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1 DRAFT law No. 686/X ELEVATION of SOAJO, MUNICIPALITY of ARCOS DE VALDEVEZ, DISTRICT of VIANA DO CASTELO, a village STATEMENT I GEOGRAPHICAL DATA 1-GEOGRAPHIC SITUATION Soajo confronts the North and West with the parish of Gave, in the municipality of Melgaço the source, in part with the same Gave and, with the parishes of Arcos de Valdevez known as Sistelo, Goatherd, Larger Cabin and Ermelo; to the South the river Lima. 2-GEOGRAPHIC AREA the parish of Soajo has about 80 Km2, because, besides, covers the extensive plateau of Seida and the large sludge of paúl Time, where has your source the largest tributary of the river Lima – Time – which is also the biggest watercourse that part of extensive serra de Soajo. Much of your surface is included in this mountain range, where an enormous and enigmatic concentration of granite blocks that archeologically witness a building of very remote times and that determined, it seems, the toponym high, situated on the Hill Greater about 1416 m above sea level. 3-2 GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION the parish of Soajo is located in a privileged zone, North of the river Lima, once significant area is integrated in the National Park, taking in your bossom mountains that reach the higher altitudes of the District of Viana do Castelo. Soajo, with your wide territorial extension, is a tourist route that passes through the largest electro-producer in the country, in Soajo-Lindoso, Castro Laboreiro and the Marian shrine, which was built to the cult of our Lady of the snow, following the primitive chapel built in the remote Valley of Peneda, Soajo ancestor in. In fact it must be said that the Soajo is, in the context of the Alto Minho, a fascinating area, due to vigorous relief of its mountains, carved in its depths by polychromatic valleys where the vegetation cover and the crystal clear waters of its rivers and streams inebriarem at any time of the year. II BRIEF HISTORICAL CHARACTERIZATION Soajo was one of the first tried to win autonomy and identity of their own, being also one of the municipalities that already existed at the time of Countess d. Teresa, mother of Afonso Henriques, founder in Soajo, the Benedictine monastery of Ermelo. At the dawn of nationality have their judges were chosen from the good guys. Your geographic area was inhabited in prehistoric times as well attest to the many dolménicas constructions, considered this 1910, as a national monument with the name ' Antas da Serra of Soajo». However the earliest known written documents about the Soajo, refer to the times of the Countess Mamadona Days, founder of the castle of Guimarães, one of them being the year 950, stating that, had in the mountains and rivers of this land: fishing, monteiros, and orchards. Since the first Kings of Portugal that was preserved by the Royal Crown Soajo, for the protection of their forests. It should be noted that the identity of the Sierra was in ancient 1498, King Manuel I, continued to preserve, just north of the Mondego, the Soajo, as it did with Sintra, Óbidos, Évora and few more geographical spaces. Several documents of the Royal chancelleries 3 attest the privileges, freedoms and honours granted to inhabitants of Soajo, which well demonstrate the existence of your municipality and trial since the dawn of nationality. The King d. Manuel I, in the revision of the old sub county titles – letters from forums and Foral-, granted foral in 1514, new municipal status this, where continued well patents the privileges, enshrined since the first dynasty. The municipality of Soajo, in 1821, decided to make a representation, saying that most didn't want to accept the oppressions of monteiro-mor which accumulated directions of "Mount Royal Town of Soajo" in accordance with the provisions and rules of this. In 1852, several riots took place in the village of Soajo, causing the suspension of the courthouse and City Hall, and forcing the permanence of an infantry regiment, for a month, to ensure tranquillity and public order and the regular functioning of the Government offices. With the withdrawal of the troops returned to civil disturbance, which gave rise to uses to extinguish the municipality of Soajo. In 1853, the Queen d. Maria II, ends with the organisation which has Judged of Soajo, where a few decades before a judge of Soajo, uttered the famous sentence that enjoyed at Court of appeal in Porto, would one more scene that the ancient Portuguese culture recorded for posterity. It was great the heroic participation of the inhabitants of Soajo in defending the independence of Portugal, as proved by the Spain's military Chronicles and other documents of the Chancery of King Alfonso VI. III DEMOGRAPHICS the population of Soajo grew until 1960, regardless of whether find subjected to pressures of migratory mobility, especially for Lisbon and its surroundings and, since the beginning of the 20th century to the USA. Reached, at this year's census, 2997 people residing in Soajo. It's still a remarkable population because most of the parishes of concelhias district headquarters, had much less population, and even the set of two parishes that make up the county seat of 4
Arcos de Valdevez, quedavam only by 2354 people, and the village of Ponte do Lima, had just 33 more people, since it had a population of 3030, nevertheless, after Van Wyk, the second agglomeration of the district. In number of fires, the same year of 1960, Arcos de Valdevez had 633, the village of Ponte do Lima 722, while the Soajo, was 852. From 1960, the fires continued to grow, but the upward momentum reversed population, have significant decline, due to the strong migration being felt. Currently, the number of fires over 1250, but despite this huge increase with the population to decline, this was only possible, through there are intense and unusual flows of natural input and output and their descendants, own the space mobility today. It should be recognised today that the classical concept of resident population is misfit of reality, to be very fickle in your general applicability, which is kind of statement, also for the folks of Soajo, where multiplicadamente is the subject of very obsolescence. The number of voters of Soajo is in this 1447. Many families from other areas of the country, including the capital, your own today in Soajo housing of weekend and holiday, which, together with the tourists, occupying the houses said, determining other human frame and revitalization, unthinkable in the early decades of the 20TH century. IV SOCIO-economic situation, RELIGIOUS and CULTURAL well that continue to have important economic activities linked to agriculture, pastoralism and forest exploitation, reforçadamente emerged in the last decades of trade and services, in particular those relating to restoration and tourism. Tiny plantations predominated in the agricultural area, subjected to intensive fish farming; considered arable land with good fertility, were their explorers bafejados with hydraulic works that enabled considerable improvement in agricultural production cereal 5. The quantity and quality of private granaries built of granite, as well as the large number of windmills with the same nature petraea, constitute the largest concentrations in one parish in Portugal. These ancestors equipment are of great historical and ethnographic interest, being manifestations of that individualism if sobrepujava of collectivism, given the ownership and private use of these means of production. Livestock centered on creation of cattle, sheep and horses benefit from vast areas of the parish and of vacant private serranos, which continually allow the annual breeding estabular production and domestic refuse. Tourism has given rise to the creation of a business organization that serves as Center of reservations of accommodation, being an economic segment that well directed, too can contribute to the development of Soajo. Construction, one of the economic activities, important position with significant new housing production and, with the restoring and refurbishing of the old housing stock, another architectural visual pleasantness, leading General appeared recently, noble son of Earth, Bishop Abilio Ribas, to designate Soajo as granitic village, once also the streets of medieval track meet as the houses, lageados of the same nature. In terms of public transport, Soajo is served by bus and transport are based rental car (taxis). Postal service has, with the existence of a put of CTT and everyday home. In Soajo, other indicators highlights such as sanitation, public lighting with enhanced lamps in the historic area, water, garbage collection and cleaning of public spaces. The parish of Soajo-pharmacy, Bank branch, the House of the people, a sports park, social centre and headquarters of parish Parish Council, modern restaurants, cafés, pastry shops and bakeries, milling units, mini-markets, butcher, fish supplies, drugstore, establishment of construction materials, mortuary, Milliner, builders, barber shop, hair salon. The reservoirs of dams Soajo-Lindoso, and are deployed in Touvedo part, too, in territory of Soajo. 6
In the field of Health offers an extension to respond to the health needs of the population, as well as a unit for clinical analyses. In terms of education, Soajo, offers pre-school audience, about thirty years, and the basic education dates back to the time of Queen Mary I, having your remarkable property was built in late 1931, and came to be the best in the County. Local journalism finds expression through the monthly publication – voice of Soajo-, founded in 1975, which displays a circulation of 1800 specimens, cultural vehicle that allows you to connect the local community with the soajeiros in the diaspora. Exist in Soajo a Associação Cultural e Recreativa, a Youth Association, a Associação Cultural e Desportiva, the Morris dancers from the village of Soajo, a hunting Club. Has the Soajo of monthly where fair trade bicentennial natural products and various artifacts, as well as livestock assets. In territory of Soajo is installed a riding school, which offers under a car, ponies, that covering tracks, make it possible to achieve with relative ease the high altitude zones of the serra de Soajo. The designated "Mezio door" at portela of the same name, within the limits of the limits of Soajo, now in conclusion, will allow to penetrate the National Park with a greater degree of information and contact for a theme park will benefit visitors and Aboriginal populations. In the monumental the Soajo has: your an old pillory, a national monument since 1910; the most famous set of granaries of Portugal, classified as buildings of public interest; the modest but ancient building, full of symbolism, which are the Paços do Concelho, unforgettable testimony of the past and judicial forum of public administration; the building where we ran the Real Mount Soajo, flanked of granitic and canastro, eira age-old where after the extinction of this, worked the last administration of the municipality of Soajo. Are still worthy of note, not only by your seniority appears to be pré-nacional, the granitic Church, main place of worship and religious organisation which has ex-cemitério that, although, profound changes and subsequent expansions to your primitive construction, hosted on your breast and your round successive generations, and still the presbytery that some displaced 7 absurdities of the deployment of the Portuguese Republic , put an end. Soajo, in heraldic terms, is a coat of arms, surmounted by four towers, adjusted, therefore, to the category of village, official approval legitimized. SUMMARY of FUNDAMENTALS-1 whereas, for many centuries, Soajo was town or county seat, the seat of judicial trial town or county seat of your "Ride" with special jurisdiction. 2-whereas Soajo was one of the first municipalities and one of the first trial, of Entre Douro e Minho, allowing you to have, since the dawn of Portugal, autonomy and identity of their own, which meant that, over time, had developed a historical role of remarkable importance. 3-whereas it is important to assign the category of village the Soajo, since it is after all to recognize a statute that always argued and broke, this recognition is of elementary justice. 4-the General and local interests concerned as well as the repercussions tell administrative, economic and financial, of the desired change, obviously, so the advise and require, for the benefit of the people of the Soajo. 5-whereas, at present, satisfies what is stipulated in law No. 11/82, both historical reasons (article 3(b) of this law), as is provided for in article 14 of the same law, where they consider not just historical reasons, but also cultural and architectural order, and because actual conditions to be asserted gathers as village because it has more than half of the requirements explained and required in article 12 of the aforementioned law, concerning collective equipment, as it has in your collection: the medical post) b) c) Casa do Povo Pharmacy and Associação Cultural e Desportiva d) Public Transportation and 8 Collective) Put of CTT f) Several commercial establishments, hotels and tourism g) basic education institution h) and bank branch) volunteer fire department section.
6-whereas the spatial indexes, demographic, social, economic and cultural so justify. 7-whereas the historical legacy of Soajo proves invaluable, whether considered in your symbolic significance in the archaeological or heritage aspects.
Given all the motivations and reasons contained in the grounds of the present manifestadoras, urban and socio-economic developments of the Soajo, under constitutional provisions and regulations applicable, the undersigned members of the parliamentary group of the Socialist Party presents the following draft law: Article unique is elevated to the category of vila Soajo, located in area of the municipality of Arcos de Valdevez the District of Viana do Castelo.
Palácio de s. Bento, March 12 2009 members,
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