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1 people's Party Party CDS-PP Parliamentary Group draft resolution No. 235/X for the promotion of reduction and reuse shopping bags In Portugal, are used annually around of 2000 tons of disposable plastic bags. A value that, worldwide, represents approximately 500 billion units. It is usual to see in supermarkets and in large areas thousands of plastic bags, which are distributed for free and then they serve to carry the groceries end up in the trash without any concern of recycling, merely landfilled. In fact, according to a study recently conducted for the company green dot, only 45% of the Portuguese who usually recycle their household waste, do in concrete with plastic bags. In this way, there are thousands of plastic bags that end up abandoned, forgotten by the citizens or blown away by the wind. There are many hazards that pose to the environment, and each plastic bag can take up to 500 years to decompose in nature.
Much of the degradation of disposable plastic bags occurs by the action of light, fotodegradando into small pieces, which eventually contaminate soils, causing several damages to animals also that ingest.
2 plastic bags are even considered as one of the greatest threats to marine life and the quality of our beaches, for being among the twelve main waste abandoned in coastal areas.
Another factor to take into account, at a time when it is crucial to find alternatives to an economy based on fossil fuels, is the fact that both in their manufacture, transportation and final destination, these bags consume non-renewable resources, such as oil.
The policy must be based on waste reduction, reuse and recycling, the 3 R's. Therefore, the CDS/PP believes that must be given in respect of this residue, a special focus to the first two R's: is it possible to reduce the number of plastic bags used and its reuse should be promoted.
Having these environmental concerns, the CDS/PP considers that the same should be pursued taking into account the rights of consumers and with your collaboration as a way to obtain a significant and sustainable reduction of the number of bags used.
The management of waste from plastic bags is ensured by the operation of the SIGRE-waste management System, managed by the company green dot, which is funded by ECHO values (green dot), paid by the producers/Packers and indirectly by consumers to the company green dot.
Considers the CDS/PP is not through precipitous fashion as the Government proposed the tax abuse in the use of such bags, which can actually disrupt the current system of packaging waste management, based on the integrated system managed by the company green dot, you can alleviate this problem. First, because the measure was not understood by the consumer was not justified in relation to commercial establishments and should never be considered a mere form of Central Government funding.
3 also must avoid the mistake of, by adopting other measures for the solution of this problem, take that plastic bags are no longer regarded as packaging: they should continue to be handled by your system of waste management and to pay its eco value.
The CDS-PP believes that only with the commitment of all, it will be possible to obtain a sustainable solution to this environmental problem.
The CDS/PP parliamentary group, under constitutional provisions, and applicable rules the Government recommends: 1-Promote, through environmental awareness campaigns best practices in this field aimed at consumers, commercial establishments, supermarkets and grocery stores, for an effective reduction and reuse of bags. 2-creating a plan of incentives designed to support initiatives aimed at placing in shops of reusable bags available to consumers, produced with recyclable materials. 3-Ensure the production circuit-specific monitoring, collection, recovery and recycling of this type of waste. 4-the Organization, management and monitoring of the management system of packaging waste should continue to be carried out by the green dot, which, since 1996, has the mission to promote the selective collection, recovery and recycling of packaging waste.
São Bento Palace, December 5 2007 members of CDS
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