Law No. 58 1 May 1934 On The Bills Of Exchange And Promissory

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 58 din 1 mai 1934 asupra CAMBIEI şi BILETULUI LA ORDIN

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Law No. 58 1 may 1934 (* updated *) on BILLS of EXCHANGE and PROMISSORY (updated until February 15, 2013 *)-PARLIAMENT ISSUING — — — — — — — — — — — —-*) form of this updated regulatory action until February 15, 2013 shall be carried out by the legal department within the S.C. "territorial Center of Electronic Computing" Piatra Neamt by including all the changes and additions brought about by: order No. 11 of 4 august 1993; Law No. 83 of 6 October 1994; EMERGENCY ORDINANCE No. 39 of 26 March 2008; Law No. 163 of 8 May 2009; Law No. 76 of 24 may 2012 *).
The contents of this act is not an official document, being intended for the information of users *) Note C.T.C.E. S.A. Piatra Neamt: in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 9. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 4 of 16 January 2013, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 43 from 19 January 2013, law No. 76 of 24 may 2012, published in Monitorul Oficial nr. 365 of 30 may 2012, which causes modifications and other normative acts, shall enter into force on 15 February 2013, with a few exceptions.


The title of the chapter About issuing promissory note and promissory note form Draft Article 1 includes: 1. the name of the promissory note in text and expressed himself in the language used for this title.
2. Order of unconditional payment of an amount determined.
3. The name of the one who has to pay (pulled), and first and last name, in clear, of the natural person, the name of the legal person or entity that is required. Where trasului name exceeds the space allotted per title, shall enter on the first characters in promissory notes, first and last name, the name of trasului, in particular, limit space allotted without thereby draw invalidity of bills;
— — — — — — — — — — section 3 of article 9. 1 was amended by section 1 of article. in accordance with law No. 163 of 8 May 2009 published in Official Gazette No. 322 of 14 May 2009, which amended section 1 of article. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.
3 ^ 1. Trasului code, a unique identification number provided for in the documents of identification or registration of trasului;
— — — — — — — — — — 1 item 3 of article ^ 1 was introduced by section 2 of art. in accordance with law No. 163 of 8 May 2009 published in Official Gazette No. 322 from 14 May 2009 to supplement art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008 with 1 ^ 1.
4. Brightness of scadentii.
5. pay Showdown where you have made.
6. Name of that which or by order of which payment should be made.
7. date and place of the Appearing of issue.
8. The signature of the person issuing the draft (Sharpshooter).


Article 2 whose Title is missing any of the rigid conditions referred to in the preceding article has no value of bills of Exchange, except in cases referred to in paragraphs below: Draft scadentii is reckoned without appearing payable at sight.
In the absence of a special place shown appearing beside the name trasului is counted instead of payment and, at the same time, place of residence trasului.
Draft that didn't look where he was reckoned to be issued instead signed showed beside the name of the sniper.
If the promissory note are shown several places, paying a Bill, an owner may submit for acceptance or payment from any of these places.


Draft article 3 may be the sniper himself.
It can be drawn on the sniper himself.
She may be liable for an account Amita.


Draft article 4 may be paid to a third, either in place of normal residence of the drawee, either to another locality.
If the promissory note is not provided in the shot as the payment is made at the end of the third, it is assumed that it will be made by the latter.


Article 5 in a promissory note payable at sight or at a particular time, he sees the end from sight may also stipulate that the amount will be producing interest. In any other promissory note this stipulaţiune nescrisa it counts.
Figure interest will need to be shown in the promissory note; in the absence of stipulatia nescrisa are reckoned to showdowns.
Interest date of issue flows from the presence of a Bill, if another date is not shown.


Article 6 If a promissory note amount is written in words and in numbers, in case of difference, the amount payable is written in capital letters.
If the amount of payment is written more than once, either in the numerals letters, either, in the case of difference, the amount payable is the sum of the smallest.


Draft article 7 If the gate of signature people unable to be bound by the promissory note, fake signatures or signatures of fictitious persons or signatures which for any other reason could not compel persons who signed the draft, or on whose behalf it has been signed, however other signatories bonds remain valid.


Article 8 (1) any signature cambială must include: a) in clear, name and surname of the natural person or legal entity or entity that commits;
  

b) handwritten signature of the natural person, legal representatives or trustees of a legal person who undertakes or representatives or trustees of other categories of entities that use such tools.
  

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of the. (1) through the signature of trasului means the handwritten signature of the natural person having the quality of shot or, where appropriate, the legal representative or the assignee's trasului, a natural person, legal person or entity that accepts payment of bills.
  

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Art. 8 was amended by paragraph 2 of article 9. in accordance with law No. 163 of 8 May 2009 published in Official Gazette No. 322 from 14 May 2009 to supplement art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008 with 1 ^ 2.


Article 9 Who put his signature on the promissory note as a representative of an individual for which it did not have the authorization to work, it's kept staff under the promissory note and, if paid, has the same rights that you would have had the alleged representative. The same rule applies to the representative who has overcome its empowerment.


Article 10 any person may compel cambialmente through an agent, even if the term is used in general terms in respect of the trustee's right to issue or endorse Bills.


Article 11 the shooter may be responsible for acceptance and payment.
He can unload responsibility for acceptance; any clause by which the payment liability download counts are nescrisa.


Article 12 where a promissory note, blank on issue was completed without regard to the arrangements made, neobservarea these agreements cannot be opposed to the holder, except only if he has bad faith, draft or if he committed a serious mistake in acquiring them.
The owner of decades of his right to full white draft after three-year bills issuance date. MORIS
Such disqualification may be relied on good faith possessor, whose title has been passed.


Chapter II article 13 Draft About gir, even if it was not expressly held the injunction is simply great by gir.
If he sees the words entered in the promissory note: "not in order" or an equivalent expression, the title is transferred only in the form and with the effects of an assignment.
Collaboration can be done even on behalf of trasului, whether accepted or not, of the sniper or any other required. They may endorse the draft again.


Article 14 Guarantee must be unconditional. Any condiţiune to which they would be subjected to be reckoned nescrisa.
Partial guarantee is void.
Indorsement "bearer" is equivalent to a gir in white.


Article 15 must be written on cambie Indorsement; It must be signed by the guarantor.
Guarantee is valid even if the recipient is not mentioned or only put signature guarantor (guaranty in white). In the latter case, the guarantee to be valid, it must be written on the promissory note.
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Art. 15 was modified by section 2 of art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.


Article 16 Collaboration forward all rights stemming from the promissory note.
If collaboration is the white holder can: 1) to complete it with his own name or under the name of another person;
  

2) to endorse the draft again in white or in the order of a particular person;
  

3) to hand over the draft to fill a guarantee without Ayo in black and without endorse.
  


Article 17 the guarantor, unless stipulated otherwise, is responsible for acceptance and payment.
He may prohibit a new gir; in this case he is not responsible towards people whom the draft was subsequently girata.


Article 18 the holder of a licence holder is considered legitimate bills, whether justified or right through a series of endorsements provide, even if the latter is in the gir. Endorsements deleted count, in this respect, unwritten.
If a gir in white is followed by another gir, the signatory is reckoned as the draft has the effect of a gir in white.
If a person has lost, by any chance, the possession of a Bills, the new owner that justify the right or in the manner described in the preceding paragraph, is not held to hand over the draft, out only if it has a bad faith, or if a serious mistake illustrious in its totality.


Article 19 persons against whom action was started cambiala I can't oppose based on the owner's excepţiunile their personal relations, with previous owners he sees, or with out only if the owner gaining draft worked with science in the damage of the debtor.


Article 20


If collaboration includes mention of "value" coverage for "collection", "Attorney", or any other statement that involves a simple mandate, the holder may exercise all rights stems from the promissory note, but is unable to administer than under power of attorney.
Those bound may not oppose in this case the possessor than excepţiunile what could oppose girantului.
The terms of reference contained in a gir "Attorney" does not cease through the death of the client, by restricting its ability or inability.


Article 21 if the guarantee refers to "value under warranty", "the pledge value" or any other statement that involves a lien, the holder can exercise all rights stems from a promissory note, but he's done gir counted as made under the power of attorney.
Those bound may not oppose holder excepţiunile based on their personal relations with the guarantor, only if the holder out, receiving the draft, worked with science in the damage of the debtor.


Article 22 Collaboration produces the same effects due to the posterior as a gir above. However, any endorsement made posterior non-payment, protest or made after the passing of the deadline for making the protest, produces only the effects of an assignment.
Indorsement without date is reckoned until proof to the contrary, as did before passage of the deadline established for making the protest.


Article 23 Through the assignment of promissory note, deriving either from a guaranty of payment made or posterior protests after expiry of the period for making the protest, either from a separate act, even previous has been overhauled, shall be transmitted to the creditor all rights of the transferor, to which cambial i will oppose all relied on its excepţiunile, the transferee having the right teaching of the promissory note.


Chapter III About acceptance in article 24 the holder of a Bill, or even an easy keeper, can present trasului, until maturity, draft for acceptance at his place of residence.


Article 25 In any shooter may promissory note may stipulate that it will need to be submitted for acceptance, setting a time limit for the presentation.
He may prohibit the promissory note for accepting out only if the draft is payable at a is payable in Ayo or another locality than that of domicile, or if trasului is payable at a particular time dela.
He can also stipulate that the presentation for acceptance will not be able to take place before a particular database.
Apart from when he sees banned for accepting any of the guarantors may stipulate that will need to be submitted for acceptance by the draft, setting a time limit for the presentation.


Article 26 Draft payable at a certain time to be submitted towards the end from the view of acceptance within one year of the issuance date. MORIS
He sees may reduce or extend that period.
These time limits may be reduced by the guarantors.


Article 27 Reading may request that a second presentation was to be made on the day following the first display. Those interested may not avail himself of this request, if neobservarea is not mentioned in the protest.
The owner is not obliged to leave trasului draft submitted for acceptance.


Article 28 acceptance shall write on the promissory note. It is expressed by the word "accepted" or any other equivalent expression; It is signed by the drawee. The mere signature of the trasului on the face of the Bills of Exchange acceptance is credited.
When the draft is payable at a certain time, or when the end from sight she must be presented for acceptance within a period to be determined by a special clause, the acceptance shall bear the date of the day when it is made, unless only if the owner requires that she wear date of presentation. If the acceptance is not dated, the holder, in order to preserve the right to regress against endorsers and sniper, one must wax to note this lack by a protest made in a timely manner.


Article 29 Acceptance must be unconditional; reading a may, however, restrict to a part of the amount.
Any other amendment through acceptance, those contained in the promissory note, it counts as a refusal of acceptance. Acceptantul remains, however, kept within the limits of this acceptance.


Article 30 If the shooter may promissory note showed a payment, other than that of residence trasului, without however to show a payment to Amita must be made, the drawee will be able to look with acceptance. In the absence of an atari acceptantul showdowns, it is reckoned that it was obliged to pay himself at the place of payment.
When the draft is payable at trasului, it may look in an acceptance in the same locality where payment must be made.


Article 31 By accepting drawee is obliged to pay the draft at maturity.
In the event of non-payment of the holder, even if the shooter, has cambiala action against acceptantului direct for all that may be required pursuant to article 4. 53 and 54.
Drawee to accept remains obligated even though had no knowledge of the bankruptcy sniper.


Article 32 If written acceptance by the promissory note is removed by pulling it, before the return of the title, acceptance is reckoned refused. Deleting it counts until proof to the contrary it was made prior to the refund certificate.
However, if the drawee has brought, in writing, to the attention of the owner or of any other signatory as agreed, he is held by them within the limits of this acceptance.


Chapter IV Article About 33 payment of an aval of bills can be guaranteed through a downstream for the whole amount, or only for part of it. This warranty can be given by a Amita or even a signed promissory note.


Article 34 Downstream is given on the promissory note or on the filler metal.
It is expressed by the words "to downstream" or by any other equivalent formula and is signed by the avalist.
The downstream is reckoned as a result from the mere signature of the avalistului on the face of the Bills of Exchange, besides only if signature is trasului or sniper.
Downstream must show who is given. In the absence of showdowns are given for the Sharpshooter's reckoning.


Article 35 Avalistul is kept in the same manner as that for which he has provided.
His obligation is valid even if the bond that guaranteed it would be null and void in any other cause than a Mohd ARIFF form.
When avalistul pays, he acquires the rights draft stems from it against the guaranteed, as against those which are held by the latter, pursuant to the promissory note.


Chapter V, Article About 36 a promissory note maturity can be drawn: in plain sight;
At a certain time dela;
At some time the show date from the rock;
One day fix.
Bills of Exchange with other due or overdue with successive are void.


Article 37 the Draft payable at sight is the presentation. It must be submitted for payment within one year to date. MORIS He sees may reduce or extend that period. These time limits may be reduced by the guarantors.
He sees may stipulate that a promissory note payable at sight must not be submitted for payment prior to a given date. In this case the term presentation flowing this date. MORIS


Article 38 Maturity of a Bills at a specific time which from the standpoint of either is determined by the date of acceptance, or that of the protest.
In the absence of protest, acceptance nedata is credited toward the receiving as being made on the last day of the time limit laid down for the presentation for acceptance.


Article 39 a Maturity bills held one or more months of the issue date or dela dela views, it's reckoned from the date of the month in the appropriate payment must be made. In the absence of appropriate maturity date will be the last day of this month.
When a Bill is drawn from one or more months and half dela dela views, date or count first whole months and then half.
If the due date is set at the beginning, the middle or the end, is meant by these terms: the first, fifteenth or last day of the month.
Expresiunile "8 days" or "fifteen days" means, not that one or two weeks, but as eight or fifteen days.
By the expression "half moon" means fifteen days.


Article 40 When a Bill is payable at a fixed day in a place where the timing is particularly that of the place of issue, the due date is considered to be fixed after the shop calendar.
When you draw a promissory note between two places, timetables, is payable at the time of the issue date, maturity date, Dale is determined as of the day that, according to the timetable of the place of payment, corresponding to the day of issue.
Deadlines for the submission of bills are counted according to the previous paragraphs of these rules.
These rules are not applicable if in a clause of a Bill, or only from the very language of title showdowns, it appears intenţiunea to adopt special rules.


Chapter VI Article 41 pay bills payable at no charge for a one day fix or to a particular issue or date period dela dela views must submit the payment, either the day on which it is payable, either one of the two working days.
Presentation of bills from a compensation is tantamount to a presentation for payment.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 2 of art. 41 amended by section 1 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.


Draft article 42 must be submitted for payment to the place and address indicated on the promissory note.
In the absence of a draft appearances must be submitted for payment: 1. At trasului or the person designated in the Bill to pay for it. At acceptantului through interventiune or the person designated in the Bill to pay for it.
3. To the one specified.


Article 43


Drawee that pays draft may require that it be taught with payment by owner.
The owner cannot refuse a partial payment.
In the case of partial payment may be required reading to be done on the promissory note mention of this payment and to be given a receipt.


Article 44 the holder of a Bills is not held to receive the payment before the due date.
Drawee that pays before maturity, it does risk and danger.
The one who pays the due date shall be valid only if convicted, except it wasn't fraud or serious mistake on his part. He is obliged to check the regular succession of girurilor, but not the authenticity of the signatures of endorsers.


Article 45 When a promissory note is payable in a currency not being at the place of payment, the amount can be paid in the currency of the country, after its value on the day of maturity.
If the debtor is in delay with the payment, the owner may, at his choice, to ask that the amount to be paid in the currency either of the country, the day after the due amount or value of the day of payment.
The amount of foreign currency is determined by uzurile the place of payment. Yet he sees his may stipulate that the amount of payment will be calculated after a course specified in the promissory note.
Terms shown here do not apply when he sees stipulated that the payment will have to be made in a particular currency is shown (the actual payment clause in foreign currency).
If the amount is shown in the currency given the same name, but a different value in the country of issue, and in that of payment, allegedly showing refers to the currency of the place of payment.


Article 46 when the draft is not submitted for payment within the deadline. 40, any debtor is entitled to record the amount of savings and Home or to another institution Consemnaţiuni legally empowered to conduct such operations, at the expense and risk of the holder of the promissory note, receipt depunîndu the Court of the place of payment.
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Art. 46 was amended by section 1 of article. in accordance with law No. 83 of 6 October 1994, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 292 of 14 October 1994.


Article 46 ^ 1 presentation of bills of exchange for payment can be made in the original or by truncation.
For the purposes of this law, by crop means computer process consists of the following successive operations: a) the electronic format of the relevant information from the original draft;
  

(b) reproduction of the original image) Bills in electronic format; and c) information obtained from electronic transactions referred to in points. the a and b)) credit institution paying.
  

May be subject to truncation only accepted bills of Exchange.
Submission of a payment of bills through the crop produce the same legal effects as the payment of bills of Exchange, provided that the latter have been issued in compliance with the provisions of the law.
Credit institutions may use truncation procedure, provided that between them there is a Convention in the context of a prior arrangement or a Convention consisting of their membership in a payment system.
Information relevant to crop, contained in the original draft, are set according to the conventions referred to in paragraph 1. 5. copy the image of the original Bill, the Bill represents the electronic originals. The image of the original promissory note must abide by standards set according to the conventions referred to in paragraph 1. 5. The time of receipt by the credit institution in question, by paying a payment system of information relevant to the truncation and electronic image of the said bills of Exchange according to para. 2, on presentation of the payment constitutes.
Transmission to the credit institution paying the relevant information and the image of the promissory note, by truncation, should be undertaken so as to ensure its authenticity and integrity through the use of any technical procedures accepted by the law.
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Art. 46 ^ 1 was introduced by point 3 of article 1. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.


Article 46 ^ 2 When presented at paying a promissory note by truncation, the credit institution is obliged: a to verify that) Bill in its original form and content it complies with the provisions of the law, including regularity the succession girurilor, except for the authenticity of the signatures of the gunner and giranţilor;
  

b to ensure accuracy and) compliance information relevant to crop transmitted electronically to the data in the original draft, as well as compliance with the draft Bill, the image of the original.
  

The credit institution shall be responsible for any loss suffered by non-compliance with the obligations laid down in paragraph 1. 1.
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Art. 46 ^ 2 was introduced by point 3 of article 1. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.


Article 46 ^ 3 total or partially the Refusal of a payment of bills submitted by truncation is done in electronic form, by paying the credit institution.
On the basis of refusal provided for in paragraph 1. 1 a credit institution holding the original draft to score on them: a) the date on which the payment thereof, in order to ascertain whether the submission has been made within the time limit laid down in article 21. 41;
  

b refusal, Declaration) dated and signed by the legal representatives or proxies.
  

The particulars entered on the original draft, according to para. 2, while respecting the provisions of article 3. 49 para. 1, shall constitute proof of the refusal of payment.
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Art. 46 ^ 3 was introduced by point 3 of article 1. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.


Chapter VII regression in case of non-payment or accepting Article 47 cambiala Action is direct or regress: avalistilor direct acceptantului and cons; to regress against any other required.


Article 48 the holder can exercise the rights of contribution or recourse against endorsers, sniper and other required: a) in maturity, if payment has not taken place;
  

b) just before maturity: 1. If acceptance has been refused in all or in part.
2. In the event of the bankruptcy of trasului, whether he accepted it or not; in the event of cessation of payments on its part, even if the termination payment is not verified by a decision if his pursuit of goods remained without result.
3. In case of bankruptcy of a neacceptabila sniper bills down.


Article 49 of the acceptance or Refusal of payment must be found through a notarial act (rejection or protest the non-payment).
The protest of the rejection should be done within the time limits laid down for the presentation. If in the case referred to in the first paragraph of art. 27 the first presentation was held on the last day of the term, the protest may still be done the next day.
A protest non-payment of bills of exchange payable at a fixed day or at a particular time or date of the show, Dale at a specific time which from the view, must be made in one of the two working days following the day on which the draft is payable. When the draft is payable at sight, the protest must be made as indicated in the preceding paragraph generally, to the protest of the rejection.
The protest of the rejection of payment exempt from presentation and protest the non-payment.
When reading ceased payments, whether they had accepted or not, or if you are tracking its assets did not give result, the holder may not exercise the right of recourse, or only after the draft has been submitted to trasului towards payment and after the protest was made.
When reading, whether or not it has been accepted, has been declared bankrupt, as in the case of bankruptcy of a sniper neacceptabila, submission of bills stipulated declarative judgement of bankruptcy is sufficient to allow the holder of the right of contribution or recourse.


Article 50 the holder must încunoştiinţeze on the guarantor or gunner about rejection or failure in four business days following the day of the protest or the day of the presentation, if there stipulatiunea "without spending". Each endorser needs in the two working days following the day on which he received to inform, to bring to the attention of girantului or inform, showing the names and addresses of those who have been incunostiintarile; It will be so until the shooter. Deadlines shown here receiving the preceding flow încunoştiinţării dela.
When, in accordance with the preceding paragraph, the provisions of, a încunoştiinţare is made, a signatory of the promissory note, the same încunoştiinţare must be made in the same period, avalistului or.
If a guarantor has not revealed its address, or showed it in a way that isn't readable, to inform girantului that precedes it made is sufficient. That which is obliged to do to inform, may do so in any form even by simply the opposites of the promissory note.
He must prove that he did inform within the period prescribed. This period will be counted as observed if a covering letter to inform the mail was handed over within the time limit prescribed.
That which does not inform the term above mentioned, not forfeited the right to recourse; He is liable if the damage caused by the site, through without fault, but as they can damage the vested interests get ahead of the amount of the promissory note.


Article 51, he sees the guarantor, or avalistul, may stipulatiunea "without spending", "no protest", or any other equivalent expression, written and signed promissory note, to dispense the possessor for the exercise of the right of protest regress, making rejection or failure.

This stipulaţiune does not exempt the holder of the promissory note submission deadlines, nor incunostiintarile to be made. Proof of time limits is for the neobservarii one who opposes the possessor.
If stipulatiunea is entered, marksman it produces its effect with respect to all signatories; If it is stated by a guarantor or a avalist, it produces its effects only towards it. If, on the whole, the marksman stipulatiunea entered the owner makes the protest, its costs remain in charge. If stipulatiunea was entered by a guarantor or avalist, spending the protests was made, may be requested from the presence of all the signatories.


He sees article 52, acceptantul, guarantor and avalistul bills are held jointly and severally towards the owner.
The holder is entitled against all these tracking persons, individually or collectively, without being held to observe the order in which they were bound.
The same law has any signer who paid the draft.
The action started against one of forced, not to impede the pursuit of others, even if you are the one against posteriori which proceeded first.


Article 53 the holder can ask about setback: 1. amount shown in draft neacceptata or unpaid, together with interest, if it has been stipulated.
2. statutory Interest reckoned from the presence of the due date.
3. the expenditure of the protest, incunostiintarilor, and other expenses duly justified.
If regression is exercised prior to maturity, the discount will be deducted a sum shown in the promissory note. This discount will be calculated according to the National Bank's discount in effect at the time of regress, the place of domicile of the holder.


Article 54 That had been paid by draft may request recourse dela sureties: 1. The whole amount paid.
2. legal Interest to this amount, counted as from the day when the paid sum.
3. The expenditure which it has made.


Article 55 against which Any required shall be exercised or could be exercised a right of recourse, may ask, in return for the payment of bills, handing out protest and an account of the return payment.
Any guarantor who paid the draft may delete any endorsement or those of the following endorsers.


Article 56 if a setback after a partial acceptance, that which pays the amount for which draft has not been accepted may be asked to make mention of this payment on the promissory note and to give cash. The holder must, in addition, to hand over a copy of the promissory note, certified according to, how to protest and make possible the exercise regresurilor.


Article 57 Any person, having the right exercise, it can regress, unless stipulated otherwise, to compensate through a new promissory note (promissory note), held over one of his sureties and payable at his place of residence.
V. draft-encompass, in addition to the amounts referred to in article 1. 53 and 54, a brokerage and stamp duty for it. If counter-draft is drawn by the owner, the amount is fixed after the Bills, directing the original draft place where Dale is payable on the place of residence girantului. If the counter-draft is a trace amount is fixed endorser after the Bills, he sees the end from the place where the trace counter-domiciled bills of Exchange on the place of residence girantului.


Article 58 After passage of time limits: a) for a presentation of bills at sight or at a particular time dela;
  

b) for making the protest of the rejection or failure;
  

c to pay) for the presentation in the case of stipulatiunii "without spending".
  

The possessor is deprived of his rights against endorsers, against other sniper and bound with excepţiunea acceptantului.
If the draft is submitted for acceptance within the period stipulated by the shooter, the holder is deprived of a right or recourse for nonpayment, and invokes out only if the stipulatiunii has understood that he sees to unload only guarantee acceptance.
If stipulatiunea of a period for presentation is contained in a gir, only the guarantor may oppose lack.


Article 59 When presenting bills or making the protest within the prescribed time is hampered by an immovable obstacle (legal provision, the case of force majeure, fortuitous times), these deadlines are extended.
The holder shall be obliged to bring, without delay, to the attention of his girantului, by registered letter, the case of force majeure, fortuitous times and make on the promissory note endorsement dated and signed by him this încunoştinţare; for the rest of the provisions of art. 49. — — — — — — — — — — —-. 2 of art. 59 was amended by paragraph 4 of art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.
After the cessation of unforeseeable force majeure times holder must without delay, to submit the draft for acceptance or payment and if necessary make a protest.
If the event of force majeure, fortuitous times you over 30 days due rights of dela or recourse may be exercised without the need for presentation and protest.
For bills at sight or at a particular time, from the presence of sight thirty days when flows from the presence of the încunoştiinţat date of the owner's guarantor or unforeseeable force majeure times, even though the inform made before expiry of the period for the presentation; the term 30 days plus the time limit or a time dela dela views stated in the promissory note.
Do not count cases of force majeure, fortuitous times purely personal deeds of the owner or of the person he tasked to present draft or a protest.


Article 60 between multiple forced who to call in a promissory note cannot exert cambiala action, the interrelationships of these individuals will be governed after the rules relative to the solidary obligations.


Draft article 61 as the executor for title and accessories, established in accordance with article 4. 53, 54 and 57.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 2 of art. 61 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
Jurisdiction to invest is appended to the draft Court.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 3 of art. 61 was amended by section 3 of article 9. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
The conclusion of investment is not subject to appeal.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 4 of art. 61 was amended by paragraph 4 of art. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
Draft issued abroad has the same effects are enforceable if they are admitted and the law of the place where the draft was issued.
Somatiunea of execution must include the exact transcript of the promissory note or protest, as well as other documents which show the amount.
For the bonds underwritten by proxy, cambial somatiunea will make the statement and act which shows the mandate.


Article 62 shall, within 5 days from the communication of somaţiunii, the debtor can make opposition to enforcement.
The opposition is going to introduce to the Court, which will judge according to the code of civil procedure, and in particular, before any other issues.
Decision rendered on the appeal may be contested only by the appeal within 15 days from delivery.
The Court will be able to suspend execution only if the authors do not recognize your signature, enrolling in the bogus or not recognizing the power of attorney.
In the event of suspension of execution, the creditor will be able to get insurance measures.
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Art. 62 was modified by art. 16 of law No. 76 of 24 may 2012 published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 365 of 30 may 2012.


Article 63 In cambial processes started, either by action or by way of objection to the execution debtor, has served notice it will not oppose the holder than the excepţiunile of the nullity of the title, according to dispoziţiunilor art. 2 and those who are not stopped. 19. personal Excepţiunile should be speedy solutiune and always based on written evidence.
Excepţiunile proposed in the first part should be cambial term of notice.
Through the first term of notice means the first term, when the first court proceedings being satisfied, the parties may put the conclusions even if the show or the opponent fails to appear.


Article 64 if the report that gave rise to the issuance of bills of Exchange, or derive a causal action, it remains in the being with the whole issue of bills of Exchange or transfer, unless it is shown novatiunea.
Such an action may not be exercised until after the protest proves lack of acceptance or payment.
The holder of a Bill, may not engage in causal action than giving the borrower repayment bills, making it at the registry of the competent court, at the same time justifying the formalities necessary for the preservation of the debtor's actions against regression that can belong to.


Article 65 When holder was lost in action against all cambiala verifies and has no causal action against them, can exert against sniper, acceptantului or girantului an action for payment of the amount by which they have been enriched without harm to the cause.


Chapter VIII About protest Article 66 the protest is dreseaza by the bailiff.
Witness assistance is not needed in training assistance in protest.
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Art. 66 was amended by section 6 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.


Article 67


The protest can be trained through act separately, original title himself or on one of the copies, the copy times added. If the protest is dreseaza on an admixture, who trained him must put the stamp on the Court.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 1 of art. Amended 67 of point 7 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
For more evidence of the same person, payable at the same place the protest can be made at the request of the holder with a single act.
If the protest is covered by the act separately, making mention of the protest will be made on the title filed toward the protest.


Article 68 the protest must be made in the places provided for in art. 42 against the persons in question indicated by this article, even if they are not present.
If the place of residence of such persons cannot be found, the protest shall be dreseaza at the District Court in whose territory is situated the place of payment indicated on the promissory note.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 2 of art. 68 was amended by section 8 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
The inability of persons should be draft presented no dispenseaza of the bond to protest against their adaptations, except as provided for in the last paragraph of art. 49. If the person to whom the draft must cease from vieata, the protest will be made also on behalf of the preceding or following the rules.


Article 69 the protest must include: 1. Year, month, day and hour in which he was trained.
2. name and pronouns the one who asked for the creation of the protest.
3. The names and pronouns the person or persons against whom the protest was made.
4. Showing where he was trained, noting research, according to art. 42.5. The exact transcription of bills of Exchange, if the protest could not be done directly on the entry cambial.
6. payment Somatiunea, replies or reasons that did not receive any response.
The protest will be subscribed by the one who has trained.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 2 of art. Amended 69 of point 9 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
When the drawee to whom are presented for acceptance a bill requiring a new presentation to be made the following day, this application should be included in protest.


Article 70 erasures shall, between the lines and the writing indreptarile or with the sign of reference, must be approved by the one who makes the protest.


Article 71 the one who makes the protest is liable to pass all protests daily, after the order date, in a special register.
The original shall be handed over in a protest that called for the protest.
In case of loss, the original can be replaced by a certified copy of the register.


Article 72 district courts keep a register of protests, in which shall be recorded daily and in order of date, protestate, conducting the Bills of particulars required by the foregoing articles.
On the first day of every week, each court shall send the Chamber of Commerce and industry of the county or, if appropriate, of the municipality of Bucharest, a table with non-payment protests of bills, made during the previous week. This table shall indicate the date of the protest, the name and surname of the person against whom it was trained of the protest, which called the protest, the name and surname of the sniper, amount due and due date title protested.
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Art. 72 was modified by paragraph 10 of article 10. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.


Article 73 In unless he sees stipulated obligation, it can be replaced, if the owner is invoieste, through a declaration of non-acceptance or payment written and dated on the title or on deinstall, signed at whom the protest was made. This declaraţiune must be vested with the date of the brawl, within the period prescribed for the making of the protest.


Chapter IX interventiune Dispoziţiuni About section I General Article 74 he sees, the guarantor or avalistul may indicate a person to accept or pay if necessary.
The draft may be ready, shown below, accepted or paid by a person who is involved for any of the required about regression.
Intervenientul may be a drawee or AYO, himself a person already bound by the Bill, except for acceptantului.
Intervenientul must be in the two working days following apparent interventiunii, to încunoştiinţeze of interventiunea to the one for which intervened. In case of neobservare of this term, he shall be liable, if the place of damage, caused by its negligence, but not as damage-interests able to outdo the amount of the promissory note.


Section II of the Acceptance by interventiune Article interventiune Acceptance through 75 may be made whenever the holder of a Bills that could be accepted would be able to exercise the right of recourse before the due date.
When in a promissory note was shown a person to accept a payment or if necessary, the place of payment, the holder may not engage in before the due date, the right of recourse in the counter that that made indicatiunea and in coming out against the signatories, only if the person has submitted draft indicated and if this, refuzind acceptance, this refusal was found by the protest.
In other cases of interventiune owner may refuse acceptance through interventiune. However, if one admits, he loses the right to recourse before the due date, about regression, against him for that acceptance was made, and the signatories to come.


Article 76 the acceptance by interventiune it writes on the promissory note and shall be signed by an intervener. She looks for is date; in the absence of showdowns, acceptance is reckoned to date for the Sharpshooter.


Article 77 Acceptantul through interventiune is held against the holder of the promissory note and the one for which retrospective sureties intervened in the same way as this.
With the acceptance by interventiune, for whom it was made, and his sureties, may require the holder, in Exchange for payment of the amount referred to in article 53, handing out bills, to protest and if it will be a place of return paid account.
Acceptantului through the interventiune bond is terminated if the draft was not submitted at the latest on the day following the last day for non-payment protest training assistance.


Section III-of the payment through the payment by Article 78 interventiune interventiune orideciteori may be made, the holder may exercise the right of recourse to the due date or before that.
Payment must cover the entire amount would have had to pay that for which interventiunea was done.
It must be made not later than on the day which follows the last day permitted for making non-payment protest.
The payment must come from the protest and, if it has already been trained, must be mentioned at the end of the protest by the one who trained him. Expenditure will refund the protest even though he sees the put clause without expenses.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 4 of art. 78 has been amended point 11 of article 1. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.


Article 79 if the draft was accepted by several intervenienţi, residing at the place of payment, or if they have been indicated to pay-if need be-persons having their residence in the same place, the holder shall submit the draft of all these people, and whether it will be the place to protest the non-payment at the latest on the day which follows the last day allowed for creation of the protest.
If the protest was not made within that period, the one who made the indication to the need, or that the promissory note was accepted as sureties, and ex post liberaţi.


Article 80 the owner refuses payment through interventiune loses the right of recourse against those who would have been liberaţi.


Article 81 interventiune payment must be established through mention on the promissory note, indicating that it is made. In the absence of an atari indicari, payment shall be made for the Sharpshooter's reckoning.
Draft and protest, if it was concluded, must be handed over to him who paid through interventiune.


Article 82 the one who paid through interventiune acquires the rights resulting from the promissory note against him had been paid and those which are held by the latter cambialmente; He cannot, however, guarantee the draft again.
The signer for which retrospective sureties payment was made are liberaţi.
If two or more persons offer payment through interventiune, that which is preferred payment liberează a number greater than required. That, in the knowledge of cause, contrary to this rule, losing the right to regress against those that would have been liberaţi.


Chapter X About the plurality of specimens and the kids section I Draft Article 83 specimens Plurality can be drawn in several identical copies.
These copies must be numbered in the text itself; absent this, each of the specimens are distinct counts a promissory note.
Any owner of a Bills doesn't look like it was drawn up in a single copy, may request the release of several copies at its expense. For this purpose he must refer to girantului or directly, which is obliged to give support to the own or endorser; It will be so until the shooter. Sureties are required to reproduce the new endorsements.


Article 84


The payment of one of these copies shall discharge all liability, even though it was stipulated that such a payment cancel the effect of the other copies. However reading is still kept under each copy accepted that was not returned.
The guarantor who sent specimens from different people, as sureties, are kept under any copies bearing the signature of those who have not been returned.


Article 85 That which he sent a copy of a Bill, with a view to acceptance, must indicate the name of the person on the other copies from which this copy is found. This person is obligated to turn it over to the legitimate holder of another copy.
If it refuses, the holder may not exercise the right of recourse than after making protest to State through: 1. copy sent to acceptance has not been handed over with all his request.
2. As acceptance or payment could not be obtained from the other copy.
Secţiunes II Copies Article 86 Any owner of a Bills of exchange shall be entitled to make one or more copies.
Copy shall reproduce exactly the original with endorsements and all other particulars set out in the promissory note; It must indicate where take end.
Copy can be avalizata in the same girata and manner and with the same effect as the original.


Article 87 Copy must look on the original title holder. It is obliged to turn it over to the legitimate holder of the copy.
In case of refusal, the holder may not exercise the right to regress against persons who have endorsed or avalizat copy, only once did to ascertain, through protest, like the original has not been handed over with all his request.
If the original title given after the last gate before making out gir copy stipulatiunea "here guarantee is valid only on the copy", or any other equivalent form, later on the original guarantee is void.


Chapter XI about the deterioration In case of alteration of article 88 a text of bills, the signatories are kept in the retrospective interference limits the text is corrupt; previous signatories are held according to the original text.
Where the title does not result, or does not prove that the signature was placed before or after the alteration has been made before.


Chapter XII about the cancellation and replacement Article 89 in case of loss, theft or destruction of a Bills owner can know about it and can ask that pulled the title through a request addressed to the President of the Court of the place where the draft is payable.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 1 of art. Amended 89 of point 12 of article 4. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
The application will need to show the very top of the Bill, and, in the case of a promissory note, sufficient elements to identify.
The President of the Court, after examining the application and products, as well as of the right holder, will decide in the shortest time possible an Ordinance whereby bills of Exchange data, a specificind will declare invalid in anyone's hands will find it and will authorize the payment to be made after the passage of 30 days since the publication of the Ordinance in the Official Gazette of Romania , if the due date has exceeded or draft is in sight, or within 30 days of the due date, if this is later than the publication in the Official Gazette of Romania, and only if, in the meantime, the owner did not do.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. 3 of art. Amended 89 of point 13 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
The Ordinance must be notified trasului and published in the Official Gazette, the perseverance and the petitioner's expense.
Payment made before notification of the Ordinance, with all the notification made, liberează on the borrower.


Article 90 within 30 days following the publication of the Ordinance in dela Gazette, holder of the promissory note will be able to counter this opposition, opposition which will communicate both the petitioner and trasului, with their attendance before the Court of the place of payment.


Article 91 till the expiry of prescribed by art. 89, the petitioner will be able to exercise all his rights, conservation, and in the case of a promissory note, or who already has fallen in the meantime, you could ask that payment of bills whose annulment demanded it, by submitting a bail equal to the amount claimed, or to record this amount.


Article 92 after crossing the time limit laid down by article. 89, without opposition, or made after the rejection of the opposition through a final draft resolution remaining lost, or retrieved no longer has no effect.
Anyone who has obtained the replacement of bills of Exchange, we can, upon presentation of the Ordinance and the respective certificate of registry failure opposition within, or upon presentation of the definitive decision rejecting the opposition, to ask that payment of bills; When the draft was in white or has not decreased yet, you might want to ask, under the same conditions, a duplicate.
For bills of low or null, in view of the interest in accordance with article flow. 53 and 54, unless the amount due has been paid according to art. 46 on account of the person in whose favour the cancellation occurred or was handed down the sentence.


Article 93 the order or decision of the final remaining off any draft law discourages from undone, without prejudeca any shares of the holder towards the one who obtained the annulment.


Chapter XIII limitation About Article 94 any actions arising out of bills of Exchange against acceptantului shall be three years, counted from the presence of the due date.
Bearer shares against endorsers and deviations against the sniper through one year reckoned dela date timely made the protest or dela due date in case of stipulaţiune, without spending.
Some actions against others and endorsers against sniper, is barred by six months counted from the day from which the guarantor has paid the draft or the day on which the action of the setback was started against him.
The action of getting rich without cause shall be barred by a year from the day the judgement rendered on the action will remain definitive cambial.


Chapter XIV General provisions Article 95 payment of bills whose maturity is one day of public holiday, may not be required than on the first working day following. So all the other acts on the Bill, in particular the presentation for acceptance and protest, they cannot be made in only one working day.
When one of these acts must be done within a certain time limit, whose last day is a public holiday, the time limit is extended to the first working day following. Intermediate legal holidays fall within the calculation period.


Article 96 In due time or conventional reckons the day that they start to end from the run.


Article 97 are not permitted due to deadlines, no law, no court.


Article 98 Through the word, for the purposes of this Act, means the place where the person obliged, to which it refers, or has its head office, and housing by word instead of paying means that the locality.
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Art. 98 was changed from point 14 of article. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.


Article 99 Subscription through implementation of the finger is not counted out only if the signature, entry is made in the form of notarial or authentic.


Chapter XV the assignment of a claim deriving from the sale of goods against draft Article 100 pulled Into BU, which need not be submitted to the acceptance, as in any other promissory note track, where it was not accepted, he sees may, within the limits of the amount referred to in the promissory note, to concede through a clause inserted in a Bill, his claim deriving from the sale of goods , the face of the shooter.
Clause must include, under penalty of nullity, the date and number of the invoice relating to the sale of goods.
In the case of bills of Exchange issued by order of the sniper himself, the assignment clause may be inserted in the first gir.
The assignment cannot be made by the shooter than for a banking company or other credit societies, however, will use all the successive giratarilor. The term banking company or another credit company shall mean the legal persons provided for by legislation on banking activity and credit.
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Alin. 4 of art. 100 was amended by section 1 of article. in accordance with law No. 83 of 6 October 1994, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 292 of 14 October 1994.


Article 101 Assignment acquires effect against third parties through notification made, trasului, notice what can be done and by registered letter with return receipt; the notification must contain the exact indications for identification of bills of Exchange.
Presentation of bills built trasului, resulting from the protest of the rejection, instead of notice.


Article 102 Reading, after notification of the assignment, it cannot pay bills than the possessor.
It can't capitalize against rights deriving from reverse shot unless it has trained its protest against non-payment and have no past 5 days of communication from the sniper Dale made a formal notice of execution, in accordance with art. 61, or citation in cambiala dela, dela admission times to claim bankruptcy liabilities cambial sniper, when it was declared bankrupt.
Exercise action against trasului not prevent the execution of the action at the same time cambial counter sniper and other required.
The holder of a Bill, it will not be able to capitalize on the rights deriving from assignment in bankruptcy trasului prior to making the notification required by paragraph 1. 1 of this article.


Article 103


Anyone assigned a claim in rigid conditions under article. 100, knowing that at the time of the assignment there, in whole or in part, the claim will be restored, punish by a fine dela 5,000-100,000 lei and imprisonment up to 6 months, unless the fact constitutes a crime punished with a greater punishment, in which case we will apply this punishment.


Title II About the ticket at the Ticket order Article 104 order comprises: 1) the name of the promissory note in text and expressed himself in the language used for this title;
  

2) unconditional promise to pay a fixed amount;
  

3) showing maturity;
  

4) appearing where payment must be made;
  

the one whose name 5) or the order to which the payment must be made;
  

6) date and place of the appearing of the issue;
  

7 issuer, respectively) signature handwritten signature of an individual having the quality of the issuer or, if applicable, the legal representative or the assignee of the issuer, a natural person, legal person or entity using such instruments;
  

— — — — — — — — — — paragraph 7) of art. 104 was amended by section 3 of article 9. in accordance with law No. 163 of 8 May 2009 published in Official Gazette No. 322 from 14 May 2009 to supplement art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008 with PT 4 ^ 1.

8 the issuer name, respectively) first and last name, in clear, of the natural person or legal entity or entity that commits. Where the name of the issuer exceeds the space allotted on the title will enter on the order ticket the first characters of the name and surname, name of the issuer, subject to the special space allocated, without thereby draw promissory nullity;
  

— — — — — — — — —-section 8) art. 104 was introduced by point 3 of article 1. in accordance with law No. 163 of 8 May 2009 published in Official Gazette No. 322 from 14 May 2009 to supplement art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008 with (4) ^ 2.

issuer code 9), that is, a unique identification number from the identification documents or registration of the issuer.
  

— — — — — — — — — — paragraph 9) of art. 104 was introduced by point 3 of article 1. in accordance with law No. 163 of 8 May 2009 published in Official Gazette No. 322 from 14 May 2009 to supplement art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008 with (4) ^ 2.


Title of article 105 which lacks any of the rigid conditions referred to in the preceding article shall not be reckoned promissory note except as indicated in the paragraphs below.
Your ticket to the order whose due date is not shown, it is reckoned to be paid.
In the absence of the special place the show appearing is counted instead of payment and place of residence of the issuer.
Ticket orders that didn't look where he was delivered, it counts signed instead of advising the issuer name shown.


Article 105 ^ 1 Ticket to order that meets the conditions laid down in article 23. 104-105 can be presented for payment through the crop, in the conditions laid down in article 22. promissory note for 46 ^ 1, ^ 2, 46 46 ^ 3, with the exception of the condition relating to the acceptance referred to in art. 46 ^. 3, producing all the effects that the law recognizes original promissory.
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Art. 105 ^ 1 was introduced by section 5 of art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 39 of 26 March 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 284 of 11 April 2008.


Article 106 Am applicable promissory, insofar as they are not incompatible with the nature of this title, relating to promissory note dispoziţiunile: collaboration (article 13-23);
maturity (art. 36-40);
payment (articles 41-46);
cambiala action or enforcement (art. 47), and regression in the case of non-payment (articles 48 to 55 and 57-65);
conscientious objection (art. 66-73);
interventiune payment (article 74 and 78-82);
copies (articles 83 and 86);
alterarile (art. 88);
prescripţiunea (art. 94);
legal holidays, terms and timing term due to ineligibility (95-98);
Subscribe by placing finger (art. 99) discourages action from enriching without cause (art. 65);
cancellation and replacement of title II (articles 89-93).
Are also applicable promissory dispoziţiunile concerning draft paid a third year or in a locality other than that of residence trasului (articles 4 and 30), the stipulatiunea of interest (article 5), differences in disclosure of the payment (article 6), the effects of a signature placed in rigid conditions referred to in article 1. 7, effects of a person's signature, which works without power of attorney or surpassing the authorization (art. 10), white-draft (art. 12).
Are also applicable promissory dispoziţiunile regarding downstream (33-35) in the case provided for in the last paragraph of art. 34 if the downstream doesn't look for anyone who has been given, he counts given for the issuer.


Article 107 the issuer of a promissory note is held in the same way as a acceptantul of bills.
Notes payable at a certain time, must be submitted to the views from the rock toward the visa issuer in the deadlines laid down in article 21. 26. the term dela dela flowing views date of endorsement by the issuer on the cover to order. Issuer's refusal to put the visa dated it is noticed by protest (art. 28), whose date serves as a starting point for the term dela.


Title III chapter I transitional provisions — — — — — — — — — — — — Art. 108 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
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Art. 109 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
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Art. 110 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.


Chapter II final provisions Article 111 of Law before the coming into force on June 1, 1934.


Article 112 from the day of entry into force of this Act are repealed all previous laws and dispoziţiunile, of the promissory note and ticket order.

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Art. 113 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
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Art. 114 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
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Art. 115 was repealed by article. II of ORDINANCE No. 11 of august 4, 1993, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 201 of 23 august 1993.
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