PORTUGUESE COMMUNIST PARTY Parliamentary Group DRAFT RESOLUTION N° 77/XI/1st by the right to information and access to sexual and reproductive rights by women throughout the life cycle of your Portugal has an important heritage legislat ivo with regard to sexual rights and DVD player plan. That heritage was being icado over the years building after the 25 April 1974 and whose most brutal gap was won with the approval, the March 8 2007, a law of decriminalization of abortion, a corollary of a prolonged situation of dramát and unfair penalty of sexual health and ica DVD player iva of successive generations of women abortion clandest imas vít ino.
Sexual rights and DVD player objectives are an integral part of the social rights of our time, and should not be mere formal rights or only partially completed. Before require a special responsibility political power ico – Parliament and Government – in its spheres of competence, in full compliance with your walk from the garant and implementation.
Regrettable delays persist in the implementation of sex education in schools despite being 26 years passed the first law on sex education.
Are also affected other segments of women throughout the life cycle, your have dif iculdades of access to health as a result of the lack of family physicians and other health professionals.
Stands out, however, the paradox between the fundamentals that led to close public maternity wards for not performing 1500 deliveries per year, when such a requirement is not imposed on the operation of private units, because it significantly below the closing your icaria.
Family health units do not meet the object ivo to minimize the number of clients without family physicians; persistent lack of health centers, as well as the timetable maladjusted to the needs of women who need to use these services.
This picture does not deny the effort and the examples of health centres objectives posit and other public services that provide an important contribution in the area of sexual health and DVD player iva, before imposing such examples extend the entire national territory.
The Part gone Portuguese Communist, mark the day 8 March, international women's day and the 100th anniversary of your proclamation, highlights the importance of sexual rights and DVD player women's objectives throughout your life, since menarche, going through menopause to old age.
Still in the context of sexual health and DVD player iva, the CFP has been presenting various iniciat ivas legislat ivas, garant going not only the efect of ividade sex education, and the promotion of sexual health and DVD player and the protection of motherhood and fatherhood as social functions, such as: — the decriminalisation of abortion up to 12 weeks at the request of the woman; — The strengthening of the rights of persons living in consensual union; — Monitoring the future would garant father to pregnant women during childbirth; — The right to special leave in cases of high-risk pregnancy; — The strengthening of the right to health ias garant DVD player iva; — The protection of mothers and fathers;
— The garant of the access to medicines contracept emergency plan; — The adoption of recommendations so that it can be ut ilizado in hospital units the medicine for human use Mifégyne (pill RU 486); — The regulation of techniques of medically assist ida; — The adoption of measures to strengthen maternity protection-paternity; — The inst ituição and regulations of a new system of family benefits; — The creation of a social allowance of maternity paternity.
26 years since the publication of the first law that enshrined the right to sex education and family planning, some of the indicators of health that underline the necessity and urgency of effective implementation of the law. According to the report of the Department of infectious diseases, Reference Unit and epidemiological surveillance of Inst Institute national health, 31 December 2008 (last imos data available), were not if 34 888 icados cases of HIV/AIDS infection in different stages of infection (for 32 491 cases in 2007).
According to that report, "the largest number of cases not if icados (" cumulative cases ") corresponds to infection in individuals referring to drugs intravenously or" addicts ", constituting 42.5% (14 835/34 888) of all not if icações, reflect the initial epidemic trend going in the country. The number of cases associated with infection by sexual transmission (heterosexual) represents the second group with 40.0% of records and sexual transmission (male homosexual) features 12.3% of cases; the other transmission forms correspond to 5.2% of the total. The cases not if icados of HIV/AIDS infection, which refer to as likely form of infection transmission sexual (heterosexual), display a tendency increasing VAT evolut. "
Have the data of the health of young people, published in 2006 by the Division of Maternal, Infant and adolescents of the Directorate-General of health, despite the tendency of decrease in pregnancy, parenting teenagers, "with regard to younger ages, found in 20-24 years, a slowdown in the expression of this tendency [to fall], having been even a slight increase in the years of 1999 and 2000; in group 15-19 years, decreasing progression of respect ivo value seems to fade the part go from 1996, with slight oscillation in a sent gone and another. ", in which maternity concerns.
According to this study, in 2002, "the parents presented a general education degree lower than that of mothers in both age groups studied. Of mothers with less than 20 years, about one-fifth had finished, at most, the first cycle of basic education (1.7% couldn't read or write). In the same age group, parents who were in the same circumstances represented a quarter of the total (2.1% couldn't read or write). With regard to supplement the compulsory education, in the case of mothers under the age of 20 years, less than half had succeeded him, and in the Group of 20-24 years, approximately 56% were in these circumstances; in the case of parents, the observed values were below the verif icados the mothers, in the order of 7%, in both age groups. "
With regard to the status of mothers and fathers before the study were significant differences between men and women in both age groups. In 2002, "check up that group of minors of 20 years, 61% of mothers were in the group" don't act "VAT (only 29% corresponded to the item" maid "), while in the age group above the altered situation, being 60% of mothers in the condition of" waitress "and 32%" no VAT "act. In the case of men, the Group of under 20 years, 77% was "employee", which increased to 92% in the group 20-24 years; were provided "no act ivo" 18% of parents under the age of 20 years and 5% of 20-24 years. "
According to the Directorate General of health "notes that, the part go of 20 years of age, the risk of maternal death for each swim ‐ alive increases rapidly with age, rising to 4.8 per 100000 in pregnant women of 20-24 years, to 180 per 100000 in pregnant women with more than 44 years. That is, a pregnant with more than 44 years have a risk of dying about of 37 times higher than a 20 pregnant to 24 years. The risk of death in pregnant adolescents (risk in pregnant women of 20-24 years. The results are prat icamente do you think identical means icos when you divide the number of maternal deaths by the sum of live births – alive with live births – deaths, in an approach to the concept of risk of death from pregnancy "(report on maternal deaths in Portugal 2001-2007, Directorate-General of health).
That report, points out how conclusions that "part of the health strategies to eliminate preventable maternal deaths, should pass by: strengthening the network of services in the different levels of provision, as well as the art iculação between you and your accessibility; ensure that the obstetrics services have logíst conditions essential for the minimization of the icas MM (availability of quick access to surgical block, the blood products 24 hours a day, intensive care unit, support of internist/intensivist); intensif icar homogeneity of in-service training for all professionals; strengthen support for vulnerable groups and implement mult idisciplinar cooperation in risk situations known or suspect ".
The presentation of this draft resolution, on this date, stems not only from the fact that the PCP have for decades the responsibility of several iniciat ivas legislat ivas in this area (for example, the intervention of the Committee of Womanhood, in 1987, for the voice of Mary Alda Nogueira, who proceeded to the presentation to the plenary of the Parliament a report on the situation of women in Portugal in that highlighted the failure to comply with the legislation on sexual education, family planning, among other things), and the just demands of the women's organisations submitted over the years to Parliament.
The Assembly of the Republic, in accordance with point (b)) of article 156 of the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic, decides to recommend to the Government that: 1-Ensure the implementation of sex education in all schools of education
Basic and secondary education, through the training of teachers, and the media was going to garant proper functioning of support offices, and health education centers;
2 – Reinforce the existence in all health centres of específ queries for youth, created by icas law in March 1976 alongside the reinforcement of material and human resources in order to get the complete information and garant services accessible to all young people;
3-Create conditions for that vaccination protects against viruses such as HPV (Human Papillomavirus is widely disseminated and free for all women;
4 — ensure and promote with women the importance of periodic surveys carried out in the national health service (SNS), including mammograms and ultrasounds, cytologies and mammary bone densitometrias;
5 – recognize and f iscalize the widespread access of all pregnant women to medical follow-up (minimum of 5 queries) in the NHS as well as essential examinations-DPN (Functional ico prenatal), blood and urine analyses, control of immunity or non-existence of diseases that endanger the pregnancy and fetus (rubella, toxoplasmosis, síf ilis, ite hepat B, HIV/AIDS, etc.);
6-Ensure compliance with the labour code and of the scheme of contract in Public Functions as maternity and paternity rights, extending the exemption not only for prenatal consultations as layoffs for sessions of Preparation for childbirth by psycho-Profiláct ico Method, as well as the right of working parents three layoffs for follow-up of pregnant, going right to garant full pay supported by ent age employer;
7-art iculadas measures between the ministries of health and science, technology and higher education to go Higher schools garant of nursing (ESE) include formation of Preparation for childbirth by psycho-Profiláct ico Method;
8-Guarantee the correct application of the law on abortion, either through the removal of material and human needs either through the completion of all the procedures of psychological support and referral for family planning, in the ten days after the intervention;
9 – Create urgent measures for the application of the law on Medically Assist ida (PMA), approved in July 2006; considering the high costs of these treatments in the private sector and the long waiting lists in the public sector are a factor of exclusion of hundreds of users;
10 — ensure the appropriate and regular medical and psychological follow-up, in the NHS on prevention and treatment of menopause-related situations, in particular those of hot flashes, incont inência, osteoporosis, irritability, insomnia, sexual disinterest, or Alzheimer's disease;
11-Ensure the NHS, especially in primary health units, geriatric services, corresponding to específ needs icas women at this stage of your life. Assembly of the Republic, 8 March 2010 Members, RITA mouse; BERNARDINO SOARES; ANTÓNIO FILIPE; MICHAEL JAMES; JOÃO OLIVEIRA; AGOSTINHO LOPES; NOVO