Law No. 1 Of 16 February 1968 To Amend Certain Articles Of The Constitution Of The Socialist Republic Of Romania

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 1 din 16 februarie 1968 pentru modificarea unor articole din Constituţia Republicii Socialiste România

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Law No. 1 of 16 February 1968 to amend certain articles of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY and published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 16 of 16 February 1968 REASON For bringing out the directives of the National Conference of the Communist Party from 6 to 8 December 1967, it appears necessary that the constitutional provisions relating to the administrative organization of the territory, organisation and functioning of the organs of the central State administration, organization and functioning of local organs of State power and administration, as well as the name of various State bodies connected with the territorial-administrative units to be modified accordingly.
To this end, through the above regulations amend art. 15 of the Constitution, prevazindu as the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania is organized into administrative-territorial units-County, city and Township, as major cities can be organised as municipalities, and Bucharest, the capital of the Socialist Republic of Romania, is organized in terms of administrative sectors.
In consequence of the change and art. 94, 100 para. paragraphs 1 and 2, 102. 1 and 106 paragraph 1. 1, in which reference is made to the Organization of the courts and judicial prosecution.
Law on modification of article. 70 and 73, so strengthening the constitutional role to reflect the Council of Ministers, as the body's general executive leadership activity throughout the country. Provisions of art. 78 were set to agree with those of art. 77, meaning that Ministers and heads of other central bodies of State administration bodies respond they run in front of the Council of Ministers.
Am also contained provisions designed to strengthen the role of the popular councils in local life and leadership to ensure a consistent application of the principle of collective leadership in the work of the executive committees.
To ensure the most appropriate popular councils, as well as rulings and systematic labour in their first session of popular councils will elect executive committees, which will have a President, two Vice Presidents, one of whom will be Senior Vice President, and a number of members prescribed by law.
The term of Office for all popular councils is established at 4 years. So far, the remainder of the popular communal advice was 2 years old. Increase term of 4 years is required, because the increased tasks that will return the popular communal councils advertise a longer duration, as well as the higher learning as well as the extent of these elected bodies with solving social and State Affairs.
It was intended at the same time the establishment of Councils of local bodies of State administration, subject to the double subordonari. They work either as executive institutions, whether specialized units (regional directorates, directorates, committees, etc.) given the task of leading the local activity in various branches and fields.
Particularly local authorities, economic organizations set up on the principle of own economic management, enterprises and State institutions of local popular councils organize executive apparatus necessary for activity of the organs of local State administration and for the purposes of those shown above to change art. 22, 78, 79, 80, 81 paragraphs 1 and 2. 3, 83, 88, 90, 92-97.
According to these changes, "tips", used in some constitutional texts, it should be replaced with that of "popular councils"; also, the name of various texts State is related to the administrative-territorial units are to insert appropriate names for new units.
In this sense, alter and art. "". 1 and 2, paragraph 1, 25. 1 and 3, 43 points 6 and 18, 63, 64, item 1, item 8, 81 paragraphs 1 and 2. 1, 2 and 4, 82, 84 paragraph 3. 1 and 2, para. 85, 86 1 and 2, 87, 89 para. 1 and 2, 91 para. 1. As a result of all these changes, it was decided to republish the Constitution of 21 august 1965.
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.


Article I Article 1. 15, 22, 70, 73, 78, 79, 80, 81 paragraphs 1 and 2. 3, 83, 88, 90, 92-97, 100 para. paragraphs 1 and 2, 102. 1 and 106 paragraph 1. 1 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania shall amend as follows: Art. 15. The territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania-is organized into administrative-territorial units: the County, city and township.
The capital of the Socialist Republic of Romania is Bucharest, which is organized by sector.
Major cities may be organised as municipalities.
Art. 22. Romania-Socialist Republic, In naţionalitatilor ensure the use of cohabiting movement of mother tongue, as well as books, magazines, newspapers, theaters, education of all grades, in the language of its own. In the territorial-administrative units inhabited and population of another nationality than the Romanian, all organs and institutions use oral and written language, naţionalitatii and make appointments of officers from its turn or other citizens who know their language and way of living of the local population.
Art. 70.-Council of Ministers is the highest body of the State Administration Council of Ministers exercise the General management of the executive activity throughout the country, with the following main tasks: 1. Sets out the General measures for bringing out the internal and external policy;
2. the necessary measures for the organisation Decides and ensuring enforcement of laws;
3. Directs, coordinates and controls the activity of ministries and other central bodies of State administration;
4. Elaborates the project plan and the draft State budget and any other draft laws; elaborates draft decrees;
5. establish arrangements for the implementation of the plan and the State budget; prepares general report regarding the fulfillment of the State plan and a general account of the end of the budgetary exercise;
6. Establish economic organisations, enterprises and State institutions of republican interest;
7. Take steps to ensure public order, the defense of the interests of the State and protection of the rights of citizens;
8. Take measures, in accordance with decisions of the Council of Defense, the General Organization for the armed forces and the fixing of the annual quotas for citizens who are going to be called upon to fulfill his military service;
9. the General control in the field of relations with other countries and take steps for the conclusion of international agreements;
10. supports the work of organisations and NGOs;
11. Exercise, as provided by law, the task of management and control over the work of the executive committees of Councils.
Art. 73.-Council of Ministers consists of the President of the Council of Ministers, Senior Vice President of the Council of Ministers and the chairpersons, Chairmen, Ministers and other central bodies of State administration provided for by law.
In the Council of Ministers, as Ministers, and the President of the Central Council of the General Union of trade unions, the President of the National Union of agricultural cooperatives of Production, as well as the first Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth Union.
President, Prime-Vice Chairman and chairpersons form the Bureau of the Council of Ministers of the Council of Ministers.
Art. 78. Ministers and heads of other central bodies of State administration bodies respond they run in front of the Council of Ministers.
Art. 79.-the popular Councils are local organs of State power in the administrative-territorial units in which they were chosen.
Local popular councils conduct the business, economic and social development agencies across cultural and urban-gospodareasca of administrative-territorial units were chosen, defense of property protection of citizens ' rights, Socialist, socialist legality and maintaining public order.
Popular councils organize citizen participation in solving local affairs of State and public organizations.
Art. 80. following the popular Council exercise main tasks: 1. Adopt the economic plan and the local budget, approve the closing account of the budgetary exercise;
2. Choose and cancel Executive Committee;
3. Establish economic organisations, enterprises and State institutions of local interest;
4. Drive, indrumeaza and supervise the work of the Executive Committee of the local organs of State administration, enterprises, economic organizations and institutions;
5. decisions of the popular councils hierarchical Controls.
Art. 81. paragraphs 1 and 2. 3.-the term of Office of the Council is four years, reckoned from the date of expiry of the previous people's Council.
Art. 83.-popular Councils working sessions; the convening of the sessions is made by the Executive Committee of the Board.
Popular councils called times cite necessary in extraordinary session, at the initiative of the Executive Committee or by at least one third of the total number of Deputies.
Art. 88. Council-Executive Committee of popular and has the following main tasks: 1. Bring out the laws, decrees, and decisions of the Council of Ministers and other bodies of the superior acts;
2. Execute the decisions of the people's Council that elected him;
3. Develop draft budget and economic plan;
4. Execute the local budget and economic plan, drawn up the report on the fulfillment of local economic plan, as well as the closing of account budgetary exercise;

5. indrumeaza lead and supervise the work of local organs of State administration;
6. indrumeaza leads, coordinates and controls the work of the economic organizations, enterprises and institutions;
7. Lead, indrumeaza and controls the work of the executive committees of Councils hierarchically inferior popular Council folk who elected him.
Art. 90-Council Executive Committee is composed of the people's President, two Vice Presidents, one of whom may be Senior Vice President, and from a number of members prescribed by law.
Art. 92.-the Executive Committee operates according to the principle of collective leadership.
The entire Executive Committee or each of its members and are responsible in front of the popular Council which it has chosen, as well as in front of the Executive Committee of the people's Council and hierarchically superior Council of Ministers.
Each Member of the Executive Committee shall be responsible for its own activities, and for all activity of the body.
Art. 93.-popular Councils organize law, besides their executive committees, local organs of State administration organs of local State administration are subordinated both popular and Executive Council, and the Central and local bodies of State administration in a hierarchical structure.
Art. 94. In the Socialist Republic of Romania-Justice shall be administered according to the law, by the Supreme Court, county courts, courts of law, as well as through military courts.
Art. 95-activities of the tribunals and courts, defend the rights of the Socialist orînduirea and, in the spirit of being responsible citizens educand laws.
Tribunals and courts, applying criminal penalties, straightening and re-education, as well as offenders and preventing performance of new crimes.
Art. 96. The tribunals and courts-judge civil and criminal causes any other data issues within their jurisdiction.
In the cases provided for by law, tribunals and courts exercise control over decisions of administrative bodies or institutions, jurisdictional activity.
Tribunals and courts litigate those unhealthy in their rights through administrative action, as to pronounce, in accordance with the law, and the legality of such acts.
Art. 97 para. 1.-the Supreme Court exerts control over the general judgment of all courts and tribunals. Means of exercising this control is established by law.
Art. 100 para. 2.-the first court cases to judges, the county courts and the military courts shall be carried out with the participation of folk asesorilor, except in cases when the law provides otherwise.
Art. 102 paragraph 1. 1. The Socialist Republic of Romania-The legal procedure is performed in the Romanian language, building the territorial-administrative units inhabited and population of another nationality than the Romanian, the language of the native populations.
Art. 106 paragraph 1. 1.-the prosecution is led by the Attorney General. Prosecution: Prosecutor General's Office, the county prosecution offices, the local prosecution offices and military prosecutor's offices.


Article II The art. "". 1 and 2, paragraph 1, 25. 1 and 3, 43 points 6 and 18, 63, 64, item 1, item 8, 81 paragraphs 1 and 2. 1, 2 and 4, 82, 84 paragraph 3. 1 and 2, para. 85, 86 1 and 2, 87, 89 para. 1 and 2, 91 para. 1, the terms "popular" tips are replace by "popular councils".


Article III of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania, as amended by this law, shall be a Republic.
This law was passed by the National Assembly on 16 February 1968, gathered from the 414 votes cast, 412 votes for and 2 against.
President of the great National Assembly square, Bucharest, February 16 was 1968.
No. 1.
In accordance with the provisions of art. 57 from Romania Socialist Republic Constitution, we conclude that law.
The State Council, President NICOLAE CEAUSESCU Bucharest, February 16, 1968.
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