On Education

Original Language Title: Об образовании

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102017382

W a c o n RUSSIAN FEDERATION Education Act Under this Act, education is understood as a purposeful process of training and education for the benefit of the individual, society, State, accompanied by a statement of achievements of the national (students) of certain State educational levels (educational qualifications).
Obtaining national (learners) education refers to achievement and reiteration of a certain educational qualification, which shall be certified by the relevant instrument.
The right to education is one of the fundamental and inalienable constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation.
Education in the Russian Federation shall be exercised in accordance with international law and the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Section I GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. State education policy 1. The Russian Federation declares education a priority.
2. Organizational basis of State policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education is the federal programme for the development of education, accepted the Supreme Legislative authority of the Russian Federation.
3. the federal programme for the development of education is developed and adjusted on a competitive basis. The contest is being advertised by the Government of the Russian Federation.
4. Report of the Government of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the federal programme for the development of education is presented annually to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation and published in the press.
5. In State and municipal educational institutions, education management bodies the establishment and activity of organizational structures of political parties, social-political and religious movements and organizations are not allowed.
Article 2. Principles of State policy in the field of education, the State education policy is based on the following principles: a) the humanistic nature of education, the priority of general human values, human life and health, free development of the personality. Civic education and love for the motherland;
b) Unity federal cultural and educational space. Protection of the education system of national cultures and regional cultural traditions in a multi-ethnic State;
in accessibility, adaptability education) education system to the levels and characteristics of development and training of students and pupils;
g) the secular nature of education in State and municipal educational establishments;
d) freedom and pluralism in education;
e) democratic, public-public management of education. The autonomy of educational institutions.
Article 3. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education includes: the present law under other federal legislative acts of the Russian Federation, as well as laws, legislative and other legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education, taken in accordance with federal laws and applicable on their territories.
2. Federal laws of the Russian Federation in the field of education, including the present law: delimit the competence and responsibility of the federal bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education;
regulate within federal competence in the field of education issues that must be addressed uniformly by all subjects of the Federation. In this part of the federal laws of the Russian Federation in the field of education are the laws directly applicable throughout the territory of the Russian Federation;
enter general installation norms on issues within the competence of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, whereby the latter shall carry out its own legal regulation in the field of education. In this part of the federal laws of the Russian Federation to serve as a legal framework in the field of education.
3. The subjects of the Federation in accordance with their status and competence can make in the field of education laws, legislative and/or other legal acts that are not contrary to federal legislation in the field of education.
Laws, legislation and other legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of education cannot restrict the rights of natural and legal persons, compared with federal legislation in the field of education.
4. Natural and legal persons who violate laws of the Russian Federation in the field of education, bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. Objectives of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education, the Objectives of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education are: (a) the delimitation of competence) in the field of education between the State authorities of different levels;
b) ensuring and protecting the constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation on education;

in the) establishment of legal guarantees for the free functioning and development of the system of education of the Russian Federation;
g) define the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities of individuals and legal entities in the field of education, as well as legal regulation of their relations in this field.
Article 5. The State safeguards the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of education 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation on its territory are guaranteed access to education regardless of race, nationality, language, sex, age, State of health, social, material and official status, social origin, place of residence, attitude to religion, convictions, political affiliation, or criminal record.
Limits on citizens ' rights to education on the basis of gender, age, health status, criminal record can be established only by law.
2. The right of citizens to education is guaranteed by the State through the establishment of a system of education and relevant socio-economic conditions for receiving an education.
3. The State guarantees citizens of the Russian Federation to receive free General and, on a competitive basis, free vocational training in State and municipal educational establishments within the limits of State educational standards if this level of education receives for the first time.
4. Training costs in state-accredited non-public fee-paying institutions implementing educational programs of General and vocational education shall be a citizen of the State in amounts determined by State regulations training costs in the appropriate type and form of State, municipal educational institution.
5. In order to realize the right to education of citizens in need of social assistance, the State shall bear the expenses wholly or partly for their maintenance during the period of their education. Categories of citizens who receive this assistance, its shapes, sizes and sources are defined in the order, established by the Government of the Russian Federation and confirmed by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
6. the State creates citizens with developmental conditions for their education, development and correction of social adaptation on the basis of special pedagogical approaches.
7. the State provides assistance in obtaining an elitist education for citizens who have shown outstanding ability, including by providing special State scholarships, including scholarships for study abroad. The criteria and procedure for granting such scholarships shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 6. Language (s) of study 1. General issues of language policy in education is governed by the law of the RSFSR on languages of peoples of the RSFSR.
2. Citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to receive basic general education in the mother tongue, as well as to choose the language of instruction in the framework of the possibilities offered by the educational system.
The right of citizens to education in their mother tongue is ensured by the establishment of the requisite number of educational institutions, classes and groups, as well as modalities for their functioning.
3. Language (s) in which education and training are conducted in an educational institution is determined by the founder and (or) the Charter educational institutions.
4. the State, in accordance with the international treaties and agreements, provides assistance in obtaining basic general education in the mother tongue of the representatives of the peoples of the Russian Federation living outside its territory.
5. all state-accredited educational institutions, in addition to the pre-school, learning Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation are regulated by the State educational standards.
6. Studying the State languages of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation are governed by the laws of these Republics.
7. the State assists in the preparation of specialists for the implementation of the educational process in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation and stateless.
Article 7. State educational standards 1. In the Russian Federation State educational standards are established, including federal and regional components.
The Russian Federation, in the face of Federal (Central) Government bodies within their competence establishes federal components of the State educational standards that define the compulsory minimum mandatory content of basic education programs, the maximum study load of students, graduates of training requirements.
2. When implementing educational programmes for students with developmental disabilities can be installed in special State educational standards.

3. the procedure for development, approval and introduction of State educational standards determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, except in the cases prescribed by law.
State educational standards for new education programs are introduced not earlier than five years after the start of the programmes.
4. State educational standard of basic general education shall be approved by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.
5. State educational standards are developed on a competitive basis and are specified on the same basis, at least once in ten years. The contest is being advertised by the Government of the Russian Federation.
6. State educational standards are the basis of an objective evaluation of the level of education and qualification of graduates irrespective of their form of education.
Section II Article 8 EDUCATION SYSTEM. The concept of the education system, the education system in the Russian Federation represents a system of successive educational programmes and State educational standards at various levels and focus;
networks implement their educational establishments of various organizational-legal forms, types and species;
the system of education authorities and their subordinated institutions and enterprises.
Article 9. Educational programs 1. Education program defines the content of a certain level of education and orientation. In the Russian Federation implemented educational programs, which are subdivided into: (a)) elementary (basic and advanced);
b) Professional (basic and advanced).
2. Educational programmes aimed at meeting the challenges of a common culture of personality, personality adaptation to social life, laying the foundations for informed choice and development of professional educational programs.
3. the general education program are: s) early childhood education;
b) basic general education;
in basic general education);
g) secondary (full) general education.
4. Professional educational programmes aimed at meeting the challenges of consistent professional and educational level, training of specialists with relevant expertise.
5. Professional include: (a) initial vocational training);
b) secondary vocational education;
higher professional education);
g) postgraduate professional education.
6. The compulsory minimum content of each major curriculum or vocational educational program (for a particular vocation, profession) is set to the appropriate State educational standard.
7. the normative terms of mastering basic educational programs in State and municipal educational establishments shall be determined by the present Law and (or) the provisions on appropriate types and types of educational institutions.
Article 10. Forms of education 1. Taking into account the needs and capacities of the individual educational programs are developed in the following forms: full-time in an educational institution (mostly) and in-service training; in the form of family education, self-education, external studies.
Allowed the combination of different forms of education.
2. For all forms of education within the primary secondary or primary vocational education program operates a unified State educational standard.
3. the list of professions and specialties, which are in-service and external form is not allowed in part the federal competence shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation and confirmed by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Founder (founders) educational institution 1. Founder, founders of educational institutions (hereinafter referred to as the settlor) may be: (a)) public authorities and administrative bodies of local self-government;
b) domestic, foreign and overseas enterprises, institutions of all forms of ownership, their associations and associations;
domestic, foreign) and foreign public and private funds;
g) public and religious organizations, registered on the territory of the Russian Federation;
d) citizens of the Russian Federation and other States.
Allowed the joint Foundation of educational institutions.
2. the relationship between the founder and the educational institution are determined by contract concluded between them, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 12. Educational institutions 1. Education is the institution conducting the educational process, i.e. implementing one or more educational programs and (or) providing for the maintenance and upbringing of pupils, pupils.
2. Educational institution is a legal person.
3. Educational institutions according to their organizational-legal forms can be public, municipal, non-governmental (private, public and religious organizations).

The Federal law of the Russian Federation in the field of education extends to all educational institutions on its territory, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms and subordination.
4. educational institutions include the following types: a) pre-school;
b) educational (primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education);
in) initial vocational, secondary vocational and higher vocational education;
g) Special (correctional) for students, pupils with deviations in development;
d) institutions providing supplementary education;
e) institutions for orphans and children deprived of parental care;
f) other institutions engaged in the educational process.
5. the activities of State and municipal educational institutions governed by the model provisions on appropriate types and types of educational institutions approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, and developed based on these statutes.
Rules of the model regulations cannot restrict the rights of citizens and of educational institutions in comparison with the law.
For private educational institutions, the model provisions serve as exemplary.
6. The status of a State educational institution (type and type of educational institution, as defined in accordance with the level and focus of implemented educational programs) installed when its State accreditation.
7. branches, divisions, subdivisions of educational institution may in his power of attorney to carry out fully or in part the powers of legal entity, including have independent balance and own accounts in banks and other credit institutions.
8. Educational institutions have the right to form associations, complexes, unions and other associations, including institutions, businesses and community organizations. These associations are established in order to develop and improve education and operate in accordance with their charters. The registration and activities of these educational associations shall be regulated by law.
Article 13. Charter educational institutions 1. The Charter mandatory educational institution shall contain: 1.1. Name, location (legal address), the status of educational institutions.
1.2. The founder of educational institutions.
1.3. organizational-legal form of educational institutions.
1.4. objectives of the educational process, types and implemented educational programs.
1.5. Basic characteristics of the Organization of the educational process, including: (a)) language (s), which conducted training and education;
b) procedure for admission of students, pupils;
in) length of study at each stage of education;
g) procedure and grounds for expulsion of students, pupils;
d) rating system with intermediate certification, its shape, order;
e) occupation mode of students, pupils;
f) availability of paid educational services and the manner of their provision;
w) procedure regulations and formalizing arrangements for educational institutions and students, pupils and (or) their parents (or persons acting in loco parentis).
1.6. the structure of financial and economic activity of educational institutions, including: a) the use of property objects contained by the founder for the educational institution;
b) funding and logistical support activities of educational institutions;
in) sources and order of formation property of an educational institution;
g) availability of entrepreneurial activity.
1.7. The management of educational institutions, including: a) the competence of the founder;
b) structure, the procedure for the formation of management bodies of educational institutions, their competence, organization activities;
in staffing) procedure and conditions of remuneration;
g) how to change the Charter educational institutions;
d) procedure for reorganization and liquidation.
1.8. the rights and obligations of the participants of the educational process.
1.9. List of local acts (orders, instructions and other) governing the activities of educational institutions.
2. the statutes of the educational institution civil in the part not regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, developed and adopted by them independently.
3. If necessary, the regulation referred to in this article the parties activities of educational institutions in other local acts of the past must be registered as addenda to the Charter.
4. Local educational institution acts cannot contradict his Charter.
Article 14. General requirements to the content of education 1. The content of education is one of the factors of economic and social progress of society and should be the focus: ensuring the self-determination of the individual, create conditions for self-realization;
on the development of civil society;
on strengthening and improving the rule of law.
2. the content of education should ensure that:

the formation of the student adequate present knowledge and level of education program (grades) picture of the world;
an adequate level of General and vocational world culture;
integration of personality in world and national cultures;
formation of citizen-man integrated in modern it society and aimed at improving this society;
reproduction and development of human resources in society.
3. Vocational training at any level should ensure that learners profession and relevant qualifications.
4. the content of education should promote understanding and cooperation between people, Nations, different racial, national, ethnic, religious and social groups; take into account the diversity of attitudes, facilitate realization of the right of students to a free choice of views and beliefs.
5. the content of education in a particular educational institution defined educational program (educational programs), formulated, adopted and implemented by the educational institution on its own.
State education authorities provide development (based on State educational standards) exemplary educational programs.
6. Educational institution in accordance with its statutory goals and tasks can implement additional educational programs and to provide supplemental educational services outside its status of educational programs.
7. Military training in civilian educational institutions can only be carried out on an optional basis and with the consent of students and (or) parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) at the expense of means and forces concerned.
8. Educational institution with educational programmes takes advantage of cultural institutions.
Article 15. General requirements for the Organization of educational process 1. Organization of educational process in educational institution is regulated by the curriculum (by the content of the educational program on training courses, disciplines and years of training), annual training calendar and schedules, schedule of classes, developed and approved by the educational institution on its own. Public administration education providing exemplary curricula and syllabi of courses, subjects.
2. Public authorities and management bodies of local self-government shall not be entitled to change the curriculum and training schedule of the civilian educational institutions after approval, except for the cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Educational institution alone in choosing rating system, the form, the order and frequency of intermediate certification students.
4. the development of educational programmes, basic general, secondary (full) General and all kinds of professional education ends mandatory final certification of graduates.
5. Scientific-methodical maintenance of outcome assessments and objective quality assurance graduates upon completion of each level of education provided in accordance with State educational standards of public certification service, independent of the education authorities.
6. Discipline in an educational institution is maintained on the basis of respect for the human dignity of pupils, students and teachers. The use of physical and mental violence against students, students are not allowed.
7. Parents (persons acting in loco parentis) juveniles enrolled, students must be provided with an opportunity to review the progress and content of the educational process, as well as assessments of learning achievement of students.
Article 16. General requirements for admission to educational institutions 1. Citizens reception procedure in educational institutions in the part not regulated by law, determined by the founder of the educational institution and enshrined in the Charter of the institution.
Founder sets the order of admission to the municipal educational institutions at the primary General and basic general education, to receive all citizens living in the territory and having the right to receive basic general education.
2. Upon acceptance of the citizen educational institution is obliged to acquaint him and (or) its parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) with the Charter of the institution and other instruments governing the Organization of the educational process.

3. Reception of citizens in State and municipal educational institutions, except special educational institutions and institutions providing supplementary education for secondary (full) general education and professional education shall be made on their applications on a competitive basis. Conditions of the contest should guarantee the rights of citizens in the field of education and to ensure the enrolment of the most capable and prepared to develop the educational program at the appropriate level.
Article 17. The implementation of educational programmes 1. Educational programmes are implemented in pre-schools, elementary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education, including special; in educational establishments for orphans and children left without parental care.
2. Educational programmes of special educational institutions (for students, pupils with special needs) are developed on the basis of basic education programmes, taking into account the peculiarities of psychophysical development and opportunities of students, pupils.
3. Educational programs of preschool, primary General, basic general and secondary (full) general education are preemstvennymi, that is, each subsequent program builds on the previous one.
4. Students at the stage of basic general and basic general education, not mastering school year and programme with academic arrears on two or more subjects, at the discretion of their parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) left on re-learning, translated into classes of compensating training with reduced number of pupils per teacher or continue their education in the form of family education. Students at these levels of education, with the results of the academic year the academic debt on one subject, shall be transferred to the next grade. Responsibility for eliminating their academic debt during the next school year rests with their parents (or persons acting in loco parentis).
Transfer student in any case produced by a decision of the authority of an educational institution.
5. Students not mastering the educational program of the previous level, are not allowed to teach for the next stage of general education.
Article 18. Pre-school education 1. Parents are the first teachers. They must lay the foundations of a physical, moral and intellectual development of the child's personality in its infancy.
2. the State guarantees financial and material support to education in its infancy.
3. For pre-school education, the protection and promotion of their physical and mental health, individual development and the necessary correction of defects in the assistance to the family operates a network of pre-school educational institutions.
4. the relationship between the preschool educational institution and parents (persons substituting them) are governed by the Treaty which cannot limit the rights of the parties in comparison with the law.
5. The local administration organizes and coordinates the methodical, diagnostic and counselling for families with preschool children at home.
Article 19. Primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education 1. General education consists of three levels, appropriate levels of educational programs: primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education.
2. Age is allowed Reception of citizens, and length of study at each level of education are defined in the Charter of the institution.
3. Basic general education and State certification at its end are mandatory.
4. basic general education requirement in relation to a specific pupil remains in force until the child reaches the age of 15, unless the education students had been received earlier.
5. receipt of basic general education in the educational institution full-time is limited to eighteen age student. For the categories of students mentioned in paragraphs 10-12 of article 50, the age limit for obtaining basic education can be increased.
6. By mutual agreement of the parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) and local authority education student who has attained 14 years of age may leave the educational institution to receive basic general education.
7. By a decision of the authority of an educational institution for the Commission of illegal acts, grave and repeated violations of the Charter of the institution allowed exclusion from this educational institution students who have attained the age of 14. The decision on the removal of children-orphans, children left without parental care shall be taken with the consent of the tutorship and guardianship agencies.
Student exception educational institution is obliged, within three days, inform the local authorities.

8. Educational institutions and jointly with enterprises, institutions, organizations can conduct training as additional educational services, including cost, if you have permission on the specified activity (licenses). Initial training is carried out only with the consent of the students and their parents (or persons acting in loco parentis).
Article 20. Implementation of vocational training programmes 1. Professional educational programs, including for learners with special needs and the disabled, are implemented in professional educational institutions, including special. Professional educational institutions with State accreditation, implement these educational programs with the goal of training skilled labour (workers and employees) and specialists at the appropriate level according to lists of professions and specialties, promulgated by the Government of the Russian Federation, and levels of education, established by the present law.
2. The State educational standard for secondary (full) general education within educational programmes for primary or secondary vocational education, a variant tailored profile received vocational training.
3. the existence of any other professional education cannot serve as a basis for refusal of admission to vocational educational institution.
Article 21. Training 1. The training is aimed at accelerating the acquisition of learners with the skills needed to perform a work group works. Training has not been accompanied by an increase in the educational level of the student.
2. where necessary, the State creates conditions for vocational training to persons without basic education.
3. training can be obtained at vocational schools, as well as in the educational departments of the enterprises, institutions, organizations with the appropriate license.
Article 22. Elementary vocational education 1. Initial vocational training is aimed at the training of skilled labour in all main directions of socially useful activities on the base of basic general education.
On individual occupations elementary vocational education can be based on the average of (full) general education.
2. Basic vocational education can be obtained at elementary vocational training institutions (vocational and other colleges this level).
Article 23. Secondary vocational education 1. Secondary vocational education is the training of middle managers, individual needs to increase and expand their education on the basis of the basic general, secondary (full) General or vocational education.
2. citizens, having secondary (full) General or primary vocational education corresponding profile, receive secondary vocational education reduced the accelerated programs.
3. Secondary vocational education can be obtained at educational institutions of secondary vocational education (vocational schools) or at the first step of the educational institutions of higher professional education.
4. Educational institution of secondary vocational education can implement educational programs for initial vocational training under an appropriate license.
Article 24. Higher professional education 1. Higher vocational education is the training and retraining of specialists at the appropriate level, individual needs to increase and expand their education on the basis of secondary (full) General, secondary vocational education.
2. Higher professional education can be acquired at educational institutions of higher professional education (higher educational institutions).
3. Persons with basic vocational training in the field can receive higher professional education at the reduced the accelerated program.
4. Persons with secondary vocational education corresponding profile, receive higher professional education at the reduced the accelerated program.
Article 25. Postgraduate education 1. Postgraduate education provides citizens with an opportunity to raise the level of education, scientific, pedagogic qualifications on the basis of the higher professional education.
2. Postgraduate education may be acquired at graduate school, internship, graduate, created by educational institutions of higher professional education and scientific institutions.
Article 26. Additional education 1. Additional educational programs and services are implemented in order to meet the educational needs of citizens, society and State.

Within each level of vocational education, the main objective of further education is a continuing professional development worker, servant, a specialist in connection with constantly improving educational standards.
2. additional educational programmes include educational programs of various kinds, secondary and professional educational institutions beyond their status as major educational programmes in educational establishments providing supplementary education (institutions, refresher courses, vocational guidance, music and art schools, art schools, children's art houses, stations for young technicians, young naturalists and other stations, licensed), through individual educational activities.
Article 27. Education documents 1. An educational institution shall issue to persons passed certification, the document on the appropriate education and (or) qualification in accordance with the license. The form of the document is determined by the educational institution. Document shall be certified by the seal of the educational institution.
2. With State accreditation and implement comprehensive (excluding pre-school) and professional educational programs educational institutions shall issue persons passed certification, the Government on the education level and (or) qualification.
3. upon completion of the postgraduate education, protection qualification work (theses, work together) is a postgraduate degree and issued the corresponding document.
4. Government on education is a prerequisite for continuing education in the State, municipal educational institution of subsequent levels of education, unless otherwise provided by the Charter of the institution.
5. In the Russian Federation establishes the following levels of education (educational qualifications): a) basic general education;
b) secondary (full) general education;
in initial vocational training);
g) secondary vocational education;
d) higher education;
e) post-graduate professional education.
6. Persons who do not complete their education at this level, you receive a certificate of the established sample.
Section III MANAGEMENT of the EDUCATION SYSTEM, article 28. The competence of the Russian Federation in the field of education in the field of education, the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation in the federal bodies of State power and administration are responsible for: 1. the development and implementation of federal policies in the field of education;
2. legal regulation of relations in the field of education within the federal competence;
3. development and implementation of federal and international education development programmes, taking into account socio-economic, demographic and other conditions and circumstances, including the promotion of education in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation in other States;
4. formation of Federal (Central) Government, as well as departmental education authorities and management, appointment of the heads of these bodies;
5. coordination of appointments of Heads of educational institutions of the Federation, unless otherwise provided by law and the model regulation on this type and type of educational institution;
6. establishment of the procedure of establishment, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions;
7. the establishment of lists of professions and specialties, which are training and professional education;
8. the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions, federal, State attestation and accreditation of educational institutions, the establishment of an independent education management bodies of State certification system-diagnostic centers (State certification service);
9. the Organization and coordination of logistics support of the federal programme for the development of education and other federal programs in the field of education;
10. the formulation and adoption of the model provisions on educational institutions;
11. the establishment of the procedure of licensing, certification and accreditation of educational institutions of the State;
12. the establishment of the order of certification of pedagogical and managerial personnel of State and municipal educational institutions and education authorities;
13. the regulation of labour relations, labour standards and federal regulations his pay in educational institutions;
14. the establishment of the Federal component of the State educational standards and equivalence of educational documents on the territory of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation recognition of foreign documents on education;
15. the annual establishment of the share of federal revenue to education financing. Forming part of the federal budget, expenditure on education, federal funds for the development of education;
16. the establishment of a

a) tax benefits to stimulate education;
b) Federal funding of education standards of students, pupils;
in) the financing of educational institutions;
g) minimum monthly wages and salaries of employees of educational institutions and State education authorities;
d) benefits, types and standards of material support of different categories of students, pupils in educational institutions, as well as pedagogical employees of State and municipal educational institutions;
(e)) of the citizens and their repayment of personal State education credit;
f) educational qualification for teaching staff;
w) federal requirements for educational institutions in part of building codes and regulations, hygiene, protection of the health of pupils and students, minimum equipment of educational process and equipment of classrooms;
17. direct financing of educational institutions of the Federation, if otherwise not stipulated in the model provision on the type and form of educational institutions;
18. information and scientific-methodical maintenance of educational system development of exemplary curricula and syllabi of courses, subjects within federal competence, organisation of the publication of educational literature and production of textbooks. Creation of a unified information system for the Russian Federation in education;
19. the Organization of the federal system of training and retraining of pedagogical and managerial skills for the educational system;
20. monitoring of federal legislation in the field of education, the Federal component of the State educational standards;
21. establishment and appropriation of State awards and honorary titles of educators;
22. regulatory instruments within its sphere of competence.
Article 29. Competence of the republics within the Russian Federation, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the autonomous region and autonomous areas in education 1. In the field of education administered by the Republics comprising the Russian Federation represented by their supreme bodies of State power and administration: and) to define and implement the education policy does not contradict policy of the Russian Federation;
b) legislation of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation in the field of education;
in determining how to create features), reorganization, liquidation and the financing of educational institutions.
2. Conduct of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation represented by their supreme bodies of State power and administration, krais, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the autonomous region and autonomous areas through its authorities shall be: (a)) implementation of federal education policy, financial reinforcement of State guarantees and whether the availability of basic education through the allocation of subventions to local budgets;
b) adoption of legal acts in the field of education;
in) development and implementation of national, regional education development programmes, including international, national and regional socio-economic, environmental, cultural, demographic and other characteristics;
g) formation of public administration education and management, appointment of the heads of these bodies (in consultation with the federal authorities of education);
d) establishment, reorganization and liquidation of the educational institutions of the relevant submission, the licensing of educational institutions;
(e) establishment of national-regional) component of the State educational standards;
f) formation of national, provincial, oblast, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous districts budgets in part of expenditure on education and appropriate funds for the development of education;
w) establishment of local taxes and levies on the aims of education;
and) establishing national, regional, oblast, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous districts education funding regulations;
financing and organization) mediation local educational authorities and educational institutions in terms of their logistics;
l) establishing additional federal requirements for educational institutions in part of building codes and regulations, health regulations, health students, pupils, educational process equipment and equipment of classrooms;
m) establishing additional federal benefits, types and standards of material security of students, pupils, as well as teaching staff of educational institutions;
n) information support of educational institutions, the organisation of the publication of educational literature, developing exemplary curricula and syllabi of courses, subjects within its competence;
about) training, retraining, improvement of professional skill of pedagogical staff;

p) ensuring compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education and monitoring of State educational standards;
r) edition of the normative documents within its sphere of competence.
Article 30. Procedure for delimitation of competence of public authorities and education management 1. Established in articles 28 and 29 of this Act, the competence of the bodies of State authority and administration of the Russian Federation and its subjects in the field of education is exhaustive and cannot be changed except by law.
2. separation of powers between the higher organs of legislative and executive State power of the Russian Federation in the area of education shall be determined in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation law regulating the activities of the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. separation of competencies in the field of education between the Federal (Central) Government is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation by agreement with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
4. distribution of competence in the field of education between the higher organs of legislative and executive power of the State republics within the Russian Federation, as well as between Republican control bodies is governed by the laws of these Republics.
5. distribution of competence in the field of education between the representative and executive bodies of State power in the territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous districts are governed by the laws of the Russian Federation and the decisions of the relevant body of representative power. The distribution of competence in the field of education between the authorities is defined by the appropriate authority.
6. Federal (Central) Government and departmental education authorities do not have the right to take its consideration of issues falling within the competence of the present law, Republican, regional, oblast, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous districts and local education authorities, except for the cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation relating to the protection of State and public security, health and sanitary-epidemiological welfare of the population, protection of citizens ' rights and freedoms.
7. Federal (Central) Government education authorities have the right to inspect any educational institution and any body managing education on the territory of the Russian Federation on the issues of its competence by way of supervision and can delegate this right to other State educational authorities.
Article 31. The competence of the bodies of local self-government in education 1. Local self-government bodies are responsible for implementing the right of citizens to set this law compulsory basic general education.
2. exclusive competence of organs of local self-government in education include the following: a) planning, organizing, controlling and supervising the work of local (municipal) education authorities, educational institutions for the implementation of the State policy in the field of education;
b) formation of local budgets and funds for the development of education, the development and adoption of local education funding regulations;
in) ensuring citizens living on this territory, the possibility of choice of educational institutions;
g) regulate within their powers and competence of the ownership relations in the educational system;
d) creation, reorganization and liquidation of municipal educational institutions, registration of educational institutions in the territory under their jurisdiction;
(e) the creation and elimination) of local education authorities and (or) self-administered school districts, define its structure and powers, the appointment of Heads of local education authorities;
w) appointment of Heads of municipal educational institutions, unless otherwise provided by the model provision on this type and type of educational institution or by a local authority;
w) construction of buildings and structures of municipal educational institutions, develop the surrounding territory;
and rental conditions) control of buildings, premises and other properties of educational institutions;
to) use of State and municipal institutions, cultural and sports facilities for education;
l) annual publication average compliance data conditions of implementation of the educational process in educational institutions located on territory under their jurisdiction, federal and local requirements.

3. separation of competencies in the field of education between the region and the city of regional submission, another settlement on the territory of the district, as well as between the city and the area in the city is governed by an agreement between the local governments of various levels, approved respectively by a district or city representative authority.
4. distribution of competence in the field of education at each level of self-government between the local administration and local authority representative Government is established by the latter and issued his order.
5. Local (municipal) education authorities do not have the right to independently make its consideration of issues referred to the competence of the public education authorities.
Article 32. The competence and responsibility of educational institutions 1. Educational institution alone in the implementation of the educational process, selection and placement, academic, financial, economic and other activities within the limits determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the institution.
2. the competence of the institution include: a) logistical support and equipment for the educational process, the equipment of premises in accordance with State and local regulations and requirements carried out within their own financial resources;
b) attraction to implement its statutory activities, additional sources of financial and material resources, including the use of bank credit;
the founder and the public) to provide an annual report on the receipt and expenditure of funds;
g) selection, recruitment and placement of teachers and support staff, responsible for the level of their qualifications;
d) Organization and improve methodical maintenance of educational process;
(e)) the development and adoption of educational programmes and curricula;
f) elaboration and approval of work programmes of courses and disciplines;
w) design and approval by agreement with the local authorities of the annual calendar of educational charts;
and management structures) establishing educational institutions, staffing, allocation of duties;
to) establishing wages and salaries within their own financial resources and subject to the restrictions imposed by federal and local regulations;
l) establishing allowances and supplements to the salaries of officials, orderliness and size of bonus payments to employees;
m) elaboration and adoption of the Statute of the institution, consistent with the founder in part defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation;
n) elaboration and adoption of rules governing the internal regulations of educational institution, other local acts;
on the formation of the contingent of independent students), students within a designated quota license, unless otherwise required by the standard regulations of this type and type of educational institution and this Act;
p) an educational process in accordance with the Charter of the institution, license and certificate of accreditation;
r) implementation and monitoring of the staging certification of trainees in accordance with its Charter and the requirements of this Act;
c) control over the timeliness of certain categories of students, pupils of fringe benefits and types of material support provided for federal, Republican legislation and acts of the bodies of local self-government;
t) security in residential educational institutions the conditions of detention of inmates is not less than the standard;
u) establishment of educational institutions of the necessary conditions for catering units and medical institutions, the monitoring of their work to protect and enhance the health of students, pupils and employees of educational institutions;
s) facilitating activities teaching (teaching) organizations and educational associations;
x) Regulation in an educational institution of the public (including children's and youth) organizations permitted by law;
TS) other activities not prohibited by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the institution.
3. Educational institution incurs in order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation responsible for: (a) failure to comply with assigned functions) within its competence;
b) full implementation of educational programmes, in accordance with the study plan and the schedule of the educational process; the quality of education of its graduates;
in) the life and health of students, pupils and employees of educational institutions during educational process;
g) violation of the rights and freedoms of students, pupils and employees in an educational institution;
d) otherwise provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 33. How to create and regulate the activities of educational institutions

1. Educational institution created by the founder on their own initiative and are registered by the local self-government bodies in declarative manner.
2. Registration of educational institutions may not be refused for unreasonableness. Refusal to register may be appealed by the founder in court. Founder's claim will be reviewed in court within one month.
3. For the purposes of the registration of educational institutions founder represents the application for registration, the decision of the founder of an educational institution or a contract Charter founders of educational institutions, the document on payment of the State registration fee.
4. The authorized body of local self-government within a month conducts the registration of educational institution, shall notify the applicant in writing as, financial bodies, relevant State body managing education.
5. the rights of legal entities in the educational institution in part of statutory financial-economic activities aimed at the preparation of the educational process, arise from the moment of its registration.
6. the right to education and the benefits provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the educational institution since granting him a license (permission).
7. License for conducting educational activities is issued by a public authority management education or on behalf of local (municipal) body managing education according to the location of the educational institution on the basis of the conclusion of the Expert Commission. License for conducting educational activities religious educational institutions issued on presentation of the appropriate denomination Guide.
8. the Expert Commission shall be established by a public authority management education or its authorized body of local (municipal) administration of education according the founder of educational institutions and carries out its work in a month. The Expert Commission on an equal footing included representatives of public authority management education, the relevant local authority representative Government and (or) local (municipal) body managing education, existing educational institutions and the public.
9. The subject and content of the examination is to establish the suitability of the conditions of implementation of the educational process, offered by educational institutions, State and local requirements in part of building codes and regulations; sanitary and hygienic norms; the health of students, pupils and staff of educational institutions; equipment of classrooms; equipment of educational process; educational qualification of teaching staff and staffing. The content, organization and methodology of educational process the subject of examination are not.
10. claims examiner may not exceed averages for the territory in which the registered institution.
11. the cost of examination shall be paid by the founder of the educational institution.
12. In the license issued by the educational institution are control regulations limit the number of students, pupils, the duration of the license.
13. the adverse conclusion of the examination and based on the refusal to grant it a licence can be appealed judicially founder. Founder's claim will be reviewed in court within one month.
14. the licence may be withdrawn from an educational institution the authority which issued the licence, only in case of violation of requirements and benchmarks contained in the license.
15. Renewal of license shall be carried out in the same order.
16. The right to an educational institution for the grant of its graduates of the education of the State sample, for inclusion in the scheme of Central Government funding and to use a seal with the State emblem of the Russian Federation originate from the moment of its State accreditation, confirmed by the certificate of State accreditation.
17. Certificate of State accreditation confirms the status of a State educational institution, the level of implemented educational programs match the content and quality of training requirements of State educational standards, the right to issue documents of State graduates the appropriate level of education.
18. the State accreditation of educational institutions is carried out by Federal (Central) Government and departmental education authorities or by their proxy other State education authorities on the basis of an application of an educational institution and its certification.

19. Certification of educational institutions is carried out on their application state certification service or on behalf of or Attorney State authorities, local self-government bodies with the assistance of leading educational institutions and the public. Certification is held once every five years, unless otherwise required by law. Appraisal costs paid by educational institution.
20. The aim and content of the appraisal is to establish the conformity of the content, level and quality of graduates of educational institutions to the requirements of State educational standards. Condition of certification of educational institutions are the positive results of the attestation for not less than half its graduates for three consecutive years.
21. the conclusion of the State attestation for qualifying service may be appealed before the courts only in part. Educational institution may require repeated certification of no earlier than 12 months from the date of denial.
22. Certification of pre-school educational establishments; educational institutions for orphans and children deprived of parental care; Special educational institutions; further education institutions, as well as newly created experimental educational establishments shall be carried out with the relevant State body managing education in the order prescribed for these educational institutions by the model provisions.
23. Institution State accreditation may be revoked according to the results of attestation.
24. Branches of educational institutions are registered by the actual address, licensing, attestation and accreditation of State-in general the order established by this law for educational institutions.
25. Educational institutions can receive public accreditation in various Russian, foreign and international public educational, scientific, and industrial structures. Such accreditation shall not entail additional financial commitments on the part of the State.
Article 34. Reorganization and liquidation of the institution 1. An educational institution can be transformed into an institution by decision of the founder, if it does not result in the violation of the obligations of the institution or if the founder takes these obligations themselves.
2. When reorganisation (change of legal form, status) of an educational institution of its Charter, license and certificate of State accreditation shall be null and void.
3. Transfer of State educational institutions under the authority of the local self-government bodies is allowed only with the consent of the latter.
4. Elimination of the educational institution may be exercised: (a)) on the initiative of the founder or of educational institutions;
b) automatically when non-resumption during 12 months license withdrawn;
in) by the judiciary;
g) by a decision of the authority who ordered the registration of educational institutions, in the event of failure to comply with the latest statutory tasks.
5. Elimination of the rural preschool or educational institution of the avalanche allowed only with the consent of the communities served by the institution.
Article 35. Management of public, municipal educational institution 1. Management of public, municipal educational institution in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the institution.
2. Overall management of public, municipal educational institution carries out an elected representative body-the Council of educational institutions. Procedure for the election of the Board shall be determined by the statutes of educational institutions.
3. Direct management of State and municipal educational institution carries out past the appropriate certification Manager, Director, Rector or other Director (Administrator).
4. the head of State, municipal educational institution in accordance with the Charter of the institution can be: a) hired by the Board of educational institutions under the contract;
b) elected team of educational institutions;
in) elected team of educational institutions with prior agreement of the candidates (candidates) with founder;
g) elected team of educational institutions with subsequent approval of the founder;
d) appointed by the founder with the provision of the Council of the institution of the veto;
(e)) appointed by the founder;
f) hired by the founder.
Civilian higher vocational education institutions Rectors ' assignment is not allowed.
5. In the case of appointments, the hiring manager's founder State, municipal educational institution last is State Government, municipal authority-the founder of an educational institution.

6. Lines of authority between the educational institution and its leader determined by articles of Association of educational institutions.
7. The Heads of State and municipal educational institutions combining their posts with the other steering position (except for scientific and scientific-methodical manual) inside or outside the educational institution is not permitted.
8. Duties of the head of State, municipal educational institution, its branches may not be executed concurrently.
Article 36. Management of non-State educational institution 1. Guide non-State educational institution founder directly or on behalf of the Board of Trustees that is generated by the founder.
2. Powers of the Board of Trustees, scheme of internal management, the procedure for the appointment or election of the head and its powers are defined by the founder (Board of Trustees) in agreement with the teaching staff and are committed to the Charter of the institution.
Article 37. Education authorities in the Russian Federation 1. In the Russian Federation are established and operate the following State bodies managing education: a) Federal (Central) Government bodies of education management;
b) departmental public bodies managing education;
in) Republican (republics within the Russian Federation) State bodies managing education;
g) krais and oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the autonomous region and autonomous areas public administration education.
2. the State bodies managing education are created by a decision of the relevant body of executive power in consultation with the relevant representative body of Government.
3. Local (municipal) education authorities can be established by a decision of the respective local government.
4. the activities of the education authorities aimed at ensuring the federal programme for the development of education, State education standards and the functioning of the education system at the level of State standards.
5. the competence of the public education authorities in mandatory include: development and implementation of targeted federal and international programmes in the field of education;
development of State educational standards and establishing equivalence (recognition) of documents on education;
State accreditation of educational institutions, promoting their public accreditation;
establishment of the procedure of certification of pedagogical training and educational requirements for cenzam teaching staff of educational institutions of different types and species;
formation of the structure of the education system; development of the list of professions, courses and specialties, which are training and professional education;
direct financing of activities established by their educational institutions;
the establishment of public funds stabilization and development of the education system;
development of State funding regulations of educational establishments, as well as logistical, security and equipment of educational process;
forecasting the development of the network of educational institutions, preparation of proposals for the allocation of subventions from the federal budget for development of education in the regions;
monitoring of implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education, the State educational standards, the budget and financial discipline in the educational system.
6. Education Management Bodies subordinated to them under the control of educational institutions. In case of violation of the educational institution of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education and (or) its Statute, State education authorities have the right to his injunction to suspend in this part of the activities of educational institutions before the Court decision.
Article 38. State control over the quality of education at accredited educational institutions 1. State attestation service can send educational institution has State accreditation, a complaint on the quality of education and (or) non-conformity education requirements of the State educational standard.
2. Grounds for review by the supreme organ of State certifying question of dispatching service claims are: a) in relation to educational institutions, implementing educational programmes: a resolution of the general meeting of parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) of children enrolled in this educational institution;
the formal presentation of the attestation Service Office at the location of the educational institution;
b) in relation to educational institutions, implements professional educational programs: the decision of the general meeting of students in this educational institution;

the formal presentation of the State employment service.
3. The decision to send claims or rejecting claims the claimants claim is accepted by the supreme organ of State certification services and communicated to the applicants within a month. Denial of public certification services in the direction of the complaints may be lodged by the claimants in the courts. The claim will be reviewed in court at the place of registration of educational institutions within two months. The Court's decision in this instance is final.
4. Repeated the claim within two years automatically entails the deprivation of educational institution of its State accreditation. Renewal of accreditation is carried out in the same way that receive it.
Title IV ECONOMY EDUCATION SYSTEM Article 39. Property relations in education 1. For the educational institution to ensure its statutory educational activity founder establishes property rights objects (land, buildings, property complexes, equipment, and other necessary equipment for consumer, social, cultural and other appointments), owned by the founder of the ownership or rented from a third party (the owner).
2. Objects of ownership, enshrined by the founder for the educational institution located in the operational management of the institution.
3. Educational institution is liable to the owner for safety and efficient use of fixed property for him. Supervision of the activities of educational establishments in this part the founder or another person authorized by the owner.
4. State and municipal property, enshrined for the educational institution may be alienated by the owner in the manner and under the conditions established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, laws and legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government acts adopted within the limits of their powers.
5. Non-governmental educational institution has priority right to purchase previously docked behind him or leased them alienated State or municipal property.
6. the exemption and (or) the alienation of the property, attached to the educational institution is permitted only upon expiry of the term of the contract between the owner and the educational institution or between a property owner and founder, unless otherwise provided by the contract.
7. Educational institution has the right of ownership of funds, assets and other property submitted to it by individuals and legal entities in the form of a gift, donation or bequest; the products of intellectual and creative work, resulting from its activities; as well as the income from its own activities of educational institutions and acquired at these income property.
8. Non-governmental educational institution may be considered bankrupt in conformity with the procedure prescribed by law.
9. Educational institution meets its obligations at its disposal cash and property belonging to it. When a failure in an educational institution means liability for its obligations carries the founder in the manner determined by law.
10. In case of liquidation of the educational institution cash and other objects of property belonging to him ownership, minus any payments in respect of commitments, are directed towards the development of education, in accordance with the Charter of the institution.
11. Educational institution has the right to speak as a tenant and landlord of the property. Renting of properties assigned to the educational institution of his founder, is allowed only with the consent of the founder and on the conditions determined by the contract between the owner and the educational institution or owner and founder.
12. With State and municipal educational institutions in the case when the founder and owner of educational institution accorded to him of the property are public authorities or bodies of local self-government, the same administrative-territorial units, the rent for the use of the enshrined objects of property will be charged and the cost of repair and overhaul and the contents are the responsibility of the founder (owner), unless otherwise provided by the contract between the founder and the educational institution.
13. State, municipal educational institution may be privatized only by decision of the founder in the manner prescribed by law. Founder in this case is entitled to determine the terms on the Organization's profile and further activities of the privatized educational institution that should be enshrined in the new Charter of the institution and is responsible for the preservation of the territory adequate number of training places, to meet regulatory requirements.
Article 40. State guarantees priority to education

1. the basis of State guarantees of citizens of the Russian Federation of education within State educational standards is the State and municipal education financing.
2. the State guarantees the annual allocation of funds for education in the amount of not less than ten per cent of the national income, as well as protection of the relevant expenditure budgets of all levels. The absolute amounts of funding regulations of educational establishments shall be subject to indexation in accordance with inflation.
3. Educational institutions regardless of their organizational-legal forms of statutory non-entrepreneurial activity are exempt from all taxes, including land.
4. With a view to attracting investment into the education system, the State provides special tax benefits to enterprises, institutions and organizations irrespective of their organizational-legal forms, as well as natural persons, including foreign, invests its funds including in kind, in the development of the system of education of the Russian Federation. The nature, size and order of granting these benefits are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
5. the State provides incentives on taxation of real estate owners, taking their property for rent to educational institutions.
6. Production of the enterprises, educational institutions, in the calculation of the tax is equal to consumer goods.
7. The State pays the parents (persons acting in loco parentis), public childcare benefits until a certain age, legislation of the Russian Federation child allowance for needy families, families with many children and single mothers (fathers) who have been disabled since childhood, child allowances conscripts, allowances for minor children during the detection of their parents, as well as other social benefits provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation. The amount of the benefits shall not be included in taxable income tax income of citizens.
8. Parents (persons acting in loco parentis), carrying out the upbringing and education of a minor child in the family, paid additional funds in the amount of the cost of education of each child at the appropriate stage of education in the State, municipal educational institution, as defined by federal regulations. Payments are made from the budget of the founder of the State and municipal educational establishments of the appropriate type and type to prevent the child from receiving a secondary (full) General or vocational education, or until the child reaches the age specified by legislation of the Russian Federation as the limit for payments of social allowances for children. The amount of these payments are not included in taxable income taxable income of citizens.
Article 41. Financing of educational institutions 1. The activities of an educational institution is financed by its founder, in accordance with the contract between them. By agreement between the founder and the last educational institution may operate self-financed.
2. Financing of educational institutions is effected on the basis of the State (including departmental) and local regulations as defined in the funding per student, pupil for each type and type of educational institution.
For ungraded rural and regarded as such by the public authorities and educational institutions management standard should take into account the financing costs that do not depend on the number of students.
3. federal funding standards are approved annually by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, simultaneously with the adoption of the law on the State budget of the Russian Federation for the next year and are minimally acceptable.
4. Local legislation funding should take into account the specificity of the educational institution and be sufficient to cover the medium on the territory of the current costs associated with educational process and operation of buildings, structures and equipment of educational institutions.
5. public finance scheme, municipal educational institution is determined by the model provision on the appropriate type and type of educational institution.
6. Financing Regulations non-State educational institutions may not be lower than the standards funding similar State and municipal educational institutions in the territory.
7. Non-State educational institutions are eligible for State, municipal finance since their State accreditation.

8. Educational institution, regardless of its legal form is entitled to involve in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, additional financing, including foreign exchange, resources by providing paid additional educational or other institution under the Charter services, as well as through voluntary contributions and trust funds of legal entities and individuals, including foreign and overseas.
9. involve educational institution of additional funds does not entail lowering the standards and (or) the absolute size of its financing from the budget of the founder.
Article 42. Especially financing higher and postgraduate vocational education 1. The right of citizens to obtain higher and postgraduate education within State educational standards is ensured by providing citizens, passed the competition and enrolled in an educational institution, the personal State education credit (non-refundable, partially returned, return).
2. the procedure and conditions for the provision of personal citizen State educational loan, as well as the order of his maturity are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. normative financing has state-accredited educational institutions of higher and (or) post-graduate professional education consists of direct financing and budget of the founder and means introduced annually by each learner in the corresponding personal State educational loan.
4. ratio of funding from the budget of the founder at the expense of personal and State educational loans is set annually by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 43. The right educational institution in the use of financial and material resources 1. Educational institution independently carries out financial and economic activities. It has its own balance and settlement account, including monetary, banking and other credit institutions.
2. financial and material resources of educational institutions reserved for him by the founder or his property shall be used by it at its own discretion, in accordance with the Charter of the institution and are not subject to seizure, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Unused current year funds cannot be withdrawn from the educational institution or set off the founder in funding next year.
4. Educational institution has the right to participate in statutory funds of companies (joint stock companies) and other business enterprises only their property.
5. Educational institution may, with the consent of the owner to use a pinned him funds and other objects of property in its activities related to the receipt of income. In this case, the owner is entitled to part of the income from the use of pinned objects property in an amount determined by the contract between the owner and the educational institution.
Article 44. The material and technical base of educational institutions 1. Educational institution must provide content reserved and (or) his ownership of buildings, property complexes, furnishings and equipment, property of the consumer, social, cultural or any other destination at least defined by the regulations in force in the territory.
2. Development of material-technical base state, municipal educational institutions is carried out by educational institutions within enshrined (budgetary) and own funds.
3. State and local (municipal) education authorities must provide mediation services on a contract basis attached to educational institutions (if needed) in addressing the maintenance and development of material-technical base.
Article 45. Paid supplemental educational services public municipal educational institution 1. State, municipal educational institution may provide to the population, enterprises, institutions and organizations paid supplemental educational services (tutoring on additional educational programs, teaching special courses and disciplines; tutoring; classes with students in-depth study subjects and other services) outside the relevant educational programmes and State educational standards.
2. income from the State, municipal educational establishment less the share founder (owner) is reinvested in the educational institution, including the increase in wage costs at its discretion. This does not apply to business.

3. paid education services cannot be provided in return and in its core educational activities financed from the budget. Otherwise the funds earned by such activities, shall be the founder in his budget. Educational institution may appeal the action of the founder in bodies of State arbitration or in court.
Article 46. Paid educational activities of non-State educational institutions 1. Non-State educational institution may charge a fee to students, students for educational services, including tuition in State educational standards.
2. Paid educational activities of such an educational institution is not considered as a business, if the resulting from her income entirely goes to the reimbursement of expenses to ensure the educational process (including wages), its development and improvement of this educational institution.
3. the relationship of the non-governmental educational institution and student, pupil, his parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) are governed by a contract, defining the level of education, duration of tuition, fees, other terms and conditions.
Article 47. Business activities of educational institutions 1. Educational institution has the right to engage in entrepreneurial activities under its Charter.
2. Business concerns all activities of an educational institution: implementation and renting fixed assets and property of the institution;
trade goods purchase equipment;
mediation services;
on the equity participation in the activities of other agencies (including education), organizations and enterprises;
to acquire shares, bonds, other securities and income (dividends, interest);
on keeping income other unrealized transactions, not directly related to its own production under the Charter products and services and their implementation.
3. the activities of educational institutions to implement the Charter-mandated educational Institute products, works and services refers to the business only to the extent that the resulting from this activity income is reinvested directly in the educational institution and (or) to immediate needs of security, development and perfection of educational process (including salary) in this educational institution.
4. in its entrepreneurship educational institution is equated to the enterprise and is subject to the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of entrepreneurship.
5. The founder or the local self-government bodies shall have the right to suspend business activities of an educational institution, if it comes at the expense of the statutory educational activity, before the Court decision on the matter.
Article 48. Self-employed educational activities 1. Self-employed pedagogical activity, accompanied by the acquisition of income is treated as business and is subject to registration in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Self-employed pedagogical activity is not licensed. Applicant submits its registration in the corresponding local authority only application and document on payment of the registration fee.
3. Not registered self-employed pedagogical activity is not allowed. Individuals involved in such activities in violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. All income received from such activity, shall be collected as revenue of the local budget in accordance with the established procedure.
Article 49. Compensation for damage caused by faulty education 1. The State, represented by the authorized State bodies of education management in case of poor quality graduates accredited educational institution has the right to present this educational institution to claim the reimbursement of additional expenses for retraining those graduates at other educational institutions.
2. the grounds for the claim is the claim of the State attestation services on the quality of the training. The claim will be reviewed in court at the place of residence (registration) of an educational institution within two months. The Court's decision in this instance is final.
Section V of the SOCIAL GUARANTEES of the RIGHTS of CITIZENS to EDUCATION, Article 50. Law and social protection of students, pupils of 1. Rights and responsibilities of students, students in an educational institution shall be as designated by the statutes of the educational institution provided for in the Charter and other local acts.
2. Adult citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to choose an educational institution and forms of education.

3. citizens educated in private educational institutions, in the form of family education and self-study are eligible for State certification.
4. Students in all educational establishments have the right to receive an education in accordance with State educational standards; for training within those standards according to individual curricula; an accelerated course of study; to obtain additional (including fee-paying) educational services; to participate in the administration of the educational institution; to respect for their human dignity; freedom of conscience, information; freedom to express their own views and beliefs.
Individual training plans within the State educational standard and forms of participation in the management of educational institution are regulated by the Charter of the institution.
5. Graduates of public and private educational institutions have equal rights upon admission in educational institutions at the next level.
6. Students, pupils of State and municipal educational institutions founder, in accordance with its competence and applicable regulations provides scholarships, places in hostels and boarding schools, subsidized or free meals and travel on public transport, other types of benefits and material assistance.
7. Citizens of the Russian Federation, receiving in public educational institutions, primary or secondary vocational education, for the first time in the employment service who have lost the ability to work on a speciality as a result of an occupational disease and (or) Disability acquired in the performance of their duties, in other cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, are trained for free.
8. Studying in educational establishments without interruption from work, carrying out training plan are entitled to additional paid leave in the workplace, a shortened working week and other benefits provided in accordance with the procedure set out in the labour legislation of the Russian Federation.
9. In the educational institutions of the content and education of orphans and children deprived of parental care (or persons acting in loco parentis), is carried out on the basis of full State provision.
10. For students with developmental disabilities education authorities create special educational establishments (classes, group) corrective nature, to ensure that their treatment, education and training, social adaptation and integration into society.
Financing of these educational institutions is carried out by high standards.
Students assigned to these educational institutions, as well as the totally supported by the State, are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Children and teenagers are sent to designated educational institutions education authorities only with the consent of the parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) on the conclusion of the psycho-medico-pedagogical consultation.
11. For adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behavior, age 11 years of age, in need of special care and training and requiring special pedagogical approach, there are special educational establishments for their medical and social rehabilitation, education and vocational training.
The direction of the students in these educational institutions is carried out only by a court decision.
12. For citizens detained in educational labour and corrective-labour institutions, the administration of these institutions and State education authorities the conditions for obtaining the basic general and initial vocational education, training, and self-learning.
13. Public authorities and educational institutions can create management elite type for children, adolescents and young people, that have shown outstanding ability.
Above-level funding for such educational establishments is provided from the budget of the founder.
Criteria for the selection of trainees in these educational institutions shall be determined by the founder and brought to the attention of the public.
14. the involvement of students, pupils in civilian educational institutions without their consent or the consent of their parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) to work not provided for education programme, is prohibited.
15. forcing the students and pupils to join social, socio-political organizations, movements and parties, as well as forced to bring them to the activities of these organizations and to participate in promotional campaigns and political activities is not allowed.
16. Students, students of the civilian educational institutions have the right to freely visit activities not covered by the curriculum.

17. in the event of termination of the activities of the educational institution or establishment of initial vocational education management body, which comes under this educational institution, provides translation of students, pupils, with the consent of the parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) to other educational institutions of the corresponding type.
18. in the event of termination of the activities of an educational institution civil secondary and higher vocational education students transferred to other educational institutions on a common basis.
In this case, the students received (regardless of their continuing training in another educational institution) of the sum of personal loan State educational for the current school year with them is collected.
19. A pupil, the pupil has the right to transfer to another institution that implements educational program at the appropriate level, with the consent of the educational establishment and the successful completion of the certification.
20. For students in non-State educational institutions apply the right to delay military service and other benefits provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 51. The health of students, pupils of 1. Educational institution creates the conditions to guarantee the protection and strengthening of health of pupils, pupils.
Teaching load, students, pupils shall be as designated by the statutes of the educational institution on the basis of recommendations agreed with health authorities.
2. For children in need of long-term care are health institutions, including a sanatorium. Training sessions can be held for such children educational institutions at home or in hospitals.
3. Teaching staff of educational institutions are subjected to periodic free medical examinations, which take place at the expense of the founder.
4. medical educational institutions provide health authorities. Educational institution is obliged to provide the premises with appropriate working conditions for medical staff.
5. Schedule an educational institution should provide sufficient power for the duration of the break.
Catering in an educational institution is the responsibility of the local authorities on catering. The educational institution must be provided premises for nutrition students, pupils.
6. The inflationary increase in the cost of food and health care students, pupils are fully compensated by the State.
7. Responsibility for creating the necessary conditions for study, work and rest of students, pupils in educational institutions bear officials of educational institutions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the institution.
Article 52. Rights and duties of parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) 1. Parents (or persons acting in their stead) minors before receiving the latest basic general education have the right to choose the form of education, educational institutions, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the child, to take part in the Government educational institution.
2. The parents (or persons acting in their stead) students, pupils are required to comply with the statutes of the educational institution.
3. The parents (or persons in loco parentis) have the right to give your child a primary General, basic general, secondary (full) general education within the family. The child is receiving education in the family, may at any stage of the study on the decision of the parents (or persons acting in loco parentis) to continue their education in an educational establishment with a positive appraisal.
Article 53. Lesson teaching activities 1. Staffing order educational institutions is regulated by their statutes.
The pedagogical activities in educational establishments allowed persons who had educational qualification, identified by model provisions on relevant types and types of educational institutions.
2. pedagogical activities are not allowed the people to whom it was prohibited by the Court or for medical reasons, as well as persons who had a previous conviction for certain crimes. Lists of relevant medical contraindications and offences are established by law.
Article 54. Compensation of employees of educational institutions 1. Salary, salary of the employee is paid to educational institutions for the implementation of the responsibilities and the work covered by the contract. Execution of the employee other work and duties payable under the supplemental agreement, except as specifically provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Pedagogical employees of educational institutions, minimum wages and salaries are set at a rate higher than the average salary level in the Russian Federation.
3. Average rates and salary employees of educational institutions shall be established at the level of:

for the Faculty of higher education institutions-twice the level of the average wage of workers in industry in the Russian Federation;
for teachers and other educational professionals-no less than the average wage of workers in industry in the Russian Federation;
for educational-auxiliary personnel-the average wage similar categories of workers in industry in the Russian Federation.
4. Educational institution within its labor costs alone determines the form and pay system, the size of the allowances and supplements, bonuses and other incentive-based payments.
Finding resources for these purposes by exceeding the maximum permissible loads at teacher training is prohibited.
Article 55. Rights, social guarantees and benefits to employees of educational institutions 1. Employees of educational establishments have the right to participate in the administration of the educational institution to defend his professional honour and dignity.
2. A disciplinary investigation pedagogical employee standards of professional conduct and (or) of an educational institution may be carried out only according to a complaint filed on him in writing. A copy of the complaint shall be presented pedagogical employee.
3. the disciplinary investigation and adopted its decisions may be made public only with the consent of a pedagogical employee, except leading to the prohibition to engage in educational activities, or if necessary to protect the interests of students and pupils.
4. In the performance of their professional responsibilities of teachers are entitled to freedom of choice and use of methods of training and education, textbooks and materials, textbooks, methods for assessing knowledge of students and pupils.
5. Teaching staff in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation are entitled to standard six-hour working day and a shortened working week, extended paid parental leave to receive superannuation before retirement age.
Pedagogical workers not less often than once every 10 years of continuous teaching experience are eligible for an extended vacation for up to one year, the order and terms of which shall be determined by the founder and (or) the Charter educational institutions.
6. Teaching load of teachers, ogovarivaemaja the contract is limited to the upper limit defined by the model provisions on appropriate types and types of educational institutions.
7. Teacher educational institution of higher professional education, having a degree in a relevant specialty is entitled free of charge to read a course parallel to the existing. Guide educational institution is obliged to create the necessary conditions for this.
8. Pedagogical employees of educational institutions to enable them to provide publishing and periodicals paid monthly monetary compensation in the amount of 10 percent of salary (wages).
9. The teaching staff of educational institutions, remote from urban centres and considered as such by the public authorities and administration, subject to exemptions, provided for specialists in the area of agriculture.
10. The graduate teachers and schools and other specialists who arrived to work in the rural educational institutions, subject to the procedure and conditions for the granting of a lump-sum payment on commercial furnishing set for professionals, graduates of agricultural colleges and technical schools.
11. Employees training and production workshops (workshops) and educational farms, institutions, organizations and enterprises of the system of education subject to the benefits and advantages that are installed for workers of the relevant industries.
Article 56. Labour relations in the education system 1. For employees of an educational institution by the employer is the institution, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Employee relations educational institution and administration are governed by a contract entered into for a specified term. The terms of the contract may not be contrary to labour law of the Russian Federation.
3. in addition to the stipulated by the labour legislation of the Russian Federation the grounds for dismissing the employee at the initiative of the Administration before the expiry of the contract are: a) repeated during the year, the flagrant violation of the Charter of the educational institution;
b) apply, including a one-time, educational methods, associated with a physical and/or psychological violence against the person of a pupil, pupil;
in) appearance at work is in condition of alcohol, narcotic or toxic inebriation.

Dismissal under these grounds may be exercised by the Administration without the consent of the Union.
Section VI INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES in education Article 57. International cooperation 1. The cooperation of the Russian Federation with other States in the field of education is built on the basis of international treaties and agreements are not contrary to this Act.
2. Education Management Bodies at all levels, educational institutions have the right to establish direct relations with foreign enterprises, institutions and organizations.
3. Education, training and improvement of professional skill of citizens of other States in educational institutions of the Russian Federation, as well as citizens of the Russian Federation in foreign educational institutions, carried out under the direct contracts concluded between educational institutions, associations, education authorities, other legal as well as natural persons in accordance with international agreements of the Russian Federation.
Article 58. Foreign economic activity 1. Education authorities, educational institutions have the right to carry out foreign economic activities and have foreign currency accounts in banks and other credit institutions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. Foreign Exchange funds received educational institution from foreign economic activity, belong to him ownership of or come in its operational management and are not subject to seizure.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Russian House of Soviets July 10, 1992 N 3266-I