On Foreign Intelligence

Original Language Title: О внешней разведке

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102017360

Expired-the Federal law dated 10.01.96 N 5-FZ z and c o n RUSSIAN Federation Foreign Intelligence the present law defines the status, the basis for the Organization and functioning of the foreign intelligence service of the Russian Federation, the procedure for the monitoring and supervision of its activities.
R a w d e l I General provisions article 1. Russian Federation Foreign Intelligence foreign intelligence is an integral part of the Russian Federation security forces of the Russian Federation, to protect the security of individuals, society and the State against external threats using certain methods and means of this law.
Article 2. Intelligence Reconnaissance activities are carried out by a specially created State bodies, bodies of foreign intelligence-by: obtaining and processing information about issues affecting the vital interests of the Russian Federation, real and potential, actions, plans and intentions of foreign States, organizations and individuals (hereinafter-intelligence);
assist in the implementation of the measures undertaken by the State to ensure the security of the Russian Federation.
The need to implement the intelligence activities define the supreme legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation, on the basis of the impossibility or inexpedience to ensure the security of the Russian Federation in other ways.
Article 3. The legal basis for intelligence activities legal basis for intelligence activities shall be the Constitution of the Russian Federation-Russia, the present law and other legislative acts of the Russian Federation relating to foreign intelligence.
Foreign intelligence bodies within its competence and in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation to issue regulatory acts that govern their activities.
Article 4. The principles of intelligence Reconnaissance activities on the basis of the following principles: the separation of powers of the State security bodies;
the rule of law;
respect for the rights and freedoms of the individual;
ownership and accountability the supreme legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation.
Article 5. The purpose of Intelligence Purposes intelligence activities are: ensuring the highest organs of legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation intelligence they need for decision-making in the political, economic, military, scientific, technological and environmental fields;
ensuring conditions conducive to the successful implementation of the policy of the Russian Federation in the field of security;
the promotion of economic development and scientific and technological progress of the country through obtaining foreign intelligence bodies, economic, scientific and technical information, including in hard form and provide it to the State bodies, as determined by the President of the Russian Federation.
Intelligence activities cannot be implemented to achieve the objectives of the inhuman, as well as for the achievement of purposes not provided for in this Act.
Article 6. Foreign Intelligence authority to achieve the objectives of the intelligence activities of foreign intelligence the Russian Federation is granted the following powers: establishing confidential relations of cooperation with persons voluntarily providing the consent;
implementation of encrypting personnel and to organize its activities using a departmental affiliation;
usage zashifrovyvajushhih identity documents conspiracy employees staffing, institutional affiliation units, organizations, premises and vehicles of foreign intelligence;
interaction with Counterintelligence authorities of the Russian Federation;
conclusion with ministries, departments, institutions, enterprises and organizations of the Russian Federation agreements needed to implement the intelligence activities;
security agencies of the Russian Federation situated outside its territory, and seconded abroad of citizens of the Russian Federation in the course of their work have access to the information constituting a State secret;
interaction with the intelligence and Counterintelligence Services of foreign States in the order established by this law;
the creation of special educational institutions, institutions for perfectionning, research organizations, information systems and archives, release special editions;
ensure your own safety;
the establishment of institutional structures (entities), necessary for the functioning of the organs of the foreign intelligence service.
Article 7. Funding and logistical support to foreign intelligence bodies

Foreign intelligence bodies are financed from the federal budget of the Russian Federation. Draft estimates for foreign intelligence bodies are considered to be determined by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation permanent commissions of Chambers and committees of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation and approved in a closed session of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.
Logistical support to foreign intelligence bodies is carried out centrally by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 8. Protection of information about foreign intelligence organs, a person permitted to information about foreign intelligence bodies, runs the procedure for admission to the information constituting State or other secret specially protected by the law, if otherwise is not stipulated by the laws of the Russian Federation. This procedure includes a commitment not to disclose this information. Violation of this obligation entails the liability established by law.
Archives of the foreign intelligence bodies, representing the historical and scientific value, rassekrechivaemye in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation shall be transferred to the State archive of the Russian Federation.
Materials foreign intelligence bodies, containing information about their staff, persons having (had) a confidential assistance to foreign intelligence used these methods and means bodies are stored in the archives of the foreign intelligence bodies.
Article 9. Communication with foreign intelligence bodies of public relations of the Russian Federation to inform the public of its activities the foreign intelligence authorities, their staff communicate with community organizations, the media and citizens of the Russian Federation through specially formed for this purpose, the appropriate services in their structure.
Media materials about activities of the foreign intelligence service of the Russian Federation shall not contain information constituting State or other secret specially protected by the law.
Is not subject to disclosure information affecting privacy, honour and dignity of citizens, which has become known for foreign intelligence bodies in the course of their activities, except in the cases prescribed by law.
In order to prevent the possible use of mass media for the disclosure of information about foreign intelligence organs of State or other secret specially protected by the law, the authors prepared for publication about foreign intelligence or the media who have received these materials may seek expert advice to the appropriate authorities of the foreign intelligence service, which should in this case to establish the presence or absence of specified information and to submit such a conclusion to the author or media outlet.
Publication of media materials on foreign intelligence, not travelling on expert opinion or according to the conclusion information constituting State or other secret specially protected by the law, which led to their disclosure and foreign intelligence bodies and their staff of moral or material injury, shall be provided for by the law of criminal and civil liability.
R a w d e l II ORGANIZATION of the ACTIVITIES of FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE BODIES Article 10. Education authorities of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance activities are carried out as independent and outside of other ministries and departments of foreign intelligence agencies.
Creation, reorganization, and abolishment of autonomous authority of the foreign intelligence service is carried out in a manner to be determined by the law governing the education ministries and departments.
Decision on the establishment, reorganization, and abolishment of the authority of the foreign intelligence service in the Ministry or agency was adopted by the President of the Russian Federation on the proposal of the head of the Ministry concerned, departments.
Provisions on the independent authority of the foreign intelligence service, as well as about the Ministry and the Office, which includes authority of the foreign intelligence service, approved by the President of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. The scope of activities of bodies of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance activities are carried out: the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation, in the political, economic, scientific, technical, and environmental fields, as well as in the sphere of security agencies of the Russian Federation situated outside its territory, and seconded abroad of citizens of the Russian Federation in the course of their work have access to the information constituting a State secret;
the authority of the foreign intelligence service of the Russian Federation Defense Ministry military, military-political, military-technical and military-economic spheres;
the authority of the foreign intelligence service of the Federal Agency for Government communications and information under the President of the Russian Federation in the sphere of encrypting, classified and other types of special communication.
Article 12. The foreign intelligence authorities Guide

Overall management of foreign intelligence bodies, the President of the Russian Federation.
The President of the Russian Federation: defines together with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation intelligence strategy;
supervises and coordinates activities of foreign intelligence bodies;
within the limits defined by law competence of the decision on issues relating to foreign intelligence;
appoints the heads of independent foreign intelligence bodies of the Russian Federation;
approve the Community budget upon the submission of the relevant ministries and departments, the appointment of the heads of the foreign intelligence service, are included in these ministries and agencies.
Article 13. Methods and tools for intelligence activities in the process of intelligence activities of the foreign intelligence authorities may use vowels and undercover methods and tools, the specific nature of which is determined by the conditions of this activity.
Methods and means of intelligence activities should not cause damage to life and health of people and the environment Wednesday.
The use of methods and means of intelligence activities against citizens of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation is not allowed.
Foreign intelligence bodies to achieve the objectives of intelligence activities has the right to use information systems, video and audio, film and photography, removing information from the technical communication channels, as well as other methods and tools which meet the requirements of paragraph 2 of this article.
How to use undercover methods and means of intelligence activities is determined by normative acts of an independent authority or external intelligence ministries, departments, which includes authority of the foreign intelligence service. These acts are adopted them within the limits of its competence, in consultation with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation as defined by committees of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.
Content of the regulations on the use of covert methods and means of intelligence activities is a State secret.
Ensure your own safety is monitored by the foreign intelligence service in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation "on operational investigative activities in the Russian Federation".
Article 14. Provision of intelligence Reconnaissance information is provided by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation and identified by their State authorities.
The heads of the foreign intelligence bodies are accountable to the higher organs of legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation for accuracy, objectivity and timeliness of intelligence.
Leaders and other officials who received the specified intelligence information, as well as people's deputies of the Russian Federation, of which it is granted, the proposed law bear responsibility for improper disclosure of information constituting a State secret or disclosing the sources of acquiring this information.
Article 15. Principles and forms of interaction between foreign intelligence bodies, bodies of foreign intelligence with Counterintelligence authorities of the Russian Federation, as well as the intelligence and Counterintelligence Services of foreign States the principles and forms of interaction between bodies of foreign intelligence and foreign intelligence bodies with Counterintelligence authorities of the Russian Federation shall be determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation concluded on the basis thereof and agreements between them.
Relationship between foreign intelligence bodies of the Russian Federation with the intelligence and Counterintelligence Services of foreign States are established on the basis of bilateral (multilateral) agreements.
Article 16. Relationships with foreign intelligence bodies, ministries, departments, institutions, enterprises and organizations of the Russian Federation ministries and departments of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence bodies have assisted the Russian Federation in carrying out intelligence activities, if it is not connected with the change of the main activities of these ministries and agencies. Reimbursement for such assistance is made at the expense of foreign intelligence bodies.
The procedure for cooperation with foreign intelligence bodies, ministries and agencies on matters related to assist these bodies in carrying out intelligence activities is determined by the President of the Russian Federation.
The terms of the relationship with foreign intelligence bodies, ministries, departments, institutions, enterprises and organizations of the Russian Federation shall be established on the basis of the relevant bilateral agreements with them.
R a w d e l III legal status and SOCIAL PROTECTION of FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS and persons assisting THOSE BODIES Article 17. Foreign intelligence officials

Foreign intelligence officials, soldiers and servants are staffing and non-staffing soldiers, servants and workers voluntarily received respectively on active military service or work in these bodies.
A foreign intelligence may be a citizen of the Russian Federation, capable according to their competencies, age, education and health to fulfil its mandated responsibilities.
Military foreign intelligence bodies, subject to appropriate provisions on service in the armed forces, taking into account the established by the legislation of the Russian Federation exceptions due to the specificity of their functions.
For the employees and workers of foreign intelligence bodies subject to the rights, obligations and benefits under the labour legislation and other legislative acts of the Russian Federation.
Employees workforce and military foreign intelligence bodies may not join political parties, public organizations and mass movements that pursue political goals.
Employees, not part of the staff and workers of foreign intelligence bodies cannot create organizational structures of political parties, public organizations and mass movements that pursue political goals.
Article 18. Composition of foreign intelligence bodies to the personnel composition of foreign intelligence bodies are appointed to corresponding posts, soldiers and servants foreign intelligence bodies whose responsibilities are directly related to the implementation of intelligence activities. The composition of the list of posts is determined by the corresponding body of the foreign intelligence service.
Information about specific individuals to the personnel composition of foreign intelligence bodies constitute a State secret.
The composition of the staff to perform their duties may, in accordance with the requirements of this law without decrypting them belonging to foreign intelligence bodies occupy positions in ministries, departments, establishments, enterprises and organizations.
The composition of the staff of foreign intelligence bodies are forbidden to take part in unofficial representative bodies or judicial authorities, as well as voluntary associations and religious organizations in the Russian Federation with a view to influencing the nature of their activities.
The composition of the staff of the foreign intelligence authorities may not, unless it is of the service may require, to engage in part-time other payable activity, except scientific, teaching and creative work carried out with the consent of the head of the authority of the foreign intelligence service.
Article 19. Persons providing confidential assistance to foreign intelligence bodies to achieve the objectives of the intelligence activities of the foreign intelligence authorities may impose on a grant or reimbursable cooperation relations with adult capable persons voluntarily providing consent to provide confidential assistance to foreign intelligence. The relationship of such persons is determined by normative acts of these bodies, adopted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The foreign intelligence authorities do not have the right to ask for confidential assistance to people's deputies, judges and prosecutors at all levels in the Russian Federation.
Information on persons providing confidential assistance (have been) foreign intelligence bodies, constitute a State secret. Access to this information only authorized staff of the appropriate authority of the foreign intelligence service.
In order to ensure the safety of persons providing confidential assistance (have been) foreign intelligence bodies, and members of their families can be taken for their protection, not violate the rights and lawful interests of other persons. The procedure for conducting such activities shall be determined by the President of the Russian Federation.
Article 20. The legal position of foreign intelligence officers of foreign intelligence officers shall perform the duties and have the rights provided by law for citizens of the Russian Federation, with the exception of restrictions established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Soldiers, servants and working bodies of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence in the performance of their duties, are protected by the State. No one except the bodies and officials directly authorized by law, is not entitled to interfere with their performance.
The status of foreign intelligence officer cannot be used for purposes other than the performance of its responsibilities.
Article 21. Foreign intelligence officials responsible for violations of the foreign intelligence officers were responsible for the offences in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Belonging to the authority of the foreign intelligence service and involvement in the implementation of intelligence activities do not absolve his staff from its liability to the laws of the Russian Federation.

Article 22. Social protection of foreign intelligence officers and members of their families, the social protection of foreign intelligence officers and members of their families is guaranteed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
All employees of the staffing of these bodies are subject to mandatory State personal insurance from the federal budget of the Russian Federation on their fifteen-year salaries.
Harm caused to the employee staffing authority of the foreign intelligence service or a member of his family as a result of damage to health in connection with the implementation of intelligence activities shall be compensated in full in the part exceeding the amount of the pension that is assigned to the base, at the expense of the federal budget of the Russian Federation. Of these same means designated individuals a one-time allowance in the amount of their annual up to seven-year allowance depending on the degree of disability.
In the event of the death of the employee staffing authority of the foreign intelligence service or a member of his family in connection with the implementation of intelligence activities, the State pays the costs of preparation for transport and the transport of mortal remains to the place of burial, stipulated in the will or designated next of kin, and in their absence-the leadership authority of the foreign intelligence service, as well as at their disposal. The family of the deceased a one-time allowance in the amount of his fifteen-year salaries. In addition, it enjoys the privileges in matters of social security, in the manner provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The State has the obligation to facilitate unconditional release of employee staffing authority of the foreign intelligence service and members of his family, detained or arrested outside the territory of the Russian Federation in connection with the implementation of intelligence activities.
In the event of total or partial loss of employee staffing the foreign intelligence organ suitability as a result of its decryption or other reasons beyond its control, the authority of the foreign intelligence service is obliged to employ or to create conditions, including related expenses for retraining.
Property damage caused by the staffing officer of the authority of the foreign intelligence service and members of his family in connection with the implementation of intelligence activities shall be compensated for by the State at the expense of the federal budget of the Russian Federation in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
In the case of attracting foreign intelligence officers outside the personnel, to perform occasional reconnaissance missions and attack in connection with the consequences described in parts of the third seventh of this article are subject to the benefits and privileges provided to employees staffing the foreign intelligence bodies.
Article 23. Social protection of persons providing (had) a confidential assistance to individuals providing foreign intelligence (facilitators) confidential assistance to foreign intelligence and are not citizens of the Russian Federation can be granted citizenship of the Russian Federation. Cooperation with such individuals of foreign intelligence agencies is the fact that facilitate the granting of citizenship of the Russian Federation.
The period of cooperation of these individuals taken citizenship of the Russian Federation with foreign intelligence bodies included in their seniority. Their social protection is carried out in accordance with parts of the third-seventh article 22 of this law.
Social protection of persons providing (had) a confidential assistance to foreign intelligence, are not citizens of the Russian Federation, is carried out in accordance with the procedure set out by the President of the Russian Federation.
R a w d e l (IV) MONITORING and SUPERVISION of the FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE AUTHORITIES Article 24. Parliamentary control over the activities of foreign intelligence bodies supervising foreign intelligence authorities is exercised by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation through defined them standing committees of Chambers and committees of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
Heads of the foreign intelligence service report on the activities of these bodies and the expenditure of allocated funds before the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation defined the permanent commissions of the Chambers and committees of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation on their private meetings.
People's deputies of the Russian Federation requested and received information on the activities of foreign intelligence, in accordance with the procedure set out by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
Article 25. Procuracy supervision over implementation of the laws by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance over execution of laws of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence agencies is carried out by the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation and expressly authorized them to prosecutors.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Russian House of Soviets July 8, 1992 N 3245-I