee or supervisory boards, other bodies of foreign non-profit non-governmental organizations; and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation is not entitled to combine its main activities with other paid activities financed exclusively by means of foreign States, international and foreign organizations, and foreign Citizens and stateless persons, unless otherwise provided by the international treaty of the Russian Federation or the legislation of the Russian Federation. (Part added-Federal Law of 02.03.2007) N 24-FZ) Article 15. The main tasks of the Security Council Russian Federation The main tasks of the Security Council of the Russian Federation are: Identification of vital interests of the individual, society and the state, and identification of internal and external threats to security; THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION the internal and external security policies of the individual, society and the State; preparation of rapid solutions for the prevention of emergency situations that may involve significant socio-political, economic, military, environmental and other consequences, and for organizing their liquidation; preparation of proposals to the President of the Russian Federation for the introduction, extension or lifting of the state of emergency; Coordination of the activities of the executive branch of the Realization of security decisions and evaluation of their effectiveness; improvement of the security management system by developing proposals for reforming existing or creating new bodies; to ensure the security of the individual, society and the State. Article 16. The procedure for taking decisions by the Security Council of the Russian Federation The Security Council of the Russian Federation is held at least once a month. If necessary, extraordinary meetings of the Council may be held. Permanent members of the Security Council of the Russian Federation have equal rights in making decisions. Members of the Security Council participate in his work with the right of deliberative vote. Decisions of the Security Council of the Russian Federation are adopted at its meeting by the permanent members of the Security Council by a simple majority of their total number and shall enter into force upon approval by the President of the Security Council. Security Council decisions on security matters are issued by decrees of the President of the Russian Federation. Article 17. The Interdepartmental Commission of the Security Council of the Russian Federation , the Security Council of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the main tasks of its activities, forms standing interdepartmental commissions that can be created on a functional or a regional basis. When it is necessary to develop proposals for the prevention of emergencies and the elimination of their consequences, separate problems of ensuring stability and law and order in society and the state, protection of the constitutional order, The Russian Federation's sovereignty and territorial integrity could be established by temporary interministerial commissions. The procedure for forming permanent and temporary interdepartmental commissions is regulated by the Regulations on the Security Council of the Russian Federation, approved by the President of the Russian Federation in coordination with the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Permanent and provisional interdepartmental commissions may be chaired by members of the Security Council, as well as by heads of relevant ministries and departments of the Russian Federation, as well as by the heads of the relevant ministries and agencies of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 18. The Russian Security Council's Office of the Security Council is headed by the Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The structure and staffing of the Office of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, as well as the provisions on its units, are approved by the President of the Security Council. Article 19. The main tasks of the interagency commissions and of the Russian Federation Security Council Office of the Russian Federation to interdepartmental commissions and the Security Council of the Russian Federation are: internal and external threats to the vital security interests, identification of sources of danger; preparation of science-based projections of internal and external conditions and factors affecting security Russian Federation; Development and coordination of federal OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Improving; informing the Security Council of the Russian Federation on the implementation of its decisions; organizing scientific security research; drafting Council decisions OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION SECTION IV. FINANCING THE SECURITY OF SECURITY ACTIVITIES Article 20. Security { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 & } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Security { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Security { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } Security { \cs6\f1\cf6\lang1024 } The budget of the republican budget of the Russian Federation, the republics of the Russian Federation, the regions and regions, the autonomous regions, the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as the extrabudgetary funds. SECTION V. VERIFICATION AND OVERSIGHT OF THE ACTIVITIES OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL Article 21. Supervision of security security The Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, through the Council of the Republic and the Council of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Part One is not valid-Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 24.12.93 g. N 2288) State authority and administration of the Russian Federation shall, within the limits of its competence, supervise the activities of the ministries and departments, enterprises, institutions and organizations responsible for ensuring security. Public and other associations and organizations, citizens of the Russian Federation are entitled to receive information on the activities of the security agencies in accordance with the legislation in force. Article 22. The Procurator-General of the Russian Federation and the procurators subordinate to him are supervised by the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation. President of the Russian Federation ELTSIN Moscow, House of Soviet Russia 5 March 1992 N 2446-I