LAW No. 8 of 29 April 1971 for the organisation, administration and use of grasslands, cattle-breeding and seed lots and communal Enterprise ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY mount Published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 51 of 29 April 1971 STATEMENT of REASONS referred to in carrying out the tasks of the national programme on the development of livestock farming and raising livestock production during the period 1971-1975 and lifting the entire national heritage economicitatii land are closely related to the rational harnessing of 4.4 million hectares of natural grassland.
Pajistile are the main source of fodder production volume-green, smooth and with silo-nourishing and at low cost.
Capitalizing on the upper part of the production potential of natural grasslands require a suitable legislative framework whose provisions allow the adoption of measures aimed at contributing to the improvement and the rational exploitation of pastures and natural finetelor.
The provisions of Decree No. 303 of 8 July 1955 on the organisation, administration and use of grazing land, cattle-breeding and lots of communal mating stations do not correspond to the newly created situation, as a form of organisation, conception in application of modern technologies to improve grasslands and as sources for obtaining funds to ensure that the proposed works.
For a better regulation of these issues, it was adopted with an adjoining law, content more broadly in terms of organisation, administration and use of grasslands, cattle-breeding and seed lots and communal mount new resorts.
As a rule, the law envisages measures for harnessing of all grasslands, regardless to whom they belong, not only of communal rangelands, such as Decree No. fixes. 303/1955.
Application of modern technologies to improve, on a massive big meadows, the executive committees of Councils, communal folk of State agricultural enterprises, agricultural production cooperatives and the other keepers, own funds. Also, for the work of the executive committees, of the popular councils, city and municipal communal may receive State aid in budgetary appropriations and investment funds in seed and centralized assistance technique in the preparation of projects and execution of the works, which they shall perform the specialized bodies of the agricultural County.
The law also statorniceste the right animal breeders to form associations of grazing, to whom the burden of dealing with the improvement, maintenance and operation of rational natural meadows.
Replace the system for setting fees for grazing by the ministries and executive committees of the District Councils, popular system lacking in elasticity and not cointereseaza executive committees of councils and on popular communal farmers in the rational management of grasslands. Thus, by law, provide that the next charges to be laid, grazing species and categories of animals, the executive committees of Councils, communal folk in consultation with parliamentarians and prominent animal breeders within the limits laid down by this law differentiated quality and production of natural grassland.
Proceeds from grazing fees are to be made to the budgets of municipal income and spent solely for the maintenance and improvement of communal pasture areas, in accordance with the technical program and in order to increase production. Animal breeders are required to provide a certain number of days in the work to improve the grasslands, differentiated according to the number of animals they own.
It also provides for the State to support further action this importance of fertilizers, machinery and materials, within the limit of the amounts provided for annually in the local budgets and from centralized investment funds, listed in the plan of the Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water.
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.
Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 Are considered for the purposes of the law, from the front, agricultural land covered with natural vegetation of grasses, semanata times the destination of pastures and fîneţe.
Article 2 is subjected to the system of organization, administration and use set out in this law, the following goods: a) communal pastures (green land), State property, located in the direct administration of communes, towns and municipalities or in service of agricultural cooperatives;
b) State reserve pastures from the mountain area allocated for what management executive committees of Councils, municipal or communal folk;
c) pajistile State-run direct administration of State agricultural enterprises or other economic organizations;
d) pajistile production cooperatives agricultural property, and the property of other public organizations;
e) pajistile property of individuals;
f) seed lots for production of seeds needed improving grasslands and consignments intended for the manufacture of the livestock, fodder needed for summer maintenance reproducatorilor natural mating.
Chapter 2 Managing grasslands, cattle-breeding and seed batches of Article 3, shall be used exclusively for the Pajistile grazing, to fineata or to the cultivation of fodder, with strict observance of the provisions of the plan of organization and improvement to be drawn up for a period of at least 3-5 years, and the annual operating plans of pasunii.
Article 4 communal Pastures, meadows, the State reserve assigned to the municipalities and the lots of the livestock is given by the executive committees of Councils, city and communal folk. Their management is done in consultation with animal breeders.
Article 5 animal Breeders, and cooperative members, from a neighboring commune or in common may be formed in grazing associations which have as their objective the maintenance, improvement and exploitation of pastures, and grazing on communal pastures spread over rational Association.
Executive committees of Councils popular along with grazing associations responsible for collection of fees from grazing and execution of improvement and the rational exploitation of rangelands using revenue from grazing fees and other sources, as well as by contributing in the work of animal breeders.
Animal breeders cooperative consumer support or agricultural production cooperatives, can organize cooperative stîne, which it will allocate areas of pastureland they need, created the conditions for rational grazing and capitalizing on the upper part of the livestock products obtained.
Article 6 Pajistile of the production cooperatives agricultural property and the property of State commissioned them without time limit is given by the governing boards of the cooperatives, which are responsible for the execution of all maintenance works, improvement and rational use, with his own means.
Executive committees of the popular councils will control how agricultural production cooperatives are using natural pajistile and apply the measures provided for in the plans for the Organization, improvement and exploitation of them.
Article 7 Pajistile-owned agricultural enterprises and direct administration of the State and other units of the household by the State boards.
Executive committees of the popular councils will control how State-owned agricultural enterprises and other economic organizations of State use pajistile that are in their administration and enforce measures to improve them.
Chapter 3 Use, care and improvement of pastures, cattle-breeding and seed lots of the Article 8 Pa and the pastures of the communal reserve managed by executive committees of Councils, city and municipal popular municipal are entitled to bring animals to pasture production cooperatives agricultural cooperative, cooperative members, and residents of stinele commune, which cannot provide grazing animals on pasture.
Article 9 on the agricultural production cooperatives pastures pasuneaza animals and the public property of the cooperative members, as well as other categories of animals population in households with the consent of the Governing Board of agricultural production cooperatives.
Article 10 supplementary pastures that are in the administration of communes, towns and municipalities shall be distributed for grazing by the executive committees of the District Councils, popular agricultural holding units of major breeders of animals and other municipalities that have insufficient pasture areas.
The surplus of pastures from the agricultural cooperatives of production established by the Governing Board of the cooperative shall be communicated to the Council of intercooperatist to be used for other agricultural production cooperatives deficient in pastures within the same organization intercooperatiste.
The surplus of pastures to the Councils of intercooperatiste executive committees of Councils, the district folk.
Executive committees of the District Councils of the popular lowland and Hill will ensure transhumanta for flocks of sheep originating in mountain areas with large herds, according to annual programme established by the Ministry of Agriculture, food industry, forestry and water management together with the executive committees of Councils of the counties concerned.
Article 12 distribution of grazing on beneficiaries is done on a greater number of years.
Alpine pastures in the area will be broken down by State agricultural units, taking into account livestock with which they pasuna in their respective areas and normal loads to grazing in each year of production, agricultural cooperatives and other breeders.
Executive committees of Councils popular along with grazing associations and Socialist units that have shared pastures will take measures to improve the grasslands in the area and for the organisation of Alpine grazing, to meet the needs of green mass of animals owned by all breeders.
Article 13 destelenite Pastures will cultivate in the early years only with the annual fodder plants, after which it will reinsaminta with perennial grasses, enrolling as meadows seeded in all land records.
Article 14 Are mandatory for all owners of the following technical measures: meadows-cleaning and leveling the land;
-the grubbing maracinilor and lastarisurilor;
-chemical fertilizers and fertilization;
-the execution of drainage works, and part of irrigation;
-the application of rational grazing animal groups and animal tarlale and introduction to grazing only the dates and conditions of specialized bodies;
-development and maintenance of adapatorilor, or pasture fencing for tarlalizare and access roads.
Article 15 annual maintenance Plans, improvement and the rational use of rangelands and communal projects for execution agro-phyto-along meadows shall be drawn up by the agricultural specialist bodies and adopted by popular communal councils, city and municipal; pajistile for production of agricultural cooperatives, annual maintenance plans, improvement and usage shall be developed with the support of specialized bodies and shall be approved by the boards of agricultural production cooperatives.
Keepers of the meadows are obliged to execute exactly the work set out in these plans.
Chapter 4 revenue and expenditures Revenue Article 16 for pastures administered by executive committees of Councils popular consists of:-grazing fees which it supports by all beneficiaries under the conditions provided for by law;
-taxes from the sale of the production from the areas of grassland seeded and cultivated plants of fodder;
-the amounts derived from the capitalization of timbers resulted from operation or cleaning of the stands on the meadows;
-other sources of revenue intimplatoare.
Expenses for pastures administered by popular councils will be able to make it to the level of income earned. Exceptionally, from case to case, from the municipalities that hold large areas of low fertility and pastures on which it is run along the complex works, costs will be higher than the tax revenue volume, revenue and other timbers on the grassland, covering it from the budget, subject to the provisions of the EC will be established annually by the State budget. To perform a higher volume as well as works for the improvement and maintenance of grasslands , each animal breeder is obliged to execute the work contribution in number of days set by executive committees of Councils, city and municipal, in relation to the number of animals grazing excused.
Animal breeders who justified reasons may not execute volume of works which have been established may pay the equivalent value of their money, according to the tariffs set by executive committees of Councils, city and communal folk of municipalities.
Article 17 Fees for communal grazing pastures will be determined by the executive committees of Councils, city and municipal popular municipal administering pajistile natural or cultivated, in consultation with parliamentarians, associations of grazing and animal breeders, differentiated according to the quality and fertility of the pasunii, the following limits apply to the entire grazing season:-livestock-minimum maximum-40 60 adult cattle and horses-horse feedstuff and 1-2 years-20 30 calves and the horse under 1 year 10 20-sheep and goats over one year 10 20-swine over 6 months 20 25-youth sheep and goat under 1 year 5 7-piglets under 6 months 5 7 Growers of animals are exempt from fees for grazing bovine animals and sheep's youth, contracted and supplied for export.
On seeded pajistile (artificial) grazing fees will be increased by 25-35 percent against the fees laid down by the executive committees of councils for popular pajistile.
Article 18 the Forestry Fund Lands, which, according to the legal provisions in force, grazing is permitted, shall be determined by the forestry inspectorates and grazing by the executive committees of the District Councils is popular.
For grazing in the forests, animal fanciers will pay the following fees for grazing, throughout the period laid down for grazing in the Woods:-livestock-adult bovine animals over two years old 20-calves under 2 years 10-5 article 19 sheep Breeders of animals harvested for their households needs fodder plants on the fîneţele natural, pasture and arable surfaces from destelenite grasslands in the administration of the executive committees of Councils, will pay the following charges:-lei per hectare-natural-fîneţe 300-600-100-300 natural pasture-alfalfa and clover in the first year of production-plant protective plants 375-150 without protective-Lucerne and clover-450-Scythe Scythe I II and III-375-525 annual crops For arable land meadows destelenite data from animal breeders to be cultivated by them with forage plants-green meal and fine-is established an annual fee of 300 lei per hectare.
Article 20 the funds needed, maintenance and improvement of rational grassland agricultural cooperatives of production and State agricultural enterprises ensure as follows: a) the agricultural cooperatives of production, from the production and investment funds, from grazing fees collected from members and other breeders for invoite animals from grazing on other income shall be carried out on the pastures (valorificari of timber feed, seed, etc.) and from long-term loans granted by the State;
b) at agricultural enterprises, State funds for production and investment units.
Appropriations of State agricultural enterprises and cooperatives for improved agricultural production, maintenance and operation of grassland will be at least at the level of the fees due for grazing animals that use pastures in question.
Article 21 the funds for production and investment, including those borrowed funds intended for financing of actions to improve and exploit the meadows, will be highlighted and managed separately from the units that have the direct management, as well as meadows of banking establishments.
Article 22 the State supports action to improve pastures through the distribution of chemical fertilizers, seeds for insamintarea and suprainsamintarea rangelands of seedlings for establishment of protection zones and by providing technical assistance.
For providing seed, executive committees of Councils, through their specialized units will organize seed lots and meadows model which will apply all the necessary steps of obtaining large productions.
Article 23 general-interest Works to combat soil erosion, desecarile and arrangements for irrigation of meadows including the works executed in agro-complex along pajistile from State administration units run from investment funds that have been approved centralized Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water.
It also finances the investment funds that have been approved centralized Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water procurement of grain drying and stations of green fodder, machinery and equipment, construction and other pastoral works for improving grasslands nature of centralized investments, which shall pajistile councils administrated by popular.
Chapter 5 special provisions article 24 animal Fanciers will be able to use the pastures only on the basis of conclusion of the contract and after payment of the fee prescribed in grazing it.
Animal breeders who have not complied with their obligations in previous years decurgind from animals grazing his consent will be excluded from use pastures up to fulfil the obligations in question.
Article 25 the grasslands and property Guarding them ensure that organizations have the direct management, in use or ownership.
The owners of the animals found on the pastures and seed lots, on fîneţe or on pajistile, where there were no grazing contracts concluded, will be forced to pay damages and fees for health care what are established by executive committees of Councils, city and communal folk.
Land areas covered with forest vegetation, but under the law, have a natural pastures and fîneţe, will be transformed in the meadows, on the basis of a study prepared by the transformation of forestry bodies and plan improvement and exploitation of pajistei, compiled by law enforcement agencies.
Timber originated on these lands is subject to the regime of exploitation, and the revenues are used to improve pastures and natural finetelor.
Article 27 Bodies of pastures covered with forest vegetation of high productivity, the normal age of blemish, or those that cannot be used for grazing due to soil conditions and slope, may be subject to Exchange, as provided by law, the equivalent of land surfaces with pasunabile from the forest.
Areas of grasslands included erroneously in the amenajamente forestry but who, on the basis of acts of service times, prove that belonged to state farm, agricultural production cooperatives or communes, cities or municipalities, may pull out of the forest management plan through order of the Minister of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water, at the proposal of the executive committees of the District Councils, popular predindu-are those to whom it belonged to be improved and exploited as meadows.
Removal from forestry land referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be made on the basis of documentation prepared by committees made up of representatives of the executive committees of the District Councils and the popular Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water.
Withdrawal from the occupied lands of forest fund forest vegetation with high economic value is prohibited.
Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water together with the executive committees of the District Councils will conclude the works of the folk inventory of natural grassland and their delineation of the forest, within a maximum period of 2 years from the date of the present law.
Article 28 use change to another category of grassland use can be done only in duly justified cases, with the approval of the Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water, at the proposal of the executive committees of councils and popular only by compensation with other categories of land use, in such a way that the total area of natural grassland not shrink.
Article 29 the keepers of the meadows that do not execute the work referred to in article 1. 14 shall be punished according to art. 25 of law No. 4/1970 concerning the organisation of work and production in agriculture, published in the Official Gazette, part I, no. 79 of 10 July 1970.
Article 30 if neaplicarii improvement measures and the exploitation of rangelands or at the request of the General meetings of the agricultural production cooperatives, their pastures in service can be entered in the administration of the executive committees of Councils.
Article 31 in areas of action included însămînţări, popular executive committees of Councils, city and municipal communal organizes natural mating resorts, in order to ensure the necessary breed with owners for all species of animals held by individual households and other breeders.
Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water will support the executive committees of Councils in popular resorts of Mount with owners of the breed and its bodies through the specialized technical assistance will be given to their maintenance and operation.
Mount fees shall be determined by the executive committees of Councils, city and communal folk.
Article 32 popular communal councils Budgets, city and municipal 1971 changed accordingly with influences stemming from the application of this law, within the budgetary provisions laid down for the year.
Article 33 on the date of publication of the present law shall repeal the Decree nr. 303/1955 regarding the organisation, administration and use of grazing land, cattle-breeding and lots of communal mating stations, provision concerning exemption of grazing listed in art. 7 paragraph 3 of the decision of the Council of Ministers No. 922/1963, as well as any other provisions to the contrary.