Law No. 2 Of 18 March 1971 Concerning The Improvement Of Vocational Training For Workers In Socialist Units

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 2 din 18 martie 1971 privind perfecţionarea pregătirii profesionale a lucrătorilor din unităţile socialiste

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Law No. 2 of 18 March 1971 concerning the improvement of vocational training of employees in ASSEMBLY units ISSUING NATIONAL Socialist Published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 34 of 18 March 1971, Chapter 1 the national system of vocational training for workers of Socialist popular Republic of article 1 In Romania, the improvement of vocational training constitutes a primary duty of all workers and, at the same time, the obligation of the organs of the Socialist collective leadership. The heads of the Socialist units shall ensure that each worker that conditions to follow periodically, forms of training corresponding to the tasks of the service. For the purposes of this activity, systematic since 1971, will be organized the national vocational training to all workers.


Article 2 by improving the training of employees is intended: to enrich and refresh) systematic professional knowledge, deepening a specific area of the specialty, the appropriation of the new achievements of science, technology and culture of the respective specialty or of the related (recycling);
  

b) getting a additional qualifications in addition to the profession (policalificarea);
  

c) changing the qualification, where basic profession no longer meets the requirements of modern technology and the structure of the economy, or can no longer be exercised due to changes in work capacity (retraining);
  

d) assimilate modern methods and procedures in the field of scientific management and organisation of production and work, and economic knowledge necessary for the execution of tasks.
  


Article 3 the improvement of vocational training of employees in enterprises is carried out, with the status of central ministries, other central bodies of State administration, processing centers, research institutes and design, educational establishments, as well as the other institutions and shall be made by the following forms: a) training in the workplace, under the supervision of the head;
  

b) courses organized within the unit, in other units, as well as in improving the preparation of cadres;
  

c personal improvement programs) with periodic checking of the assimilated knowledge;
  

d) internships and specialization in the own or in other units of the country or from abroad;
  

e) after graduation employment post of education institutions, including postgraduate education;
  

(f)).
  

Depending on your necessities will be organized and other forms. Improvement of vocational training is based first of all on the study of individual workers.


Article 4 the work to improve the training of workers is carried out on the basis of annual plans and perspective that are part of the plans of the Socialist organizations.


Article 5 Draft plans to improve the training of workers should be prepared by each organization, the Socialist basic units up to ministries and other central organs.
On the basis of proposals of the ministries, other central organs and executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, the Ministry of Education, Ministry of labor and the State Planning Committee draft plan centralized to improve the training of workers, which is part of the general programme of in-service training.


Article 6 the improvement of vocational training of employees is organized by ministries, other central executive bodies, the committees of the District Councils and the popular Bucharest and subordinated units for specialties and professions from their profile, as follows: a. in industry, construction, transport, movement of goods and services:-by the ministries for Deputy Ministers, Secretaries, Directors-General and other workers from the Ministry of , CEOs and executives from the central units and major enterprises, and for some frames in the respective field;
-by units of the central service for the heads and staff running from your device, executives from other businesses than those referred to in the preceding paragraph, the leading cadres, some categories of professionals, technicians and craftsmen from subordinate units;
-by enterprises and other economic units for workers, foremen, technicians and other workers who are not included in the categories mentioned above.
B. agriculture, food industry, forestry and water management:-by the Ministry of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water for Deputy Minister, Secretaries, directors, executives and other workers from your device, for the executives of the companies, the County directorates of agriculture, food industry, forestry and water and territorial organisations subordinated to it, as well as for all specialists with higher education who work in agriculture in the field of forestry and water management and for some frames from the food industry;
-by the General Directorates of agriculture County, food industry, forestry and water technicians, foremen and frames with an average training units subordinated to;
-by businesses and other central units for workers and other categories of employees in the above paragraphs are unforeseen.
C. economic synthesis bodies:-the respective central bodies for your device and that of subordinate organizations.
D. in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs:-by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Deputy Minister for secretaries, directors and the entire diplomatic staff and technical and administrative work in this Ministry system.
E. within the educational system:-by the Ministry of Education for the Deputy Minister, Secretaries, directors, executives and other workers from your device, University Presidents and Vice Rectors of institutions of higher learning, directors of institutes and research centers of the Ministry, inspectors general and Chief Inspectors from the County inspectorates;
-by the Ministry of Education, through its own professional development units and institutions of higher learning for the teaching staff, teaching leadership and guidance from the general culture education, vocational and technical teachers, according to the State;
-by higher education institutions for Deans, Vice-Deans, teaching and research staff from the respective units. Perfecting the teaching staff from higher education is carried out mainly through internships and specialization in production units, research and design;
-by educational and research establishments in the other workers in your device which are not referred to in the previous paragraphs.
F. scientific research:-for research institutes, academies of Sciences by these academies;
-for researchers from institutes under ministries, by those ministries.
Improvement of preparation of researchers is done in collaboration with the National Council of scientific research and the Ministry of Education.
[CONTINUATION of article 6 in CHAPTER 5]
Health Ministry Deputy Minister, for secretaries, directors, executives and other workers from your own frames from leading medical research institutes, hospital and Polyclinic establishments, directors of county health directorates and other leading cadres in the health sector;
-by the Ministry of health.


Article 7 the processing Activity of preparing personnel in occupations common to several branches ensure by ministries, other central bodies of State administration and their subordinate units, and executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest, in cooperation with specialized agencies:-for workers in the business of planning, together with the State Committee of Planning;
-for workers in the field of finance and accounting, financial control, together with the Ministry of finance;
-for workers in the field of foreign trade, together with the Ministry of foreign trade;
-wages for workers in the field, organizing, normarii and labour protection, together with the Ministry of labour;
-for workers in construction, together with the Ministry of construction industry;
-for workers in the field of prices, together with the State Committee for prices;
-for workers in the field of statistics, together with the Central Directorate of statistics;
-for workers of technical quality control and metrology, together with the State Inspectorate for quality control of products;
-for jurisconsulti, employees of the State Arbitration and, together with the refereeing Department Ministry of Justice.
The State Committee for nuclear energy forms of training, organizes specialization and improvement within the meaning of article 3, in the nuclear field, for your own needs or other ministries and central organs of the State.

For other occupations common to several branches, the Council of Ministers shall determine, on a case by case basis, specialized organs that will collaborate with the perfecting of ministries in preparation for workers in those professions.
In the work of improving the preparation of workers referred to in the previous paragraphs, specialized agencies cooperate with the ministries and executive committees of councils and popular Bucharest city in establishing thematic programmes, providing teaching material and training personnel.


Article 8 the Ministry of labour, through the central Institute of studies for the management problems of the economy, work organisation and improvement of teacher education, ensure the improvement of the preparation of some leading cadres and specialized ministries, other central organs of State executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, with the status of Central and main enterprises, management and scientific organisation of production and work.
In addition, the Ministry of labour exercise coordination and methodological guidance of the work of preparation of employees in matters of leadership and organization, the ministries of central units, enterprises and institutions.


Article 9 Improvement of vocational training of workers through post-graduation and doctorate are organised by the Ministry of Education, in accordance with the legal provisions in force; to this end, the Ministry of Education cooperates with the ministries and other bodies concerned.
Post-graduation is achieved through the improvement of preparation of various fields of science, technology and culture. It is organized into sections or faculties in institutions of research and design with the approval of the Ministry of Education.


Article 10 ministries and other central bodies of State administration, depending on your necessities, set up special centres for retraining.


Article 11 professional development programmes of vocational training of employees in enterprises and institutions, shall be conducted, as a rule, without removal from the workplace.
Organization improvement actions that require removal from the workplace of participants is done with the approval of the ministries, other central executive bodies and committees of the District Councils and popular of Bucharest for what they are.


Article 12 refresher Activity is organized in distinct levels of preparation and specialties, taking into account the needs of establishments, the ability of workers, the requirements of the stations they occupy and their prospects of promotion.
Also according to necessities, will organize training programs naţionalitatilor languages cohabiting.


Article 13 professional development forms Graduation is made, where appropriate, on the basis of theoretical and practical evidence, papers, exams, certifications, in accordance with the conditions laid down by ministries and other central bodies of State administration, according to the specifics of each preparation and activity of branches and Socialist units.
Graduation is certified by documents released by Socialist units or centres for which forms were held to improve the vocational training of workers.


Chapter 2 rights and obligations of workers and Socialist units from these Colleges article 14 ministries and other central bodies of State administration, the boards of the central executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, steering committees in enterprises and institutions and other bodies of the collective leadership of the Socialist responsible for organizing units tracking and proper conduct of the work of improvement of vocational training for workers.


Article 15 ministries and other central bodies of State administration, and executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, forms processing, their duration and frequency of recycling on the categories of workers, foremen, technicians, officials, staff and managerial staff.


Article 16 within each organization be formed socialist collective of specialists who assist the governing bodies from units in annual plan development and prospect for improvement of vocational training of employees in the establishment of forms, themes and methodology for the conduct of organized programmes for this purpose. These collective component shall be approved by the governing body of each socialist collective units.


Article 17 ministries, other central organs of State and local bodies of State administration, as well as their subordinate units, ensure the necessary material means activities to improve the training of workers in the framework of EC funds are allocated through them.
The economic units, necessary expenditure on improvement of system of civil servants training of workers should be included, as appropriate, in the cost price of production or in investment funds; the budgetary units, such expenses shall bear from the budget.
Expenditure related to the functioning of the postgraduate education shall be covered from contributions that send students to the units this form of vocational training.


Article 18 governing bodies of organizations of the Socialist collective are obliged to provide teaching staff and refresher training required forms what is organized in units of their own.
Teaching and training staff are specialists in turn select from businesses, ministries, research and design establishments, educational institutions, academies, scientific societies and professional associations.
Teaching and training staff, used in various forms of vocational training of employees, performs this activity as a service obligation and duty, as public citizen.


Article 19 where the improvement of vocational training is achieved through programs or internships abroad, collective organs must ensure:-the establishment of concrete goals of improvement;
-selection of participants on the basis of vocational training, knowledge of foreign languages, and according to their ability to assimilate new knowledge and to apply them in concrete activity;
-the way in which workers apply knowledge learned in practice.


Article 20 governing bodies of collective Socialist units are required to analyse the progress of the plan to improve the achievement of vocational training of employees, conduct and efficiency of this task by establishing the necessary improvement measures.


Article 21 the improvement of vocational training constitutes an obligation of service to all workers in Socialist units. To this end, workers under the following main duties: to concern themselves in) to constant knowledge of the latest advancements in science, technology and culture since their specialized field;
  

b) to participate in forms of training in which they were employed and to acquire the thoroughly taught knowledge;
  

(c) its use in practice) the knowledge, methods, techniques and experience gained and to apply lodged in their business principles and management science organization of production and work.
  


Article 22 Workers who hold leadership positions, including leaders, are obliged to deal with the ongoing improvement of the vocational training of staff responsible for their guidance through:-direct at the workplace;
-participation in the establishment and implementation of improvement plans in preparation for workers;
-tracing how each worker that apply in practice the knowledge acquired through the various forms of vocational training.


Article 23 to the promotion or maintenance of per post, gradatiilor and assignment of payroll, grant gratificatiilor, will you realize both of the results of the work and the manner in which workers realize their duties concerning the improvement of vocational training.


Article 24 the forms of preparation is proceeding with the work on a single period or instalments over several periods, students receive during their studies, from the Socialist who are employees, the tariff salary for the work and the bonus for seniority. Where the duration of removal from the place of employment shall not exceed one month, leading cadres are receiving compensation and leadership.


Chapter 3 the role of educational establishments, scientific institutions, professional associations and public organisations Article 25


The Ministry of Education has the task of coordinating the work of guides and improvement of vocational training for workers. Educational units are required to support the Socialist organizations in developing programmes for improvement in the organisation and proper conduct of the activity. The physical basis of schools literacy, vocational and technical schools, secondary specialized and higher educational institutions will be offered, during when not teaching activities are conducted at the disposal of ministries and other central organs, organs of local State administration, enterprises, power stations and other units in order to achieve Socialist programs to improve the vocational training of workers.
Teachers education network will provide hours of teaching and training within the framework of retraining the vocational training of workers in Socialist units; these hours will be included in compulsory education, rule.


Article 26 in improving the preparation of instructors, technicians, workers, engineers and other frames with superior training, material will be used and experts from the institutes, centres and research laboratories, from design units and territorial cabinets for organising production and labour.


Article 27 of the Socialist Republic of Romania Academy, Academy of social and Political Sciences, Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences, Academy of medical sciences, National Council of engineers and technicians, architects ' Union, Association of lawyers, economics, society and other scientific institutions and professional associations are required to participate, with material and experts at their disposal, to the preparation and implementation of programmes for the improvement of workers ' training instructors, technicians, engineers, doctors, teachers, other professionals in the fields of economy, science and culture.


Article 28 the central Institute of technical documentation, documentation centres and institutes, scientific and economic ministries, Central and local government organs, the central units, enterprises and other organizations will ensure the Socialist material and informative documentaries on new conquests of science and technology, modern methods and forms of management and organization of production and labor, necessary teaching staff and learners from all forms of vocational training for workers.


Article 29 Shall recommend General Union of trade unions of Romania to participate in the elaboration and carrying out all the measures for raising the qualification of workers, aducindu and contribution to the compilation-and refresher programmes of vocational training, the Organization of technical and economic propaganda, the popularization of scientific and technical knowledge in reaching the masses of working people.


Article 30 it is recommended the Union of Communist Youth of acting systematically for their range of youth from economic units, institutions of social-cultural and administrative forms of vocational training, acquiring thorough knowledge of the theoretical and practical activity and its application in concrete; with the support of the ministries, organizations, establishments of Socialist Communist Youth Union will carry out activities aimed at enhancing young people's interest for the sway of the full trade, for raising their cultural and scientific.


Article 31 shall recommend that the Central and local press, radio, television and other mass media means to act consistently in support of improving the training of workers in Socialist units.


Chapter 4 final provisions Article 32 the provisions of this law shall apply, as appropriate, to the Organization's own systems to improve the training of workers in the Ministry of the armed forces, Ministry of Internal Affairs and State Security Council in accordance with rules to be established by these bodies.


Article 33 the provisions of art. 21 of law No. 1/1970 concerning the organisation and discipline in State Socialist units shall apply to workers who follow professional refresher course withdrawal from production for a period of at least 3 months, and for those who are sent to specialist training abroad, regardless of duration.


Article 34 recommended cooperative organizations and other public organizations that, based on the objectives and the provisions of this law, to lay down appropriate rules with regard to improving the training of workers in their own units.


Article 35 of this law shall abrogate all provisions contrary to its provisions.


Chapter 5 Article 36 g. health care:-by the Ministry of health for the Deputy Minister, Secretaries, directors, executives and other workers from your own frames from leading medical research institutes, hospital and Polyclinic establishments, directors of county health directorates and other leading cadres in the health sector;
-by the Ministry of health for all doctors on issues of medical faculties;
-by county health departments and offices for the heads of pharmaceutical physicians of sanitary districts and dispensaries, health staff with technical leadership functions, class advisers of pharmacy, management personnel and technical administrative units plumbing;
-by the health units for other workers in your device which are not referred to in the previous paragraphs.
H. Justice: the Supreme Court by the Prosecutor's Office the Socialist Republic of Romania and the Ministry of Justice for Vice Presidents and judges of the Supreme Court, Deputy Prosecutor general and prosecutors within the General Prosecutor's Office and the Deputy Minister to executives and other workers from the Presidents own, county courts, the Court of first instance and the courts of Bucharest, as well as Chief prosecutors and notaries heads;
-by the courts, Prosecutor's offices and the County and notary of the municipality of Bucharest for judges, prosecutors, notaries and other workers in the field of Justice.
I. In the field of culture:-by the State Committee for culture and arts for Vice Presidents, Secretaries, executives and other workers from your device, Presidents and Vice Presidents committees of County culture and arts, CEOs and directors of subordinate Economic Committee, executives from major institutions of culture and arts;
-by power plants and institutions of culture for your device subordinate units;
-by the appropriate committees of the culture and art of cadres of County, at nursing homes, houses of culture, communal and municipal libraries, museums.
J. in local administration:-by the State Committee for economy and local administration for Vice Presidents, Secretaries, executives and other workers from your device, as well as the executive secretaries of the committees and councils of the municipality of popular Boston executives in these committees of the executive secretaries, executive committees for Councils municipal and city folk, as well as Vice Presidents and Secretaries of executive committees of Councils, communal folk;
-by the executive committees of the District Councils and the popular Bucharest, municipal councils and city folk, for workers in your device, as well as leading cadres and the subordinate units;
-by executive committees of Councils hierarchically superior, popular for employees of the executive committees of Councils, communal folk;
-by businesses and other subordinate units for workers, foremen, technicians and other workers who are not included in the categories referred to in the previous paragraphs.
Improvement of vocational training for workers in establishments with dual subordination is organized by executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, in collaboration with the specialized agencies.
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