Law No. 3 Of 20 April 1972 Concerning The Interior Trade Activity

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 3 din 20 aprilie 1972 cu privire la activitatea de comerţ interior

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Law No. 3 of 20 April 1972 (* updated *) regarding trade activity (updated until December 17, 1990 *) ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY — — — — — — — — — — — — — — *) form of this updated regulatory action until December 17, 1990 is carried out by the legal department within the S.C. "territorial Center of Electronic Computing" Piatra Neamt by including all the changes and additions brought about by Decree-Law No. 67 of 8 February 1990; Law No. 12 of august 6, 1990; Law No. 31 of 16 November 1990.
The contents of this act is not an official document, being intended for informing users in the sustained Development of the productive forces, improving the Organization and leadership of all economic activity, social relations, have ensured the continued growth of the production of material goods and, on this basis, systematic and multilateral lifting of living standards of the whole people, the Supreme goal of the party and rule policy. In recent years has significantly enhanced destined goods Fund supply to households, as well as improve the quality of consumer goods and diversifying the range, thus building a satisfying all best conditions to the requirements of the working people.
The purpose of a modern and efficient trade-related activities, to the current socialist trade requirements must employ on a large scale scientific methods of investigation of demand for goods, to pursue an active role upon production, in order to adapt it to the needs of operational supply of population from towns and villages and to stimulate the interest of buyers for the products manufactured by our industry of consumer goods.
Bodies and commercial organizations have the duty to take measures for the preservation and judicious management of goods, organization and rational distribution of territory of commercial network, upgrading of the process of sale of goods, increasing the economic efficiency of the entire activities.
Raising commercial activity on a Centaur upper stage, carrying out in good condition of the important tasks assigned to this sector in the current phase, require particular concern for the improvement of political and professional preparation of the workers in the trade. The Commerce Gateway full responsibility in front of the company for the way they manage and monetize the assets entrusted to it. At the same time, workers in the trade must have proof of permanent versus buyers, professional probity, respect for a social function on meet. Honesty, fairness and dignity must define moral profile of workers in trade.
In order to improve the whole interior trade activities, National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.


Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 In the Socialist Republic of Romania the aim of interior trade activity is the supply of the population with high-quality goods and serving neighborhood to buyers.
State trade organizations and it is as cooperative, according to the plan of development of the national economy, ensure the supply of goods as well as more varied, depending on the season and local flavour, the increased amounts in relation to the purchasing power of working people.


Article 2 Socialist Units producing consumer goods are obliged to take into account the permanent consumer demands, to increase production volume, to continually broaden its product range, to develop large scale making them and focus on constantly improving the quality of goods intended for sale to the public.


Article 3 the improvement and widening of direct relations between commercial organizations and establishments constitute a permanent task both trade and industry. Within a reserved commercial organizations and collaborations, establishments must achieve a profound knowledge of the needs of the consumer, to take measures to adapt the stock production to meet the demand for commodities, to steer the consumers ' preferences, also manufactured by our Socialist industry units.


Article 4 Adincirea of Socialist democracy, the principle of consistent application of collective leadership, the increasing role of the masses require solving essential interior trade activity, attracting all personnel of units to debate and adopt the measures necessary for carrying out the tasks of the plan, the expansion of modern forms of trade, improvement of service to the population.
The leadership of the entire commercial activity is carried out on the basis of the principle of democratic centralism, by combining of activity-based plan, granting broad powers to the competent local bodies and of power and State administration, and commercial organizations.


Article 5 In the Socialist Republic of Romania the population's supply is achieved by: a) State trade organizations;
  

b) commercial units of power stations and industrial State enterprises or agricultural;
  

(c) commercial units) cooperative consumer cooperative, of craft, as well as units of the agricultural production cooperatives, associations and other intercooperatiste organizations;
  

d) members of agricultural cooperatives agricultural producers, manufacturers and craftsmen that undoing their own products;
  

e) authorized natural persons, under certain conditions laid down by law, to conduct trade.
  


Article 6 Repealed.
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Art. 6 has been repealed by article 16. 225 of the law nr. 31 of 16 November 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 126-127 of 17 November 1990.


Article 7 Repealed.
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Art. 7 was repealed by article. 20 of Decree-Law No. 67 of 8 February 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 23 on February 9, 1990.


Article 8 the retail trade shall be responsible to distribute the goods directly to the public through commercial units, placed judiciously in the territory of towns and villages in relation to the supply needs of the population.


Article 9 Repealed.
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Art. 9 was repealed by article. 20 of Decree-Law No. 67 of 8 February 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 23 on February 9, 1990.


Article 10 Trade Organisations shall be responsible towards the customer, according to the law, the quality of the goods sold.
The trade has a duty to increase excellence in goods receipt, so as to avoid penetration of the goods in the commercial network with qualitative deficiencies.
Action to ensure the quality of the goods must begin from the moment of conclusion of the contract by the producer organisations and the trading is carried out throughout the entire production process, receiving and sale, considerindu-is fulfilled only after it has been checked by the behaviour of the product to the buyer.


Article 11 in order to increase economic efficiency, continuous management of commercial organizations are required to take all measures to reduce the costs of systematic circulation, intensive use of technical-material base, introducing new technology, mechanization of the handling and transportation of goods through the use of containerizarii and paletizarii, current funds increased speed, rational use of labor force as well as any other measures aimed at contributing to the achievement of these objectives.


Article 12 conditions to satisfy the increasingly better the requirements of current and perspective buyers ' technical-material base of trade develop in a coordinated manner, in accordance with the provisions of the State plan. In the work of the settlements, as well as in the elaboration of projects of housing, will establish the necessary amenities and services their location and stages of implementation so that all these units to be put into use at the same time as the housing.


Article 13 a significant part of the public to comply is entrusted to the staff of the trade. It has a special obligation, responsibility, to householders with care goods, other material means as well as the amount of money that the receipt, to ensure the uninterrupted Socialist property integrity.
Trade workers have a duty to focus on permanent improvement of vocational training, raising their civic consciousness and political; they must demonstrate a discipline worth the money at work.
In its entire business, trade, which by the nature of his work comes into contact on a daily basis with a large number of citizens, shall develop a civilized behavior, the worthy izvorita, from respect for the people working, fauritorii material and spiritual goods, apply firmly in the principles of ethics and equity life Socialist.


Chapter 2 Rules relating to sourcing and serving the population a. general Article 14 in order to ensure adequate protection to purchasers, serve you the staff of all socialist trade, producers, artisans and individuals authorized to make commerce are obliged: a) to have a careful attitude, worthy and cuviincioasă compared with buyers;
  

b) to arrange and perform orderly, aesthetically appealing and goods;
  

c) to display labels with legal prices, clearly;
  


d) to cintareasca or measure goods in front of buyers in such a way that they can control it with ease, the accuracy of measurement cintaririi or being forbidden the use of mechanisms and instruments that have not been vetted according to law;
  

e) comply with gramajele;
  

f) not favor some purchasers through a preferential supply or serving;
  

g) not make buying products to sell to others;
  

h) to release goods buyers packed properly.
  


Article 15 to meet higher requirements to the fullest extent workers trade buyers are required to control the goods at the time of serving consumers and make them sell their only proper ones.
You are prohibited from selling goods: a) are altered, degraded or defects;
  

(b) the term of validity) were exceeded.
  


Article 16 trade workers are obliged to comply strictly with the rules of hygiene and health concerning the preservation and handling of products. To that end, must keep at work, constantly, a State of perfect cleanliness and order, to care for plants and inventory objects, to have a proper clothing attire, to abide by the rules of personal hygiene.
B. for organizations and commercial establishments and State cooperative Article 17 in order to satisfy the population's consumption requirements, commercial units, the entire management staff in trade, in relation to the tasks, are obliged to supply the commercial units, permanently, with all kinds of goods existing in landfills with raised, in a wide range of smaller, good quality and attractive appearance.


Article 18 management of commercial establishments are obliged to perform, in particular spaces intended for sale, all types available in sufficient quantities.
The products displayed in the showcases you must find and at outlets in department stores.


Article 19 commercial establishments Managements are obliged to keep the goods in good condition so as to ensure the integrity of their quantitative and qualitative research as well as reducing perisabilitatilor.


Article 20 dissolution of the population of food and manufactured goods is done by establishments in retail trade network stores and outlets, orders, retail, exhibition kiosks and other commercial units and only in specific spaces intended for that purpose, in accordance with the legal provisions.
It prohibits the purchase of products by different people, from the State or cooperative trade and storage of these products in order to revinzarii them.
It is forbidden food and manufactured goods to the buyers directly to individual establishments or their stores, stores for commercial establishments of any kind, or in other conditions which are contrary to the provisions of this law.
Units of the Ministry of the armed forces and Ministry of the Interior-located in rural or isolated points-can distribute their own frameworks and their family members, units and formations from deposits, surcharge, at retail price, some food. Rural areas, your choices of food and quantities sold of these establishments shall be approved annually by the heads of central bodies mentioned.
Military units can also sell their own frameworks, at retail price, some items of equipment that are not going through the shopping network.
Some goods such as: furniture, bricks, tiles, precast concrete, Quarry material stock, doborîturi, wood waste resulting from the operation and industrialization of timber and other commodities are determined by laws will be sold to individual buyers at retail prices directly from the producing units.


Article 21 moreover referred to in article duties 14-16 personnel in State-owned commercial units and cooperative shall have the following obligations: a) not reserve goods for supply or other persons;
  

b) not claim and not receive monies or other undue benefits for goods sold or services rendered;
  

c) not serve catering liquor in quantities likely to cause violation of the rules of social cohabitation by consumers;
  

d) not serve minors alcohol in public catering establishments.
  

C. members of agricultural cooperatives agricultural producers, manufacturers and craftsmen Article 22 members of agricultural cooperatives of production and individual growers may sell their, in accordance with the law, our own products, markets, fairs, oboare or in other outlets specifically laid down.
Sale and exchange of agricultural products, in the places referred to in the preceding paragraph, shall be permitted to members of agricultural production cooperatives and individual farmers only on the basis of the certificate to the manufacturer.
The persons referred to in this article may sell their products directly from his own household.


Article 23 Artisans workshops can sell their own population goods they produce, according to the authorization, at the places indicated in the previous article.


Article 24 the disposal by the persons referred to in art. 22 and 23 should be conducted under conditions of civilized trade, in which the purpose of State administration bodies are obliged to take appropriate measures, as well as to prevent and to combat any attempts at speculation on the account of the purchaser.


Article 25 in the case when selling products is done in markets, fairs or oboare, local authorities of State Administration will take measures for buildings and equipment with necessary inventory, with installations to ensure hygienic and sanitary requirements.
D. for individuals who carry out trade article 26 individuals can perform acts of trade only on the basis of the authorization to pursue the activity of trade places and products listed in the permit.
Provisions of art. 24 shall also apply to these individuals.


Article 27 Products: wheat, rye, barley, oats, cornmeal, flours from these grains, seeds of forage plants and oilseeds, cattle, swine, sheep, goats, meat and prepared from the meat of such animals, oil, lard, bacon, skins, and other wine products, as well as other products stipulated by law may not be the subject of trade in particular.
Members of agricultural cooperatives of production and individual growers may sell their products to their own nature as set forth in the preceding paragraph shall, under the conditions laid down in article 21. 22-25 of this Act.


Chapter 3 Duties and responsibilities in connection with the trade of central organs for the administration of the State for the purposes of article 28 in good conditions under the provisions of this law, the Council of Ministers take the necessary measures for the proper organisation and conduct of the business of interior trade, development of the technical-material basis and modernize trade activity throughout the country.
It also lays down, in accordance with the provisions of the law on the establishment of the State plan, the amount of retail and delivery tasks, and in anticipation of, on goods intended for the population's supply of plan holders.


Article 29 Repealed.
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Art. 29 has been repealed by article 16. 20 of Decree-Law No. 67 of 8 February 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 23 on February 9, 1990.


Article 30 commercial organizations and those producing the economic contracts concluded to guarantee supply of establishments and products or assortments of goods cheap in quantities.
In the annual State plans will provide for distinctly from the main products and quantities of goods with cheap prices, and baby items.
Keep quantities of cheap products and baby items at the level of the provisions of the plan and in the structure of economic contracts constitute a violation of the law.


Article 31 the Ministry of internal trade and the State party carries out policy in the field of domestic trade, organizes the entire business of Commerce and is responsible for the proper supply to the population of the cities ' centers and villages.
The Ministry of internal trade and the executive committees of Councils, in administrative-territorial units in which they operate, are responsible for the way in which trade is conducted, the direction and control of all commercial establishments.
As a holder of the plan, the Ministry of internal trade is responsible for the implementation of the plan of retail outlets.
In carrying out the tasks incumbent upon them, coordination and improvement of commercial activity, for proper sourcing and serving the general public, the Ministry of internal trade has the following main tasks: to organize and take action) for the study and knowledge of the demand of the population as a whole and on the structure of the Fund, on various categories of incomes of the population and according to local specifics;
  


b contributing to the development of) systematic production of consumer goods, by behaving like an active role in setting up the range and volumes of goods needed to be made by the producer organisations, in order to supply the population in good condition. For this purpose, the contracting operations of the Fund, in collaboration with the ministries and other central organs were responsible for producing organizations, and commercial times with executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest;
  

c) Guide and influence the tastes and preferences of consumers towards goods made by our Socialist industry; organizes together with the ministries and other central organs, which have subordinated units, producing quality and other advantages that the goods they offer; It also organizes fairs, exhibition pavilions, with sale and other actions aimed at informing the population;
  

d) participate, along with the ministries responsible for producing organizations, in the preparation of trial balances for key consumer goods, and ensures resources are intended for supply to the public;
  

e) establishes, within the framework of the plan, in collaboration with the ministries and other central organs and executive committees of councils and popular of the municipality of Bucharest, which were responsible for organizations with trade inside, plan tasks on counties and Bucharest, as well as commodity Fund at Columbia;
  

f) sets in collaboration with other organs of central interior trade rules for the application of the legal provisions concerning contractual relations between trade organizations and retail; establishes administrative responsibility rests with them for the township proper supply of commercial units; draw up, according to the law, technical rules relating to the delivery of goods from landfills with raised by commercial establishments;
  

g) coordinates, according to law, the import of consumer goods intended for supply to the population and trade of goods to the market with other countries, carried out by the central bodies with interior trade; take steps to ensure that goods imported to satisfy conditions of hygienic-sanitary and quality standards, according to the rules applicable to the territory of our country;
  

h) Guide and monitor commercial organizations with high and those retailers, from its subordination;
  

I) issue, in cooperation with other central organs concerned, rules relating to trade stocks and commodities and commodity fund settlement on commercial organizations, within the counties and Bucharest, corresponding to the needs of supply to the population; draw up, under the same conditions, rules and soldarile rules perisabilitati to goods trade network;
  

j) issues, law, technical rules relating to sale of goods on consignment, as well as for the mediation of sales-purchases of Socialist organizations;
  

k) exercise the powers in the field of prices, tariffs and trade discounts, according to the law;
  

organize it), developing and modernizing the interior trade and improving the conditions of serving the public in the proper units; supports, direct and monitor the achievement of those tasks in the units of other commercial systems;
  

m) issue, in consultation with interested central bodies, rules of organization, location and development of the network; coordinate development programs of commercial network in territorial and systems, ensuring the harmonious development of the entire socialist trade;
  

n) issues, according to the law, the rules concerning the organisational structure and the operation of commercial organizations, in consultation with the ministries, other central executive bodies and committees of the District Councils and popular of Bucharest who responsible for organizations with trade;
  

a) according to the law, lays down the necessary measures relating to the reception of the goods by commercial establishments;
  

p) executive committees of councils grant popular County and Bucharest city specialized assistance, to resolve problems relating to commercial activity;
  

r) organizes, together with the other ministries and central organs concerned, recovery and valorization of packages deriving from the sale of the goods; also, take steps to expand the containerizarii and paletizarii in the transport and handling of goods; take action for making of products in warehouses and commercial units, the completion of quantities of pre-packaged goods, delivered by the producer organisations;
  

s) proposes, together with ministries and other central organs concerned and with the executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest, the specific trades this activity, and network profile and establish the yearly plan schools tuition, according to the law;
  

t) organizes qualification through apprenticeship at work, vocational schools, high schools, schools of specialisation in earthquake engineering, as well as the improvement and specialization through training and retraining centres and through other forms of discipline; is required to ensure the appropriate level of specialized personnel in domestic trade;
  

u) collaborates with the Ministry of education and education for the preparation of cadres with higher education necessary for domestic trade, according to the law; provide for subordination to schools teaching staff and administrative, technical and physical basis and required educational process;
  

v) take action to ensure the appropriate conditions for work of subordinate organizations;
  

x) grant, according to the law, together with the Trade Union branch at the proposal of the executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest, as well as the ministries and other central organs that have responsible organizations with trade inside, distinctive insignia and titles leading commercial organizations and labor unions, outlined, as well as staff with high professional qualifications, with impeccable behaviour and conscientiousness.
  


Article 32 the Minister for domestic trade issue for enforcement of this Act, technical rules regarding commercial activity, mandatory for all commercial establishments and organizations, regardless of the subordination of Socialist, as well as for any other legal persons and natural persons involved in acts of Commerce.


Article 33 the Ministry of domestic trade to exercise control and inspection over the entire State commercial activities inside trade, from towns and villages.


Article 34 the Ministry of internal trade, in collaboration with the Central Union of consumption cooperatives, establishes the list of goods is sold with payment in instalments and the conditions of sale.


Article 35 ministries and other central organs that were responsible for organizations with trade responsible directly inside each in its field, fulfilling the plan of retail outlet, the enlargement and modernisation of the technical-material basis of trade, improvement of Commerce and serving the general public, in order to meet the requirements of consumers can't pay. It also controls how observance of prices and tariffs and the compliance of the quality of products sold and the envisaged at pricing, taking appropriate measures, according to their duties.
Ministers and heads of other central bodies responsible for the Organization of business trade inside may set technical rules with specific activity which it conducts, under rules issued by the Ministry of internal trade.


Article 36 ministries and other central organs who coordinate with organizations inside trade provide, in the framework of outlet on each county and the city of Bucharest, retail tasks for organizations from their subordination, in agreement with the executive committees of councils and city folk.


Article 37 State Committee for Prices on goods prices ensure that intended to supply the population should be established by the competent bodies, in accordance with the rules and criteria laid down by the law. Also, State Committee for Prices meets and other statutory attributions.


Article 38 of the State Inspectorate for quality control of products quality controls of goods intended for supply to the public, take action and impose sanctions according to the duties to be performed.


Article 39 Ministry of health is responsible for making available to the population of a range of appropriate medicines.
To this end it sets out, along with the Ministry of chemical industry and other Central and local organs, the structure of the Fund and the quantities needed to meet the full requirements of the population in this area.
The Ministry of health, together with the executive committees of Councils, organise the network of pharmacies, take action to develop and upgrade their technical base, ensuring the smooth functioning and their supply.


Article 40


Sanitary inspection by the State has the duty to watch over the compliance with hygienic-sanitary rules concerning the production, storage and sale of foods intended for supply to the population. For this purpose, shall carry out controls in trade and public catering, in markets, fairs, oboare and other places, how food and canned goods are handled in order to comply with the rules of hygiene, take measures for the Elimination of deficiencies and to punish those who are guilty of violations of legal norms.
Veterinary health inspection of State seeks legal measures and controls the veterinary, food products of animal origin in enterprises producing, processing, storing, transporting or undoing such products, adopt the necessary measures and impose sanctions according to law.
The Ministry of health and Ministry of agriculture, Food and water will be taken for the proper functioning of inspection bodies and veterinary health and are responsible for compliance with hygienic-sanitary and veterinary trade enterprises, together with the Ministry of domestic trade and executive committees of Councils.


Article 41 the Ministry of internal trade takes measures for the improvement of the information system and to promote modern methods of record keeping and data processing to commercial organizations under its subordination to the executive committees of the popular councils; report to the Council of Ministers the supply situation of the population through trade units.
Together with the Central Directorate of statistics, develop a unified information system, applicable to all organizations with trade.
B. For local authorities of State administration Article 42 executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest organizes retailing in the territorial-administrative units in which they operate and are responsible for the proper supply to the population, judicious management of goods coming from both the central and local resources, the development of the technical-material basis and using its intensive and rational civilized, serving to buyers.
To this end, the exercise the following duties: coordinate, guide to) and controlling the interior trade activity of commercial organizations how easy retail of all commercial systems;
  

b) organise, lead and control their commercial organizations under;
  

c) draft plan and carries out the volume of retail trade sales and other indicators for commercial organizations subordinate to the popular councils, taking measures to ensure the technical and organizational tasks of the entire socialist plan on trade; take measures for judicious allocation of goods at the main settlements and commercial systems; study of the application of the goods arranges population;
  

d) controlling measures taken by local commercial organizations to obtain goods Fund contracted with supplier organizations and avoid the formation of stocks of goods more than necessary;
  

e) take measures to fund completion of goods with products from local resources in order to meet the requirements of consumers in towns and villages;
  

f) exercising powers in matters of prices and tariffs, according to the law;
  

g) shall establish, in accordance with rules issued by the Ministry of internal trade, the demand for commercial areas, diversification and trade network location and catering, for all commercial systems in consultation with interested bodies;
  

h) organize and take measures for developing and modernizing commercial and catering, according to rules issued by the Ministry of internal trade; approve the establishment and abolishment of commercial organisations subordinate units;
  

I) control and shall be responsible for the proper management and sanitary hygienic condition of commercial units within all systems;
  

j) analyse how to supply periodic population by socialist and trade units by manufacturers, taking appropriate measures;
  

k) take steps to supply the population with fuel;
  

l) grant assistance of executive committees of municipal councils, town folk, and communal sector, in order to resolve the problems concerning commercial activity falling within their competence;
  

m) Guide and monitor trade in markets, fairs and oboare;
  

n) authorize individuals to exercise according to law, trade;
  

a) shall arrange for the vocational training of the staff of commercial organizations under the popular councils, through vocational schools, high schools, schools of economic specialization and courses of short duration, in relation to the needs of staff;
  

p) Guide and monitor commercial organizations subordinate to the ways of implementation of legal provisions related to the improvement of vocational training and the raising of the political-educational staff;
  

r) State trade inspection exercise locally, according to the law.
  


Article 43 For the consistent application of measures relating to commercial activity, in addition to executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest are organized commercial directions of local organs of State administration; commercial departments and General Directorate of Bucharest are led, guided and controlled by the executive committees of Councils, being subordinated to the executive committees, councils and the Ministry of internal trade.
Local State trade inspectorates are subordinated both popular councils and their executive committees, as well as the Ministry of internal trade.


Article 44 executive committees of Councils, municipal sector popular, city and municipal services are responsible for the proper supply of the population and has the following main tasks concerning commercial activity: a) take measures to supply commercial organisations subordinate units and controls the entire commercial activity is carried on;
  

b) examines periodically the supply situation of the population and through commercial units manufacturers and take appropriate measures to continue its improvement;
  

(c) approve the establishment and abolition) units of their subordinate organisations; authorize operation of commercial units within all systems;
  

d) shall require the judicious use of commercial spaces and approve orariile operation of commercial establishments, taking into account the needs of the population;
  

(e) the arrangements for the Organization), the management and operation of markets, exhibitions, oboarelor and other places, creating appropriate conditions and controls manufacturers conducting trade activity;
  

f) exercising powers in matters of prices and tariffs, according to the law;
  

g) controls how the commercial units are gospodărite, compliance with the rules relating to the reception, storage, storage of goods in commercial network, and hygiene and health;
  

h) Guide and monitor the implementation of the provisions relating to the improvement of vocational training of professionals in commercial organizations from pursuing their subordination and raising its politico-educational;
  

I) State trade inspection exercise locally, according to the law.
  


Article 45 financial Bodies and other bodies with attributions of control locally shall exercise their powers in relation to the management of goods intended for supply to the population, the observance of prices and tariffs, as well as application of the rules laid down in this law, according to their competence set out in law.
C. For Central and local unions of cooperative Article 46 the Central Union of Consumer Cooperatives and County unions wield mainly the following powers in relation to the supply of the population: the population's supply) organizes through its own commercial network and take measures for the sale of goods of good quality, in various grades, which have a reliable stock, exercised an influence of turn over of goods production for villages; the cooperative consumer organizations should ensure more rational management of goods in their possession, distribution and common areas, according to the requirements of the population and local specifics;
  

b) increased quantity purchases in agri-food products made in households, worrying about the proper use of the surplus product of such households; directs and stimulates the growth of households and the processing of agri-food products, in order to attract new economy of goods, thereby contributing to the fulfilment of requirements of the population, increasing supplies of raw materials for industry and the volume of goods to be exported;
  

c) organizes the industrialization and semiindustrializarea of some agricultural products, thus expanding production and continuous activity, in order to supplement the resources of goods for consumption by the population;
  

d) organizes and develops the production of objects of folk art and handicrafts, and arrange for the purchase of such goods from designers and handicraft, as well as for disposal of these products.
  


Article 47


Central Union of Artisan Cooperatives and unions of co-operatives exercise the following powers in relation to the supply of the population: a) organizes through commercial units to be disposed of in the proper products made by artisan cooperatives and other units within the technical cooperation;
  

b) take measures to purchase products of folk art and crafts made by creators and handicraft and other products made by craftsmen with their own workshops, as well as the disposal of their own through commercial units;
  

c) organizes production of consumer goods and objects of folk art and crafts, completion Fund.
  


Article 48 of the National Union of agricultural production Cooperatives and County unions supports and guide agricultural cooperative in organizing drives sale shoppers, according to the law of agricultural plant and animal products, as well as those made in industrial and agricultural products processing.
Agricultural production cooperatives products can be disposed by each cooperative basis or by the intercooperatiste organizations set up for this purpose.


Article 49 Unions, consumer cooperatives, artisan and agricultural production are responsible for organizing, developing and modernizing commercial units and conditions for serving the population by its own network.


Article 50 of the Central Union of Consumer Cooperatives, the Central Union of cooperatives, artisan and National Union of agricultural cooperatives of production organization and responsible for training and further training of the staff required for commercial organizations and its own network.
D. for organizations and State-owned enterprises and cooperative Organizations Article 51 State and cooperative enterprises to secure supplies and serving the public in the best of circumstances, on the basis of the tasks delegated to them from the State. to this end the following main tasks: studying of demand for goods), make proposals to plan and responsible for the implementation of the plan be approved;
  

b) incurs with suppliers of goods to supply the necessary Fund and the realisation of the plan; pursuing the execution just;
  

c) permanent secure supplies of commercial establishments with the entire assortment of goods, according to their profile and requirements of purchasers;
  

d) receives legal norms, according to quantitative and qualitative goods delivered from suppliers; responsible towards quality products sold to buyers;
  

e) organizes the process of sale of commercial establishments, using methods and techniques in their own trade interests of sound serve you population;
  

f) organize information of buyers, through various forms of commercial advertising for the goods offered for sale and in particular on the new grades;
  

g) shall ensure the proper management of the Fund, as well as for the storage and conservation of products depending on the specifics thereof; ensure the guard of the goods and their heritage values;
  

h) shall ensure compliance with the rules of trade and hygienic-sanitary standards in commercial establishments;
  

I'm taking action to develop) or modernizing trade, pursuing the execution of investment objectives and capital repairs referred to in the plan;
  

j) shall ensure the use of intensive technical-material base, reducing expenses and increasing economic efficiency movement of commercial activity;
  

k) organizes the selection, training and further training of the staff of the Organization and its promotion;
  

It means stimulating) use morals and substantive staff proves a flawless behavior in work;
  

m) ensure appropriate staff work conditions; responsible according to the law, the application of measures of protection at work and guard against fires in commercial establishments;
  

n) resolve complaints and inspection teams of people working together.
  


Article 52 production Enterprises, recovery and industrialization to fruits and vegetables to them the following duties, in addition to those referred to in article 1. 51: a) to take measures like trade enterprises to be fully stocked with an assortment of vegetables, fruit, potatoes and table grape varieties to be sold to the public after they were sorted by qualities;
  

b) ensure insilozarea and conservation in appropriate circumstances to stocks of products needed to supply the population until the new harvest;
  

c) to develop continuously the production activity for the upper part and broadening the assortment of products which they market; to extend the prepackaged vegetables and fruit and delivering them from the manufacturer directly to retail establishments;
  

(d) to arrange that) markets to work a sufficient number of stable and mobile units, well stocked, in order to ensure the continued supply of the population and also to influence favourable market prices peasant.
  


Article 53 firms producing consumer goods, as well as handicraft production cooperatives, will take measures to develop a network of stores for the sale of goods in retail to the public. They are responsible for the proper organization of these units, equipping them with appropriate study and knowledge of the population demand for improvement and diversification of production.


Chapter 4 duties of public catering establishments and public catering cooperatives in article 54 meets in trade importance of internal social and economic function, the active participation of the broad masses of the population supply, meet consumer demands, raising the standard of living.


Article 55 Catering Organisations responsible to provide consumers a wide variety of culinary assortments of quality, hygiene, ensuring impeccable.


Article 56 Managements organizations catering will take measures to ensure the profitability of each unit.


Article 57 In order to accomplish the tasks delegated to them, catering organisations have the following duties, in addition to those referred to in article 1. 51: the production of a wide) organises assortment of precooked dishes, pans, confectionery and pastry products;
  

b) shall arrange for the introduction of new recipes in manufacturing in accordance with the requirements of a scientific diet and dietetic menus;
  

c) for the purpose of preparing the labour usurarii of food in the household, to the satisfaction of the best population requirements with products, prepared and cooked meals, take measures for the Organization and development of supply to consumers at home;
  

d) diversification and expansion of the network of establishments catering-restaurants, hostels, lacto-vegetarian, self-service restaurants, chefs and the like block;
  

e) develop network of laboratories and take measures for their endowment and kitchens with modern facilities and equipment;
  

(f) take effective measures for) maintenance in a perfect cleaning of the halls, kitchens and consummation to the other annexes, exercised for this purpose a control permanently and systematically.
  


Article 58 to ensure working people, retirees and their family members top quality dishes in various assortments and affordable catering organisations and cooperatives is organizing under the auspices of enterprises and institutions, according to the law, cantine-restaurant.
Cafeterias-restaurant menus, and will be serving from the domicile of the consumer, by subscription, or prior orders, as well as the disposal of food and ready meals.


Chapter 5 services in respect of goods sold commercial organizations Article 59 the goods sold to the population to satisfy the technical prescriptions of the use and the quality standards or other legal rules.


Article 60 for prolonged use, commercial organizations, according to law, guarantee the functioning, taking into account the purpose for which it was made and released for sale. The warranty is granted for a certain period. Warranty, repair, maintenance, revisions, and the replacement of defective parts, ensure that they are free of charge. The guarantee is not due if the defect has been produced due to non-compliance by the purchaser of the rules for use and storage of the goods.
The Ministry of internal trade along with other ministries and central organs concerned shall determine the goods being sold under the terms of the preceding paragraph, as well as the terms of the warranty.


Article 61 the State and commercial organizations ensure cooperative serving the population through the sale of goods and services with payment in instalments, according to the legal provisions. It also organises transport of goods to buyers based commands.


Article 62 the trade buyer has a duty to give all the necessary explanations in the proper use of the products displayed for sale, issue prospectuses and the instructions for use and guarantee certificates.


Article 63


Ministries and other Central and local bodies concerned are obliged to take measures for carrying out repairs and maintenance of consumer goods for the use of extended warranty.
For products of wide circulation or large values, such as radios, televisions, cars, businesses will be producing their own units for repair and maintenance.
Also, local industry, handicraft cooperatives and State factories shall organize a network of workshops for repair and maintenance of goods sold, which meet the requirements of the population in good conditions.
The units providing services for a charge may be made for repair work and after expiry of the warranty.


Article 64 Units providing services are obliged to carry out repair works, maintenance and periodic inspection of the goods sold, timely and of high quality. In their work, these drives will you account requests, complaints, appeals and suggestions of the working people, in order to improve further the work carried out.


Article 65 in the work units that provide services in respect of goods sold will follow, along with optimal satisfaction of requirements of the population, increasing the economic efficiency of this activity.


Article 66 Businesses producing goods for long use are required to ensure the production of spare parts necessary for the repair and maintenance of such goods throughout the duration of their use.
Spare parts needed goods originating in import will provide by the Ministry of internal trade.


Article 67 the ministries, other central bodies of State administration, the executive committees of Councils popular handicraft cooperatives, consumer cooperatives, and will take measures to meet the requirements of the population in the field of provision of services, for goods sold, by diversifying the work, organisation of specialised units, fixed and mobile, enlarging and modernizing both in urban areas and in rural ones.


Article 68 ministries, other central executive bodies and committees of the popular councils are obliged to give special attention to preparing technical cadres to take measures in order to ensure the necessary cadre of establishments which provide services to the population for goods sold.


Article 69 the activity of providing services for the goods sold shall be carried out by ministries, other central organs of executive committees of Councils, through the responsible units.


Chapter 6 Repealed.
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Cap. 6 has been repealed by article 16. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 70 Repealed.
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Art. 70 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.
A. Repealed.
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Lit. He nodded. 6 has been repealed by article 16. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 71 Repealed.
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Art. 71 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 72 Repealed.
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Art. 72 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Repealed by article 73.
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Art. 73 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 74 Repealed.
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Art. 74 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.
B. Repealed.
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Lit. B nodded. 6 has been repealed by article 16. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 75 Repealed.
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Art. 75 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 76 Repealed.
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Art. 76 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Repealed by article 77.
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Art. 77 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 78 Repealed.
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Art. 78 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 79 Repealed.
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Art. 79 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Section 7 Repealed.
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Cap. 7 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.
A. Repealed.
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Lit. He nodded. 7 was repealed by article 19. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Repealed article 80.
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Art. 80 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Repealed by article 81.
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Art. 81 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 82 Repealed.
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Art. 82 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 83 Repealed.
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Art. 83 has been repealed by article 16. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.
B. Repealed.
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Lit. B nodded. 7 was repealed by article 19. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 84 Repealed.
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Art. 84 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Repealed by article 85.
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Art. 85 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 86 Repealed.
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Art. 86 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Chapter 8 final provisions Article 87 Repealed.
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Art. 87 was repealed by article. 8 of law No. 12 of august 6, 1990, published in MONITORUL OFICIAL nr. 97 of 8 august 1990.


Article 88 the ministries and other central bodies of State administration, the central cooperative organizations, popular councils and their executive committees will ensure, within their powers, control of compliance with the provisions of this law.


Article 89 provisions of this law shall also apply to public organisations, other than co-operative, which formed express the object of regulatory law, insofar as they are engaged in an activity.


Article 90 public control bodies shall trace, according to the law, fulfil the obligations incumbent upon senior managers and staff of organizations and commercial establishments in relation to the conditions of production, transport and disposal of the products in order to meet the demands of the population.


Article 91 By commercial organisations, within the meaning of this law, shall mean enterprises, trusts and other State organizations, public associations or cooperative with the purpose of the basic trade and have legal personality.
Through commercial units within the meaning of this law, shall mean the shops, restaurants, cafeterias, newsstands and other commercial organisations are also times producing State and cooperative enterprises, other public organizations and other legal entities and natural persons authorized to exercise the trade, and that their products directly to the public.


Article 92 this law shall enter into force thirty days following its publication in the Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Romania. On the same date shall repeal the Decree nr. 306/1952 for regulating the exercise of private trade and combat speculation; Council of Ministers decision No. 1087/1957 concerning the list of agricultural and industrial products which cannot form the subject of trade; Decree No. 377/1971 on certain measures relating to the sale by individual buyers of foodstuffs and industrial; art. and (b). a and c, art. 2(a) a, c and e, art. 3 (a). d and k as well as art. 5 letter (c) of the decision of the Council of Ministers No. 2503/69 laying down and punish contraventions to the General rules of trade, and any other provisions contrary to this law.
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