Law No. 4 Of 11 January 1991 On The Conclusion And Ratification Of Treaties

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 4 din 11 ianuarie 1991 privind încheierea şi ratificarea tratatelor

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LAW No. 4 of 11 January 1991 on the conclusion and ratification of the treaties published in PARLIAMENT ISSUING the OFFICIAL GAZETTE NR. 5 of 12 January 1991, the Romanian Parliament adopts this law.


Article 1 the President of Romania shall represent the State in international relations and, in this capacity, conclude treaties on behalf of Romania or can give powers to that end, Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, other members of the Government or of some Romanian diplomatic representatives.
Based on data of Romanian President empowerment, Government is taking steps to initiate and negotiate international treaties that are concluded on behalf of Romania.


Article 2 the Government can negotiate and sign agreements, conventions and other international agreements at the governmental level. He approve the conclusion of agreements, conventions and other agreements at the departmental level.


Article 3 the negotiation and signing of international treaties concluded on behalf of Romania shall be made on the basis of empowerment by the President, by the delegations approved of it.
The negotiation and signing of agreements, conventions and other international agreements at the level of Government or departmental level shall be made on the basis of the authorisation shall be received by the delegations approved for that purpose.


Article 4 international treaties signed on behalf of Romania, as well as agreements, conventions and agreements signed at the level of the Romanian Government, which refers to the policy and military collaboration, the ones that make it necessary to adopt new laws or reviewing laws, and those that involve a political commitment or financial times refers to matters of political and territorial arrangements of the State or status of persons citizens ' rights and freedoms, or participating in international organizations, as well as those which provide express it, is subjected to the Parliament for ratification.
The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2. 1 with regard to ratification by the Parliament shall also apply for joining the international treaties referred to in this paragraph.
Denouncing international treaties referred to in paragraph 1. 1 and 2 follow the same procedure.


Article 5 the agreements, conventions and other international agreements which, by their subject, should not be included in the article. 4, are a matter for the Government. After negotiating and signing they will be subject to its approval.
The Government shall inform the President and the Parliament about any agreement, Convention or other international agreements concluded and which should not be subject to ratification.


Article 6 Agreements and agreements in simplified form, completed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs through an exchange of notes or letters, can come into force from the date of his, without being subject to ratification or approval.
The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2. 1 shall not apply to agreements, international conventions and agreements, in accordance with article 11. 4. calls for the adoption of a law.


Article 7 the initiation, negotiation and signing of treaties, agreements, conventions and other international agreements on behalf of the Romanian Government, or shall be made, with due regard for the provisions of article 3. 3, by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They can be made by ministries and central bodies that have received powers and powers in this respect, in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through which the Government body specialised ensure coordination and uniform policy in this area.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs presents the Government alone or, if necessary, together with other ministries, proposals with respect to signature, ratification, approval of treaties, agreements, conventions and other agreements or adhering to these times for denouncing them.


Article 8 powers of Attorney for signing treaties, agreements, conventions and other agreements with governmental nature shall be recorded in the deplinele powers, which shall be issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, being signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, according to international rules and practice.
The Romanian President, Prime Minister of the Government and Minister of Foreign Affairs can negotiate and sign treaties, agreements, conventions and other international agreements, without full powers.


Article 9 ratification or accession, denunciation of treaties concluded respectively on behalf of Romania, shall be recorded in the instruments of ratification or accession, denunciation, signed by the President of Romania, invested with the seal of State and countersigned by the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The tools mentioned above are to be exchanged between the parties or to the depositary in accordance with the rules of international law and international practice.
Approval of agreements, conventions and agreements concluded at the level of Government shall notify the other Contracting Party or to the depositary, diplomatically.


Article 10 the Government take the necessary measures for the implementation of treaties, agreements, conventions and other international agreements and controls the manner in which they are carried out.
The Government regularly inform the Romanian President and Parliament in connection with the issues that they raise the application of treaties, agreements, conventions and other international agreements, in order to solve the stock, in full accordance with the principles of international law and the interests of the party.


Article 11 Laws on ratification of international treaties and decisions for approval of agreements, conventions and other international agreements, and the texts thereof, shall be published in the Official Gazette.
Parliament and the Government may decide that certain treaties, agreements, conventions or other international agreements should not be published.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs ensure publication in the Official Gazette of the data and information on the life of the main treaties, agreements, conventions and other international agreements to which Romania participates, as well as their registration at the United Nations.
This law was adopted by the Senate at its meeting on 4 January 1991.
Academic SENATE PRESIDENT ALEXANDRU BÂRLĂDEANU this law was adopted by the Assembly of deputies at its meeting on 8 January 1991.
The PRESIDENT of the ASSEMBLY of DEPUTIES MARTIAN D under article 13. 82 lit. m) of Decree-Law No. 92/1990 to elect the Parliament and President, promulgăm law on the conclusion and ratification of treaties and we have its publication in the Official Gazette of Romania.
ROMANIAN PRESIDENT ION ILIESCU