Law No. 154 Of October 11, 1999

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 154 din 11 octombrie 1999

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LAW no.
154 of October 11, 1999 to ratify the Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of Romania, the Government of Bulgaria and the Government of Turkey in the fight against terrorism, organized crime, illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, money laundering, trafficking of arms and people and other serious crimes, signed in Antalya on April 16, 1998
Issued



PARLIAMENT Published


Official Gazette no. 497 of October 14, 1999

Romanian Parliament adopts this law.

Article UNIC


It ratifying the Cooperation Agreement between the Romanian Government, the Government of Bulgaria and the Government of Turkey in the fight against terrorism, organized crime, illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, money laundering, arms trafficking and other serious crimes and persons signed Antalya on 16 April 1998.
This law was passed by the Senate in its meeting of 31 May 1999, in compliance with art. 74 para. (2) of the Constitution.
P. President of the Senate Doru Ioan TARACILA

This law was adopted by the Chamber of Deputies in the meeting of September 7, 1999, in compliance with art. 74 para. (2) of the Constitution.
P. Chamber of Deputies Speaker

ACSINTE GASPAR


COOPERATION AGREEMENT
Between the Romanian Government, the Government of Bulgaria and the Government of Turkey in the fight against terrorism, organized crime, illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, money laundering, arms trafficking and other serious crimes
people and Government of Romania, the Government Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Turkey, hereinafter party
desire to develop and strengthen friendly relations and cooperation between their countries
convinced that terrorism, the most serious human rights violations and having legal basis constitutes the greatest threat to international peace, security, stability, territorial integrity and democratic values ​​of the country,
given the natural connection between terrorism and organized crime and that the world and the Balkans traffic illicit narcotics and psychotropic substances, weapons and people, and money laundering activities have reached worrying
recognizing that joint efforts are needed to determine the media directly or indirectly supporting terrorism and organized crime, || | emphasizing the common desire to engage in close cooperation to fight terrorism more effective against all forms of organized crime and money laundering activities,
agreeing to establish as soon as possible the necessary mechanisms between the competent institutions for cooperation, which will be strengthened and developed based on the principles of equality and mutual interests, and their common struggle to start immediately, in accordance with their national legislation and international treaties in force
agreed that: | ||
Chapter 1


Fight against terrorism
Article 1


Considering the aspects mentioned in the preamble, the Parties shall take effective measures in their countries in order to prevent the taking and terrorist acts against the safety of citizens and other parties.

Article 2


Parties, at the request of either Party with performing common struggle against terrorism will change any types of information and documents related to the matter.

Article 3


Parties in addition to providing communication between them, will act to establish a computerized system to gather data about the actions and methods, modus operandi, financial sources of terrorist organizations, organized crime networks, groups and individuals involved, provenance weapons , ammunition, radioactive materials and explosives used in terrorist actions that store and distribute this information for common use. Place, form, funding and methods of operating the system will be set at tripartite meetings.
Parties shall transmit the information on the provenance computerized weapons, ammunition, radioactive materials and explosives used in terrorist actions, without prior request.
By setting up a system to request the parties will provide this information to other parties.
Parties shall take the necessary measures to ensure the flow of information to the computer system.

Article 4



Parties shall cooperate to achieve safety and protection in air transport, road, sea, rail and inland water courses against terrorist organizations and movements regarding suspicious vehicles in the said areas.

Article 5


The Parties shall afford mutual technical assistance of any kind and will support each other, including communications (through direct communication), and taking into account the link between terrorist organizations and organized crime networks, the parties will cooperate to identify and elimination of their financial sources.

Article 6


Parties shall take the necessary measures in accordance with their national legislation and legal assistance agreements for the expulsion of citizens in the home country of one Contracting Party who have committed terrorist actions against one of the parties in their own country.

Article 7


The parties will attempt to identify the individuals and institutions that act directly or indirectly for the benefit of terrorist organizations and / or organized crime on the territory of their country will investigate and prevent activities identified by informative methods as being illegal. In this area the parties will cooperate constructively through their competent authorities.

Article 8


Parties shall cooperate and assist one another in taking joint initiatives under the agreements and international agreements, in order to obtain beneficial and effective results.

Chapter 2

cooperation in the fight against organized crime

Article 9


On their national territory Parties shall take necessary legal steps to prevent all the destructive actions of organized crime networks, against public order and security of the other party, and will be made to this end data and information exchanges, cooperating fully in this direction.
The Parties shall cooperate, in particular in the following areas:

A) combating trafficking in weapons, ammunition, explosives, toxic substances, biological and illegal actions carried out by these substances;


B) the fight against the production, sale, trafficking and the spread of narcotic and psychotropic substances and illegal transfer of chemicals used to make them and against the use of narcotics and psychotropic substances;


C) the fight against counterfeiting of banknotes, securities, passports, visas and other official documents;


D) fighting against illegal border crossings of persons, organized individually or in groups;


E) combating trafficking in motor vehicles;


F) fight against smuggling of cultural values ​​and historical works of art, precious metals and other commodities;


G) the fight against organized crime other crimes.


Article 10


The parties will share data and documents results of the investigation and prosecution of persons involved in terrorism and organized crime.
Parties shall promptly forward the information obtained about the attempts and actions referred. To this end it will establish regular contact between their competent authorities.

Article 11


Parties, bearing in mind that persons involved in criminal activities punishable by the laws of their countries using false identity papers and documents will cooperate to achieve a strict control of the identity documents of inputs and outputs in their countries and in this end, shall take the necessary measures at the border.
Competent authorities in border areas may establish direct contacts with their counterparts in adopting concrete measures to prevent offenses in training or finding offenses already committed.
Parties may establish subcommittees to ensure cooperation between border units. These subcommittees will meet at the requested parts.

Article 12


Parties shall exchange information and experience on the types of organized crime recently occurred or which may arise, the methods and means used in committing such crimes and possible measures to prevent them.
Parties shall establish special subcommittees between intelligence units of the ministries of interior, to exchange data and intelligence.

Article 13



Information and documents obtained under this agreement will, upon request, confidential and will be used under the terms and for the purposes set by the supplier.
Information and documents obtained as a result of this exchange will not be released to other countries, except the parties to this Agreement without the consent of the supplier.
Parties shall take effective measures against unauthorized access to information provided and also the amendment or publication.

Article 14


Parties shall cooperate in the following areas:
(i) exchange of information on specific cases and individuals;
(Ii) cooperation and exchange of information analysis reports and investigative documents on the origin of confiscated narcotics and psychotropic substances and chemicals used in their manufacture, as well as a transfer of information to interested parties, without prior request if they are of interest to other parties;
(Iii) exchange information on methods used in transportation, concealment and illegally selling these substances and identify traffickers and their accomplices;
(Iv) the adoption of joint initiatives in order to achieve beneficial results and effective meetings and international agreements in the field of drugs, and providing mutual support more efficiently.

Article 15


Parties shall take the necessary steps to create mechanisms of cooperation in the fight against the production, procurement or use of narcotic drugs illegal to coordinate in this field.

Article 16


Parties shall provide, on its own initiative or on request, all information related to vehicles used to conceal and transport illegal substances and the amounts specified in art. 9 and appropriate methods for their detection.

Article 17


Legal trade in narcotic and psychotropic substances and precursors between the parties will take place in accordance with the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (New York, 1961), the Convention on Psychotropic Substances (Vienna, 1971) and the United Nations Convention the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances (Vienna, 1988), conventions to which the Contracting parties participate, and mandatory approval of the competent authority of the importing party.

Article 18


Parties shall take measures to help addicts recover narcotic and psychotropic substances, within existing possibilities, and will conduct joint training activities and exchange of experience in this field.

Article 19


Parties shall take the necessary measures in their own countries to prevent the laundering of proceeds from illegal activities.

Article 20


Parties shall exchange information on money laundering derived from illicit activities and will conduct joint activities to harmonize methods in order to obtain effective mechanisms.

Article 21


Parties will exchange information and take common measures to combat trafficking in arms, ammunition and explosive materials, which is one of the most important sources of financing for terrorist organizations.

Article 22


Considering the fact that in all modalities of human trafficking, organized networks deliberately organized crime, including terrorist organizations, using the Balkan route to Europe, the Parties shall take effective measures to prevent it.

Chapter 3 General Provisions



Article 23


The parties will form a higher committee composed of experts from their competent authorities. This committee will meet alternately at least once a year, under the coordination of Ministries of Foreign Affairs, to switch magazine and evaluate the implementation of cooperation specified in this Agreement and to submit new proposals. The Commission will present its proposals in various areas as a report by the ministries of foreign affairs and interior ministries.
Commission will ensure superior composition of subcommittees on areas covered by the Agreement and coordinate their activities.
Parties shall exchange addresses, phone numbers and fax numbers of the competent bodies in order to ensure exchange of information under the agreement.

Article 24



Interior ministers of the parties will meet at least once a year, alternately, and will review the collaborative activities.

Article 25


This Agreement shall prevent fulfillment of existing bilateral and multilateral agreements signed by the parties in other countries.
This agreement is open to the other Balkan countries.
Interpretation of all notions agreement will be consistent with the terminology of international conventions to which the parties adhered.
This Agreement shall enter into force after completion of the constitutional procedures by each party at the date of exchange of diplomatic notes on this.
This Agreement is concluded for a period of 3 years and will be extended automatically for further periods of 3 years unless the parties terminate the agreement three months before its expiry.
Done at Antalya on 16 April 1998 in Romanian, Bulgarian, Turkish and English, in four originals, all texts being equally authentic, and in case of divergence of interpretation the English text shall prevail.
For the Government of Romania
Andrei Plesu, Foreign Minister

For the Government of Bulgaria, Nadejda Mihailova
, Foreign Minister

For the Government of Turkey
Murat Basescioglu, interior Minister

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