Law No. 1 Of 28 March 1974 Amending The Constitution Of The Socialist Republic Of Romania

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 1 din 28 martie 1974 privind modificarea Constituţiei Republicii Socialiste România

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Law No. 1 of 28 March 1974 amending the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY and published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 45 of 28 March 1974 National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.


Article 1 in article 43 of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania, comprising the main tasks of the great National Assembly, alter it as follows: 1. Point 4 shall read as follows: "4. Organise the Council of Ministers; sets the General rules for the organisation and functioning of ministries and other central organs of State; "
2. After paragraph 9, add paragraph 9 ^ 1, which shall read as follows: "9 ^ 1. Elect and dismiss the President of the Socialist Republic of Romania; "
3. Point 14 shall read as follows: "14. Supervise the work of the Socialist Republic of Romania and the President of the Council of State; "
4. Section 23 is repealed.


Article 2 in article 54 shall modify and shall read as follows: Art. 54. the National Assembly-working sessions.
Ordinary sessions of the National Assembly shall be convened twice a year, at the initiative of the great National Assembly Office.
National Assembly convenes, whenever necessary, in extraordinary session, at the initiative of the Council of State, of the Grand National Assembly or at least a third of the total number of Deputies.
Convening the sessions of the National Assembly shall be by Decree of the State Council. "


Article 3 in article 57 shall modify and shall read as follows: Art. 57.-after their adoption by the National Assembly, the laws shall be published in the Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Romania, within 10 days, under the signature of the President of the Socialist Republic of Romania. "


Article 4 Articles 63 and 64 change and will read as follows: Art. 63.-the Council of State to exercise the following powers: 1. Establishes the date of the elections for the National Assembly and the popular councils;
2. ministries and other organs Organize central State;
3. Ratify and denounce international treaties, except those whose ratification is a matter for the Grand National Assembly;
4. Establishes military ranks;
5. Establish the decorations and honorary titles.
Art. 64.-the Council of State, in the interval between sessions of the Grand National Assembly, the following main tasks: 1. Establishes, without being able to modify the Constitution, rules, regulations. The rules laid down by law shall be subject, at its first session, the great National Assembly debate, according to the procedure for passing laws. Single national plan economic and social development, the State budget, as well as the general account of the end of the budget year, may be adopted by the Council of State only when the National Assembly cannot convene because of exceptional circumstances;
2. Appoint and dismiss the President of the Council of Ministers;
3. Appoint and revoke the Council of Ministers and the Supreme Court, when the National Assembly cannot convene because of exceptional circumstances;
4. Give laws interpretation general-mandatory;
5. Grant Amnesty;
6. Monitoring compliance with the laws and ordinances of the great National Assembly, Council of Ministers, the ministries and other central bodies of State administration, as well as the work of the Prosecutor; listen to the reports of the Supreme Court and its decisions controls guidance; controls the popular councils decisions;
7. Declares that in case of emergency, General or partial mobilization;
8. Declare that in case of emergency, the State of war. The State of war may be declared only in case of armed assaults against the Socialist Republic of Romania or of another State to which the Socialist Republic of Romania has mutual defense obligations under international treaties, if the situation has occurred for which the obligation of declaring State of war is statornicită.
Powers provided for in this article may be exercised by the Council of State and the Grand National Assembly sessions, where economic and social needs so require the adoption of measures to neintirziata, and the National Assembly is not met in plenary session; rules and regulations are subject to debate the great National Assembly, according to the procedure for the adoption of laws, at the resumption of the work. "


Article 5 shall be added after article 65 Article 65 ^ 1 with the following content: "Art. 65 ^ 1. -Socialist Republic of Romania's President is the President of the State Council. "


Article 6 Article 68 shall modify and shall read as follows: Art. 68.-the Council of State shall issue decrees and adopt decisions.
Decrees and decisions shall be signed by the President of the Socialist Republic of Romania. Normative decrees shall be published in the Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Romania. "


Article 7 under "title III. The supreme bodies of State power "after the" State Council "insert a new section having following contents:" the Socialist Republic of Romania's President.
Art. 69 ^ 1. -Socialist Republic of Romania's President is head of State and represents the State power in domestic and international relations of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
Art. 69 ^ 2. -Socialist Republic of Romania's President is elected by the National Assembly for the duration of the parliamentary term, in its first session, and remain in Office in the election of the President in the next legislature.
Art. 69 ^ 3. -At his choice, the President of the Socialist Republic of Romania deposited in front of the great National Assembly the following oath: "I swear to serve the fatherland, faith to act firmly to defend the independence, integrity and sovereignty of the country, for the welfare and happiness of all the people, for the edification of socialism and communism in the Socialist Republic of Romania!
I swear to respect the Constitution and the laws and to defend the country, to do everything for the consistent application of the principles of Socialist democracy, for the affirmation of life in the society of Socialist ethics and equity!
I swear to bump neabatut foreign policy of friendship and Alliance with the socialist countries, collaboration with all nations of the world, without distinction of social orinduire, on the basis of equal rights, solidarity with the revolutionary forces, progressive, peace and friendship between peoples!
I swear that I will always do their duty with honor and devotion for the brilliance and magnificence of our nation's Socialist, Socialist Republic of Romania! "
Art. 69 ^ 4. -Socialist Republic of Romania's President is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and Chairman of the Defence Council of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
Art. 69 ^ 5. Romania-Socialist President, performs in accordance with the Constitution and the laws, the following main tasks: 1. Shall preside over the Council of State;
2. Presides the Council of Ministers when it appears necessary;
3. Appoint and revoke, upon the proposal of the President of the Council of Ministers, Vice-Presidents of the Council of Ministers, Ministers and Presidents of other central bodies of State administration, which form part of the Council of Ministers; appoint and dismiss heads of Central State organs, which are not part of the Council of Ministers; appoint and dismiss the members of the Supreme Court;
4. While National Assembly is not met in plenary or, appoint and dismiss the President of the Supreme Court and the general prosecutor;
5. Grant of general ranks, Admiral and Marshal;
6. Imparts an honorary titles and decorations; authorize the wearing of decorations awarded by other States;
7. Grant pardon;
8. Grant citizenship, renunciation of citizenship to approve withdrawing Romanian citizenship; approve the establishment of residence in Romania for the citizens of other States;
9. The right of asylum;
10. Establishes the ranks of diplomatic missions, accredit and recall diplomatic envoys of the Socialist Republic of Romania;
11. Receives credentials and recall of diplomatic representatives of other States;
12. International Treaties Concluded on behalf of the Socialist Republic of Romania; can give powers to this end, the President of the times some members of the Council of Ministers or diplomatic representatives;
13. In the interests of aparararii Socialist Republic of Romania, of ensuring public order or State security, proclaiming, in case of emergency, in some localities or throughout the country, the State of necessity.
In carrying out its duties, the President of the Socialist Republic of Romania issuing presidential decrees and decisions.
Art. 69 ^ 6. -Socialist Republic of Romania's President is liable to the National Assembly for its entire business.
President of the Socialist Republic of Romania shall periodically submit to the great National Assembly on the relevant account of his duties and on the development of the State. "


Article 8 Article 73 shall modify and shall read as follows: Art. 73.-Council of Ministers consists of the President of the Council of Ministers, Vice-Presidents of the Council of Ministers, Ministers, and the Presidents of other central bodies of State administration, referred to by law. The Council of Ministers may designate one of the Vice-Presidents, to fulfil the post of first Vice President.
In the Council of Ministers, as well as members of the Central Council, the President of the General Union of trade unions, the President of the National Union of agricultural cooperatives of production, President of the National Council of women and the first Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth Union.

The Council of Ministers may constitute an Executive Office for solving current problems in the stock and follow up the execution of judgments of the Council of Ministers. "


Article 9 the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Romania will be in the Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Romania, Rosca articles a new numbering. At the same time, the name of the State plan of the Constitution is replaced by that of the unique national economic and social development.
This law was adopted by the National Assembly at its meeting on 28 March 1974.
President of the great National Assembly, ŞTEFAN VOITEC-------