Law No. 26 From 5 November 1990 Concerning The Commercial Register

Original Language Title:  LEGEA nr. 26 din 5 noiembrie 1990 privind registrul comerţului

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Law No. 26 of November 5, 1990 (republished * *) (* updated *) on the commercial register (updated July 7, 2017 *)-PARLIAMENT ISSUING — — — — —-*) Republished pursuant to art. IV of law No. 12 of 8 January 1998, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, no. 15 of 19 January 1998, posing a new numbered items.
Law No. 26/1990 was published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, no. 121 of 7 November 1990.


Chapter I General provisions Article 1 (1) prior to the start of economic activity, have the obligation to require registration or, where appropriate, the registration in the commercial register the following persons or entities: freelancers, businesses and family enterprises, companies, national companies and national firms, autonomous administrations, economic interest groups, cooperative societies, cooperative organizations, European societies, European cooperative societies and European economic interest groupings with main office in Romania as well as other individuals and legal entities as provided by law.
  

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Alin. (1) of article 1. 1 was modified by art. 11, Section 3, chapter II. II of law No. 71 in June 2011, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 409 of 10 June 2011.
(1 ^ 1) The documents submitted in support of applications for registration as referred to in paragraph 1. (1) shall be written in Romanian language.
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Alin. (1 ^ 1), art. 1 was introduced by section 1 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.
(1 ^ 2) Merchants may require and publicity laws under paragraph 1. (1) certified in one of the official languages of the Member States of the European Union.
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Alin. (1 ^ 2) of art. 1 was introduced by section 1 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.
(1 ^ 3) The national trade register Office provides access to the copies referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2. (1 ^ 2), under the same conditions as the Romanian-language acts.
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Alin. (1 ^ 3) of art. 1 was introduced by section 1 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.
(1 ^ 4) In case of discrepancy between the Romanian-Language Act and certified translation for which the advertising company does not oppose third parties translated text; they can, however, oppose translation certified company, unless the company proves that they had knowledge of the original version, published in accordance with the law.
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Alin. (1 ^ 4) art. 1 was introduced by section 1 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(2) in the exercise of their activity or at its termination, the persons or bodies referred to in paragraph 1. (1) have the obligation to require the same registry of deeds documents and particulars relating to the registration of which is provided for in law.
  

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Alin. (2) of article 9. 1 was modified by art. 11, Section 3, chapter II. II of law No. 71 in June 2011, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 409 of 10 June 2011.
(2 ^ 1) According to this law, by registration means the registration of both the merchant and the inclusion of entries, and other operations which, according to the law, it is mentioned in the commercial register.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2 ^ 1), art. 1 was introduced by section 2 of art. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(3) the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2. (1) shall not apply to farmers who craftsman and undoing his own household products.
  


Article 2 (1) the commercial register shall be kept by the trade register Office in each county and in Bucharest, under the provisions of cap. II of this law.
  

(2) the central registry of trade is related to the national trade register Office, public institution with legal personality, financed entirely from its own revenue, organized under the Ministry of Justice.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 2 was amended by section 1 of article. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 129 of 10 October 2002, published in Official Gazette No. 746 of 11 October 2002.


Article 2 ^ 1 (1) the central registry of Commerce, held by the national trade register, and records kept by trade trade register offices of the courts are part of the interconnection system of trade registers in the Member States of the European Union, hereinafter referred to as the system of interconnection of registers on trade.
  

(2) interconnection System registers trade consists of trade registers in the Member States of the European Union and Central European platform. At european level, electronic access point to the system interconnect is the european e-Justice Portal. Nationally, the access point of interconnection of registers on trade is a central register of trade, held by the national trade register Office.
  

(3) the interconnection of registers trade, central register of trade makes available public documents and information relating to registered professionals in the commercial register.
  

(4) the following information shall be entered in the commercial register are available, free of charge, through the interconnection of registers on trade, on the website of the national trade register Office or at the portal of on-line services thereof: (a) the name and legal form) of a person registered in the commercial register;
  

b) registered office/professional person registered in the commercial register and the Member State in which it is registered;
  

c) serial number of the person from the register of Commerce registered/recorded, Europe-wide unique identifier (EUID) and registration tax code;
  

d status.)
  

(5) the trade registry office, through the interconnection of registers on trade, with the title free, exchanging documents and information with the trade of the Member States ' registers of EU cross-border merger operations and branches set up by companies based in the EU Member States.
  

(6) the national trade register Office ensures the interoperability of central Registry of trade and territorial trade registers with the interconnection of registers, documents and information are available in the standard format message and being accessible by electronic means, in compliance with security standards for data transmission and sharing, in accordance with the law.
  

(7) the national trade register Office can provide, through the central registry of Commerce, optional access points to the interconnection of registers on trade. Establishment of optional access points are approved by order of the Minister of Justice. "
  

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Art. 2 ^ 1 was introduced by section 1 of article. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.


Article 3 (1) at sky Traders trade registry office in the county or municipality of Bucharest, where he has his headquarters.
  

(2) the application for registration/registration of particulars and documents annexed thereto in electronic form, having incorporated, attached to or logically associated with the electronic signature, can be sent by e-mail.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 3 was introduced by section 2 of art. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(3) where an application for registration is submitted to the registration under the provisions of paragraph 1. (2) the conclusion of the judge-delegate shall be communicated electronically, notification was considered to be the date on which it becomes available to the recipient, as well as on paper.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 3 was introduced by section 2 of art. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.


Article 4 (1) the register is public.
  

(2) the trade registry office shall issue, at the expense of the person who made the request, certified copies of records made in the register and presented papers, as well as information about data registered in the commercial register and the certificates of certification that a particular act is or is not actually registered.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 4 was amended by section 3 of article 9. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(3) the acts referred to in paragraph 1. (2) can be requested and issued and correspondence.
  

(4) the documents referred to in paragraph 1. (2) in electronic form, having incorporated, attached to or logically associated with the electronic signature, can be requested and delivered by electronic means, through the portal of online services of the national trade register Office, as well as through single point of contact system (PCU), in accordance with the provisions of Government Emergency Ordinance nr. 49/2009 concerning the freedom of establishment of service providers and the freedom to provide services in Romania, approved with amendments and completions by law No. 68/2010.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (4) article. 4 was amended by paragraph 2 of article 9. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.


(5) fees for the issue of children and/or information, regardless of the method of supply, shall not exceed the administrative costs of their release.)
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (5) article. 4 was introduced by paragraph 4 of art. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.


Article 4 ^ 1 (1) electronic Copies of the documents and information referred to in article 1. 4 shall be made available to the public and through the interconnection of registers on trade at the expense of the applicant.
  

(2) the amount of the tariff charged for providing copies and/or information from the commercial register through the interconnection of registers on trade shall not exceed the administrative costs associated with them.
  

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Art. 4 ^ 1 was introduced by point 3 of article 1. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.


Article 5 (1) the registration particulars may be relied on as against third parties and of the date of their stay in the commercial register of the time of their publication in the Official Gazette of Romania, part IV, or in other publications, where the law so provides.
  

(2) a person who is obliged to request a registration may not oppose third parties registered deeds, acts of the time except when in proving that they were known by them.
  

3. the national trade register Office shall publish on its website and portal of on-line services and forward for publication on european e-Justice portal updated information on national legislation regarding advertising and vis third parties of acts, facts and particulars of the persons subject to the obligation of registration in the commercial register.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 5 was introduced by paragraph 4 of art. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.


Article 6 (1) Records in the commercial register shall be made on the basis of a conclusion of the judge or delegate, as appropriate, of an irrevocable court decision, except in cases where the law provides otherwise.
  

(1 ^ 1) Judge-delegate referred to the first to record in the commercial register has the particulars relating to the merger, the Division or change of the registered office of a legal person into another county will rule through the same conclusion, and the registration of legal persons thus established, scrapping those which terminate the existence of the registration in the commercial register of the time of the incorporation of juridical persons that acquire a portion of the assets of the legal person being divided where appropriate, as well as the registration and deletion of legal persons which changes its registered office in another county.
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Alin. (1 ^ 1), art. 6 was introduced by section 1 of article. The EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 52 of 21 April 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 333 from 30 April 2008.

(2) the judge's Decisions regarding registration or delegate to any other records in the commercial register shall be enforceable by law and are not subject to appeal.
  

(3) the time limit for appeal is 15 days and shall run from the date when the closure of the parties and the date of publication of the notice of conclusion or modifier of Association in the Official Gazette of Romania, part IV for any other interested persons.
  

(4) the appeal shall be filed and mentioned in the commercial register where the registration has been made. Within 3 days from the date of filing, the Office shall submit the appeal to the trade register of the Court of appeal in whose territory is situated the registered office or place of residence of the trader and in the case of branches established in another county, the Court of appeal in the branch is situated.
  

(5) the reasons for the appeal may be lodged with the Court at least two days ahead of schedule.
  

(6) if the admission of the appeal, the decision of the Court of appeal will be referred to in the commercial register.
  

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Art. 6 was amended by section 3 of article 9. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 6 ^ 1 (1) Judge-delegate to the trade Registry Office competent to verify compliance with the acts and formalities of the merger, where the establishment by merger of a company or European cooperative society participates in a commercial company or a cooperative society-Romanian legal person, as well as in the case of cross-border merger involving a company of Romanian nationality or a European company based in Romania.
  

(2) the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2. (1) shall apply correspondingly in case of transfer of the registered office of a European company or European cooperative society from Romania in another Member State.
  

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Art. 6 ^ 1 was introduced by section 2 of art. The EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 52 of 21 April 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 333 from 30 April 2008.


Article 7 (1), the courts are bound to send trade register Office within 15 days of the date when remained irrevocable, copies from irrevocable decisions relate to acts, facts and particulars whose registration in the commercial register a feature required by law.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1) of article 1. 7 was amended by paragraph 4 of art. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(2) in these decisions, the courts decision will provide recordkeeping in the commercial register.
  


Article 8 (1) control of legality of operations carried out by the Office of the trade register is made by one of the judges of the County Court, respectively, of the municipality of Bucharest, the annual delegate President of the Court.
  

(2) the judge delegate will control the operations of the trade register at least once a month.
  

(3) oversight of the judge delegate do not exempt from liability to the Office staff that conducts and executes the trade register transactions for compliance with the law on data entered.
  

(4) proceedings of the graft, the secretariat and the archive of the delegated judge shall ensure that the staff of the Office of the register of Commerce.
  


Chapter II trade registry office in article 9 (1) trade register Offices are organized under the national trade register Office and works within each courthouse.
  

(2) Repealed.
  

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Alin. (2) of article 9. 9 it was repealed by section 2 of article in law No. 505 of 26 November 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 857 of 3 December 2003.

(3) trade register Offices referred to in paragraph 1. (1) shall notify the trade register Office registration or any statement made in a period not exceeding 15 days.
  

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Alin. (3) art. 9 has been modified by point 3 of article in law No. 505 of 26 November 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 857 of 3 December 2003.
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Art. 9 was amended by paragraph 2 of article 9. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 129 of 10 October 2002, published in Official Gazette No. 746 of 11 October 2002.


Article 10 (1) the maximum number of items in the national trade register Office and trade register offices of the courts shall be established by decision of the Government, and the organizational structure and the operation thereof, by way of regulation and operation approved by order of the Minister of Justice.
  

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Alin. (1) of article 1. 10 was amended by section 1 of article. II of law No. 337 of 10 December 2013, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 777 of 12 December 2013.

(2) Repealed.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 10 has been repealed by the letter k) article. 14 of the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 1 of 25 January 2010, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 62 from 27 January 2010.

(3) Financing current expenditure and capital related national trade register Office and trade register offices of the courts consists of fees and charges, under art. 11. — — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 10 was amended by section 5 of art. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(4) the national trade register Office is headed by a director general appointed by exam or contest and appointed by order of the Minister of Justice for a term of four years, which may be renewed, in accordance with the law. The director-general may be appointed well-placed and magistrates, in accordance with the law.
  

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Alin. (4) article. 10 was amended by section 1 of article. II of law No. 337 of 10 December 2013, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 777 of 12 December 2013.
(4 ^ 1) The general manager is assisted in its work by 2 Deputy Directors-General, selected by examination or competition, and be appointed by order of the Minister of Justice for a term of four years, which may be renewed, in accordance with the law.
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Alin. (4 ^ 1), art. 10 was introduced by section 2 of art. II of law No. 337 of 10 December 2013, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 777 of 12 December 2013.


(5) the trade Registry Offices of the courts are headed by directors, assisted in the task, if applicable, the Deputy Directors, in accordance with the rules of organization and functioning of the national trade register Office and trade register offices of the tribunals, selected by examination or competition, and be appointed by order of the Minister of Justice for a term of 4 years , which may be renewed, in accordance with the law.
  

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Alin. (5) article. 10 was amended by section 3 of article 9. II of law No. 337 of 10 December 2013, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 777 of 12 December 2013.

(6) the necessary staff for the operation of the national trade register Office and trade register offices of the courts are selected by competition law. Personnel appointment is made by the Director-general of the national trade register Office.
  

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Alin. (6) article. 10 was amended by paragraph 4 of article in law No. 505 of 26 November 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 857 of 3 December 2003.
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Art. 10 was amended by section 3 of article 9. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 129 of 10 October 2002, published in Official Gazette No. 746 of 11 October 2002.


Article 11 (1) to transactions carried out trade register Office fees and tariffs set by decision of the Government on the proposal of the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of public finances.
  

(2) the fees and charges shall be paid at the cashier's Office the trade register or by transfer to the account of the national trade register Office is open to the State Treasury.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 11 was amended by section 6 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(3) fees and charges referred to in paragraph 1. (1) can be updated annually, to the Government's decision, on the basis of justifications submitted by the Ministry of Justice and taking into account the results of the previous year as contained in the annual accounts.
  

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Alin. (3) art. 11 was introduced by section 6 of article in law No. 505 of 26 November 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 857 of 3 December 2003.
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Art. 11 was amended by paragraph 4 of art. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 129 of 10 October 2002, published in Official Gazette No. 746 of 11 October 2002.


Article 12 (1) the register is made up of a register for the registration of legal persons, companies and corporations, 1900, economic interest groups, cooperative organizations, European companies, European economic interest groups, other legal persons expressly provided by law, principal or secondary offices in Romania, a register for the registration of legal persons cooperative societies and European cooperative societies with their principal or secondary offices in Romania and a register for the registration of individuals authorized , sole proprietorships and family businesses with professional offices or headquarters in Romania. These records shall be kept in the computerised system.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1) of article 1. 12 was amended by section 5 of art. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.

(2) every person registered in the commercial register shall bear a serial number from the register of Commerce, starting at the number 1 each year, at the national level from the central register of Commerce.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 12 was amended by section 5 of art. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.

(3) the trade registry office shall keep the documents and folders and documents on which basis shall be made in the commercial register entries, for each person registered, they will be highlighted and made records in the commercial register.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 12 was amended by section 5 of art. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.

(4) the keeping of records, making records and the provision of information to art. 4 is determined by rules approved by order of the Minister of Justice.
  

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Alin. (4) article. 12 has been modified by point 7 of article in law No. 505 of 26 November 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 857 of 3 December 2003.


Article 12 ^ 1 for identification, including communication between Member States ' registers trade through interconnection system, individuals and legal entities registered in the commercial register will also have a unique identifier at european level (EUID), which includes the element of identification, the identification number of the national register, the person from the register and, if necessary, other elements in order to avoid identification errors. Unique identifier structure at european level (EUID) is approved by order of the Minister of Justice.
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Art. 12 ^ 1 was introduced by paragraph 6 of article 19. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.


Chapter III recordkeeping Article 13 *) (1) the application for registration of the natural person who is a dealer in the commercial register will include: — — — — — — — — — — — —-the introductory part of paragraph 1. (1) of article 1. 13 was amended by section 6 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

the first name and surname), social security number, residence, citizenship, date and place of birth, marital status and previous trade activity;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-a) of paragraph 1. (1) of article 1. 13 amended by point 7 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

b commercial and company headquarters);
  

c) trade, stating the scope and main activity, as provided for in the authorization for the exercise of trade;
  

d) number, date and issuing body of the authorization for the exercise of the trade.
  

(1 ^ 1) Application for registration of an Association of family in the commercial register shall contain: the name and surname) to each of the Associates, social security number, residence, citizenship, date and place of birth, a member of the family, marital status and previous trade activity;
  

b) identification data of the person who represents the Association in dealings with third parties-member family whose initiative was founded the Association or its representative;
  

c) commercial and company headquarters;
  

d) trade, stating the scope and main activity, as provided for in the authorization for the exercise of trade;
  

e) number, date and issuing body of the authorization for the exercise of the trade.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1 ^ 1), art. 13 was introduced by section 8 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(2) the application for registration will be accompanied by the supporting documents of the data which it comprises.
  

(3) the Office shall enter in the register will trade all the data in the application, and, in the case of family associations, sole registration code assigned according to law.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 13 was amended by point 9 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 14 (1) the application for registration of a company shall, where appropriate, the data contained in its constituent Act and will be accompanied by the requisite supporting documents, according to law No. 31/1990 on the companies, republished, with subsequent amendments and additions.

(2) the Office shall enter in the register will trade all the data from the application, as well as unique registration code assigned according to law.
  

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Art. 14 was amended by paragraph 10 of article 10. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 15 (1) the application for registration of a 1900, national companies or corporations in the commercial register shall contain: — — — — — — — — — — — —-the introductory part of paragraph 1. (1) of article 1. 15 has been amended point 11 of article 1. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

the Act of Foundation) name, Head Office and, where applicable, its emblem;
  

b) activity, with an indication of the scope and main activity;
  

c) which can enter units in contractual relations with third parties, persons authorized to represent them and the limits of the powers granted;
  

d) first name and surname, place and date of birth, domicile and nationality of persons authorized to represent them as well as the limits of the powers conferred on it.
  

(2) the Office shall enter in the register will trade all the data from the application, as well as unique registration code assigned according to law.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 15 was introduced by item 12 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 16 (1) Cooperative Organizations shall be registered in the commercial register, subject to regulations on cooperatives, consumer cooperatives have and credit cooperatives.
  


(2) the Office shall enter in the register will trade all the data from the application, as well as unique registration code assigned according to law.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 16 was introduced by the pct, article 13. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 17 request for registration in the commercial register is made, if the law does not stipulate otherwise, within 15 days: a) repealed;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-a) of article 1. 17 was repealed by lit. c) art. 44 from EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 44 of 16 April 2008, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 328 of 25 April 2008.

b) for companies, as of the date of conclusion of the memorandum of Association;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-b) of art. amended 17 of point 14 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

c) for 1900, national companies, corporations and cooperative organizations, from the date of the instrument of incorporation.
  


Article 18 (1) the application for registration of a trader, a natural person shall be given personally or by proxy authorized, special and authentic.
  

(1 ^ 1) Application for registration of the Association is a member of the family in whose initiative was founded the Association or its representative with power of Attorney special and authentic.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1 ^ 1), art. 18 was introduced by point 15 of article 2. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(2) for proof of signature specimen, the natural family Association representative, respectively, signed at the trade register Office in the presence of judge or delegate to the Director or his substitute will certify your signature.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 18 was amended by paragraph 16 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(3) in the absence of the trader natural person or the representative of the family Association, the signature may be replaced by submitting a specimen of your signature legalized by the notary public.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 18 was amended by paragraph 16 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 19 (1) the application for registration in the commercial register of a company will be signed at least by an administrator or, if appropriate, his representative or, in accordance with the law, any associated, and for 1900, national companies, corporations or cooperative organizations, by persons authorized by law to represent them.
  

(2) proof of signature specimen of the directors and, where appropriate, representatives of companies and persons empowered under the law to represent autonomous administrations or cooperative organizations is made in compliance with the provisions of art. 18 paragraph 1. (2) and (3).
  


Article 20 (1) the application for registration will be accompanied by the requisite supporting documents.
  

(2) any registration shall mention the number and date of the conclusion of the judge as a delegate.
  


Article 21 in the commercial register shall record the particulars relating to: (a) the sale, donation) leases or real guarantee constituted on the securities of the Fund, and any other act whereby changes records in the commercial register or to cease company goodwill times;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-a) of article 1. 21 amended by point 17 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

b) the surname and forename, citizenship, social security number, for Romanian citizens, passport number and series, for foreigners, the date and place of birth of the tax representative or assignee, where applicable; If the right of representation is limited to a particular branch, the entry will only be made in the register where it is included in the branch, the signature of assignee/fiscal representative will be given in the manner prescribed in article 21. 18 paragraph 1. (2) and (3);
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-b) of art. 21 has been changed from point 17 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

c) patents for inventions, trade-marks, trade and service, designations of origin, indications of provenance, company, logo and other distinctive signs on which company, Director, organization and cooperative property or the person or family Association has a right;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — — — c) of art. 21 has been changed from point 17 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

d) matrimonial Convention concluded before or during the marriage, including it is modified, the judgment regarding the amendment of the matrimonial regime, action or judgment finding times of marriage, Declaration of invalidity action or judgment finding times a declaration of invalidity of the Convention, as well as the action or judgement of divorce pronounced in the course of his economic activity;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — —) (d) of article 1. 21 amended by art. 53, Section 3, chapter II. IV of law No. 71 in June 2011, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 409 of 10 June 2011.

e) a judgment enforcement under the ban of the dealer or establishing the Trusteeship, and the judgment whereby it raises these measures;
  

f) commencement of reorganization or bankruptcy, as appropriate, as well as the inclusion of particulars;
  

g) a judgment condemning the arms dealer, Manager or auditor for criminal offences that make it unworthy or repugnant to engage in this activity;
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-Letter g) of art. Amended 21 of point 18 of the art. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

h) any modification regarding the facts and acts recorded entries.
  


Article 22 (1) the operator shall be required to apply for registration in the commercial register of the particulars mentioned in article 1. 21 not later than 15 days from the date of the acts and facts subject to the registration obligation.
  

(2) the registration particulars can be done and at the request of the person concerned, within a maximum period of 30 days from the date when they knew the Act or fact that is subject to registration.
  

(3) the particulars shall be entered ex officio, within 15 days from the date of receipt of the certified copy of the judgment relating to the facts and irrevocable acts referred to in article 1. 21 lit. e), f) and (g)), unless the law provides otherwise.
  

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Alin. (3) art. 22 was modified by point 7 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(4) the fact that the entries can be recorded and at the request of other people or ex-officio does not relieve the obligation on the trader to claim making them.
  


Article 23 (1) The opening branches must request their registration at the trade Registry Office at the headquarters of each branch.
  

(2) the request shall contain: (a) name of the branch which) will contain the name/name and legal form of the trader, the locality in which it is registered, followed by the word "branch" and locality in which its head office is situated;
  

b) Headquarters Branch;
  

c) the activity of the branch;
  

c ^ 1) General Assembly decision, the decision of the Board of directors or the Executive Board, through which the branch has been opened.
— — — — — — — — — — — — — c ^ 1) para. (2) of article 9. 23 was introduced by section 1 of article. The EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 82 of 28 June 2007, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 446 of 29 June 2007.

d) first name and surname, place and date of birth, social security number, place of residence and the nationality of the representative of the merchant, legal person, the name, Head Office and the nationality of the representative of the merchant, legal entity, dealing directly with the work of the branch, if the powers were conferred to be performed together or separately;
  

e) information relating to the commercial register in which is recorded the license plate number.
  

(3) The application for registration shall be attached the following: proof of the Headquarters Branch);
  

b) statements on oath of persons empowered to represent a branch, indicating that they meet the legal conditions for the holding of such qualities;
  

c) specimen signatures of the persons empowered to represent a branch.
  

(4) the trade Registry Office headquarters branch sent to the Office of the trade register at the principal place of business of a dealer's entry, to be noted in the register of Commerce respectively.
  

(4 ^ 1) Romanian legal entities which open branches abroad are obliged to mention them to the trade register Office from Romania after their registration in the respective States.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (4 ^ 1), art. 23 was introduced by point 7 of article. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.

(5) publicity Formalities provided for in this article shall be made by a representative of the trader referred to in paragraph 1. (2) (a). d).
  

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Art. 23 was amended by section 8 of article. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.


Article 24 (1) a legal person with its headquarters abroad that open branches in Romania must request their registration at the trade Registry Office at the headquarters of each branch.
  

(2) the application shall include the following: name of legal entity) and legal structure, as well as the name of the branch if that is different from that of the legal person;
  

b) the register in which the legal person is registered abroad, the registration number and, where appropriate, the unique identifier at european level (EUID);
  

c) headquarters are situated;
  

d) the objects of the branch;
  

e) the name and the quality of the person's legal representatives abroad and those dealing directly with the work of the branch, if the powers were conferred to be performed together or separately;
  

f) in the case of branches of legal entities from States which are not Member States of the European Union and the participating States to the European Economic area, 243 and national law applicable to the legal person.
  

(3) At the commercial register of the seat of the branch shall be submitted: a) the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the legal person from abroad, if they are contained in separate documents, together with all amendments to these documents or articles of incorporation, certified translation;
  

b) documents attesting to the legal entity's registered office abroad, the subject of its activity and, at least annually, the amount of subscribed capital, in the case of a legal person branches in States which are not Member States of the European Union and the participating States to the European Economic area, if such information is not included in the documents referred to. a);
  

c) a certificate in translation, certified from the register in which the legal person is registered abroad, indicating the existence of the company;
  

d) annually, financial statements of the foreign legal entity, approved, verified and published according to the laws of the State in which it has its registered office, which shall be subject to the same formalities laid down for advertising accounts of juridical persons Romanian companies;
  

e) financial statements of the legal person from abroad, as they are drawn up, audited and published in accordance with the legislation of the Member State governing the legal person from overseas, where foreign legal person who opens a branch in Romania has its registered office in a Member State of the European Union;
  

f) accounts of economic operators from abroad, as they are drawn up, audited and disclosed pursuant to the law of Romania, except in cases in which the law governing the legal person from overseas accounting rules equivalent to those in force in the European Union, where the foreign legal person who opens a branch in Romania is not governed by the law of a Member State of the European Union or the European Economic area;
  

g) proof branch. Headquarters
  

(4) where indications are recorded: (a) the opening and termination of) judicial or out-of-court insolvency proceedings upon legal person from abroad;
  

b) dissolution, liquidation of the legal entity opening abroad, the name and powers of the liquidators, the termination of the liquidation;
  

c closure and deletion) branch in the commercial register.
  

(5) the trade registry office receives, through the interconnection of registers, trade information and documents concerning the opening and termination of procedure of dissolution, liquidation or insolvency of the legal person in the Member State of the European Union, as well as regarding its deletion from the registry for the registration of the ex officio, with the title free of charge, in the commercial register, in which shall be recorded in the branches of it.
  

(6) trade registry office shall transmit, through the system of interconnection of registers trade, free of charge, the information and documents referred to in paragraph 1. (5) regarding the legal entities registered in Romania and who have set up branches in other Member States of the European Union, for the purposes of the registration of such data in the commercial register.
  

(7) where the legal person in the Member State of the European Union has been removed from the register, the trade register, the Office shall cancel ex officio, free of charge, its branches as soon as the information and documents received under the provisions of paragraph 1. (5) and (8) the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2. (7) do not apply to branches of legal persons of the Member State of the European Union which have been removed from the register as a result of a change in the legal form of the entity concerned, of a merger or Division or of a cross-border transfer of the registered office.
  

(9) If a legal person with headquarters abroad to establish more branches in the country, the documents referred to in paragraph 1. (3) and (4) shall be submitted only to one of the branches, at the option of the company, the trade registry office in which are recorded the other branches, specifying which is the register to ensure publicity formalities.
  

(10) the formalities provided for in this article shall be undertaken by the branch representative, referred to in paragraph 1. (2) (a). e).
  

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Art. 24 was amended by section 8 of article. 1 of law No. 152 of 18 June 2015, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 519 from July 13, 2015.


Article 25 (1) Any natural or legal person injured as part of a registration or by a mention in the commercial register has the right to ask for cancellation of the registration of the prejudicial in whole or only in respect of certain of its elements, where through judicial decision irrevocable letters of credit were abolished in whole or in part or modified laws that formed the basis of the registration with respect to requesting deletion through the if the judgment has not been ready indication in the commercial register.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1) of article 1. 25 has been amended pct, article 23. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(2) the application shall be filed and referred to in the trade register of registration of the trader. Within 3 days from the date on which the trade registry office shall forward it to the Court in whose territorial RADIUS dealer is situated, and in the case of branches established in another county court in that County.
  

(3) the Tribunal shall decide on the request with the attendance register trade and trader.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 25 has been amended pct, article 23. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(4) judgment to settle the demand may be contested only by the appeal, and the deadline for appeal runs from the date of order, and the parties to the communication, for missing parts.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (4) article. 25 has been amended pct, article 23. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(5) the trade registry office will perform the deletion and irrevocable judgment will be published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part IV-a, at the expense of the party which has lodged the application. For this purpose, the Court shall communicate the decision establishing trade register Office, a legalized copy, noting remaining irrevocable.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (5) article. 25 has been amended pct, article 23. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.
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Art. 25 has been amended by section 1 of article. 1 of law No. 348 of 6 July 2001, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 381 of 12 July 2001.


Article 26 (1) the date of registration in the commercial register shall be the date on which the registration was effective in this workbook.
  

(2) registration in the commercial register shall be made within 24 hours from the date of the conclusion of the judge and delegate registration dealer within 24 hours from the date of pronouncement of the conclusion of the judge authorizing the delegate registration.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 26 was amended by paragraph 24 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 26 ^ 1 (1) the national trade register Office has an active procedural legitimation and can intervene in any lawsuit concerning records in the commercial register, the interest being taken and the General requirements of commercial activity.
  

(2) applications introduced by national trade register Office, under this Act, are not subject to stamp duty and any stamps.
  

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Art. 26 ^ 1 was introduced by paragraph 10 of article 10. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.


Article 27 Repealed.
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Art. 27 was repealed by article 25 point. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 28


In an application for registration in the commercial register and in any other requests that are addressed to this register shall indicate the name and address of the person you want to communicate the decisions of the judge delegate or other documents and reminders.


Article 29 the trader is obliged to mention on invoices, quotes, orders, prices, prospectuses and other documents used in trade, the name/business name, registered office, registration code and, where applicable, personal identification number code. Are exempt from the tax receipts issued by electronic measuring instruments marked, which shall comprise the elements provided for in the relevant legislation.
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Art. Amended 29 of point 26 of article. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Chapter IV firms Regime and emblems Article 30 (1) is the name of the Company or, where appropriate, the name under which a buyer exercising trade and under that sign.
  

(2) the emblem is the sign or name that distinguishes a merchant from another of the same kind.
  

(3) Companies and emblems will be written primarily in Romanian language.
  

(4) the exclusive right of use on the company's logo and is acquired through their enrolment in the commercial register.
  


Article 31 (1) a merchant Company, person, consists of the trader's name written in its entirety or in its name and initials.
  

(1 ^ 1) A family company must include the name of the Member of the family which is set up on the initiative of the Association, provided written entirely >.
— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1 ^ 1), art. 31 was introduced by the pct, article 27. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(2) no statement could be misleading as to the nature or extent of the trader's trade situation times cannot be added. They will be able to make entries to show more precisely the person or dealer trade.
  


Article 32 Company the society shall include the name of at least one of the partners, "the company", written in full.


Article 33 a company Company partnerships must include the name of at least one of the associations, with full name of company in limited partnership ", written in full.


Article 34 If a person's name the foreign company, with the consent of the company or a company in the times in partnerships, it becomes responsible for unlimited and joint and several obligations of all society. The same rule is applicable and any Commander whose name is set out in the company of a company in limited partnership.


Article 35 Joint Stock Company or a company in limited partnership by shares shall consist of a name of its own, such as to distinguish by other companies, and will be accompanied by the words written entirely "joint-stock company" or "sa" or, where appropriate, partnerships with limited liability company joint stock ".


Article 36 the firm a limited liability company shall consist of a name of its own, to which you can add the name of one or more partners, and will be accompanied by the words written entirely "limited liability company" or "S.R.L."


Article 37 Company branch Romania from foreign society will need to include the main headquarters and abroad.


Article 38 (1) Any new business must be different from the existing ones.
  

(2) When a new company is similar to another, you need to add a statement to a distinguishable from it, either by designating a person accurately, either by indicating how Commerce exercised or in any other way.
  


Article 39 (1) the trade registry office will refuse the inclusion of a company that, by not introducing elements in relation to companies already registered, can produce confusion.
  

— — — — — — — — — — —-. (1) of article 1. 39 has been amended by section 1 of article in law No. 519 on 23 November 2004, published in Official Gazette No. 1,109 of 26 November 2004.

(2) it is prohibited to entry of a company containing the words: «scientific», «Academy», «academic», «universal», «University», «school», «school» or their derivatives.
  

— — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 39 has been amended by section 1 of article in law No. 519 on 23 November 2004, published in Official Gazette No. 1,109 of 26 November 2004.

(3) the inclusion of a company containing the words: «national», «English», «institut» or their derivatives times words or phrases characteristic of central public authorities and institutions shall be carried out only with the consent of the General Secretariat of the Government.
  

— — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 39 has been amended by section 1 of article in law No. 519 on 23 November 2004, published in Official Gazette No. 1,109 of 26 November 2004.

(4) the inclusion of a company containing words or phrases characteristic of local public authorities and institutions shall be carried out only with the consent of the County prefect of Bucharest, in the territorial district in which the applicant has established its registered office.
  

(5) in the cases referred to in paragraph 1. (3) and (4) the competent authority shall refuse the release of the agreement if the company concerned is likely to cause confusion with the name of a public institution of public interest.
  

(6) the agreement for use of the designation referred to in paragraph 1. (3) and (4), or, if appropriate, refusing the issuance of the agreement are to be received within 10 days from the date of the request.
  

(7) the agreement referred to in paragraph 1, such refusal. (3) and (4) leads to the rejection of the application for registration of the legal person.
  

(8) verification of availability and the logo is done by the trade registry office prior to the preparation of incorporation or, where appropriate, amending company or logo.
  

— — — — — — — — — — —-. (8) article. 39 has been amended by section 1 of article in law No. 519 on 23 November 2004, published in Official Gazette No. 1,109 of 26 November 2004.

(9) Companies and emblems removed from the trade register are unavailable for a period of 2 years from the date of removal, except as required in article 8. 41.
  

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Art. 39 was modified by art. 1 of ORDINANCE No. 72 of 13 august 2004, published in Official Gazette No. 791 of 27 august 2004.


Article 40 Any one firm may not comprise a designation used by merchants in the public sector.


Article 41 (2) Keeping the previous company joint stock company is allowed in limited partnership or joint-stock company with limited liability, without mentioning the succession report requirement.
  

(3) where a firm limited liability company name includes one or more Associates, paragraph 1. (1) remain applicable.
  


Article 42 Company cannot be transferred separately from the goodwill with which it is used.


Article 43 (1) Any emblem will have to differ from statements made in the same emblems of Commerce for the same kind of trade, as well as the emblems of other traders in the market where the trader carries on his activity.
  

(2) the emblems may be used on billboards advertising wherever they are placed, invoices, letters, notes, rates, prospectuses, posters, publications and in every other way, but if you will be accompanied prominently by the trader.
  

(3) if the name contains a logo, company will be written with the letters given the size of at least half of the letters with bearing the emblem.
  


Chapter V Penalties in article 44 (1) If you do not comply with the provisions of the law and the timelines, merchants must request the registration or listing of any endorsements or to deposit specimens of signature or certain acts will be forced through the conclusion pronounced by judge-delegate, from paying a fine of 500,000 lei from judicial to 5,000,000 lei, if the Act does not constitute infringement.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (1) of article 1. Amended 44 of point 30 of article 1. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(2) where the registration, an indication of the specimen signature, or of the Act shall be a legal person, the fine is legal from 5,000,000 lei la 20,000,000 lei, if the Act does not constitute infringement. If more people are bound to comply with, the fine shall apply to each of them.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. Amended 44 of point 30 of article 1. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.

(3) Repealed.
  

— — — — — — — — — — — —-. (3) art. 44 it was repealed by section 8 of article in law No. 505 of 26 November 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 857 of 3 December 2003.

(4) the fine provided for in paragraph 1. (2) also apply to representatives of commercial companies as amended according to the provisions of that paragraph.
  


Article 45 Traders individuals and family associations and representatives of legal persons that do not comply with the obligations laid down in article 21. 29, will be sanctioned by the control bodies of the Ministry of public finances with a fine of 5,000,000 to 10,000,000 lei lei, while in the case of some false data, shall apply the relevant provisions of the criminal law.
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Art. 45 was amended by the pct, article 31. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 46


The appeal judge-delegate for the imposition of fines under article 4. 44 can be done by any person concerned or ex officio.
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Art. Amended 46 of point 32 of the art. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 47 judicial Fines. 44 are subject to common law judicial fines provided for by the code of civil procedure.
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Art. 47 was amended by point 33 of art. VIII, title II of law No. 161 of 19 April 2003, published in Official Gazette No. 279 of 21 April 2003.


Article 48 Repealed.
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Art. 48 was repealed by article. 32 of the law nr. 187 of 24 October 2012, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 757 from November 12, 2012.


Chapter VI transitional and final provisions Article 49 Repealed.
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Art. 49 it was repealed by section 8 of article. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 129 of 10 October 2002, published in Official Gazette No. 746 of 11 October 2002.


Article 50 (1) ensuring appropriate space and conditions for material activity of the national trade register Office and each Office of the trade register is made for the years 1990-1991 by prefecture and by the municipality of Bucharest.
  

(2) goods with which they were equipped, unpaid offices, owned by the Chambers of Commerce and industry, territorial on 1 January 1992.
  


Article 51 (1) of the national trade register Office shall ensure that the conditions necessary for the operation of the unified information system of trade register.
  

(2) Records in the commercial register shall be carried out electronically, in the trade registry offices of the courts, as well as at the level of the central computerized register *).
  

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Alin. (2) of article 9. 51 was introduced by the pct, article 11. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(3) applications and documents submitted in support thereof, received in paper format or electronically, the archive of the national trade register Office in electronic form *).
  

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Alin. (3) art. 51 was introduced by the pct, article 11. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.

(4) by way of derogation from paragraph 1. (3) applications filed before the date of entry into force of this law shall be archived electronically, at the request of the applicant or registered dealer for certified copies).
  

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Alin. (4) article. 51 was introduced by the pct, article 11. II of law No. 441 of 27 November 2006, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 955 of 28 November 2006.
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Art. Amended 51 of point 9 of article. From the EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 129 of 10 October 2002, published in Official Gazette No. 746 of 11 October 2002.


Article 51 ^ 1 (1) in the exercise of its powers as provided for by law, the national trade register Office and trade register offices near courthouses and collect, process data and processed information, including the nature of personal data, subject to the applicable provisions of law nr. 677/2001 for the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data, with subsequent amendments and additions.

(2) the national trade register Office can collaborate with the Chamber of Commerce and industry of Romania.
  

— — — — — — — — — —-. (2) of article 9. 51 ^ 1 was introduced by art. III of law No. 39 of 30 March 2011, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 224 of 31 March 2011.
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Art. 51 ^ 1 [para. (initially with 1)] was introduced by section 2 of art. The EMERGENCY ORDINANCE nr. 82 of 28 June 2007, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 446 of 29 June 2007.


Article 52 Repealed.
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Art. 52 it was repealed by section 2 of art. 1 of law No. 348 of 6 July 2001, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 381 of 12 July 2001.


Article 53 the present law shall enter into force 30 days after its publication in the Official Gazette of Romania).
— — — — — — — — — *) exception provisions of art. "". (2) and (3), art. (6), art. 8 para. (2), (3) and (4), art. 11(2). (2), (3) and (4), art. 12(3). (1), (3) and (4), art. 13(2). (1), art. 14, art. 15, art. 16, art. 17-20, art. 21 lit. f), art. 23, art. 24 para. (3), art. 25 para. (3), art. 26-29, art. 30 paragraph 2. (2) and (4), art. 36, art. 37, art. 39, art. 41, art. 44, art. 45, art. 48 para. (1) and of article 23. 51 and 52, which shall enter into force 30 days after its publication in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, of the law nr. 12/1998.

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