Law No. 5 of 12 November 1982 on protection of plants grown and forests and the ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY pesticides Published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 105 of 20 November 1982 permanent increase in agricultural output, and the erection of production potential of forests, ensuring adequate protections require plants cultivated forests against pests, diseases and weeds, introduction and generalization of an integrated system of prevention and combat them, by combining those assets with the biological chemical, physical, mechanical and agrofitotehnice, as well as through the creation of plant varieties resistant to diseases and pests.
Organization and holding of scientific basis of all activities for the protection of plants grown and forests should ensure, besides increasing the amount of agri-food products, and their proper quality, avoiding losses, population health, maintaining soil quality, protection of the environment.
To this end, the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.
Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 the protection of cultivated plants and forests against pests, diseases and weeds constitute an issue of national interest, an obligation for the State, cooperative and other organizations public organizations, to all citizens.
Protection of plants planted forests and other forms of vegetation both useful human activity is carried out for the prevention of the spread in the country and the introduction of foreign pests, diseases and weeds, as well as by fighting through agro-technical methods, physical, mechanical, chemical and biological.
Article 2 protection of plants grown and forests should contribute to increasing agricultural production and forestry at the appropriate quality assurance of it, as well as in the prevention and elimination of losses caused by pests, diseases and weeds.
Protection of plants grown and forests must be carried out in the conditions and the means to ensure the protection of the environment, the preservation of the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil, maintaining biological balance and protection of human health.
Article 3 In the overall activity of protection of plants grown and forests will promote and generalize the integrated system for the prevention and control of diseases, pests and weeds, by combining assets with rational chemical biological, mechanical and physical methods and the application of the whole complex of measures agrofitotehnice.
Integrated system for the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds shall include mainly the following: expansion and generalization of cultivars) of some varieties and hybrids resistant to attack by pests and diseases;
b) generalization of treatment of seeds and propagating material for all cultures;
c) compliance with crop rotation, crop rotation within the Organization are unique;
d) uniform administration and balanced report of the natural and chemical fertilizers;
e) execution-technical conditions ensuring the destruction of crop debris in the soil, decreasing sources of pathogens and pests, creating optimal conditions for the growth and development of plants grown;
(f) ensuring optimal density), in order to obtain an effective treatment to combat properly;
g) extension of physical and biological methods of control through the use of irradiation, hormone products, microbiological preparations and other such means;
h) limiting the use of chemical products and the exclusion of those harmful to humans or which could have adverse effects on the environment and the biological balance in nature, through the accumulation of residues in soil, foodstuffs and in the human body;
improvement and generalization I) forecast systems attacks and warning of treatment against pests and diseases, and weed cartarii, with a view to strict rationing and a reduction in the maximum number of chemical treatments, to increase their efficiency.
Under the integrated system for the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, chemical treatments to be applied especially in previous periods of occurrence of fruit and other parts of plants, used in human food or animal feed.
Application of insecticide treatments in plantations and crops, from Australia, will be made under such conditions as to ensure fully the protection of bees, using selective products, safe for them, prevention of keepers on the treatments to be applied and other such measures.
Article 4 in order to increase economic efficiency of permanent actions for protection of plants grown and forests throughout the activity of scientific research, production and use of means of combat will follow: the research regarding the biology of) the development of pests, pathogens and weeds, in order to develop effective biological products, improving production technologies and their use as well as to reduce the number of chemical treatments in protective actions;
b) realization of kinds of pesticides with high efficiency and low consumption with raw materials and energy, which can be transported, handled and applied as soon as economic conditions;
c) extension along with pesticides, for manuring application, irrigation, crop maintenance and other technical papers, in order to reduce soil and crop tasarii transgression, to reduce consumption of fuels and lubricants, savings;
d) insurance multifunctional equipment enabling carrying out a wide range of more agricultural work, including plant protection.
Article 5 implementation the means of prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and the Ministry of Forestry will take measures to develop an integrated system for the prevention and control and improvement of technologies in the field of plant protection. Also, together with the Ministry of education and Ministry of health and education with other central organs concerned, will be studying the effects of apprehension, are handed over and remanentei pesticides in soil, plant and human or animal body, in order to prevent any negative track what may result from the nature of these substances in the circuit.
Article 6 the Ministry of chemical industry together with the Ministry of health, Ministry of agriculture and food industry and the Ministry of Forestry will establish research programmes in pursuit of biological and chemical products, free from harm and with low remanence in soil, food and feed, which is within the maximum permissible limits laid down by law.
For entry into the practice of new kinds of pesticides will be deep collaboration between biological and technological research from the laboratory stage of elaboration of the products so as to get to know in advance the various phenomena which may arise secondary to manufacture and their application. Biological research will be given particular importance to questions relating to residues by organizing systematic analyses of soil and crops and the setting of the most efficient methods and products to reduce their non-hazardous limits.
Article 7 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and the Ministry of forestry and Ministry of education and Education together will take measures for the training of higher and medium necessary actions for the protection of cultivated plants and forests.
Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences will ensure operative specialists working on the protection of forests and plants grown on the results of scientific research in this area, the new products, methods, apparatuses, equipment, machinery and technologies to combat pests, diseases and weeds, introduced in agricultural production and forestry.
Chapter 2 protection of plants under cultivation, the pastures and the finetelor section I protection of plants grown in article 8 in order to increase agricultural production, continuing to avoid losses and to ensure appropriate quality agri-food products, agricultural enterprises and cooperatives, other public organizations and other legal entities, as well as all land owners and citizens, are obliged to implement measures for screening , prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds on land and agricultural crops, in accordance with the provisions of this law and in accordance with the programmes of action elaborated.
Technical standards to ensure the hygiene condition of all kinds, as well as pastures and finetelor agricultural units is compulsory for all socialist, specialists and other workers in agriculture, as well as for the keepers of lands and cultures are those set out in the annex. 1. Article 9 prevention of and combating pests, diseases and weeds in agricultural enterprises and cooperatives run in a uniform manner for all crops, according to the action programmes drawn up within each single Council state and agribusiness cooperative based on avertizarilor submitted by County organs for plant protection.
Every unit within the Councils Socialist agricultural unique responsibility for the proper implementation of all treatments for the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds shall be the responsibility of the Chief Engineer.
Article 10 in order to prevent losses caused by pests, diseases and weeds, experts from each unit will trace the application to agricultural time and under appropriate conditions of the works referred to in agrofitotehnice technologies and will oversee permanent lands and cultures in order to detect attacks and applying the necessary treatments.
Farm management and cooperative action will be taken to ensure an adequate number of workers for the works, which will be trained before the beginning of operations, from the point of view of compliance with the scope of our technology and of labour protection.
Article 11 bodies of plant protection, the district are obliged to ensure full performance and uniformity in the implementation of actions contained in the programmes of prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, while ensuring that these actions should be performed in a coordinated manner, geographical areas, both in State and cooperative enterprises and households; at the same time, will provide technical assistance in the application of treatments, will track and control the implementation and effectiveness of measures to prevent and combat.
Also, the County plant protection will ensure, through the band's own centres and technical assistance and supporting manufacturers with necooperativizate towns of individual households, and the agricultural population, the implementation of preventive and control treatments.
In order to carry out the corresponding technical standards special works to combat pests, diseases and weeds in necooperativizate of individual households and in households, County plant protection will organise expert teams; the works will be executed on the basis of contracts concluded with the crop and land holders.
Article 12 Measures of prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds shall be applied differentially, depending on the structure of crops and their share in the production of each unit.
In crop protection and technical plants shall be taken into account, in particular, conditional measures, selection and seed treatment, decuscutare of trifolienelor, destruction, about physics or mechanics, to quarantine weed outbreaks, as well as to combat the pests and diseases specific to that pose the greatest danger to every culture.
In horticulture will be used exclusively to healthy seedlings from nurseries, greenhouses and rasadnite disinsectised and disinfected; It also will be performed at the optimum time, treatments and hygiene measures and specific combat-destroying the nests of caterpillars, the lichens and muscles, cutting the uscaturilor, drajonilor, replacing the tree and plant collection of dried fruit culture, mummified or attacked by diseases, combating pests times manna from vines, potatoes and tomatoes and other such works.
Article 13 the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds in the perimeters of sanitary protection of water sources and the central facilities of drinking water supply, on the grounds of the State reserve areas for rest and recreation, parks and green spaces, as well as the avenues are of public utility, ensure the specialized plant protection of the popular councils and of the municipality of Bucharest with the prior consent of the district health bodies, and where appropriate, local bodies of water management.
Article 14 where holders of land or crops do not execute in time useful, works referred to in this law for the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, they can be executed by organs of plant protection, and holders will be obliged to payment in full of the material used and the benefits made, particularly the penalties that they will be applied according to the law.
Article 15 executive committees of councils and County folk Bucharest, through their specialized bodies, organized and responsible for the implementation of all the measures of prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds in agricultural enterprises and cooperatives and in households, according to established programmes.
For the application of uniform and properly throughout, the protective measures, the executive committees shall, according to law, for the protection of plants grown under General Directorates for agriculture and the food industry.
Article 16 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, organizes directs, controls and is responsible for the actions of prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds in cultivated plants.
To this end: (a) action programmes) sets out to protect cultivated plants throughout the country and seeks assurance with pesticides, equipment, machinery, material and financial means to carry them out; approve action programmes prepared by the uniform law enforcement agencies of County plant protection; controls and is responsible for the implementation of the measures established in the programmes;
(b) ensuring the consistent application of) measures of phytosanitary quarantine;
c) keeps track of occurrences of pests, diseases and weeds in cultivated plants; compiles information and forecasts and issue warnings about them;
d) supervise the work of the organs for the protection of plants grown;
e) shall draw up, together with the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences, unit of scientific research programs in order to achieve all the measures for prevention of the development and generalization of the integrated system, remove the corresponding similarities and co-ordination of research;
f) sets out requirements for personnel with specialized training of units for protection of plants grown and keeps track of this personally; advises on the appointment, transfer or disposal of its employment contracts and take measures for the improvement of vocational training in this area;
g) is responsible for the approval of pesticides and machinery and appliances, approval of the machines used in the protection of cultivated plants and improving their quality;
h) establishes requirements for pesticides, tools, devices and machines used in the protection of cultivated plants, aims to increase efficiency in sourcing and improving the conditions for transport, storage, preservation and distribution of them; Socialist units and supplies to individuals with these products and equipment is made, where appropriate, by the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, the Central Union of cooperatives for the production, acquisition and disposal of Goods and the Ministry of internal trade;
I) establishes technical standards relating to the use of pesticides and equipment for protection of plants grown;
j) organizes and ensures, through specialized laboratories, quality control of pesticides and their residues in soil, food and feed; examines periodically the results and take appropriate action of removing deficiencies observed;
k) organizes together with the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences, experimental lots for determining the economic efficiency of actions for prevention and control of major pests, diseases and weeds of cultivated plants;
l) organizes the actions of popularization of plant protection, according to the legal provisions.
Article 17 in order to prevent the attack of pests and diseases, timely implementation of measures to combat them of control programmes, agricultural enterprises and cooperatives, plant protection, trade enterprises and cooperatives that undoing pesticides and machinery for protecting cultivated plants will provide the quantities of materials needed for effecting such actions including small capacity appliances, portable and roadway, as well as pesticides in small containers for households.
Section II protection of rangelands and finetelor article 18 in order to prevent losses caused by pests, diseases and weeds, as well as avoiding danger in the spread of agricultural crops, forestry and forests, pests and pathogens that can form of accumulation and permanetizare fields with meadows and fîneţe, land holders will execute on time and under appropriate conditions all technical and maintenance provided for in technology.
In addition, holders of pastures and fîneţe are obliged to ensure their permanent surveillance to detect any outbreaks of pests and pathogens and execute the work of prevention and combat in accordance with the indications given by the plant protection and forestry bodies.
The Ministry of agriculture and food industry controls and directs, is responsible for organizing all actions for detection, prevention and control of pests and diseases on grassland and fîneţele belonging to the popular councils and Socialist agricultural units. The Ministry of Forestry directs, controls and is responsible for organizing these actions on pastures and fîneţele from mountain and forest perimeters of the other areas.
Article 19 measures for prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, and cleanse the pastures and finetelor will be run with pesticides and other means to ensure the protection of flora and fauna, as well as useful to animal health.
With the execution of the treatments to combat on pastures and fîneţe, areas will be clearly marked with warning signs and will be taken and other measures needed to halt grazing or consumption of fine across the break time for each pesticide.
Article 20 shall be responsible for the proper implementation of all the measures of prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds on pastures and fîneţe returns the driver unit holding them.
Article 21 County Organs for the protection of cultivated plants and forestry bodies will assist holders of pastures and fîneţe in providing them with pesticides, application and technical assistance in the execution of the treatments, will track and control the implementation and effectiveness of measures to prevent and combat.
Chapter 3 protection of forests Article 22 in order to appropriate management of forestry, to ensure the hygiene condition of the forests and their protection against pests and diseases, forest owners and other forests and lands covered with forest vegetation have the obligation to apply the measures just screening, prevention and control of pests and diseases, according to the provisions of this law and action programmes.
Technical standards to ensure the hygiene condition of forests, including forest crops-forestry units is compulsory for all owners of forests and forestry crops, as well as for all professionals and workers in forestry, are those set out in the annex. 2. In article 23, the prevention and control of pests and diseases from forests and forest crops are made in a uniform manner, in accordance with the action programmes established within each forest units, on the basis of detection and forecasting. In order to ensure the effectiveness of protection measures, through action programmes will ensure compulsory, referencing what treatments are carried out in forests with those that apply to agricultural crops and pastures and fîneţe.
For proper application of treatments to prevent and combat pests and diseases, the responsibility lies with the driver of each forest unit or, where appropriate, of each unit holder of lands covered with forest vegetation.
Article 24 in relation to measures for the protection of forests will be carried out mainly in areas of combat actions strongly attacked by pests and will ensure the performance of all the shares of hygiene-removal of trees dried, drying, doboriti or who are attacked by pests and diseases, wearing total cioatelor and the trees cut or doboriti and the like-the forest perimeters and out of the forest fund.
Measures for prevention and control of pests and diseases apply differentiated, depending on the nature and intensity of the attack and the nature of each forest.
Article 25 Actions for prevention and control of pests and diseases of forest crops and forests managed by the forest County inspectorates is executed by the units of the Ministry of forestry.
In the case of forests and lands covered with forest vegetation placed into administration of municipalities, towns and communes times owned by other legal persons, preventive and control actions are run by the owners, with their own means or through contracts with forest County inspectorates.
Article 26 in order to prevent damage caused by pests and diseases, as well as the danger of permanentizarii and expansion of outbreaks, forest County inspectorates perform the required treatments on the lands covered with forest vegetation belonging to other owners, if they are not carried out on time and in appropriate conditions; the costs of execution will be borne entirely by land holders, particularly penalties will be applied according to the law.
Article 27 the Ministry of Forestry, controls and directs the responsible for organising all actions for detection, prevention and control of pests and diseases of forest vegetation.
To this end: a) controls the fitosanitary forest, prepares information, forecasts and issue warnings in connection with the occurrence of pests and diseases of forest vegetation;
b) ensure the implementation of the forestry and other owners of land covered with forest vegetation established technologies for the prevention and control of pests and diseases;
c) responsible for implementing the good conditions of work for ensuring plant health of all forests and crops from the perimeter forest and outside it;
d) examines and approves financial and technical documentation prepared by the district labour inspectorates, in connection with the protection of forests. On the basis of their annual work plan establishes protection of forests and provide the financial means, pesticides, machinery and apparatus necessary for carrying out such work by the forest units;
e) ensure measures phytosanitary quarantine in the forestry sector;
f) sets out requirements for personnel protection of forests from the forest and keep track of the units; advises on the appointment, transfer or sale of contracts of employment of the staff and take measures for the improvement of vocational training in this area;
g) shall, together with the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences, scientific research programmes, in order to achieve all the measures of prevention, the development and improvement of integrated control programmes;
h) ensure the inclusion in the production of research results in the field of protection of forests and forest crops;
I) prepares and submit for approval the documents needed for the approval of pesticides and machinery and equipment approval machinery used in forest protection and forestry crops and improving their quality;
j) determines the technical rules for the use of pesticides in the proceedings for the protection of forests and forest crops;
k) organize the popularization of forest protection and forest crops.
Chapter 4 phytosanitary Quarantine in article 28 for the retention of the spread of pests, diseases and weeds, which constitute a danger to crops and forests, with the aim of liquidating their outbreaks and to prevent or stop the introduction into the country of pests, diseases and weeds, it establishes the regime for phytosanitary quarantine.
The Organization and functioning of the system of phytosanitary quarantine shall be established by Decree of the State Council. The Ministry of agriculture and food industry and the Ministry of forestry will be responsible for the application of quarantine measures farm phytosanitary.
Committees and the executive offices of the popular councils and organs of the Ministry of internal affairs are obliged to support the phytosanitary quarantine organs in the performance of their duties.
Article 29 Establishment and functioning of the fruit, vineyards, nurseries; forestry, greenhouses, vegetable, flower, and fruit cimpurilor and collections, and forestry;, shall be permitted only on the basis of the authorization issued by the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and, where appropriate, of the Ministry of forestry.
The circulation and use of products subject to propagation of phytosanitary quarantine are admitted solely on the basis of authorisation issued by the licensee's authorized culture by the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and, where appropriate, by the Ministry of forestry.
Article 30 Producers or holders, in whatever form, of propagating material of the plants biological farming and forestry are obliged to apply all measures to prevent and combat pests, diseases and weeds of quarantine, indicated by the phytosanitary quarantine.
When producers or holders do not have measures to prevent and combat the times they have applied to improperly and ascertain the presence of pests, diseases and weeds of quarantine, these measures will be applied by the organs of plant protection at the expense of producers or holders.
Article 31 Plants, parts of plants, seeds, fruits, and other agricultural and forestry products, including those physically or chemically treated, which is subject to import, export or transit through the territory of the country, and the means of transport used, are subject to mandatory control of plant health.
Article 32 Socialist Organizations, other legal entities and individuals importing products of vegetable origin are obliged to get at the bodies of phytosanitary quarantine import authorisation, stating the conditions under which plant protection import is allowed.
Foreign trade enterprises will ensure the inclusion in contracts of clauses whereby the products of vegetal origin to be imported will correspond to the rules of phytosanitary quarantine applying in the Socialist Republic of Romania.
Socialist organizations, other legal entities and natural persons are obliged to declare to the customs bodies of phyto products of plant origin, unprocessed, from entering the country.
Article 34 Socialist Organizations, other legal entities and natural persons who export products of vegetable origin are obliged to get at the bodies of phytosanitary quarantine phytosanitary certificates by type, with compliance with the requirements of importing countries.
Article 35 commercial Organisations and individuals that their vegetable products are obliged to comply with the measures indicated by the phytosanitary quarantine.
Chapter 5 Article 36 pesticides Regime can be produced, delivered, sold and used only the pesticides approved by those organs and under the conditions provided by law.
Pesticides are used in the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds shall be determined annually by the single national plan of economic and social development.
In exceptional cases they can use other pesticides, under the conditions and with the approval of the bodies provided by law.
Article 37 Through pesticides, for the purposes of this Act, means any substance or mixture of substances, including mixtures with ingredients for use in agriculture, forestry, the storage spaces, as well as other activities, in order to prevent, reduce, or "destruction of pests, weed fitopatogeni agents, and other forms of animal or vegetable life, including viruses, harmful to plants and domestic animals or useful rodents, insects and communicable diseases-carrying man, as well as products for plant growth or their defoliation shall desicarea.
Article 38 After the degree of toxicity, pesticides shall classify into four groups, according to rules approved by the Decree of the State Council. The employment of individual pesticides in the groups referred to in paragraph 1. 1 is made by the Ministry of health.
Section I the production of pesticides Pesticide Production Article 39 shall be carried out under the integrated system for the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds and should provide the necessary chemicals and biological plant protection and forest.
Article 40 the Ministry of chemical industry will take measures for the production of certain types of pesticides with high efficacy, low levels of consumption with raw materials and energy, free from harm and with low remanence in soil, food and feed, which is within the maximum permissible limits laid down by law.
In addition, the Ministry of chemical industry will take measures for the production of pesticides as well as the broader spectrum of action and will ensure, on the basis of the results of scientific research and the needs of the agricultural and forestry production, pesticide typing.
Article 41 Socialist Units that produce pesticides shall be responsible under the law for ensuring product quality parameters referred to in the authorization.
The Ministry of agriculture and food industry, by specialized laboratories, quality control of pesticides at establishments and any other unit holders.
Pesticide producing establishments are obliged to cover any damage caused to the agricultural and forestry units by delivering defective products.
Article 42 in order to maintain the quality of pesticides and avoiding any risks of accidents, poisoning and diseases, pesticide producing establishments Socialist are obliged to draw up for each product, with the opinion of the Ministry of health and the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, technical rules for transport, storage characteristic, handling and use.
Socialist units who produce, prepare or regular filing pesticides are obliged to deliver these products in our packaging, made of appropriate material, in relation to the degree of toxicity and flammability.
Also, pesticide producing establishments will indicate the period of validity for each product; After expiry of that period, pesticides can be used only with the opinion given on the basis of laboratory analysis of the specialized bodies of the Ministry of agriculture and food industry.
Article 43 in order to achieve and the agricultural and forestry practice of new kinds of pesticides, permanent establishments to collaborate with research institutions and with agricultural and forestry units, focusing on the effectiveness, efficiency and effects of new pesticides in production conditions.
Section II-of the use of pesticides in article 44 to use rational and effective pesticides, to ensure appropriate quality of agro-food, preserving soil quality and protecting the environment, and to eliminate any possibilities of accidents occurring, intoxicatiilor and illness, agricultural and forestry units, other categories of producers or owners of lands and cultures are under obligation to comply strictly with the technical rules of use , storage, transport and handling of pesticides, drawn up according to the law.
Agricultural and forestry units carrying out pesticide treatments are obliged to notify in advance the fishery units and water management as well as beekeepers, in respect of the periods of application of the treatments in those areas and the type of pesticides used.
Article 45 In the actions for protection of plants grown and forests cannot be used than pesticides to which ensure compliance with the maximum residue limits in food and feed, as determined by law.
You are prohibited from bringing into public consumption or delivery towards food industrialization of agro-food containing pesticide residues exceeding the maximum permissible limits.
Supervisory body which has noted the maximum permissible limits to be exceeded in a food product is required to refer the matter to the unit holders of production or, where appropriate, in order to remedy the deficiencies of the application of treatments with pesticides.
Article 46 Socialist Units can conduct with toxic pesticides in groups I and II only on the basis of sanitary authorization issued for this purpose by the Centre county sanitary anti-epidemic or Bucharest.
For Ministry of national defence and of the Interior Ministry, permits are issued by the sanitary anti-epidemic under these ministries.
Approved establishments are obliged to register under the law.
Establishments for the protection of plants grown and Socialist trade organizations can distribute, without authorization, individuals, but groups of pesticide toxicity III and IV.
Article 47 Socialist Units shall carry out pesticide treatments are obliged to use for this purpose only trained personnel equipped with equipment and means of personal protection regulated.
Article 48 Units performing with pesticide responsible for strict compliance with the rules on storing, preserving and distributing them, and safety, accident prevention in animal populations and the motivations and the protection of the environment.
You are prohibited from employment or work, for his work with pesticides in groups I and II, toxicity to young people under 18, pregnant women and nursing, and to vaccinate persons established by the Ministry of health.
Article 49 the treatments with pesticides in individual households and in public places may be carried out only with approved products for this purpose, the Ministry of health.
Treatments with pesticides in groups I and II of toxicity can be carried out in individual households, but besides living spaces, special teams, belonging to the Socialist organizations authorized to conduct activities with pesticides.
Article 50 compliance laws concerning pesticides is executed by the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of health, Ministry of labour, Ministry of agriculture and food industry, Ministry of forestry, the Ministry of chemical industry, the National Council for the protection of the environment and the National Council of water according to the duties payable.
Also, other ministries, bodies and organizations, as well as committees and the executive offices of the popular councils, are obliged to execute the control directly on the work with pesticides in what units they are subordinated.
The subordinate units of the National Defence Ministry and Interior Ministry control is executed by the specialized bodies.
Article 51 the Ministry of health and Ministry of agriculture and food industry will propose, every two years, updating the list with maximum permissible levels for pesticide residues in food.
In the same period, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry will propose updating the list with maximum permissible levels for pesticide residues in feed, due account the maximum permissible limits for foodstuffs of animal origin.
To the maximum extent permissible, including lists of pesticide residues in food and feed is approved as provided by law.
The way for the authorisation of pesticides and their quality assurance, registration of establishments authorized to undertake work with pesticides and record-keeping system used in these activities, packaging, labelling, storage, transport and marketing of pesticides, as well as decontamination measures are governed by the Decree of the Council of State. Also, by Decree of the State Council regulates responsibilities and penalties for violation of legal norms on the protection of cultivated plants finetelor, the rangelands and forests, as well as the pesticide regime.
Chapter 6 of the common Provisions and final provisions Article 53 the Ministry of chemical industry will secure the quantities of pesticides-including those of biological products category-for prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, according to requirements established in conjunction with the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, Ministry of forestry and other interested ministries and central organs and enrolled in the plan.
Ministry of industry of construction machinery will ensure the production of equipment for the prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds, as well as spare parts, according nomenclature compiled jointly with the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, Ministry of forestry and other ministries and central organs concerned.
The Ministry of agriculture and food industry, Ministry of forestry and other ministries and central bodies which, under the law, their obligations and tasks in the work of protection of plants grown and forests will organize the overhaul and repair of appliances and machinery to be used in these actions, as well as the supply of spare parts needed in order to maintain them in the permanent operating state.
Article 54 For the prevention and control of pests and diseases attacks, accidental and non the calamity, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, Ministry of forestry and other interested ministries and central organs constitute the material buffer stocks, pesticides and equipment, according to the legal norms in force.
Article 55 Costs for actions to prevent and combat pests, diseases and weeds shall support agricultural and forestry holdings and other categories of producers or owners of land, under the conditions laid down by Decree of the State Council.
Article 56 Councils of ministries, other central executive bodies, the committees of the District Councils and the popular Bucharest, working people in Central Councils, businesses and other units, as well as the Socialist leadership councils from the agricultural cooperative units, are obliged to take measures for knowing and applying the strict provisions of the present law, to reinforce law and order and discipline to each job to prevent any accidents at work.
Collective governing bodies specified in paragraph 1. 1 are obliged to ensure that the Organization: (a) thorough knowledge of) the provisions of the law by all staff in the powers which enter action for the protection of plants grown and forests or activities relating to the manufacture, transport, storage and management of pesticides;
b) debate law in meting out of working people organized sectors of production or other compartments;
c) organization law to do it via the display in the workplace or other media;
d) training staff worker grounded in relation to duties, obligations and responsibilities incumbent upon them in order to strengthen law and order and discipline, conduct the entire activity in conditions of complete safety and respecting the work regime.
After studying and acquiring law, workers, leaders, technicians, engineers, all those working or leading activities for protection of plants grown and forests, production, transport, storage and management of pesticides are obliged to sign the taking to the attention of the rules laid down in this law and shall be responsible for carrying out exactly the obligations.
Article 57 of the Councils ' governing bodies, ministries, other central executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, people working in Central Councils, businesses and other units, as well as the Socialist leadership councils from cooperative agricultural enterprises are obliged to control the way in which they were provided knowledge of the law by the entire staff, regular training and respond directly to all necessary measures taken in pursuance of the law exactly.
The Ministry of internal affairs organs of the Prosecutor's Office and the judiciary are required to ensure, through direct participation, the necessary support units in the Socialist and the popularization of knowledge of the law and to pursue compliance with strict requirements, taking measures for the prevention and control of farm any infringement of the provisions of this law.
Article 58 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and the Ministry of Forestry will take measures to popularize knowledge among the citizens on the protection of cultivated plants and forests, together with the Ministry of health will ensure achievement of educational videos and developing diversified education materials, using the press, radio and television broadcasts for the purpose of the prevention of pesticide poisoning and the properties of first-aid measures.
Ministries listed in paragraph 1. 1 together with the Ministry of education and education will organize the compilation of teaching materials relating to pesticides and will take measures for their knowledge by pupils and students.
In organizing and carrying out of actions for prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds and knowledge dissemination activities on the protection of cultivated plants and forests, agricultural and forestry bodies of which they are responsible under the law in this area will collaborate with Breeders Association, of the Association of Fishermen Hunting and sportsmen, with nature protection associations as well as with organizations of pioneers and youth.
Article 59 on the date of entry into force of the present law shall repeal any provisions to the contrary.
Article 60 Annexes No. 1 and 2 are an integral part of this law.
Annex 1 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS to ensure the hygiene condition of crops, pastures and finetelor 1. The insamintare will only be used and treated seeds packed according to the technical instructions given by the protection bodies of plants grown.
2. There shall be carried out with the necessary technical works for destroying weeds that serve as host for diseases and pests in crops and plantations-ploughing, discing, cultivation, spraying and more.
3. Will be destroyed immediately after the appearance of wet-milled grain samulastra, sunflowers, and other plants grown, using for this purpose the agro-economic means.
4. Crop rotation is mandatory when it is established by the decision-making bodies for the protection of plants grown for the purposes of preventing and combating pests, diseases and weeds.
5. the works will be executed for destroying the nests of caterpillars, the lichens and muscles, uscaturilor and drajonilor cutting, gathering fruits mummified, and other works of hygiene, in particular through technical methods.
6. Outbreaks of San Jose paduchelui-will be destroyed around plantations of fruit trees of this harmful neinfestate of fruit nurseries, through measures to combat chemical or by removing the material nevaloros.
7. Will be destroyed by the pile of Caterpillar outbreaks Mulberry caterpillars in gardens, parks, alignments and sparse trees, especially by mechanical means.
8. other plants Growing in plantations of fruit trees is done in compliance with the rules that ensure the chemical treatments.
9. Will be used only for the sprouts of Scion mother plants selected for this purpose and that are not attacked by pests or pathogens of quarantine.
10. The perennial nurseries; as well as in vegetable greenhouses and solariums and flower, will be carried out the work to combat winter and summer indicated by the protection of cultivated plants.
11. propagating material will be shipped from nurseries of fruit only after disinfection and dezinsectizare, if plant protection organs grown indicate such measures.
12. It will be evident to date attire for plant protection works, executed in fruit tree nurseries, greenhouses, solariums; and vegetable or flower.
13. The ground, heels and facilities in rasadnite, from vegetable greenhouses and solariums and flower will be disinfected according to the indications given by the protection of cultivated plants.
14. The seeds of trifoliene will be decuscutate in specialized units, before being put up for sale or use at planting.
15. decapsularea Waste resulting from the strains in the existing smelter times stations decuscutare of trifoliene seeds or herbs will be used for the feeding of animals, which delivers and echo those products required to ensure full realization of the measures established by the decision-making bodies of quarantine and protection of plants grown for the purposes furajarii in good condition of the animals and to prevent the spread and cuscutei.
16. The work to combat about chemical or mechanical cultures cuscuta in outbreaks in other places will be executed according to the indications given by the protection of cultivated plants.
17. Potatoes are sensitive to black riia will be replaced by resistant varieties in carantinate areas and will take measures to maintain the purity of these biological species.
18. Warehousing plant products will be disinfected and disinsectised annually, both before the introduction of the products, as well as during their storage, using pesticides which do not affect their quality.
19. Performing screening, prevention and control of pests, diseases and weeds shall be made within the time limits established by the decision-making bodies for the protection of plants grown with the means and under the conditions specified by these organs, depending on the specifics of each culture and geographical area.
20. The work of the control will be carried out with appropriate parameters and enrolled in the technical sheet, to avoid reducing or overcoming doses of pesticides, waste, environmental pollution and their hurting workers handyman.
Appendix 2 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS to ensure the hygiene condition of forests 1. The cultures of Solaria and nurseries will only use seeds packed and treated according to the technical instructions laid down by the Ministry of forestry.
2. Crops from nurseries, the crops and osieries trees and fruit bushes will perform maintenance work on time and will destroy the weeds and other plant species that are in the host for pests and diseases.
3. crop rotation should be respected in nurseries, laid down in the approved plans, according to the technology.
4. Each year, during September and October, will perform in all nurseries phyto of cultures, which will issue the phytosanitary certificate for seedlings without attacks of pests and diseases of quarantine, which can be used for afforestation.
5. In solariums, nurseries and osieries shall be carried out in a timely manner preventive and curative treatments against pests and disease, according to the technical instructions laid down by the Ministry of forestry.
6. Heads of forestry nurseries will declare the phytosanitary quarantine organ in which the nursery is located in the cases in question are nurseries to grow and fruit planting material grafted-Apple, pear, mulberry and walnut.
7. rachitariilor Foundation will only use cuttings from the mother plant crops that are not attacked by pests or pathogens.
8. run the osieries May-June and august-September plant-health checks, in order to make detection of pests and diseases and taking timely measures to prevent and combat them.
9. Nature reserves of seed will not be set up in the forests in which they are endemic pests that affect report quality or quantity fructificatiei.
10. Execution of afforestation will be made only after completion of the health inspection of the soil, in order to establish with the larvae of infestarii Khan.
11. fallen Trees, ripped and doboriti of wind or snow, dry or attacked by pests and diseases are going to pull out and capitalize on a priority basis.
12. In softwood stands where he produced virfurilor tree breakage will extract the first emergency, whose Crown is torn over a third, and those with broken Crown under one third will be extracted as you begin to exhibit or special attacks of diseases and pests.
13. The forestry softwood is mandatory wearing cioatelor-la pine and spruce, and FIR and spruce at the other through curelare; doborit wood cannot be maintained in the berries and firewood deposits range from 1 April to 1 October.
14. total cioatelor and Debarking trees stand in softwood forest fund shall be made out with the cutting, when this work is performed within the period 1 April-1 October, or until April 1, when the cutting is performed within the period 1 October to 1 April.
15. Cleaning of the prosecutors ' offices operated by mining debris is executed until the latest upon expiry of the removal of woody material.
16. On land covered with forest vegetation outside of the forest fund will remove the resinous trees in the course of drying, torn, or doboriti of wind or snow, or attacked by diseases and pests.
17. Secuirea tree-wearing on a portion around the trees in order to produce drying-is prohibited.
18. In order to prevent damage from hunting puietilor from plantations and natural promotes action will be taken to protect them with the help of repellents against substances and other procedures provided for in the technical standards of the Ministry of forestry.