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1 DRAFT RESOLUTION No. 262/X RECOMMENDS to the GOVERNMENT the creation of a MORE DYNAMIC SYSTEM of partnerships and supporting the management of SMES UNDER the NSRF explanatory memorandum 1. SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) in national corporate structure.
SMEs play a very important role in the Portuguese business structure. As shown by the information contained in the latest edition of the study "SMEs in national corporate structure", its relevance continues to increase, with these companies to acquire an increasing weight in the national economy. Indeed, between 2000 and 2005, SMEs were able to generate, by year, and on average, about more jobs and more 77200 3,400,000,000 euros of business, in real terms, that represents a result six times higher than that of large companies in the area of employment and 1.7 times higher than in the area of invoicing.
And note was among micro and small companies that have registered the highest growth dynamics. In fact, the number of medium-sized companies fell slightly in this period, having the same happened with their invoicing, whereas real values. The greater dynamism of micro and small businesses occurred in any of the regions of the country, with the medium-sized enterprises to present more moderate growth than those – or even negative – both in terms of business units as 2 job. The Alentejo and Algarve regions where the corporate structure offers lower average size.
It should be noted that in 2005 operated in Portugal near 297,000 SMES, which generated approximately of 2,100,000 of jobs and more than 170,300,000,000 euros of turnover. This means that SMEs accounted for 99.6% of the then country societies .75 generating (75.2%) of jobs and performing more than half of the businesses (56.4%). The same study also shows that SMEs are prevalent throughout the national territory, are of vital importance to the promotion of the economy in all regions. However, by its very nature, is also recognized their particular vulnerability to swings in the economy and market.
2. The profile of entrepreneurs.
Show the results of monitoring the creation of companies that Portuguese entrepreneurs are mostly young people. On average have 37 years, and the most common age is 30 years. More than half, 52 percent, are less than 35 years and about 80% are 45 years or less. Another interesting has to do with the educational qualifications of entrepreneurs, are among the youngest (26-35 years) about half have at least University frequency, contrary to the trend of the higher age groups, particularly with more than 45 years, where more than half of the entrepreneurs concluded, at most, secondary school, and most of these have only the compulsory education.
It should be noted, moreover, that the Portuguese start-ups don't run to the rule of the structure in that fall, showing a reduced dimension, which is patent at various levels, such as the level of social capital-the minimum share capital is the most common option-or the number of partners – 85% of newly created societies have a partner (37%) or two partners (49%). A note to the fact that the launch of a company with family members be a relatively frequent option, taking into account that in 1/3 of the start-ups that happens (in the vast majority of these cases the company is formed exclusively by members of a family). Another shows the reduced initial dimension of the companies has to do with the size of the market in which they intend to operate, since the vast majority elects the local market as the main source of business generation. However, it is also true that 3 internationalization processes are part from the very beginning of the strategies of a significant number of start-ups, since in more than .25 of these plans were made for penetration in foreign markets over the first three years of activity.
Finally, it is interesting to note that the Portuguese entrepreneurs seem to be betting on new technologies definitely, taking advantage of the benefits that these bring them, being more and more the resorting to websites as a showcase of their company and its products and services from the first moment. In this sense, about 70% of the start-ups will have an Internet site, the vast majority with company information and information about your products or services, eventually even with catalogs is also already in those who also have features of sale (receipt of orders or sell electronics) on their sites.
Considering the design of the fabric of national SMES, we should do a review of their idiosyncrasies, which is simultaneously a vulnerability and an opportunity. So, we have a corporate structure with the following characteristics: it consists in 99.6% for SMES, most of which are micro or small enterprises; its entrepreneurs are mostly men, relatively young, still with an average level of education is relatively low, but improving clearly in inverse proportion to age; already the Portuguese start-ups entering the market with moderate expectations, both in terms of turnover but also in terms of the size of its market, once the proximity market has a very large weight on their activities; However, it is also increasingly significant number of start-ups that put the internationalization on their short term agenda; on the other hand, it is already clear the bet of the entrepreneurs in the use of new technologies, since the vast majority of start-ups intends to have a site on the Internet, not only as a showcase of their products and services, but also for their own marketing.
3. The NSRF (National strategic reference framework). The NSRF introduces a new view on application of structural funds strengthens the sense of competitiveness, bet on the competitiveness of enterprises and in the ability of the Portuguese society generate partnerships. 4 This is the scenario in which the operational programmes of the NSRF will operate in order to achieve a commitment to promotion of networks of SMES, with a view to strengthening the endogenous potential and the capacity of the regions. The NSRF has as a priority to strengthen the internationalization and the innovation of enterprises. This priority reflects a bet on a pattern-oriented business competitiveness of international expertise of our companies, structuring axis of the NSRF. One of the lines of the systems of incentives to achieving this priority will be precisely the qualification of SMEs, to promote the dynamic factors of competitiveness in these companies. It takes into account the fact that the incentive systems of the NSRF if Guide by criteria such as the selectivity and to present as an instrument of rigor, and mobilization. These criteria require that SMEs have the notion very clearly that if they have to organize to gain size and if claiming as winning companies in a market that makes the qualification of companies a factor of competitiveness and position themselves on the international markets the policy of this Government points out a new vision for Portugal leaving what today are the new challenges of the global market respectively: the markets are within the framework of a new phase of globalisation marked by the role of new actors with great impact, like China and India; live the impact of enlargement of the European market to new Member States from the East; live an intense acceleration of technological revolution, and the participation of Portugal in the economic and Monetary Union and the single currency. Thus, the qualification and specialisation is a challenge that puts us before a decisive crossroads responding to structural deficits of our economy and our society. 4. The NSRF as chance of qualification and competitive SME statement.
A more competitive country needs a dynamic SME fabric that can be a "global player". Portugal needs more ambitious SMES seeking to expand their activities beyond national borders. Thus, it is necessary to create conditions for the NSRF is indeed an opportunity to promote the quality of SMEs and enhance their competitiveness, which implies a greater specialisation, new technologies and new skills in growth strategies and innovation. 5 the current profile of our entrepreneurs is an important facilitator of the break with the traditional logic of the fabric of SMEs in Portugal and evidence of a potential installed, with conditions to be challenged to a new corporate culture. Accordingly, the financial investment is essential to the viability of this change and growth Panel recommends. But we must bear in mind that by the very nature of SMEs of reduced size and structure mainly small and micro companies may have difficulty in considering your needs and organize in order to be effective in accessing and processing information about the contest to Community funds.
Considering the characteristics of SMEs in business structure, the priorities of the NSRF and the fact that constitute as the quintessential platform of modernizing and qualification of the country and the current challenges of globalization of markets, the Parliament decides, pursuant to paragraph 5 of article 166 of the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic, recommend to the Government the following measure : 1. Creation of a more dynamic system of partnerships and supporting the management of SMEs under the NSRF.
1.1. This system of support for streamlining the corporate sector for the purposes of access to Community funds made available through the NSRF must meet the needs of: simplification; accessibility; proximity; single contact, and technical assistance, experienced by SMEs in particular, by small and micro enterprises.
1.2. The aim is to create an interactive, dynamic interface, which is not only a point of provision of information to SMEs and entrepreneurs to potential entrepreneurs. It is essential to take a flexible attitude and pro-active, supported a dynamic intervention model, which enables a continuous balance at the level of services provided, i.e. between the demand and the offer of the NSRF and products to achieve the objectives of public policies for economic development.
1.3 6. Seeks to be a service system with two dimensions: 1) ensures a service of technical assistance in the phases of pre and post application 2) to go to the Manager via a contact plan, carried out preferably by County, so as to create an environment conducive to the emergence of a culture of partnerships and competitive ideas and innovative and sustainable projects for SMEs to benefit from funding and the opportunity to claim provided by NSRF.
1.4. A system of support of this nature should give priority to the installed capacity, in a logic of articulation place involve central Government, local authorities and business associations as well as other civil society organisations, at the management level of applications and companies taking advantage of incentives, the structure of the central and local public administration.
1.5. The heterogeneity of the solutions that will be found should contribute to approximate the NSRFS of citizens, businesses and organisations, in General. The existence of a system of dynamization of partnerships and support in the process of applications, management, next, dynamic and accessible, preferably in each municipality of the country, effectively and efficiently give a reply to SMEs by promoting the growth of the Portuguese economy.
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