Law No. 62 Of 30 October 1974 On Inventions And Innovations

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 62 din 30 octombrie 1974 privind inventiile şi inovatiile

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LAW No. 62 of 30 October 1974 on inventions and innovations of the ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY and published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 137 of 2 November 1974 Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 In the Socialist Republic of Romania the State ensures the continuous development of scientific and technical creation undertaken by men of science, researchers, professionals, workers, technicians and other frameworks of research, design, production, and education for the development of inventions and innovations, which contribute to the development of economy, science and culture at the multilateral progress of socialist society.


Article 2 the men of science, researchers, planners, professionals and other working people of production, education and economic establishments have the duty to conduct a permanent activity for the development of inventions and innovations of high economic and social efficiency, so as to capitalize on the potential of senior-level scientific and technical thinking of the Romanian people.


Article 3 Central Research Institutes, academies of science, research, design and education, as well as other socialist organisations are required to stimulate and guide the work of the scientific and technical frameworks for the development of inventions which ensures the promotion of technical progress and of the economy and the concept of taking all measures for their efficiency in production in the social and cultural activity.


Article 4 Inventions, like the shape of materialisation of scientific and technical creative thinking, should contribute to: (a) the introduction into national economy) and in social and cultural activity of the new discoveries of science and technology;
  

b) realization of new technologies and the modernisation of existing products with the introduction of the new enhancement in the development of industry, agriculture, construction, and other sectors of the national economy, as well as in the field of environmental protection;
  

c) widening the base of raw materials, reduction of costs of production, the consumption of raw materials and energy;
  

d) raising of mechanization and automation of production processes in the economy, increase productivity, enhance the effectiveness of social work, the economic profitability and relief efforts of the workers;
  

continuous improvement e) technical means intended for serving the needs of the population and enriching material and spiritual life of the people;
  

f) healthcare, improvement of service and social-cultural work table;
  

g) increased capacity of the country;
  

h) increased competitiveness of Romanian products on the international market, intensifying the participation of its own scientific and technical creation, to the exchange of material and spiritual values.
  


In article 5 the central ministries, other bodies and units of the State Socialist, co-operative and public are required to identify the original technical ideas and creations, to ensure their protection through patents and to take the necessary measures for research, design, experimentation, implementation and generalization of inventions in all areas of activity, in accordance with the provisions of this law. Socialist organizations also have a duty to assist the legal and technical inventions authors to develop forms of patentability of inventions.


Article 6 the Central Research Institutes, academies of science, research, design and educational conception in Central bins and enterprises, as well as patent holders, are required to follow the way that apply to inventions made, efficient production and to ensure continuous improvement of the technical solutions adopted.


Article 7 In the Socialist Republic of Romania, the scientific and technical creations which satisfy the conditions laid down in law to constitute inventions are protected by patents of inventions, granted by the State Office for inventions and trademarks.


Article 8 Rights in respect of inventions of the Romanian natural and legal persons, as well as of foreigners residing in the Socialist Republic of Romania, are recognized and protected under this law.
Foreigners resident abroad, and foreign legal entities, benefit from the provisions of this law, under conditions laid down by the international conventions to which the Socialist Republic of Romania is a party, and failing that, on the basis of reciprocity.


Article 9 right to exploit inventions belongs to state that conditions for experimentation, harnessing, development and their generalization.


Chapter 2 the invention and its article 10 protection Constitutes an invention within the meaning of this law, the creation or scientific technique, presenting novelty and progress toward the world stage of the art known, who has never been patented or made public in the country or abroad, represents a technical solution and can be applied to solving problems in economics, science, health care, national defense, or in any other area of economic and social life.


Article 11 Invention that improves times making an invention, for which there is a patent in force and may not be used without the patented invention constitute complementary previously.


Article 12 Inventions contrary to law, the rules of socialist coexistence or the application would negatively affect the development of the society, are not patentable inventions.


Article 13 is the author of an invention the person who created the invention.
If the invention is the result of joint activity, everyone who had a creative contribution are considered co-authors. People who have given technical assistance to achieve the invention, but who did not have a creative contribution cannot be co-authors.


Article 14 Patent for invention is granted as follows: (a) the organizations) the Socialist Republic of Romania-made inventions for: people falling into a Socialist Organization during the contract of employment and in connection with their work;
-inventions resulting from work carried out at the request of or with the aid of Socialist organizations;

b) Socialist organizations of State for inventions that relate to substances produced by nuclear methods, chemical, drugs, diagnostic procedures and medical treatments, disinfectants, food and condiments, as well as new varieties of plants, bacteria and fungi, new breeds of animals and, regardless of the conditions under which they were made;
  

(c) the individual authors) or collectively with other inventions than those referred. the a and b)).
  


Article 15 For inventions whose holder is patent Socialist Organization shall be granted to the author of an inventor's certificate.
For the inventions referred to in art. 14 lit. (c)), the author or group of authors can assign all rights with respect to the invention of a Socialist organizations or patent.


Article 16 shall be granted For inventions of complementary patents for inventions in the same conditions as for the inventions that you completed.


Chapter 3 procedure for patenting of inventions in article 17 of the invention patent application, accompanied by the necessary documentation in front, registering with the State Office for inventions and trademarks, the regular store, and ensure that the applicant's right of priority with effect from the date of lodging the deposit, compared with any other deposit later concerning the same invention.


Article 18 application for patent shall be filed at the State Office for inventions and trademarks by the Socialist Organization at the request in writing of the author or ex officio.
When Socialist Organization does not grant the request by the author within 30 days, it may be addressed directly to the application with the State Office for inventions and trademarks.
The patent application shall be forwarded by the opinion toward the Romanian State Office for inventions and trademarks, the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design of profile within 15 days of registration.


Article 19 the Romanian natural and legal persons and those of the States parties to the conventions concerning inventions to which the Socialist Republic of Romania is a party, and their asimilaţii shall be entitled, under the present law, a right of priority of 12 months with effect from the date of the first deposit, if you require within this period, for the same invention, the granting of a patent.


Article 20 recognizes a priority exhibition of 6 months from the date of the exhibition, for patentable inventions exhibited in a national or international exhibition, official or officially recognized exhibition organized on the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania or States with which it has concluded conventions to this end times in the States that provide such a right, under condition of reciprocity. This priority will not extend the period of priority laid down in article 21. 19. Article 21 Priorities. 19 and 20 are recognized if you are invoked with the filing of the application for patent for invention and if, within 3 months from the date of application, confirm by legislative priority.


Article 22


Patent for invention is granted by the State Office for inventions and trademarks, examination of the application in terms of fulfilment of the conditions for the existence of a patentable invention, based on the opinion of the central research institutes of the Academy of Sciences or research institutes and design. The opinion shall be forwarded to the State Office for inventions and trademarks within 30 days of receipt of the necessary documentation for certification.
In the examination of the application by the State Office for inventions and trademarks, it is entitled to ask the applicant to submit further data to demonstrate that the subject matter of the invention satisfies the conditions for patentability. Socialist organizations are obliged, at the request of and as to the time limits laid down by the State Office for inventions and trademarks, to carry out the work and submit the information necessary for examining the application for patent for invention.


Article 23 the decision granting the patent of invention or of a reasoned rejection of the patent application shall be taken within a maximum period of 2 years from registration.
Patents shall be entered in the register of patents of invention.


Article 24-the period of validity of a patent is for 15 years, starting from the date of lodging the deposit filing. For the certificate of invention, the supplementary period of validity shall be limited to that of the patent granted for the invention on which a complement, but not shorter than 10 years.


Chapter 4 Application and generalization of inventions Article 25 Central Research Institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design of the profile, within 30 days after the filing of the application for the grant of the patent for invention in the State Office for inventions and trademarks, to analyse and to rule over the possibilities for design, realization, testing recovery in the country, and of the respective invention and to submit the necessary documentation to the Ministry or body whose central branch of activity can be applied.
Ministries and other central organs are required within 30 days of receipt of the documentation according to the preceding paragraph, to establish the Socialist Organization of patent owner and notify it of the State Office for inventions and trademarks, and to take measures to introduce the invention in the plan.


Article 26 the Socialist Organization of patent owner is obliged to experiment, to draw up projects and to apply the invention within one year following the designation as a holder. In duly justified cases, this time limit may be extended by central research institutes, academies of Sciences or bodies of central authorities.


Article 27 research, experimentation and implementation of inventions are made by Socialist organizations to include in their own plans or in the single national economic and social development, based on a study of the technical-economic justification endorsed by central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design.
Application and generalization of an experienced and proven inventions in industry or in other sectors of the national economy, in order to replace or enhance lines and technological processes, installations, appliances or other products, will be made solely on the basis of a technical-economic study, the central Research Institute, Academy of Sciences of the central body, or with the consent of the National Council for Science and technology.


Article 28 research, experimentation and testing of new varieties of plants, bacteria and fungi, new breeds of livestock and Silkworm should be made within the time limits and under the conditions laid down in the law.


Article 29 patented Inventions for which organizations are holding the Socialist Republic of Romania can be used free of charge and without carrying out any formalities of any Romanian Socialist Organization, with the obligation for the latter to announce the State Office for inventions and trademarks.
Enterprises and joint ventures with Romanian participation can use the inventions referred to in the preceding paragraph on the basis of contracts concluded with the license holders of patents.


Chapter 5 Certification and valorization of Romanian inventions in other States and foreign inventions in the Socialist Republic of Romania Article 30 Romanian inventions Patenting in other countries is done by the State Office for inventions and trademarks, through the Chamber of Commerce and industry of Romania Socialist Republic, on a proposal by the patent holders, with the opinion of the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design-profile with the conditions laid down in this law.
Expenses for Romanian inventions patenting in other countries and for the maintenance in force of such certificates shall bear the currency Fund centralized through the State Office for inventions and trademarks and shall be made by the Chamber of Commerce and industry of the Socialist Republic of Romania.


Article 31 foreign Patenting Inventions in the Socialist Republic of Romania is the Romanian State Office for inventions and trademarks, the patent holders at the request, transmitted by the Chamber of Commerce and industry of the Socialist Republic of Romania.


Article 32 Harnessing Romanian inventions in other countries is effected by undertakings of external trade, on the proposal of the holders of patents, with the opinion of the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design, through the export of products, facilities and technologies, reciprocal exchange of licenses and through cooperation, in compliance with the legal provisions.


Article 33 capitalizing on foreign inventions in the Socialist Republic of Romania is through foreign trade enterprises, with the opinion of the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design and in agreement with the central body.


Article 34 Certification and valorization of inventions made on the basis of cooperation agreements or cooperation or within enterprises and ventures in which the State is a party or a Romanian Socialist Organization ensure appropriate provisions of these conventions.


Chapter 6 rights and obligations Article 35 by awarding patents ensure the holder of a patent has the exclusive right to use the invention within the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania.


Article 36 through the inventor's certificate inventor's quality is recognized by the author of the invention.


Article 37 authors of inventions applied in the national economy are rewarded by moral and material: the granting of titles of scientific order and medals, professional degrees, the promotion by way of exception, the awarding of prizes and other rewards-money determined by the economic and social advantages of post.
Monetary rewards are calculated for each invention in part, on the basis of rules approved by the Council of Ministers, on a proposal from the National Council for Science and technology, the Ministry of finance and the Ministry of labour.
The size of the bounty to be paid for each invention is approved by the National Council for science and technology and the Ministry of finance, at the initiative of the Socialist Organization holding a patent on the advice of the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or central body protected.
Payment is made by the Socialist Organization of invention, of actual savings resulting from the application of the invention, calculated annually on the basis of the rules set out in paragraph 1. 2. Article 38 monetary Reward for an annual invention applied in the economy settles down to the level of three times the monthly tariff remuneration function scientific researcher from that branch. Reward period may be no more than 5 years.
The size of the reward is the same, regardless of the number of authors, and paying them only for the period in which the invention is effectively enforced.
Where an author has multiple patents applied, the amount of the annual reward shall not exceed the level referred to in paragraph 1. 1. The authors of inventions applied are entitled to rewards provided for in the first paragraph, independently of awards that can be given as required by law.


Article 39 the nominal track of rewards granted under art. 38 shall be held at the Romanian State Office for inventions and trademarks, on the basis of the data communicated by the Socialist organizations paying.


Article 40 the development of inventions in the scientific research and design, under contract, by the research units and the design is one of the main tasks of the scientific and technical training of these units.
For inventions applied in economics, carried out under the terms of the preceding paragraph, the author can receive in relation to economic efficiency obtained awards equivalent to no more than three times his monthly remuneration tariff express that and reward for the invention.
The size of these prizes will be calculated on the basis of the rules set out in art. 37 and is granted for only one year of application.
The provisions of this article shall also apply to frames that meet the leadership positions in research, designing, education and in other socialist.


Article 41 National Council for Science and technology advice to ministries or other central organs concerned may submit to the Council of Ministers proposals for the granting of special rewards for inventions of importance scientific, technical, technological, economic or social.



Article 42 the inventor is obliged to provide the necessary technical assistance, to participate at the request of Socialist organizations holding patents, design, experimentation, implementation and generalization of inventions, to give unto them and to meet any other requirements prescribed by law with a view to front of inventions.
Socialist Organization requesting technical assistance to inventor support travel expenses, accommodation, subsistence expenses and remuneration, in accordance with the laws in force.


Article 43 the inventor shall have the right to mention the inventor, the name and surname of the patent for invention, the invention and description in any publications or documents relating to his invention and the right to pass the inventor in the book of job.


Article 44 Right to the grant of the patent for invention, the right to the patent, as well as economic rights arising from a patent for invention, can be transmitted.
They can also be transmitted to the economic rights arising from the inventor's certificate.


Article 45 rights concerning the use of the invention shall be registered at the State Office for inventions and trademarks by the patentee and shall become effective against third parties only from the date of its registration.


Article 46 Inventions that do not belong to the Socialist organizations can be used by Socialist organizations concerned, without the consent of the holders of patents, taking into account the agreements and conventions to which the State is a party, on the basis of compulsory licenses granted by the State Office for inventions and trademarks, in the following cases: (a)) public interest are inventions of or in connection with the defence of the State and have not reached an agreement with the holders of certificates;
  

b) inventions have not been applied or have been insufficiently applied in the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania, without the patent holder should be able to justify its inactiunea for 3 years from the date of issue of the patent for invention.
  

Compulsory licenses granted do not give the right to the exclusive use of the invention to which it relates and may not be transmitted in the form of sublicente than along with the assets of the times with a fraction of this heritage, or if the recipient organization's Socialist reorganization.
Decision concerning the granting or refusal of a licence shall be made in writing to those concerned with showing the reasons, within 5 days of making them.


Article 47 shall not constitute an infringement of the exclusive rights conferred on Socialist organizations and other holders of patents for inventions: the use of patented inventions) in the construction and operation of land-based vehicles, naval and aerial devices or for the operation of such vehicles, belonging to the Member States to the conventions concerning inventions, to which the Socialist Republic of Romania is a party, when these vehicles enter either temporarily or accidentally in the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania , provided that it is done solely for the purposes of vehicles;
  

(b) use of the invention) who has obtained a compulsory license;
  

(c) use of the invention) who has applied the invention or has taken any measures to implement them in good-faith, independent inventor and patent holder before the establishment of deposit, filing of patent application for invention or prior to the date on which the period of priority flows. In this case, the invention can be used further by the person concerned and cannot be transmitted than heritage with a fraction of this heritage or in case of reorganization of Socialist Organization.
  


Article 48 the rights deriving from the patent for invention shall cease upon expiry of the term of protection of the invention or by surrendering the patent holder.
Socialist organizations from the Socialist Republic of Romania may waive the rights decurgind by the owner of the patent for invention only with the opinion of the central Research Institute of Academy of Sciences or the central body.
Renunciation shall take effect from the date of registration of the request for waiver of the State Office for inventions and trademarks.


Article 49 the registration and examination of applications for patents for inventions, the maintenance in force of patents for inventions, and any other acts or services carried out by the State Office for inventions and trademarks in connection with patents of inventions, are subject to the fees established under the decision of the Council of Ministers.
Charge of maintenance in force of patents for inventions shall be paid annually during the period of validity.
Are exempt from charges: a) lodgement patents for inventions when they deposited with it and a statement of transfers to a Socialist Organization;
  

b) actions and claims, including those for inventors who are pursued and remedies in respect of inventions which are subject, under the law, the inventor's certificates.
  

The Ministry of finance, the proposal of the State Office for inventions and trademarks, may grant exemptions or reductions of fees in cases other than those referred to in paragraph 1. 3. natural or legal persons, Romanian times.
Holders of patents for inventions, meaning, by operation of law, of the rights conferred by patents, if you do not pay the annual fees and charges increases in due time.


Article 50 Patent for invention shall be cancelled, partially or totally, by the State Office for inventions and trademarks by the Commission for the resolution of complaints concerning inventions, where it is found that the invention was not brevetabila according to the provisions of article 3. 12 or were not fulfilled the legal conditions for the existence of patentable invention.
Application for annulment of a patent of invention can be made throughout the term of protection of the invention.
The cancellation of the patent for invention has the effect of cancelling the certificate issued to the inventor for invention of the Romanian State Office for inventions and trademarks.


Article 51 when through a judgement is satisfied that a person other than that which is given in the patent as the inventor of the invention is entitled to the issuance of the patent, the State Office for inventions and trademarks shall issue the certificate to the person entitled.


Chapter 7 resolution of disputes concerning decisions of the inventions in article 52 with respect to inventions can be appealed to the Commission for the resolution of complaints concerning inventions within the State Office for inventions and trademarks, by Socialist organizations or persons concerned.
Appeals are brought within three months of the notification of decisions and solve it within 30 days of registering complaints.


Article 53 Decisions handed down by the Commission for the resolution of complaints concerning inventions within the State Office for inventions and trademarks are final, except for decisions relating to the grant of the patent for invention or for a patent application to be rejected, which may be appealed to the Appeal Court of Bucharest within three months of communication.


The introduction of article 54 of the opposition to suspend settlement, execution of the payment of the reward money. These amounts should be reported to the House and, until the Consemnaţiuni opposition.


Article 55 the Commission for settling complaints concerning inventions within the State Office for inventions and trademarks or the courts may require the re-introduction of the party concerned, if it is found that the time limits were exceeded in duly justified reasons. If the time limit laid down in article 21. 19, ordering the reinstatement period only for reasons of force majeure.
The request for relief is made within 2 months of the removal of the case which justify exceeding the time limit but not later than one year after the expiry of the unobserved time limit.


Article 56 application of invention or taking measures to implement them, carried out in good faith, prior to the re-introduction of the holder of the patent term, entitlement to the continued application of the invention and may not be transmitted than along with the assets of the times with a fraction of this heritage or in case of reorganization of the legal person.


Article 57 final Decision regarding payment of some amount of money, if the invention for inventor's certificate has been granted, constitute legal title.


Article 58 the rewards obtained by non-authors is returned in accordance with the law of those who were charged.


Article 59 the Commission for the resolution of complaints relating to inventions in the framework of the State Office for inventions and trademarks shall be composed of five experts, including the Director-general of the Office, as President.
The Organization and functioning of the Commission for the resolution of complaints relating to inventions in the framework of the State Office for inventions and trademarks shall be determined by regulation, approved by the Executive Board of the National Council for science and technology, which approves and nominal component of the Commission, at the proposal of the State Office for inventions and trademarks.


Article 60 Disputes in connection with the author or co-author of an invention's reward trading division or other property rights between the coauthors, and any other disputes relating to rights deriving from patents of inventions, wedge, licenses and compulsory licensing, it settles for the courts, in accordance with the provisions of the code of civil procedure.


Chapter 8 concerning the State secrets Defense the inventions Article 61


All inventions for which certification is requested, created by Romanian citizens or foreign nationals residing in the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania, constitute State secrets until the certification and publication in the Bulletin for patents and trademarks, or until they were dispatched abroad by the State Office for inventions and trademarks, with a view to front in other States.
Documentation drawn up in Socialist organizations, works or doctoral theses which renders the results of scientific researches and comprising inventions patentable, as well as technical data and experimentation and any other technological knowledge, information or experiences in relation to technical inventions also constitutes State secrets, according to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, from the time of their establishment.


Article 62 After patenting still retains the character of State secret: a) inventions relating to the defense of the country;
  

b), inventions from the superior interests of the State or of the national economy, assigned this character.
  

Invention classification in the category of those referred. It's made of) the Ministry of national defense or the Ministry of the Interior, and the classification of the invention in the category of those referred. b) is made by the Ministry of industry which can be applied.
When higher interests, the State or the national economy, the Ministry of national defense, Ministry of Interior times considers that the invention must not be subjected to further arrangements provided for under (a). the Ministry), and the branch of activity can be considered invention the invention must not be subjected to further arrangements provided for under (a). b), such inventions shall be subject to the arrangements laid down in article 21. 61. Article 63 Patent Applications relating to inventions referred to in art. 61 shall be entered in the register of patent applications filed, and their title will be published in the Bulletin for patents and trademarks, with the exception of applications for the inventions referred to in art. 62 lit. the Patent Claims). concerning the inventions referred to in art. 62 shall be recorded in a separate book.
The production, multiplication, handling, submission of patents at the Romanian State Office for inventions and trademarks, preservation, transportation and access to works concerning the inventions referred to in art. 61 and 62 shall be made in compliance with the legal provisions in force concerning the State secrets defense. Patent Applications and documentation required in front of people who made are not classified in the Socialist organizations shall be submitted to the executive committees of councils and shall be transmitted immediately by the State Office for inventions and trademarks.
Translation of documents relating to inventions to be patented abroad is done by their holders, under the conditions laid down in paragraph 1. 3. Article 64 Persons assigned to work the State Office for inventions and trademarks, which collaborates with the Office, as well as any persons who carry out work in relation to inventions, are obliged to keep secret the State of the data contained in the applications for patents and other documents relating to the invention, in accordance with the legal provisions concerning the defence of State secrecy.


Chapter 9 Innovations Article 65 Constitute innovation achievement technique that presents novelty nationally, economic progress and social times, solve a problem in the industry or in any field of economy, science, culture, healthcare and defense of the country or in any other area of social and economic life and has never been applied in the territory of the Socialist Republic of Romania.


Article 66 the demand for innovation should be entered under the Socialist Organization which is framed by the author or the Socialist Organization to which you can apply.
Proposal of innovation which relate to the defense of the country shall be recorded in the Ministry of national defense or the Ministry of the Interior.


Article 67 is the author of a person who has achieved innovations it and recorded it the teeth.
If innovation is the result of joint activities, all persons who had a contribution to it are considered co-authors.


Article 68 an Author has the right to receive innovations a certificate of innovator. By providing innovative certificate acknowledging its authorship of innovation that can give you the right to highlight and promote the work, giving orders and medals and other distinctions.


Article 69 the Socialist Organization which has been recording the proposed innovation is obliged, within 15 days from the date of registration, to convey the proposal together with the required documentation to the central Ministry or other body to which it is subordinated.


Article 70 the Ministry or other central body which received the proposal for innovation is required, within a period not exceeding two months following the receipt of the proposal, to examine in terms of technically and economically feasible and ask for confirmation of the news nationally and the opportunity of applying the central Research Institute, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design.


Article 71 the Ministry or other central body which received the proposal of innovation within 15 days of receipt of confirmation upon issuing of novelty.


Article 72 decision on the design, experimentation and application of innovations are adopted by the governing body of the collective which apply, with the consent of the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design, based on answer to the effectiveness of technical and economic, not later than 6 months after registration of the proposal.


Article 73 For innovations that presents an economic or social importance altogether, a proposal from the Socialist organizations where they applied, the Ministers may approve guardianship authorities, on the advice of the central research institutes, academies of Sciences or research institutes and design, a premiere, equivalent to the amount of not more than three times the monthly tariff of remuneration in accordance with the legal provisions inovatorului for the first year of application, regardless of the number of innovations implemented in that year in the case of innovation conducted jointly by several persons, awarding is equivalent to no more than three times the monthly tariff of remuneration coautorului with the highest remuneration.
Decisions regarding innovations can be appealed to the Commission for the resolution of complaints concerning inventions within the State Office for inventions and trademarks.
Appeals are brought within three months of the notification of decisions and solve through definitive rulings, within 2 months after the registration of a complaint.


Chapter 10 Powers, responsibilities and sanctions Article 74 National Council for Science and technology is responsible for the implementation of the policy of the party and rule in the area of inventions and other forms of industrial property, in which purpose directs and coordinates the State Office for inventions and trademarks, State Organization, republican interest, with autonomous activity.
The State Office for inventions and trademarks shall examine innovation and technical progress of inventions and grant patents for inventions, directs, and controls work on pursuing the experimentation, implementation and valorization of inventions and is responsible for work on the protection of inventions in the Socialist Republic of Romania.


Article 75 the General Union of trade unions of Romania leads to mass movement of inventors and innovators, and, according to its powers, public control on the activity of inventions and innovations.


Article 76 ministries and other central organs, industrial plants and holding patent organizations responsible for enrolling in the plan of research, development, testing, implementation, enhancement and generalization of inventions.


Article 77 people with leadership positions from the Socialist organizations are obliged to take measures for the identification and protection of inventions by patents, design, experimentation, implementation and valorization of inventions and innovations.
Failure to comply with the obligations referred to in the preceding paragraph shall entail disciplinary responsibility of administrative, civil, criminal, material, appropriate times.
Socialist organizations will recover damages from the perpetrators, in accordance with the regulations in force.


Article 78 the appropriation without, in any way, the quality of the author of an invention or innovation constitutes infringement and is punishable by imprisonment from 6 months to 2 years or by a fine.
Criminal proceedings shall be in motion on its own initiative.


Article 79 the filing of an application for a patent abroad in order to obtain the patent for invention, before being registered in the country, as well as harnessing the invention abroad of people neimputernicite for this purpose, constitutes an offence and is punishable by imprisonment from 6 months to 2 years, or with fine, apart from cases in which constitutes a crime worse.


Chapter 11 final and transitory provisions Article 80 Rewards for inventions and innovations with economic efficiency will pay from savings actually made pursuant to them, calculated according to the provisions of art. 37 and 38.


Article 81 patent applications for inventions registered with the State Office for inventions and trademarks, which are being examined, and those that are within the Socialist organizations and in respect of which there was taken a decision accepting or rejecting, deciding in accordance with the provisions of this law.

Proposals for unresolved before the innovations entry into force of this law shall be settled in accordance with the provisions of this law.
The rewards are not paid until the date of entry into force of this law shall determine and pay in accordance with the provisions of this Act, regardless of the title and the date on which it was entitled to the reward.


Article 82 the present law shall enter into force three months after its publication in the Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Romania.


Article 83 on the date of entry into force of the present law shall repeal the Decree nr. 884/1967 on inventions, innovations and rationalizarile, as well as any other provisions to the contrary.
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