Estate Recovery Of Architectural Conímbriga

Original Language Title: Recuperação do espólio arquitectónico de Conímbriga

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1 draft resolution No. 524/X Estate recovery of Conimbriga Conímbriga Architectural had confirmed human presence at least since the Chalcolithic, believed, however, that has been inhabited since the Neolithic age. Is, however, its human occupation during the Bronze age period witnessed by the oldest objects that came to us. Is unquestioned yet the presence of the Celts in these parts, because, as is well known, all place names ending in "fight" denounce the presence of the people.

Conímbriga was thus a castro important when the Romans took her in 138 BC, the first military campaign in the region. The most significant Roman remains are identified, however, already in the middle of the reign of Emperor Augustus. Conímbriga was then a flourishing settlement, mercy of peace established in Lusitania, and the Romanisation of the indigenous population was an expeditious process, having known a remarkable Conímbriga prosperity throughout the period of the Roman rule. In fact, during the centuries of Roman domination Conímbriga became a major city and as witness, the ruins laid bare.

The importance of the city is marked by the development of the toponymy and the survival of the toponym (corrupted in Coimbra) applied to the ancient city of Éminio.

However, despite their blossoming, Conímbriga wouldn't come to escape the deep political and administrative crisis that devastated the entire Roman Empire and that facilitated the successful progression of the barbarian invasions in the 16th century. V. with them, the episcopal headquarters function and, therefore, the most important city in the region which until then had been assumed by Conímbriga became performed, from 580, per Éminio.

The Suebi, which had occupied the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula had, therefore, a special role and responsibility in reducing Conímbriga the ruins in the year 468 after a his first year to 464 and 465, have captured and partially plundered the city, which led to its partial abandonment.

2 later in the middle ages, Conímbriga would be completely abandoned, although they meet continuing housing remains over the centuries and that part of the city area, the current village of Condeixa-a-Velha, don't have never been abandoned.

Currently, the set of ruins of conimbriga Monographic Museum — built in your immediate vicinity — and of the castellum of Alcabideque are an important archaeological complex which allows rebuild one of the most important modules of the Roman Empire in this far that constituted the former province of Lusitania.

Despite the interest of archaeologists by Conímbriga has proved especially from the 16th century, excavations at the site only began in the 19th century still without regular and systematic nature, since 1930.

The new development in the years 60 met in the last century and are still currently remain, however, a large portion of ruins still undiscovered, since the area excavated is only about 20% of the total area of the city.

Are currently discovered a significant part of the city of Conímbriga, revealing the visitors of its ruins a complex and laborious urban planning that integrates the forum, the aqueduct, the neighborhoods of trade, housing and industry, an Inn, various spas and the city walls. All this ensemble stands out, yet, the complexity of its construction and the decorative elegance of rich, a neighborhood of stately homes-diametrically opposed to the insulae of the popular strata – of the "House of the fountains", large peristyle garden and paved with multi-colored mosaics preserved in situ, displaying mythological motifs, geometric or simply representing , the actual daily life. This is in short the only set in national territory where a Roman city is exposed in a significant fraction of its elements.

Conímbriga lies in an area bounded by Decree in 1910, classified legally as a national monument, enjoys a protection zone established by order of 1971 and, since the ' 40 1 significant part, but insufficient, is owned by the State for the preceding reasons, it is therefore untenable and unacceptable that the State does not have, even today, in its power and under its administration all relevant area necessary for the preservation of this historic , archaeological and architectural truly odd. The problem of inadequacy of expropriations carried out 3 in 40 years was diagnosed soon in the next decade, but the problem has no definitive solution since then.

Indeed, of the approximately 22 hectares of the maximum extension of the city in the golden period of his life, 14 acres are already in possession of the State, making it necessary, however, to revert to public ownership part of the difference in areas between these two values, in order to be able to complete all essential interventions to adequate protection and management of that historic and architectural set.

Among other things, the fulfilment of such will allow large monuments desideratum expose visual and aesthetic impact thanks to the conservation of its monumentality, namely the Amphitheater (the only Roman amphitheatre kept in national territory in terms of being exposed and valued), the second Forum of the city, which is still buried under an olive grove, as an island in the middle of the perimeter was open possibly the City Theatre and a significant part of the House of the fountains that, despite being the ex libris of the Roman city, has not been completely excavated in 1939.

These and other similar aspects that should not be further delayed, under pretext, taking the necessary political initiatives which may, as soon as possible time, welcome the indispensable protection of the public interest that represents the full disclosure and appropriate preservation and management of the architectural and historical heritage which constitutes Conímbriga.

4 accordingly, the Parliament recommends to the Government the urgent adoption of measures: a) to undertake the necessary steps, in particular by recourse to expropriation or purchase to consolidate definitely on property of the State or of other public entities suitable real estate necessary for the completion of the excavation, conservation and restoration operations, and of the classification and organization of the missing portions of the Roman city of Conímbriga;

b) moving in with the excavation, conservation, restoration, classification and valuation of all these goods, in order to reveal and preserve properly, in short, the entire architectural, historical and patrimonial collection of Conímbriga;

c) to provide the public authorities responsible for the supervision and management of the site of the means necessary to achieve Site of these projects.

São Bento Palace, 1 of July of 2009.

The Members of the parliamentary group of the Social Democratic Party,