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DRAFT resolution No. 376/X NATIONAL PLAN PROMOTION of bicycle and OTHER SOFT MODES of TRANSPORT justification one of the reasons that more contributes to environmental degradation and the quality of life, especially in our cities, are the high levels of road traffic and private cars that clog the arteries, pollute the atmosphere and the air we breathe , usurpam the public space making the mobility of pedestrians and in particular of citizens with reduced mobility, thus contributing still with a heavy share of responsibility for emissions of greenhouse gases and, consequently, to the failure of national reduction targets agreed at Kyoto. The issue of mobility and transport, not only for the environmental component of emissions, but also social, while right that is, instrumental in the access and use of goods and services and therefore of fundamental rights (health, education, work, culture, leisure, civic and political participation), needs to be look serious, responsible and proactive, not just, though, by the citizens too definitely But first of all by the public authorities which have responsibilities for looking after the public interest inalienable, also in this area. Unfortunately the soft modes of transport, the alternative private car, especially on small paths, or complementary with public transportation, which can, in fact, constitute a powerful means in our power to change behavior and improve the quality of life in our cities, making them more free cars and helping to return public space to the citizens, so that the use and his fruam safely and without constraints have not been taken seriously, in most cases, by our Government. Outdated prejudices, habits accommodated and ideas made as a supposedly invincible laziness and hid away and nationals have served long enough to postpone decision-making and measures to change the current scenario and to promote soft mobility modes or alternative means of transport.
By alternative means (in the car, that is), transport or soft mobility, we believe, as we have said elsewhere, that is made with use of modes of movement and transport of reduced speed, occupying little space and with little impact on the public highway and without gas emissions into the atmosphere as the simple pedonabilidade (walking) or the movement using the bike , skates, skateboards, scooters or any other analogous. Unlike Portugal, other countries have wagered, in addition to the fundamental integration, intermodality, and investment in public transport, ticketing simplification in the defence and promotion of these soft mobility modes, ensuring safety for cyclists with creation and expansion of bike lanes and bike parking, rethinking public space as the human being and the pawn, including one who has temporarily or permanently , reduced mobility, ordering the territory, knocking down barriers to its use, promoting these modes as real win-win alternatives that are. In this sense, "the Greens", presented several initiatives and promoted several actions over the years, with the aim of ensuring the understanding of the smooth transport modes as alternatives. At the same time as this draft Resolution we have tabled another aimed at the soft modes of transport to integrate the road component of the new crossing the Tagus River and two draft laws, one aiming to change the code of the road guaranteeing more rights to cyclists and pedestrians and the other advocating the creation of a national network of cycle tracks (i.e., especially dedicated to the movement of cycles without an engine). However we believe that it is possible and desirable to go beyond. We believe it is necessary and can be extremely useful, in order to help change attitudes and create a positive and proactive attitude in defense of soft mobility, the drafting and adoption of a national plan for the promotion of bicycle and other modes of transport. Thus, the Assembly of the Republic on the proposal of the Parliamentary Group of the ecologist party "the Greens" Decides to recommend to the Government the following: 1-the Government should set up a working group with the presence of representatives of the ministries responsible for the areas of transport, environment, land use planning and education, ANMP and representatives of the National Council of ANAFRE sustainable development with a view to drafting , approval and presentation to Parliament of a national plan for the promotion of bicycle and other modes of transport. 2-this plan will address public and private entities, associations as well as to the individual citizen, featuring innovative strategies, proposals and recommendations, having as main objective the promotion of soft mobility modes, understood as the means of movement and transport of reduced speed, occupying little space and with little impact on the public highway and without gas emissions into the atmosphere as the simple pedonabilidade or travel with the bike , skates, skateboards, scooters or any other similar, seen as a more economic, social and environmental added value, and real alternative to the car. 3 – this plan should contain, among other objectives:-the establishment of verifiable goals such as increasing the percentage of cyclists in circulation in Portugal until 2012;
-Development of strategies and awareness-raising campaigns and education for the use of these means of transport safely;
-Strengthening of means in school context in order to use learning the bike and other soft mobility modes in learning and safety of traffic regulations;
-Promotion of reflection and dialogue between public authorities and the different levels of power and responsibility with a view to breaking down barriers to these soft mobility modes;
-Support for research projects and the implementation of pilot projects on national urban space in order to improve the integration of soft mobility modes and their interaction with the public transportation systems;
-Promotion of cycling.
Palácio de s. Bento, September 15 2008.
Mrs, Mr Heloísa Apolónia Francisco Madeira Lopes
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