On Education

Original Language Title: Об образовании

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Z A On Education Education This Law is understood as a targeted learning and education process for the benefit of the individual, society, the state, (a) Constatiting the attainment by a citizen of the educational levels determined by the State (educational qualifications). The receipt of a citizen's (educational) education is understood to be the achievement and confirmation of a certain educational qualifications, which shall be certified by the relevant document. The right to education is one of the fundamental and inalienable constitutional rights of the citizens of the Russian Federation. Education in the Russian Federation is carried out in accordance with international law and the legislation of the Russian Federation. Section I GENERAL Article 1. State policy on education 1. The Russian Federation proclaims the sphere of education as a priority. 2. The Federal Programme for the Development of Education, adopted by the supreme legislative body of the Russian Federation, is the organizational basis of the State policy of the Russian Federation in the field of education. 3. The federal programme for the development of education is being developed and adjusted on a competitive basis. The contest is announced by the Government of the Russian Federation. 4. The report of the Government of the Russian Federation on the implementation of the Federal Programme for the Development of Education is submitted annually to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation and is published in the press. 5. State, municipal educational institutions, educational institutions and organizational structures of political parties, socio-political and religious movements and organizations are not permitted. Article 2. Principles of State policy in the field of education State policy in the field of education is based on the following principles: (a) the humanistic nature of education; The priority of human values, life and health, the free development of the individual. Education of citizenship and love for the Motherland; b) the unity of the federal cultural and educational space. Protection of the educational system of national cultures and regional cultural traditions in the context of the multinational State; in) universal access to education, the adaptability of the education system to the levels and characteristics of development and training students, pupils; d) the secular nature of education in State, municipal educational institutions; e) freedom and pluralism in education; e) democratic, public and public The nature of education management. The autonomy of educational institutions. Article 3. The Russian Federation's legislation in the field of education 1. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION In the area of education, in accordance with federal statutes and regulations in force in their territories. 2. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Federation in the field of education; regulates, within the established federal competence, the issues of relations in the field of education, which must be addressed by all the constituent entities of the Federation. In this part, the federal laws of the Russian Federation in the field of education are directly applicable and are applied throughout the territory of the Russian Federation; introduce general policy rules on matters within the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. the entities of the Federation, according to which the latter exercise their own legal regulation in the field of education. In this part, the federal laws of the Russian Federation serve as the Laws of the Russian Federation in the field of education. 3. The constituent entities of the Federation, according to their status and competence, may enact laws, legislation and (or) other legal acts in the field of education that are not contrary to the federal legislation on education. The laws, legislative and other legal acts of the entities of the Federation in the field of education may not restrict the rights of individuals and legal entities in comparison with federal education legislation. 4. Natural and legal persons who have violated the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education are responsible in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 4. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION State administration and management of various levels; b) ensuring and protection of the constitutional right of citizens of the Russian Federation to education; (c) creation of legal guarantees for the free functioning and development of the system OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities of natural and legal persons in the field of education, as well as the legal regulation of their relations in this field. Article 5. State guarantees of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of education 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation are guaranteed access to education regardless of race, nationality, language, sex, age, state of health, social, property and official status, social status and social status. origin, place of residence, attitude to religion, belief, party affiliation, criminal record. Restrictions on the rights of citizens to vocational education on grounds of sex, age, state of health, criminal record may be established only by law. 2. The right of citizens to education is ensured by the State through the establishment of a system of education and the corresponding socio-economic conditions for education. 3. The State guarantees citizens of the Russian Federation free general and competitive free vocational education in State and municipal educational establishments within the State educational system. standards, if the level of education is first received by a citizen. 4. The cost of training in State accreditation of non-State paid educational institutions implementing educational programmes of general and vocational education shall be reimbursed to the national by the State in the amount determined by the State. State standards for the costs of training in the appropriate type and type of State, municipal educational institution. 5. In order to realize the right to education of citizens in need of social assistance, the State bears the full or partial cost of their maintenance during the period of their education. The categories of citizens who are provided with this assistance, its forms, sizes and sources shall be determined in accordance with the procedure set by the Government of the Russian Federation and approved by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. 6. The State shall create conditions for citizens to receive education, correction of developmental disorders and social adaptation on the basis of special pedagogic approaches. 7. The State assists in the creation of elitist education for citizens who have shown outstanding ability, including through the provision of special State scholarships, including scholarships for study abroad. The criteria and procedure for granting such scholarships shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 6. Language (s) 1. The general issues of language policy in the area of education are regulated by the RSFSR Act on the Languages of Peoples of the RSFSR. 2. Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to basic general education in their mother tongue, as well as to choose the language of instruction within the possibilities offered by the education system. The right of citizens to education in their mother tongue is ensured by the necessary number of appropriate educational institutions, classes and groups, as well as the conditions for their operation. 3. The language (s) in which education and training is conducted in an educational institution is determined by the founder and/or charter of the educational institution. 4. The State shall, in accordance with international treaties and agreements, provide assistance in obtaining basic general education in the mother tongue for the representatives of the peoples of the Russian Federation living outside its territory. 5. In all State-accredited educational institutions, besides preschool, the study of the Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation is regulated by State educational standards. 6. The study of the national languages of the republics within the Russian Federation is regulated by the legislation of these republics. 7. The State shall assist in the training of specialists to carry out the educational process in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, which do not have statehood. Article 7. State educational standards 1. The Russian Federation establishes State educational standards, which include federal and national-regional components. The Russian Federation, through the federal (central) bodies of state power and administration within their competence, establishes federal components of State educational standards that make it compulsory The minimum content of the main educational programs, the maximum amount of study load of students, the requirements for the level of training of graduates. 2. Special State educational standards may be established for educational programmes for students with developmental disorders. 3. The procedure for the development, approval and implementation of State educational standards shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, except as provided by law. State educational standards for new education programs are introduced no earlier than five years after the start of work on these programs. 4. The State educational standard for basic general education is approved by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. 5. State educational standards are developed on a competitive basis and are specified on the same basis at least once every 10 years. The contest is announced by the Government of the Russian Federation. 6. State educational standards are the basis for an objective assessment of the level of education and qualification of graduates, irrespective of the form of education. Section II EDUCATION SYSTEM Article 8. The concept of the education system The education system in the Russian Federation is a combination of the system of successive educational programs and state educational standards at various levels and A network of educational institutions of various types, types and types; of the system of educational management bodies and their subordination institutions and enterprises. Article 9. Educational programs 1. The educational programme defines the content of a certain level of education and orientation. In the Russian Federation, educational programmes are being implemented, which are divided into: (a) general education (basic and supplementary); b) professional (basic and supplementary). 2. The general education programs are aimed at solving the problems of forming a common culture of personality, adapting the person to life in society, creating the basis for informed choice and development of professional educational programs. 3. The general education programme includes: (a) pre-school education; (b) elementary general education; in) basic general education; g) of secondary (complete) general education. 4. The professional educational programs are aimed at solving problems of consistent improvement of professional and educational level, training of specialists of the relevant qualification. 5. Professional: Programmes: (a) primary vocational education; b) secondary vocational education; in) higher vocational education; Vocational training. 6. The compulsory minimum contents of each basic general education program or the main vocational educational program (specific occupation, speciality) shall be set by the relevant State educational standard. 7. The normative time frame for the development of basic educational programmes in State and municipal educational institutions is defined by this Law and (or) provisions on the types and types of educational institutions concerned. Article 10. Forms of education 1. Taking into account the needs and possibilities of the individual, educational programmes are taught in the following forms: in the educational institution, in-service (mainly) and in-out, in the form of family education, self-education, and external studies. You can combine different forms of education. 2. A single State educational standard applies to all forms of education within a specific basic general education curriculum or a basic vocational training programme. 3. The list of occupations and specializations, which are not permitted to be received in the form of external and external studies, is established by the Government of the Russian Federation and approved by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 11. Founder of the educational institution 1. The founder of the educational institution (hereinafter-the founder) may be: (a) public administration and management bodies, local governments; b) domestic, foreign and foreign enterprises; institutions of all forms of property, associations and associations; in) domestic, foreign and foreign public and private foundations; g) social and religious organizations registered in the territory of the Russian Federation Russian Federation; d) Citizens of the Russian Federation and others States. It is possible to establish educational institutions jointly. 2. The relations between the founder and the educational institution are determined by the agreement concluded between them in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 12. Educational institutions 1. Education is an educational institution, that is, one or more educational programmes and (or) ensuring the content and upbringing of pupils. 2. The educational institution is a legal entity. 3. Educational institutions may be State, municipal, non-State (private, public and religious organizations) in their organizational and legal forms. " The Federal legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education applies to all educational institutions on its territory, irrespective of their organizational and legal forms and subordination. 4. The educational institutions include the following types of institutions: (a) preschool; b) general education (primary general, general secondary (general) general education); in) initial vocational training, secondary vocational and higher vocational education; g) special (remedial) for students with developmental disorders; d) institutions of additional education; e) institutions Orphans and children without parental care; (g) Other institutions conducting the educational process. 5. The activities of State and municipal educational institutions are regulated by model provisions on the types and types of educational institutions approved by the Government of the Russian Federation and drawn up on their basis Statutes. The Model Provisions may not restrict the rights of citizens and educational institutions in comparison with the law. For non-State educational institutions, model provisions serve as model provisions. 6. The State status of the educational institution (the type and type of educational institution determined according to the level and direction of the educational programmes implemented) shall be established upon its state accreditation. 7. Branches, offices, and structural units of the educational institution may, by its power of attorney, exercise all or part of the legal authority of a legal person, including having an independent balance and own accounts in banking and other Credit institutions. 8. Educational institutions have the right to form associations, complexes, unions and other associations, including with the participation of institutions, enterprises and social organizations. The associations are established for the purpose of development and improvement of education and act in accordance with their statutes. The procedure for the registration and operation of these educational associations is regulated by law. Article 13. Charter of the educational institution 1. The statute of the educational institution must state: 1.1. Name, location (legal, actual address), status of educational institution. 1.2. The founder of the educational institution. 1.3. Organizational and legal form of the educational institution. 1.4. The objectives of the educational process, the types and types of educational programmes being implemented. 1.5. The main characteristics of the organization of the educational process, including: (a) the language (s) in which education and training are conducted; b) the procedure for receiving pupils, pupils; ) duration of instruction (b) In each stage of the training; g) order and basis of deductions of trainees, pupils; (d) evaluation system in intermediate certification, form, order; (e) treatment of pupils, pupils; f) the existence of fee-paying educational services and the order of their (c) The procedure for regulating and formalizing the relations of the educational institution and the pupils, pupils and/or parents (persons in loco parentis). 1.6. Structure of the financial and economic activities of the educational institution, including in part: (a) the use of property ownership by the founder of the educational institution; b) financing and Material and technical support of the educational institution; in) the sources and order of formation of the property of the educational institution; g) the existence of entrepreneurial activity. 1.7. The management of the educational institution, including: (a) the competence of the founder; b) the structure, the procedure for the formation of the organs of the educational institution, their competence and the organization of the activity; (c) Order of staffing and conditions of payment; g) procedure for amending the constitution of an educational institution; d) reorganization and liquidation procedure. 1.8. Rights and duties of the participants in the educational process. 1.9. List of types of local acts (orders, orders and others) regulating the activities of an educational institution. 2. The Statute of the Civil Educational Institution, which is not regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, is designed and adopted by itself. 3. If the parties to an educational institution specified in this article need to be regulated by other local acts, the latter shall be subject to registration as supplements to the statute. 4. Local acts of an educational institution cannot contradict its charter. Article 14. General content requirements 1. The content of education is one of the factors of economic and social progress of society and should be oriented: to self-determination, creation of conditions for self-realization; Civil society; to strengthen and improve the rule of law. 2. The content of education should provide: the formation of an adequate contemporary level of knowledge and the level of the educational program (stage of teaching) of the world; Professional culture of society; integration of the individual in the system of world and national cultures; the formation of a citizen, integrated into a modern society and aimed at the improvement of this society; Reproduction and development of the human resources of society. 3. Vocational education at all levels shall ensure that students receive training and appropriate qualifications. 4. Educational content should promote understanding and cooperation among people, peoples, different racial, national, ethnic, religious and social groups; take into account the diversity of attitudes, and promote Realization of the right of students to free choice of views and beliefs. 5. The content of education in a particular educational institution is determined by the educational program (educational programs) being developed and implemented by this educational institution on its own. The State educational authorities shall ensure that exemplary educational programmes are developed (based on State educational standards). 6. An educational institution, in accordance with its statutory aims and objectives, can carry out additional educational programs and provide additional educational services beyond the determining status of educational programmes. 7. Military training in civilian educational establishments may be conducted only on an optional basis, with the consent of the students and/or the parents (or persons acting in their stead) through the means and forces of the agency concerned. 8. The educational institution uses cultural institutions to implement educational programmes. Article 15. General requirements for the organization of the educational process 1. The organization of the educational process in the educational institution is regulated by the curriculum (by the content of the educational curriculum in the course, the subjects and the years of study), the annual calendar schedule and timetables Classes developed and approved by an educational institution on their own. The State educational authorities shall ensure the development of exemplary curricula and syllabi, disciplines. 2. The local authorities are not entitled to change the curriculum and curriculum of the civil educational institution after approval, except in the cases provided for by law of the Russian Federation. 3. An educational institution is independent in the selection of the system of assessments, the form, the order and the frequency of the intermediate certification of students. 4. The completion of basic general, secondary (full) general education and all types of vocational education is completed by the mandatory final qualification of graduates. 5. Scientific-methodical assurance of final appraisals and objective monitoring of the quality of graduates ' training on completion of each level of education shall be ensured in accordance with state educational standards of the state An educational service that is independent of the educational authorities. 6. Discipline in the educational institution is maintained on the basis of respect for the human dignity of students, pupils and teachers. The use of methods of physical and mental violence against pupils is not permitted. 7. Parents or persons in loco parentis should be provided with the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the course and content of the educational process, as well as to evaluate the educational attainability of students. Article 16. General requirements for admission to educational institutions 1. The procedure for the admission of citizens to educational institutions, not as regulated by law, is determined by the founder of the educational institution and is laid down in the charter of the educational institution. The Founder establishes the procedure for admission to municipal educational institutions at the basic general and basic general education levels, which provides for the admission of all citizens living in the territory who are entitled to receive Basic general education. 2. When receiving a citizen, the educational institution is obliged to acquaint him and/or his parents (persons in loco parentis) with the statutes of the educational institution and other documents regulating the organization of the educational process. 3. Reception of citizens in State and municipal educational institutions, other than special educational institutions and supplementary education institutions, to receive secondary (full) general education and vocational training shall be made on a competitive basis. The conditions of the competition should guarantee respect for the rights of citizens in the field of education and ensure the enrolment of the most capable and trained educational programmes at the appropriate level. Article 17. Implementation of general education programs 1. General education programmes are implemented in pre-school institutions, basic general, general, secondary (full) general education, including special education; in educational institutions for orphans and children deprived of custody of the parents. 2. Educational programs of special educational institutions (for students with developmental disorders) are developed on the basis of basic general education programs taking into account the peculiarities of psychophysical development and opportunities students, students. 3. Educational programmes of preschool, primary, general and secondary (full) general education are the successor, that is, each successive programme is based on the previous one. 4. The primary and general general education, which have failed to implement the school year and have academic indebtedness of two or more subjects, are left to be repeated at the discretion of their parents (persons in loco parentis) The training is being translated into remedial classes with a reduced number of students per teacher, or continuing education in the form of family education. The studies at these levels, which have an academic debt of one subject at the end of the academic year, are placed in the next class on probation. Their parents (persons in loco parentis) are responsible for the elimination of their academic debt over the course of the next academic year. { \field { \field } { \field { \field } { \field { \field } { \field { \field { \field { \field } } 5. The trainees who have failed to do so at the previous level are not allowed to study at the next stage of general education. Article 18. Preschool education 1. Parents are the first educators. They must lay the foundations for the physical, moral and intellectual development of the child's identity at the infancy. 2. The State guarantees financial and material support for early childhood education. 3. A network of preschool educational institutions is available to provide early childhood care, protect and strengthen their physical and mental health, develop individual abilities and make necessary adjustments to the development of the family. 4. The relationship between the pre-school educational institution and the parents (persons in loco parentis) is regulated by a treaty which cannot limit the rights of the parties as compared to the law. 5. The local administration organizes and coordinates methodological, diagnostic and counselling services for families raising preschool children at home. Article 19. Primary general, primary, secondary (full) general education 1. General education consists of three levels, corresponding to levels of educational programmes: basic general, general secondary (full) general education. 2. The age at which citizens are admitted and the duration of each level of education shall be determined by the statute of the educational institution. 3. Basic general education and State certification upon completion are compulsory. 4. The requirement of compulsory basic general education for a particular learning is still in force until the age of fifteen years if the education was not previously received. 5. The acquisition of basic general education in a general education institution is limited to the age of 18 years. For the categories of trainees referred to in article 50, paragraphs 10 to 12, the age limit for receiving basic general education may be increased. 6. By mutual agreement, parents (persons acting in loco parentis) and the local education management body, who have reached the age of 14, may leave the educational institution until they receive basic general education. 7. According to the decision of the authority of the educational institution for the commission of illegal actions, gross and repeated violations of the charter of the educational institution, it is permitted to exclude students who have reached the educational establishment. 14 years old. The decision to exclude orphans and children deprived of parental care is taken with the consent of the tutorship and guardianship authorities. The exception of the educational institution is obliged to inform the local authorities within three days. 8. General educational institutions, by agreement and with enterprises, institutions and organizations, can carry out vocational training as supplementary educational services, including for payment, where appropriate permissions for the specified activity (license). Initial vocational training shall be provided only with the consent of the students and their parents (persons in loco parentis). Article 20. Implementing professional educational programs 1. Professional educational programmes, including those for learning disabilities and persons with disabilities, are implemented in vocational educational institutions, including special educational institutions. Vocational training institutions with State accreditation carry out these educational programmes for the purpose of training skilled workers (workers and employees) and specialists at the appropriate level according to The lists of professions and specialties established by the Government of the Russian Federation and the levels of education established by this Act. 2. The State educational standard of secondary (full) general education is implemented in the framework of educational programmes of primary or secondary vocational education in the vaguely according to the profile of the vocational education received. 3. The existence of any other vocational education may not serve as grounds for refusal of admission to a vocational educational institution. Article 21. Training 1. The purpose of training is to accelerate the acquisition of learning skills necessary for the performance of a certain job, a group of work. Vocational training is not accompanied by an increase in the educational level of the trainees. 2. The State shall, where appropriate, create the conditions for the training of persons who do not have basic general education. 3. Vocational training can be obtained in vocational schools, as well as in the educational units of enterprises, establishments and organizations licensed. Article 22. Primary vocational education 1. Primary vocational education is aimed at training skilled workers in all major areas of public interest, based on basic general education. Primary vocational education may be based on average (full) general education in certain occupations. 2. Primary vocational education may be obtained in the institutions of primary vocational education (vocational and other schools at this level). Article 23. Secondary vocational education 1. Secondary vocational education is aimed at training middle-level specialists, meeting the needs of the individual in deepening and expanding education based on the basic general, secondary (full) general or elementary vocational training Education. 2. Citizens with an average (full) general or primary vocational education of the relevant profile are provided with intermediate vocational education in reduced accelerated programmes. 3. Secondary vocational education can be obtained in secondary vocational education institutions (secondary specialized educational institutions) or at the first level of higher vocational education institutions. 4. An educational institution of secondary vocational education may carry out educational programmes of primary vocational education if a licence is available. Article 24. Higher professional education 1. Higher professional education is intended to train and retrain specialists at an appropriate level, to meet the needs of the individual in the deepening and expansion of education based on average (full) general, intermediate vocational training Education. 2. Higher vocational education may be obtained in higher vocational education institutions (higher education institutions). 3. Persons with an initial vocational training of the relevant profile may receive higher professional education under the reduced accelerated programme. 4. Persons with a secondary vocational education of the relevant profile receive higher professional education under the reduced accelerated programme. Article 25. Postgraduate vocational training 1. Postgraduate vocational education provides citizens with the opportunity to raise the level of education, scientific and pedagogical qualifications on the basis of higher vocational education. 2. Postgraduate vocational education can be obtained in post-graduate studies, residency, adituncture at educational institutions of higher professional education and scientific institutions. Article 26. Additional education 1. Additional educational programs and services are implemented in order to fully satisfy the educational needs of citizens, society and the state. Within each level of professional education, the main task of additional education is the continuous improvement of the qualification of the worker, the employee, and the specialist in connection with the constant improvement of educational standards. 2. Additional educational programs include educational programs of different directions implemented in educational and vocational educational institutions outside the defining status of the main educational institutions educational programs, in educational institutions of additional education (institutions of professional development, courses, vocational guidance centres, music and art schools, art schools, children's homes) creativity, stations of young technicians, stations of young naturalists and others, (a) by means of an individual educational activity. Article 27. Education documents 1. An educational institution shall issue to persons who have been certified, a document on appropriate education and (or) qualifications in accordance with the licence. The form of the document is determined by the educational institution itself. The document is certified by the stamp of the educational institution. 2. State accreditation and implementing general education (except for pre-school) and vocational education programmes provide educational institutions with a certified document of the state level Education and (or) qualifications. 3. After the completion of the postgraduate education, the protection of the qualification work (dissertation, work) is given a degree and a document is issued. 4. A document of the state model on education is a prerequisite for the continuation of education in the State, municipal educational establishment of the subsequent level of education, unless otherwise stipulated by the charter of the educational system. agencies. 5. The Russian Federation sets the following levels of education (educational qualifications): (a) basic general education; b) secondary (complete) general education; , elementary vocational education; d) secondary vocational education; d) higher professional education; e) postgraduate vocational education. 6. Persons who have not completed this level of education shall be provided with a certificate of the prescribed specimen. Section III EDUCATION SYSTEM Article 28. The competence of the Russian Federation in the field of education of the Russian Federation in the field of education is subject to the following: 1. The formation and implementation of a federal education policy; 2. Legal regulation of educational relations within federal competence; 3. Development and implementation of federal and international programmes for the development of education, taking into account socio-economic, demographic and other conditions and characteristics, including the promotion of the organization of education in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation in other States; 4. Formation and management of federal (central) State, as well as departmental education authorities, appointment of heads of these bodies; 5. Harmonization of the appointments of heads of educational institutions of federal subordination, unless otherwise provided by law and the model provision on the type and type of educational institution; 6. Establishing procedures for the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions; 7. Establishment of lists of occupations and professions for which vocational training and vocational training are conducted; 8. Creation, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions of federal subordination, attestation and state accreditation of educational institutions, establishment of independent from the administration of education of the state system Diagnostic Trade Points (Public Certificate Service); 9. Organization and coordination of the material and technical support of the federal programme for the development of education and other targeted federal education programmes; 10. Development and approval of model regulations on educational institutions; 11. Establishment of licensing, certification and State accreditation of educational institutions; 12. Establishment of procedures for certification of teaching and management personnel of State, municipal educational institutions and educational management bodies; 13. To regulate labour relations, establish labour standards and federal standards of remuneration in educational institutions; 14. Establishment of federal components of State educational standards and equivalence of documents on education in the territory of the Russian Federation, the establishment of foreign educational documents in the territory of the Russian Federation; 15. Annual percentage of federal income allocated to education. Formation of the federal budget for education spending, federal funds for the development of education; 16. The establishment of (a) tax incentives to encourage the development of education; (b) federal funding standards for the education of learners, students; in the order of funding for educational institutions; g) Minimum wage rates and salaries of employees of educational institutions and public administration of education; (d) benefits, types and standards of material provision of various categories students in educational institutions, as well as Teachers in State and municipal educational institutions; (e) the procedure for granting citizens and the payment of their personal State educational credit; (g) educational qualifications for Teaching staff; (h) Federal requirements for educational institutions in terms of building codes and regulations, sanitary norms, health care for pupils and pupils, minimum training facilities and equipment Training facilities; 17. Direct funding of educational institutions of the federal subordination, unless otherwise provided for in the Model provision on this type and type of educational institution; 18. Information and scientific-methodical support of the educational system, the development of exemplary courses and programmes of courses, disciplines within the federal competence, organization of the publication of teaching literature and production of teaching aids. Establishment of a unified information system for the Russian Federation in education; 19. Organization of a federal system for the training and retraining of teachers and managers for the education system; 20. To monitor the implementation of federal legislation in the field of education, federal components of State educational standards; 21. Establishment and award of State awards and honorary titles to educators; 22. The publication of normative documents within the scope of their competence. Article 29. The competence of the republics in the Russian Federation, regions, obles, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous region, autonomous prefects in the field of education 1. In the field of education, the republics of the Russian Federation, in the person of their supreme organs of State power and administration, are subject to: a) the definition and implementation of education policies that are not contrary to policy OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (a) Implementation of the federal education policy, financial support for public guarantees of accessibility and compulsory basic general education by subventions to local budgets; (b) Adoption of legal acts in the field of education; in) Development and implementation of republican, regional programmes for the development of education, including international, taking into account national and regional socio-economic, environmental, cultural, demographic and other features; g) Formation and management of public education authorities, appointment of the heads of these bodies (in consultation with federal education authorities); (d) creation, reorganization and liquidation of educational institutions reporting, licensing and educational institutions; e) establishment of national-regional components of state educational standards; g) formation of republican, regional, oblast, city of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous Regions, autonomous regions of budgets in terms of education spending and relevant educational development funds; (c) establishment of local taxes and fees for education; and) establishment of republican, regional, the cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the autonomous region, (c) Organizing funding and providing mediation services to local education authorities and educational institutions in terms of their logistical support; L) establish additional federal requirements for educational institutions in terms of building regulations and rules, sanitary norms, health care for students, pupils, equipment of educational process and equipment of educational institutions. rooms; m) additional to Federal benefits, types and standards of material support for pupils, pupils and educational workers of educational institutions; n) information support for educational institutions, organization of educational publication The Conference of the States parties, the Committee on the Rights of the child, the Committee on the Rights of the child, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The implementation of State educational standards; (p) editions of normative documents within the scope of their competence. Article 30. The procedure for delineating the competences of the organs of State authority and administration in the field education 1. The competence of the State authorities and the administration of the Russian Federation and its constituent entities in the field of education is exhaustive and cannot be changed except by law, as set out in articles 28 and 29 of this Act. 2. The competence of the supreme legislative and executive organs of the Russian Federation in the field of education shall be determined in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation by the law regulating activities THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The division of competences in the field of education between the federal (central) bodies of state administration is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation in agreement with the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. 4. The competence in the field of education between the supreme legislative and executive branches of the constituent republics of the Russian Federation, as well as between the republic's governing bodies, is regulated by law of these republics. 5. The division of competences in the field of education between representative and executive state authorities in the provinces, regions, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous regions, autonomous regions is regulated by Russian law The Federation and the decisions of the relevant body of representative authority. The distribution of competences in the field of education between the authorities is determined by the respective administration. 6. The federal (central) and departmental bodies of the administration of education are not entitled to take up their own matters, which are within the competence of the republican, regional, regional, city or city of Moscow, and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous prefects and local educational authorities, except in the cases provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation relating to the maintenance of public and public safety and security health and sanitary and epidemiological welfare Protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens. 7. The federal (central) state educational authorities have the right to inspect any educational institutions and any educational administration in the territory of the Russian Federation in matters of its supervisory competence, and may also delegate this right to other public entities in the administration of education. Article 31. The competence of local governments in the field of education 1. Local governments are responsible for the realization of citizens ' right to compulsory basic general education established by this Law. 2. To the exclusive competence of local governments in the field of education are: (a) planning, organizing, regulating and monitoring the activities of local (municipal) educational authorities, educational institutions, etc. institutions for the implementation of public education policy; b) formation of local budgets and funds for the development of education, development and adoption of local standards for financing education; in) Ensuring that citizens living in the territory are able to choose of a general education institution; g) regulation within the limits of its powers and the competence of ownership relations in the education system; (d) the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of municipal educational institutions; Registration of educational institutions in the jurisdiction of the territory; (e) Establishment and elimination of local educational administration and/or self-administered school districts, determination of their structure and powers, appointment of managers of local education authorities; The appointment of directors of municipal educational institutions, unless otherwise provided by the Model provision on this type and type of educational institution or local authority decision; (c) construction of buildings and (c) Construction of municipal educational facilities, management of the adjacent territory; and) monitoring of the conditions for the rental of buildings, premises and other objects of property by educational institutions; c) State and municipal institutions, cultural and sports facilities in the interest of education; L) annual publication of the average statistics on the compliance of educational conditions in educational institutions in the territory, federal and local Requirements. 3. The division of competences in the area of education between the district and the city of district subordination, another settlement in the area, and between the city and the district in the city is regulated by the agreement between the local governments of the various regions levels approved by the regional or city representative authorities, respectively. 4. The competence in the field of education at each level of self-government between the local administration and the local representative body shall be established by decree. 5. Local (municipal) educational authorities may not independently take up matters within the competence of the public administration of education. Article 32. The competence and responsibility of the educational institution 1. An educational institution, independently in the implementation of the educational process, selection and placement of personnel, scientific, financial, economic and other activities within the limits defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the statute educational institution. 2. The competences of the educational institution include: (a) logistics and equipment of the educational process, equipment of premises in accordance with state and local regulations and requirements implemented in (b) Attracting additional sources of financial and material resources, including the use of bank credit; ) Annual Report of the Board of cost; g) selection, recruitment and placement of teaching staff and support staff, responsibility for level of qualifications; d) organization and improvement of methodical support education process; (e) development and approval of educational programs and curricula; (g) development and approval of training courses and disciplines; (s) development and approval and the coordination with local authorities of the annual calendar year graphs; and) establishment of an educational management structure, staffing table, distribution of job responsibilities; (c) establishment of salary and salary levels within of their own financial means, and subject to the limitations imposed by federal and local regulations; (l) the establishment of allowances and supplements to salary, order and size of employees; m) development and Adoption of the statute of an educational institution agreed to by the the founder in part of the Russian legislation; n) the development and adoption of rules of the internal regulations of the educational institution, other local acts; (o) the formation of a contingent on its own formation If not otherwise provided for in the Model provision on this type and type of educational institution and by this Law; p. in accordance with the statutes of the educational institution, the licence and A certificate of accreditation; p) to carry out the ongoing monitoring of the achievement and performance evaluation of learners in accordance with its charter and the requirements of this Law; c) control of timeliness Providing individual categories of students with additional benefits and forms of material support provided for by federal, republican and local government acts; (t) security in Educational institutions for residential care (c) Establishment of the necessary conditions for the functioning of the units of the catering and medical establishments, monitoring their work for the protection and promotion of health Educational institutions and educational associations; x) regulation in the educational establishment; Social (including children's and youth) organizations, (a) The Convention on the Law of the Russian Federation and the Statute of the International Court of Education. 3. The educational institution is responsible, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, for: (a) failure to perform the functions assigned to it; Programmes in accordance with the curriculum and syllabus of the educational process; the quality of the education of their graduates; in) the life and health of pupils, pupils and employees of the educational institution during the educational process; g) violation of the rights and freedoms of students, students and workers in the educational institution; y) otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 33. The procedure for creating and regulating the activity of the educational institution 1. The educational institution is established by the founder on its own initiative and registered by the local authorities in the declaration order. 2. The registration of an educational institution may not be refused on grounds of inexpediency. The refusal of registration can be appealed by the founder in court. The statement of the founder is to be considered by the court within one month. 3. In order to register an educational institution, the founder submits an application for registration, the decision of the founder on the establishment of an educational institution or the relevant agreement of the founders, the charter of the educational institution, the document on the payment State registration fee. 4. The Commissioner of Local Government shall make the registration of an educational institution within one month, which shall notify the applicant in writing, the financial authorities, the appropriate State administration of education. 5. The rights of a legal person in an educational institution in terms of the conduct of statutory financial and economic activities aimed at the preparation of the educational process arise from the moment of its registration. 6. The right to educational activities and benefits provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation arises at the educational institution from the time when the licence (authorization) is granted to it. 7. Licence for the right to conduct educational activities is issued by the public administration of education or on behalf of the local (municipal) entity in the administration of education at the place of the educational institution on the basis of The conclusions of the expert commission. A licence for the right to conduct educational activities for religious educational institutions is given upon presentation of the leadership of the respective denomination. 8. The expert commission is established by the State entity for the management of education or its authorized local (municipal) entity for the management of education on the application of the founder of the educational institution and carries out its work within one month. The expert commission includes representatives of the state body for the management of education, the relevant local authority and the local (or municipal) educational administration body in force Educational institutions, the public. 9. The subject and content of the expert review is to establish compliance with the educational process offered by the educational institution, state and local requirements for building codes and regulations; Health standards; protection of the health of trainees, pupils and employees of educational establishments; equipment of educational premises; equipment of the educational process; educational qualifications of teaching staff and staffing of the states. The content, organization and methods of the educational process are not subject to examination. 10. The requirements of the expert examination may not exceed the average statistics for the territory in which the educational institution is registered. 11. The cost of carrying out the expertise is borne by the founder of the educational institution. 12. The license issued to an educational institution records the control standards, the limit of the number of students enrolled, and the duration of the licence. 13. The negative opinion of the examination and the refusal based on it may be appealed by the founder to the courts. The founder is subject to judicial review within one month. 14. The licence may be withdrawn from the educational institution by the issuing authority only in case of violation of the requirements and supervisory standards contained in the licence. 15. The renewal of the licence is carried out in the same order as it is obtained. 16. The rights of the educational institution to issue their graduates to the document on the formation of a state model, to be included in the central government funding scheme and to use the seal with an image of the state coat of arms OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 17. The certificate of state accreditation confirms the state status of the educational institution, the level of educational programs implemented, the conformity of the content and the quality of graduates ' training to the requirements of the state Educational standards, the right to issue alumni of State model documents on the appropriate level of education. 18. State accreditation of educational institutions is carried out by the federal (central) and departmental public administration bodies, or on the basis of their power of attorney by other public authorities in the administration of education on the basis of The application of the educational institution and the conclusions on its certification. 19. The certification of educational institutions is carried out on their application by the State certification service or on its instructions or powers of power of the state power and management bodies, local self-government bodies with the involvement of the leaders Educational institutions, the public. The certification shall be carried out every five years unless otherwise provided by law. The costs of certification are paid by the educational institution. 20. The purpose and content of the evaluation is to establish the conformity of the content, level and quality of the training of graduates of the educational institution with the requirements of state educational standards. The qualification of the educational institution is the positive results of the final certification of not less than half of its graduates within three consecutive years. 21. An attestation of the State-certified service may be appealed in the courts only as part of the certification procedure. An educational institution has the right to require re-evaluation not earlier than 12 months after the refusal of accreditation. 22. Certification of preschool educational institutions; educational institutions for orphans and children deprived of parental care; special educational institutions; supplementary education institutions; and newly established institutions Pilot educational institutions are conducted by the relevant State entity for the management of education in accordance with the model provisions for these educational institutions. 23. An educational institution may be deprived of State accreditation based on the results of certification. 24. Branches and branches of educational institutions are registered at the actual address, licensing, attestation and state accreditation-in the general order established for educational institutions by this Law. 25. Educational institutions can receive public accreditation in various Russian, foreign and international public educational, scientific and industrial structures. Such accreditation does not entail additional financial obligations on the part of the State. Article 34. Reorganizing and eliminating an educational institution 1. An educational institution may be reorganized into a different institution by decision of the founder, if it does not entail a breach of the obligation of an educational institution or if the founder accepts these obligations. 2. In reorganization (changes in the organizational and legal form, status) of the educational establishment, its statute, licence and the certificate of State accreditation shall cease to be valid. 3. The transfer of State educational institutions to the local self-government bodies is permitted only with the consent of the latter. 4. The liquidation of an educational institution may be carried out by: a) at the initiative of the founder or council of an educational institution; b) automatically at the non-renewal of the seized license within 12 months; in) the decision of the judicial authorities; g) by the decision of the authority that registered the educational institution in case of failure to perform the most recent statutory tasks. 5. The elimination of a rural preschool or general education institution is permitted only with the consent of the gathering of the inhabitants of the communities served by the institution. Article 35. Management of the state, municipal educational institution 1. The State, municipal educational institution is administered in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the statute of the educational institution. 2. The general management of the State, the municipal educational institution is exercised by the elected representative body, the council of the educational institution. The procedure for the election of the council shall be determined by the statute of the educational institution. 3. The direct management of the State and municipal educational institution is carried out by a qualified supervisor, director, rector or other manager (administrator). 4. The head of the state, municipal educational institution in accordance with the charter of the educational establishment may be: (a) hired by the council of the educational institution under the contract; b) was chosen by the team in) was chosen by the staff of the educational institution with the preliminary agreement of the candidate (s) with the founder; g) was elected as a staff member of an educational institution with subsequent approval Founder; y) designated as a founder with The grant of the council of the educational institution of the veto; e) has been appointed by the founder; is hired by the founder of the contract. The appointment of rectors is not permitted in civilian higher vocational training institutions. 5. In case of appointment, recruitment by the founder of the head of state, municipal educational establishment, the latter consists of the state of the state, the municipal organ-founder of the educational institution. 6. The separation of powers between the board of the educational institution and its leader is determined by the statute of the educational institution. 7. The heads of State and municipal educational institutions are not permitted to combine their positions with another management post (other than scientific and scientific-methodical management) within or outside the educational institution. 8. The duties of the head of the state, municipal educational institution and its branch office cannot be held concurrently. Article 36. Managing a non-State educational institution 1. The management of the non-State educational institution is carried out directly by the founder or on his behalf by the Board of Trustees, which is established by the founder. 2. The authority of the board of trustee, the internal management scheme, the procedure of appointment or election of the head and its powers shall be determined by the promoters (board of trustee) in agreement with the teaching staff and shall be fixed in the statute educational institution. Article 37. The education authorities in Russian Federation 1. In the Russian Federation, the following public education authorities are established and are in operation: (a) Federal (central) public administration bodies; (b) departmental public bodies (c) Republic (republics in the Russian Federation) State administration of education; y) krai, oblast, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous regions of the districts of the State administration of education. 2. The State organs of education shall be established by the decision of the relevant body of the executive branch in agreement with the relevant body of representative State authority. 3. Local (municipal) education authorities may be established by decision of the relevant local authorities. 4. The activities of the educational authorities are aimed at providing the Federal Programme for the Development of Education, State educational standards and the functioning of the educational system at the state level. 5. The competences of public education authorities are mandatory: development and implementation of targeted federal and international educational programs; Educational standards and equivalence (nostrofication) of education documents; State accreditation of educational institutions, promotion of their social accreditation; Attestation of teaching staff and requirements for educational qualifications Teachers of educational establishments of different types and types; structure of the educational system; development of lists of occupations, areas and specializations for which vocational training is conducted and professional education; direct funding of the activities of educational institutions that they have established; establishment of state funds for the stabilization and development of the educational system; Funding standards for educational institutions, as well as Logistics and educational facilities; Projection of the development of the network of educational institutions; preparation of proposals for allocation of special subventions from the federal budget for development Education in the regions; supervision of the implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education, State educational standards, budgetary and financial discipline in the educational system. 6. Educational institutions are under the control of their educational institutions. In the event of a violation by an educational institution of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of education and (or) its charter, the public authorities shall have the right to suspend activities in this part of the activity. of the Convention on the Rights of the Article 38. State quality control of the quality education in accredited educational institutions 1. The State certified service may send an educational institution, which has State accreditation, education and/or non-conformity of education to the requirements of the relevant State educational system. Standard. 2. The grounds for consideration by the supreme body of the State certificate service of the question of the direction of the advertising are: a) for educational institutions implementing general education programs: solution a general meeting of the parents (persons in loco parentis) of the children studying in this educational institution; Official representation of the separation of the Certification Service at the place where the educational institution is located; b) to educational institutions implementing professional Educational programs: decision of the general meeting of students in this educational institution; official representation of the public employment service. 3. The decision on the direction of the advertisement or the rejection of the applicant's claim for the claim shall be taken by the highest authority of the State Performance Review Service and shall be communicated to the applicants within one month. The refusal of the State certification service in the direction of the advertisement may be appealed by the complainants to the courts. The case is to be considered by the court at the place of registration of the educational institution within two months. The decision of the court of this instance is final. 4. For two years, the advertisement will automatically deprive the educational institution of its state accreditation. The resumption of accreditation is in the same order that it is received. Section IV EDUCATION ECONOMY Article 39. The relationship of ownership in the education system 1. In order to ensure its statutory educational activities, the founder establishes property rights (land, buildings, structures, property complexes, equipment and other necessary equipment) of a consumer, social, cultural or other appointment) owned or leased by a third person (owner). 2. The property owned by the founder of the educational institution is located in the operational department of the institution. 3. The educational institution is responsible to the owner for the preservation and effective use of its property. The activity of the educational institution in this part shall be monitored by the founder or other person authorized by the owner. 4. State and municipal property, which is attached to an educational institution, may be disposed of by the owner in the manner and under the conditions established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the law and the legal acts of the subjects The Federation, acts of the local self-government bodies adopted within the limits of their powers. 5. A non-State educational institution has priority over the acquisition of previously foreclosable or leased State or municipal property. 6. Exemption and (or) alienation of property assigned to an educational institution is permitted only after the expiry of the period of the contract between the owner and the educational institution or between the owner and the founder, unless otherwise provided treaty. 7. The educational institution owns the ownership of money, property and other objects of property handed over to him by natural and legal persons in the form of gifts, gifts or bequests; Creative labour resulting from its activities; and income from the educational institution's own activities and property ownership. 8. A non-State educational institution may be declared bankrupt on the general grounds established by law. 9. The educational institution is responsible for its obligations to the money and property held by it. If the educational institution is insufficient, the responsibility for its obligations is borne by the founder, in accordance with the law. 10. In the liquidation of the educational establishment, cash and other property belonging to the educational institution, exclusive of liabilities, is allocated for the development of education, in accordance with the constitution educational institution. 11. An educational institution has the right to act as a lessee and a lessor of property. The lease of property held by the founder's educational institution is permitted only with the consent of the founder and on terms defined by the contract between the owner and the educational institution or the owner, and the founder. 12. From State and municipal educational institutions where the founder of the educational institution and the owner of the property is the same as the State or local self-government bodies of the same State The administrative-territorial unit, the rent for the use of fixed assets is not charged, and the costs of maintenance and maintenance are borne by the founder (owner) unless otherwise stipulated by the contract between the founder and educational institution. 13. State, municipal educational establishment may be privatized only by decision of the founder in accordance with the procedure established by law. The founder then has the right to determine the conditions under the profile and the organization of further activities of the institution that is being privatized, which should be enshrined in the new charter of the educational institution, and is responsible for the preservation of the educational institution The number of training places that meet regulatory requirements in the jurisdiction of the jurisdiction. Article 40. State guarantees of priority education 1. State and municipal financing of education is the basis of State guarantees for citizens of the Russian Federation to receive education within the State educational standards. 2. The State guarantees an annual allocation of financial resources for education of at least 10 per cent of national income, as well as the protection of relevant expenditure items at all levels. The absolute level of funding standards for educational institutions is subject to indexation in accordance with the inflation rate. 3. Educational institutions, regardless of their organizational and legal forms, are exempted from payment of all types of taxes, including fees for land. 4. In order to attract investments into the educational system, the state provides a special system of tax benefits to enterprises, institutions and organizations, regardless of their organizational and legal forms, as well as to individuals, including the tax authorities. of the Russian Federation. The nature, size and manner of granting these benefits are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 5. The State provides tax benefits to owners who lease their property to educational institutions. 6. The production of enterprises by educational establishments is equated with consumer goods in the calculation of taxes. 7. The State shall pay to parents (persons in loco parentis) State allowances for the care of a child up to a certain legal age of the Russian Federation, allowances for children in low-income families, mothers with many children and single mothers (fathers); Persons disabled since childhood, allowances for children of emergency services, allowances for minor children during the search for their parents, as well as other social benefits provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation. The amounts of these benefits are not included in the income tax of citizens. 8. Parents (persons in loco parentis) conducting the upbringing and education of a minor child in the family are paid additional funds in the amount of the education costs of each child at the appropriate stage of education State, municipal educational institution, as defined by federal regulations. The payments are made from the budget of the founder of the state, municipal educational institutions of the appropriate type and type until the child receives the average (full) general or elementary vocational education, or until it is reached The age defined by the legislation of the Russian Federation as a ceiling for the payment of social benefits for children. The amounts are not included in the income tax payable to citizens. Article 41. Funding for educational institutions 1. The activities of the educational institution shall be financed by its founder in accordance with the agreement between them. Under the agreement between the founder and the educational institution, the latter can operate on a self-financing basis. 2. The funding of educational institutions is provided on the basis of State (inter-institutional) and local funding standards determined per pupil, pupil for each type and type of education agencies. The { { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b } { \b < } 3. Federal funding standards are approved annually by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation at the same time as the adoption of the Law on the State Budget of the Russian Federation for the next year and is the minimum acceptable. 4. Local funding standards should take into account the specific nature of the educational institution and be sufficient to cover the current costs of the educational process and the operation of buildings, structures and staff The equipment of the educational institution. 5. The scheme of financing of the state, municipal educational institution is defined by the model provision on the appropriate type and type of educational institution. 6. The funding standards for non-State educational institutions cannot be lower than the funding standards of similar State, municipal educational institutions in the territory. 7. Non-State educational institutions are entitled to State and municipal financing from the moment of their State accreditation. 8. The educational institution, regardless of its organizational and legal form, is entitled to attract additional financial resources, including currency, through the provision of fee-paying resources, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Additional educational and other educational institutions provided for in the Statute, as well as through voluntary donations and earmarked contributions from legal and natural persons, including foreign and foreign. 9. The use of supplementary funds by the educational institution does not entail any reduction in the standards and (or) absolute levels of its funding from the budget of the founder. Article 42. Features of funding for higher and postgraduate professional education 1. The right of citizens to receive higher and postgraduate education in the framework of State educational standards shall be ensured for citizens who have undergone a contest and are enrolled in an educational institution, personal state The educational loan (non-refunnally returned, partially returned). 2. The procedure and conditions for granting the citizen public education credit and the procedure for repayment are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 3. The normative financing of the state accreditation of the higher and/or post-graduate vocational education institutions consists of direct funding and the budget of the founder and funds each year. Training in the amount corresponding to the personal state education loan. 4. The ratio of funding to the budget of the founder and from personal state educational loans is established annually by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 43. The right of an educational institution to use financial and material means 1. The educational institution carries out financial and economic activities on its own. It has an independent balance and a settlement account, including currency, bank and other credit institutions. 2. The financial and material resources of the educational institution, the founder or the property of the educational institution, shall be used at their discretion in accordance with the statutes of the educational institution and shall not be exempted unless otherwise OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. Unutilized funds during the current year cannot be withdrawn from an educational institution or taken off by the founder in funding the following year. 4. An educational institution is entitled to participate in the statutes of the partnership (joint-stock companies) and other enterprises only with its own property. 5. An educational institution may, with the consent of the owner, use the financial means and other property of the owner in his or her income-related activities. In this case, the owner shall be entitled to a part of the income from the use of fixed assets in the amount determined by the contract between the owner and the educational institution. Article 44. The Logistics Base of the educational institution 1. It is the responsibility of the educational institution to ensure the maintenance of the property of the buildings, structures, property complexes, equipment and equipment, as well as the property of the consumer, social, cultural and cultural property, which are attached to it and (or) other appointments at the level not below the standard defined by the regulations in force in the territory. 2. The development of the material and technical base of the state, municipal educational institution is carried out by the educational institutions themselves within the limits of fixed (budgetary) and own funds. 3. State and local (municipal) education authorities are obliged to provide mediation services to subordinate educational institutions (if the latter need them) in dealing with content and development issues Logistics Base. Article 45. Pay additional educational services of state, municipal educational institution 1. State, municipal educational institution has the right to provide additional educational services to the population, enterprises, institutions and organizations courses and cycles of discipline; tutoring; studying with students in depth of subjects and other services) outside of relevant educational programmes and state educational standards. 2. The income from the specified activity of the state, municipal educational institution, less the share of the founder (owner) is reinvested in this educational institution, including the increase in salary costs, by discretion. This activity is not business-related. 3. Failing educational services cannot be provided in exchange for basic educational activities financed from the budget. Otherwise, the funds earned through such activities shall be withdrawn by the founder in its budget. An educational institution has the right to appeal against the said act of the founder to the bodies of state arbitration or the courts. Article 46. The educational activities of the non-State educational institution 1. Non-State educational institutions are entitled to charge tuition fees for educational services, including for education in State educational standards. 2. The educational activities of such an educational institution are not considered to be entrepreneurial, if the income derived from it is fully reimbursed for the cost of the educational process (including for the work of the educational process) to the development and improvement of this educational institution. 3. The relationship between a non-State educational institution and a pupil, its parents (persons in loco parentis) is regulated by a contract defining the level of education, the duration of the training, the amount of tuition fees and other conditions. Article 47. The educational activity of the educational institution 1. An educational institution has the right to carry out the business activities provided for in its charter. 2. The business community includes any activity of an educational institution: for the sale and rental of basic funds and property of an educational institution; on trade in purchase goods, equipment; to mediate; on equity participation in other institutions (including education), organizations and enterprises; on equities, bonds, other securities and income generation (dividends, interest) on them; other unrealized operations not directly related to their own production of articles, work, services and their implementation. 3. The activities of the educational institution in the realization of the educational institutions of production, works and services provided for by the statute are only relevant to the entrepreneurial institution in the part where the income derived from these activities is not is reinvested directly in this educational institution and (or) to the immediate needs of the provision, development and improvement of the educational process (including wages) in this educational institution. 4. In its entrepreneurial activity, the educational institution is considered to be an enterprise and is subject to the business law of the Russian Federation. 5. The founder or bodies of local self-government may suspend the entrepreneurial activity of an educational institution, if it goes to the detriment of the authorized educational activity, until the court's decision on the matter. Article 48. Individual labor pedagogic activity 1. Individual labour pedagogical activities, accompanied by the acquisition of income, are considered entrepreneurial and are subject to registration in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. Individual labour pedagogical activities are not licensed. When registered, the applicant shall submit only a declaration and a document on the payment of the registration fee to the appropriate local authority. 3. No individual labour teaching activity is permitted. Individuals engaged in such activities in violation of the Russian Federation's legislation are liable under the legislation of the Russian Federation. Any income derived from such activities shall be collected in accordance with the applicable local budget in accordance with the established procedure. Article 49. Reparation for damage caused by poor education 1. The State, in the case of an accredited education institution, has the right to submit a claim for compensation to the educational institution accredited by an accredited educational institution. The additional cost of retraining these graduates in other educational institutions. 2. The basis for the action is to publicize the State certification service for the quality of training. The case is to be considered by the court in the place of the establishment (registration) of the educational institution within two months. The decision of the court of this instance is final. Section V SOCIAL GUARANTEES OF THE RIGHTS OF THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION Article 50. The rights and social protection of students, students 1. The rights and duties of pupils and pupils in the educational institution shall be determined by the statute of the educational institution and other local acts provided for in the statute. 2. Minors of the Russian Federation have the right to choose educational institutions and forms of education. 3. Citizens who have received education in non-State educational institutions, in the form of family education and self-education, have the right to State certification. 4. Students in all educational institutions are entitled to education in accordance with State educational standards; to study in accordance with the standards of individual curricula; to study at an accelerated rate; and Additional (including paid) educational services; participation in the management of an educational institution; respect for their human dignity; freedom of conscience, information; free expression of opinions and beliefs. Education on individual plans within the State educational standard and forms of participation in the management of an educational institution is regulated by the statute of the educational institution. 5. Graduates of State and non-State educational institutions have equal rights in admission to educational institutions at the next level. 6. The founders of the state and municipal educational institutions are provided with scholarships, dormitories and boarding schools, as well as preferential or free meals, and Travel in transport, other types of benefits and material assistance. 7. Citizens of the Russian Federation who receive primary or secondary vocational education in State educational establishments for the first time in the service of employment, who have lost the opportunity to work as a result The occupational disease and (or) disability received in the line of work, in other cases provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, is provided free of charge. 8. The in-service training courses in educational institutions are entitled to additional paid leave at work, reduced working week and other benefits provided in the order, Labour legislation of the Russian Federation. 9. In educational establishments, the maintenance and training of orphans and children deprived of parental care (persons in loco parentis) is carried out on the basis of full State support. 10. For learning disabilities, the educational authorities establish special educational institutions (classes, groups) to ensure their treatment, upbringing and education, and social adaptation and integration in the educational system. society. The funding of these educational institutions is improved. The Government of the Russian Federation determines the categories of students who are sent to designated educational institutions, as well as those in full support of the State. Children and adolescents are sent to designated educational institutions by the educational authorities only with the consent of the parents (persons acting in loco parentis) in the form of psychological, medical and educational counselling. 11. Special education and training programmes are being established for adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behaviour, who have reached the age of 11, who are in need of special educational conditions and require special pedagogical methods. Institutions ensuring their medical and social rehabilitation, education and training. The direction of students in these educational establishments is only effected by a court decision. 12. For citizens in educational, labour and labour institutions, the administration of these institutions and the public administration of education are provided with the conditions for obtaining basic general and initial vocational training Education, training and self-education. 13. Public authorities and administrations can establish an elite educational institution for children, adolescents and young people who have shown outstanding abilities. Supernormative financing of such educational institutions shall be financed from the budget of the founder. The criteria for the selection of students in these educational institutions shall be determined by the founder and shall be made available to the public. 14. The participation of trainees, pupils in civilian educational establishments without their consent and the consent of the parents (persons in loco parentis) to work not provided for in the educational programme is prohibited. 15. Coercion of trainees, pupils to join social, political and political organizations, movements and parties, as well as to force them to participate in the activities of these organizations and to participate in campaigns and political campaigns is not allowed. 16. Students of civic education institutions have the right to freely attend events not provided for in the curriculum. 17. In the event of the termination of the activities of the general educational institution or the establishment of elementary vocational training, the entity responsible for the education provided by the educational institution shall ensure the transfer of trainees, Persons with the consent of their parents (persons in loco parentis) to other educational establishments of the type concerned. 18. In the case of the termination of the civil educational establishment of secondary and higher vocational education, students are transferred to other educational institutions on a general basis. In this case, the students received (irrespective of their continuing education in the other educational institution), the amount of the personal state education loan for the current academic year is not recovered from them. 19. The pupil has the right to transfer to another educational institution which implements the educational program of the appropriate level, with the consent of the educational institution and the successful completion of certification. 20. Non-State educational establishments are subject to the right to deferred military service and other benefits provided for in the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 51. Protecting the health of students, students 1. The educational institution shall create conditions guaranteeing the protection and promotion of the health of pupils and pupils. The training burden, the treatment of pupils and pupils is determined by the statute of the educational institution on the basis of recommendations agreed with the health authorities. 2. Children in need of long-term care are provided with health educational facilities, including sanatorium type. Training sessions for such children may be conducted by educational institutions at home or in institutions. 3. Teachers in educational institutions are subjected to periodic free medical examinations, which are carried out at the expense of the founder members. 4. Health care is provided by the health authorities. It is the responsibility of the educational institution to provide accommodation with appropriate conditions for the work of medical personnel. 5. The timetable for the educational establishment should include a period of sufficient duration for meals. The Organization of Nutrition in an educational institution is entrusted by the local authorities to the catering establishments. The educational institution must be provided with a facility for the meals of pupils and pupils. 6. Inflationary increases in expenditure on food and health care for students are fully compensated by the State. 7. The responsibility for creating the necessary conditions of study, work and rest of students, pupils in educational institutions is carried out by officials of educational institutions in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the charter educational institution. Article 52. Rights and duties of parents (persons in loco parentis) 1. Parents (persons in loco parentis) have the right to choose forms of education, educational institutions, to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the child and to take part in the administration of their children until they receive the most basic general education. educational institution. 2. Parents (persons in loco parentis) are obliged to comply with the statutes of the educational institution. 3. Parents (persons in loco parentis) have the right to give the child an initial general, general, secondary (full) general education in the family. A child who receives an education in the family is entitled at any stage of instruction to the decision of the parents (persons in loco parentis) to continue their education in the educational institution with a positive assessment. Article 53. The teaching activity 1. The recruitment of educational institutions is governed by their statutes. The educational activities in educational establishments are subject to educational qualifications, as defined by the model provisions on the types and types of educational institutions concerned. 2. Teachers are not allowed to do so by a person who is prohibited by a court sentence or on medical grounds, as well as a person who has been convicted of certain crimes. The lists of relevant medical contraindications and of the offences shall be established by law. Article 54. The pay of employees of educational institutions 1. Salaries, salaries of an employee of an educational institution are paid for the performance of the functional duties and work provided for in the contract. The employee shall be paid for other work and duties under the supplementary agreement, except in cases specifically provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The educational workers of educational establishments have a minimum wage and salaries above the average wage in the Russian Federation. 3. The average rate and salary of employees in educational institutions is set at the following level: for faculty members of higher educational institutions-twice the level of the average wage Employees ' fees in the Russian Federation; for teachers and other teaching staff-not less than the average wage of industry workers in the Russian Federation; for training and support and the average salary of similar categories OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4. An educational institution, within the limits of its available funds, determines the form and system of pay, the amount of supplements and allowances, bonuses and other incentive payments. It is prohibited to seek funds for these purposes by exceeding the maximum admissible educational load. Article 55. Rights, social guarantees and benefits employees of educational institutions 1. Employees of educational establishments have the right to participate in the management of an educational institution and to defend their professional honour and dignity. 2. The disciplinary investigation of violations by a teacher of the rules of professional conduct and (or) the statute of an educational institution may only be carried out on a written complaint. A copy of the complaint must be given to the teacher. 3. The conduct of the disciplinary investigation and the outcome of the decision may be made public only with the consent of the educational officer concerned, except in cases leading to the prohibition of teaching, or If necessary to protect the interests of the trainees, pupils. 4. In the exercise of their professional duties, teachers are entitled to freedom of choice and use of methods of education and upbringing, teaching aids and materials, textbooks, methods of assessing the knowledge of pupils and pupils. 5. The teaching staff, in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, shall enjoy the right to a normalized six-hour working day and a reduced working week, on extended paid leave, to receive a retirement pension until the end of the year. Retirement age. Educators at least every 10 years of continuous teaching are entitled to extended periods of up to one year, the procedure and conditions of which are determined by the founding and (or) statutes. educational institution. 6. The teacher's workload specified in the contract is limited to the upper limit defined by the model provisions on the types and types of educational institutions concerned. 7. The teacher of an educational institution of higher vocational education, with a degree in the relevant field of study, is entitled to read a course in parallel to the existing degree. The management of an educational institution is obliged to create the necessary conditions for this. 8. Teachers of educational institutions are paid a monthly monetary compensation of 10 per cent of the salary (salary) in order to facilitate their printing and periodicals. 9. Teachers in educational institutions, who are remote from urban centres and are considered as such by public administration and management, are subject to the benefits provided in this area for specialists Agriculture. 10. For graduates of educational institutions and colleges, other specialists who have arrived in rural educational institutions are subject to the procedure and conditions for granting a lump sum to the economic establishment established for Specialists who graduated from agricultural universities and technical schools. 11. The employees of the educational, production, manufacturing (s) and educational establishments of the establishments, organizations and enterprises of the educational system shall be subject to the benefits and advantages to be given to the employees of the respective productions. Article 56. Employment relations in the education system 1. For employees of an educational institution the employer is the institution, unless otherwise provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation. 2. The relationship between an employee of an educational institution and an administration is governed by a contract concluded for a certain period of time. The terms of the contract cannot be in conflict with the labour legislation of the Russian Federation. 3. In addition to the grounds provided for in the labour legislation of the Russian Federation, the grounds for dismissal of a teaching staff at the initiative of the administration before the expiry of the contract are: (a) the repetition of gross domestic law over the course of the year Violation of the constitution of an educational institution; b) the use, including the one, of the methods of education related to the physical and/or psychological violence of the learning institution; a state of alcoholic, drug or toxic intoxication. Dismissal on these grounds may be exercised by the administration without the consent of the trade union. Section VI INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN EDUCATION Article 57. International cooperation 1. The cooperation of the Russian Federation with other States in the field of education shall be based on international treaties and agreements not contrary to this Law. 2. Education authorities at all levels have the right to establish direct links with foreign enterprises, institutions and organizations. 3. Training, training and retraining of nationals of other States in educational establishments of the Russian Federation, as well as citizens of the Russian Federation in foreign educational establishments, are carried out under the direct contracts concluded Educational institutions, associations, educational management bodies, other legal entities, as well as natural persons, in accordance with international agreements of the Russian Federation. Article 58. Foreign economic activity 1. Educational institutions, educational institutions have the right to independently carry out foreign economic activities and have foreign exchange accounts in banking and other credit institutions in accordance with the procedure established by Russian law. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Foreign exchange funds received by an educational institution from foreign economic activities are owned or controlled by the educational institution or are not subject to seizure. President of the Russian Federation B. AGRCIN Moscow, House of the Russian Federation 10 July 1992 N 3266-I