Law No. 151 Of 30 July 1999 On The Approval Of The Government Emergency Ordinance Nr. 36/1997 Modifying And Completing The Law On Education No. 84/1995

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 151 din 30 iulie 1999 privind aprobarea Ordonanţei de urgenţă a Guvernului nr. 36/1997 pentru modificarea şi completarea Legii învăţământului nr. 84/1995

Read the untranslated law here: https://www.global-regulation.com/law/romania/3071634/-lege-nr.-151-din-30-iulie-1999-privind-aprobarea-ordonanei-de-urgen-a-guvernului-nr.-36-1997-pentru-modificarea-i-completarea-legii-nvmntului-nr.-84-.html

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
Law No. 151 of 30 July 1999 on the approval of the Government Emergency Ordinance nr. 36/1997 modifying and completing the law on education no. 84/1995 published in PARLIAMENT ISSUING the OFFICIAL GAZETTE nr. 370 from 3 august 1999 Parliament adopts this law.


Article 1 shall approve the Emergency Ordinance of Government No. 36 of 10 July 1997 amending and completing the law on education no. 84/1995, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, no. 152 of 14 July 1997, with the following amendments: 1. In article I, section 1 shall be inserted after point 1 ^ 1 with the following content: "1 ^ 1. In article 5, paragraph 2, after the Insert (3) with the following contents: (3) the State shall promote the principles of permanent education. "
  

2. In article I, section 2, article 6 shall read as follows: Art. 6.-compulsory is 9 classes.
Attendance at compulsory education of nine different classes, day, cease at the age of 17. "
3. In article I, section 4, article 8 shall read as follows: Art. 8.-(1) Education of all levels are conducted in Romanian language. It is taking place under the present law, and in the languages of national minorities, as well as in the languages of the international movement.

(2) In each locality are organized and function units, classes or groups who study Romanian language teaching and, where appropriate, with teaching in the languages of national minorities or ensure schooling in their mother tongue in the nearest village is possible.
  

(3) Learning in the school of Romanian language, as the official State language is compulsory for all Romanian citizens, regardless of nationality. Educational plans shall contain the required number of hours and will ensure conditions allowing for the appropriation of the official language of the State.
  

(4) both in public education, and the private school and University documents, official nominees through order of the Minister of national education, shall be made out in the Romanian language. The other school and University records may be filed in the language of instruction.
  

(5) Units and educational institutions may make and issue, on request, to official documents and translations of other school and University records of their own. "
  

4. In article I, section 5, article 9 shall read as follows: Art. 9. — (1) the framework Plans of education primary, secondary, high school and professional include Religion as a school discipline, part of the trunk. The student, with the consent of their parents or legal guardian set up, choose to study religion and confession.

(2) at the written request of their parents or legal guardian established, the student may not attend religion classes. In this case, the school situation ends without this discipline. Similarly proceed and for which the pupil, for objective reasons, have not been provided the conditions for attendance hours at this discipline.
  

(3) the official State recognized religions may ask the Ministry of national education organization of a specific theological education personnel preparation of worship and missionary activity of socio-religious education for graduates, only secondary courses, as appropriate, in proportion to the share of each in the religious worship of the country, according to the official census refreshed. Establishment and functioning of this education are carried out according to the law.
  

(4) State-recognized religions are entitled to set up and manage their own units and private educational institutions, according to the law.
  

(5) specific theological pre-university education Curriculum is developed by the cult question, endorsed by the State Secretariat for religious denominations and approved by the Ministry of national education. Pre-university curricula, organized by religions other than theological, shall be drawn up and approved in accordance with the law. For higher education, the curriculum is developed and approved according to the law. "
  

5. In article I, section 5 shall be inserted after sections 5 ^ 5 ^ 1 and 2 with the following content: "5 ^ 1. Paragraph 1 of article 10 shall read as follows: Art. 10. — (1) the network of State education establishments is provided and approved by the Ministry of national education, in collaboration and with the support of local public administration, in accordance with the demographic dynamics and with training needs, current and perspective. State education institutions network is organised by the Ministry of national education, in accordance with the law.
5 ^ 2. Paragraph 3 of article 12 shall read as follows: (3) the Ministry of national education, in consultation with stakeholders in the organisation of specific forms and types of education, is responsible for drafting the curriculum: plans, programs, curricula, and textbooks for primary education. In the higher education curricula shall be established in accordance with the University's autonomy and national standards. "
  

6. In article I, section 6, article 14 shall read as follows: Art. 14. — (1) in the national education system, State and private, can be initiated and organized educational alternatives, with the agreement of the Ministry of national education, in accordance with the law.

(2) the assessment and accreditation of educational alternatives are carried out by the Ministry of national education, according to the law. "
  

7. In article I, section 7, paragraphs (5), (8), (10), (11) and (13) of article 15 shall read as follows: "(5) the National Education System comprises pre-school education: a): Group; Middle group; Group, preparatory school;
  

b) primary education: classes I-IV;
  

c) secondary education: secondary education, lower secondary, grades V-IX; upper secondary education, upper secondary, grades X-XII/XIII; vocational education: the years I-II/III;
  

d) post-secondary education;
  

e) higher education: University education and postgraduate education;
  

f) permanent education.
  

..

(8) the forms of organisation of education are: full-time education day, with reduced frequency and distance education.
  

..

(10) the compulsory Education, including primary education and secondary education, is. Exceptionally, the secondary education may be organized as full-time education and with low frequency or remote, for people who have outgrown, with more than 2 years age class.
  

(11) In the education system can operate pilot, experimental units and application.
  

..

(13) within the national education system, under the coordination and supervision of the Ministry of national education, you can set up and can operate according to the law, educational structures organized through cooperation between units and institutions from the country and from abroad, on the basis of intergovernmental agreements. "
  

8. In article I, section 7, after you enter 7-7 ^ 1 ^ 3 with the following content: "7 ^ 1. Paragraph 1 of article 16 shall read as follows: Art. 16. — (1) the National Education System is opened. Pre-university students in the transition from one school to another unit from one profile to another and from one system to another is possible under the conditions laid down by the regulation of the Ministry of national education. In higher education, openness is assured by the Charter of the University.
7 ^ 2. Paragraphs (1) and (4) of article 20 shall read as follows: Art. 20. — (1) primary education shall be organized as day education and work, as a rule, morning program, in schools with classes I-IV, I-IX I-XII or XIII/.
..

(4) the Ministry of Education may approve the Organization of classes made up of children who, for various reasons, have not graduated until the age of 14 the first four grades of compulsory education.
  

7 ^ 3. Article 21 shall read as follows: Art. 21.-secondary education work in schools with classes I-IX I-XII/XIII XII/XIII or as appropriate. "
9. In article I, section 8, paragraph 1 of article 22 shall read as follows: Art. 22. — (1) secondary Studies ends with supporting a national exam, structured on the basis of ability of a methodology developed by the Ministry of national education and advertisement date up to the date of commencement of the school year, the Romanian language and literature, mathematics and a sample from history or Geography. Students belonging to national minorities who attend secondary school courses in their mother tongue, and a sample from the native language and literature. "
10. In article I, section 8 shall be inserted after point 8 ^ 1 with the following content: "8 ^ 1. Article 23 shall read as follows: Art. 23. — (1) upper secondary Education includes grades X-XII/XIII, educational classes, day and X-XIII/XIV, in full-time education, with reduced frequency or at a distance.

(2) Network of high schools is approved by the Ministry of national education, on the proposal of the school inspectorates, in consultation with other stakeholders, and as a result of institutional assessment carried out by the National Commission on institutional assessment. The network will be published before the examination capacity; the number of jobs and classes is approved on an annual basis, according to local and national requirements.
  

(3) upper secondary Education full-time, with reduced frequency and distance can operate according to the law, the educational facilities established by school authorities. "
  

11. In article I, section 9, article 24 shall read as follows: Art. 24. — (1) upper secondary Education usually operates the following channels and profiles: a theoretical connection profiles) with humanist and real;
  

b) technological chain with technical profiles, services, exploitation of natural resources and environmental protection;
  


c) vocational Department with profiles, sports, artistic, theological and pedagogical.
  

(2) high schools are organized with one or more profiles. Within these profiles can be organized, with the approval of the Ministry of national education, with more restricted specializations classes and special classes for pupils with skills and exceptional performance.
  

(3) At the high schools, in addition to the baccalaureate degree, issued and certificate of professional competence, duration of studies may be for 4 years and is determined by the Ministry of national education.
  

(4) the Ministry of national education restructure profiles and specialisations in relation to the dynamics of occupation and professions on the labour market. "
  

12. In article I, section 10, article 25 shall read as follows: Art. 25. — (1) Admission of pupils in upper secondary education shall be based on criteria established by the methodology developed by the Ministry of national education, which is given at the beginning of the school year advertising preceding admission.

(2) At the upper secondary education may enroll graduates from secondary education, with certificate of capacity.
  

(3) the secondary education admission, courses can be done in the first 2 years after graduating from the gymnasium, where at the time of commencement of the school year the student has not exceeded the age of 18. "
  

13. In article I, section 11, article 26(2) shall read as follows: Art. 26. — (1) secondary education concludes with a national examination baccalaureate, diversified according to the Department, profile, specialization and pupil's option.

(2) the national baccalaureate Exam consists in supporting the second three samples, respectively, and three samples of differentiated, depending on the Department and industry.
  

A. Samples are: a) Romanian language and literature, written and oral;
  

b) one of the languages of modern international movement surveyed in high school;
  

c) native language, written and oral, for students who have completed secondary education in a language of national minorities; language and literature in an international language for students who have completed secondary education with language of instruction in the language of the international movement.
  

B. Evidence of exam, differentiated according to specialization, chain, and the student's option, are: theoretical Department) Humanities: history or Geography;
2. a sample of your choice in the curriculum, appropriate specialization;
3. a sample of your choice of subjects in other curricular areas other than the ones supported above;

b) real: 1. Mathematics;
2. a sample of your choice in the curriculum, appropriate specialization;
3. a sample of your choice of subjects in other curricular areas other than those supported previously.
Technological chain) math, all profiles and specializations;
  

(b) a sample of your choice) in the curriculum "technology" according to the specialization chosen by the student;
  

c) of your choice of evidence from other disciplines, curricular areas other than those previously selected.
  

Vocational Department of history or Geography) or Math socioumană, i.e. discipline or Science depending on profile;
  

(b) a sample of your choice) from specific curricular areas and specialisation; curriculum areas are established jointly by the Ministry of national education and the ministries concerned;
  

c) of your choice of evidence from other disciplines, curricular areas other than those previously selected.
  

(3) For clandestine and vocational secondary education and may be concluded with an examination of professional competence certification separately from the Baccalaureate exam, according to the law.
  

(4) the list of exam samples, the content of the programmes and the conduct of the examination and the examination of professional competence certification shall be established by the methodology approved by the Ministry of national education, and give publicity to the date of commencement of the school year preceding the exam.
  

(5) the drawing up of the list of samples comprising the examination and fixing of baccalaureate programs can also be viewed from higher education institutions.
  

(6) in the case of interruption of studies is recognized every school year promoted. Upon request, a document shall be issued by the certification of studies. "
  

14. In article I, section 12, is repealed.
15. In article I, shall be inserted after point 11 points 11-11 ^ 1 ^ 3 with the following content: "11 ^ 1. (2), (5) and (6) of article 27 shall read as follows: (2) in the course of a school year is organized two sessions of baccalaureate. Baccalaureate exam results are public.
  

.

(5) candidates from public education can bolster the Baccalaureate exam and the exam for the certification of professional competencies, without charge, a maximum of two times. Subsequent presentations at these examinations are subject to payment of fees laid down by the Ministry of national education, according to the law.
  

(6) every presentation of baccalaureate exams candidates.
  

11 ^ 2. Paragraph 1 of article 28 shall read as follows: Art. 28. — (1) as a result of promoting Baccalaureate exam, the graduate is granted the diploma of baccalaureat. Issue of a certificate of professional competence shall not be subject to an examination for baccalauréat.
11 ^ 3. Paragraph 3 of article 30 shall read as follows: (3) the framework of educational Plans and syllabuses are drawn up and approved by the Ministry of national education, in consultation with stakeholders, based on the standards of training and, where appropriate, occupational standards. "
  

16. In article I, section 13 becomes 12, and (2) and (3) of article 31 shall read as follows: "(2) the duration of study in vocational schools is 2-3 years.

(3) entry into professional schools is made on the basis of evidence established by the educational establishments concerned, in consultation with stakeholders. Content of admission is determined by educational units. "
  

17. In article I, shall be inserted after point 12 points 1-12 ^ 12 ^ 3 with the following content: "12 ^ 1. Article 32 shall read as follows: Art. 32.-vocational schools organize at the request of stakeholders, on a contract basis, qualification courses and conversion training with occupational standards.
12 ^ 2. (1) to (3) of article 33 shall read as follows: Art. 33. — (1) The apprenticeship schools can enroll graduates from middle school, with or without a certificate of capacity. Preparation through apprenticeship schools aimed at assimilating the predominantly practical skills, occupational standards compliant.

(2) the duration of studies in the schools of apprentices is 1-2 years. The structure of the school year is adapted to the specific requirements in preparation for the profession.
  

(3) schools of apprentices work usually within professional schools or school groups. At the request of stakeholders, apprenticeship may be performed directly at the place of work of private entrepreneurs, according to the rules set out by the Ministry of national education.
  

12 ^ 3. Article 34 shall read as follows: Art. 34. — (1) the professional school ends with graduation examination. Preparation through apprenticeship schools ending with a practical support for the certification of vocational training.

(2) the system of certification training through vocational education is organised on the basis of the common requirements of the Ministry of national education and the Ministry of labour and social security. "
  

18. In article I, section 14 shall become item 13 and article 36 shall read as follows: Art. 36. — (1) vocational education Students with a certificate of capacity may follow in parallel, high school education at evening classes form, with low education or distance education, following the admission, under the present law.

(2) Graduates of professional schools can follow secondary education, following the admission, under the present law. They can recognize partial preparation acquired in vocational school, according to the methodology established by the Ministry of national education. "
  

19. In article I, after item 13 introduce the points 13-13 ^ 1 ^ 8 with the following content: "13 ^ 1. Article 38 shall read as follows: Art. 38.-The art education and sports education: a) schooling shall, as a rule, beginning in primary school;
  

b) admissions testing samples include specific skills;
  

c) framework curricula plans are adapted to the profile;
  

(d) specialized subjects) study is carried out in groups or individually, according to the criteria established by the Ministry of national education;
  

e) exam includes a sample capacity, artistic or sporting domain specific studied;
  

f) syllabuses for secondary education and upper secondary education sports meet the objectives set for the respective profile.
  

13 ^ 2. Article 39 shall read as follows: Art. 39.-For each profile of art education and sports education certificate is issued by the respective capacity, school diploma that certifies the specialty programme. For specific majors may be issued and certificates of professional competence.
13 ^ 3. Article 41 shall be inserted in paragraph 3 with the following contents: (3) special education primary and secondary education is compulsory and has, where applicable, duration of 9 or 10 years old.
  

13 ^ 4. (2) of article 42 shall read as follows: (2) special education is organized as day education. In special cases it may be and in other forms.
  

13 ^ 5. Article 44 shall read as follows:

Art. 44.-special education has educational plans, curricula, textbooks and teaching methodologies, developed according to the type and degree of disability and approved by the Ministry of national education.
13 ^ 6. Paragraph 3 of article 45 shall read as follows: (3) Children with special educational needs, which could not be reorient toward public education, including special classes, continuing education units of special education primary, secondary, vocational, secondary, and post-secondary, differentiated by type and degree of disability.
  

13 ^ 7. Article 48 shall read as follows: Art. 48. — (1) the protection of children in difficult situations is carried out according to law.

(2) the establishment of specific activities and educational content, teaching methodologies, training, training and improvement of personnel responsible for literacy and education within the centres placement and receipt of the child, within the specialized public service for child protection, within the competence of the Ministry of national education.
  

13 ^ 8. Paragraphs (1) and (3) of article 51 shall read as follows: Art. 51. — (1) post-secondary Education by the State shall be organised by the Ministry of national education, on its own initiative or at the request of economic operators and other interested institutions.
..

(3) Schooling in this type of education is financed by the applicants, individuals or legal entities, by contract with educational unit which provides schooling. "
  

20. In article I, section 15 shall become item 14, and article 52 shall read as follows: Art. 52. — (1) admission to the post-secondary education is carried out in accordance with the general criteria laid down by the Ministry of national education, based on a methodology developed by the educational unit, in consultation with stakeholders.

(2) are entitled to enroll in post-secondary education under the conditions of paragraph 1. (1) high school graduates, with or without a baccalaureate degree.
  

(3) the number of jobs for post-secondary education by the State is established in the article. 51 para. (3), shall be approved by the school inspectorate and shall be notified to the Ministry of national education. "
  

21. In article I, shall be inserted after point 14 points 14 ^ 1 and ^ 2 with 14 reads: "14 ^ 1. Article 53 shall read as follows: Art. 53. — (1) post-secondary Education ends with the graduation exam, regulated by the Ministry of national education through specific methodology, developed in consultation with stakeholders.

(2) an examination for graduation for entitlement to obtain a certificate of professional competence.
  

(3) in the case of nepromovării the examination for graduation, this may also be claimed in any other session, with costs for the graduates.
  

14 ^ 2. Article 55 shall read as follows: Art. 55. — (1) higher education is carried out by educational institutions: universities, institutes, academies and schools for postgraduate studies.

(2) higher education institutions Mission is teaching and research or education only. "
  

22. In article I, section 16 shall become item 15, and article 56 shall read as follows: Art. 56. — (1) the establishment of institutions of higher education shall be provided by law, on the basis of the procedures provided for by law No. 88/1993.

(2) the establishment and functioning of colleges, faculties and academic specializations are done according to the law.
  

(3) the establishment of University departments shall be approved by the University Senates.
  

(4) the setting up of University departments in the preparation of teaching staff shall be approved by the Ministry of national education, on the proposal of the Senate of the University. "
  

23. In article 15, point (I) shall be inserted after point 15 ^ 1 with the following content: "15 ^ 1. Article 58 shall read as follows: Art. 58. — (1) the State of higher education is free of charge for annual turnover of Government-approved tuition and fee required by law.

(2) in university education free state charges are for: overcoming the period of schooling provided by law, admissions, registration, reînmatriculări, repeating the examinations and other forms of verification, which go beyond the provisions of educational plans. Also, charges may be applicable and for activities not included in the plan, in accordance with the methodology approved by the University Senate.
  

(3) the amount of taxes and exemption from payment thereof shall be determined by University Senates. "
  

24. In article I, section 17 shall become item 16, while paragraphs (1) to (3) of article 59 shall read as follows: Art. 59. — (1) the acceptance may take part in university education high school graduates with baccalaureate degree. The Organization of acceptance within the competence of each institution of higher education, on the basis of the general criteria established by the Ministry of national education. Admission may be issued in two sessions.

(2) High School Graduates with baccalaureate degree who have obtained in one of the last two years of studies at the international school awards, artistic and sporting competitions of world level, Olympic, continental, or have the right to enroll in university education without the support of the acceptance.
  

(3) High School Graduates with baccalaureate degree who have obtained, in at least one of the last two years of studies at school awards, artistic or sporting competitions, national level or by groups of countries can be admitted to higher education, in accordance with the general criteria laid down by the Ministry of national education and the specific criteria developed by University Senates. "
  

25. In article I, section 18 is repealed.
26. In article I, section 19 shall become item 17, and article 60 shall read as follows: Art. 60. — (1) it is possible to organize didactic Activity in the following forms: full-time day, with reduced frequency and distance. In full-time education forms, with reduced frequency and distance learning can be organised by the higher education institutions that have courses.

(2) the duration of studies in higher education in full-time and in the low frequency is greater than one year than that provided for higher education. Duration of study in academic distance education is regulated by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers.
  

(3) the diplomas and certificates of studies issued by higher education institutions, in accordance with the law, to the same degree in any discipline are equivalent, regardless of the form of educational programme.
  

(4) the nomenclature of specialities and specializations of the groups is determined by the Ministry of national education with the Ministry of labour and social security, in consultation with the National Council for academic assessment and accreditation of higher education institutions and other stakeholders.
  

(5) with Bachelor degree Graduates may pursue a second specialisation, in the conditions laid down in the Charter of the University.
  

(6) Graduates with post-graduate diploma colleges may follow you a second specialization within the University education short term, under the terms laid down in the Charter of the University. "
  

27. In article I, after item 20, which becomes paragraph 18, insert paragraph 18 ^ 1 with the following content: "18 ^ 1. Paragraph 3 of article 63 shall read as follows: (3) Graduates who have not passed the examination referred to in paragraph 1. (2) receive, upon request, a certificate of academic studies of short duration and a copy of the spreadsheet will. They can still uphold the graduation exam in any other session, with the costs of the examination set by the academic Senate. "
  

28. In article I, paragraph 21, and becomes the 19th article 65 shall read as follows: Art. 65. — (1) graduates of the undergraduate colleges with diploma you can continue their studies in higher education of long duration, within the profile studied, in initial or limited places available for the current academic year, as determined by the Senate higher education institution. Acceptance criteria shall be established by the institutions of higher education of long duration, in accordance with the Charter.

(2) candidates will be admitted to examinations of the difference determined by the Faculty councils and will be enrolled in the study year corresponding to the examinations recognized and promoted. "
  

29. In article I, section 22, paragraph 20 and becomes article 66 shall read as follows: Art. 66. long-duration of university education is conducted in universities, institutes and academies, with faculties and specializations approved or accredited. "
30. In article I, shall be inserted after point 20 points 20 20 ^ ^ 1 and 2 with the following content: "20 ^ 1. (2), (4) and (6) of article 67 shall read as follows: (2) Studies in higher education of long duration culminating exam license or diploma. The general criteria for organizing the exam and diploma shall be determined by the Ministry of national education, and their contents and specific criteria, by University Senates.
  



(4) that don't have Graduates passed the examination or diploma they receive, on request, a certificate of studies of long duration and will copy onto the worksheet. They may sustain or examination degree in any other session, with the costs of the examination set by the University Senate. Higher education institutions can organize special courses, according to art. 58, for their own or other graduates from higher education institutions, in preparation for the licensing exam diploma respectively.
  




(6) the diplomas awarded by higher education institutions for long duration until the year 1999 inclusive are equivalent to the diplomas obtained from the promotion examination, diploma respectively.
  

20 ^ 2. In article 67, after paragraph (5) shall be entered (5 ^ 1 and 5 ^ 2) with the following contents: (5 ^ 1) Studies in university education lasting more than four years, ending with a diploma examination.
(5 ^ 2) Graduates who promoted this exam receive a degree in the specialization title followed in accordance with international standards. "
31. In article I, section 23 shall become item 21, and paragraphs (1), (2) and (5) of article 68 shall read as follows: Art. 68. — (1) the students and graduates who opt for the teaching profession are required to graduate courses organized by the Department for the preparation of teachers.

(2) Departments for the preparation of teachers work in institutions of higher education, regulation, and have distinct educational plans, approved by the University Senate.
  

.

(5) University education Graduates may practice in education only if they have obtained the certificate of completion referred to in paragraph 1. (4) or performs the preparation referred to in paragraph 1. (1) in the first three years of employment. "
  

32. In article I, section 24, paragraph 22, and becomes article 70 shall read as follows: Art. 70. — (1) ensure that postgraduate specialization in expansion and improvement of domain preparation or attested by a diploma obtained upon completion of University studies.

(2) postgraduate is organized in institutions of higher education and postgraduate schools, accredited for this purpose, and is performed by: graduate, masters, postgraduate, doctoral academic studies, postgraduate specialisation and refresher courses.
  

(3) Establishment of postgraduate education within higher education institutions accredited for this purpose shall be approved by the Ministry of national education, on the proposal of the Senate of the University. "
  

33. In article I, paragraph 22 is inserted after point 22 ^ 1 with the following content: "22 ^ 1. Article 71 shall read as follows: Art. 71. — (1) admission to the postgraduate exam, except it is done on the basis of general criteria approved by the Ministry of national education and the specific criteria approved by the Senate, the institution of higher education.

(2) the admission, organizing and holding doctorates are regulated by the Government.
  

(3) the number of seats for postgraduate education shall be established by: (a) National Education Ministry) for those financed from the State budget;
  

University Senates, b) for those supported by taxes or by other extrabudgetary sources. "
  

34. In article I, section 25 shall become item 23, while article 72 shall read as follows: Art. 72. — (1) in-depth Studies have duration of two or three semesters and is being done in the field of specialization of the diploma obtained upon completion of University studies of long duration.

(2) in-depth Studies culminating in a dissertation. b graduates are advanced studies diploma.
  

(3) students enrolled in advanced studies on places financed by the State budget benefits from free trials as well as scholarships in accordance with the law.
  

(4) the master's Studies have 2-4 semesters and integrates several areas of specialization, to extend skills in these areas. Master studies may be followed by graduates with diploma upon completion of University studies of long duration, regardless of the profile or specialization.
  

(5) the master shall be held within institutes of higher education or postgraduate schools, set up as independent institutions. Students enrolled in masters places financed by the State budget benefits from free trials as well as scholarship, in accordance with the law.
  

(6) the master ends with support of dissertations. Graduates who have advanced the thesis master's degree receive. "
  

35. In article I, section 24, paragraph 26, and becomes article 73 shall read as follows: Art. 73. (1) a Ph.d. is a superior form of teaching and research.

(2) have the right to participate in the competition for admission to Ph.d. graduates with diploma education University of long duration.
  

(3) heads of PhD holders can be associate professors or consultants, academics, times given the title of doctor. The right to drive is the nominal National Council approved the accreditation of the titles, diplomas and certificates, upon the proposal of the host institutions, and is awarded by order of the Minister of national education.
  

(4) the Doctorate is organized, with and without frequency, in higher education institutions approved by the Ministry of national education, on the proposal of the National Council for the accreditation of titles, diplomas and certificates.
  

(5) ends with a Ph.d. thesis supported and assessed by a Committee of specialists approved by the Senate by the host institution of higher education. The Commission consists of a President, and three official referees, specialists with special scientific activity, with the title of doctor in the area, professors, University lecturers, academics, scientific researchers, the main first degree in the country or abroad, of which at least 2 doesn't work in organising institution belonging. For the work of the referees are paying officials filed according to rules laid down by the Ministry of national education.
  

(6) the scientific Title of doctor shall be paid by the host institution and be confirmed by the National Board of accreditation of titles, diplomas and certificates, upon the proposal of the specialized commissions. On the basis of the order of the Minister of national education, the organising institution diploma doctor. "
  

36. In article I, section 24 shall be inserted after sections 1-24 24 ^ ^ 3 with the following content: "24 ^ 1. Article 74 shall read as follows: Art. 74. — (1) schools of Postgraduate academic studies, organized as independent institutions in the country and abroad, offer training programs with duration of 2-4 semesters, in the form of education or low frequency, with a view to enlargement and improvement of the preparation of certified by the diploma of University studies of long duration.

(2) the studies shall be completed with the support of dissertations. Graduates receive diploma of Postgraduate academic studies.
  

24 ^ 2. Article 75 shall read as follows: Art. 75. — (1) post-graduate specialization may be followed by graduates with diploma upon completion of studies of long duration. The period of study, the curriculum and method of completion shall be approved by University Senates.

(2) Graduates shall be granted the diploma of postgraduate specialisation.
  

24 ^ 3. Paragraphs (1) and (3) of article 76 shall read as follows: Art. 76. — (1) Postgraduate Courses of improvement may be followed by graduates with diploma education University of short or long duration. The duration of training courses, the program and the method of completion of studies is approved by the University Senate.
.

(3) refresher courses for postgraduate Graduates receive a certificate of completion. "
  

37. In article I, section 27 shall become item 25.
38. In article I, section 28 shall become item 26, and article 82 shall read as follows: Art. 82. (1) the income of higher education institutions from research contracts, design, or consulting expertise and contracts for other services, scientific or teaching are highlighted in separate accounts at commercial banks, according to the law. This revenue is used, with the consent of the person responsible for the contract and with the opinion of the Rector, the material basis for the development of their own research and teaching activities, as well as for paying staff who has executed the contract. Material consists of items such as: fixed assets, inventory objects and materials of any kind. These items can be purchased during or after handing out the paper and after receipt of money.

(2) of the revenue referred to in paragraph 1. (1) the following may fund expense categories: scholarships and research training, information and documentation, fees for participation as a member in the bodies, organizations and specialized institutions, organizing and/or participating in cultural events-international and domestic scientific, teaching and editing the book.
  

(3) revenues and unused at the end of over, with the same destination, the next year. "
  

39. In article I, section 26 shall be inserted after point 26 ^ 1 with the following content: "26 ^ 1. Article 86 shall read as follows: Art. 86.-the Department constitute a structure subordinated to the higher education institution or, as appropriate, faculty, teaching positions, having scientific research, design and production. Organization and operation of the departments are established by University Senates. "
40. In article I, section 29 shall become item 27, and article 88 shall read as follows:

"Art. 88. — (1) higher education institutions or their components shall have the right to organize and to manage units and research centres, centres for the preparation of human resources, production units, respectively, experimental batches microproduction or institutional structures, either alone or in collaboration with legal entities.

(2) higher education institutions have the right to organize, in cooperation with similar institutions in the country and abroad, higher education and postgraduate, in accordance with the methodology established by the Ministry of national education. "
  

41. In article I, after item 30, which becomes paragraph 28, insert paragraph 28 ^ 1 with the following content: "28 ^ 1. Paragraph 3 of article 92 shall read as follows: (3) autonomy is achieved mainly through: a) the establishment the internal structure of higher education institution, in accordance with the law;
  

b) scheduling, organizing, carrying out and perfection of educational process; the establishment of educational plans and syllabuses in keeping with national standards and strategies of development of higher education; Organization admission candidates to study and define the criteria for the evaluation of the academic and professional performance of students;
  

c) design, organization and establishment of postgraduate education, confirmed by study programmes accreditation; establishing, together with the Ministry of national education and other public authorities, economic operators, employers ' and professional organizations nationally recognized, areas in which it uses its own diplomas and certificates issued;
  

d selection and promotion) teachers of other times staff employed, as well as establishing the criteria for the review of teaching and scientific activity; granting of scientific and didactic titles, honorific, according to the law;
  

e) scientific research and organization of documentation; organizing activities for editing and printing; organising audiovisual activities; the establishment of cooperation programs with other institutions of higher education and research in the country and abroad;
  

f) eligibility to all leading bodies by secret ballot;
  

g) establishing financial and material necessity; the use of the funds and their management, in compliance with the provisions of the equal pay; finding and fixing of additional sources of income; Organization and control of economic-household services;
  

h) social problems of academic communities; the granting of scholarships for study and research, including those arising from own funds;
  

I) Organization of events and scientific, cultural activities and sports;
  

(j) establishment of foundations), in accordance with the law; the establishment and use of appropriate insignia and symbols;
  

k) ensuring order and discipline in the space. "
  

42. In article I, section 31 shall become item 29.
43. In article I, section 32 shall become item 30, and of article 97 shall read as follows: Art. 97. — (1) the military Education is State education, part of the national education system, and includes: post-primary, post-secondary education for training non-commissioned officer and WOS, University education for training officers and other specialists, post-graduate education.

(2) improvement of preparation in military educational institutions.
  

(3) the provisions concerning the military's primary education is applied properly and for pre-university education in the field of transport. "
  

44. In article I, paragraph 33, and section 31 becomes (2) of article 106 shall read as follows: "(2) the standards corresponding to each of the criteria and the minimum levels indicate in the assessment process. These standards are differentiated according to the level of education and are laid down by the Commission for the evaluation and accreditation of pre-university education, which shall be established and operated in addition to the Ministry of national education, based on regulation approved by Decree of the Government. "
45. In article I, section 32, section 34 and becomes article 118 shall read as follows: Art. 118. Persons belonging to national minorities have the right to study and to teach in their mother tongue at all levels and forms of education, as well as the types of schools for which there is a sufficient demand, according to the law. "
46. In article I, section 35 shall become item 33, and paragraphs (1) and (2) of article 120 shall read as follows: Art. 120.-(1) Romanian Language Discipline taught in primary education after school programmes and textbooks developed specifically for that minority. In secondary education the discipline of Romanian language and literature taught after school programs are identical with those for Romanian-language textbooks. In upper secondary education discipline of Romanian language and literature taught after school programmes and textbooks identical to those for classes taught in Romanian language.

(2) primary education with teaching in the languages of national minorities of the Romanian history and geography were taught in these languages after school programmes and textbooks identical to those for the Romanian language, with the obligation of transcription and toponimiei properties and the names of Romanian Romanian language own. In secondary education and upper secondary history and geography of Romania are taught in Romanian language, after school programs and manuals are identical with those for classes with teaching in the Romanian language. Examination of the history and geography of Romania shall be in the language of instruction. "
  

47. In article I, paragraph 36, and 34 point becomes article 122 shall read as follows: Art. 122.-In State education, specialized secondary and post-secondary, on request and according to the law, teaching is done in the native language specialty disciplines is compulsory appropriation and specialist terminology in Romanian language. "
48. In article I, section 37 shall become item 35, and article 123 shall read as follows: Art. 123. (1) within higher education institutions can organize State, under the law, upon request, groups, departments, colleges and faculties with teaching in the languages of national minorities. In this case it will provide specialized terminology in appropriating the language of Romanian. On request and by law can establish multicultural institutions of higher education. Teaching languages in these institutions of higher education shall be determined under the law of establishment.

(2) recognizes the right of persons belonging to national minorities to establish and manage their own private higher educational institutions, in accordance with the law.
  

(3) it encourages higher education institutions with multicultural structures and activities in order to promote harmonious inter-ethnic cohabitation and integration at national and european level.
  

(4) in all forms of education in Romanian language or in the languages of national minorities can apply and prepare any Romanian citizen, regardless of his native language and the language in the previous studies. "
  

49. In article I, section 38 shall become item 36.
50. In article I, shall be inserted after point 36 36 points ^ 1 ^ 2 and 36 with the following contents: 36 ^ 1. Article 127 shall read as follows: Art. 127. (1) the content of pre-university education is provided through the National Curriculum. The national curriculum is the coherent Assembly of framework plans, educational programs and textbooks from pre-university education. This ensemble includes a component commune for all schools of the same type and another component located at the school's decision.

(2) educational framework Plans include compulsory subjects, optional and voluntary, and the minimum and maximum number of hours corresponding to each of these.
  

(3) the syllabuses to be established for each discipline in the instructive-educational objectives of education and training of discipline and highlights the fundamental contents of theoretical, experimental and applied, providing methodological guidance for their realization.
  

36 ^ 2. Paragraphs (1) and (3) of article 128 shall read as follows: Art. 128. — (1) the framework education Plans and curricula for pre-university education shall be prepared by national committees, being coordinated and approved by the National Council for Curriculum and is approved by the Minister of national education.
..

(3) in Smithfield can use alternative textbooks. The didactic framework is entitled to recommend students for a particular textbook, based on the criteria established by the Ministry of national education. "
  

51. In article I, section 39 shall become item 37, and article 135 shall read as follows: Art. 135.-(1) legal or natural Persons can be organized within the framework of the system for continuous training, in conjunction with businesses or educational institutions times separately, qualification courses, refresher and conversion training of adults, which provides certificates of professional competence recognised on the labour market.


(2) legal persons may organize the courses referred to in paragraph 1. (1) only if they provided in the statute such activities and are authorized by the Ministry of national education and, where appropriate, by the Ministry of labour and social security or other public authorities, based on evaluation criteria established by the regulation approved by the two ministries, in compliance with occupational standards required by law. Individuals can organize such activities only under the terms of the authorisation.
  

(3) the procedure for the certification of professional competences in the framework of continuos is being set up by the Ministry of national education, together with the Ministry of labour and social security, in accordance with the occupational standards, according to the law.
  

(4) the period during which the trainees of training the staff of public institutions are entitled to basic salary and other additions to it. Where courses are held in another locality than home, the staff of public institutions they also benefit from proper rights, according to legal provisions, employees of public institutions are in the delegation. "
  

52. In article I, section 40 shall become item 38, and article 140 shall read as follows: Art. 140. (1) the Ministry of national education are organized and function according to the law. The Ministry of national education, as a body, has responsibility for drawing up and implementation of educational policy, in accordance with article 5. 2 of this law. The Ministry of national education has the right of initiative and execution of financial policy and human resources in the field of education and collaborates with other ministries involved in development education.

(2) to exercise its National Education Ministry constitutes expert structures rests on advisory bodies at the national level, compiled on the basis of professional prestige and morale: the National Council on education reform, the National Council for the accreditation of titles, diplomas and certificates, National Council of higher education, the National Council of scientific research in higher education, National Council of Libraries , National Council for Continuing Education and Training, national committees on discipline and managerial structures of programmes of reform. Councils and their component operating regulations approved by order of the Minister of national education. In the exercise of his powers to the National Ministry of education may consult, as appropriate, national scientific societies of teachers trade union federations representative at the branch level, the social partners, and student organizations and students, recognized nationally.
  

(3) to confirm the titles, diplomas and certificates, Ministry of national education constitute the National Council for the accreditation of titles, diplomas and certificates. Board members are university professors, prestigious scientific personalities, culturally and morally, recognized nationally or internationally. They are selected on the basis of proposals from the Senate. The Council works according to its own regulations, approved by order of the Minister of national education.
  

(4) National Council of Rectors are founded and operates on the basis of their own statutes.
  

(5) under the Ministry of national education works: a) Institute of Education Sciences, Institute of research and development in the field of innovation and the reform of the national education system;
  

b School Sport Federation) and University, as an autonomous unit with its own legal personality. The school and University Sport Federation coordinates the activity of the sports associations sports school and University. The school and University Sport Federation are affiliates of the international sports federations, respectively. School and university sports clubs established in accordance with the provisions of art. 40 para. (1) have legal personality and can join federations. Transfer athletes from these clubs is based on the rules and regulations of the federations, according to the transfer regime applied to other sports clubs. "
  

53. In article I, section 41 is repealed.
54. In article I, section 42 shall become item 39, and article 141 shall read as follows: Art. 141. the Ministry of national education shall develop, coordinate and apply the national policy in the field of education. For this purpose the exercise the following powers: a) coordinates and controls the national education system;
  

b) organizes State education network and propose Government tuition figures, based on studies of prognosis, in consultation with educational establishments, local authorities and economic operators concerned;
  

c approves the National Curriculum) and the national system for the assessment, provide and supervise compliance therewith;
  

d) coordinates the activity of scientific research in education;
  

(e) provide the framework for) textbooks; provide funding to schools for the purchase of textbooks, according to the law;
  

f) develops the general criteria for admission in higher education;
  

g) approve the establishment of colleges and post-secondary schools;
  

h) approve, according to the law, the regulations on the organisation and operation of subordinated units, with the exception of higher education institutions;
  

I) develops studies for the diagnosis and prognosis in the field of restructuring and modernising education and contribute to the improvement of the legal framework;
  

(j) provide the framework for designing), approval and production of means of education;
  

k) provide organisational framework for the selection and appropriate preparation of students with special skills;
  

l) provide specialized schooling and adequate educational assistance to children and young people with physical, sensory, mental or associated;
  

m) examines how social protection is in education and propose appropriate measures to the Government and local authorities empowered;
  

n) coordinates the activity of University Libraries ' subordination;
  

a training and responding) improvement of teachers;
  

p) coordinates, according to law, the appointment, transfer, release and record of teaching staff, management, guidance and control and auxiliary of subordonante;
  

q) provide a breakdown of the national training Fund, in consultation with stakeholders;
  

r) is responsible for the evaluation of the national system of education on the basis of national standards;
  

s) develop and apply strategies for reform, medium and long term, of education and upbringing;
  

t) together with other ministries draw up strategy for cooperation with other States and with international organizations specializing in the field of education and scientific research;
  

u) collaborate based protocols with the countries where the population lives of Romanian nationality or origin, for the promotion and development of education in the mother tongue;
  

v) shall draw up rules for school construction and for equipping them;
  

w) lay down recognition and equivalence of diplomas, certificates and titles, issued abroad, on the basis of national rules, taking into account the international agreements and conventions;
  

x) establishes, for the State preuniversity education, the structure of the school year, sessions of examinations, periods of competitions, and school holidays;
  

y) controls how the rules of financiarcontabile, budget implementation and administration of the national education system; fees levied in MDL and foreign currency, to cover the costs incurred as a result of targeting and reconnaissance studies, acts according to the law. "
  

55. In article I, section 43 is repealed.
56. In article I, section 44 shall become item 40, and of article 142 shall read as follows: Art. 142.-school inspectorates are decentralised bodies, subordinate to the Ministry of national education, having regard mainly to the following tasks: (a)) Organization and operation of the network of primary education, in accordance with the educational policy at national level;
  

(b) ensure that legislation) organising, directing and conducting the educational process;
  

c) ensure quality education and national standards through inspection of the school;
  

d) set up on the advice of the Ministry of national education, school of education: kindergartens, primary schools, secondary schools, vocational schools and apprenticeship;
  

e propose the National Ministry of education) network of tuition from their territorial RADIUS, according to educational policy studies forecast, after consulting educational establishments, local authorities, economic operators and social partners.
  

f) ensure, together with local public administration authorities, schooling of pupils during compulsory education;
  

g) coordinates the employment of schools with the necessary teaching staff in accordance with the provisions of the Statute of teaching staff;
  

h) organizes and directs the work of staff training, scientific research and complementary actions in pre-university education;
  

I) coordinates the development and use of database protection, didactic materials in educational units, together with local public authorities;
  


j) coordinates the organisation of the admission and graduation of students from educational establishments, as well as contests;
  

k) controls the activities and services of Smithfield held by businesses, foundations, associations, religious denominations and other natural or legal persons, of their territorial jurisdiction; ascertain any violations of legal provisions and shall take the measures provided for by law;
  

l) coordinates the activity of libraries in educational units subordinated to;
  

m) coordinates and controls the work of staff House. "
  

57. In article I, section 41, 45 and becomes point (1) and (4) of article 143 shall read as follows: Art. 143. — (1) the county school inspectorates and the Structure of the municipality of Bucharest is determined by order of the Minister of national education.


(4) the School Inspectorate has a Board of Directors and an Advisory Council. The Board of Directors consists of 9-11 members, of whom: the inspector general school, school inspectors, Deputy Director General, House staff, administrative and Technical Director, Chief Accountant, legal adviser of the school inspectorate and other members. The school inspector general is President of the Board of Directors. The Advisory Council is composed of the directors of educational establishments, other prestigious educators, including in higher education, of representatives of parents, local administrative authorities, religious communities, economic agents, such as ai and other social partners. The Chairman of the Advisory Board is elected, by secret ballot of its members. "
  

58. In article 41, point (I) shall be inserted after point 41 ^ 1 with the following content: "41 ^ 1. Article 144 shall read as follows: Art. 144. (1) the inspector general school, school inspectors, Deputy Director General and House staff are appointed by order of the Minister of national education, on the basis of criteria of professional competence and, in accordance with the law.

(2) School Inspectors are called by the school inspector general by competition, on the basis of criteria of professional and managerial competence, usually over a period of four years, according to the law. "
  

59. In article I, section 46 shall become item 42, (1), (6), (7) and (9) of article 145 shall have a new wording, and after paragraph 5, insert (5 ^ 1) with the following content: "Art. 145.-(1) Smithfield Units are headed by directors, assisted, where necessary, of the Deputy Directors. In the work of leading directors is based on the Faculty Council, on the Board of Directors and on the School Board. These Councils operate under regulations drawn up by the Ministry of national education, in accordance with the law.
..
(5 ^ 1) In every educational establishment with legal personality or on groups of units shall be set up a school Council, which decides and is responsible for the realization of educational policy at the local level. Local initiatives comply with the educational policy elaborated at national level. Component and powers are laid down in the regulation school approved by the Ministry of national education.

(6) the directors and Deputy Directors of establishments in preschool education, primary, secondary and professional education, and Deputy Directors from high school and post-secondary school are appointed inspector general, according to the law.
  

(7) the directors of establishments from secondary and post-secondary education are appointed by order of the Minister of national education, on the proposal of the inspector general school, under the law.
  

..

(9) the appointment of the Deputy Directors of schools referred to in paragraph 1. (6) and (7) shall be made as a result of sustaining a competition on the basis of criteria of professional competence and management, as well as on the School Council, for a period of 4 years. The methodology of the competition is determined by the Ministry of national education. "
  

60. In article I, paragraph 47 shall become item 43.
61. In article I, paragraph 48, and gets the point 44 (3) and (4) of article 148 shall read as follows: "(3) in the national system of education and upbringing to do notation rule, from 10 to 1.

(4) recommend applying transferable credits and their recognition both within the same institution or educational facilities, and between institutions or educational facilities in the country and abroad. "
  

62. In article I, section 44 shall be inserted after point 44 ^ 1 with the following content: "44 ^ 1. Article 151 (2) after the letter f) is inserted in point f ^ 1) with the following contents: f ^ 1). "
63. Article I, section 49 shall become item 45, and of paragraph 4 of article 154 shall read as follows: "(4) the competitions for the employment of the University and postgraduate education shall be approved by the Faculty councils, on a proposal from the boards of the contest, and shall be validated by the University Senates. The titles of the teaching professor and the Professor are confirmed by the National Council for the accreditation of titles, diplomas and certificates, through specialized commissions. Based on the confirmation, the Minister of education shall issue an order for the grant of titles of associate professor and Professor. "
64. In article I, section 45 shall be inserted after point 45 ^ 1 with the following content: "45 ^ 1. (1) Article 158 shall read as follows: Art. 158. — (1) in the pre-university study formations include groups, classes or years of study as follows: the average) group comprises 15 preschoolers or students, but no less than 10 and not more than 20; Notwithstanding, the school inspectorate may approve groups comprising at least 7 pupils or students;
  

b) primary class has on average 20 students, but no less than 10 and not more than 25;
  

c) in lower class has an average of 25 students, but no less than 10 and not more than 30;
  

d) class or year of study in vocational education, post-secondary vocational education, and has an average of 25 students, but no less than 15 and no more than 30. "
  

65. In article I, section 50 shall become item 46.
66. In article I, section 51 becomes 47 point, and article 159 shall read as follows: Art. 159. (1) the formation of teachers constitutes a right which is achieved mainly through professional improvement and conversion.

(2) within the national education system improvement of teachers in pre-university education is carried out mainly through the forms provided for in the staff regulations.
  

(3) Conversion in the educational system aimed at expanding the initial preparation in order to obtain the right to teach and the other disciplines or to occupy other positions. "
  

67. In article I, section 52 shall become item 160, while article 48 shall read as follows: Art. 160. (1) the Ministry of Education sets out objectives and coordinates the training of teachers in pre-university education, evaluates, accredits and finances training programmes continue, including conversion, made in: a) higher education institutions, faculties, and departments through departments, improving preparedness;
  

b) higher education institutions, departments or through the departments of teacher training, improving the preparation and methodical psychoeducational;
  

(c) Pedagogical University) and colleagues with pedagogical, for the improvement of the methodology and pedagogical staff in pre-school and primary education;
  

d) houses of teachers, according to art. 162;
  

(e) processing centers), organized in educational facilities, improving the preparation of specialty teachers with secondary education;
  

f) other structures empowered for that purpose by the Ministry of national education.
  

(2) to organize the activities referred to in paragraph 1. (1) the said institutions can collaborate with similar institutions, as well as with economic operators in accordance with legal regulations. "
  

68. In article I, section 53 shall become item 49, and article 161 shall read as follows: Art. 161.-(1) continuous training programmes teachers ends by Colloquium, or other specific forms of assessment, according to the law.

(2) the accredited higher education institutions can organize and conduct programs for converting training at university level and postgraduate, lasting at least a year and a half. The programmes are approved by the Ministry of national education and ends with graduation examination. Graduation examination conferring the right to obtain a diploma and the right to practise new specialization. These activities may be organized into educational forms provided by law. "
  

69. In article I, section 54 shall become item 162, and article 50 shall read as follows: Art. 162. (1) teachers ' houses are centres of documentation and organization of training activities continue and activities scientific, methodical and cultural.

(2) for carrying out the activities referred to in paragraph 1. (1) ensure the teachers House skilled trainers, accredited by the Ministry of national education, and finance these programs. Trainers collaborates with departments and departments of teacher training institutions of higher education to continue training activities. "
  

70. In article 50, point (I) shall be inserted after point 50 ^ 1 with the following content:

"50 ^ 1. Paragraphs (3) and (6) of article 166 shall read as follows: (3) material in respect of the training and education, referred to in paragraph 1. (2) State funds and funds or institutions and State enterprises in the period prior to December 22, 1989, it reinstates, without payment, the Ministry of national education, heritage institutions and educational establishments and scientific research of the system of State education. Teaching-fetching is done on the basis of the protocol. Fair compensation shall be provided, where appropriate, by the Government. Under the same conditions, without payment and reinstates the immovables which according to art. 20 paragraph 1. (2) of law No. 15/1990, the assets of the commercial companies, regardless of their social capital. Reintegration is done on the basis of protocol of delivery-receipt.
  

..

(6) Rental property, including land, temporarily available in heritage institutions of higher education in the State or their management, can be done on a contractual basis in accordance with the legal provisions, with annual review. Assets, including land, administration of educational establishments and vocational State, temporarily available, can be hired on a contractual basis in accordance with the legal provisions, with its annual review, only in accordance with the methodology established by the Ministry of national education. Rental property, including land, under the conditions laid down in the preceding paragraphs, shall be given priority for education. "
  

71. In article I, section 51, paragraph 55 and becomes article 166 shall be included in paragraphs (7) to (10) with the following contents: "(7) Holders of goods referred to in paragraph 1. (3) and (4) to be reinstated in the National Education Ministry, heritage institutions and educational establishments and scientific research from the State education system are required to provide all the proxies for National Education Ministry documents attesting property, as well as the documents necessary for entry into the accounting records.

(8) the Ministry of national education, through its representatives, will act in the legal and physical persons who refuse signing protocols and proprietary documents. These actions are exempt from stamp duty.
  

(9) the inclusion of the right of ownership of real estate belonging to the Ministry of national education or institutions and educational establishments and scientific research from the State education system, as appropriate, in the register of inscriptiuni and transcripţiuni, in the land or in the books books advertising wares with exemption from payment of the fees prescribed by law.
  

(10) the legal actions brought by the Ministry of national education and of school inspectorates in implementing paragraphs 1 and 2. (1) to (3) shall be exempt from stamp duty. "
  

72. In article I, section 56 shall become item 52, and article 167 shall read as follows: Art. 167. (1) the Ministry of national education through the school inspectorates, ensure, with the support of local councils, the management and operation of all units of the State preuniversity education.

(2) the financing costs of operation, maintenance and repair of units of pre-university education and didactic material database, except those contained in paragraphs 4 and 5. (4) and (5), is a priority of the local councils from local budgets, as well as from the own resources of the respective units. Reimbursement allocated from local budgets is made by local councils, on the basis of the documentation submitted by the school units.
  

(3) special education Establishments, clubs, camps, children's palaces and houses staff is financed from the budget of the Ministry of national education.
  

(4) the Ministry of national education to ensure State budget the necessary funds for the salaries of teaching staff, administrative and auxiliary units and in educational establishments, for travel and for facilities expenses with inventory items and books.
  

(5) the Ministry of national education may allocate budget funds to finance current expenditure incurred in certain extracurricular activities, children with education, improving the training of teachers and of other actions and activities, in accordance with the law.
  

(6) In less-favoured areas, as well as in special situations established by a decree of the Government can allocate funds from the State budget through the budget of the Ministry of national education, for the development and modernization of the material basis of pre-university education, as well as for other expenses.
  

(7) Foreign Loans contracted by the Ministry of national education with government approval, as well as the relevant interest shall be reimbursed from the State budget. "
  

73. In article I, section 57 shall become item 53, and is inserted after article 167 article 168 ^ 1 with the following content: "Art. 167 ^ 1. -(1) for the purposes of maintenance, development and modernization of the base materials and practice in educational institutions and establishments, on the occasion of the approval of the budget of revenue and expenditure for subordinate units, the Ministry of national education fund national training, from budgetary appropriations and other sources in accordance with the law.

(2) the national training Fund is managed in consultation with the National Council for Continuing Education and Training, according to the criteria laid down by order of the Minister of national education. "
  

74. In article I, shall be inserted after point 53, sections 53 53 ^ ^ 1 and 2 with the following content: "53 ^ 1. Paragraphs (3) and (4) of article 169 will read as follows: (3) institutions and educational establishments may also benefit from other sources of income acquired in accordance with the law: own incomes, subsidies, donations, sponsorship and fees from legal and physical persons. Proceeds from the sources referred to manage and use the level of the institutions and establishments concerned, including to increase the salary Fund, without payments from the State budget, local budgets and without affecting the budget allocations.
  

(4) the appropriations for the Ministry of national education allocated to pre-University School inspectorates which it redistributes educational establishments in the territory by authorising officers answerable to credit terţiari.
  

53 ^ 2. Insert after article 169 article 16 ^ 1 with the following content: 16 ^ 1. (1) higher education institutions of State functions as the funds allocated to institutions funded from the State budget and other sources, according to the law.

(2) the revenue of these institutions are made up of appropriations in the budget of the Ministry of national education, on a contract basis, to the financing of the base and complementary financing, investment objectives, funding for scholarships and social protection of students, as well as from their own income, interest, donations, sponsorships and fees charged under the law from individuals and legal entities, Romanian or foreign , and other sources. These revenues are used by institutions of higher education under the conditions of university autonomy in order to achieve the objectives laid down in the framework of the State policy in the field of education and scientific research.
  

(3) the financing of the base ensure from the State budget according to the number of students and doctoral students admitted to study without charge, number of students, the level and specificity of theoretical and practical training and other educational activity-specific indicators, particularly those relating to the quality of educational benefit.
  

(4) financing basis is carried out by the Ministry of national education, in order to ensure normal conduct of educational process at university level and postgraduate, according to national standards.
  

(5) the financing of complementary ensure both funds from the State budget and from external sources, i.e. loans and foreign aid.
  

(6) the funding of complementary activities to be implemented by the Ministry of national education through: a) grants for accommodation and meals;
  

b) funds on the basis of priorities and specific rules for endowments and other investment expenses and capital repairs;
  

c) assigned funds on competitive bases for scientific research University.
  

(8) Financing higher education institutions of the State shall be on the basis of the contract concluded between the Ministry of national education and higher education institution, as follows: (a) to finance the institutional contract), to fund scholarships and welfare of students, as well as to fund investment objectives;
  

b) complementary financing contract University scientific research, the repairings of endowments, and other investment expenses, as well as grants for accommodation and meals. Amounts of University scientific research contained in the contract are complementary, eşalonează, through an exception to the other rules, which are determined by the rate charts, annexes to the respective research contracts.
  


(8) the criteria by which it establishes financing institutions of higher education of the State from the State budget shall be approved by the Ministry of national education, taking into account the proposals of the National Council of higher education and, respectively, of the National Council of University scientific research. Based on the criteria approved by the National Board of higher education and the National Council of University scientific research National Education Ministry proposing the allocation of appropriate funds for the financing of higher education of the National Council of State Funding of higher education and the National Council of University scientific research, as specialized advisory bodies have their own staff and are financed from the budget of the Ministry of national education.
  

(9) the funding for scholarships and social protection of students shall be allocated according to the number of students and doctoral students from higher education, without charge.
  

(10) the revenue and expenditure Budgets of the institutions of higher education of the State shall be approved by the Ministry of national education, following the adoption of the State budget, by order of the Minister.
  

(11) balances remaining at the end of the year from running the budget provided for in the contract, as well as institutional balances incurred in University scientific research and off-budget revenues remain available to institutions of higher education and include in the budget of revenue and expenditure of the institution, without any payments from the State budget and without affecting the allocations from the State budget for next year.
  

(12) the synthetic Indicators from implementation of the budget of the institutions of higher education shall be published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part IV. "
  

75. Article I, section 58 shall become item 54, while paragraphs (1) to (4) and (6) of article 170 shall read as follows: Art. 170. (1) the pupils and students of the day in public education may qualify for scholarships, merit scholarships and fellowships for social aid.

(2) pupils and students are eligible for scholarships under contract concluded with businesses or other legal or natural persons, as well as for the study provided by the banks.
  

(3) Scholarships granted to students from pre-university education shall support from the State budget.
  

(4) the general criteria of award shall be determined by the Ministry of national education in collaboration with the Ministry of labour and social security. The specific criteria for award of merit, performance, study and social assistance shall be determined on an annual basis, the boards of Trustees of school inspectorates and the University Senates, and within the limits of the funds assigned in relation to the entirety of the pupils and students of the school and University activities. Scholarships benefiting students and students are indexable. The minimum amount of the scholarship students must cover the cost of accommodation and meals.
  

..

(6) the Ministry of national education grant annually a number of fellowships for doctoral studies with duration of 4-year institutions that organize this form of education. The scholarships are obtained through the contest, at the level of institutions of higher education. The fellows scholarship, have the rights and duties of an Assistant Professor. Activity that constitutes the work. "
  

76. In article I, shall be inserted after point 54 points and 54 54 ^ 1 ^ 2 with the following contents: ^ 1 ' 54. Article 174 shall be inserted in paragraph 6 with the following contents: (6) higher education institutions have the right to grant, besides tuition figure approved, at least a place for free trials with the baccalaureate diploma graduates receive from orphanages, in the conditions laid down by the University Senate.
  

54 ^ 2. Paragraph 2 of article 178 shall read as follows: (2) the parent or legal guardian is required to take the established measures to ensure school pupil's frequency in compulsory education. Failure to comply with this provision, due to parent's or legal guardian's established, constitutes contravention and shall be sanctioned by a fine between 500,000 and 2,000,000 lei. "
  

77. In article I, section 59 shall become item 55.
78. In article I, section 60 shall become item 56 with the following content: "56. Articles 181, 182 and 184 are repealed. "
79. In article 56, point (I) shall be inserted after point 56 ^ 1 with the following content: "56 ^ 1. Shall be inserted after article 184 articles 184-186 ^ 1 ^ 6 with the following contents: Art. 184 ^ 1. -Ministry of national education may establish specialised bodies subordinate to the law.
Art. 184 ^ 2. -The scientific research financed from the State budget, run by teaching staff, shall be remunerated in relation to salary schedule corresponding to the function, if the contract does not exist otherwise.
Art. 184 ^ 3. -Overcoming the duration of university education for free, according to art. 62 and 67, it supports students, except those that have the opinion of the Medical Commission and the approval of the University Senate, according to the legal regulations.
Art. 184 ^ 4. -Professional status of university colleges graduates is determined by the Ministry of national education with the Ministry of labour and social security, within 6 months from the date of publication of this law in the Official Gazette of Romania.
Art. 184 ^ 5. -University Charter may not be contrary to the provisions of the laws in force. Failure to comply with the laws in the content of the Charter law University attracts the nullity of that Act.
Art. 184 ^ 6. -Examination of capacity (high school) and stand under the present law, beginning with the first session being organized after its entry into force. "


Article 2 Education Act No. 84/1995, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, no. 1 of 5 January 1996, with the amendments and additions made by this Bill, will the Republic Official Gazette of Romania, part I, items and posing a new numbering paragraphs.
This law was adopted by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate sitting in the commune of 1 July 1999, in compliance with the provisions of art. 74 para. (1) and of article 23. 76 para. (2) of the Constitution of Romania.
PRESIDENT of the CHAMBER of DEPUTIES ION DIACONESCU SENATE PRESIDENT PETRE ROMAN------------