LAW No. 106 of 25 September 1996 the civil protection law published in PARLIAMENT ISSUING the OFFICIAL GAZETTE NR. 241 of 3 October 1996 the Romanian Parliament adopts this law.
Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 civil protection is a component of the national defence and includes all measures adopted and activities carried out in order to ensure protection of the population, of material goods, cultural values and environmental factors, in case of war or disaster.
Article 2 of the civil protection Tasks are: a) population prevention enemy attacks from the air, or disasters;
(b) the protection of the population against the effects of) weapons of mass destruction and conventional or disasters;
c) protect assets and cultural values;
d) limiting participation in actions and removal of enemy attacks or the aftermath of disasters;
the reclamation of the territory s) remaining ammunition neexplodata;
f) prepare the population in order to ensure such protection;
g) participation with specific strengths and assets in the preparation of the national economy and defence of its territory.
Civil protection activities are scheduled, organized and is carried out in accordance with existing regulations in documents relating to international humanitarian law to which Romania is a party.
Article 3 and organizational measures for civil protection, from peacetime, and intensify the proclamation of a State of siege, with the Declaration of emergency, mobilization or State of war.
Organization and coordination of activities for strengthening civil protection measures in emergency situations shall be decided by the Supreme Council of Defense of the country.
Article 4 ministries, central public administration authorities, local public administration bodies, public institutions and economic agents, regardless of their form of ownership, are responsible for the enforcement of civil protection measures laid down by this law, each in its field of activity.
Whenever the provisions of this law refers to counties, municipalities, cities and sectors, common means of local public administration authorities from that level.
Article 5 Romanian citizens have the right and obligation to participate in the preparatory work for the purpose of knowledge and application of the rules and the civil protection measures.
Article 6 measures to protect the population and material goods are organized in relation to the classification of the civil protection of communities, public administration authorities, public institutions and economic operators, established by technical regulations drawn up by the civil protection Headquarters.
Chapter 2 Organization of civil protection Article 7 civil protection is organised, from peacetime to ministries and other specialized bodies of central public administration in counties, townships, public institutions and economic agents, administrative-territorial principle and the workplace.
Article 8 organizational structure of civil protection includes: heads of civil protection, civil protection, boards, inspectorates, units, subunits and formations.
Structures referred to in paragraph 1. 1 are part of the protective forces and livestock are not included in the armed forces.
Article 9 the head of civil protection in Romania is the Prime Minister. It directs the work of civil protection through the National Defense Minister. General coordination of civil protection throughout the country and exercise control shall be performed by the civil protection Command that works as a specialized body of the Minister of national defence.
Civil protection headquarters comprise the County inspectorates, Bucharest city and of its sectors, units, subunits and military formations of the existing civil protection in time of peace or be completed and set up in the mobilization.
Article 10 Heads of civil protection from public authorities, public institutions and economic agents are their leaders. The heads of civil protection conduct the business of the specialty through civil protection inspectors.
Territorial plan, town halls, prefects (governors) and as heads of civil protection, lead, guide and control the civil protection measures to all localities, public institutions and economic agents in the respective administrative-territorial units.
Article 11 ministries, other specialized bodies of central public administration, cities, municipalities, public institutions and businesses with over 100 employees, is organized by the civil protection Commission headed by an inspector. They are organized and to public institutions and economic agents, who under 100 employees, which shall be determined by the civil protection authorities.
County civil protection inspectorates, Bucharest city and its sectors are decentralised public services Ministry of national defence from administrative-territorial units concerned. Organization, operation, and their structure is approved by the Minister of national defence, at the proposal of the Commander of civil protection Headquarters.
Article 12 ministries, other specialized bodies of central public administration, municipalities, towns, public institutions and businesses with more than 500 employees, as well as economic agents rank in terms of civil protection, are obliged to provide for the functions of the States and subject to civil protection inspectors, with the opinion of the Headquarters of civil protection, civil protection, the district labour inspectorates , Bucharest city and its sectors. The County residence municipalities, civil protection inspector falls with active specialist officer.
The municipalities, cities, towns, and businesses with more than 3,000 employees, for civil protection falls cleaners paid specialty unit, self said.
The municipalities, public institutions and businesses that are not covered in paragraph 1. 1, the function of civil protection inspector ensure overlapping of functions.
The Office of civil protection inspector is included in the trades.
Article 13 civil protection committees organised specialist at County, municipal governments and the sector. Their staff, in addition to the powers conferred according to the functions they occupy, and meets civil protection tasks. Civil protection committees be set up specialized on the following areas: communication, alarm, protection-roosting, unlock-antichimic, energy, medical, environmental, health, roads and bridges, Informatics, agriculture and food, logistics, transport and others.
Heads of specialized civil protection are part of the County Commission, respectively Bucharest, defense against disaster.
In order to maintain order and ensure security, the prevention and extinction of fire, in the circumstances provided for in this law, it will cooperate with specialized bodies of the Ministry of the Interior.
Article 14 subunits, Units, and formations of civil protection are established, from peacetime nuclear power plants at: electronic, chemical or other economic targets that constitute potential sources of risk nuclear, chemical or biological, in relation to their importance. Supplementing with conscripts, volunteers or military who satisfy the alternative military service is ensured by specialized structures of the Ministry of national defense. Units, subunits and civil protection units, shall be established and shall be completed in the mobilization, in relation to the plans drawn up for this purpose.
Article 15 the parties in civil protection intervention are specialized strengths that participate in limiting and relief from terrorist attacks, enemy or disaster.
Civil protection formations are organized at public authorities, public institutions and economic agents, with people without military obligations, as follows: a) to the central public administration authorities, with employees working in these establishments;
b) counties, municipalities, cities and sectors, with employees of public institutions from administrative-territorial units concerned;
c) in neighborhoods, streets and groups of blocks, with citizens who do not have the obligation to participate in actions of civil protection at the workplace;
d) common with the inhabitants of their territory;
It's public and institutions) businesses with over 100 employees, with staff.
Article 16 civil protection Formations may be established in relation to the needs of civil protection, on specialties: observation, communication, alarm, power protection-roosting unlock-rescue facilities, roads and bridges, and environmental protection antichimica, medical, veterinary, pyrotechnic, logistics, transport and others.
Article 17 Formations of civil protection falls with able-bodied persons, men aged from 18 to 60 years of age and women from 18 to 55 years of age, persons without military obligations and people with military obligations, deployed at work.
The leadership of the civil protection activities are carried out by the Headquarters of civil protection, through the network of points of order, which shall ensure, in time of peace, at the level of central public administration authorities, from the County, municipal, town, sectors, other important localities, as well as public institutions and economic agents.
CAP 3 preparations for civil protection article 19 preparing for civil protection to categories and functions. Plans, programs, forms and duration of the preparation shall be determined by the civil protection Headquarters and is approved by the head of Romania's civil protection.
To participate in preparation of civil protection, civil protection inspectorates heads, commissions, units and formations of the civil protection, health and voluntary formations of Red Cross, firemen, civil parties other formations, employees in public institutions and economic agents, students, pupils and other categories of citizens, as well as civilian personnel of the armed forces.
Article 20 Headquarters of civil protection and civil protection inspectorates, periodically organizes exercises and applications for civil protection and disaster response. This work forces and means of participate civil protection and disaster defense committees.
Article 21 Heads of civil protection, the staff of the inspectorate committees and formations, commanders, civil protection, once every 2-4 years or whenever necessary, preparatory courses, convocation or with phasing out production, with a duration of 5-25 working days, organized by civil protection Headquarters or for inspectorates of civil protection and of the municipality of Bucharest. These courses will be held at the Center to improve the preparation of civil protection personnel, and training centres in the field of civil protection area, and the municipality of Bucharest.
Article 22 students run preparing for civil protection through specific subjects contained in the educational programmes, established by the Headquarters of civil protection together with the Ministry of education.
Article 23 training in civil protection in the other organizational forms. 21, is binding and shall be carried out during or after the event, besides the work programme, in accordance with the judgment of the driver of the establishments whose employees are.
Chapter 4 protection of the population and material goods article 24 Prevention and protecting its population and material goods against the effects of conventional weapons, nuclear, chemical or biological disaster, ensure through a series of measures, from 16.00: reminder and alarm, evacuation, sheltering, antichimica and biological protection, concealment, camouflage and other specific technical and organizational measures.
Article 25 Notification of transmittal of the activity messages about the danger of air attacks, radioactive contamination, chemical or biological disasters, and of the public authorities and civil protection authorities, in order to avoid capturing, alarmarii, room and property protection materials.
Notice ensure Headquarters of civil protection and civil protection of the County inspectorates, Bucharest city and its sectors, on the basis of data received from the Aviation and Anti-aircraft Defence, the Navy, the major units and their subordinate units, as well as from other sources of information.
Article 26 is the activity through which the alert is to warn the population about imminent danger of attacks from the air, radioactive contamination, chemical, biological, and disasters in order to move immediately and in the application of measures of protection and intervention.
Article 27 Notification and alarm is achieved by means of special reminder and alarm system of telecommunications, radio and radiotelephone stations through through the studios and broadcasting stations and television, regardless of their form of ownership, and by other means.
Specific means of switchgear is installed in places determined by the civil protection authorities.
Article 28 in the case of an imminent air strike when it has not been declared a State of war, the first messages of the alarm and prealarma shall be sent with the approval of the Minister of national defence.
Article 29 in order to check the system for notification and alarm from settlements, public institutions and economic agents, regularly run public alarm exercises.
To alert the population, use of alarm in case of disasters is performed only with the approval of the heads of civil protection of the settlements, public institutions or businesses affected.
Article 30 In case of attacks or disasters is executed, based on evacuation plans drawn up for this purpose.
Article 31 for organizing and directing the actions of the Commission shall constitute the Central exhaust exhaust, led by Secretary-General of the Government, which includes the Secretaries of State and leaders of government authorities involved. The Commission shall constitute a permanent technical secretariat headed by the Commander of civil protection Headquarters.
The territory is constituted by the County Commission, Bucharest, for escape, led by subprefecţi, exhaust their Committees constitute the permanent technical secretariats, driven by civil protection inspectorates heads County and Bucharest city.
Principles of evacuation, structure, component, module and specific attributions of committees shall be determined by escape the judgment of the Government.
Switching to escape action execution during the war by the Supreme Defence Council, at the recommendation of the Minister of national defence.
Article 32 is carried out sheltering protection in order for protection of citizens against enemy attacks, the effects of disasters and ensure through specially constructed works as points of order and civil protection shelters, and in the basement of buildings and other spaces that can be entered for this purpose, according to the technical norms and instructions drawn up by the civil protection Headquarters.
Civil protection shelters can be public, of economic agents or individuals, according to the source of funding of the investment concerned. Civil protection shelters, in the administration of local public administration bodies, public shelters are operated by local councils.
Article 33 central public administration authorities and local public institutions, businesses, and property owners with housing, have the obligation to provide for new investment in the construction of buildings or expansions at existing civil protection shelters, according to the instructions and technical regulations approved by the Minister of national defence. Expenses for these works bear by the owners of the investment in question and may not exceed 5% of the value of construction-Assembly. The construction authorization shall be required, and the opinions of the civil protection Headquarters, County civil protection inspectorates or of Bucharest, as appropriate, which shall be issued under the conditions laid down in the instructions.
Fees incurred in the issuance of permits shall be established by agreement with the local Council, according to the law.
Article 34 the design, construction and fitting-out points of order and civil protection shelters shall be carried out on the basis of technical norms and instructions, approved by the head of civil protection, taking into account the importance of the settlements, the public institutions and economic agents.
Article 35 in times of peace, civil protection shelters can give in use for other needs, with the opinion of the Headquarters of civil protection, civil protection, the district labour inspectorates, Bucharest city and its sectors, as appropriate, is required to be maintained in the permanent operating state and release them, if necessary, within 24 hours.
Accommodation arranged as points of order may not receive another destination.
Article 36 the transition to building shelters and other housing spaces contained in the mobilization plans, together with their implementation.
Article 37 protection of the antichimica of the population represents the action of protecting citizens against radioactive contamination, chemical or biological, and ensure through special means of individual protection, collective and other technical and organizational measures, which shall be carried out in time of peace, with priority in nuclear risk areas, chemical or biological.
Businesses with sources of danger the biological, chemical or nuclear have a duty to assess periodically the risk zones, to prescribe measures for the prevention and protection needed to ensure public notification, alarm and protection of affected populations.
Chapter 5 limitation of relief and air attacks or disasters Article 38
The actions of limitation and removal of aftermath of attacks or disasters attending military units and formations of the existing civil protection in time of peace or that can mobilize in a short time, military units and formations of the Ministry of national defense and the Ministry of Interior, depending on their situation and assignments, formations of firefighters, health voluntary formations, formations, other employees students, students and other citizens who are out of work.
Article 39 the Organization, leadership, principles of use inspectorates, commissions, military units and formations of civil protection, in restriction and removal of follow-up attacks or disasters, as well as operative plans drawn up for this purpose shall be determined by regulations and instructions, drawn up by the civil protection Command and approved by the head of civil protection from Romania.
Article 40 Land Reclamation and neutralization of remaining unexploded munitions are run by specialists and specialized subunits Headquarters of civil protection and civil protection inspectorates or the District of Bucharest.
Article 41 the ministries, other central public administration authorities and local public institutions and businesses, and citizens who take the knowledge of the existence of unexploded munitions remaining are obliged to immediately inform the nearest police or civil protection Inspectorate to enforce the land reclamation works of the munitiile remaining unexploded ordnance.
Munitiile article 42 shall be destroyed in polygons of the Ministry of national defence or on land made available by the local public administration authorities, on whose administrative-territorial RADIUS run sanitation works. Land set for destruction of ammunition are decorated according to the instructions and specific technical rules, prepared by the headquarters of civil protection, with strict observance of environmental factors.
Local public administration authorities or, where appropriate, public institutions and businesses, which provide military subunitatii run munitiile land reclamation of remaining unexploded ordnance, access to land, mine auxiliary work, transportation, materials, health assistance, as well as lodging and feeding flocks needed sanitation works.
Article 43 the explosive Materials and the means of igniting the ammunition required for destruction of remaining unexploded ordnance shall make available, at the request of the specialists pyrotechnicists Headquarters of civil protection and civil protection inspectorates and the municipality of Bucharest, by the Ministry of national defense and the police, as appropriate. The counterpart of explosive materials and the means of igniting it supports the Ministry of national defense.
Chapter 6 the tasks of public administration bodies, public institutions, economic operators and citizens, to the achievement of civil protection measures section 1 Common Tasks of central public administration authorities and local public institutions and economic operators Article 44 local Government Authorities, public institutions and businesses are required to ensure the protection of the public, employees and assets in the event of disasters or in time of war in the end fulfil the following tasks: to organize and ensure staff) required for employment inspectorates, commissions and civil protection own formations, as well as its preparation on the basis of the civil protection plans prepared in peacetime;
b) organizes and executes effective and with its own technical means, limiting and relief from air attacks or disasters;
c) inform appropriate civil protection Headquarters of civil protection inspectorates, County, municipality of Bucharest and its sectors about overcoming quality values of environmental factors and the occurrence of disasters, as well as the entry into the country, transit through the territory of Romania or storage of toxic or radioactive substances;
d) establish methods and processes for the protection of the population;
e) ensure and realize, based on plans drawn up in times of peace, the necessary means and measures for notification, alarm, protecting and preparing the bodies, employees, the public, and the protection of communities and of material goods, in case of air attacks or disasters, according to the rules of civil protection Headquarters;
f) establish possibilities of use for roosting by using galleries, tunnels, mines and other underground constructions specific to their own activity, and the natural properties of the land and shall draw up technical documentation for arranging them as spaces of housing for civil protection in times of war or disaster relief;
g) ensure general plans with the premises, installations and construction of access to basements, on the construction which they put at the disposal of civil protection inspectorates, police and the fire service;
h) organize and ensure the evacuation of the population, employees, communities and of some material goods in special situations, in accordance with the plans drawn up for this purpose and in relation to the situation created;
I), based on themes connected with civil protection Headquarters Agreement, studies, research, documentation, projects and experiments, in order to improve and improvement measures and civil protection assets;
j) proposals regarding the classification of economic operators on the basis of criteria established by the civil protection Headquarters;
k) ensure necessary financial and material means the construction, modernization and maintenance of town and country planning, control points, shelters, reminder and alarm system, means of protection and intervention, and training, as well as other civil protection measures and subordinate units;
l) studying and determines how the use and adaptation of certain technical means and equipment for civil protection needs;
m) ensure technical and material endowment with the civil protection formations according to rules drawn up by the civil protection Headquarters;
n) organized and secure storage, preservation, maintenance and record-keeping facilities and materials intended for civil protection;
a) ensure learning materials and spaces needed in preparation for civil protection;
p) ensure implementation of the measures, such as masking and blinding light sources and caloric;
r) provide on a regular basis through print media and audio-visual facilities, training with local elementary notions of citizens on the main steps that they must take in the event of a disaster;
s) constitutes, in its defence in case of disasters, disaster Defense Commission, according to the law;
t) meet any other tasks relating to civil protection, in accordance with the law.
The Department for local public administration together with civil protection Command, coordinate implementation of civil protection measures at a local level and organizes preparation of categories of staff duties in the field of civil protection established by decision of the Government.
Section 2 of the Powers of the central public administration authorities, Article 45 of the National Defence Ministry in collaboration with the authorities of the central public administration specialist carries out civil protection measures, through the civil protection Headquarters, where purpose: to draw up regulations), instructions and rules on the organisation and use of endowment, inspectorates, commissions, units and formations of civil protection, enforcement missions and duties incumbent upon the public authorities , public institutions and economic agents;
b) organizes, directs and controls the preparation of civil protection of the personnel employed in civil protection, as well as the general public;
c) examines on a regular basis together with public authorities, to the completion stage of civil protection measures;
d) submit reports and proposals to the Supreme Council of Defense of the country, with regard to civil protection measures;
e) organizes and ensures the notification bodies from some authorities of central public administration, from counties and townships, about the danger of air attacks, radioactive contamination, chemical and biological properties, such as alarming the population; sets the alarm signals, disaster alarm, alarm and termination of chemical alarm;
f) ensure endowment with assets in times of peace and war to civil protection Headquarters, inspectorates, military units and subunits of civil protection, based on the rules established by the civil protection Headquarters;
g) leads and coordinates, through civil protection Headquarters of civil protection inspectorates, County, municipality of Bucharest and of its sectors, and limitation of actions represented the aftermath of attacks or disasters;
h) participate with the units and subunits of the structure on its own to control radioactive contamination, chemical or biological, as well as decontamination of the land, the population and material goods from affected areas;
I) check civil protection measures to subordinate formations and units;
j) ensure preparation of population and employees in matters of civil protection through the use of the mass media;
k) advises draft plans of insurance, financial and material, civil protection, public administration authorities;
l) supervise the work of surveillance and environmental radioactive chemical and implementation of measures for the protection of the population, has large communities of animals, goods, materials and natural flora and fauna;
m) through its specialized institutes participate in the carrying out of studies and research on implementation and application of civil protection measures;
n) establishes the degree of protection for the intended order of the Presidency, the Parliament and the Government of Romania and assure, through specialized bodies of civil protection of their State of readiness, with material and financial means made available by the recipient institutions;
plans and prepares a) theme of education for the preparation of military personnel from military units in the field of civil protection.
Article 46 State Office for special problems exercise the following powers: (a)) included in the plan of national economy mobilization Proposals for implementation of civil protection measures, developed and coordinated by the Headquarters of civil protection, based on the requests of public authorities and public institutions and economic agents;
b) seeks, together with civil protection Headquarters, how to make work in your current investment program for the protection of the population and material goods, and insurance measures material civil protection activities.
Article 47 the Ministry of Interior to exercise the following powers: to attend, with actual) and own assets, actions, evacuation of the population and material goods, limiting and relief of disasters or enemy attacks, as well as to other civil protection actions;
b) establishes measures for civil protection bodies and subordinated units and ensure their realization on the basis of this law, regulations and instructions;
c) organized and keep track of the population who are in situations of war are taking, as well as in the event of disasters;
d) remaining unexploded ordnance guard and developing land reclamation;
e) organizes specialized formations intervention for the prevention and extinction of fire, civil protection actions;
f) reorganized guarding systems from localities, establishes measures for securing public institutions and economic agents and check the functioning of important delegates;
g) controls, directs and leads the movement of vehicles and pedestrians, according to the situation created and participate in securing measures established at central and local level civil protection line;
h) participate in verification measures of blinding lights from localities, as well as means of transport.
Article 48 the Ministry of industries to exercise the following powers:) established by businesses that produce, process, store, use, handles or transports toxic industrial accident prevention measures, chemical risk areas, the degree of danger to workers, the population and animals, measures of intervention in the event of a chemical accident, methods, procedures and means of protection of employees, the public, animals, crops and goods;
b) cooperates, through civil protection Headquarters with the Ministry of national defense and other ministries concerned to determine the methods, procedures and means of concealment, protection, research, chemical decontamination, containment of radioactive substances and biological agents;
c) arrange, in time of peace and war, to the amount of: drugs, substances and preparations radioprotectoare and antidotes; substances and mixtures of chemical decontamination, radioactive and biological; materials and devices for the protection of the skin, respiratory and for withholding agents harmful to health;
d) provide stability and uninterrupted functioning of the national power system under conditions of war or disasters;
e) sets out areas for Hydro dams floodability study; secure reminder and alarm the population downstream;
f) provide, by contract, electricity supply of civil protection order;
g) coordinates, in special situations, the application by subordinate units of camouflage of public lighting;
h) determine and ensure all nuclear safety, for drawing up and implementing plans for civil protection intervention and nuclear electric power plants;
I) participate, with staff and specialized technique, the subordinate, the intervention for relief of disasters or attacks;
j) ensure, on the basis of contract, permanent operation, checking, maintenance and repair of electric sirens through the district branches, municipal and city.
Article 49 Ministry of agriculture and food to exercise the following powers: a) sets, along with the headquarters of civil protection, measures for the protection of animals, crops, cereals, animal feed, raw materials and agri-food products and ensure their implementation during wartime or disasters;
b use rules) determines soil, animal and vegetable products, raw materials, foodstuffs contaminated, depending on the nature and extent of contamination;
c) provide equipment and personnel for the control of radioactive contamination, chemical or biological properties of the soil, crops, raw materials and foodstuffs;
d) ensure stocks and Biologicals for veterinary carrying out actions and plant protection;
e) participate in actions for decontamination of animals, raw materials, of foodstuffs and other goods from agricultural enterprises with majority state capital or private power industry, using technical staff and subordinate units.
Article 50 Ministry of health exercise the following powers: (a) coordinate and provide assistance) medical sanitary during wartime or disasters;
b) ensure control of radioactive, chemical and biological environment, and food to the population; aims and ensure strict observance of the norms and sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic;
c) issues, with the agreement of the Ministry of national defence, instructions on the Organization and operation of the Endowment, medical-sanitary formations intended for emergency medical assistance to victims from reaching the population in time of war or disasters;
d) check along with the headquarters of civil protection, through training and exercises, preparing for the intervention of medical-sanitary and ensure, together with the County and local councils, technical-material base;
(e) ensure necessary stocks for) equipping health units with the necessary investigations in the event of radioactive contamination, chemical, and biological methods and supply the necessary quantities of medical equipment and instrumentation, blood and saliva substitutes, drugs, Biologicals and other means necessary to grant medical assistance;
f) organize training of health issues specific to medical assistance in time of war or disaster.
Article 51 Ministry of transportation exercise the following powers: a) sets, along with the headquarters of civil protection, collective protection measures for travellers staying in railway stations, subway, bus stations, airports, ports and locks and ensure, by economic operators, civil protection measures on them, according to the international regulations to which Romania is a party;
b) determined on the basis of a common plan with the Ministry of health and public administration authorities, the necessary means of transport to be provided by operators in the sector, in the case of evacuation, intervention and transport the wounded;
c) participate with own sanitary units, together with the emergency services of the Ministry of health, on the basis of a joint plan, the emergency medical assistance to the victims of the range of responsibility;
d) fixes and ensure, together with the Ministry of national defense and the Ministry of health, the technical means necessary for the control of radioactive and chemical contamination and decontamination operations in the means of transport in the area of responsibility;
e) execute civil protection works at Metro, financed from the State budget, and ensure the operation and maintenance of them.
Article 52 the Ministry of public works and town and country planning exercise the following powers: a) participate, along with the Ministry of national defense, the drafting instructions for the design and execution of the order, civil protection shelters, as well as ways of access to them;
b) develops variations of using the funds for the intervention of vital importance, damaged, in order to restore their capacity;
c) pursues peace in advance of development objectives and preparation of the territory intended for the protection of the population and material goods in time of war or disaster.
Article 53 the Ministry of communications to exercise the following duties;
to execute studies and research), in collaboration with civil protection Headquarters, for the development and modernization of means of communication, notification and alarm systems for civil protection;
b) execute with priority the installation, verification, maintenance and repair of means of communication for civil protection, on the basis of contracts concluded with beneficiaries;
c) provide stability permanent officials of Central and local stations radio and tv and other telecommunication means, for the purposes of notification and alarmarii population, declaring State of war mobilization, and in cases of disasters, as well as the connections necessary for civil protection measures.
Article 54 the Ministry of education, exercise the following powers: to establish and secure) for peace, together with public authorities, measures concerning the organisation and functioning of the education of all grades, in time of war;
b) shall draw up together with civil protection Headquarters plan and educational theme for preparation of pupils and students in the field of civil protection; ensure staff and teaching material required for these activities.
Article 55 of the Broadcasting Council, in exercise of his powers by law, sets out binding rules concerning the provision of information: a) population with regard to knowledge and civil protection measures;
b) transmission of signals to prevent population about the danger of attack from the air of radioactive contamination, chemical or biological agents and other releases on the implementation of civil protection measures.
Article 56 the Ministry of waters, Forests and environmental protection exercise the following powers: (a)), meteorological supervision execute hydrologic, radioactive contamination, chemical and biological and environmental factors;
b) establishes risk areas in case of floods and other hydro-meteorological events and dangerous;
c) provide notice of the local bodies, civil protection, civil protection, command and alarming the population downstream of dams or other hydro-technical works;
d) methods and procedures for decontaminating water and other environmental factors, as well as rules for permissible use of contaminated water;
e) lay the Endowment, ensure, with the necessary equipment and materials, network control and monitoring of contamination of environmental factors and training of staff of subordinates.
Article 57 National Red Cross Society from Romania to exercise the following powers: to organize, employment) and operation of the detasamentelor sanitary and first aid stations, and preparation of Red Cross Sisters through Red Cross branches, sectors and regions of the municipality of Bucharest, with a view to their participation in the action of granting aid to the victims of the first, and to apply the rules of collective hygiene in case of war or disaster;
b) participate in the realisation of sanitary measures, evacuation of the population, as well as assisting responds;
c) participate in the preparation of the population through health, courses for first aid in case of war or disaster.
Section 3 of the specific Powers of the local Government Article 58 local Council exercise the following powers: (a) approve the organisational structure) of the local civil protection;
(b) allocate funds to eşalonează) and the civil protection, together with the approval of local budget;
c) manages, store, maintain and conserve technique, equipment and materials for civil protection;
(d) approve procedures for notification) and the civil protection alert in the village, as well as measures to protect individual and collective population, communities and estates;
e approve measures) shall be proposed by the head of civil protection for disaster or attacks from the air.
Article 59 the following duties: Mayor of exercise) leads the subordinate work Inspectorate of civil protection at the local level;
b) propose to the Council the local organizational structure of civil protection;
c) called depending on the advice of the County Inspectorate for civil protection, the municipality of Bucharest or of its sectors, head of civil protection Inspectorate; determines the seat of civil protection Inspectorate and the place of the order;
d) draft budget provided for local funds necessary for investment works to equip shelters and command points, inzestrarii with the technique and materials of civil protection formations, and those necessary to achieve other civil protection measures;
e operational plans) and approves the preparation of civil protection and local measures to propose to the Council the proper functioning of the system of notification and alarm systems, maintenance of Housing Fund and the civil protection materials;
(f) take measures to prevent) and limitation of disasters relief, disasters, fires, epidemics or epizootic diseases, together with the specialized bodies of the State. To this end it can mobilize and population, economic agents and public institutions, which are obliged to execute the measures provided;
g) participate in the preparation, convocation exercises, applications and other civil protection activities organized according to law;
h) ensure compliance with the measures laid down in the civil protection Chief County civil protection;
I shall regularly inform) analyzes and City Council about the progress of the completion of the civil protection activities.
Article 60 of the County Council and the General Council of Bucharest, through specialized services subordinate, exercise the following powers: (a) ensure the allocation, together) with the General Directorate of public finance and financial control of the County and State of Bucharest, funds to enable ongoing investments, and endowment to civil protection activities, based on the draft budget of each administrative-territorial units;
b) manage, store, maintain and preserve the art, equipment and materials for civil protection and secure storage spaces for the necessary materials to disasters;
c) make available to the Civil Protection Inspectorate of Bucharest city, County and its sectors, as well as civil protection organized formations, logistics, equipment and materials for training and civil protection intervention;
d) ensure premises, guarding, fire prevention and safety of materials, of order and of the location of the County civil protection inspectorates, Bucharest city and its sectors.
Article 61 the prefect to exercise the following powers: ensuring compliance with controls) of the law of civil protection, through the Civil Protection Inspectorate to all local public administration authorities, public institutions and the operators on the administrative-territorial RADIUS;
b) proposes the organizational structure, operational plans and preparation for civil protection, drawn up by the Civil Protection Inspectorate;
c) approve and execution of design applications, alarm exercises and other training activities conducted by the Inspectorate of civil protection;
d) respond, under the conditions established by law, to comply with measures for the removal of enemy attacks and aftermath of disasters;
(e) give the administrative Commission) draft decisions regarding the completion of the system of notification and alert the population, Housing Fund, the material base and other measures to protect the population and material goods;
f) is responsible for the preparation, protection and alarming the population from nuclear risk areas, chemical, biological, or downstream of hydro dams;
g) approve the list of economic agents, public institutions in the County, the municipality of Bucharest, which provide civil protection component of the territorial-administrative level.
Section 4 specific Tasks of public institutions and economic operators Article 62 public institutions and businesses that produce, process, store, use, handles or transports toxic substances, radioactive substances or biological products, as well as the owners of hydro dams, exercise the following powers: to) establish measures for the prevention of accidents, risk areas and the degree of danger for the population and the environment protective measures and intervention and ensure equipment and specialized technical assistance in the affected areas;
b) establish measures and civil protection workers and material goods; leading directly to the actions of intervention;
c) shall inform the appropriate civil protection inspectorates, County of the municipality of Bucharest and of the sectors in the country about its entry, transit or storage of toxic or radioactive substances;
d) organizes and executes the control of radioactive contamination, chemical and biological properties of raw materials and finished products and carries out measures for decontamination of personnel, land, buildings and machinery;
e) organizes and ensures participation in the preparation of civil protection of the personnel employed in the Committee of civil protection formations and employees;
(f) notify the persons and bodies) involved in the production of the disaster about the danger area.
Article 63 the Central Public Administration Authorities and local public institutions and businesses will take steps to ensure the allocation of the necessary premises and civil protection activities.
Section 6 obligations and rights of citizens for civil protection measures in article 64 For civil protection measures citizens have the following obligations: a) to participate in the preparation of civil protection, with the aim of understanding the necessary knowledge and skills infaptuirii this activity;
b) abide by the rules and safeguards against weapons of distructivi destruction in ai, ai conventional weapons, incendiary means, and disasters;
c) to accomplish and to engage in collective interest or roosts to fit spaces of buildings housing times on land ownership, according to the law;
d) to secure the individual protection means, first aid kit, food supply, water and other materials necessary to ensure and to participate in the execution of actions;
e) to participate in actions of limitation and removal of enemy attacks, relief from locating and disaster relief;
(f) carry out all measures) was established by the civil protection bodies.
Article 65 Citizens participating in the civil protection actions have the following rights: a) enjoy free medical assistance, prescription drugs, hospital care and pension for accidents or illnesses that have occurred during training sessions or participation in actions of civil protection intervention;
b) ensure their means of transport and protection during the preparation for, or conduct of civil protection intervention;
c) enjoy free food and accommodation during the participation in the actions of limitation and removal of the effects of enemy attacks or disasters;
d) can be compensated, by awarding diplomas, badges, insignias or other money or material goods, where it highlights within the civil protection actions.
Chapter 7 Securing financial and material civil protection Article 66 Endowment and endowment with assets in times of peace and war to civil protection Command, sub-units and the County inspectorates, military civil protection units ensure the Ministry of national defense on the basis of rules approved by the head of the Government Emergency Ordinance Nr.77/2009 of civil protection from Romania.
Article 67 endowment with assets of inspectorates, commissions, civil protection formations, command points and, in times of peace and war, is carried out according to the rules of the Government Emergency Ordinance Nr.77/2009 drawn up by the civil protection Headquarters.
Article 68 the Coordination technique and specific materials civil protection service is run by the Headquarters of civil protection, on the basis of proposals from the public authorities and public institutions, as well as to the economic operators.
Contracting and procurement of goods materials ensure that each beneficiary, for payment. Technical and other necessary material civil protection may be secured through sponsorships and requisitions and, according to the law.
Article 69 bodies and public authorities, public institutions and economic agents have an obligation to meet the orders of materials and technique necessary for civil protection, and within the time limits laid down in the contracts, and in times of peace, as a priority, in time of war.
Article 70 financing of investment and development objectives at the national level, civil protection, ensure State budget funds set out in chapter "civil protection Expenditure".
Investment and development objectives are established by the Government, at the proposal of the civil protection Headquarters.
Article 71 money Funds for the establishment and conduct of civil protection at the national level, the County, municipality of Bucharest and of its sectors, cities and municipalities shall ensure from the State budget and local budgets, as appropriate, from the "civil protection Expenditure", and other legally established funds based on endowment and spending plans drawn up and approved for this purpose and funds. objectives proposed money endorsed by the Commander of civil protection in order to agree with strategy development programs in the territory.
Foundation plan figures shall be carried out in agreement with civil protection committees, who watch and control how spending the funds allocated.
Article 72 money Funds necessary for civil protection measures at public institutions and economic agents to ensure budget and its own resources or from other legally established funds.
Article 73 educational materials necessary for civil protection as: diafilme, drawings, manuals, brochures, leaflets and the like shall be carried out and shall ensure that, for a fee, by the Ministry of national defense and public administration authorities must be promulgated, public institutions and economic agents.
Public authorities, public institutions and economic agents with the agreement of civil protection Headquarters, civil protection inspectorates can achieve popularization materials civil protection service, radio and television, as well as other activities.
Materials for marking, required preparation through the applications and exercises, ensure, without pay, by the Ministry of national defense.
Article 74 during the civil protection training courses or convocarilor with removal from production, to the exercises, applications and other forms of civil protection training, participants receive salary, pecuniary rights transport and accommodation units in which they are employed, according to the legislation in force and the provisions of the collective labour contract.
Article 75 of the labour inspectorates, Staff committees and civil protection formations during the application or intervention, training activities, wears uniform with the insignia of civil protection, and counter value is supports uniforms public authorities, public institutions and businesses. Pattern uniforms and port them shall be determined by instructions approved by the Ministry of national defense. Vehicles intended for the protection of the distinctive insignias and civilian gate is equipped with technical means necessary for links and warning.
Article 76 the storage, maintenance, repair and record of civil protection assets, as well as the duration of their use shall be established according to the technical regulations drawn up by the civil protection Headquarters.
Article 77 of the civil protection Headquarters of civil protection and the County inspectorates, Bucharest city and its sectors keep track of statistics of goods from endowing the formations of civil protection and control, quality, maintenance and condition their use.
Chapter 78 Article 8 Sanctions Constitute contraventions and sanctions the following facts, if they are not committed in such circumstances that, according to the criminal law, constitute offenses: a) the refusal to organise, inzestra and train formations of civil protection, in accordance with art. 44 para. and (b). a), k)) and o); art. 58 lit. a); art. 59 lit. b), d), (e)), g); art. 60 lit. a), c), (d)); art. 61 lit. b) and (g)); art. 62 lit. (e)) and art. 69;
b legal authorities) not announcing about the disaster, according to art. 37 para. 2; art. 44 para. and (b). c); art. 48 lit e); art. 56 lit. (c)) and art. 62 lit. c) and (f));
c) not announcing immediately of the discovery of the remaining unexploded munitions and failure to provide sanitation conditions and destruction of ammunition by the specialist units, according to art. and article 41. 42;
d) usage and transmission systems-alarm, technique, equipment, materials and civil protection equipment for purposes other than those for which they are intended; damage and failure to maintain a permanent state of the operation, in accordance with art. 29 para. 2; art. 35 and article. 53 lit. b);
(e) means of communication) neintretinerea alarm control points and roosting areas, as well as civil protection equipment intended, pursuant to article 5. 48 lit. (j)); art. 53 lit. c); art. 58 lit. c) art. 60 lit. (b)) and art. 64 lit. c);
f) refusal to carry out preventive measures and protection of people, the environment and material goods, to participate in the preparation of civil protection or intervention actions, according to art. 21; art. 48 lit. ) and i); art. 49 lit. a), c), (d) and (e))); art. 50 lit. b) and (e)); art. 51 lit. ) and (e)); art. 59 lit. f); art. 61 lit. f); art. 62 lit. (d)) and art. 64 lit. ) and (e));
g) neintocmirea documents operative planning, organization, management, and Government Emergency Ordinance Nr.77/2009 specific to civil protection, in accordance with art. 39; art. 44 para. and (b). e), g) and (h)) and art. 62 lit. b);
h) prevent, in any form of control bodies to exercise their powers in accordance with art. 10;
I) authorization for civil engineering, without the opinion of the military organs provided for in the law, in accordance with art. 33. Article 79 Offences under article 4. 78 shall be imposed as follows: (a)) with fine of 500,000 to 1,000,000 lei lei, the offences mentioned in article 1. 78 lit. c), g) and (h));
b) fine from 1,000,000 to 2,000,000 lei lei, the offences mentioned in article 1. 78 lit. ) and i);
c) fine from 2,000,000 to 3,000,000 lei lei, the offences mentioned in article 1. 78 lit. b) and d);
d) fine from 3,000,000 lei lei to 4,000,000 offences referred to in articles. 78 lit. e);
e) with fine of 5,000,000 lei lei to 4,000,000, offences referred to in articles. 78 lit. f);
Article 80 Finding contraventions and penalties shall be made by the head of civil protection from public administration authorities, as well as by persons with powers of inspection, authorized by the Commander of civil protection Headquarters.
Article 81 Against the minutes of evaluation and the application of the penalty, the offender may make complaint to the Court within 15 days of receipt.
Article 82 of this law contraventions Regime shall be completed and shall be updated accordingly with the provisions of law No. 32/68 on the establishment and sanctioning violations.
Chapter 9 final provisions Article 83 on the date of entry into force of the present law shall repeal the law. 2/1978 on civil defense in the Socialist Republic of Romania, published in Official Gazette No. 24 of 27 March 1978, Decree nr. 430/78 concerning measures for civil defence, published in Official Gazette No. 103 of 15 November 1978, Government decision No. 531/1992 on the implementation of civil protection measures, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, no. 233 of 22 September 1992, as well as any other provisions to the contrary.
This law was adopted by the Chamber of deputies at its meeting of 10 September 1996, in compliance with the provisions of art. 74 para. (2) of the Constitution of Romania.
p. CHAMBER of DEPUTIES PRESIDENT MARTIAN DAN this law was adopted by the Senate at its meeting of 10 September 1996, in compliance with the provisions of art. 74 para. (2) of the Constitution of Romania.
SENATE PRESIDENT Prof. Dr. O'LEARY GHERMAN — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —