Recommends To The Government To Adopt Measures To Support The National Milk Production

Original Language Title: Recomenda ao Governo que adopte medidas de apoio imediato à produção de leite nacional

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Draft resolution n. º 505/X/4.  ª Recommends to the Government that adopted PORTUGUESE COMMUNIST PARTY's Parliamentary Group Š draft resolution n. º 505/X/4.  ª Recommends the Government to adopt IMMEDIATE measures is € ‡ PRODUCTION is ƒ the NATIONAL MILK at risk of settlement the µ s operating the Paà s 1 dairy. A situation not insustentà the conjugaà of the low price of milk paid to producers with the rise of production costs makes it insustentà to the survival of thousands of µ s pecuà operating various dedicated à production of milk. What determinarà a new reestruturaà  «ada» force of the manufacturing sector, after «expulsà £ o» carried out in the two latest decades, which has resulted in 12 years by the passage of more than 80000 dairy operating µ s to about 11000, half of which have less than 50 cows. The measures taken by the Government's recent and late (and the European Union) are far from respond to gravity of the situation, more like want to take advantage of the crisis to realize that new reestruturaÃ, with the Elimination of the production of milk a few more thousands of producers and some regions of Paà µ s as back-os-Montes, Beira Interior and Alentejo. The blackmail is made about the producers of these latest µ s region (Mirandà Highlands, District of Guarda), by Spanish companies, with the threat and, in some cases, the lifetime achievement of not collecting the milk, translates into prices of ruà on for production (below 25 cents) and the practice of extinà , in the short term, of the activity. 2. low price of milk is particularly linked is import paà milk ses of the European Union to balance Many prices are posted arguments to justify the low price of milk, in General to absolve µ s decision and behavior of economic agents and ³ Poland ticos with decisive role in row , and main responsible for these problems. There are even those who dare say that is to defend the Portuguese consumers. The Government, through the Minister of agriculture, always starts by denying the problem to justify their inactivity and, fundamentally, to hide their responsibilities on approval of a controversial practice community suicidà to the production of national milk. But when the stores of a large group of distribution (SONAE) begin to sell the package of milk (UHT/FAT), imported from Germany, the 39 cents it all becomes clear. Because one or the other. Or the milk is sold below its final cost (cost of production, packaging and transport), no commercial margin and 2 with prejuà zo for the merchant, what is prohibited and punished by the rules of the competition, or is purchased in this paà s below local costs of production, the price of sale, probably with State support , and we have a dumping process, banned in the European Union. How could that milk coming from Germany can be sold in Portugal, to the consumer, the prices that are insufficient to offset the national production, which calls for a minimum of 40 cents/litre? Is a criminal ‰ Paà s with a tenth above 10% external fice and an external debt of around 100% of GDP, continues to import millions µ s (250 million µ s??) of liters of milk in Europe (Germany, France, Poland, Spain ³) while there are in stock µ s millions liters (there are months existed 60 million µ s) of national production. 3. The settlement of milk quotas and the liberalizaà of the lacticà market domains this situation is based on a structural issue: consolidation in the European Union in recent years, under the impetus of the paà ses North, major producers and exporters of milk (Denmark, Netherlands, Ireland, United Kingdom and others), the objective of the review of the Common organization of the market in Milk with the settlement of the milk quota system. Objective that no Portuguese Government if ´ option's radical and head-on, including by invoking the vital interests of the Paà s. Progress made, as usual, small steps,  «facilitando» the cedà and the justificaà of µ s of Governments as the Portuguese. Way started in 1999, in the framework of the reform of the CAP (Agenda 2000), which had the agreement of the then Government PS/Guterres (was Minister of agriculture Capoulas Santos, and was Advisor in Brussels the current Minister Jaime Silva), where he established the end of quotas for 2008. What has changed in 2003, delaying the sentence of death for 2015. Path that was restarted in 2008 (Council of Ministers of Agriculture of 17 March), also with the agreement of the current Government and the Minister of agriculture (Germany and Austria voted against  and France abstained), accepting an increase of 2% General and equal for all Member States â € “ which meant producing more 2.8 million µ s of litres of milk in Europe in 2008 campaign (01Abril)/2009 (31MarÃ). That had the known epoxy at the Agriculture Council of 20 November (consolidated result in the Council of Ministers of 18/20 December) with the acceptance of the settlement of the service performance of µ s, through an annual increase of 1% for all ses (paà for Italy the increase was in service performance is one of 5%) , «In order to prepare its disappearance, planned for 2015» (the Statement of the Council of Ministers). Way to end quotas ensuring a so-called «suave» landing, because if I'd do without «dor» of the producers, which would «habituando», preparing your final settlement for futility in 2015. What happened was that the latest measures of quota increases  «legalizaram» surpluses, which some of these ses paà were produce for there of quotas, and that now appear on the European market to bargain prices. Someone believes Europe and want some, because of the crisis, reduced their consumption of milk in nature and lacticà domains in order to cause the surplus that now appear on the market? The result of the settlement of milk quotas will be the end of milk production, not just how it's been going on and exploitation of µ s said, not efficient, but in Portugal, even paà ses as dairy basins of Entre Douro e Minho and Beira Litoral, which never conseguirà the competition with the dairy areas of Northern Europe , or worse, on the world market, with the exploitation of µ s of thousands of cows in the USA, New Zealand or Australia.

3 without referring here and now the µ s decision, never explained, from the Government to lower the rate of VAT (reduced rate of 5%) for some lacticà nios imported and sucedà ¢ neos in soy State budget for 2008, the situation experienced in the sector results, then the dominant power in the large distribution acquired in Europe and in Portugal , and complete liberalizaà processes of agri-food markets that, in the wake of successive trading µ s of the World Organization of trade (WTO), the European Union will approve. Μ s orientation applied to µ s trading and reform of common µ organization of the market in milk, such as wine and other products agrà glues. On the other hand, the imposià of µ s and requirements of large distribution in its relationship with µ the lacticà industry domains (margins differentiated according about its brands, white marks, or brands of manufacturers, Leo in terms of supply, systematic practices practices guaranteed margins, the management of spaces and categories , payment terms, etc., etc.), narrow or eliminate even the manufacturer, which then reflect such fact in the first link of the value chain: the producer! 4. The rise of production costs is ‰ also evident that the problem of unbearable low income of the activity of µ s operating and other dairy production µ s agropecuÃ, is not only the result of the fall in the price of milk, but the conjugaà of this fact with the brutal rise of costs of the main factors of production (³ gasà leo , race is µ s, fertilizers, electricity) in 1 ' h 2008, accompanying the Gallop of the oil prices ³ leo. Prices which remained essentially in 2.  h, and that lasted in 2009, although some descents. And while some, including the Government, value prices paid is production in Portugal, for the foreigner, always forget this other side of the coin, which are the generally lower prices to farmers of these paà ses pay the factors of production (and other costs such as Social Security), in General strongly supported by their States. Forget also the Government the effect of some of its µ s decision, as the erasure of green electricity (which intended to exactly approximate the cost of this energetic factor in Portugal to other ses paÃ), or the practice of settlement agri-environmental measures, which helped balance some exploitation µ s, or the absence of measures , are not claimed as available could face ³ à legislation as the withdrawal of excedentà calves and cull cows, within a framework of high breed is µ s, and with the beef market under pressure also by import µ s made of Europe and, particularly, of Latin America. Without ability, or willingness, to carry out a process of licensing of the exploitation of µ s are pecuà that were the defense of environmental standards with the safeguarding of real structure of µ s operating various Portuguese agropecuÃ, transforming the effluent treatment process in a new blow to already fragile us geis white balance honor financial exploitation of µ, the Government wrapped in a complex and live bureaucratic practice production of legislative framework , not yet complete, already reviewed and amended more than once, but never take the appropriate public funding of the procedure, as a key issue. The way of the five years of rule, and the problem is worse than on square one: created suspicion and encouraged in many the will to get out as quickly could not of production.

4 in this context, particularly serious is the complete paralysis of the Competition Authority (AdC) that, although alerted to the situation, still without any action relevant to approach a market where it is expresses the gross violation of the rules that is legally defend. Add also that, on the issues µ s of the competition, the Ministry of Agriculture was once again for µ s declaration Plato ³ nicas, is the health of a European Council â € “  «fits is AdC keep € œ atentaâ €  â à situation in the sector, since the price of liter of milk to consumers does not reflect the verified cost reductions to the level of production o»! 5. A vision disintegrated and lacticà milk row nios row milk and lacticà domains has no reply in a vision of other activities agropecuà disintegrated, and particularly of the beef market. The inability to look the reality of exploitation µ s agrà Portuguese in particular glues of family agriculture dominant still leads to inadequate measures, unable to enhance and leverage up, the media sometimes are available. For what really contributes also a Poland permanent confrontation of the confederaà policy of µ s agrà glues that, not being the ones the Government would wish, are those that exist. ‰ is what happens with the process, framework and technical support-bleach is s µ s operating pecuà is that, having started barely there are many Governments ago, still without the required and sufficient response, overloading the producers of standards, costs and fines, Handicapping the dà © bil cio's building of animal health and, indirectly, calling into question the rules of public health. Is ‰ what is happening with the dismantling of services of the Ministry of Agriculture, via PRACE and SME (situation of Special Mobility), away from the farmers and disabling them to intervene, making it even more time consuming processes. The solution to the structural problems and, particularly, the milk industry and cyclical lacticà domains do not pass is by force the health of a few more thousands of producers, through a quota buy-back, eliminating any exploitation of µ s family of small or average size or farmers of several age levels high, or the production in areas said «marginais». For otherwise, the central issue is to create conditions for µ that the current producers remain active, even with its «refrescamento» for young farmers to fall in line. That does not mean the absence of appropriate mechanisms that can support the change of activities of exploitation the agrà glue. But the direction the essentials of Poland should be policy to encourage the maintenance of activity in the row except µ s exceptional situation. The definition of a controversial dairy policy, aimed at the pursuit of exploitation viable, efficient or competitive, eliminating the lowest dimension/smaller number of cows, as has happened in recent years, is pursuing a goal of inalcanÃ, error of a strategy that will eventually will find out that the exploitation of µ s said  «veis» are viable only in paà ses in Northern Europe in the USA, New Zealand or the USA! The appropriate strategy are ³ can aim to ensure, within a framework of sustainability and productive diversity, with enough of specialization (in the face of a small s Paà dimension and relative scarcity of agrà soils glues), maximum of agro-food production, throughout the territory by ³ River, to national security and food sovereignty.


Thus, under the handle b) no nea ° 1 article 4. º of the rules of procedure of the Assembly of the Republic, the undersigned Members of the parliamentary group of the PCP µ when the purpose of the Republic Assembly recommend to the Government, in accordance with paragraph 5 of article 166 Â.  of the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic, to adopt the following measures : 1. Immediate measures to stop the degradaà of the incomes of producers (i) to establish, in the framework of aid de minimis, a clearing up to 5 cents per litre for the exploitation of µ s agrà glues family until 100 cows in production, and as long as the present low price; (ii) replace the green electricity for all exploitation of µ s pecuà and also ensure a differentiated and greater support for the gasà ³ leo green, not less than 5%; (iii) suspension for 6 months period of perà contribution µ s for social security, is the similarity that was made in 2008 to the fisheries sector, with the proper transfer of the State budget for Social security funds required; (iv) trigger a plan of intervention supported for newborn calves and cull cows; (v) propose to AdC that triggers with urgà of a mechanism for monitoring the prices of factors of production, as the breed is µ s, pesticides and fertilizers; (vi) establish, in the framework of the agri-environmental measures, aid is collection and concentration of milk in mountain and disadvantaged areas; (vii) negotiate and ensure with the national industry enterprises the flow assurance in µ s conditions acceptable, today milk produced in these zones; (viii) extension of new agri-environmental measure, announced by the Government for sheep and goats (250 euros/HA), µ s mountain region or in risk of depopulation, for the production of milk and beef meat in pecuÃ; (ix) quick completion of procedures for monitoring operating µ s are pecuà that are preventing hundreds of farmers receiving the aid of the 2008 SPS that have right. 2. Urgent measures of sanitation of milk row and lacticà domains (i) fast numerous cio of µ s trading between production, industry and trade, under the coordination of the State, aimed at the concertaà and the taking of measures, with the aim to stabilise markets, ensure the marketing of furniture not suitable of national production , including existing stocks, and reduce the use of import µ; (ii) immediately triggering fiscalizaà measures of milk and lacticà domains imported and marketed in the Paà s, in order to verify that they comply with the hygiene standards-bleach and of competition, required by Portuguese law and community standards rias; a particular attention must be given to 6 milk and lacticà domains marketed under those of the vulgar of white markings; (iii) requirement that the AdC, in collaboration with the Observatà ³ River Agrà markets glues and µ s agri-food import, intervene and review with urgà of the commercial practices of the various agents in the sector; (iv) within the framework of the legislation in force â € ° “ law No 18/2003, of 11 June â € “ approving the scheme jurà dico of competition and, in accordance with article 27. ° (Precautionary Measures), complaining that the AdC order preemptively «the measures required is immediate spare of ncia ' competition and safeguard the interests of national production; (v) the proposal that the AdC-mki9200 entities © Naidu of the European Union a meeting to approach the situation in the European market of milk and lacticà domains and levels could violation µ s competition rules; (vi) the proposal that the Portuguese Government, based on the perturbaà in the sector, who can sweep the milk production of µ s region and even paà ses, ask for the conducting of an extraordinary Council of Agriculture Ministers to debate and taking measures to spare the milk quota system , Only way to ensure that Portugal and other States will keep the production; (vii) monitoring and evaluation of the situation of the market of other products there cteos and beef market, with a view to intervention levels could µ s regularizadoras; (viii) quick creation of the normative framework for the implementation of a volunteer ³ quality label frog (FROG ³ Q chapter), which allows the strokes full ability, since the exploitation until it is industry, and easy visibility by the consumer of the origin of the product. 3. Measures which they replace not reasonable levels of white balance economic brio ³ mico-financial exploitation µ s (i) financial support is Treasury of µ s operating, with the creation of a line of credit with low-interest loans to 100%, perà odo of character of a year and a payment period not less than 5 years; (ii) creation of line of long-term credit (not less than 20 years) with a free rate of 50% for the debt; (iii) creation of credit line in µ s similar condition is referred to in (ii) to investment; (iv) rapid operacionalizaà and shortening of deadlines in the processing of aid is row, in the framework of the ProDeR ¢; (v) valuation, drafting and general proposition is European Union mechanisms of anticipation and payment cell lere support producers and income support and investment; (vi) suspension of current licensing processes of exploitation µ s pecuà and reconsideraÃ, in dialogue with the associative structures of farmers, the entire legislative framework 7, aiming at its simplificaà and adjustment is reality of productive fabric pecuÃ, with setting the simultaneous support frame and nea redistribuià of costs.